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Hebrews 1:1-9: Introduction and Divinity of Christ

Norman McNulty


Norman McNulty

Neurologist at Southern Tennessee Regional Health System, Lawrenceburg, TN



  • March 28, 2009
    9:00 AM
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him to morning everyone can see you here finally start with the word affair and will get right NC our study in the book of Hebrews off our heads father in heaven we thank you for the Sabbath day we pray that you would bless us as we start this new study on the book of Hebrews may we learn things that will be helpful for us our journey to heaven we pray this in Jesus ninety nine RI or stay to see each one of you here and I always enjoy starting a new class and I'm particularly excited about studying the book of Hebrews together up here this is a powerful backend the New Testament and were going to talk about the reasons for it being written and what the purpose for the book is personally I have found it to be a very helpful book in the understanding of Seventh-day Adventist theology jests for starters in the murky Hebrews is an interesting back in that it starts off immediately with a theological exposition it doesn't start off with the author saying Paul a servant of Jesus Christ to the Hebrews in Jerusalem or anything of that nature to start off directly with a theological introduction there is very few books in the Bible X actually like that we think of the book of John we take effect in the book of Genesis Hebrews is also a lifetime also when it comes to the authorship of the Hebrews 's modern scholars have a big debate overshoot actually wrote the book if you watch at the setting for the book it was written in sixty six A.D. which was written for years before the fall of Jerusalem and so for those few say that it was written after the fall of Jerusalem it will become hard to pray for those who say it was written in the first century and that it wasn't Paul it would be hard to argue that because this book was written while the city of Jerusalem was still standing and so that at least keeps polymer running from that stamp the other thing is people say well Paul and his other thistles the way he wrote is different than the way he writes or whoever's running Hebrews right and the other epistles Paul loosely quotes the Old Testament he quotes the Old Testament but in the book of Hebrews the Old Testament is being quoted word for word so therefore it can be Paul will think about the setting of Paul when he wrote those other epistles he would sometimes write a short letter to the Galatians are the Ephesians while he was on a ship somewhere and he hastily wrote off a letter the book of Hebrews hall would have written it from a prison cell we where he would've had all the time in the world and make sure that you got everything exactly right word for word slag heaps form of running as well and find her a couple of other points and Hebrews ten Paul R is the author makes the point that the just shall live by faith Paul makes that very same point in Romans once we see some similarities there and finally last but not least on White says that Paul wrote the book of Hebrews now in my particular Bible it says the epistle of Paul the apostle to receive research this is an Oxford King James version Bible said the people who compiled the King James version also thought that always was the author of the reset so that's that particular point now we believe that the book of Hebrews Hebrews was written in sixty six A.D. now what is the significance or around sixty six eighty one B heavily armed thought about it what is the significance of that time for the Hebrew people that claim to be Christians if you read the Becky Sievers you can see that Paul is writing this book with the understanding that this is readers are our Hebrew there are Jewish and I also believe that Jesus is the Messiah so they're Jewish Christian that says and send the target audience so what were the significance then be of this book banning written and sixty six eighty year around that time both you think about history four years later the city of Jerusalem was destroyed by the Roman army so what about the social of Hebrews would be important to the Jewish Christians living in the city Jerusalem if you remember Jesus and the book of Matthew tells his followers that when you see the abomination of desolation the Roman armies surrounding the city flee the city at that point the problem with the GU the Jewish Christians however was even though Jesus said that shortly before he item thirty one A.D. by the sixties over thirty years later the jeers had the Jewish Christians had not yet built around Tabernacle for worship they still worshiped in the Temple they still participated in the Jewish ceremonies and they still kept all the rites and ceremonies and even though the Jerusalem Council had taken place in acts chapter fifteen where Hall comes back from his journeys to the Gentiles and says what's how God is blessing and we aren't circumcising the Gentiles and God 's blessing is anyway in the Holy Spirit is being poured out on the Gentiles just as I have known of the clearly circumcised circumcision shouldn't be a determining factor on salvation and all of that at the Jerusalem Council if you read acts chapter fifteen the Jewish leaders said fine the Gentile Christians don't need to participate in the Jewish ceremonies however just a few things donate food offered to idols don't you think that her strangled things like that but when it came to the Jews the Jews basically said hey Ricky directness this is what were you severe and we think this is a perfectly good thing that it and after the Jerusalem Council years later Paul comes back to Jerusalem and the issue comes up again where the Jews are saying hey Paul you're telling the Gentiles that they don't have to have to keep the law many the ceremonial law are you telling people that the law of Moses is an important unit the Jews are certain to question either Jewish Christians and and were worried about this you're losing your influence with the Jewish Christians and so Paul and order such rights you him the favor of the Jewish Christian you can read about this and asked twenty one Paul takes a bow where he purifies himself and goes to the sample and shaves his head it was the Jewish ceremony the ironic thing is Paula 's going around teaching the Gentiles you don't have to do these purification things that the Jews do any more because when Christ died on the cross those things are no longer body yes the ten kilometers the Linux but all those years termite you have to do any more of them Paul comes the Jerusalem in order to try to keep the insides of the Jews see goes through this valve shaves himself and what happens he gets recognized immediately by the non-Christian Jews in the Temple he gets arrested and he is a prisoner the remainder of his life and Alomar tells us that the effectiveness of his ministry was cut short because of that decision so think about Paul now Paul has the rest of his life as a prisoner to think about how you can bowing to the fresher of the Jewish Christians to try to show the hand still part of the team here even though he's preaching that you have to do the ceremonies how that cut short his ministry so Paul had invested interest in trying to help the Jewish Christians not make the same mistake that he made that cut short the effectiveness effectiveness of his ministry and Paul of all of the apostles you might argue with perhaps the most ideologically estate not the minimized here are John or the other than John wrote Revelation and separate the Paul had an outstanding knowledge of the Old Testament and Paul Nguyen that according to the words of Christ the city of Jerusalem was going be destroyed with clear in Matthew chapter twenty four Jerusalem with him to be destroyed and what would happen to all of these Jewish Christians who still thought that the sample was a centerpiece of their worship if if you're Jewish Christian you've accepted Christ as their Savior he's the Messiah that yet you believe that the center of worship silver wreath revolves around the sample in Jerusalem if Jerusalem and and simple are destroyed and that's where you are placing it on the center of your worship your God has some serious issues when Jerusalem is destroyed and the Paul understood that there was a great danger for the Jewish Christians so just a few years three to four five years before Jerusalem is destroyed the book of Hebrews arrives on the scene now do we know if this book was effective it was how do we know first of all we are told by the story and also by Ellen White that not one Jewish Christian modular life in the siege of Jerusalem number two you could say I will not find they follow the words of Christ and he said when you see the city surrounding get out of there so good you know how we know Hebrews was effective will consider this the Jewish Christians were so adamant about continuing to observe the ceremonial law that they basically convinced Hall to do you a valve that ended up getting him arrested and taken taken to prison and you would say that yes they were still that Adam after they left the city as the Jewish Christians dispersed into the others cities around the world as they did and they started to worship with other Christians which would be gentle our Christian faith are the ceremony along with the important don't you think they would have tried to have impose that system on the other Christians around the world they wouldn't have if they still believed it was important but there is no record of them doing that which tells us that whatever Paul said in the book of Hebrews convinced the Jewish Christians behave the ceremonial law that we were continuing to do has no force now because of what Christ did so it was a very effective for and were in a study some of the things that Paul teaches that convinced the Jewish Christians of that time that they no longer needed to enforce the ceremonial system any annual you would have to think that the Jewish Christians he loved Paul Antony saw how his ministry was cut short how that a book like this would have a lot more forces he's writing them in any thing hey look what happened to me see what happened to me you don't want that to happen to you here's what we really should be focusing on so it was effective now was the book of Hebrews written exclusively and only for the Jewish Hebrews of that time shoot help them escape Jerusalem on the run Arctic Army 's surrounded the city and the short answer to that is not how I know that while in Matthew chapter twenty four the words of Christ were intended to save the gees from the destruction of Jerusalem however is Matthew chapter twenty four only for the Jewish Christians to help save them from the destruction of Jerusalem not also forgot the last day people to help us to be ready for the second coming Christ and it's interesting the way Paul writes a book of Hebrews it has the same type of application you see this in verses one and she races God at sundry times eight and five South am paraphrasing here through the front of the fathers from the virtue hath in these last days spoken under us by his son and what's interesting as he says in these last days in Matthew chapter twenty four Christ was not distinguished the last days from the destruction of Jerusalem and the second coming and so Paul is basically saying these last days applies the destruction of Jerusalem as for the words of Christ it flies to the end of the world if Christ can make that application Paul can see a main Christ is God and Paul speaking an enhanced version of the Holy Spirit makes the same applications that the book of Hebrews is not just for the Jewish Christians although it certainly had a huge emphasis on being applied in that way but it's also forgot lastly people now see our down time here in case of her so that's sort of a basic introduction to the need of the book of Hebrews that's what's interesting that is if you look at the theme of the book of Hebrews just running quickly through the chapters here on how I think it's good to lay a foundation for kind of where were headed chapter one of the book of Hebrews fruits among many other things that primarily that Jesus is God and in the sea receptor one per se the father speaking to the senses my throne O God is forever and ever so someone presently will Jesus family wasn't divine love the father himself calls Jesus a God said the reformers it is one of the best verses we have to show that Jesus is God and receivers chapters the primary point is that Jesus was truly made an verse fourteen Paul makes a very clear forth much that the children are protectors of flesh and blood speaking of Christ he also himself likewise took part of the same so I don't have any more ways you can say that Jesus was a man he also himself likewise took part of the same and at the end of the chapter the concept of Christ as our high priest and then average chapter three verse twenty says wherefore holy brother particularly calling consider the apostle and high Priest of our profession Christ Jesus so because Jesus was God because Jesus is a man that qualified him to be our high priest after the Jews they should take note because they follow the earthly high priests in the sample and how Paula sang hey Jesus is our heavenly high priest and then he goes on to say by the way of speaking UG 's here in chapter three remember how your father 's hardened their hearts in the wilderness and refuse to believe God and so they died in the wilderness make sure you don't do the same thing with this message that I'm getting to you and any other chapter four and says what not the thing not to do you is is what your fathers to be here is what you enter into God 's rest how to answer they got dressed on the seventh day Sabbath so the Hebrews the book of Hebrews uplifts the seventh day Sabbath and says this is the place to find rest in Christ what is that mean study that as we get through the book in Hebrews five six and seven on Vista has him high points here Christ crisis showdown to be high priest and he's contrasted with the earthly priest and the jeers system they shown to be after the priesthood of the order of milk to the deck which shows that he is a better priest than the earthly so what policy hesitate if you're following these earthly priest you're following the wrong freeze the priest to follow is Jesus Christ and then in chapter eight verse twenty fifth under the first seven chapters written needs to prove that Christ is our high priest to set the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens which we has a sanctuary and Yolanda share that the new covenant is a better covenant and the old code and the cut new covenant is that God will writers want our hearts and minds and chapter nine he shares that there was a sanctuary here on earth but now Christ is in the sanctuary in heaven and out of the better sanctuary in the sanctuary on earth it's better than the Temple in Jerusalem so don't go to the Temple in Jerusalem to find Christ it is a sanctuary in heaven the fine that's for our high priest and some people say while Hebrews nine proves that Christ went under the most holy place when he ascended no it doesn't the word to Hagy throughout she chapter nine means holy places which means holy place and most fully placed and not check in nine verse three specifically the most holy places described were talked about after the second veil which implies there would be a first veil is well so if Christ is entered into the now it can be the first seller or the second rail and after the second rail also if I think the word he uses here is hacking I had Jan which means most holy place everywhere else because I had idea which means holy places that outlet some scholar theologians argue that Hebrews proves that Christ went to the monthly place no it done not nodded his ascension and then he missed Sammy here's more about the new covenant will get there your mother just living by faith Hebrews eleven shares that hear her people that have lived by faith down through the centuries whether in the Old Testament were the New Testament thought at the very end if he was eleven years we see that God has provided something better for his last day people and anti- rooster twelve we see a description of how to become part of a hundred and forty four thousand looking at a Jesus the author and finisher of faith ran a race with patients that is set before us which is this description of God 's people mattered and forty four thousand continuing on chapter twelve we see that Paul is saying like this raise leads us in verse twenty two to malathion by three hundred and forty four thousand and to the city of the living God the heavenly Jerusalem which is not the earthly Jerusalem and then he goes on and Chapter thirteen and he says starting in verse twelve wherefore Jesus Lovelady might sanctify the people with his own blood suffered without the need to let us go forth therefore under him without the help bearing his reproach first here we have no continuing city but we seek one become synonymous how Paul ends this book is like like Jesus died outside the city Jerusalem and afforded a fine thing we need to go outside the city of Jerusalem as well because here on this Earth we have no continuing city that means Jerusalem is not wife to find Christ if Morgan a fine price we need to come out of this city Jerusalem shoe where he died on the cross then that's where we will find an juicy check that message to heart were not lost when the city of Jerusalem was destroyed here's an interesting application certain when I wouldn't call it the primary application of the but he was by any means it's interesting that just before and as we've seen Paul says in these last days God is sending of the message Matthew twenty four is about the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world and so the message for God 's people in these last days before the destruction of Jerusalem was coming out of the city of Jerusalem it's interesting and the last days before Jesus comes there's also a message to come out of another city by Harris is the primary application is an application you can may that as the gospel goes to the world as Jesus says it will Matthew twenty four that part of that message is to cut all God 's people out of Babylon and those people who come out of Babylon they recognize the words of Christ about the abomination of desolation and as modern day round takes actions that endanger God 's people again God 's people will come out of Babylon and down anyways and that's just an application that we can make and how do we do that we find Christ in the sanctuary as our high Priest so the book of Hebrews if you wanted to set up theologically into a C Christ fulfilled the ceremonial law by his wife and his death and we find salvation completely through Jesus Christ through his death on the cross and his ministry and century in heaven now so we do not find Christ in the old ceremonies that's not where to find correct anyone the place to find Christ now is in the sanctuary and have so that's sort of an introduction to the book of Hebrews and we might be able to actually do chapter one now in the remaining fifteen minutes there's fourteen versus tourists start with hubris chapter one and now it were bacteria of book of the Bible study where this will be a little bit more interactive than her history class was that there volunteered to read here's chapter one verses one three three with a microphone on it I'm a volunteer to read have chapter one verses one to three and God bless sundry times and in divers manners spake in the past unto the fathers by the prophets hath in these last days spoken unto us by his son whom he has appointed their hair of all things by whom also he made the world who being the brightness of his glory and the express image of his person and upholding all things by the word of his power when he had by himself purged our sins sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high and these first three verses basically if you unpack it I unpacked the entire theology of the entire book of Hebrew this describes you Jesus is and what he's dealing and if the message is about eighty percent notice how starts off in God in the past they chew us by the prophets that now he speaking to us through his son now the first point to make here for modern-day Christians you say we are new covenant Christians in the Old Testament doesn't matter anymore Paul is this explicitly saying what God spoke in the Old Testament the down diminishes word in the Old Testament to further prove that point if you read the book of Hebrews Paul quotes from the Old Testament word for word in multiple places so he uses the Old Testament to prove his new covenant point of the Old Testament certainly have a prominent place in the word of God even in the New Testament so God spoke through the Old Testament and the passage that now in these last days think about this the message for the last days is so important that God spoke to us directly through his son with respect to the fall of Jerusalem is the words of Christ that keep us from being deceived and that say this with respect to the second coming of the words of Christ directly that God speaks through S to help save us to be ready for his second coming and God so wants us to be saved that he didn't entrust the last they message primarily to anyone else besides his son and so in these last days God has spoken to us by his him him whom he hath appointed heir of all things by him often in the world and when we think of ethics rice as the inner can we think of a place in the Bible speaks of Christ as the air with respect to the Jewish people in Matthew chapter twenty one we have the familiar parable of this make reference to that you have the parable of the vineyard and the husbandman sends survey after survey and each of the servants is accosted by the people who are supposed to be sending it in finally the husband says you know what finally I'll send my thoughts on the listen to him and I'm on the sinus that the people say hey this is the air let's kill him and sees the inheritance and so what what Paul is alluding to here in the book of Hebrews is a you and I got a few of us are the fathers by the prophets and help all those profits were disrespected by our forefathers the Jewish leaders hey have you got some sun also he was crucified but he still spoke to us through the son and so that that's the first point to be made Christ is a air as you state Romans chapter a interesting that there was few follow Christ and become sons and daughters of God become partakers of the inheritance as well to Christ 's error but we issue follow Christ become partakers of the inheritance about the beautiful message in a synthesis by whom also he made the world so now Christ the son Keith error and he creates for so the same person who came to this world as a son and he died for us and he spoke about the destruction of Jerusalem and in the world these the same person you created this world now if Paul is saying that Jesus is created for he indirectly making reference to Genesis one as he's making reference to Genesis one to say hey you know in the past when Moses the prophets focus instead God created the world in six literal days and rested the seventh this is the one Jesus Christ who made the world in six literal days and rested the seventh so Paul is validating Genesis one and he is showing us to create in the world so Jesus is the son is Eric and he's created for Amherst three who being the brightness of his glory and ask the express image of his person and upholding all things by the word of his power when he had by himself purged our sins sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high so Jesus with the express damage of God and the brightness of the glory of God now when you study Exodus thirty three thirty four glory of God is the character of God so Jesus as the express image in the brightness of the glory of God is the express is the expression perfectly and the character of God the father Jesus perfectly represented God 's character and noticed this and he upholds all things by the word of his power this is interesting we understand that God is creator how did God create and God said and God said and God said and there was and there was the when God spoke it happen that's how God is creator and notice here says Seattle holds all things by the word of his power so if you want it's happy again to the power of the treaty tour this is where you find in the word of God and this word is so powerful that it can re-create our lives just as God created the world and God is so powerful desire Jesus was so powerful that he was the express image of the father so if you want some power in your life the person he is the express image of God the father this is his word and this is where to find the power of God and notice of this he upholds all things by the word of his power when he had by himself purged our sins sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high stenosis Christ purged our sins where did he do that on the cross what a year after he died for our sins he sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high words that of the sanctuary in heaven to notice what we have here the message of Christ Christ is the son of God who is in the air and he made the world so he's created for he is the express image of God character and with in Christ this contains a power of God whereby the way the word power there is the Greek word Gamez which means done on and see her start because he's our Savior he was the sacrifice and he sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high Caesar might freak Jesus is the son who is the heir who is the creator tour who is the express image of God 's character who has all the power of God 's word with him and he died for our sins as our sacrifice which makes them our Savior and he is in the heavenly sanctuary other high priest and in a nutshell that is the message of the book of Hebrews and the rest of the book of Hebrews is going to expand on who Jesus Christ is and the rest of this book is to show us a Jesus really is God you better listen and he was trafficked you can say hey you know what he actually can name in flesh and blood and all things is mad like his brethren so that he can be our high priest and an end that just goes on from there throughout the rest of the book 's was continued in verses four and five have a volunteer to read Hebrew chapter one verses four and five right back here having become having become so much that is any justice as he has by inheritance obtained and why I mean and a regulation in this real estate you are my son today I have begotten you and again I will need to him a father and ye shall be to me as I'm one of the things that you'll fear the book of Hebrews is that there is a comparison of something better throughout the book of Hebrews chapter one Christ's is better than the Angels in him and why is he better than the Angels because our inheritance he is the heir he is the son these obtain a more excellent name than the angels but here's the interesting thing again your back to Romans eight we can be partakers of this inherent that's amazing so he has obtained a more excellent name than the angels he is the son of God and for Underwood city Angel city at any time thou are my son this day have I begotten thee and again I will be to him a father he shall be amused at all reverse extra to complete a thought and again he bring it in the first begot another world he said and let all the angels of God worship him now in Hebrews chapter one verse five we see that the father says thou are my son this day have I begotten the now we say less fine yeah we know John three sixteen that Jesus is the only begotten son of God and so here we say here we see that Jesus is begotten that specifically number six exists he is the first begotten of the father is there a difference between being the only begotten son of God and the first begotten and the answer obviously is yes if you're the only begotten son of God that means you are the one and only that means that your father had one son and that's it forever but if you're the first begotten son of God that could mean that there are more sons and daughters after the first begotten and you get if you are back to Romans eight where we see that we can become the sons of God and the daughters that we are particularly and had what that's all of us is that Jesus is the first begotten and that we can become second through fourth and fifty got other question is when did Jesus become the first begotten and Hebrews one verse five is that there are mice on this day have I begotten me if you get a act chapter thirteen verse thirty three and interest the final display what it says in the context of the day that Christ was resurrected from the dead is the day that the father said thou are my son this day have I begotten the other Jesus became the first begotten on the day of his resurrection and when he was resurrected it made it possible because you die first and was resurrected that those of us see through faith except Senator Savior that we need time sons and daughters of God and we can second third fourth fifth on in as many as possible the gotten sons and daughters of God and because of that God said let all the angels of God worship number seven and of the angels he says he maketh his angels spirits and his ministers a flame of fire members eight years here's one of the key points that under the sun he saith thy throne O God is for ever and ever a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Viking thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity therefore God even my God has anointed me with the oil of gladness above myself now this is probably where we are going to end things the dam will pick up the rest of chapter one a guided strategy next week notice that in Hebrews one verse three it says Christ first our sense and that he is now sat he sat down the right hand of the Majesty on high and he read a verse one is as you said on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty I have so Jesus when he seated at the right hand of the Majesty on high he is serving as our high Priest and that's at the throne of God now what are the principles of the threat of his throne or of his kingdom the king will sit on his throne one of the principles of the kingdom upon the throne which Christ said the principles are righteous for the principles of Christ kingdom are the key principle of Christ kingdom is righteous so what is Christ giving is our high priest seated on the throne of God he ceded their ministering on the principle of righteousness and what gives him the right to minister on the authority or on the principle of righteousness verse nine says thou hast loved righteousness and hated iniquity when did Christ love righteousness and hated iniquity primarily in his life here on this Earth and because Christ lived here on this earth loving righteousness and hated iniquity that gave him the right to sit on the throne of God with the principle of righteousness being the principle of his kingdom at interesting to the latest in church Christ says to him that overcomes why grant to sit with me in my throne even as I also overcame somehow to Christ over time he loved righteousness and hated inequity and that's the principle of this king is so you could say that the message of the book of Hebrews applies the latest in church because Christ shows us how to overcome he loves righteousness and hated iniquity and out of the United States for so many times we don't really like righteousness even though we know write him we want in which they will learn how may not give I really wanted the crisis and overcome as I overcame one of righteousness heated front of the Johnson are many things I continue her study liberty Hebrews starting next week will finish chapter one in the chapter she


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