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Ellen White and the Civil War- Part 2

Jud Lake


Jud Lake is Professor of Preaching and Adventist Studies in the School of Religion at Southern Adventist University where he has taught since 1997. He is a passionate advocate of Ellen White's prophetic ministry and directs the Institute for the Study of Ellen G. White and Adventist Heritage. Addtionally, he has written numerous scholarly and professional articles, authored the book, Ellen White Under Fire, and edits the website, ellenwhiteanswers.org.




  • October 22, 2016
    4:00 PM
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We have talked about Ellen White's forecast. I'll read it again from testimonies Volume one page two sixty two. Then it was explained this is after she described the angel intervening in the battle. Then it was explained that God had this nation in his own hand and would not suffer victories to be gained faster than here day and would permit no more losses to the Northern man that in his wisdom he saw fit to punish them for their sins I spoke of the significance of the statement God has this nation in his own hand and by the way that's the thesis of my book the title of my book at least the proposed title of the press me change and they said they want to play with a little bit but what I'm proposing is a nation in God's hands. The Civil War visions of Illinois. Because that right there is a central theme throughout my book and I want to tell you is it that encouraging for today. If he had this nation in his hands then he still has this nation in his hands as we face this crazy election. And the future. You know one of these these two good candidates. Something like that. I find to be very encouraging God still has this nation in his hands and even in spite of troponin Hillary. He is in control and will preserve this nation or punish it as is necessary. So let's focus on the last part. Let me analyze that what she's saying here is that this victory would not come quickly and easily though God would not suffer victories to be gained faster than he or Dana would permit no more losses to the north of them in that in his wisdom he saw fit. The words to suffer and permit indicate it suffers the same thing as permit just a different way of saying the word suffer permit indicate the divine displeasure with the North because of its compromises with the slave holding self as I spoke of earlier summarized earlier at the beginning of this particular vision white set forth her view very clearly God is punishing this nation for the high crime of slavery her indictment included. Both sides in the war he will punish the south for the sin of slavery and the North for so long suffering it's over reaching over and over bury influence. She said that earlier in this chapter will she describe the. Yet he has the destiny of this nation in his hands. So the fact that he holds this nation in his hands means you will preserve it. But he will also punish it as well and he would do so through the battles victory would come but it would be a long protracted victory but momentum would take place only as the union began to be more in harmony with God's ways and dispense with slavery that happen too. I believe God's key agent one of his key agents Abraham Lincoln accordingly God would not let the north experience victory out of his blessing in pleasure. But out of his patience and tolerance. He were permitted battle losses out of his wisdom to humble and punish the North the victories would keep the south from crushing the north in the last as would humble it to the point of repentance and there are some low points where the North was on its knees literally. In the war. Thus ultimate victory would come slowly and painfully Now the statement should be coupled with another statement she made about a fast that God has chosen. She talked about she was condemning the national fast and she said God's fast is to end slavery Lincoln and called for national fast in September of of eight hundred sixty one and L Y condemn that fast because he was asked in the nation to pray and yet they were the war was not the the Union war effort was not in slavery. They wanted to preserve the union they wanted to bring the south southern states back into the union and least slavery alone. That's what Lincoln it promises first inaugural address and she said that's not God's order. God will hear the nations prayers when they begin to change the wall. Or effort and make it in slavery and that was not happening at that time but she promised that when that happens. God will hear their prayers and God will give them victory. So is a matter of time and events in the war and I have another lecture and Lincoln features prominently in my book but what you see about Abraham Lincoln is a president who evolved through the trials of war and his whole perspective on how he viewed the black race and how he viewed slavery he never liked slavery but he felt he didn't have a constitutional right to end it. So he developed the brilliant strategy of the Emancipation Proclamation world that in a moment. Some say the Emancipation Proclamation a proclamation ended slavery no it didn't. It was the beginning of a long process that would call an eight in the thirteenth Amendment which when it was ratified that indeed slavery. You've seen the movie Lincoln Spielberg's movie Lincoln fine movie depicts the story of the thirteenth Amendment. Well worth seen it's got a little bit of spin here and there but basically it's historically accurate and it's all about the passing of the thirteenth Amendment but I'm jumping ahead. But this victory would evidently come. According to White after the North experienced enough losses as God's wisdom soffit and enough victories as the ordained that this terminology when indicated divine control and intervention in the pattern of battle victories and losses in the war. So the angelic intervention. She depicted in the battle first masses would evidently be a pattern throughout the war but she never said anything more about it so it appears that there was more divine intervention in battles we can't pinpoint that because we had no more visions about that but I will conjecture where I think that happened here a moment. This is the distinct. Feature of White's contribution to the way the war played out rather than the battle patterns or victories or losses being totally dependent upon the decisions of generals and commanders of the strength of and we are witnesses of the armies God had the final word in the battles of the Civil War These words then first published approximately a month after the battle of first ball run indicate a see saw pattern of union victories and losses in the forthcoming war that is according to Ellen White's interpretation there would be up periods in the battles and down periods for the Union throughout the war. The implication in this forecast was that once God's purposes of punishment ran their course and the sin of slavery was dealt with the union would experience enough victories to win the war that was related to emancipation that I mentioned earlier when they changed the purpose of the war war over once emancipation became official and transformed the war into a crusade to end slavery the pattern is a battle would be decidedly in favor of the Union and that's precisely what happened. The one I'm about to share with you. This is an interpretation. There are many interpretations by historians and enthuse east of the civil war. This is a specifically religious or theological interpretation by Ellen White and she didn't talk about all the battles. She never said anything else about them. She gave this forecast. It's up to the interpreter to take that forecast and look at the battles. You can see the big pictures but no never before has an analysis this in-depth been done what I have what you will read in my forthcoming book The analysis of the battles in relationship to this forecast by Alan white but there's a some a subjective element that's unavoidable in this. I've looked at the battles and I can see this pattern. It's a very consistent pattern but I would want to say that now this clearly must have been God at work here that of course is an interpretation but it fits with precision that forecast at the outset so I want to make it clear as I do in my book that this is. And a personal interpretation of the battles. She didn't get give specifics the interpreter must look at the statement and then look at the battles and make their own determination and that's what I've done here. So let's look at the paddle pattern of battles in one thousand sixty one. Again there are three chapters in my book on this three big chapters. This is only an overview. So at the outset of the war you had several skirmishes in the spring and summer early summer of sixty one. But the first bull run war she saw the angel come down. That was the first major battle. It was a union defeat as we have said so this was a downward period then Wilson's Creek later that fall and the battle of Ball's Bluff was also a major defeat the first senator was killed in Ball's Bluff a good friend of Lincoln. That was an unfortunate experience Lincoln grieved over that then Lincoln fired the general at first ball run McDowell because he had failed and he hired or put into place. George B. McClellan a brilliant general at the time to build up a massive Union Army during the fall season and McClellan did just that this is George McClellan George McClellan is a famous general of the Civil War and I will tell you in the long run. He's one of the worst if not the worst general in the civil war but Clo and was a brilliant organizer proud guy too. As you can see from the picture. He he took those troops and he whipped them into tip top shape. He created a massive army. During the fall season those months of the fall but the problem is McClellan He was a poor fighter he always has attained since troops in the battle and that's what drove Lincoln crazies I will show you in a moment but Lincoln had built up a massive army so by the end of the year by January of eight hundred sixty two when L O Y had her next major vision on the civil war. Everybody in the north is waiting for McClellan to move and he's not moving in the right come on come on that was the feeling at the time so we go to eight hundred sixty two while McClellan was hesitating in the east a young. A general not well known was waging war in the west western theater. His name was us. Grant who had become the key general in this I said Ulysses S. Grant who had become the key general toward the end of the war but Grant took forts Henry and Donaldson this is up at the the northwestern corner of our own state Tennessee. That was a gateway in the Confederacy you take those you get those forts and they were right on the the river and you had an open door into the Confederate Confederate heartland and Grant took them both and he would have gone further but the Union High Command said wait wait wait. They held him back and Grant believes if he had been able to penetrate the heartland at that point he could have into the war sooner and taken all the West for the union but because they hesitated. It took only a year later the finally secured the western theater but still there were victories here the battle of pyrogen Arkansas was a victory. Shiloh Shiloh that's also in our own state Tennessee western part of the state that was the first. Major bloody battle of the Civil War they thought Bull Run was bad. Shiloh was the first battle with huge troops involved the casualties were massive when this battle happened they realized it's going to be a long real long and bloody war grant the general in charge of the Union described after the battle. It took place in several days over a field where the Confederates had been charging He said The field was so thick with bodies dead bodies. You could walk across the field and never touch the ground because there were so many bodies and I have another presentation I thought gee why See I better not share that one. It's a rated R. presentation because I describe the testimonies of the. Compare with Ella White's description of the death and carnage in her Parkfield vision. Talked about earlier I compare that with eyewitness testimonies after various battles soldiers walk the battlefield and they they witness all the death and carnage and it's very graphic what they say but it vindicates what and the white saw in vision but I could give you testimonies that will make your hair stand up about Shiloh. It's it. They had never seen anything like it and yet. Shiloh was just the beginning of huge battles like that it would get worse as I will tell you. Shiloh was the beginning of large. Warfare and massive carnage. But it was never the less it was a marginal victory for the North then they had a lot of naval successes taking the Mississippi on down to Mississippi Vicksburg was the key Vicksburg Mississippi. I used pastor in Jackson Mississippi close to Vicksburg and. That was the key. Once you took Vicksburg. If the union own the Mississippi River they would they could cut the Confederacy and happy because in those days the main. Source of travel and in supplying the troops for the Confederacy was through the Mississippi River. And you take the Mississippi you cut the Confederacy in two and they were successful in taking Memphis and and all the Upper Cities along the Mississippi River but they could in the summer of sixty two. They could not take Vicksburg that would not happen till a year later but nevertheless naval successes until see this. So you have the the down pattern sixty one. Then you have this up pattern in the first half of sixty two until the seven days battles a series of several major battles where McClellan finally moved his army hundred thousand plus soldiers and was a Devarim to take Richmond. But that's when Robert E. Lee rose to the scene as one of the great generals in military history. Battlefield strategy and he took any thought and maneuvered. McClellan back and it was a loss a major loss because McClellan did not take Richmond and that plunged the entire north into despair. It was a very low moment this summer Lincoln thought I've got to do something here and he had been thinking of this draft of the Emancipation Proclamation. He read it to the cabinet and they were shocked. Are you kidding. In slavery in the south. Come on. May make the war an effort to end slavery make that a part of the effort and and but Lincoln he said I don't want your opinion this is what I'm going to do and Secretary Seward said well wait don't do it now release it. After we have a battle when we need to win on the battlefield. So Lincoln tucked in his drawer waiting for a victory that victory was long coming weeks past and the battle of second Acis that. At the same battlefield where the first battle of Bull Run the men asses was fought that we talked about earlier. This took place a year later. Guess what a similar thing happened. The Union troops were driven off the field and they fled back to Washington. Just like a year ago. Lincoln couldn't believe it he said I've heard of being knocked back in the middle of last week but I've never heard of being knocked back the middle of the last year and that that's that's what happened. So you have this up period and then this down period of defeat in the summer things look bad. That summer. In fact it looked as if the Confederacy could win. All these union victories here seemed to me nothing in a lot of what happened. And yet Lincoln had this draft of the Emancipation Proclamation tucked away in his drawer but then at the right moment the battle of Antietam on September seventeenth one thousand nine hundred sixty two was a marginal Union the tree. Let me give you the story of N.T. I'm a mate the first major turning point in the Civil War One of the most significant battles in the entire war was the Battle of Antietam September eighteenth sixty two was a major turning point in the American Civil War after the union summer losses that the seven days and second analysis battles. It was a real possibility that the Confederate States of America might win their independence several factors for example were evident by the end of August the British government was preparing to give the Confederacy diplomatic recognition and by the way a white makes a major statement a couple of paragraphs she describes Britain and its involvement in the war and she describes foreign diplomatic relations. I have a whole chapter dealing with that she makes a statement word appears as if she's predicting that that union that the that England would declare war on the United States. She's not saying that that never happened. I have a whole chapter where I describe that. Discuss that issue in detail but that was that was a key fear of the north and of the Lincoln administration is that the the British government and other European governments would recognize the Confederacy as a separate nation from Lincoln they were it was an insurrection. They were rebellion within his union they were not a separate nation. But if European powers made them a separate nation recognized them as a separate nation that means they could get funding and they could get reinforcement from other countries possibly win against the North. So this was a bad thing that because they had the union had lost those summer battles will the England said well maybe we'll just support the Confederacy. So it did not look good. Confederate armies launched a major offensive into Maryland Kentucky and western Tennessee and the Northern armies and citizens were demoralized Lincoln had shelters Emancipation Proclamation to wait for a victory that might never come. So this is of course before the Battle of Antietam after that loss that massacred lost and asses Now McClellan because of the loss in the seventy battles. He'd been relieved of his duty of the main general the gym in charge. But then Lincoln put him back in charge because in New Haven he needed him because he knew that the soldiers supported the Cleland McClellan soldiers loved him. You know why. Because he wouldn't send them in the battle to die. But a good general knows what Grant did you got to sacrifice lives to win a war. In fact they called Grant is also a later on. Grant the butcher because so many men died under him but that's how he won by feeding these men into the army to eventually defeated the enemy. So an interest in that took place here. This is a map I won't go into all the detail but McClellan was pursuing Lee. After that summer and Lee had been to Frederick Maryland and then he had left and then McClellan marches into Frederick and an extraordinary event took place. One of those famous Civil War Stories Levy had devised had planned his strategy to defeat McClellan and it was called Special Order one ninety one he had three copies of it. He wrote out his orders and sent it to his generals. But one copy somehow had been left at a campsite. And it was rolled its several cigars rolled up in it. Whoever we don't know to this day. Whoever left it there but boy he would have been caught he would have been in trouble but what happened. One of a captain went to this campsite where the Confederacy been camping any he noticed some paper and he saw our cigars and he told as a quickly get some matches let's light the cigars and he opened up the paper and put it aside and was so excited about the cigars but then he noticed that paper that is interesting. He began to read it he saw famous names of Confederate generals who all every Union soldier knew about and he saw the it was a complete battle plan signed Robert E. Lee This was a copy of Robert E. Lee's orders. Robert E. lease orders his strategy. They actually a Union soldier actually had enhanced the whole point of the enemy and so they sent up to the lines to McClellan Now Bruce Catton a famous Civil War historian explained it this way. What's McClellan got this he should he raised his hands and said Now I know how to defeat the enemy. Here's how one historian described it the fog of war which always limits the vision of an army commander suddenly. Dissolved and everything became clear McClellan knew as much about Lee's plans as if he had personally attended Lee's last staff conference the game was being handed to him on a silver platter. McClellan had become the beneficiary of the greatest security leak in American military history according to Caton Lee's army of invasion had split into pieces like an exploding shell and the army of the Potomac massed in a near Frederick Maryland was ideally situated to exploit the situation. No Civil War general was ever given so fair a chance to destroy the opposing army one piece at a time. McClellan Hadley's plans. If he would cinders troops off immediately. He knew where to go where to strike and how to defeat the enemy and Lee would have been taken by surprise but McClellan the great hesitating. He waited. He thought he's got a plan things out. He waited for twenty four hours by the time he finally struck leave the what was going on and plan accordingly. Now if if it had been reversed and Lee had received McClellan's plans. Let me tell you something. Lee and other good generals in the civil war they would have launched their troops within the hour. Of finding those last orders but no McClellan he way it just it pains me when I read that I just can't imagine that my personality I am a person of action. I I would have acted on that very quickly but I read about McClellan it just painful that this guy would just delay dally around. Yet yet. That was a part of God working because if McClellan had acted and defeated the principal Confederate army the war would have come to an end soon after that with slavery left on touched. In the south. It was not time yet. So in spite of McClellan's weaknesses God used to God. Use McClellan's weaknesses special order one ninety one could have been the biggest turning point in the Civil War but it was not it's just one of these famous Civil War stories in our you all civil war enthusiasm. We talk about McClellan You know all George. If he just would have done things differently. You see the pictures of Lincoln before the war and after the war he was a lot grayer and more wrinkles McClellan cost some of those wrinkles. So eventually it indeed up this is what caused the bloodiest one day battle of the civil war. McClellan slowly pursued Levy and if was fought back and Lee was maneuvered behind the river here and that led to the Battle of Antietam without going into much detail. Let me just introduce you to the Battle of Antietam its significance and tedium was the bloodiest day a battle in American history fought on September seventeenth eight hundred sixty two on that day sixty five hundred to seven thousand men were killed in action. According to one estimate approximately one man died every five or six seconds of the battle now in another lecture presentation as well as in the book I describe the carnage in the battlefield. I'll spare you of that this afternoon but I'm empty but at Antietam it was bloodier than you could ever imagine it was horrific. The number of casualties in one day at the Battle of Antietam was nearly four times the number of casualties on D.-Day June sixth one thousand nine hundred four twice as many people were killed in mortally wounded than were killed by the terrorist attacks in the United States in September eleventh two thousand and one it be the number about of the S. and one day at Mt to make ceded the total. Of deaths in all the other wars the United States fought in the one thousand nine hundred three the war between twelve the next in a Mexican American War the Spanish-American War and the Indian wars and I'm citing the famous Civil War historian James Macpherson in this statement here on the significance of Antietam what's interesting. After that battle ended. Lee retreated it was a marginal win of course McClellan claimed it was a great victory but leaves army was retreating he was vulnerable if McClellan had pursued leave he could have taken in the next couple of days but what a mic What do you think McClellan did he said tight. He set up a big camp Lincoln was repeatedly corresponding with him. You need to move move. Go get Lee basically McClellan didn't move for over a month and leave he was backed up by the weather but he eventually crossed the river. McClellan dilly dallied around fine and make invisible McClellan Here's this picture with this picture was taken after the Battle of Antietam now in the Civil War era they would do with photography was new that some of the first pictures of any war were taken during the Battle of Antietam by a famous photographer of the Civil War and this picture was taken there of POWs and MCCLELLAN That's McClellan there's Lincoln of course and they are opposing Lincoln was there for one purpose to encourage McClellan to get the army moving to go get LEAHY And here's a famous picture taken between the two in the tent and Lincoln probably during this conversation in this picture was taken. He told McClellan if you do not move your army and go take Lee you'll be a ruined man because in his head Lincoln was going to fire him. And for all and he did but at this point he's encouraging to get your army to move it now. Lincoln was camping with him a couple of days and at one point he was so frustrated he one of the aides writes this later on he was walking up on the ridge with one of his aides pacing back and forth looking over the army the tent this is a picture of McClellan's army and he was frustrated and says. To his aide. What do you see out there pointing to the vast army in the camp. What do you see out there he said well Mr President. That's that's General McAllen's Army that's the that's the Army because it said no that's not the army that's General McClellan's body guard they can was so frustrated. He said that's not his army that's his own bodyguard. In other words he thought McClellan only thought about protecting himself in a sarcastic he was just so frustrating the consequences of Antietam it was a marginal win but it was significant the union needed it. It was a it was a a when they came at the precise moment they needed true McCullough didn't follow up on it in a sense that extended the war but it also was a turning point here is that significance England backed off from intervening in the war and given the Confederacy diplomatic recognition for the for the time bein the battle impacted the November elections. You had the Republicans maintain their major seats in the house in the Senate that was important for continuing the war effort in the north the most important consequence of empty them was that Lincoln now had the victory he needed to issue his Emancipation Proclamation and so he released the Pullum unary draft of the Emancipation Proclamation where he gave the Confederacy one hundred days to free the slaves and of course he knew they weren't going to do it. This did not relate to the border states that were still in the union that had slaves. He couldn't free those slaves. But and in doing in saying this about the Confederate States. It was more a war measure it. Myth that now the war once it was in acted it would be a war to not only save the Union but to end slavery but at this point the policeman or a draft. It was he gave them one hundred days to free the slaves and it wasn't until January one thousand nine hundred sixty three that he signed the Official draft of the Emancipation Proclamation and once that was done the whole war effort slowly gradually begin to change. He didn't was that the Emancipation Proclamation didn't freeing the slaves immediately but it was the beginning of a link to a process that would result or culminate in the thirteenth Amendment. So a lot of history here. I know but it's relevant and when whites visions and that's really what I'm doing here and in my book. I'm giving the historical context for these visions. I think it's so important that that those of us who read are white and appreciate and white understand the historical significance of these statements. It really illuminates them so that's why I get into so much history here interpret and teach them in the war from Ellen whites August eighteenth sixty one forecast God had ordained we could say that God had ordain the much needed victory at Antietam his time its time in that is the Battle of Antietam was delicate and precise a moment in the war when so much hung in the balance if the union had lost this momentous battle into would have intervened and given the Confederacy diplomatic recognition the Union cause would have been defeated in the November elections and more importantly the character of the war and the future slavery in the South would have remained unchanged without Lincoln's polemic area mancipation proclamation. So clearly this is where I would interpret God. Was involved in this battle. It was a one of the first major turning points in the war but God in His wisdom to apply White's words here saw fit to give this victory to the union in September and sixty two. It was the beginning of the end a long and bloody end. So we find this pattern in one thousand nine hundred sixty two a series of victories in and by a series of defeats major defeats in the summer and then things went back uphill with N.T.L. But remember this involved punishment. It was the war wasn't going to be over soon. And tedium was a turning point. But the next major battle was a disaster for the union the battle of Fredericksburg Fredericksburg Maryland at No three high. This was another general after letting McClellan go. He put in his place General Burnside now Burnside interest in me grew his whiskers down his side and kept his chin involved and that became kind of a well known feature of this general and later his name Burnside was inverted to sideburns. And that's how we get the main cyber today goes back to General Burnside you have a lot of of phrases that we use today that root in the civil war but Fredericksburg Burnside foolishly took his his massive hundred thousand army and send them up in waves Annmarie Heights where you had all the Confederates imbedded on high ground and they just mowed them down wave after wave all day long in this winter December day and they and the charging troops are right on top of the bodies of the other. And they get mowed down litter the soldiers and mow down it was a horrific Union loss it plunged the union in despair. After this. Lincoln said and I'm just going to use this language now but Lincoln was so upset he said if there is a worse place than Hell I'm in it he said that one of his aides and that was that was recorded. He was he was in despair and just it's a plunge the him and they said there were times where Lincoln was so discouraged and this is one of them but then another battle took place in good old Tennessee of north of us right in the Nashville area the battle of stones river. This was a marginal victory almost a tie. But a barely union win but it was a very strategic win that Lincoln said saved the day because Lincoln had all kinds of forces battling him to in the war and least slavery alone. And if he didn't have wins in the battlefield. He did not get the support he needed see. So that's why it was so discouraging for him when you had these major losses. So you can see the pattern win loss. Win Loss when up and down just as that forecast had depicted. Now let's go to the pattern of the battles in one thousand nine hundred sixty three the eight hundred sixty three began with Lincoln on January one thousand nine hundred sixty three signing the final draft of the Emancipation Proclamation and as I said that began a trend that gradually change the entire war effort. That's when they Lincoln had already realized that no longer can they. Lightly go against the Confederacy. They must invade the Confederacy and absolutely destroy and destroy Confederate armies. There's no other way to win the war that massive loss of life but also Mitt. Destroying can. Resources as well. And so by the time you get to eight hundred sixty three things have changed and the battles were more aggressive more bloody So in the spring. Let me back up and Lincoln had called for another day of fasting. This was different from the September fasting and eight hundred sixty one. He acknowledged since and he acknowledged that the nation had been wrong in its whole approach it was a much more humility as if he had slavery in his mind in this fast and so the nation prayed they expected God to act a battle to cancer a chance to reveal happen. It was a major union loss. This was one of Leeds. Robert E. Lee's greatest. Victories. It was a brilliant strategy in winning this battle but it was a massive union defeat and they were very discouraged after this. Well you can they say after this battle walked up and down the in the the halls of the White House just with his face in his hands almost weeping and and well only because of this loss but also while it was a win for the Confederacy. It was a bad day for already leave his right hand General was wounded in this battle Stonewall Jackson remember the greatest general of the Confederacy. He was doing reconnaissance one night and he received friendly fire from his own troops shot him in the shoulder in the side. He lost his arm in the days ahead. He caught pneumonia from the infection and he died least said I've lost my right arm or he thought he said this about Jackson easy may have lost his arm and I've lost his left arm but I've lost my right arm because he depended so much on Jackson. In fact its estimate. Aided by. Some historians that if Jackson had been around with Lee during the famous Pickett's charge in the Battle of Gettysburg he would have been different. Lee may have won Gettysburg. If Jackson with that's of course conjecture would never happen but that is an interesting. In my first draft of the book I had all that because I apply that theologically to how God would even he took Jackson out of the factor to change things but I had at that out because it was too long. So then you had two great victories in the summer of sixty three the most famous battle of the Civil War is the battle of Gettysburg that's the most well known war. Me well known battle of the entire Civil War Gettysburg and that is a battlefield if you going to visit one battlefield you want to see Gettysburg. You've been there. Oh it's amazing. All the monuments and. All the famous stories of the battle took place yet strategically gets broken up the most important battle Vicksburg was because Vicksburg took the Mississippi. Finally a year later. Through seeds Grant in one of the most brilliant campaigns of the Civil War took Vicksburg. And that put the confederate the almost the that part of the Confederacy in the hands of the Union. Now the entire Mississippi after they took another. City out along the Mississippi. What once that was done the entire Mississippi belonged to the Confederacy or she's been to the union. Now they had cut the Confederacy into now the Confederacy is days were numbered so Gettysburg and Vicksburg were a major wins for the union. So you see this this you have the down pattern in this pattern but then it suddenly plunged the battle of Chickamauga we're back home again in Tennessee right here in this area. The battle of Chickamauga was a. Painful loss for the union lots of interesting stories surrounding this I touched on it in the book I won't get into Chickamauga now but it was a a an unfortunate defeat but it was more painful defeat not a strategic defeat it didn't cause the union to lose its momentum but you could look at it as part of punishment because it. After getting Gettysburg had the most casualties in battle and in the Civil War The next battle after that of casualties were to come August. So it was a bloody bloody war or battle keeps and war and battle. These are battles a part of the entire war and then of course there is the battles of Chattanooga. These were victories. Let me linger on the battles of Chattanooga since that's home right now there is Lookout Mountain a painting of how it looked in that day. This is the the Chattanooga Valley Chattanooga was extremely important to the union objectives of winning the war located in the south eastern Tennessee close to north Georgia with the Blue Ridge Mountains an Appalachian plateau the east to the east and the mountains of the Cumberland Plateau to the west the city was a convergence of roads major railroads and the Tennessee River it was a strategic location for the Confederacy. If the union took Chattanooga. It could split the Confederacy into once again after the Mississippi. So they had been trying to take Chattanooga since sixty two and had been successful but now things were about to change it has been called the gateway to the Confederacy because of its major east west railroads and its major railroad south to the important city of Atlanta. You know the interstate we go to drive to Atlanta. That was a part of the highway. Back then to Atlanta. The symbol of the Confederacy while Richmond was the capital of the. Fetter see Atlanta. It was the symbol of all of the Confederacy. It was vital to the Confederacy as ability to transport troops and supplies to its armies and thus the most important strategic point in the Confederacy. That was our own Chattanooga union control of Chattanooga to split the Confederacy again and open the gate to strike at its heartland. Now here's the battle plan not only show you how this relates to today. Here is Missionary Ridge. Here's Lookout Mountain the interstate that we drive on comes right about here and all of this of course is the Chattanooga Valley all this is the city and the interstate drives down through here right along this edge of the mountain goes a long look at Mountain there through the river still similar but what is cool to me is that this interstate drives through Civil War history drives right through the strategic battle. He was the plan. Grant took charge. This is when Grant rose to prominence at the Battle of Chattanooga Chattanooga with the after Chickamauga the Union went back to Chattanooga. And they were stuck there and brag the Confederate general put his troops all in Missionary Ridge and held Chattanooga under siege. So the key was to free Chattanooga from the siege. It's a grant planned several movements. First of all he would send hooker with his division or his regiments to take Lookout Mountain or lease to demonstrate a Lookout Mountain. Now that's General Hooker he has a very interesting history. Talk about names that go back to the civil war. I won't go into detail on this one but just you might find this interesting. Hooker was a womanizer. OK And his name is still used today. I'm going further. But let me just say this that one of the concerns of the ad. It's about the Civil War is the immorality among the soldiers they look forward to the war indeed because there were so much immorality among the the Union soldiers and so that was a great concern you read about that in the review and of course Hooker was well known for his immoral acts and that's where the a name hooker originates. OK. Anyway. Not too much detail about that one. And if you're not clear where I'm going where I went with that I'll talk to afterward. So on in November the November twenty four hooker took Lookout Mountain. But the plan was is to draw the attention of the Confederates here to Lookout Mountain and while you had hooker on Lookout Mountain Sherman was taking his division to hit the Confederates from on their right flank she had hooker on the left and Sherman on the right. And he was to hit them on the top of the ridge and roll them back and Grant had several divisions under General Thomas at the bottom of Missionary Ridge and they were to send fire up and demonstrate any said maybe if the opportunity is right then you charge the hill. But again that would not be a good idea because the Confederates had high ground here and we've already seen from Fredericksburg and Gettysburg the famous pickets charge when you charge an army that has high ground. You're in trouble in the. In the civil war. You would lose but that didn't happen in this case. So what happened. Hooker actually instead of just demonstrating he took Lookout Mountain and ran the Confederates off and then he was the go and flank them on their left and Missionary Ridge Sherman got stalled here and this plan was for old and so Grant realized something needs to be done in somehow. The word got out that these divisions here were to charge up missionary rich or at least take see these lines here. Those are the rifle pits and least take the rifle pits. But while they were doing that on high ground. They were receiving intense fire from all these confederates imbedded on the top now shared as division ran up a right about here as the interstate comes down and Sharon is one of my favorite generals in the Civil War because he was five feet five inches short of general. That's my height. So he's my man. And he helped win the war at the end take Lee one of the last battles a lap of Maddox. So I like Sheridan but for me when I'm driving down the interstate right here. It's very dangerous for me because I'm driving. I'm thinking about the history. I'm looking at the ridge and I'm thinking of shared down over there. I'm not watching the road. So I have to be careful when I'm driving down the interstate because I think about this history. I was driving my mother had to take her to Huntsville Texas last week turn months Americans for her and we were driving back and there was Missionary Ridge and I was telling her the story and look mom want to know what happened here. So it's very exciting. We get to drive right through Living History here in Chattanooga. So think about that the next time you're in the interstate you go into the Chattanooga Valley you're coming back up coming to Southern from that way from Lookout Mountain You see look at Mountain and then you'll see Missionary Ridge you can't miss it. And that's where this history took place and one of the most dramatic events of all the civil war took place right there. So here's what happened because Sherman couldn't. Flank them right here and Hooker was having trouble here. These guys eventually somehow they're not sure whether it was a command by the generals they let loose and they charged up missionary range. They took the rifle pits and the miss the fire raining down on them they continued to charge up. That healed. Here is a picture. Let me back up to the mountain to the battle on the top of Lookout Mountain. They say it's the battle above the clouds actually was the battle in the clouds because that day it was Lookout Mountain was covered with a fog and some of the soldiers say it was a battle in the clouds. Here's a picture of some of the. Skirmishing that took place on the mountain not a picture but a drawing of what took place and that was the look at all the troops. This is what is downtown city today. But there were a lot of open fields with thousands of union troops waiting to see what would happen. As their troops were on the battle of. In battle on Lookout Mountain that battle ended it was cold the next morning the twenty fifth took place and that's when Sherman was supposed to to charge here and to enroll these confederates off the hill but that didn't take place. So then you had the charge of Missionary Ridge grants headquarters which was that a place called We're church not it's a it's a huge hill right there in the Chattanooga Valley and now it's a it's a monument and it's a part of the state park. It's one of my favorite places to visit they have all the monuments of the original regiments that were there and that was Grant's command point at orchards knob. Check it out. You get on top of it. You have a panoramic view of the entire Chattanooga Valley. It's simply gorgeous on a clear day. Only problem is you've got to be careful because there it's surrounded by crack houses. So if you go go in the early part of the day. Don't wait till sunset. You don't want to be on crack houses at sunset. OK. At least that's what I've been told. I've never experimented I go in the middle of the day when I'm there but it's that's where it took place and here's what it looks like today there are trees. There that weren't there but that's Missionary Ridge. This is that's a picture I took right there from orchards not. Actually have a video of it but I don't think I'll take time to do that here is how Missionary Ridge looked after the battle of this picture was taken after the battle. So it was open space like this. A few trees on the Ridge of course now all this is houses and and houses are on top of Missionary Ridge now all this is city but this is how it looked within one month after that battle in one thousand nine hundred sixty three about four three forty P.M. approximately twenty three thousand men in four divisions surged forward over the clear plain and up to the heights where a line of approximately nine thousand confederates nervously waited. Here's a picture of what it was like back then and not a drawing I should say the battle of missionary region of every twenty fifth and they did these troops miraculously charged up the seal in the midst the fire and very few of them die. And when they got to the top. It was point blank shooting and they drove the Confederates off. They took Missionary Ridge and the Confederates retreated. It was a remarkable victory. That's why it's called the miracle on Missionary Ridge and Chattanooga now was officially in union hands in the days of the Confederacy were numbered because the victory of Chattanooga was a nother major turning point in the civil war. So right here in our very own backyard at Chattanooga one of the most remarkable battles of the Civil War took place and one of the most remarkable charges in the civil war. Well Chattanooga propelled these three generals into prominence for the rest of the war you have glycerol Grant Sherman and Sheridan that's the my sheraton OK that I I I lie. But all three of these guys are my favorite I do like Robert E. Lee and Thomas Jackson two. Of the Barclays of those guys are just fascinating. And I respect them although I cannot find myself agreeing anything with the Confederate even though I'm an Alabama boy I have no sympathy for the Confederacy. But I do like Lee and Jackson and several other confederates as generals. But these guys are the heroes right here. Finally Lincoln had the general he needed. He may grant general in chief of the Northern armies in the spring of eight hundred sixty four and expected grant to bring the war to an end in the summer of sixty four. Grant launched his famous overland campaign a series of battles between he and Lee in order to take Richmond. But it was not as easy as they thought again notice the pattern of the battles in eight hundred sixty four. Everybody was in high spirits at the end of sixty three. Because of Chattanooga. And they thought then this is going to be over soon. But the bloodiest battles of the Civil War took place that summer in nine hundred sixty four the battle of the wilderness was a horrific battle fought in think brush firing it took place over several days after the second day because there's so much musketry fire. It caught the woods on fire and wounded were all through the woods still alive. They were unable to get to them and the soldiers in the lines waiting to fight the next day that night they grimaced as they listened to their comrades scream as they were burned in the fires because the wounded. They couldn't move but they were alive and they were burned to death in the fire burned alive I should say in the fires and they the in the soldiers in the lines both Confederate and Union heard the screams of their comrades and they couldn't go to rescue them. That's one of the horrors of the civil war that was at the Wilderness thousands of casualties Spotsylvania. Another maneuver for like a minute over between Lee and Grant is as Grant was trying to move closer towards Richmond in the summer of sixty four a terrible terrible battle. Spotsylvania is a is a particular point where soldiers would die and another line would come in and they with fight on top of the other soldiers it rained that day and they pushed them into the mud some soldiers were buried alive in the mud at Spottsylvania it was it's considered one of the most bloodiest points of battle in the civil war. Cole Harbor. This is another major charge Grant mistakenly launched a major charge on the Confederates who were embedded in the trenches around Cold Harbor and within the first ten minutes of that charge four thousand union men dropped to their to the ground and died. They were just mowed down and shot there were some hand some. Of the the lines met the Confederates and there was hand to hand combat but within within minutes. Thousands die. Many more thousands died. She'd say more. Several more thousand died by the end of the day that was about seven thousand that had died. In the charge Grant looked back on Cold Harbor he wrote in his memoirs and he said all the charges he made in the Civil War he regrets this one the most he said all the loss of life was purposeless he didn't accomplish anything he said he regrets that charge great a draw a draw defeat and then finally Petersburg was was the city right before Richmond to take Richmond the capital the Confederacy have to take Petersburg. But Grant went to take Petersburg and Lee had his troops embedded there and he couldn't take it so he laid siege to it. Several battles took place he couldn't penetrate it. So he laid siege to it and he was stuck there for the rest of the summer in the siege. So again you can see this. Pattern. This is a pattern of defeat and at the same time more gret was battling in the east. You had Sherman leaving Chattanooga and going to Atlanta and it was a long battle. A long series of battles to Atlanta. The Kennesaw Mountain fought on June twenty seventh was a major defeat for Sherman's troops the battle of the crater that was also around Petersburg and not I skip in this presentation of the book I chronicle in detail Sherman's movement towards Atlanta. You see this up and down pattern of wins and he lost but he finally got getting made momentum and got to Atlanta. Then he had some wins but eventually he was stuck outside of Atlanta and laid siege to it. So you had you had a stall mate at the end of the summer Grant in a siege at Petersburg and Sherman and siege around Atlanta two major cities and they couldn't penetrate them and that summer the morale of the Union plunged to its lowest point and Lincoln desperately needed battles to gain momentum. It was he was up for a let reelection and email of he did not get some battles victories on the battlefield. He would not be reelected. Guess who is writing wise. Guess who the Democratic nominee was against Lincoln George McClellan the general who Lincoln and fired earlier came back to haunt him as the Democratic nominee. Now Lincoln. I've been around McClellan rather I've said a lot about this McClellan He was a general who we wanted to bring the union back together to the war but he wanted to leave slavery alone in the south. He was somewhat pro-slavery we could say. And now he was against law. And Lincoln felt with this stall made in the summer. Americans are upset they wanted victories. He's going to lose and it was very possible that he would lose that coming election in the fall against McClellan Now if McClellan had won and Lincoln had lost it. McClellan had become the next president he would have reversed everything Lincoln had accomplished in terms of emancipation he would change the war he would have sat down at the negotiating table with the Confederates and figured out a way to in the war and allow them to keep slavery. I mean the thought of McMullen Winning makes anyone who is knowledgeable of that put their heads in the hands and shake shake their head and say it would have been a disaster if McClellan had got the presidency but I want you to notice what happened here at the right point. Sherman Meda a charge on cutting off the supply to Atlanta and the Confederate general brought his troops out and Sherman defeated them and he went into Atlanta and took Atlanta Atlanta. The battle of Atlanta or the I should say the battle that in which Sherman took Atlanta. That was one of the most strategic battles of the entire civil war once Atlanta was in union hands that changed everything that was the victory that Lincoln the it. Now everybody was excited in fact women wept men threw their hats sought and cheered in the in the north at Sherman's battle or Sherman's victory of Atlanta. That changed everything so that downward pattern went suddenly up without question. I believe God's hand was in the victory of Atlantis. It was strategic at the moment when the union needed it the most and as a result. Of that Lincoln won the presidency he was able to continue with his policy if indeed the war with slavery ended Sherman went on to march his famous march to the sea where he destroyed the Georgia cut it in half cut the Confederacy and hath once again cut off its resources that was the victory then you have the victory of Nashville a number of other victories that I discuss in the book. I'm just summarizing here. You notice what's the union had decided in slavery because that fall is when Lincoln begin lobbied for the and I'm in that to end slavery to change the Constitution to in slavery and that of course resulted in the thirteenth Amendment in the movie Lincoln I said is all about what happened that fall and in the early winter when the thirty the minimum was passed. And once that took place. It was clear in reelecting Lincoln that the North had decided it was against slavery and that's when the momentum changed. That's when they had one victory after another after Atlanta. It was and it was at downhill after that. So you have Sherman's march in January the battles of sixty five victory victory. Finally Grant broke through Vicksburg you had the fall of Richmond and then you had the conclusion of the battle of Apple Maddux court where Levy when an in. One of the homes there and surrendered to grant surrender the principal Confederate army. There were a few skirmishes after that. Jefferson Davis was caught and put in jail and there was a final battle in Texas and that officially into the war but really it up a Maddox when the principal Confederate army surrendered to the union the war was essentially over at that point. So it was a major victory then it was explained that got back on this forecast. Then it was explained that God had this nation in his own he. And would not suffer victories to be gained faster than here. Dane and would prevent No more losses to the Northern man than in his wisdom. He saw fit to punish them for their sins. So we just trace this up and down pattern the see saw pattern throughout the entire war at once the the Union war effort became a war to end slavery the limits was in their favor and God gave them ultimate victory. Just as White had said God had this nation in his own head. God has this nation in his own hand today as I've already alluded with what's happening in our world today from terrorism to our present presidential election. It's good to know that God still has this nation in his hands and if that is true that God has this nation isn't here then it is reasonable to believe that he has in his own this media was brought to you by audio first a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio or you would like to listen to more sermons lead to visit W W W audio verse or.


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