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The Last Five Kings of Judah

Chris Buttery
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There’s a question that comes from long ago, and it’s very fitting for this week’s lesson: “If it rains on a rock, would that rock absorb water?” We’ll be reviewing the lives of the last five kings of Judah and finding out which kings were open to God’s leading and which weren’t, as well as discovering the important lessons we can learn from lives of ancient kings Join Pastor Chris Buttery as he walks us through some vital developments in the history of God’s people.

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  • September 26, 2015
    11:30 AM

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Well we're going to go run into the lesson is Lesson number three. And you've got your Bibles and you have your lesson studies available as we as we go into today's study the last five kings of Judah the last five kings of Judah and in the memory text is German twenty two sixteen and it's a pretty important one and the germ I wrote he said he judged the cause of the poor and the needy then it was well was not this knowing me says the Lord and will probably touch on that a little bit later on in our study and we're going to get right into it. Let's go to Sunday's lesson. It's an it's an amazing thing when you sit back and you study someone's life or at least you read a little bit about this story in their life when we talk about the five and look at the last five kings of Judah. We don't we're not given an awful lot of information on each of them. The only one that we've given a lot more information on is Josiah some of them they had their stories a brief or a very brief others along and tell us a little bit more about them and of course the ride as a highlighting some of the most important things about the life of these individuals that were very instrumental in either bringing about reform in Judah or bringing about the demise of Judah. If you have your Bibles here with me. The Second Kings Chapter twenty two. We're going to begin over here today. Second Kings Chapter twenty two and we'll talk about Josiah here under the rule of just. You can read the story of Josiah in Second Kings Chapter twenty two all the way through to chapter twenty three in verse thirty of the same book and then you can read its parallel account in the Second Chronicles Chapter thirty four and thirty five. That's where you'll find the readings all the the. The story of just. Now when he began to rule it was only eight years of age. That's right. And he was crowned king he reigned for how long about thirty years thirty one. He was writing for thirty one years. His father was a kid came and then we could King and then ruled simply for two years before he was killed in his own house by his own servants and just science grandfather was actually was also we could KING A was we could King. Manasseh we could Kingman as it is said of Massa in the Second Chronicles thirty three verse nine so and that's a seduced Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to do more evil than the nations whom the Lord had destroyed before the children of Israel and that's not a good testimony of an individual as at this king men that are led Judah to doing worse things then the the inhabitants of Canaan who existed there before the children of Israel when NASA eventually was carried off we know the stories eventually carried off by a band of a Syrian soldiers who took him to Babylon. And it was here under some very difficult and trying circumstances because prisons in the ancients in ancient days weren't like prisons today where you have a bunk bed and you get a good meal and you've got even cable T.V. It was pretty difficult pretty trying circumstances and it was under those circumstances that man that's an amazing all he saw the lengths to which he had he had morally sunk and remarkably turned his life over to God it was an incredible conversion but it was too late for Judah man as I had set the course and even some before of an ass I had set the course and it was too late for I thought Judah. Let's look at seven. Kings twenty two Verse two it says here talking about Josiah. The son of and and in Amman and the grandson. Man that he did that was what was right in the side of the Lord and he walked in all the ways of his father David he did not turn aside to the right hand or to the left. It's a pretty good testimony just side did what was right in the side of the Lord he didn't turn to the right. And he didn't turn to the left this phrase was frequently used frequently at the time of Moses and Joshua and and it was used so very seldom later on this is significant. When we consider what last writings were recovered that lay the foundation at the of the tremendous spirit revival and reformation that was to occur during just sighs right and we're going to come back to that in just a moment but this this testimony about just not turn to the rattle to the left is deep significance about with reference to the book that was found during his reign. Now he was sixteen year old sixteen years old when he saw the Lord. According to Second Chronicles verse thirty four. We have two accounts of course parallel accounts of these kings one in Second Kings one in Second Chronicles he was sixteen when the Bible says he saw the Lord and it seems like he saw him more earnestly It wasn't that he wasn't a follower of God but he saw him more earnestly at the ripe youthful age of sixteen when he was twenty. He began to remove idolatry from the land and you can read that in Second Chronicles so for those three as well. It was very seem like his very aggressive at removing it removing the idolatrous practices that had essentially. Smothered the land at that particular time and it's interesting to read when you read a story that his work extended beyond Judah to the south as South as far as Simeon which was south of Judah. Which is essentially the western part of the Southern to. To the west of the southern part of the Dead Sea. That's as far south as his reforms when Which is it which is outside of the territory of Judah and then he went as far north as the land of NEFF to lie. Which is north of the Sea of Galilee and sometimes you read about certain things in the Old Testament and territory is referenced from Dan to Betsy but do you remember reading reading about Dan De Baets Sheba that happened from Vanderbilt Sheba took place from Vanderbilt she would you read that throughout the Old Testament and basically it was a statement of the north most part of Israel to the south most part of Israel. Josiah extended his reforms all the way to the north most part of the land of Israel and you know that by this time Israel. Most of the folk have been taken captive there being scattered throughout the heathen lands and yet folks still living there. People still living there. Josiah's able to influence them for the better. Well let's go to those three to seven let's continue reading here now. It came to pass in the eighteenth year of King Josiah How old would he have been in his eighteenth year of his reign. He would be twenty six right. Twenty six. In the eighteenth year of King Josiah that he sent chef fan. Champagne rather the scribe the son of the son of machine to the house of the Lord saying go up to Hell. Chi or the high priest that he may count the money which has been brought into the house of the Lord which the doorkeepers have gathered from the people and let them deliver it into the hand of those doing the work who are the oversea is in the house of the Lord let them give it to those who are in the house of the Lord doing the work to repair the damages of the house to the carpenters the builders Masons and to buy timber and hewn stone to repair the house for seven. However there need be no accounting made with them. Of the money delivered into the hand because they deal faithfully because ideal faithfully so aged twenty six. What a joy side too. What was your side doing here. He began the work of repairs or repair on the temple. Prior to this he was raising funds and apparently it was a successful fund raising campaign and the money had been collected and and so now the the repairs to the temple could be enacted. Now this is the same year the twenty. At age twenty six. This is the eighteenth year of just size rain this is the same year that hell Kyra the High Priest finds the temp finds the temple copy of the book of the law. That perhaps was carelessly lost during masses rain or hidden by a faithful priest during the masses persecution. We read that in verse eight notice. So then he'll cry of the high priest said to Shep hand the scribe I have found the book of the law in the house of the Lord and he gave the book to champagne and he read it and so what happens next. Delivers it to Chapin who was on of course the king's errand to ensure the proper payment of the workers and Japan after having reported to the King about the money and the workers. What did he do. He read the book of the law to King Josiah what was King Josiah's. Reaction. Well before we get his reaction just something on the book of the law timing into what I mentioned earlier about the statement regarding Josiah that he turn either to the left nor to the ride the book of the law primarily carried the book of the Covenant in found in the book of Deuteronomy and that had to do primarily with the blessings and the curses and you could read that in general to me thirty two to thirty four around those chapters. Upon hearing of the book of the Lord being read what to Josiah did he rents his his clothes right here on his clothes he written he was hearing in his reading he was hearing. As the book was being read to him. How God had promised to bless Israel if they were faithful to him but then he also read how God would bring about allow Miss unfortunate circumstances to occur if Israel the side by side. God is saying and Josiah was very sensitive to the fact that Israel was far removed from God's ideal for his people and so in an active. From Morse and a hora for impending judgment. He tore his garments you see it was all because of Judas sins. So it was just CYA influenced by the writings that he that he read that he heard read to him from the Book of the law or even even before this instance. Yes it seems. He was influenced by. From other scriptures but upon reading this something dramatic happened in his in his life and in the land of Juda even more so than what had been happening up to this particular point. So concerned was Josiah that essential pan. He sent hell Kyra the high priest and a couple of other close subjects to inquire of the Lord at the hand of him how the the prophet S. whether the book of the law had prophesied what the book of the law prophesied was actually going to come to pass or not. So just sent these men go inquire of the Lord they went to how the the prophet S. to inquire and you can read this in Second Chronicles thirty four verses fourteen to twenty two and what it how the saying she told Josiah that what you have heard read to you will come to pass Judah will they things why bode well for Judah. However however you will not be alive to say that. And so what was going to happen to Judah would not happen to Josiah during Josiah's reign or while he was alive. Look at me in Second Kings Chapter twenty two verses nineteen and twenty. Let's read that. Look at verse eighteen but as the king of Juda was sent to you sent you rather to inquire of the Lord in this manner you shall speak to him thus saith the Lord God of Israel concerning the words which you have heard because your heart was tender and you humbled yourself before the Lord when you heard what I spoke against this place and against its inhabitants that they would become a desolation and a curse and you told your close close and where to be for me. I also have heard you says the Lord verse twenty surely therefore I will gather you to your fathers and you shall be gathered to your grave in peace and your eyes shall not see all the calamity which I will bring on this place and so they brought back word to the king question for you. What was the reason God saw fit to keep Josiah from seeing the downfall of Judah. What were the reasons listed here in verse nineteen because he was one because he was repentant because he was sorry because he had an impressionable heart that responded to the Holy Spirit's pleas and he responded in tears of penitence in tears of faith. Do you think that God responds to his children in the same way today. Surely if we find out that we have been doing something contrary to God's will and we find ourselves in broiled in the circumstances and the consequences of our actions and we and we and the Holy Spirit is playing to us and we humble our hearts before God He will hear us. And he will forgive us our sins as a matter of fact in a Zion Chapter thirty four verse eighteen notice this says the Lord is near to those who have a broken heart and saves such as have I contrived spirit another beautiful promise. God has promised to you and to me. Well. The messages of the prophets and the prophets. The time of Josiah where of course Jeremiah we're studying Jeremiah. The other prophets of the time of Josiah were. Have back it all have a cock. How would you like to pronounce his name and also Zephaniah and these warnings the messages of the prophets warning about the coming Babylonian captivity prepared the wife for the wonderful revival. That was to follow after the reading of the book of the Lord to the people what to Josiah do. He called all the leaders of Jerusalem to the Court of the temple he called all the people and there he first consecrated himself to the Lord and what happened. We can read the Canon sucks Second Chronicles thirty four verses twenty nine to thirty two did the people follow their leader. Yes they did first Josiah consecrated himself and sought to fulfill his end of the covenant agreement and then the people responded in kind of tells us a lot doesn't it. About the influence of leadership prior to this you had we could King and then man Asser And how did the people fare. They did what they King did here Josiah is repentant remorseful turns his heart to God can and is going to continue the reforms that he hadn't acted and started earlier on in his life and the people the world. I followed the power of influence. Most of you here today are parents. Some of you are not parents and don't have children but you exert an influence at your workplace or whoever you associate with the power of influence. We think about the work of a parent and the influence they have moms and dads have on their children and if generally speaking that parents go well goes well for the children. Now granted the children get to a point where they get to an age where they choose for themselves and and so we claim the promise in Proverbs twenty two verse six that that they'll remember the way of the Lord. Now come back if they do. Drift from the Lord but the power of influence. We need to consider even as Christians in the world don't weigh the influence that we exert on others that we work with that we associate with our neighbors our relatives and our friends and we ask that God will help us to be faithful in the witness that we reveal to them. Amen shilling. Well what did Josiah do after he consecrated himself in the people followed he acted he acted there were two things that he did he sought to remove any trace of idolatry and of course he consecrated himself toit by the Lord. It's one thing to remove the idols out of the life. It's another thing to fill them with our B.D.'s to the Lord and to do those things that are pleasing in God's side just had all removed all the articles made for buyout of the temple to have them burned outside of Jerusalem and and all the ashes were removed to Bethel do you know why the ashes were moved to Bethel do you know why the ashes were moved to Bethel now I'm I'm not entirely sure except that this Bethel was the place where God had provided the assurance of his presence in the dream about the latter when Jacob dedicated himself to God when he fled from the brother. But Bethel was annoying for a place of dedication and rededication to the Lord your member even after. Jacob Jacob it goes back to Bethel after he has the dream. He goes back to Bethel and there he really dedicate himself and his family his new family to the Lord there at Bethel It's a place of dedication consecration to the Lord and so all the ashes from all of these burned. Idols went up to were taken up to Bethel and and Josiah also removed all the. Compromised priests from their posts. And he had a number of them killed according to Second Kings twenty three verse twenty one. You better and more recalcitrant and obstinant look at me in verse fifteen of the same Chapter Seven Kings twenty three verse fifteen notice. Says moreover the altar. That was at Bethel and the high place which Jeroboam the son of the bat who made Israel sin had made both that altar and the high place. He broke down. He burned the high place and crushed it to powder and burned the wooden image. Here's another reason why Josiah went up to Bethel as a fulfillment of the prophecy that God had given a couple of hundred years earlier. You remember it was here that you can read the story in first Kings Chapter thirteen versus two and three where Jeroboam had set up counterfeit centers of worship in Dan and Bethel and it was three hundred years before that this had taken place and so he took it is actually a fulfillment that prophecy he took that all to be burned and became ashes specifically and as as as accurately as had been prophesied earlier. And while he was up in that region. He was also taking the bones out of tombs and burning the bones of of deceased priests and when he came across a particular tomb and the Bible calls it the man of gods to remember who the man of God was the man of God three hundred years before it was the prophet that came to Jeroboam and told him exactly what was going to happen three hundred years later at the hand of Josiah you know just size name was mentioned back there in the first Kings Chapter thirteen. It was the man who came in. It was the man also who was who got it was deceived by a false prophet and he was killed by the way on the road is kind of a strange and old story. And when they found him there was a line on one side of the road there was a donkey on the other side of the road and he was dead. The man was buried and this is the same. Man and just Cyrus said he wasn't going to defile that to me Let him alone. Now it's interesting when you read through our Second Kings Chapter twenty three because it really deals with all of the actions of of Josiah with regard to removing idolatry from the land. It's interesting that the the word the phrase defiled occurs time and time again that he he defiled the other tombs by removing the bones of the deceased and burning them on altars wide. Why would the Bible writers say that he would defile these tombs by burning the bones on the altars and also defiling the altars because what the altars already defiled when it was an incense being burned a false gods by Ellen Ashcroft and the rest truly. This Act This act may have been highly offensive but just side did this to show contempt for the form of worship Jeroboam had set up in the place of true worship and so when it says over and over again a second Kings Chapter twenty three that he to file this place a defile that place. It was because he was showing great contempt for that form of worship that was contrary to the worship of the true God. Now some would accuse Josiah of being extreme in tearing down and burning up every trace of idolatry in Judah. But I would suggest that it was more extreme to sacrifice children during pagan worship services because that's exactly what they were doing but with me at second king twenty three was to notice it as any defiled top fifth which is in the Valley of the son of Hinnom that no man might make his fire make his son or daughter rather pass through the fire and more like that's what the children visual had stooped to following the practices of the pagan the pagans around them sacrificing their own children to these pagan gods unknown gods and so on. So certainly that was extreme and to not a spider webs not to destroy these centers of words. It was to invite the continuation of the evil practices that were that were the fruit of idolatry and soldier. Joe it Josiah just remove every single trace of idol worship. Now the writers of King and were just following along in the story the writers of Kings and Chronicles reveals that Josiah cold for the celebration of the Passover as well and that no Passover no Passover had been observed that was so great. Since the day of the judges and if you read the account especially in Second Chronicles thirty five it takes up the entire chapter to read about all the that the sacrifices of the animals that were brought and there were copious amounts. There was no great a Passover since the days of the judges and Josiah It says also remove the spirit mediums out of out of the land seeking to eradicate eradicate all vestiges of spiritual ism and he was faithful in doing that as well. So at the end of his life. What commendation was given to Josiah for all that he did to stay the tide of idolatry because me at verse twenty five of the same chapter Second Kings twenty three notice and says Now before him there was no king like him who turned to the Lord with how much of his heart. All of his heart with all his soul and with all his might. According to all the Law of Moses no after him that any arise like him. Not in other words no other king applied himself so vigorously to enforce Mosaic law. Josiah wasn't just interested by the way in extend the external compliances of the law but was also wanting to embrace the spirit of that law to me to Jeremiah twenty two just to be finger a second kings just jump over the Jeremiah twenty two verses fifteen and sixteen. Notice what the prophet says here in Germany twenty two fifteen and sixteen. It says Shall you reign because you enclosure self in cedar did not your father eat and drink and he just. Yes and righteousness. Then it was well with him he judged the cause of the poor and needy then it was well was not this knowing me says a lot. This is a reference to Josiah did he not do justice and righteousness. Did he not judge the cause of the poor and the needy and it's interesting. Jeremiah likens these actions and this hot religion of Josiah to knowing God to knowing him. Jesus said in John seventeen that we would know him and God the Father you say we would come to know him by will when it talks about knowing God is coming to know him intimately personally in so much sell ads are transformed and changed and we begin to imitate the one that we are getting to know you say it's a powerful testimony of Josiah's life no one before. No one after you know this was this was this was a matter of the heart for Josiah. If it was a matter of externals he wouldn't be considering anybody but himself and trying to just simply please God and rack up brownie points. So God would consider him favorable. But this was hard work for Josiah in some much that he foresaw in knew what was going to come and when he wanted God's judgment to be tempered with mercy for the people that would remind Josiah didn't bring about decided reform to bring an end to the judgments of God but because it was the right thing to do and because he had compassion for God's people. But unfortunately age of thirty nine just died in a battle that he should have avoided and you can read that in Second Chronicles thirty five verses twenty to twenty five a Syria and Egypt where an alliance against Babylon and a Babylon was the new ruling empire of of that time Syria and Egypt were in alliance. Nico the second who was the Egyptian King was on his way to. To the your Fridays to engage with Babylon and against Nikos Council Josiah rose up to fight him Josiah saw that as a threat of a. War. And I rose up to fight him and Niko said don't do it don't do it as a matter of fact let's go over Second Chronicles thirty five just for a moment. Let's take a look here. It's interesting the words that Nico uses it's interesting he says verse twenty one but he sent messages to him saying What have I to do with you. King of Juda this is Niko to just sire. I have not come against you. This day but against the house which I have war for God commanded me to make haste refrain from our meddling with God who is with me. Lest he destroy you. Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him was this message from God even though it came through the mouth of a pagan King. It was it certainly was. Josiah didn't listen. And in this battle that he sought said his face to go. Go into he was severely wounded and he died. Josiah sensually died for being self-confident and failing to listen to the Word of God God speaks to us friends through various methods and means he speaks to us through prophets sometimes through angels speaks to us through the Bible speaks to us through nature and in case of Josiah through a pagan King he sought to speak to him through commonsense but Josiah didn't listen. He was. Happy with the promise that God had given him that he wouldn't see the demise of Judah and in his self-confidence. He didn't heed the word of God and he died and untimely death and the Second Chronicles thirty five. Let's go back over the Second Chronicles thirty five twenty four and twenty five. Notice how the people responded to the death of Josiah is his servants therefore took him out of that chariot put him in the second chariot that he had and they brought him to Jerusalem. So. He died and was buried in one of the tombs of his father's an old Jew dangerous home to do on that morning I mourn for Josiah was twenty five Jeremiah also lamented for just size and to this day all the singing men in the singing women speak of just in their limitations that made it a custom in Israel and indeed they are written in the elements and saw oh. Josiah's death was greeted by. Serious and severe morning on behalf of the people and the prophets and it's interesting. However that there would be no weeping at the death of Josiah's sons and you can read that in Jeremiah twenty two verses ten and eighteen would be no weeping and we go as we read a little bit about them will understand why I mourn for they wept and I mourn for Josiah but they would be no weeping or mourning for his sons when I read this account. I got to thinking what type of legacy the Y. want to leave. If I were to die before the Lord comes. What type of legacy do you think just I left a powerful legacy for the children visual I missed as told in their response right. They saw him as a as a as a man of God a man who brought about tremendous reforms a man who cared for his people and they mourned him what legacy. What legacy are you going to leave for your family and your friends if you were to die before the Lord comes what legacy you leaving. Now let's go to Monday's lesson. We're going to skim through these four last four kings of Juda. Monday Jehovah has and Joel came another the saint. Now these stories are found in Second Kings twenty three verses thirty one through to Second Kings twenty four verse five and second that parallel a callous found a Second Chronicles thirty six verses one through eight look at Second Kings with a chapter twenty three Second Kings twenty three and will read verse thirty one. Those thirty one. It says and Jehovah has was twenty three years old when he became king and he reign three months in Jerusalem his mother's name was Mattel the daughter of Jeremiah of the living the not Jeremiah the prophet Jeremiah of Linda. So this is just how it has and according to first Chronicles chapter three verse fifteen His name was actually shoot shoot shoot him he was twenty three years old when he began to rain and the only rain for three months he was the youngest son of Josiah and according to the account he was chosen by the people at head of Jehovah Kim who was the oldest of Josiah. Now it is a shame that it's somewhat speculated that. That Jehovah has was chosen by the people because he was of the anti Egyptian party. There were two political parties. The anti Egyptian party in the project. And Jehovah has was chosen chosen perhaps because he was of the anti Egyptian party it is assumed that this is the reason he was also swiftly replaced by Nico of Egypt and the Bible records. Sadly he did evil in the side of the Lord. Joel has was imprisoned in reply which is two hundred miles north of Judah and he did this so that he could come and assess the situation and after assessing the situation Nikko decided to put the land under tribute or another words made Judah of vassal state of Egypt and he removed Jehovah has from the throne any place JOA Kim the oldest of Josiah on it in his place and you can read that in Second Kings twenty three thirty four as much as read that and then Pharaoh Nikko made Eliakim the son of just saya King in place of his Father Josiah and changed his name to him in fair I took Jehovah has and went to Egypt and he died. The very sad end to a very short reign to King. JOHO A has who did evil in the side of the Lord. Now. JOHO a camel I like him like his name was changed to him. Too as a reminder that he owned owed his sovereignty to Egypt how would you like that your name is changed and every time someone calls your name Ohio King came it reminds you that you are only king because another power foreign powers put you in that place in this was this must of. Must have harassed him. And it was assured him that to how it came was of the pro party and that's why Nikko put him in that place he was twenty five when he began to run and you notice the young age of the kings when they began during the reign for eleven years and he like his brother his younger brother did evil in the sight of the Lord. Just hold him by the way was the first of the Three Kings last three kings of Judah who became vassals to Babylon to never can as a and also that those of the last three kings that rebelled against Never can as a bringing about the three besieging Zob Jerusalem which ultimately ended in the demise of that city. Now according to scripture here. John Hiatt Jehovah Kim and acted attacks on all the people in order to return that tribute back to Mico do you think the people would have been happy about that non the poor and the rich were taxed and they were heavily taxed in order to pay that tribute to Nikko Now according to Jeremiah I'm going to go over there. Jeremiah chapter twenty two germ I list some unfavorable unsavory attributes of Jehovah. Let's take a look at these briefly. Jeremiah chapter twenty two and we're going to start verse thirteen notice some of these unsavory attributes of King German twenty two first starting with verse thirteen. This is why to him who builds his. House by unrighteousness and his chambers by an justice who uses his neighbor's service without wages and gives him nothing for his work. Who says I will build myself a while a White House with spacious chambers and cut out windows for it. Paneling it would see the and painting it with the million. Shall you rain because you inclosure self in Caesar Sida did not your Father Josiah eat and drink and do justice and righteousness. Then it was well with him he judged the cause of the poor in the needy then it was well was not this knowing me says the Lord. Yet those seventeen your eyes and your hot for nothing but for but your coverage for shedding innocent blood and practicing oppression and violence and I go over to vote. Chapter twenty six. Let's read a few more verses Chapter twenty six verses twenty to twenty three. It says now there was also a man who prophesied in the name of the Lord your rajah the son of courage after John and prophet who prophesied against this city and against this land. According to all the words of Jeremiah. And when Jehovah came the king with all his mighty men and all the princes heard his words the King sought to put your Rajah to death. Put him to death but when you heard it he was afraid fled and went to Egypt twenty two. Then came the king sent men to Egypt El Neff and the son of Bor and all other men who went with him to Egypt. He was twenty three and they brought you. Raja from Egypt and brought him to him. The king who killed him with the sword and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people was to hold him a nice guy. If you crossed his path you were going to get it if you said something he didn't like that was the end as a matter of fact if you compare these verses with Jeremiah twenty two verses eighteen and nineteen. It is stated that Kim was given the burial of a donkey. He was given the burial of a donkey. Here he gives the man of God The prophet a burial with the common people. And Joe Hall accumulate a reverse what he saw those and he's given a burial with the donkeys how would you like to be buried with animals. He was a king king of Juda who was buried with animals and I'll just jump over to Chapter thirty six post twenty three where we're just summarizing some of the unsavory attributes of Joel him. Jeremiah thirty six of those twenty three last verse here. And it happened when Judy and three. Had read three or four columns that the king. This is talking about Jehovah came cut it. This is the scroll of the scroll of Jeremiah cut it with the scribes knife and cast it into the fire that was on the hoof until all the scroll was consumed in the fire that was on the hoof. He didn't like what you had to say he didn't like if you wrote to him he'd throw it in the face cut it in pieces and threw it in the fire. So how can we summarize. What type of attributes to the have he was extravagant he was covered this he was oppressive he was unjust he was impious and he was also bloodthirsty was an e as man was did that was which was evil in the sight of the Lord. Now just a backing up just a quick quick moment when Babylon's decisive victory Akaka mesh and her mouth in six zero five B.C. occurred it exposed Syria and also Palestine to Babylon. And just how a Kim. Became under the rule of never has a became a vassal and surrendered hostages. Thus beginning the predicted seventy years of captivity that Jeremiah had prophesied so was under King JOHO of him. That the seventy year captivity that was prophesied that was predicted occurred you say and Daniel the prophet was a what was one among the first captives and in second. Kings Chapter twenty four. Let's go back over there were just jumping around a little bit learning a few things here in the days of never can as a king of Babylon came up. Joey came behold became his. Vassal for three years. Then he turned rebelled against him and so it is said that John Howard Kim was a vassal a battle on for three years but then he switched his law three back to Egypt which appear like a good move for the for the time being but it came back to bite him. And according to verse two God allowed marauders to frustrate Judah as a matter of fact. They left the land pretty desolate in certain places and that was predicted in Jeremiah. Or at least it was mentioned in Jeremiah Chapter twenty five chapter four and verse twenty just jump back there with me for a moment. This is an important. One of the kind of thing around this verse for just a moment German chapter four in verse twenty you want to hang around least a few verses and notice how the Prophet describes the desolation of the land that came as a result of Jehovah Kim's rebellion against havoc in as a German Chapter four verse twenty destruction upon destruction is cried for the whole land is plundered suddenly my tents are plundered and my curtains in a moment. How long will I see the standard and hear the sound of the trumpet for my people are foolish. They have not known me they are silly children they have no understanding their wise to do evil but to do good. They have no knowledge. I beheld the Earth and indeed it was without form and void in the heavens they had no light and beheld the mountains and indeed they trembled and all the hills moved back and forth and behold indeed there was no man and all the birds of the heavens fled and behold behold I beheld and indeed the fruitful land was a wilderness and all the cities were broken down at the presence of the Lord by the theists by his fierce anger For thus saith the Lord the whole land shall be desolate yet I will not make a full and pretty terrible pretty terrible situation that came upon Judah here. Now it's interesting that these verses also have a jewel application don't I. These verses have a jewel application predictions of Old Testament prophets can be divided into four sections. First of all that which was related to that particular time of the writing of the prophet. Also number two those prophecies that were related directly related to the coming of the Messiah the first time. Number three that which was. Related to the future and the coming of the Messiah the second time. So for example Daniel's great prophecies in Daniel Chapter two and seven and then fourthly Jule prophecies and that's what you have here in Jeremiah Chapter twenty verses chapter four verses twenty to twenty nine it was applied to the present at that time after Jehovah Kim's rebellion against Babylon and it's also a pleasurable to the future. What part of the future. What time in the future. During the time of. During the millennium during the one thousand years. Notice Notice it says in verse in verse twenty. Twenty six all of this was happening at the presence of who of the Lord and by his fierce anger. This is a reference to the coming of the of Jesus and the destruction of the world essentially and during the one thousand years in Revelation chapter twenty John records that the world's condition was like a bottomless pit a world that was without form and void darkness was upon the face of the earth question though. How do you know that this is actually a job prophecy that's related to a particular time. Much later in the future with reference to the second coming of Jesus. So there's more there's a lot I'd like to share with you here. Briefly But here's here's a principle just to keep in mind here something very important. Keep in mind we know that it that parts of it relate that parts of the prophecies so Testament prophecies are. Light to the future because later inspired writers tell us that they are this is an we didn't just pick this out and say OK this is this is going to this is going to be a prediction of the future when you read the New Testament and you read the prophecies that come later on you begin to realize that these some of this. Some of what is written here has a jewel application to what is going to occur at the second coming in during the great one thousand years of Revelation chapter twenty. This is just one instance and there are plenty others but that's just a principle to keep in mind when you're dealing with Joel applications does a later inspired prophet a later inspired writer make an application of that prophecy to a lighter event very important principle to keep in mind while eventually going to keep moving eventually John Hiatt Kim was bound in bronze chains and he was carried off to Egypt or rather to Babylon and and tells us that he didn't go well for him there. Now let's go to choose day and we're going to look at the last few kings Second Chronicles Chapter thirty six and verse nine. It says just how action was eight years old or courting the second kings actually eighteen years old. Jehovah Chin who was also known as known as can. Jack or by Jeremiah he began to rule when he was eighteen and not eight years of age. If you compare this with Jeremiah twenty two in verse twenty eight. It says that when he was taken into captivity his children went into captivity as well not possible to have children at the age of eight years. You see who is really eighteen he reigned for three months and ten days unlike his father JOHO of him he did evil in the side of the law. Inside of the Lord and according to Jeremiah chapter twenty two verses twenty four thirty his downfall or at least the demise of his kingdom was prophesied you know if if something were. Said about you and it was negative and it would cause wouldn't cause you to wake you up and kind of regroup and and start doing the right thing. If you were on the wrong track. It ought to it should. You probably remember hearing the story about Alfred noble he was best known for his invention of dynamite. I call him the arms manufacturer he was given a premature obituary. He read his own a bit you area in the newspaper and some of suggested that and they bitchery condemned him as a merchant of death and some of suggested that because of the reading of his own a bit. He he changed his ways and created the Noble Peace Prize. If you read your obituary. And you bitchery wasn't positive it was negative. Just like. Would you change your ways would you give your heart over to the Lord. Do you think you ought you would and allow the Lord to direct your steps and that's not what happened. Also rebelled against Never can as a and that the city was besieged again and at this time. Jehovah chin was taken prisoner his mom his children his servants the princes and the officers never can as Or also took the king's treasures cut the gold the gold out of the temple and he took the captains of and the heroes of war ten thousand captives craftsman's craftsmen and Smiths leaving only the poor in the land and you can read that in Second Kings twenty four verses the same this was the year five ninety seven and this was the year that was taken into captivity. You say well I want to jump over to Wednesday's lesson and we talk about Zedekiah he was the last king of. He was the last king of Juda his name was matter Naya he was just chins uncle in other words he was the brother of the son of Josiah and Hezekiah Kyra reigned in his stead. He was twenty one years old he reigned eleven. Years. And despite that his name meant Jehovah is righteousness. He also did that which was evil in the side of the Lord and he rebelled against never can. There's a Jeremiah had warned the Kings for not to not believe the false reports of the prophets the false prophets and you can read this in Jeremiah twenty seven and twenty eight the false prophets were saying that you know what Babylon you're broke your York's going to be broken. You're not going to be subject to the Babylon give it two more years and you'll be free and the kings were believing it now setting the people up for absolute disaster and Jeremiah warned against that and it brought. Great hurt upon the children of Israel and the children of Juda it was in the ninth year of the reign of never can answer that he came to see Jerusalem for the last time and that was in the last years at a Chi's reign. Zedekiah did a Skype. But then he was eventually captured and unfortunately all his sons were killed right before his eyes and the last thing his eyes saw before they were plucked out was the death of his children he was chained and he was taken to Babylon never can as a decimated Jerusalem burn the temple the king's houses and according to Second Kings twenty five verse nine he burned all the homes in Jerusalem. This is what happened to a nation who turned from God and worship idols. Now we don't necessarily worship idols today literal idols we may not but we may have an idol. It's a matter of fact in the in James chapter form verse four James likens worldliness and worldly practices that are contrary to the plans and will of God as equivalent set to idolatry or spiritual fornication and so we the warning is there for each one of us to listen to God's prophets to heed his word to cast out any idol that might be in our heart or in our life and let Jesus reign supreme. It's interesting in all of this Jesus guy. God had continued to provide hope and encouragement his people. Yes there was warning but there was also wonderful hope and one of those things that is recorded in chapter twenty three and you read verses two to eight we won't read it today. But suffice to say Jeremiah points to the solution to Judas problem and a solution is the Lord Our Righteousness. Jesus our righteousness is the answer to idolatry he's the. He's seen as a legalism and as the answer to sentimental ism. There is no doubt that Jesus provides if you might be going through a difficult period in your life. Maybe they might you might be being chastened by the Lord knows that it's for a good end he's seeking to bring you back and pointing you to the one who truly can make you righteous and that is Jesus Christ surrender your heart to him Make sure you give your hard time each and every day to be Lord of your life. I'm not going to say things will all go well and pretty and things will be pretty and rosy. But you can know that you will be on the side of the Lord he'll be on your side he'll be with you you'll bless you. He's provided copious promises Ventura you'll come back. He's going to give up an exchange to this media was brought to you by audio first a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio first if you would like to listen to more sermon visit W.W.W. or.

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