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Romans 1:1-16 "Introduction to Romans"

Norman McNulty

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Norman McNulty

Neurologist at Southern Tennessee Regional Health System, Lawrenceburg, TN

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Recorded

  • March 4, 2009
    7:00 PM
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we are beginning a study through the book of Romans and we are going to be going through this book every ones they knife and so we get probably the first eight chapters romantic or classic hit a look at some of the themes from the rest of the book that really the meat of the book is in the first eight chapters on whether Cielo Visa here tonight let's read never worked for a normal get inch to the study father in heaven we thank you for bringing us here this evening and we pray that as we begin a study in this most powerful book that you would bless us and open our minds to the special truth is naming while I'm excited about studying the book of Romans the book of Romans is probably one of the most powerful books in the Bible yet so obviously I have a alone for prophecies of Daniel Revelation are pretty high on my notes that I like to study but Romans is especially powerful and we are going to get it through pretty much verse by verse through the chapters and what I meant to start with here is just an overview or an outline for the big picture of the book of Romans of the setting of the book of Romans Paul wrote this while he was in Corinth we believe it was written I believe around fifty eight to sixty A.D. and he was addressing especially the Christians who had migrated to the city of Rome and by this time in the history of the world around was the leading city of the world 's hall have a special burden for keyboard Rahman when he wrote the insistence of the Romans he had not yet been able to shoot travel to that city and so this was sort of the own letter to the Romans to say hey this is the gospel and I hope I can come and preach it to you in person eventually and what we end up getting is probably the most theological exposition of the gospel that is in the Bible helm it's a legal and theological exposition that is unmatched in any of the other epistles of Paul writes and the either backs of horror that comes similar to Romans of the book of Hebrews which is also very powerful book and John that has a different message very different target audience which is specifically the Hebrews and Jerusalem so what's go ahead and look at some of the big picture here what's interesting is Paul wrote this towards the middle of the first century and were around had become the leading center in the world and at that time taken round was the prophetic kingdom of the world if you will we were in the legs of iron so Paul is writing this book and it's directed at the prophetic center of the kingdom of this world and remember if you remember the image from Daniel Chi of the head of gold and silver them brass iron and feet of iron play and the mind about wanting still existed all down to the King is because the head is where the mind is and so from the very beginning of this but the concepts in the book of Romans counter the mindset of Babylonian thinking so that's an interesting point to be made about the book of Romans Romans is written texts counter Babylonian thinking and what's very interesting as we know that table around succeeds Hagan room is the next kingdom of this world and continues to have the Babylonian mind and it was Romans one millimeters the writers here Romans one seventeen that Martin Luther heard it audibly when he was climbing the steps in Rome and he heard the words the just shall live by faith and he realized that what he was doing was meeting and that one verse the just shall live by faith started the Protestant Reformation against raw so here the book of Romans is designed to counter spiritual run and obviously the Protestant Reformation did its work in cable room received a deadly one in seventeen ninety eight and yet when you study Revelation seventeen papal runs in a come back to life them Revelation thirteen tells us that also and it's the message contained within the book of Romans specifically the gospel of Jesus Christ which is the same as the everlasting gospel revelation fourteen that counters spiritual room in the last days so that's why we study room Romans is absolutely crucial it is absolutely vital as you are understanding of being jobs lastly people and Morgan see that as we go through this book so that's what if that's the big picture and I'm not going to get into the details too much ahead of time will just get it to them when they come back if you're planning on coming every week keep reading through the first aid chapter several times each week and then you can start the plug-in concept that as far as the big picture Paul starts off in chapter one with an introduction to verse seventeen specifically the first six verses he essentially defines in big picture outline what the gospel is that he gives a welcome an introduction to the Romans and then he says this is what the gospel was again in verses sixteen and seventeen and then he actually starts to get into the theology of the book starting in verse eighteen and it's interesting will get there Paul starts offer really by fitting an emphasis on the wrath of God the affinity for it out against the wicked and he shows to the wicket are in the last half of chapter one and he describes the wickedness of the wicked in round the tenant chapter Jesus oh by the way hate you Jews if you're breaking the law your image of the wrath of God author so now he sang though this is the playing field is leveled for everyone and then he said as he goes on he introduces the concept of the Goslin chapter three and he introduced the use of the concept of righteousness by faith and the question is left for the grape however possible and chapter four he says well here's your example Abraham he was a righteous man who lived by faith so here's a human example and by the end of the chapters of them by the way it's for you to an chapter five shows us that Adam had an effect on everybody but Christ Christ's effect on the human race can be greater if we cheese and then in chapter six seven eight they don't all save that for when we get there those are so powerful so make sure you don't miss her studies on Romans six seven eight is nothing else you don't want to miss motive most of the chapters in my life is just such a powerful good but still ahead and go to chapter one now and get started the actual need of the book of Romans starting in verse one Paul a servant of Jesus Christ called to be an apostle separated under the gospel of God so inverse wanting its indisputable Paul is the author of Romans pretty basic but the next phrase he is a servant of Jesus Christ and this gives us an important understanding of the gospel because Hall who is a servant of Jesus Christ and he separated under the gospel of God there is a connection between being a servant of Jesus Christ and proclaiming the gospel of God and it wedges that connection while if you look at the meaning of the words serve you are also a foyer which means that if you're a slave to someone you do whatever they say and so Paul is qualified to give the gospel message because he has given his life to God as a served or as a slave so Paul is completely dedicated to the gospel of Jesus Christ to his life is one hundred percent servant hood to Jesus and the concept of being a servant of God is crystal clear in the in chapter six of Romans will get there if you want to know what it means to be a servant of Jesus Christ the concept of being dead to sin is reiterated several times so when me and then you have Romans seven which basically shows the experience of being a slave to sin so Paul is a servant of Jesus Christ and that qualifies him to give the gospel of God and just making a practical application when you look at the three Angels messages the first Angels message describes the everlasting gospel giving being given to every nation kindred tongue and keep if organic years the everlasting gospel to all the world we Whitehall need to be servants of Jesus Christ and that's not a light statement it means to be one hundred percent given to God so Paul is a servant of Jesus Christ that qualifies him the gospel and God is looking for a group of people who will give the three Angels messages which includes the everlasting gospel and he wants us to be servants as well with interesting has when you look at Revelation seven hundred and forty four thousand and described as the servants of God who are sealed and therefore so in its most basic sense perhaps the book of Romans is going to give us understanding of how to become part of the one hundred and forty four thousand to be servants of Jesus Christ Paul was a servant Jesus Christ as he had lived in our day he would be according to the Bible eligible to be among the hundred and forty four thousand and sixteen is giving this gospel in the hopes that the power of the gospel will help others to also have that experience so Paul a servant of Jesus Christ called to be an apostle of this is interesting who called Paul to be an apostle is Jesus on the road to Damascus and it's interesting that when Judas left the twelve he of course committed suicide and after the death of Christ they cast lots she replaced use that was an act that the disciples did in and of themselves the hall was called of God obvious I'm a thing bad about the replacement for Judas he was a godly man that was interesting is that Paul was chosen of God to be an apostle separated under the gospel of God and members she pretty straightforward which he promised afore by his prophets in the holy Scriptures now this is an interesting point a lot of people say they are New Testament Christian New Testament defines what the gospel is today wall if you make that argument all by that as long as you except the fact that if you look in your marginal references Paul is quoting liberally from the Old Testament throughout the book of Romans to prove what the gospel is case in point when he says the just shall live by faith corn from Habakkuk chapter two verse four and there's many other places you can just put down your marginal reading as we get into the meat of the book of Romans but Hall quotes liberally from the Old Testament he's trying to show to Jews and Gentiles that the gospel that he is about to preach is actually not a new gospel he's just distilling it down to a very concentrated form but it's always been it's always been in the Scriptures and you find it in Genesis three fifteen that's pretty early on in the Old Testament so all Hall of Fame head what I mean it's not tell you about it's been promised a long time before the prophets in the Old Testament and now it is going to talk about it further and Paul does a powerful job and crystallizing what the gospel is he condenses the Old Testament but he doesn't negate the Old Testament he uplifts and exalts the Old Testament as a source for what he's going to say now if you notice in your Bible verse 's shoe is in parentheses so verse three is ten a direct continuation of the thought that we had in verse one and verse one give the idea okay Paul is going to tell us what the gospel is this is what he setting us up for he's a servant of Jesus Christ season apostle separated to the gospel of God he makes a parenthetical statement anniversary to the Bible says concerning so what's the work concerning related to the gospel of God the that he's talking about so the gospel of God is concerning and we see what verse three says his son Jesus Christ our Lord so and we know that the word gospel means good news that's pretty straightforward something good news of the gospel is about Jesus Christ I thought I'd hear an amen for that that phrase the Lord for Jesus Christ and an we see how Jesus describes he is our Lord so right there you have the concept of servant hood to Christ because when you're a servant or a slave you're a serving earth or a slave to your Lord so Paul was serving to his Lord Jesus Christ and the very first thing that he says really about the gospel is is that Jesus is our Lord and for going to experience the kidneys he needs to be our Lord he needs to be number one in the last one of them mean for Jesus to be Lord of our life that means that we willingly do you whatever he says him him that the the rules of the game so to speak between servant and more the servant obeys his Lord now that may sound bad and yes I was saying this is the gospel this is good knees Jesus is our Lord so if Jesus as our Lord and we willingly obey whatever he asks us indeed that means that it must be good whatever he's going to ask this and you must be a good thing because what he's talking about is the gospel that makes sense so the gospel is a Jesus as our Lord we serve in another good thing and so the gospel is about Jesus Christ our Lord so the variances so we see the gospel is all about Jesus Christ he is our Lord and the very next thing we see in verse three we see is that he was made of the seed of David according to the flesh now the question is what is the good knees about Jesus being made of the seed of David according to the flesh of all all of us are born according to the flesh we don't have that choice when we are born we are born of the flesh you can see that concept clearly in Psalms fifty one and Jesus came from the line of David which is of the tribe of Judah and assume the first thing that he's trying to show here is that hate Jesus came from the line of David and all the cheese made that Jesus was the Messiah I should say the Messiah would come through the tribe of Judah from the line of David so the fact that Jesus came from that wine was evidence of his Messiah should but there's clearly something keep her shoe being made of the seed of David according to the flesh than just coming from that that line and what Paul is getting and we will see this later in the book is that we all have a flush to contend with and Jesus contended with that as well and because of that we can have victory and the fruit for that is the threat alike at X high X scientific structure here you go to Romans eight in the same idea comes up I will point this particular point out in Romans chapter eight versus three and four Romans chapter eight verse three it says for what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh God sending his own son in the likeness of sinful flesh and force them condemned sin in the flesh but the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us you walk not after the flesh but after the spirit so Jesus came according to the biblical terminology in the likeness of sinful flesh because of that but how or him and the flash was condemned by the life of Christ because Christ demonstrated that sin doesn't have to have dominion or power over the flash anymore and in verse four because sin was condemned in the flesh we see that the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us who walk not after the flesh but after the spirit so Paul doesn't been a whole lot of time explaining that in Romans chapter one verse three bases making that as a an introductory point to say the fact that Jesus came in the flesh is a huge part of the gospel of Jesus Christ is one of the very first things he points out in the book of Romans in with respect to the gospel of Jesus Christ that Jesus is our Lord and he was made of the seed of David according to the flesh and that's good knees for each one of us because we all live in the flesh now so there's hope for us yes in verse four he goes on to say that Jesus is declared to be the son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead and what's interesting is the concept of Christ's death on the cross is implied here the fact he was resurrected from the dead means that he clearly had to die and so obviously Christ's death on the cross is is being touched upon the Paul is specifically talking now how Christ was resurrected from the dead before we get there starting in verse choices he declared to be the son of God with power said the other element of the kidneys is that Jesus is the son of God and in its most basic sense we know John three sixteen which is a powerful earth thoughtful of the world he gave his only begotten son that who so ever believes in him might not but have everlasting life through Jesus is the son of God and he's the son of God with power when Jesus was here on this Earth he demonstrated the power of God and each one of us can have that same power and inverse forces according to the spirit of holiness the power of God will bring the spirit of holiness in our lives which is a powerful thought and it's interesting to see him Severus by saying he declared to be the son of God with power according to the spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead so Hall is setting in emphasis here on the resurrection of Christ now is a lot of times when we think about the gospel many friends of other faiths hope that the emphasis on the cross and that Jesus died for our send an invite away that that's crucial that we could visit there we don't want to undermine them by any means if Jesus and I am across than he would've been resurrected in such an the next steps after that would never happen for the cross was focal point to the gospel though Paul is emphasizing fear that Christ was resurrected from the dead and is interesting if you if you go to first Corinthians chapter fifteen Paul expounds on the concept of the resurrection because some people believe and some cheers who would've been sad to see huge or trying to mingle that was being Christians accepted the belief that there was no resurrection from the dead and Paul counters that argument starting in verse four for Sprint in fifteen races now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead but if there be no resurrection of the dead then is Christ not risen and if Christ be not risen then is our preaching vain and your face is off of me and then he goes on the same for sixteen forth the dead rise not and is not Christ raised over seventeen and if Christ be not raised your faith is vain year yet in yourself now because that's an interesting concept she sang if Christ was resurrected from the dead he would still be in your son which gives us the idea that there removal of our sentence there is more to it than the cross because Paul is saying if Christ died on the cross but he wasn't resurrected you are yet in your center you are still in your son an interesting him verse nineteen Jesus is in this life only we have hope in Christ we are of all men most miserable and that one word the only other time fuse is the latest see in church but sort of an aside the point away to see is the Laodiceans think that they're going to heaven but they actually only have hope in Christ in this life because the wretched miserable poor blind and naked that's a separate issue but the point that policymaking is Christ's resurrection from the dead is essential to our salvation and one other versa sure this is in the book of Romans verse twenty five or speaks of Christ in us as she was delivered for our offenses and was raised again for our justification for Romans four verse twenty five source here in round four twenty five that Jesus was raised again for our justification which obviously in order to be saved we must be justified enough I think all Christians love whatever faith would agree in order to be saved you need to be justified according to talk about what needs to be justified as we go through the back which is the most important point of all that but in order to be justified Christ must be resurrected from the dead which means that what happened after Christ died is also import and QR justification for our salvation just as the cross is important to our salvation of crisis and I'm across we can be saved if Christ is a resurrected we can be saved which means that if Christ can go to heaven to minister for us in the heavenly sanctuary will still be in our sins because if he stays in the grave dear finish the word in the sanctuary then we'll still be in our sons and the simple illustration of this is just a look at the sanctuary concept in the courtyard is for the sacrifice take the place for the cross happened anyhow the holy place and when you have the most holy place and the final removal of the final atonement if you will take place in the muscle if nothing happened this concept that I make out no apologies for that because of the biblical and Paul and I don't know what other Christians do to save you time was finished at the cross when they when you see versus the faith he was raised again for our justification because if the account was completed at the cross why would he need to be raised for our justification so what we we have here is a picture of the introduction of the gospel he continues here in verse five is by whom we have received grace and apostleship so here's the concept of grace coming in what we receive from Christ because he was made of the seed of David according to the flesh because he was resurrected from the dead what we receive his grace and apostleship and we all need God 's grace in order to be saved because none of us deserve salvation so we received grace from God and apostleship now what is that grace and apostleship for he says in the same sentence the Grayson apostleship is for obedience to the faith among all nations for his name but that's interesting because some people say that God 's grace enables you keep sending and grace care reading your say and what the Bible is saying is that we receive God 's grace for obedience to the faith among all nations for his name of a marginal reading for obedience of the phase is to view deviance of faith and you can get entry-level discussion about the difference between the Sunnis but the bottom line is is that faith and obedience are connected you can have faith without obedience and you can be obedient without faith and the way to have obedience and faith is by the grace of God and that the biblical concept of God 's grace so when we received grace and apostleship we receive power to review beauty and to the faith among all nations for his name and then verse six among whom are you also called of Jesus Christ now that in in a nutshell those first six verses is Paul's introduction to the gospel you can can't see where he's going with the big picture of Romans in this first six verses being a servant of Christ Christ is our Lord and Jesus was made of the seed of David according to the flesh and he was resurrected from the dead for salvation and with the grace that we receive we are obedient to the faith that God has given to us now be the next ten verses are so is sort of his introduction of hair I can't wait to see the type of thing and will despair through this briefly starting in verse seven to all that be in Rome beloved of God called to be saints Grace to you and peace from God our father and the Lord Jesus Christ first I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world one be nice if our faith with further throughout the whole world the people in Rome their faith was spoken of throughout the whole world and there is coming a time when there will be a group of people to have faith that is spoken of throughout the whole world and those people will have that phase through a correct understanding of the gospel of Jesus Christ you look around and the Bible of course and so I look forward to the day when God has a group of people whose faith is spoken of throughout the whole world for God is my witness whom I serve with my spirit in the Gospel of the son that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers and muffin object was nasty we pray for our fellow believers without cease verse ten making request if by any means now think I might have a prosperous journey by the will of God and he for I want to see that I may impart any some spiritual gift to the end you may be established that is that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me and if the basic point that there is high spiritual value in getting together with like-minded believers to encourage each other and Hebrews ten twenty five pulses don't first take is someone of yourself together if you start mailing in a home church with year one other person you don't get the same values when you come with us on larger group of believers Nokia live out in the middle of nowhere worth just you and one other person praise the Lord but if you're avoiding the symbol among the faithful you're missing out on God 's blessing for searching now I would not have you ignorant brethren that often times I purposed to come on the butt with liability that I might have some fruit among you also even as among other Gentiles I am debtor both to the Greeks and the barbarians both to the wise and the unwise so as much as in me is I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are around all so now he's come back to this concept of preaching the gospel and he's going to be preaching to those who are around NNM verse sixteen he says for I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ for it is a power of God and the salvation to everyone that believes us to the Jew first and also to the Greek for therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith as it is written the just shall live by faith and were not enough time to really get developers to sixteen seventeen is really the last few minutes here for prayer time but what I will say about verse sixteen is halted I'm not ashamed of the gospel of Christ now everybody likes to say that because everybody has a definition of the gospel everybody likes to talk about how while not ashamed of the gospel of Christ and that's good that you gives the idea it's sort of implied that she and only speaking there is a shame to the gospel of Christ humanly speaking and we've started such die but humanly speaking true of you wants to be a slave to anybody else I'm enough of themselves are great at again we talked about that if you're a slave to God or a servant to God then what he told us to do is going to be good and it's going to be good news but humanly speaking there is an element of human shame that I have surrendered or said that in my life to the control of somebody else and Paulus and I'm not ashamed of that I N I M him only one hundred percent in the service of God as his service as a slave and nothing you say is in a make me ashamed that I am not ashamed of the gospel of Jesus Christ and then he says for it is the power of God and the salvation secure it he uses the word salvation and the word power is the Greek word unanimous which means dynamite which means there is its close of power in the gospel of Jesus Christ the phases there is the gospel is not lacking in power save each one of us and noticed this to everyone who believes to the Jew first and also to the Greek warrior to see as we get to the book is that the Jews and the Greeks of all sense of their own condemnation of the Jews and the Greeks are all eligible to be saved by the gospel of Jesus Christ and the last thing I'm going to send Morgan a breakup for prayer time is that that the gospel of Jesus Christ brings salvation to everyone who believes now and Jen struck its use of the bill the devils believe often trembled out of them they're not say and what were going to see as we go through the book of Romans were NSC the demonstration of what it means to believe in how Abraham believed Romans forces Abraham believed God and it was counted to him for righteousness what he did will study and in the end of chapter four says if we believe we will have righteousness imputed to us so there is a deep meaning to the word believe to everyone who believes it's not all the status is modest enough to say what I believe Jesus died on the cross because the devils believe that to another the necessarily save edits for everyone to the Jew first and also to the Greek soreness stop there in the next we will pick up in verse seventeen and what were going to see is what we'll talk a little bit about the just living by faith and then the last half of the chapter Paul spends all of that time developing the concept of the wrath of God which seems sort of opposites the good news of Jesus Christ and you'll see why he does so what were going to do now work in a break up into groups the gray and if you have special prayer request bring them up in your your small group will break up into groups of three or four and was try to be be finished by eight o'clock and I would urge you if there's some things in the book of Romans that are convicting you about your life are you really a servant of Christ are you still hanging on the things that prevent you from being his servant and he experienced the power of God these are good things the pray about in our prayer time as well we can make our prayers practical as well said in the net and at eight o'clock on all wrapped up with a closing prayer six in the groups of three or four and spend the next several minutes praying and then we will come back and finish up to get it it o'clock

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