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Seed Saving

Mark Heisey

Description

Save Seed... Save Money
Learn about different types of seed, pollination methods, plant isolation distances, what crosses with what, and basic principles of harvesting and storing. 

Presenter

Mark Heisey

Seventh-day Adventist Minister who currently serves as Director of the Barnabas Center Ministry and Editor of PREACH IT!

Conference

Recorded

  • November 12, 2015
    10:45 AM
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Well I begin with a photo of the harvest of our fountains these are next pumpkin theater not familiar with and they are the best. Pie pumpkins you can have even are all you can cook I'm just as a. A matched and make make Custer's and pies out of them to know when the next pumpkin. Its contents it's called a neck pumpkin to look on the internet it would be any think a neck pumpkin known as the best it's an open pollinated variety the Amish Mennonite communities to keep the thing going. And that they're normally about eight to fifteen pounds. This one here is a fifty pound or the reason it's a record holder probably of them sort. I didn't intend to grow in that large I got been staged in Pennsylvania. And one. One of my friends within the farm. One day thirds. You've been up in your pumpkin patch I said no he said you need to go up there and take a look because to him it was the largest he had ever seen as well. So if I was saving seeds for next year. What I think of it from this one. If that's what I wanted to get right. I probably save her. Several for the reason of genetic. But you want to save the things that you like to eat. And that do very well to this. That's the to them an R. is staving see. OK to go away just to save money as well as we begin the type of word for father very grateful to us for the miraculous event that takes place. Before us as a garden. And we pray that you help us understand and appreciate that and may thing. Miraculous power in Christ name Amen. Now when you think of speed. There's a lot of things in the Bible to talk about speed right and harvesting things like I just name a few a tech to come with your my parable of the thrower sowing theat. Muster speed to see the bathe her hands before. And when you plan to see what do you get. Fruit was about that in the Bible and. What Right sure. The harvest. Right. The plant that you plant seeds for the purpose of. Harvest. That's right. Growing. There is a scripture in Glacier in chapter six. Beginning with seven and eight B. not to see. God is not mocked for was over man though is that jelly off the reel. What we stow right. For he that those two It splashed out of the splash re corruption but he that goes to the spirits of the Spirit re life everlasting both important plant. Good speed. Right. And we reap what we sow is there an exception to that. If God destined. God they have been you know I only know of one exception if we get caught that. And that is redemption. But by grace three really don't reap what we've done. We report Crisis own. And Christ has intend to come back and get a harvest. Destiny. And we know from Spirit of Prophecy that. If you had been the only one. Christ become bat would have came for you right. If you have been the only one if I've been the only one. Christ with a comeback for us now if you could just imagine the clouds roll back of a scroll and you hear the noise did get louder and louder and ten thousand times ten thousands and thousands of angels are coming from glory. And they're coming down. And you're saying this is the real. This is really real Jesus is coming. And you begin to feel lighter and lighter need start floating up in the air. And you look around and you're the only one. This Think about it. And you begin to say no or no this can't be. And he says OK. I knew thousands of years ago you'd be the only one. Not come only got things to do and places to go and us show you I want to see a whole lot of things that will happen that way but. He intends to have a Harley. And when you plan it the that purpose that you're playing with seed is to get the harvest tell us important. What kind of these we plant. Mr White Book education there is a life in this city there's power in the spoils I don't let that Internet Powers Act by day and night. The seed will yield. No Return. The showers are a must refresh with her she feel the sun must impart warmth of electricity must be conveyed to the berry fifteen. The life which the Creator has been planted. He alone can call forth. Every thirty grand every plant developed by the power of God. So we are participating in something just amazing. And it does take the power of God to do it. Does he designed to that they would grow. That they want to grow but when it grows what it had to do first. Die. Which is a lesson of spirituality in all of life in order for us to develop and grow. Live we had to first die and died down right. All right. We are live in a culture that the. Has too much to live with into most too little to live for. And we need to live out our faith the REAL out live our faith. Right. Have to die dispelled. In order to begin till this. So that media. Before we talk about the speed the talk about the cars the kinds of scenes that there are you. And it's difficult to know the level of knowledge or lack there of. You know with appropriate to share with you so at any time. You're welcome to correct me or ask me questions in the here it's all clear. You see in the catalog OPI meaning open. Pollinated What does that mean that what kind of teaching we get for our gardening open Polonaise these the natural or human selections. Were you. How it's so I had a concussion recently and I'm not always don't click like I should. But open Polonaise the different things it's a strewed sees to that he can be safer replanting year after year with predictable out. Come open pollinated means it can be bred or develop those not necessarily old. It just states true to speed. OPI day security. These open pollinated second kind of heirloom that heirloom isn't open Polonaise the they threw the but it's as old and. Almost everything of value they all share with you today. Is in a handout that's not here. But is somewhere on campus so I suppose though. It was intended to be here supposed to be here but. Asked for it at the registration desk perhaps. No it wasn't I asked yesterday and they said it would be here on site. And I didn't have a chance to run back and get it. But they great great. See don't otherwise you got to take note if if I share something with you that's not in the handout. I'll tell you how that. It is of any value to you can concentrate on this and talking and asking questions and we'll get through a spine of the odd cover in an hour one an airgun variety can develop characteristic to specific reasons of the world you know you get it to me they came from this part of Italy. And it's because the soil it was there because the bread to plant and got the taste in it and. This specialized to that area. Heirloom varieties. And now you also see the F one hybrid Misa So the first filial generation made by crossing two different parent variety to the same but panicle species. The offspring of which produce a new because distance. The variety was straight from both parents. We get a. You get a poodle. And you mix it with a. Shepherd's German Shepherd and what do you get Shepherd dude or something right. OK. Now you might like it you might not but. You know some people will. The cross must be repeated. Each generation for F one hybrids are usually more vigorous and either parent. That's why you get to made a varieties that are hybridized because they may have disease resistant they might have to travel. Capacity. They may be there to have been different flavor. That you know to get by mixing to Mike. Man and Woman. And you get child in that particular child if you're going to do it again. You can do it again. But this is with predictable results of that all the kids start looking I like end to end if you do that often enough you can create a the hybridized consistency. Called David C. just like that without the scribbles on that's all over it too. To get the cells. Alan. Sure can see he's cute it's Please let's get it. It's GET THIS IS HE can make the hand out I mean I made everything. Sure I can do which I don't know how to end this program to do that. Well then we need to have asked him one here might cause a lot of OK watch these to talk to doing that the media. Go ahead. What if you were to make something happen or hybrids bad. Are the bad. Now they're not bad. They're very functional and if you want them time to certain type of plant to grow in you've got diseases in your area and it's disease resistant and you want to sure you've got to made it that year. He may want to plant in hybrids these two. It's an Her question is can a hybrid bring forth in a new type of variety or plant Yeah. Because if you take the. Male flower of an acorn squash and rub it on the team male flower of a new Keeney and you're at the root. Right through ripe and in you say this is the new plant next season. You made and hope for the best you can get something ugly can get something. Inedible you can get something the shaping is something interesting and you may get just what you wanted. A hybrid. It's not bad. It can occur naturally. It does all the time in nature. And in seven generations the D.N.A. stabilizes enough that the test of generations will remain true to speed. That's how we got a German Shepherd. And a toodle. And carrier and. Kali all from the same dogs. Because we bred them by B.C. a bite by trait in trait and traced and traits and still the shepherd oodles. You could breed to shepherd oodles and you get another shepherd doodle you don't get another poodle. They stabilize to genetics and it takes about seven generations to happen. So good as it is now. How to get back to where we were very nice lady it came and helped us. You know as a lot lot bigger up here than here could you help me John. Man. So what type of seeds that you choose depends on your philosophy about gardening. Thank you so much for the help. OK. But the for things you want to use good speed right. You fifty. Because if you put a good thing in the ground. You know and it begins to sprout it puts all hormones into the ground to exude things in the ground. Too depressed to sprouting and other seeds in its area. And so you have left weak the germinating. If you get the good speed. That it's got lots of strength and lots of power in there. And it can keep that other cities from sprouting and many as three four weeks but if you use weak steed. You mean you get three or four days of effective. Anti growth of hormones in the soil to use good speed and hybrid speed generally tends to be less vigorous than air tomorrow from pollinating seeds and it requires usually more water and more fertilizer. Than the other varieties and has less mineral content it's the weekend variety generally. For those for bigger. But it might have the traits that you want to because you like that's it for the taste of a tomato. OK. All right if cross-pollination occurs it will only affect the fruit of the next generation. So you can have beings to cross-pollinate. And you will never know until you plant the seeds that you saved from that current year to next year. Except corn if you flank course most other corn it can cross-pollinate. And you'll see the result. This year. Right you see you have a was the current color you put white and yellow corn close together and you get yellow and white. Kernels in the same. Same ears. That happen this year. So how do you manage that he can stagger your planning. Note the maturing time and take a guess about that path on pollination times. So if you plant safety for next year's planning Be careful growing popcorn sweet corn close together. All right. Share question is how far apart should they be which I have a chart in your hand out that will tell you from about most everything that you grow. HOW FAR FAR TO should be. The standard is about two hundred feet if you're really careful. But you don't have to worry about that for most things. And will get to that. Now there's unpredictable an unknown factors about dating speed. But you want to save your best that you can't that has to do with oil health has to do with whether. Yeah. Diseases. So you just kind of do the best you can. If you plant safety for the next season. Plan the type of tea that you want to stay and grow that as well the variety. If you. The on the were next year. If cross-pollination occur. We covered that right. All right. All right we did this and. All right. If you don't want to limit yourself to one but technically sees this is what you do stagger the planning for the flowers the different times in the distance between the varieties. Here's in principle. I don't how do this. Obviously. My computer screen in your successor be different as me save you see for a lot of times it is quite easy actually. Specially if you're growing beans or eggplant and corn and cucumbers and melons and peace and peppers intimate is all those are really easy to stay seeds from but here the principles never safety from the D's plant. Specially P.S. peas are really bad to carry on the disease the next generation. Likely from a large variety of parent plants. Why because you want to big genetic mix right. Make sure the seed is driving for storing keep it consistent storing conditions and choose your best to your principles now. Good friend of mine is from the Paul. She says when they garden. They say their steed over there. They save one plant in the garden. For the thief or next year. And perhaps because of the high. Mineralisation from the Himalayan mountains that bring the water down. They get by with that. I don't know that we can do that we should save the from the large variety as parent plant. And keep your genetic mix going. When I plan to neck pumpkins. High realize that you know if I just plant my neck pumpkins next year and safety from that. In plant that again and safety from that plant that again. One of my doing. We caught. Inbreeding is an army. And so I really want to buy Get a friend in Pennsylvania to save me to get me some speed from a local farmer I make a trip up there and a bike and pumpkins and get that genetic mix to keep going. The don't want to him. Because of the vigor of this. Feed. And will cover some of the about the house. DAVID Of course the first. I'm sorry I forgot. If I going to fast. OK I guess. I will happen or they might get something like Oh thank you. The question is if the In brief too much we get them strange and odd things. Yeah. Eventually you weaken it things trying to get starts to get smaller generally at your first sign it smaller. All right though there are how do you say fifty well you gotta get ready for saving and first profit that calls for mentoring is very simple we shouldn't be intimidated by any of this kind of thing. What do you ferment HERMANT Things like to made a speech that. Are all gooey and fermentation. Copies what takes place naturally in nature at the fruit rot or animal eats it and then discards that in species. And so here's what to do differ meant see you want to prevent the kind that are in case in some gelatin kind of gooey stuff like a tomato or cucumber. Yeah that's just plain water. The cucumbers these are hardy. This is a cucumber that you know. These are very tender and small and not good. I just got that the store last night. I went by that they even see from that I want to get a fruit this right. On the vine. Or in the plant. The gelatin kind tend to be vine. And let it ripen that it age a little bit in there. You know. Overripe maybe sometimes good to get a cucumber that are returned yellow. You know how the seed to get to be bigger. That's great. OK. And they begin to separate and closed. And then you take out the bet. The pulp. And you're left with Caesar floating around. And lo and behold some say. Go to the bottom and some float on the top the one of the float on top and no good because they're not dense and they won't sprout Hardy. So you just pour out the wanted. On the top and you're left with one. Like that that sink to the bottom. Those here good seeds and the good deeds and you stick it in a room that seventy eighty degrees. For about two weeks every once in leave the lid off. And it can to get icky on the top and you pour that off a little bit more water and pour it all into you get rid of most of that debris. And once it's on to ferment it a little bit before it all and then those speeds you can pour out on a tray you want to pour him out on the cloth like I gits did. Or piece of paper. Why not. They'll stick at. Right they put him in a screen or on a plate. Then out of the sunshine let him. Dry quickly. He can padding with paper cap you want to. And then you take the the. And put them. What they're really dry and you gotta put him somewhere and we'll get to that here in a moment. OK. That did at kind of slow well off. All right so we got at the one way. Second why it's to dry the seat. All right you peel back the husk of corn hang it. By the husk under a shed roof. Bend it down on the stock and let it dry that way. Yes man. Yes it is why is it that when you throw your feet on the compost pile you always get to Maison squash that you don't get cute cumbers and others. Tepper's some I have an answer. You raise quick. You made the thing many variables but I would think the did Canadian squash They just tend to be very. Seed. You know they haven't been hybridized a whole lot and. They're just by mean they have been hybridized a lot. And the reason they had been is because they're vigorous to begin with but yeah. Yeah. I don't know. I don't know the answer to that. Why the did you just get that but that's true of every compost pile I've seen. There is consistency. And we do. Alright them for mending is one way drying is another way. Take to seize it dry and the POD rub it or flail it in a pillowcase or something like that with light pressure. So you don't break the season separate them from the pods and then you window it for small stages just throw me in a ball. Squish and now a little bit break it up and then. Like your pan and for gold used to get around three around the light stuff goes the top the heavy stuff goes the bottom you can blow it off or scoop it off gently when you're saving seed you have a whole lot more speed then you're going to plan anyhow both you wait the few seeds OK. Here's how I do it. I throw him in an old wheel barrel bucket like these are being seat. I depo on until I crush them. A little bit. Then I pick a breezy day and I dump them from the barrel to big pan. Do that they're all time to you have a TS mostly in your pan if you have a too much wind you may want to lessen the distance between the two. The pan in the bucket or whatever you put it in or put a sheet down or something like that or TARP and then you don't lose them out into the ground. And you put them in a little container label the container that labeling is important. Because you look at savor those yellow whacked means there were those. You know because some beings look at awful lot like when the. And what year it was yes ma'am. Yet to serious possibly. The question are there thump the that has revived thousands of years they certainly have in places like Egypt. In tune that the humidity and temperature are pretty constant. And they've gotten leet from the place has been planted it and grew. But and I haven't your hand out a chart that gives you the basic. For now they How long is the tool generally last that you can sort and have good. Viability for replanting growth. Yeah. I'll get bright to that. Get that and we're Where do you store your speed. All right. I don't this is all in order. Yeah I did data showed you have to get rid of the pulp. If you have a seeds like pepper see that aren't pulpy. All right. They clean easily you still want to rinse them off. Most bulk these that have any wetness to than originally rinse it off to the get through the sugars that are on this deed. And this store better for you. So that these that are wet when you get them. We know might not be in the right order here. We did the do we do the dry ice gifted. I did OK OK Thank you all right. Then this and want to make it seem older germinate. That's why when you. Dry them you want to make sure there's plenty there and that you do it in a reasonable amount of time. So places these. On the plate. Window screen. Medical to see something. They dry quickly and thoroughly out of direct on being we will play eggs. I put it there twice by mistake that for emphasis perhaps in flowers or immature paused and then he had to out inside to beings need to weigh out. So you ever pick chestnuts. And you think all the the wonderful chestnuts and you put them in the fridge rater and come back in a week or two and it got holes all over him and I was the way to deal with that you freeze when you take your seeds that are dry seeds and and. So you don't get bugged. Having eaten then you take them to put them in the freezer for five days. But if they're not dry what will happen if you put them in the freezer. The cells of this the seed will break. And then you've lost your the. OK. You know that. There's a great story of survival of During persecution. Religious persecution Russia all its time. Family father took his wife and two children I believe and went out into the Siberian to remote area. And they lived there for forty years. Only them as a family. And it's one of the best a viable stories in history. They never even knew of World War two. They were discovered by and mining. Expedition people in helicopter who thought they saw what looked like a human. Structure. And they flew down and brought with them. A clue that killed two of the family a belief. Because they had no immunity against this common diseases of culture. The Lady. One daughter still alive. But they had gotten down to one grain of rice the mother died of starvation. But the father planted that one grain of or I think got eighteen grain that he guarded that day and night. And from that got back. Their crop of food. OK. So David. He may come in handy some day. I had to book story. Look under survival stories. Russia. And you have spears youtube videos. A documentary to that effect. Incredible. Virus. Story. But stating see. I think of that story when I think of how important is it. Learn how to do this to use pop peppers saving speed you want to work love. I will. That's a great one hit with a hammer and I'll come to how to do that yet. Well before that though this one here. Yeah. Let's do right now. If you have a bunch of being Steve and you want to make sure before you put them in the freezer that the. You should be able to put them in the freezer. You lay one down on something very hard. And you take a hammer and go bang. And it is smashes. It's not dry enough. If it if it shatters it's dry enough. So if you save you see you just want to make sure that it passes the hammer test. Dry deeds. In the hand out. A lot of things in the hand out. And if it's not dry enough. What do you do. Dry longer right. And until it does that. Now. Most the time you won't have to you probably don't have being Leavell beating in your beans but if you did you beat all the disappointed Sunday. You don't take this. The other thing that you can do is to make sure certain and if you're not able. Because the volumes put everything into a fridge or eight or somewhere that you want to sort. You have stored in buckets. Then you put several Bailey's in that bucket and that keeps eggs that are in there from hatching how that works I don't know. Or put some diatomaceous earth in with your bean or the whatever speed you have. And so that if any larvae hatches out. And they start crawling around that diatomaceous earth will take care of them too and has to do ways they see. They work wonderfully for grain is put diatomaceous earth in any grain. Bucket. Container that you have as good question how to draw your seeds. Best if it's dried by datcha will air. Not in it's on nodded to hydrate or unless it's at very very low. Are off the trees will. I suppose. Not nest. Not necessary to do that but it's certainly all thank you so much for the effort you gave to get that hand out that's incredible. I was really remarkable. I don't know how I'm feeling on time. I do do have a lot to get through here for you. More handouts. OK over here great behind. All right. These stories. In your hand out. Sollie about the third or fourth page the chart at the bottom the page that shows you how long you can store your see if you store them well. All right you know all their one year to year three years four years five or six years. Because if you can save your seat for five or six years. You're way ahead of yourself I mean you buy these now and you get these for years and years. Right if you store them well and they're able to store them well know how to store them and anything you look at a pack of Oz. As dated one thousand two thousand and ten she said I waste my time of planted or not. Well. You can test that the take a few C's out of your packet Are the any good. Put them on a paper towel. Dampen that tile and let it sit out in the doesn't. In this in a shady spot your house can see it feeds Germany he was your sprouting seeds and if a high percentage of the Seas. Germinate then you know you go ahead and plant them. If they don't germinate then you know you just throw the package out and. So this TELL YOU CAN KEEP see how long can you keep the thieves. Now it depends on the a lot. How you store him but for sure did not vacuum seal your steed those seeds are alive. They're just waiting for the right combination is full of temperature more Easter. Sunlight to germinate. The do not vacuum steal your steed you put them in a airtight container but it is not vacuum sealed so you have a are in it. Put it in a jar in a bottle plastic bag stored a cool dry environment preferably with temperature and humidity are consistent. Where would that be a root cellar. Generally since I'm wary of this your refrigerator. Forced want to play a freezer works wonderfully. The were EVERY is store the seed Here's the rules. If you add the temperature. And the humidity. The number should be less than one hundred. So eighty degree can humidity have to be below twenty. It's twenty degrees you can have a dips and humidity. Whatever. That's the rule. She should only have about eight percent more sure is left in the speed that. A freezer net is an excellent place to put them. And when you have this chart before you and it says you can keep being seized for three years to the foot in the freezer the refrigerator you may be able to keep them for twenty years. Another can we do Paquette the environment to say that these are a thousand years. Well. We have international seed bank that are keeping our seed in places like the Arctic. You know but you know you know I can't be doing that and. You want safety for your great great great great great great great great grandchildren. It all means so much to them. No but you know I don't Gardens a weed or spend money. Maybe you do so over the years I've tried to learn how to have a garden without spending my time. Weeding and without saying much money. And this is one good way to save money is seed. Saving your C K O. All right John mentions it. If your corn beans those guys to easily hit them with a hammer if they shatter the other one is seeds like pepper seeds. If you fold the seed. And it breaks good. If you fold it and it bend. Without breaking. It's not dry enough. You need that an eight percent eight percent last more eastern your city. You can put them in a Mylar bag. Or a paint can put them in a flat plastic bag if you want to do concerned about saving seed. Outside of her Duraid or freezer. Put in out to absorb or. A few grains of rice at absorb the actor oxygen. Not necessary. Take care of moisture in there. But the shell of a seed can tough in with stories time. Longer you keep it tougher can get. If you put it in the freezer. Sometimes I don't help we can that shell or you can take a lady and Emery emery board for nine. Thing her nails and scratch the seeds. When you take it out. And it will break the capital. Easier ng. Sprout more easily and you have a higher germination rate. If you have a play if you don't have space in your fridge rater and you put him into a bucket or can a metal can works great. Again the lid on a five gallon bucket worked wonderfully too. But since you had to get in and out of your seed story just play to you. You want to use the gum a lid. Rather than just a tight lid because that hurts your fingers or it's always a nuisance to get open. But always blame boys and rotate your stock. Here in the Tory replace it with a new that you want. And I recommend that you grow what you like to eat. And that you store speed from what you like to plant and grow because that's usually what you're going to use your space with right. Everything life to trade off and usually if you grow you don't like it. I grow food I don't like but I grew up for my wife. She liked the IGS fresh big grow fake. In a greenhouse. Or four thousand foot elevations cold winters in the. AIG plant. Luchini usually seek some doubts is worth it to where the do Keeney I nor about three questions and after a while you can ignore any longer and. I got one over here. You know plant things to you like eat. As you please like you will eat right to that to move to plant pollination in isolation. You have a charge to that effect. Can i want to review that chart with you. So that you have an idea what all the symbols mean the case you have any questions about did you notice the pollination method. That should be a chart that looks like that. OK got that great. All right how do plants propagate the V. is vegetatively What are some that veggie vegetatively propagate. Great great great potatoes. Asparagus. That's a tricky one in it. Different ones. Potatoes. OK So you got that idea. Insect would be the I and it is insect is pollinating it might not be true the seeds. Right. Because they go from one thing to another to another to another and doing the job wonderful job for you we have bees they do great job but you know bees are interesting in that when the big gets out in the morning. It's as I got the dandelions another wanted I got the lilies of the left as I got the pears. You know they they are plant specific in the gathering of pollen to the dandelion gets pollinated by Tuesday and a line to demand a line to dandelion to dandelion remarkable. But they aren't doing all that for you in your garden. Because they might go. I got the beans but the do all your beans or you know mix your beans for you so this insect pollinated. At the height it's it could be. Not true to seed have a cross pollination. Well it's good to answer it won't be true to speed as well. Well pollination. P.S. Do not cross with anything else. They don't. P.S. Do Not Cross colony. Self pollinating months what would be some stock pollinating ones. Beans. Yep. Dean still pollinating. Most all your beings are self pollinating. OK and then wind. OK. Now if it's wind. I am I I can really be a problem can it because your neighbors planning something to. Yeah do you know. So as hard as best as he wants to do with complications. And you have wild plants little mix right. Clean and placed on this with your character. So what do you do. Well you could take a bag paper bag put it over top of the plant. Put a rubber band around it. When it comes to the following time. And hope. But if it if it had a required. Pollination than other plants he can't do that. Oh you just sometimes have to hope for the best can see that you can do a lot a lot with just isolation. Plant time. Who's right. The list go to the distance to be covered. If we can really cover that i quickly. All right. If you got garlic. You plant from bulbs it doesn't matter if you plant join a geyser garlic together won't matter if you're for Tate is all matter because even though the deed may cross-pollinate with other potatoes. The. Flowers. Right. You got that they can cross-pollinate. But you're planning from the potato. So that won't matter. OK. We've It is a matter cause you doing from sprout. If you doing the biennial blade be in broccoli and carrots biannual meeting. It puts keyed out the second year of growth right. So if you have a carrot in the ground and you're waiting for them to go to see they don't go to speed. It's not a problem of the character just aren't old enough yet to get him through the winner. And then go the next year. And then he put out there Steve. Now. I've saved. The to them cared. And it's wonderful but character he's are so cheap and so prolific in volume from what you can buy for a few cents does it really pay to try to keep them alive to the winter not where we live. I keep him through the winter to eat fresh. Or keep him through the winter in the root cellar. We generally throw away our beaten potatoes. To be think Eric in sleep it tainted that I left over from last year when we are harvesting them this year. I just three weeks ago we threw away the rest of our sleeper Tatum last year who harvest the crop this year. So if you start with good seed and good boil. Generally they keep a long time. And you can because we like to eat year round. I don't know if you. You do but we do. And that's one way to do it right but the beings in peas and tomatoes have perfect Lauer's meaning the male Stayman in the seam ales Karpal parts. In the stain flower. In When I first started the greenhouses and I grew the to mate is. And you know in February Your taken to made is in this is really grade. I was faithfully going out every morning. Since taking my finger a Q tip and going from flower to flower to flower and all the comedic plant. And then of the new Clarkson's like to get those the next day and I pretty well to keep up with that way and I was really. So proud of getting these tomatoes not realizing that they were doing it before they opened up. And it was totally useless for me to be doing this. Then. And so you can plant. You can plant this room for of twenty different varieties to mate is and you will get a little cross thing but pretty much they will stand true speed. Side by side because they refer to life before the flower even opened. Because they're in the same flower. Both parts. So this isn't is not a concern for those kind that have perfect Lauer's some plant species such as corn. Au-Prince been each must cross pollinate. If they're going to stay strong and be productive. So you want different varieties cross pollinating. Which makes it difficult to be saving those seeds. If you want predictable outcome. That's why we have an awful lot of hybrid of corn. Constant inbreeding of crap or cross pollinating plants. Even if they are of non hybrid variety will result in weak nonproductive plants after the first couple of years. So even if you start with non hybrids the you can trade the to cross-pollinate species indefinitely without a cumulative negative. Change in the offspring so they have to cross pollinate. The don't try to stave it all. All the time and be worried about it cross colony because it is pretty tough for these kind of corn of Princeton age. So the solution is via nasty to last for several years. Stored as a good place to ensure germination and plant several different non hybrid in non G.M.O. varieties and cross-pollinate them every year. And your speed of play a good strong. Now does pollinates plant species is being peppers to made a Clance and garlic can peace can be grown in this deed save year after year with little or no genetic change that. Nice to know I'm going to test for is were with me OK All right good. Because I want to get to the ones we usually have the most questions about the breath because cross with other brassicas of the same species. Easily so frock Lee in Brussels sprout cabbage cauliflower and college scales in Colorado they are all this species of brassica me turn it to a cross with other brassica Rapids a wild field mustard bok choy. They'll cross to the eternity. These were crossed with charred. Even though they have perfect flowers most their stuff incompatible. So that the pollen thing on the same plant recognize each other and say and can't do that case to the will cross pollinate something else. They genetically a similar. And they block their fertilization. And that can be a real challenge to you have the deeds. They are to be trying to save us from this group of plants. Now that Kirk a bit family. Armani shoes. Mano issues. They have separate male and female flowers on the same plant. And they don't need another plant to pollinate. So your pumpkin. You could plant one punkin plant and still have pumpkins. But you might have to do a little work for the pocket because the a flower. Grows in this part of the. You know a new part of the stem and then the vine. And then a a day later two days later another flower and couple days later another flower as a vying it's longer going all right. Well. This flower back here. Two weeks ago was ready to be pollinated. But there wasn't a male flower to pollinate it yet because the vine hadn't grown long enough. And so even though they have on the same plant male to female flowers. That the timing might not be right. So that's why you want to grow more than one pumpkin plant. To the flowers of one plant. Can pollinate the male of one plant can pollinate the female of the other plant. OK and that helps you with genetic. OK. They do not cross pollinate between species but can within a species. What does that mean all cucumbers. Can cross-pollinate with any cucumber. OK. And all watermelon can cross paths with other watermelon and acorn squash is in the thing. Beasties as it KEENEY. So in a course quashed can cross purposes new KEENEY. But a honeydew would never cross with the L A summer squash. Because they're different species even though their insane family. So when you're planting. I thought I had cucumbers and cantaloupes. Crossed one time. Because what I got from the feet they even looked awful strange. You know it's not what I thought I planted. Cucumber cannot cross with a Can low. Because it's different species even though their nickname family. So in your garden. Planting planning. You can plant the summer squash. Now. Can I plant my summer squash close to my cantaloupes. Yet. Can I plant them close to my watermelons yet or can I can paint that plant them close to my do. Cucumbers. Yet what could I plant my butternut squash next to my field pumpkin. Know your rights is a have a list down here at the bottom of that page. Should we might be the last major handout is it right there at the bottom. Because this is the one that can get a little confusing. Most of us don't have gardens far enough. Big enough to be able to plant things far enough part from each other. I have three different gardens. To avoid the cross pollination. But I have plenty of space to do that. So my pumpkins always go over there. Or out there and never hear. Right. Or I could plant my field corner over there my three corner over here and there several hundred feet apart. Mostly you won't have problems. But I also conscious of the when I was planning corn from planning by plant the field corn. Up winter in the sweet corn I don't plant. The corn up when from the fields or right. So you just think of those terms of the planning of your garden in terms of what will cross with what and how far apart it needs to be and. If you don't mind the sleet corn being a little tough. Go ahead plan it up when from the field goal. Tattling times are different in the planting times is different so that you have pollination at different times and a real good book if you want to get serious about it more than what's right here. Then. Susan Ashworth book it's probably best known in quite straightforward and simple. Even those technical over here to great to on site there's a couple of these books left or. Concede to speed. Susan. Ashworth A S. H. W. O. R. T. H.. I like I'm not able for the R.T.D. in the freezer or fridge rater or in buckets or to. And I one thing I found very easy to use is go to a building supply store. And they have these plastic containers for screws and nails and little divisions. Lots of those divisions and the lid unsnapped down over all those and put all your lists and made a tier put them in little coin. Manila envelopes and label them stick them in there and get to talk then the whole box right into their fridge rater doesn't take a lot of speed. To grow be guarding. So you don't have to save all your seed that they've enough and. That's a very simple way to save very organized to keep him well labels. Contained. And you can say this is my face in the freezer for my garden next year. It's very simple and. Put them in plastic bag for the use of label. Label because sometimes the open things out and use. You know the worst knows the better than the best memory. Label your stuff. Label what it is and what year. That you harvested and and then. You know when you get the new stuff he might want to just toss them out like planning your transport. Planning to made a plan to transplant you think well you know. I'll plant fifty amid You only have space for twenty. And you give away and then what do you do with these beautiful young tomato plants you just throw him out. You just have to do that a hissy to you just don't. Can't keep it. And shouldn't keep it because it takes up space. And it gets old and then you can't throw away anyhow good stuff of to to talk that every eight. You know just even is viable for a couple more years. If you don't need it. You know and get a system and go for yes me. Or depends on what it is. But generally of week or two until it looks like it got really thousand years from ended it well and cleaned it up in dry dry and Stuart. And you know. Just as your example with compost You don't even have to do that and it's amazing the get storm all Nessie and use kind dry out the math and you plan and again they still grow. But what that. For mentation process says that it kills the microorganisms that all called disease when you're sixty. And so it's a nice thing to do yet recovers to do it very very easily. Just what you can come it sure you want to open pollen a variety or an heirloom variety. Oh no thieves it could be the variety of Cupar number that you planted. And the bitterness is a genetic thing it's not related to noice you're a dry nest in your cucumbers it's genetic. It's a toxin. Q courier. Bit tast in. Toxic to humans we cannot eat the bitter cucumbers. Specially those that are really bitter that are really bad for us. But as John says it's them that are maturing your plan of his deficient Lee and then getting ones that have good faith in him. I don't know the answer any more than that. Keep trying it's good practice when your life is not dependent upon. Learn how to do when you don't have to have it. If you look at this media was brought to you by audio person. A website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio. And much more. If you would like to know more about audio version for if you would like to listen to more sermon. Leave visit. W W W dot. Audio verse. Dot org.

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