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Soil: Carbon Fertility

Whitmar McConnell


This class will look at the importance of and three ways to improve Carbon fertility. 


Whitmar McConnell

Owns and operates Golden Moment Farm in Means, KY



  • January 27, 2017
    9:30 AM
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Father in heaven. Again as we've already been blessed it's morning with physical nourishment and some spiritual nourishment through the main meaning we just pray that you would continue to be present with is that your spirit would open our hearts and minds to truth and not only open it to them but to bring it about Jesus' name in that. OK we're today we're going to be talking about carbon fertility. What that means is we're going to be talking about organic matter what we're going to be talking about is how you get carbon fertility into your system the most the most common Well let me start with these two. These two. With these two Bible verses. I've given you this one already. To the law and to the testimony if they speak not according to this word is because there's no light in them. That conjunction isn't and it's not in or or a but and that means that both of those things have to be consistent with each other. Organic matter is testimony. It's the coming together of the dust in the breath and that becoming a living being. Now. I could use two different terms I could use or Gammick matter ness typically associated with what path. I would call it past testimonies whatever it was once alive is now dead and breaking back down. And that's a valuable asset in itself that we can learn from the experiences of others. What I hope you'll get out of this one before we're done is that you need to be careful about whose testimony you're listening to. Because it's not all. In the next one points out what I'd like you to be doing and that is they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb and again the conjunction is an end in the war abide by the word of their testimony. Whose testimony. Our own testimony not somebody else's testimony by their own testimony. OK so here's that pie chart again you've got a by the way one of the reasons I need to talk about the soil biology is because invariably when you have Congresses like this and people come in and share and I don't have any problem whatsoever with that you know different ideas get put out and then people have to try to figure out what so and so saying this and so and so saying who's right and so I want to be able to talk about so a biology because believe it or not. That is becoming more and more prior prominent than the organic movement and I believe there are some some errors in that perspective on that and we need to I just need to put them out there and then you guys can decide you know what conclusions you want to come to about it. I just think that there first things first and those those foundational things then lead to the the the full function and benefit of other things. So if you look at this again your foundation is your you're determined aspect you're minerals. And then you're I call your random aspect or your understanding and that's the air and water characteristics and then when those two things come together just like the Bible says you it becomes a living being. Now when we're going to look at our Gammick matter in this part Char what they're typically looking at is past testimony it's what's already been you could put another term on a you could put on their biomass and that now includes the living. The living testimony you put it that way. So it's your plants that are now living in your past that are now growing the organisms in the soil that are living and growing and being productive not just what's what has been. So what we need to look at. That is how do we achieve this this carbon fertility because you have to. This is one of the the most important aspects you have to have this testimony. In order for the whole system to work really well and fact plants prefer. Their nutrients to come from. Organic sources they prefer that way. Now why do they prefer it that way. Well it's a lot more efficient for them. In fact the plant will actually dump Photosynth dates or exude them out the roots in other words. Doctoring and call them cakes and cookies but a bad message to its sugars energy sources. They'll dump up to seventy five percent of that Photosynth a they'll dump it out their roots into the soil. They're giving it away. Now there's a reason they're giving it away because what they're. I'll give you the give you and what happens and a quick summary they're dumping that sugar out and out of your nose day when a class stuff in it. First comes up and then there's kind of a low enough that they're not really growing that rapidly. That's because they're given everything away. And what they're what they're doing is they're get They're exuding they're specific. Compounds energy compounds that will encourage specific biological communities particularly bacterial communities. What happens is that bacterial communities explode in growth. And then there's a shift back in the plant starts using more the photos and they to grow and what happens is in there and we'll see in the biological process that that the bacterial population dies back down to a more regular level and what the plant just did was build itself a bank account. And what it's going to do is this it's going to. When it when the time comes in that I don't even have this in here but the the critical points of influence there is critical points of influence in the vegetative growth or framing and it's critical points of influence in the reproductive. Growth but what they what they're going to do is what it they they make the transition from vegetative growth or framing to reproductive growth. They still have to maintain the plant right but they now have to bear fruit and that's the mandate and you'll see a lot of diseases occur and we'll talk about that and in the last class because the plant has the mandate to bear fruit to reproduce it will pull everything out of the planet has to in order to reproduce and that leads to disease sometimes because there is a lack of nourishment there's hidden hunger that nobody ever saw. Until that that process starts. But what the plant does with that if the conditions are right. This works if the plan is stressed for whatever reason at the time it should be doing that then the thought of time just doesn't happen and you get to that that process that reproductive transition and things kind of start falling apart. But when it goes to that transition. It's going to tap that bank account. And it's going to start pulling all that resource that it that it built early on to finish out that that reproductive mandate on there and successfully successfully do it if this process happen the way it's supposed to happen. Now if some things are missing in that process then it doesn't happen this way and that's one of the reasons you have the disease pressure in the past pressure that you wind up having will talk about some illustrations of what has actually happens in that process then. So there's there's three different ways. There's probably more but fundamentally is there's three different ways to achieve that. Now. I gave you this Bible verse here because it's by the word of our testimony that we overcome and we're going to see that and the most important way of achieving carbon fertility in the soil it's it's it's the least focused on but it's the most important and there's three ways. That you can build carbon or Garecht matter in your soil the most common one is through over the application of organic materials which is like applying compost in minorities or castings of. On your soil. What do you see as the hazard with that. Now if you need it and it fits your need. There's nothing wrong with it and other words if that testimony just remember it is testimony every time you you think about it. If it fits your needs. There's it's completely fine to do that but what can you see is a potential problem with that. It's somebody else's testimony and it may not be what you need. It may not be what you need and just the overt application of organic matter from any source and you not know with with you. Not knowing what your condition is and what your need is and whether or not that fits with that need. You will ultimately cause yourself problems. And remember I had said I think I'd share and I get lost by this time into the conference because I talk to so many people in between meanies and I don't remember what I was sharing with somebody between the meetings and what I shared during the meetings. If you remember. Organic matter is made up of combination of the dust and the breath and so you have what I call air elements and you have earth elements and when organic matter begins to break down into a stable form which is called humus which is which we shared those terms before defined his terms before when it does that any surpluses are left out. And he accesses because when it breaks down into a stable form. It's balanced. That's what makes it stable is it's a balance material and actually Dr Albrecht examined stable humans. He analyzed it in the lab because he was trying every way you could verify that he was giving people a correct model and so he analyzed stable humans in a lab and it came up. Exactly exactly like the model that he. Come up with. And he actually traveled around the world and found some of the most fertile soils and analyze them and and it came up the same way very similar to it not identical. So what happens is you have the area limits and you have the earth and that's what happens to the air elements that are excess. Where they go to go back into the air they return to go back into the areas carbon dioxide oxygen nitrogen gas air or to water H two O. Those are all those are all Erol amounts. Including nitrogen believe it or not. There's thirty five thousand tons of nitrogen above every acre soil thirty five thousand tons. If you could tack. If you could tap that reservoir of nitrogen for a year your needs you. Nice you need for your plants which you can by the way you would never have to apply in one thousand stores. Again. So it goes back to the air. What happens to the what happens to the mineral part of Whereas ago. Stays right there. Now it potentially could leak out. But the reality is it's left behind. If any of you grow into a climate where you have a net about peroration what that means is a dry climate and so water's net evaporating as opposed to staying in the ground. You know what a white crust on the surface looks like you know where water comes up it evaporates and it leaves the minerals behind the salts behind you see that white. Crystal and substance on the surfaces. That's been left behind the minerals are left behind. So you're stuck with the minerals and L. and less of the conditions are such that they can be leased out you happen you stuck with them. Well did you need them or didn't you need in I'll tell you the number one. For growers. It's a primarily a problem for organic growers because of the way they for they do their fertility. But there's even conventional growers to get into the same problem. Remember when we were talking about phosphate or elemental phosphorus and I was saying it doesn't go anywhere it stays in the soil and nobody knows how to get rid of it when it starts building up. We don't know there are some things that can suppress it. But nobody knows how to get rid of it. The number one problem that are Ghana growers run into is they get from applying compost the manure is a year after year after year they accumulate phosphate in their soils. Sometimes they accumulate potassium too because it's a pretty high. Has pretty high content and compost in the north too. But it leaches. It's legal and so a lot of times they will run into that problem or they're going to hide them in passing to man crops and so they don't run into that problem but a lot of times it's just a lot of it leeches out. So not everybody runs into that problem but. Once you have that problem you're stuck with it and so you now have to work with with an imbalance or an excess that that you're going to have to try to manage because you know it's not going to go anywhere and nobody knows how to get it going where. So the point on that is if this is the most common way that organic matter is applied overtly coming from somewhere else. Now. The notion that this is a sustainable practice which is promoted in that in that school of thought too is foolishness as well because you're taking organic matter from some other place in order to supply yourself and what typically happens is you're applying more Gannett matter to your soil than nature would ever apply at any one time. And in a lot of cases way way way beyond what would ever be applied in any one time. And so but the reality is you're what happens in the places. Took the organic matter from. It's it's been an imbalance it's been lost there. In order to do that. So they simply have a hand up. Yeah you use you use phosphate in growth. But here's the. You don't use it at a fast enough rate and and what happed typically happens when you get the conditions those conditions. There's a lot of phosphate tied up in the rock in the soil. And you get available phosphate there and it encourages the microbes in the soil. They just tend to cut keep replenishing what you're taken out. I know growers have been trying to grow out excessive phosphate for twenty years and it's barely moved so there's just some things in life you just don't want to get yourself into. Because they're very hard to get out of. So anyway that's the first one and I'm just going to be the last one that I look at because I think as I think it's probably of the three choices you have it's probably the the least desirable. It's not undesirable but I think of the three it's it's I put it at the bottom of the list. It's at the top of the list with everybody now but I think it should be at the bottom. That's the second the second way to to do that is through crematorium cover cropping. Now I'm not going to we're going to look at each of these are not going to go a lot of detail but the second list is to derive that carbon fertility from your own soil. That's what you're doing is you're deriving it from your own soil by going growing BREMAN over and cover crossing is deriving from your own soil so you know what your condition is you're not going to and you. Well look at those and we get to it and the third one is this carbon induction and this is something that a healthy system does successfully and what I mean by that. We'll see in just seconds we're going to look at it first place. But this is overcoming by the word of your. Own testimony. This is a soil itself generating that that carbon fertility and not just generating but generating at it. I didn't put the Bible verse in here but you guys know the Bible verse about being pressed down and overflowing. This is done because of a surplus. This happens because there's a surplus of energy in the system. That you can build that car and it when you get your life gets to that place where you're pressed down and overflowing when you can help a spillover into other people's life you've got extra to give. This kind of thing happens. So the number one thing on my list is carbon induction e e might not get to this right away because you've got to build the you've got to build the conditions. You've got to restore the conditions that this will happen and so we're going to talk about that one first and OK carbon induction is is is a biological cascade this done by the life in the soil. And I'll give you the steps that happens in the first step folk a passerby photosynthesis is established in other words that the plant is photosynthesizing at the fullest capacity that is capable of. And most crops can produce as much as three to five times more Photosynth synthetic energy than they typically do. The reasons for that they're investing completely in balance fertility. They don't have the minerals necessary to run the machinery full function. They don't have the porosity to get full area and capillarity you know water height dynamics to provide that they'll allow the plant to operate at full function if you've got a cooling system and you don't have adequate water where you can only run that system system so much and not overheat. So all of these factors come into play. But it's full capacity photosynthesis. And that requires complete imbalance fertility for the plant to be able to do that. What happens. Next is that sugars are released as root exudate when I was just talking about a little bit ago. It's dumped out of the roots. This happens ongoing state system in early on they dump way you know the vast majority of it but then they back off in about twenty five percent of the Navy is being dumped into the soil. They're continually continually. Shifting what they want what they need from the soil. You'll see when we get to the so biology presentation I call those gods unseen agencies because we don't really see what they're doing but we get the effect and God is employed all kinds of agencies for our well being. If we'll just avail ourselves of them. So the planets continue to dump those exude ace which are primarily energy compounds but they shift the type of energy compound it is in by doing that they encourage fungal populations or they encourage bacterial populations or they encourage very specific bacterial operate. Populations are very specific fungal populations to provide to them. Minerals water and other compounds what they're doing. Remember I said earlier they prefer their nutrients in organic form. I never finished why the reason why is this much more efficient form the microbes in the soil can produce those compounds form way more efficiently than they can produce in themselves and when they have to expend the energy to build those compounds themselves in a plant. Then you don't get the growth in the productivity that you would by having a allowing the biology to do that for them in a cell that's why organic matter when you put it on helps things grow so well because there's a lot of compounds in the organic form in that material and so it saves the planet a lot of energy. And save all our growing time by being able to to tap that that resource in the microbes can access it rapidly because it's already there. It just has to be broken back down into the form and the Mike origins break it down into the form that the plant exact form that the plant needs and then the plant trades this. The energy compounds for those compounds and they use that in the play and the microbes use the energy compounds in the that process. It's a giving relationship. I keep bringing this box of books with me and I'm going to leave it here now because I carried it back and forth a handful of times there's a book and there are. How the SO works by Dr Paul silty and let me just grab it out here on a rigid Well I'll get it out. We do the biology. I'll get that book out. But the subtitle is The God plain mutual isn't camera the rest of the title but what he what it his contention is the book is that everything has its food source. And it's a giving it's a selfless giving culture and when that's working. Well things go well and when it's not working. You have hostility and and fear and and all kinds of bad things happen to result of it but we're going to get to that for sure because I'm not going to hear that box down here pretty heavy. OK So that's just Paul silty S Y E L T I.E. I'm going to read a short story to you two I think with the last one. It was written by a man and it was published in one social scientists it was published in one thousand nine hundred fifty six and it's about the aconite what happened in the Yakima Valley in Washington State. And I think it's a really good. It's a really good it does it's not really long but. And I can leave it for people look at if you like to OK So that's the second step sugars are releases really exude a spot back to your populations develop rapidly to utilize these sugars number three as bacterial populations develop they extract minerals from the soil mineral matrix to build their own cells. Number for plants absorb and I need to slow down just in this to OK OK OK as bacterial populations develop in other words is that population explodes. They extract minerals from the soil mineral matrix which would include the. The complex and the organic matter complex and apparent material complex all three of them. They they will they will take minerals from and it's to build their own cells. We can back up to the to the power comes back on you'll see what happens here in just a second as we go through the process. Now it's it's actually there eaten by something else. But we'll get to it. Here you know they're using they're using exudate Slike he said they're using exudate too to edge the mineral out of the rock to break the rock down. That's this is an interesting thing they are actually using they're using different acidic forms to do it. Depending on what they're trying to do this is a complex system very specific system but most people don't realize that now a lot of people tell you that this is one reason you want slight acidity and when you have balance so you're slightly acidic because what happens is that hydrogen is this excluded. If it's kicked off the call identity goes and it works on a pair of rock. So if you line your soil. I mean this is why it doesn't necessarily matter if you line your soil or not because that acidity it is going to either work on something else to be neutralized that way by the the breaking down the rock or it's going to be react with with hydroxyl Lions through other reactions and it turned back into water. So a lot of people think you want to go when you want to fill you up as far as you can get it. New to neutral. And things will grow well that way. It's not that they won't grow that way because plants put out acidic exudate the microbes put out excess acidic as you days to get what they want. Believe it or not. The plant root can change that. What's called the rise of sphere. Which is right around the interface with the root where the microbes function the highest in everything they can change the PH in that thing they can break it all way down to three. And they can raise it all the way up. And this this argument is the argument of people the consultants who can't get it right because they're trying to mix and mingle things that are not compatible. Then they'll argue that the object system doesn't work because it didn't work but the reason. The reason that it didn't is and this is not the reason it in but one of the excuses they make is well you know you're just getting a snapshot in time. Anyway in the plans for plants change the chemistry and everything like that but that is true but it doesn't affect the overall general ph of the soil. It affects the riser sphere right and where the where the plant root is growing but it's a common I hear it a common excuse as to why they couldn't why they didn't work is because well you know. It's really just changing all the time and you can't really know exactly what it is. And yes that's true. There is variability in it and so from moment to maybe took a sample today and you took a sample A week later it might be slightly different. Because conditions have changed. It's a little bit so it might be slight it's not going to be radically different it's just going to be slightly different. OK So you did you guys get all the number three. OK. This kind of goes back to your comment. Question number four is plants absorb microbial metabolites So these are these are by products of the microbial the microbes metabolizing living. And everything. Some of it is. Waste products they give off themselves and some of it is well some of it's waste products that they give off themselves. So part of that is you'll have the next sex not the silly it's in a protozoa in the biological hierarchy. There will consume the bacteria and it's way more nitrogen in the bacteria than they need and so they they excrete high levels of nitrogen back out of the soil and sought in a form that it's compatible to the plant favorable to the plant and plant picks it up. That's what's happening here plants absorb microbial metabolites and become exceptionally energy efficient. Again because they're taking these compounds in a form that's the most efficient to take them up and then they don't have to utilize all. A lot of that photosynthetic energy to do all this processing themselves. This resulting this results in the development of elevated look at levels that they may know what liquids are that oil. That in mind is we're going to go in along here. You have a question. This is number four. Yeah plants absorb microbial metabolites and become exceptionally energy efficient resulting in the development of elevated look at levels basically fats or oil Lipitor the form that it's that cell walls that Lipitor how the form that there is constructed in the cell walls and other structural components. OK there have that when. The next step is those lifted are exuded from the roots in other words the same thing. It was doing with the sugars now it's it's a circle us. It's being dumped out the roots again. So it's are there exuded from the roots and are digested by so fungal populations. We had a bacterial populations first now we're having the fungal populations. Is digested by some of fungal soil populations which expand rapidly. In other words there's a there's a symbiotic relationship going on here again you know giving away. It's a surplus remember this. It's always a surplus that pressed down and overflowing honestly people are not mindful of anybody else or anything else around them when they're. Being at a deficit. It's only when you're pressed down and overflowing that you become mindful and apathetic towards the world around you and in the people around you. And good things start happening when you're in at place before that sometimes we try to do this over. These over applications and sometimes they work out well and sometimes they don't work out so well. OK Number six. And it's the final one. Fungal digestion of limpid results in the formation of stable human substances with long half lies. OK out of this part fungal digestion of limpid results in the formation. OK of stable human substances. Or you could just put their stable humus and I put in here with long half lives and what I mean by that is that it's very very stable. It's not easily broken down. And this focus is oil in the lamp. This is your your extra oil that you carried along with you. So then when there was a delay. You had the oil to light the lamp. That's carbon induction. This is the way this is the word of your own testimony and that we're that testimony is a full and true testimony because it is driven by the heart that the mind and heart of God rather than our own this is the way you should build karma fertility and for all of the political wrangling and everything about carbon. You know surplus carbon in there. If anybody brings it up to you ask them. One question. Well you might have to ask my follow up question Do plants use carbon. Then why why isn't vegetation going crazy. Consuming that carbon. Why do you. It should be shouldn't vegetated commercial greenhouses inject C O two. To increase the carbon dioxide level in the. In the atmosphere because they get increased growth. So what logically. Be that all that extra carbon would be consumed. And with increased vegetative growth. Why isn't that happening. You know why isn't that happening anyway any guesses even in a class for a few classes. Yeah it's a mineralisation problem. It's a character issue. You know you don't have the right mineralization the plants can utilise the carbon. That's why I say. Chemistry first chemistry addresses the physics which gives you the poor ASA D.N.A. capillarity And when you have those things then the biology starts cranking in the carbon fertility comes if you ignore those foundational things you try to come from the top. Sometimes it works. Depending on what your conditions are of those previous two things but most of the time it doesn't work real well. But. They usually get mad at you and they walk away. Because their agenda is political. It's not it's not trying to solve a problem. But it's a mineralisation issue it's a character issue it's not a. OK so we're going to move on to the next one here but that is the way that you want to build your for your for to carbon fertility in your system that is the way. Now the other ways can achieve the same thing they don't really do it very efficiently compared to this method. But it can be achieved through these other two methods. Albeit you're still going to be required to restore the mineral balance. And get the right process in capillarity in the soil. Yeah it's actually believe it or not or humus content in the soil is primarily. Mike. Ribs. From from microbes it's not from plant residue. Only a small percentage of it actually comes from plant residue. And so that if you can. That's why you can build your humus levels and they have they tell you you can't build humans levels very fast but I know farms that ability most levels from you know by one or two percentage points just in a matter of three or four years and it's about getting them the conditions right so that biology is just thriving. Ultimately it's about that biology that if ever it that's not going to happen if if if everything else is not put in place for that to happen. Right. You're giving him. You're giving him. You're helping him along because the system itself is not adequately helping in the long. If you if you go to any kind of agricultural conference now we don't do a lot of it at this one where you have vendors who sell different types of products for it for fertilizer products and Oculus. Stimulants all those kind of things all of whom are addressing deficiencies in the size of deficits in the system itself. And so there's thousands of them. I had a I had a person who produced compost asked me one time. What what could I tell my customers that could help me to sell more compost and my answer surprised her. But she got it after I explained I said tell them when they don't need it now if you were selling compost and somebody told you to tell your growers when it is not a good thing. Now everybody's out there selling stuff they just want to sell stuff so they want to convince you that their product is going to solve your problems. Well it may certainly help. And they certainly if it helps you to get to a balance complete imbalance condition. It. Would certainly be helpful. But you've got to know what your conditions are to see what what the need is before you go out and I mean you go to some of these conventions and there's hundreds and hundreds of boos and. You know you try to run the gauntlet for of people trying to stop you to tell you all about what what they have to offer and if they invariably you know things like there's always something valid about it. There's always is the devil never like I said the devil never gives you total error. There's always something valid about you know most of these things. And so Bell emphasized that part of it. But they won't tell you. OK These are the conditions where this would really help you. They want this to be that they want every condition. To be the condition that that's going to help you because they're trying to sell it to you. And so I told the lady I said just tell them when they don't need it I said you don't need customers who put it on and then they have problems they're not going to be good advertising for you. And you want people to say you know hey these people know when you need it when it's going to be valuable in and when they say you need it you need it. And that's great advertising to have for your product if you know people are competent and intelligent about what they are doing. Right. And there's because illions of interventions out there. People spend more money on all kinds of interventions and sometimes they work and sometimes they don't. And. It simply is simply that way because in some cases it was needed in some cases it just wasn't. And in those cases sometimes they aggravated the situation. Because they just they think they exaggerated imbalance or distorted something or another and you remember all of these elements are antagonistic in some way or another. They're synergistic in some ways or antagonistic or balancing is what I call balancing to each other. If you if you exaggerate one beyond where it's it's fair is it begin. Seen the influence in the expression of the others. And so that's why supplementation can be a hazard. You know because there's no generalized approach to supplementation What are your specific conditions. Then you can decide you know what I might need or what I might not need. And this is the biggest thing to keep in mind when you're going out you're looking for resources materials know what your conditions are and then you can intelligently go out and say OK this is what I'm looking for. Do you offer it. Well now but we can this will work to get where you can go find the thing the resource if you want biological and documents you go talk to the people with biological and documents what you're looking for you're looking for something that still makes phosphate more available you're looking for something that will fix nitrogen you know know what you're looking for know what your conditions are know what your needs are and then you can go and see how this is what I'm looking for. Do you have it. And then you can save a lot of time and. Hopefully a lot of say avoid a lot of sales pitches that are not relevant. And I don't mean that is tissue disrespect to people or selling things I just. You need to know when your your product is actually useful to somebody. OK it's primarily consists of microbial from the growth and populate microbial populations is where the majority of it comes from. So that's why when you increase biological activity you get much more rapid humus formation because you're only going to produce so much residue up on the top. And maybe this is where you can actually increase the. Increase the levels so that isn't in my opinion and that is the the best way to generate humus in your so our current fertility you so it doesn't look. Right now it can be it can be used as a food source later if out of desperation. In essence what is what how I take it from biblical from a Biblical point of view is when there is no access. To other resources. There's no longer any access to those resources you have this resource here that can be utilized. And tapped into in the bigger that the bigger that. Reservoir the better off you are. That's what you can store up in your soil. Your soul and I don't know how to talk this but your soil has its own disposition it wants to express itself based on its mineral odors paramilitary all that kind of stuff and you have to impart the right character to it. You have to impart the right balance to it if you ever stop doing that with time it will revert back to what it was you know go right back to what it was expressing itself. So you have to die daily is what I the way I put it you have to die daily and they write character has to be imparted. To that life for it to that soil. Because it will at a river back but if you build this reservoir because it's not only an energy reservoir it's a nutrient reservoirs well and that reservoir can be tapped and a time of deficit when there is no access to anything else. And so you want that reservoir of big as you can get it and that's what you develop with time. Is a deeper and deeper stability in a system because of the storing up of that oil. I call the storing up of the oil because. It is actually formed from oil fats and it correlates with the parable of the ten virgins in this oil in the land. Sometimes. Here here's what happens if I use sugars because I want to put out your energy into the system because there's not enough air safe you've got you've had cloudy weather for days on days on days no I when I was in. Colorado we had three hundred days of sunshine a year and even the days we had we had cloud cover didn't last all day. But if you're you know like if you're in a area where they get a lot of cloud cover a lot of great days and everything like that you can add some extra energy into that system I always use a whole cane juice. I used to Cannot it's an organ organic cane sugar dehydrated changes from from organic cane sugar if I use it a lot of people use molasses. A lot of a lot of chemicals are used on conventional sugarcane production and so you can you can run the hazard of having. Some of those materials in that molasses concentrate and then molasses. It's not always necessarily true but it's just something to be mindful of so I just use it's more expensive but I just use whole cane sugar from organic sugarcane that way and I can know that that's. Avoided in. The right we're going to we're going to get to that when we get to the last class and that's why you do those foundational things your chemistry got to be right. Say your. Porosity and your capillarity are right because if those things aren't right then you're going to you can actually add sugar so the ground and they they for men into alcohol and alcohol is up as a whole hormone indicator. I don't know if I brought this up. It is enzymes in hormones. Is this the signals being sent. And that and the resort the means of running the machinery the enzyme system is being coherent and appropriate and we'll get to that last class you see that that's where the. Problem is. So so I use a book. Larry. All right. Yeah this is same as Foley or feeding. I mean he was commenting that you know you couldn't put enough on to match what the plant would be generating otherwise that true. And there's another problem and that's the same is true or for Foley or feeding you can't feed the plant completely by Foley or applications people constantly trying to bypass the soil. And we just don't want to deal with ourselves. I don't want to deal with our condition and so there's any way that you can come up with a try to bypass it and just not face it it's hard and painful of face but and anybody that started working on it can tell you that it's hard work sometimes. And it doesn't always work out exactly the way you want. Yet it takes time to get right. And you know a balance condition restored into that soil. But we just don't want to deal with it. So we try to come up with all kinds of alternative ways to not have to address arc or character. Is what it comes down to the other has or was sugars as it's a lot of times people use white sugar. You know powdered sugar or something like that the same is true with using sayable fertilizers like nitrogen cycle nitrogen stuff like that. It's easy and so what happens with the biology when they can just get it easy. They get laziness. And they get lazy. And they don't work and so the more you cater to that that the lazier they'll get and the less functional your your biological system will be and it's kind of like eating refined foods. That's why I use a whole cane Jews because everything's coming with it when I do it. I never used. I hear a lot of people talk about you. White sugar powdered sugar whatever it. Molasses. Is it is a good one because you're getting even a concentration of the minerals compared to the amount of sugar but I just put it is that the package it was when it came from the plant and figured all get worked out that way when I use it. But it's not something you want to use willing nearly as something you want to realize that you know there may be a suppression of photosynthetic activity and you want to avoid any any stresses that might be created by that you can apply some simple cane sugar or something like that as an energy source. You also gain minerals to it as well with it but again there are conditions for every to it. There are there are interventions that meet the needs of of very specific conditions and you need to identify those conditions and then determine what's the best intervention here. If any intervention at all is for it is necessary. You know. Yeah if you live out if you live out in the West where it's dry. They have over mineralisation of their soil sometimes and there's never a case when you're not going to do anything because typically the you have excesses of some things in you as a result you have deficiencies of other things and so you're now you're trying to have. You're trying to restore those deficiencies. You know by applying materials to to the filament deficiencies there are cases I've had sold tests from clients where there where were the top on almost everything you see trace elements that's not the case but they're way over the top on everything and we have to try to get it out. And to pull it out. I can always tell what people's pet fertilizers are too. It always shows up. It's either a natural condition in the soil which that happens to or it's just what they think they've got in their mind it phosphate solves everything or potassium solves everything or nitrogen solves everything and you can usually see the condition as a result of that is it's exaggerations of the excesses of those materials and imbalances. On that. OK We're going to have to move along because I want to get one out of three done and. We've got ten minutes Carol has the rest. In a life that combines Yes sorry I didn't. You can you can get it from many like Whole Foods or. Trader Joe's Costco may have it. Yeah it's just it's a granular form you see it comes in if you go into the sweetener section they usually have it's called Super not sugar cane natural is with that it's an acronym for Country Life have it so says Country Life has it. I buy fifty pound bags because it's lot more economical that way to spend and how much you're going to need you can always use it as a sweetener to it means a great sweetener very similar to this this flavor of molasses. Sure sure. Yeah. OK So the next one I want to think what I think is the second best way of doing it is green manuring and cover cropping or green manure cover cropping because when you're putting agreement or you're also covering with it and both of those those aspects are important. And what you're basically doing is you're planning a crop that you're not going to harvest you're intentionally planning that crop that you're going to work back into the soil. And so what you're doing is you're trying to you're trying to take for nutrition nutrient resources in the soil build them into the organic form into biomass. Then you can store in a soil as organic and organic matter. That's got that optimum fought for for the plants to get the efficiency and it's cover cropping too because well first I generously organic matter for your soil because you're deliberately growing a crop to put it back in and then it keeps something. Growing on the soil. It keeps the microbes in the soil busy. It keeps so protected. It gives you better water infiltration so that really they go together those two different terms green manure and cover cropping. But unless you're going to harvest the crop. It's a green manure are you going to work it back and when he says green manure it just means you're you're you know applied to the soil. As a nutritional resource. And. The crops that you choose to plant as agreement or cover crops can be can be selected to target specific ob objectives. For example if you need phosphate Buckwheat is a minor phosphate. And so if you're low on phosphate you may be applying phosphate we also want to see if you can get more out of the soil. They're there and if you want nitrogen if you want to start story Nigerian in your soil you'll grow various different kinds of games. Depending on your weather their crops like if you grow cowpies Black Eyed Peas that type of thing you can generate two three hundred sometimes as much as four hundred pounds of of nitrogen. With that crop and then you turn it back and you make it is available as a food source to the micros but there are a bunch of the going to store it up as a resource for the for the plants to you can pick crops like oats that has an acidic rude that's going to extract nutrients from the pear material a little bit better than other roots would we could go through a lot of them. There's a book that was done by Michigan State University that it's pretty good on this subject. You can go and watch You Tube's on Iraq and gave that this farm I told you about and saw that southeastern Tennessee they use a blend they use a mixture of different types of cover crops as agreement during crop. So they get different types of of its value out of it out of each of the seat. I went to bring it with me. I forgot it. It's if you just look up cover cropping you'll see if I can look it up and get the name for you but Michigan State did it. It's about that there. But there's lots of resources on that I think address has resources on cover cropping and the reason I brought my game around a lot of these guys are doing some work on different types of blends of cover crops and. Different types with the objectives are like if you grow a calcium accumulator you dandelion accumulates massive amounts of calcium they can mine calcium and that's why you see it's take over and your lawn is telling you there's not enough cows in there and you can mine it when there's not enough there so with that big tap root it goes down. It's going down is going after calcium because calcium can work its way down in the soil. It's heavy. And so it'll work at the time it can it if it's not being held on a call it is going to work its way down they go down after it. That's why Canada Thistle grows by the way it can mine calcium bind weeds I mean problem it's the same thing. I'll show you a book here there are several books written on weeds and what the indicators are why they're growing there. We're going to talk about that in the last the last section. When you start your money right. Which. Well you're only going to incorporate it in to I have a spading machine that can incorporate a crop this tall. I just go right over the top of it and work it and it will still actually leave it. It'll leave it. You just want to tell the end of the top surface of it. Yeah yeah. It only has to go into the top three to four inches. Right yeah. When you do it. That's not the best way to do it. I mean working the soil that way if that's the only way you have to work the soil then that's the way to work to sow but it's not the best way to work the soil because you are turn. It Down. You might put it into anaerobic environment and then you wind up with alcohol in from out the hide in methane and at any butane these are these hormonal indicators again and they're going to dictate what's going to grow and how it's going to grow. And we'll get the last election. OK so I'm not going to I'm going to move along as we get the last one here OK. If that's OK. They may have any more questions about that when. In essence you're just growing organic you're getting carbon fertility from your own soil and the upside of that is your stab of seeing that carbon inductive process in your own soil and you also know you're putting back what you least know what you put back in there as opposed to when you bring other stuff on which we're going to get to now you're not quite sure what you're actually necessarily putting on. OK so now we're going to look at compost over the over an application of organic matter of carbon fertility This is what most commonly happens sometimes it's really good sometimes it's really bad. I have one client in Georgia. They applied a massive amount of compost there and they did sets on the areas where they had fruit trees where they had done in that too and they made these beds and they put compost in. A lot of it and. Their natural soil was really good. And where they put the compost then it was really bad. So again you need good information about what your conditions are not what somebody else is conditions are not somebody coming to you and telling you. It's find a for somebody to share with you. Hey this worked really well for me. OK Well let me ask the questions. What are my conditions without work really well for me. Rather than just say hey you had to for everybody. If I have a minute to do it I'll tell you a story about a friend of mine out in Colorado with back to Eden. I'm sure somebody in this is that ever heard the back Dean video. There's some good information in it. But you have to have the conditions for that. You play guitar to hear me say that. So anyway that now we're going to look at the own. Over an application and you all know what that is you bring compost in you put it on your ground. What typically happens in a nature that that organic material would be deposited in a very thin thin layer once it's broken down from that you know its course material like the leaves fall when it actually breaks down into actual organic matter. To that down into that level you hardly see it anymore right. Have you ever seen anybody ever in maybe yourself go out and put on the garden and they put an inch thick layer of compost on. Even a quarter inch. Do you know how much that is per acre. Even at a quarter inch you're talking about tens of tons. So twenty thirty thousand tons never happens in nature. Never happens in nature. I know people they put into other one hundred thousand tons of organic material on. Now if you have let's say you have seven percent calcium. Per to seven percent calcium you put one hundred tons on. How many pounds of cows and just put on. Well it would be it would be one hundred forty pounds per tonne times one hundred. So add two more zeros to that. Fourteen thousand tonnes. A C You would have to have a C C in order to completely fill it with its appropriate percentage you would have to have a C C Probably up in the thirty's. And that would be assuming you had absolutely zero calcium there Starwood. You know and so people don't think about it. They don't think what they're actually applying to do so well now that was just I was because a lot of people think about calcium in the soil in the compost they're putting it on for nitrogen they're putting it on just as organic matter but they're putting a for nitrogen organic growers as a big thing as are putting it on for nitrogen and phosphate potassium into things that people look at. But they don't take into consideration what else is in there and it depends on what the source of it is what the source of the compost was was it an animal manure with a date and we're going to look at this stuff. Was it was a yard waste. Did they add anything to it like if what if you had chicken layer manure. There was composted calcium levels going to be really high and. OK So let me just give you some principles on this con host is not compost. Unless it is properly compost. Do you understand what I'm saying. There is stuff out there that is just aged manure aged. Waste. It's dead because it's been exposed to so many antibiotics and other chemicals. That it's just sitting there aging. It's NOT be composing because there's no biology in it to decompose it. And so you want you want material that is actually compost in preferably It's has been raised to a temperature that will kill pathogens and not kill beneficial organisms and will kill we see in things like that. And so. We can't go through all of the how does that happen in making compos we don't have enough time to do that but I would suggest that you educate yourself on what a good composting what a good compost looks like and how it's made so that if you're going to go out and get compost. You can ask the people who made it. How did you make it. What did you add to it which is another thing we're going to talk about here. The carbon the nitrogen ratio of finished compost should be about ten to one. And any good compost source would be able to give you an analysis of their compost. So that you can see what they that ratio is carbon and nitrogen So in other words for every ten atoms of carbon there should be one of nitrogen ten to one ratio. They could be a little bit above that a little bit lower than Abbott you're you want to shoot for ten to one if you get something as. Thirty to one. It's not it's not broken down all the way. I've had guys say that has neocons he said he. Oh it his growers always check when they bring compost they always take the cover off and they go up and smell it before they unload it and if the ammonia blows you away when you take the cover off. It's not compost yet. It's too high in nitrogen in some cases that can be OK to put on but that high level of ammonia in areas is going to be detrimental. Ultimately would be beneficial but in the short run it's going to be detrimental to you. OK the ash content should be low. If it's not low that means they added a lot of soil to it and there's nothing wrong with some so be at at it being at is an ocular I just used a sole if the ad is in an ocular biologically there's nothing wrong with that but if your ash content is is fairly high then it's a lot of soil. So you just get somebody else's soil. Well that would be the that the mineral content when it when they ash it to check what its level is. Which is they just burn it to see what the ash content is if there's not a lot of gag material in there. The ash contents going to hype there's a lot of again it material in there. The it will be low. So if you put a lot of dirt and you're going to get a lot of mineral you're not going to get a lot of organic matter so that's why you want to low and then the other thing you need to know where there are other great ingredients added because a lot of compost it will add other ingredients because it makes better compost compost better for them and they believe that it makes a better compost for the end user a lot of times calcium lime will be added to it a lot of times soft rock phosphate or total phosphate will be added to it. You don't know unless you ask. You don't know how they're how it's being made. Now you can make your own compost and again you're know what it is because it's coming off of your land. It's coming out from. Your soil and so you know what it's going to contain is going to be pretty consistent with what you're so. Characterise so. You can make your own and apply it back. Just remember that. Like a six by hundred foot bed six foot center hundred foot bed. I might only put off a couple of five gallon buckets full of compost. You'd be hard pressed to see that but that's about the levels you should be putting on. Now that depends on you can put a lot of higher tonnage so you're missing all the things that compost has what you can put a lot more on. But and a lot and most cases people are putting weight on way more than the soil can handle and they're setting up problems for themselves down the road because you're developing excesses and imbalances which they will later have to pay. To address. Except in the case of phosphate which you have no recourse except to try to grow it out after that. Put in a compost down. Yeah at the at the volumes that are put down compared to a two million pound plough layer it's it's insignificant in general it's insignificant in the idea and often mentioned of a humorous it has thirty two times the colloidal capacity of Clay thirty two times more closely capacity than clay and that's where you can increase year your see but relative to the clay content in the soil humus content is minuscule. And so even though it has thirty two times that global capacity. You're not going to move your C C dramatically over time you might move it incrementally a little bit but it's just a matter of sheer volume in. Not but that's the way you can enhance your growing system the more the more humorous you have in there. The more colloidal site you have. No because again you're just putting it on the volumes that are not significant compared to the actual volume and volume of the soil. Let me just. Well remember you know you're getting it in organic form and so you're getting most nutrients in organic form. There's a lot of excesses in there. There's a lot of stuff the Sysco to be you know go back to the air and everything and if you continue to put it on they can continue to tap that but with time they wind up pushing it back out there their soil out of balance and you'll notice the people who do that. Most of them have a lot of disease and pest pressure. You can grow really good stuff and you get a wind up with a lot of disease and pest pressure in most cases with that on it so organic fertility is important. You know carbon fertility is important. Let me because we're out of time. Let me just I'm going to listen to sources and you guys can go and look there's there's plenty of resources to see what the characteristics of these just in different ways are but. You have horse manure. It's usually thirty two to one carbon and nitrogen is fairly balanced. And it's a pretty good source. If it's got a lot of bedding in it that that ratio will be narrow and you want to be sure you put it on to give it time to break down the so it doesn't tie up nitrogen dear. And keep it from your plants because the microbes in the soil eat at the first table. They always eat first not the plant. And so if there's only enough for the microbes then the plants going to wait until the micros eat and if there's anything left there no. Or they're going to have to wait to the microbes give it back. They're not going to get the microbes always the first. Cattle manure. Is a lower it's more narrow carbonation nitrogen ratio then horse manure. It's closer to humans formation when it's compost. It's got a higher potassium typically has a higher potassium content if you if it's cattle manure from from a dairy. The calcium level is going to be higher in it because a lot of times are supplementing calcium and then as well. Because they're producing milk that requires a lot of calcium in it. It's more down closer to twelve to one. You know it can be up to fifteen to one is closer to that ten to one ratio that you want it varies poultry manure. There's two different types of culture manure. You've got burglar manure and you've got layer manure. Lerman who are is is going to be way higher in calcium again because they supplement it to strengthen the eggshells. Then the poultry manure as they're both fairly good sources and the newer Turkey manure. If you're looking for copper Turkey manure they have to supplement copper to the turkeys and so that's a good source if you're needing copper if you can track down turkey or sheep manure. Is a very rich manure. It's similar to poultry manure. But it's a little lower nitrogen. Hog manure is higher in phosphate Hogmanay or. Well I'm giving you the sources you know that to decide whether you think they're appropriate sources and then yard food yard food waste. Compost made from yard food waste and also castings they're typically in one cast if you're typically made from yarn foodways sometimes maneuvers are used used in the production. The castings So those are those are your sources. The common sources there are other exotic sources like Al Paca the newer And and I know some I was using there were new got themselves really messed up because that's that they had a lot of it and they used a lot of it. Rabbits sure I don't know I don't know what the nutrient content in rabbit pelts would be but. Yeah it could be used. Might have it might well have some analyzer Sometimes you have some idea or you can apply it to what I have. With it. OK so that's what we need to quit because we're already over a little bit. One thing I didn't bring up was the use of something like bio char some of you probably heard about biology are where you're you're making a carbon source and you're adding it up that thing about bio char where right we're working right now trying to figure out how we can load it. It's not loaded with with mineral elements and so if you put it on your soil without that it's going to it's going to grab them. And so we need to figure out how we can preload them with with mineral nutrients in any case where you're deficient on something it would be nice to be able to create load it put it in that way because it's a lot more stable and that's some some science is being worked on this media was brought to you by audio first a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse. If you would like to listen to more sermons leave a Visit W W W or.


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