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Prophetic Prediction of Change

Adam Ramdin

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Adam Ramdin

Youth Director for the North England Conference of SDA

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Recorded

  • October 27, 2017
    7:00 PM
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Father in Heaven Lord we pause to thank you for your goodness to us we thank you Lord for your mercy we thank you all for the privilege we have to worship. In this place tonight I pray Lord that your Holy Spirit will be here and Ahmed's me you speak through your words. And illuminate mines we pray in Jesus' name amen I like to invite you to open your Bibles to the Book of Revelation Revelation fact not before you go to Revelation please go to a second Peter second Peter just before revelation second Peter chapter one and verse nineteen is a familiar text to many of us the second Peter chapter one and verse nineteen. The Chapter one Verse nineteen the Bible says we have also a more what a more sure word of prophecy wherein to you do well to take heed after unto a light that shines in a dark place until the day dawns and the day you start to rise in your heart this is a kind of a fundamental foundational text for Adventist Bible students would look in a Bible prophecy it assures us that we have a sure word of prophecy now in Revelation turn a review page of The Book of Revelation revelations chapter two and Chapter three they are the two chapters that deal with the seven churches Revelation two and Revelation three now in Revelation the seven churches of Revelation there are seven churches there which were seven literal cities in John's day on the screen there you can see number one through to number seven it's almost like an upside down horseshoe shape of the seven churches and ever says Smyrna Pergamos and so on they go in that order now John wrote the book of Revelation as Chapter one points out and he wrote the book of Revelation after letter to the seven churches now when you read when we read the book of revelation today there's a couple of ways that we can read it number one we can read the book of Revelation as a literal book obviously that was written in that first century to the people that he was writing the book of Revelation to those seven churches The second way we can read Revelation and the way most often as Adventists we read it is the symbolic representation of the churches through time when we look at the first century representing kind of ever since and so once we look at the characteristics of the churches and we see the experience of God's church through different pockets of history and we kind of match the two together the third way that we can read the book of Revelation which is important for us to do as well is personally applying the personal spiritual lessons of. One particular church to our experience and our experience with Christ may change from day to day and the admonition he gets from church to church over time now when you look at the each of the messages they're structured a certain way we're not going to go to this in detail on just kind of doing this as a as a background framework there's always an introduction there's always a promise affirmation Review Council and warning However not every church gets every aspect of those messages some of the churches get some some of them don't most of them get all of these six things to them so when we look at a timeline the Church of efforts this starts around about the year thirty one A.D. and then it goes to roughly most Bible scholars will put it to the year one hundred A.D. the after stalling time period of the first century and the characteristics of the church in ethicists are the first two of chapter two in Revelation it says that how has tried them would say they are apostles and are not a characteristic of the first century church was that they were strong induction they knew what they believed they were kind of a pure church they tested the Apostles they were concerned about the purity of the doctrine this church the FS This church was a pretty good church verse three it says you have born and have patience and for minds namesake have laid but have not fainted they were busy doing things for the sake of Christ they were doctrinally pure they were working in hot good church but then you come to verse four and verse four says nevertheless I have somewhat against you because you've left your WHAT LOVE this is summing up episode is doctrinally to your hard working but they have forgotten in a sense the reason why they're doing what they are doing when you read the book of the season you can find many parallels between the features and the message to effortless so sooner comes after that. And summer is roughly the year sorry one hundred two around about three thirty one A.D. Now you've heard the. Say in seize the early church the doctrine of pure hard working doing well. So he wants to attack them. His first mode of attack was to attack them from on head on to try and destroy the church the church in Smyrna doesn't receive any rebuke no rebuke to the Smyrna church and they persecuted their faithful there's no rebuke and their promise the crown of life is joining the time period of Smyrna that the church goes through some of its hardest times in the one hundred in the two hundred Pagan Rome persecute in the christians it wasn't an easy time to be a christian their religion was outlawed it wasn't a popular time to be a Christian the coliseums in different places in Europe they stand as monuments of the persecution of the Christian during these time periods of history then you have Pergamon us further must now signifies a switch F.S.S. pure perkier most persecuted. No Smyrna thank you persecuted Pergamos though it now switches you've heard the phrase if you can't beat them then you are not then you join them say and come beat the church he come persecuted out of existence you know those quotations in great controversy where they courted from other places where he says the blood of Christians was see to the Gospel the more often we are mowed down the more we spring up so he tried to kill the Christian church by killing the Christian Church didn't work so he said OK I can't kill the Christian church off instead I will join them and you see the same strategy today in broader principles Pergamos what happens in person with thirty one A.D. what happened to a key figure at the beginning of this time period was a. By the name of Constantine if you've never studied him or haven't heard about him he was a key figure there did a lot of damage in the name of Christianity he becomes a Christian. In name. In name he blends the pagan and the Christian side of his empire together. These guys are the Christians these guys are the pagans he tells the Christians he's not a Christian he tells the pagan they are now a Christian but let's keep doing basically what we've always been doing and we just change and they have what we're doing a very simplistic way of looking at history but as a kind of understand what happened that's where many practices kept and crept into Christianity that had no place in Christianity that's our kind of St Peter St Jupiter Easter all the start the things start creeping into Christianity to have no basis in Christianity and Christianity starts to get watered down Rome shifts from being pagan to Christian Constantine believed he saw a cross in the sky and by this sign you shall conquer this is also this time period when Saturday Saturday becomes Sunday. So this was a time period of strong compromise in the Christian church. Strong compromise. The beginning of the union of church and state then after Pergamos we have a Tyra if person misrepresented compromise fire Tyrell represents full blown corruption. The church is now it's kind of your persecuted compromise corrupt Tyra five thirty eight this is the church when you look at it of the twelve and six the time period five thirty eight to seventeen ninety eight during this time period it was not a great time compromise is fully corrupt is the Apostolic Church is the time of the Roman Church reigning supreme and if the full union of church and state we then move on to Saga's sadnesses here Philadelphia and then our favorite city Laodicea. Axis just go back this is today modern day Turkey you see that island there Lesbos. That's the island it's actually Greek island it's where all the migrants are going to because the minute they get from here to here they're in Europe and so it's just going to give you a bit of current They can't context on on Patmos is down here so it gives you a little bit of context as the. Modern day news on your book or prophecy now. So August was seventy ninety eight most people put it from seventy ninety eight to eighteen thirty three so artists don't spend long and it kind of is a dead church then an eight hundred thirty three a pick a Philadelphia Philadelphia though think shift and we if you've studied your Adventist history you'll know why it starts to shift it starts to shift because you have the great kind of you know awakening looking for the return of Jesus William Miller and other people here in the United States other people in different parts of the world looking for Jesus' return this was a time period of great revival in Christianity Now it's interesting Smyrna gotten a rebuke Philadelphia also gets no rebuke to two churches with no review it was a great sign Philadelphia means brotherly love you know William Miller you go to his home on the East Coast he's a man that was looking for Jesus what he was and he was a deist you start to study his Bible he saw that Jesus was coming back and he didn't do anything with our knowledge for about eighteen years until finally he started to preach there are the return of Jesus and the advent movement was born. People started to look for Jesus' return this church doesn't get any rebuke it's a time when people sold their houses way to Jesus to return farmers left their crops in the field way in which Jesus returned this was a time of great revival in the Christian church and then eighteen forty four we have Laodicea. Time period. Now that's a brief very short overview of the seven churches. But within those seven churches we have some promises or some highlights even. In the most corrupt churches there are some highlights that we can pull out for us today because in even in the midst of the corrupt fire Tyra church God would give his people some promises in Revelation chapter to turn their fear their Revelation Chapter two and toward the end of the chapter. So was the end of the chapter we have this verse twenty six verse twenty six Revelation chapter two it says and he that overcome it and keep its my works and to the end to him will I give power over the WOT Nations and he shall rule them with a rod of iron as the vessels of a part shall they be broken to ship with even as I received of my father and verse twenty eight says and I will give him the wad of The Morning Star. So in this time period of in ascent all broad reaching corruption to the course of the Christian church lots is a promise in the midst of that is there's going to be this thing called The Morning Star. The morning star. You know when we think of the Reformation most of the emphasis today goes on Martin Luther Martin Luther did a great work in Germany but before Martin Luther there were certain people that paved the way for him to be able to in a sense. Pick up the scene that he did Revelation Chapter two verse twenty eight gives us a key when he says I will give him the morning star the book of great controversy in the page eighty it says this in the fourteenth century thirteen hundred arose in England though what the morning star of the Reformation John Wycliffe. Was the herald of reform not just for England alone but for all of what Christendom the great protest against wrong which it was permitted him to utter was never to be what he the something special in some ways about the first because the first person or the first event they paved the way for everything that comes after John Wycliffe in many ways was the greatest Reforma he was the morning star of the Reformation he was the first one in the era of darkness. Who while he was still a Roman Catholic himself stood up speaking reform against the very church that he was in John Wycliffe was way ahead of his time theologically philosophically he was way ahead of his time like the Reformation never actually really ever caught up with John Wycliffe into America formed as a nation like his views on church and state never got implemented in Europe because every time there was a reform it became a church a church institution I'm sorry a state institution even though it was a reform religion and it wasn't until the birth of America that John Wycliffe ideas actually started to come to pass he was that far ahead of his actual time like three four hundred years ahead John Wycliffe as the morning star of the Reformation Ellen White she writes. Ellen my rights. I'll come to the right in a minute now John workless the context of his birth why was he so great the context of his birth at the time England was going through a tough time at the time of John we close birth England was paying a marshal with a modern day currency was he England was paying one thousand crowns per year to the papacy and it was agreement they had entered into back one hundred fifty years previous when King John English history King John was the king who was forced to sign Magna Carta when King John was around and you have the weakest of English kings you're the strongest Pope Innocent something and these two together he made England by a thousand crowns to the pope that's what kind of got England into Magna Carta So even after that England was paying some of these thousand crowns a year to the pope now when John Wycliffe came along the first thing he protested against was this invasion into the national rights of England why should we as a sovereign country be paying money to this state all the way over there it's silly and so we protested against this kind of invasion is that our national right of England and for that he kind of got the role Rome's back up later on he would translate the Bible and obviously they got their backs up too but the first thing was it was kind of this issue of national rights he started with he was a very highly respected professor and towards the end of his life he was sent to the parish of LA to Worth small little town just south of Leicester about two hours north of London today you can go there if you ever go to England you drive up the M one the motorway drive up there you get a junction twenty and there you've got a tiny little town of about two thousand people and his church sits on the hill overlooking the town and you go visit his church It's open every day every day today from ten o'clock to twelve o'clock welcome to lot of worth the work place of John Wycliffe and also Sir Frank Whittle who invented the jet engine. That I believe John Wycliffe is far more important than the jet engine. Now. What else about John Wycliffe there's his church there you can kind of not the best picture. Exactly what he would look at back then these wings were in there but it's basically a church and you can go there today they have some original artifacts in the church if you like to kind of worship them some holy relics. They have got his preaching robe it's in. Incased in a glass cage they believe it is preaching robe they've got a chair that they believe was drawn Wycliffe chair that you can sit on and take a picture if you so so desire and they also have the pulpit that kind of dates back to his time you know it's kind of surreal to think there's a pulpit that's like old in the country of America but there it is it stands there and these kind of things are there kind of his reminders of of the work that he did in years gone by John Wycliffe had three papal bulls that were issued against him but somehow he managed to dodge them each time he would either be protected by by powerful barons or there was the schism of the pope at the time between this pope and this pope both claim to be the right pope so because of the schism he was never actually they never actually kind of really come down on him. After the death the death of Gregory one time they came to him and they were asking him to recant they were asking him to change his views and and he said words that are profound that kind of echoed down to our time today he said with whom do you think you are contending with. Are you contending with an old man on the brink of a great and you can kind of rephrase that any any way today as well. If we stand with Christ and we stand with His Word the Bible says you can do nothing against the truth but what for it with whom do you think you are contending with with me as an individual with whom are you contending with what a small little church here with whom are you contending with without a group of believers over there with whom are you contending with. He says no you're not contending with an old man on the brink of the great you contending with truths. Truth that is stronger than you and truth that will overcome. Profound words that he uttered not inspired words so to speak but the principle is inspired. That God stands on the side of truth he stands on his children when we stand with them on the side of truth and he defends us and when we are about our ministry here on earth we're about doing what we're doing that we need to make sure that we are dedicated to Christ a wife she writes like after reform as Wycliffe did not at the opening of his work or see where it would lead him he did not set himself deliberate in opposition to Rome but devotion to truth could not but bring him in conflict with also the more clearly he discern the errors of the papacy the more honest he presented the teachings of the Bible you see there's a common train with all these reformers none of them stepped out to be reformers they set out to be faithful. Not other woke up and said I want to take on the church I want to do this great work no they set out to be faithful and when they did that God kind of just moved from that sometimes we want to do that before we're willing to be fake. He never saw where it was going to take him he did not deliberately want to be a rebel he did not want to change for change's sake but when he set himself on this course it would only take him that way his most important achievement however with the translation of the Bible now we really take this for granted today we really take this for granted I run a summer camp and every year at the end of the summer camp you know there's just Bible stacked up from kids who have come to summer camp whose parents of most of the time they're paid for them. They bring They packed take a Bible to stomach and got to take a bite to go to have a camp. And him our Bibles we get left over and it's kind of sad open the Bible the under some come look through them the name of the child love from please read the Bible blah blah blah just left. His most important achievement was a translation of the Bible at the time people did not have the Bible in the thirteenth century why we forbid the laity to possess any of the books of the Old Testament and New Testament except the son. You know what that is. Is to some to music and songs they can have that but they can't have anything else but having any of the books translated into the what into the vulgar tongue of what you and I speak right now the vulgar tongue we strictly for bit you know after he translated not as what the people said are under Archbishop this pestilential and most wretched John Wycliffe of damnable memory a child of the old devil and himself a child or people are anti christ crowned his wickedness by translating the Scriptures into the mother tongue like that's how it was viewed by the contemporary scholars of the day we asked Adventists look back and say this was amazing the contemporary scholars of the day I mean you know how long it takes you to translate a Bible from the act into English. And at the end of this work hey hey Professor look what I've done child again. Like your greatest works on this earth don't always receipt immediate applause the greatest things that you can do don't always receive the applause of your contemporaries that you are living with right now that's what they said about Wycliffe his Bible that's the kind of the this report that got in the news of his day however history remembers him differently the translation marked in the park in the development of the English language as Lucas did in the history of Germany you see up until quickly it wasn't really a solidified settled English language debatable yet there was but there was also the French that was spoken as well as kind of a bit of a mix but once he translated this Bible as a masterpiece of the language it kind of settled the language in the country. So also has been recognised as the father of English poetry but many recognise a Wycliffe should be recognised as the father of English prose that comes from the book John Wycliffe the dawn of the Reformation page forty eight. When Ellen White row. When John the Revelator don't know if he knew exactly who was writing about Roe I will give him the morning star. When Ellen White rode the John Wycliffe was the Morning Star the work that he did as a soul individual paved the way for those who came after. That we remember maybe slightly better it was at the Council of Constance about thirty years after his death that was called to settle the papal schism the Council of Constance was there because you had not one not two but three pope's Can you imagine the conference the confusion and Adventism today if we had three general conference presidents all claiming to be the rightly elected general Congress president it would be confusion it was three popes I'm not saying that and of course present the pope I'm not saying that. You get what I'm saying. It was three some with this some with this some with this people with one so they called the Council a constant to settle a schism. As they call the council Constance They also decided they were going to kill thousands or own. And that's a whole long story how they got killed where John Haas and your own both got killed at the Council of Constance you can go there was in this building here the monster where they condemned him but it was also the Council of conscience where the condemned Wycliffe as a heretic and ordered that his bones be dug up and burnt. Like it's not enough that he's actually dead already. Well we couldn't burn him during his life so let's dig him up open the coffin get the bones out could make a fire and burn his bones so they did not straight away because when the order came from the Council of Constance to the Bishop of Lincoln he said there's no way I'm diggin him up as a friend of mine no. And he was bishop for eight more years so for eight years nothing happened then the next pressure came along didn't have as much backbone and he got leaned on by whoever was above him and eventually he ordered that the bones be dug up and burned they dug them up we don't know exactly where they burned them or where they were thrown but we know they were thrown into this river today you can go there if flows right by lots of worth and some of you may have read in the book great controversy that kind of paragraph that summarizes the impact of Wycliffe in relation to the what the river has his ashes were thrown in this book says and all writer has conveyed his actually is into the seven. Even sorry the avian into the seven the seven into the narrow season and they enter the main ocean and that's the ashes of Wycliffe are the emblem of his doctrine which now is dispersed to what the world over you see once he started to peel back the darkness it could not stop the protest had begun and even though in John Wycliffe day there was no such thing. Yes quote unquote a Protestant even though that term wasn't to be calling for about another two hundred years. In many ways he was the first Protestant protesting on his own against the church of his day. And that great Protestant principle he kind of was one of the first in print to write with whom are you contending with an old man on the brink of the grave no. You're contending with true. That principle. That were true to a what's right and that were true to our conscience above anything else and that's a general principle you see all through the Reformation and all through the birth of the Adventist Church wasn't drawn would come after him they kind of received clips writings one of them brought them back to the Czech Republic back then it was called Bohemia and they were killed as I mentioned earlier at the Council of consonance today you know it is kind of nice you go to Prague there were they DO remember the reformers well there in Prague there's a whole square and there's a statue there of John Haas he went to the Council of Constance under the safe conduct of the Emperor Sigismund he said Come I'll give you say conduct is a letter and in many ways some historians believe that it was this situation that saved Luther about one hundred years later because he went there and there are a safe conduct but as soon as he arrived he was put into prison. So he gets the letter gets said Constance gets thrown straight into prison Jerome who was this kind of psychic said if you get trouble or come help you so Jerome leaves Prague and go straight to Constance when he got there though he realized that he's in prison there's nothing he can really do to get him out of prison realizing him being there was futile his old life would be in jail danger Jerome starts making his way back to Prague but by then the Roman army is a kind of court and they send people off to draw and capture him and brought him back as well. They were tried in this church here house first he was burned I believe one year before Jerome. And before house was burned he stood up and he said I came here under the safe conduct of this emperor everyone in the room turned and looked at that. The Emperor's face history says when crimson red. This would probably save Luther about one hundred and so years later for the Emperor I forget his name in Luke this time when he came to die of worms they said listen just lock him up and kill him. And the Emperor said I do not want to blush like Sigismund blushed so in some ways personal pride kept Luther alive not his but someone else's He was taken to the spot and burned here and they also dug is ashes up and the dirt under them and threw them into the river Rhine to Rome was burned on the same spots a few months later he recanted and then recounted his recount Asian you know in history there's a couple of guys like that there's a couple of guys like that Jerome was one Thomas Cranmer was one guy is that recounted and said OK I'll be a faithful Catholic and then their conscience couldn't leave them free. And then when they came back it's powerful they say I will recant my previous recantation take me to the flames he was once a Roman It's a powerful story that you know even when people fall to it and kind of broke under pressure. It's how they finish their life that really matters. How they finish their really matters. Then we have Martin Luther who we who we know so much about in this year the five hundred year the Reformation the five into the year that he nailed is ninety five pieces to the cross not the cross the dog. Martin Luther was born in forty in ninety four his dad was a minor relatively poor family if you look at his house today doesn't look poor by today status but as you can always does the history by contemporary views he was born in this house here. It is birth house that's the church behind that he would have been christened or baptised in the day he would have a baptized there that says so this is his house you can go inside and they're kind of got some original things there that's not his original bed but the kind of say what a bed might look like and this is the church where he would have been baptized or christened modern inside but it's still the same old building that would have been there in his day when you follow lute around Germany you kind of start his birth house and then you kind of go west it would be and you go to the town of Erfurt and that's where he went to study to be a monk and there you can see his room where he studied to be a monk but is this room that I find quite interesting we don't know where it was in the room but it was somewhere in this room where Luther was in the in the church next to his monastery. Where he found a Bible chained to the wall. And he found a Bible change at all it's fascinating he writes and he says I had heard about the Bible but I'd never seen one. You going to study to be a monk and you've heard that there's some kind of thing called the Bible but you've never actually seen one. Now we would we can't get that through our heads. He finds a Bible chain literally chained to the wall and starts to read it in the Latin and as he starts to read it his mind starts to get opened one thing leads to another a breeze another bit of history wantonly to another. He graduates. From school he moves to Wynberg there was a dispute in his area between some of the local churches he was sent to ROM to find out what would be the higher authority settling of the disputes and this picture is not historically accurate to looters they cause our building may not been built then however we recognize it as ROOM. He makes his way to Rome and that's the holy grail for him it's kind of like Adam insists going to the general conference session maybe I don't know. Maybe it's like coming along. I don't know he went to this place that was just like always dreamed of going there for many Christians today they go to the holy land they go to Israel and they get there is like wow and there's Jerusalem and you know while. He gets there and as he got inside of Rome he says he lay prostrate on the ground and said all holy roll I salute you he thought this was going to be the most spiritual experience of his whole life but as he got there and he heard the profane talk of this or the terrible things taking place if he realized it hopes were not all they should have been However he still did his things he did what he had to do and then he went to his place here this place here is where he went it's called Pilot staircase the belief is that this was the staircase that pilot ascended or Jesus ascended on the night before or the night before he was crucified that he walked at least a case this staircase was in the city of Drusilla and then miraculously one night the Angel Gabriel picked up the staircase from Jerusalem and transported it to RO that's why it's called pilots decorous. That's the belief. And today myriads of pilgrims will travel there from all over the world still I mean you can see the pictures taken in the summertime is like a traffic jam to get onto the onto the ends of the stairs and as they get on the stairs they kneel on one step and every step they say a prayer is not no popcorn sentence prayers these are like substantial prayers that are on that's their case for a good thirty forty five minutes so they get to the top Luther was no different he had travelled from Germany by foot gets to Rome and he's making his way up the staircase on his knees when some ways probably you know we were there trying to find a place you know years ago when up on a when the first time and we're trying to find actual where the place was it's right next to a key Catholic church called St John's Church so we're asking like one of the actually that there's a need they only put people to ask for Catholics but where's the staircase where Martin Luther prayed. And he directed us to in the act he actually honestly said he said that's probably one of the most authentic places in Rome because we know on that staircase that key historical event actually did happen. And most of the stories you hear actually in Rome from talk radio. Somewhere here Martin Luther was when he heard the words in his mind of Romans chapter one verse seventeen The just shall live by faith. Gets up from his knees and makes his way back and it was another significant turning point in his life. Makes his way back to the city of Wittenberg you see Luther was living by a higher principle than other people of is day he was living by the principle of a bead against the scripture and conscience he makes his way back here to the city this is the picture of Wittenberg taken in winter because when we were filming lineage earlier this year we had planned it probably would have been in the summer but I we didn't plan it properly we were in the winters freezing cold. But you know I guess the snow and a little dynamic and it was this building here there wouldn't be a castle church and that door that was right there where he. He would have nailed is ninety five pieces this was the church actually one you see there that he would have preached to more often. Where he gave a sermon to just live by faith with this one kind of seems to get more credit to day because he nailed this ninety five Theses to it. The issue. Was the issue of indulgences and what were these indulgences see indulgences were linked to justification by the sacraments the sacrament of penance you see in order to be justified in the Roman Catholic belief you had there's two parts. You have penance with the second plank of justification for those who have made a ship of this soldier should cease all penance had three parts contrition confession and satisfaction and indulgences with the third part which was satisfaction so you have you know you've been contrite you confess but now you've got to do the third thing which is satisfaction and indulgence was primarily focused on that you see the economic problems of the day this gives us some of the context the economic problems of the Germans and of the pope of the day meant they were selling these indulgence for an exorbitant amount of money and making money off then not as it was finally decided that when the indulgences that should be promulgated on behalf of St Peter's wrong sorry half the proceeds should by private agreement go to these families at the time there was some background politics of the day this tells us that Wittenberg was a significant place notice in Saxony had collected almost eight hundred thousand relics ranging from a twig from Moses' burning bush to a tear their Jesus shed when he wept over Jerusalem money from this traffic in relics provided the in down you know. For the University of Western burg pilgrims came from miles around form by making the proper prayers and offering one could indulgences that would cancel out almost two million years in purgatory. So the university was living on the money you could say that was coming into. These indulgence. So everyone's kind of got you know everyone's interested in making sure this goes on so you can see when Luther stands up as a professor off said University speaking against was bringing in money to the endowment fund of the university it's not just about being true to principle there's other. Dynamics around Petzl was the one selling indulgences and here's a quote from him he would preach imagine hearing this in a sermon you should know whoever has confessed and his country and put into the box at his confessor counsels him will have all of his sins forgiven so why are you standing idly by were not all of you for the salvation of your souls do you not hear the voices of your dead parents and other relatives screaming and say Have pity on me have pity on me we are suffering severe punishment and pain from which you could rescue us. That's the sermon on Sunday morning go get your money because your parents are screaming. And they need you to release them this was the superstition that the people were living under That's the famous quote that he said as soon as the coin into the coffin rings the soul from purgatory spring. Soon as our money clicks against the bottom your parent or your grandparent Antti they spring from purgatory and go to heaven Luther was speaking and standing up against this so he started you know the controversy he started when people would come here and bring their scripts of. Their. Indulgences to him he was an exception to start his career problem there's one interesting story of history that someone actually went and bought their indulgence from tensile because that the indulgences were for sins past present and. Future and there's one story of someone who bought an indulgence from Ted and then on tests all the way home he rocked at all. Debts as you can probably see just again you told me I could and it came back to bite him. You know the person was quite clever you would say now so this was kind of the situation at the time and it was on these doors that Martin Luther the nailed his ninety five theses in on October the thirty first fifteen seventeen Martin Luther never intended to what he did on that day would become in a sense what it became. You know. And the reason why we know he never intended it to become what it became is because he wrote it in Latin. If he wanted to become what it became to have written in German but he wrote in Latin his original intention was it would just be a discussion amongst the university professors in what didn't work but someone take took it translated it and because the Gutenberg press have been part had been invented you know several decades before translation into German Gutenberg Press put those two together it spreads all over Germany and what was initially probably just going to be a storm in a teacup becomes a tornado that threatens the whole church. God had his way God was right now and this is not just going to be a little thing in Wittenberg this thing is going to be the catalyst that's going to kind of change and be a turning point for Christianity you know Luther himself said the published A-T. did not appeal to me it's a very European way of saying he wasn't really you know after the publicist says he was just doing what he needed to do where do we stand today you know there's a correlation that says. If I have seen further than others Isaac Newton. It is because I stood on the shoulders of what. Science where do we stand today as a church like Have we forgotten where we've come from prophetically historically the whole question of where do you come from is an important question for us to ask ourselves today. You know today in America. Not just America you can do this in the saliva test using a saliva test to find out where you come from what your heritage is and it's fascinating they did this video some of you may see it on Facebook offline on the Internet where they had a group of people and they said Where do you think you come from and this person is alarming Lish This one says I'm from here this one says I'm from there when they actually start doing the test they realize that the English guy was like forty percent German and this guy was this and this guy was that it was I while I was with someone just last last week. This week last week. And he would always tell me I come from here this country. Just island but after doing the test you found out that he's actually forty percent Indonesian I where did that come from. Where on earth did that come from. My wife's uncle just did that test. And she always tells me she's half Japanese and half something else. And it's pretty accurate because Uncle did the test and found out he's ninety ninety seven point one percent Japanese My wife is pretty accurate and she says she's hot Japanese where we come from is a question we get asked all the time and it's a question we're not always sure how to answer for you where you come from where you come from Loma Linda you come from where your parents grew up you come from where your parents were born you come from where you were born. Growing up in England I would have that question my mom's from my son my dad's from aristos which you come from and I say I'm from England and I get this especially here in America because Americans have this concept that English people all white with blond hair and blue eyes and so when you say where you're from and I say I'm from England all. But where are you from ours and I know where they go in the question but i'm just can't be bothered to answer how they want me to answer it because. I was born and raised in England all but. Oh OK That's good. The question never going to answered but I know what the question was and they know what the question was but anyway it's just kind of one of those unique. Parts of interaction where do we come from spiritually as Adventists we should know. Our church didn't form in eight hundred forty four it didn't really form technically even though it was incorporated in eight hundred sixty where do we come from a Seventh Day Adventists like history is not just a study of date it's not just a study of characters it's not just kind of a boring recital of events that have happened in the past these events and these are men and these women they've paved the way for who we are today. And understanding our legacy helps us to have a greater sense of identity today and a great around it understanding as to who we are. Like our religious journey did not just start when we got baptized or it did not just start when our parents joined the church that we may be a part of today it's important for us to look back because by looking back it gives us great assurity in the present and as we look to the future it gives us great confidence with the future you know the quotation we have nothing to fear for the past and the future except we. Forget how the Lord has led us in the in the past one how did God lead his people and who did he lead and what were the challenges that they face it's important for us to kind of get a snapshot into the past to know as we're moving forward it's kind of right as a Christian we're always got one eye backwards and one eye forwards one eye backwards and one eye forwards what's coming up on us let's check what's coming up let's check it in the in behind. Some people today to kind of want to ignore was in the back some Christians just want to always look at the back and forget what's going in the front. As a Christian we live kind of between these three elements of the past the present and the future and it's important for us to cast the eye back that was we move forward our feet can be on solid ground. The Reformation all this year the five hundred anniversary of the Reformation has come to us today this year. Some are celebrating the end of the Reformation. Some are celebrating what the Reformation did and how different it was and Adventists we look back on a slightly different we look back on the Reformation as being key key events that took place that shape who we are but we're not stuck in time because we're not Lutherans and we're not Methodists or we're not Presbyterians we're Seventh Day Adventist. So we don't get frozen in time with Martin Luther all with John Knox or with John Calvin. But we recognize the principle of programs for verse eighteen that the path of the just is like the shining light the signs evermore into the perfect day we recognize that God was using those people and he was using them to bring back the light of the knowledge of His word and each one played a significant role in history. And we don't judge them but then by what we understand today what we know that God looks at us and will judge us by what knowledge and what truths we have access to today these men and women they lead the way for us. And it's important for us to understand where we've come from to know where we're going. Martin Luther. Wasn't perfect not by a long shot. And there's modern history now starts to look at these people and judges them in a sense by the standard that we have today modern history look at these people say well Martin Luther did this and Martin Luther did that Martin had to do this and Martin had to did that as if to discredit everything else they did we don't whitewash history but at same time we can always hold people by the moral standard we understand today and recognize God used them and they had a fragment of truth that they stood by and it was that principle that was key you may not know everything that you need to know or you'll know in ten years time but live by what you know now and that's the principle in many ways of Laodicea later see and know so much and lives by so little lives by what we know is in many ways the principle that we pull from the Reformation in these guys Martin Luther lives by you know that he's not for the just live by faith he's not for that I think. He's not not for the Sabbath. In fact he rejected the Sabbath and we as adamant just can't quite get a head around that how someone could have said one thing so strong and rejects what we let God do the judging him like that's the one thing he's known for and other people different things we each have our own path and God lead to different ways to live by God's word and live according to conviction as to what God reveals to us is one of the key things that we learn from these people now tomorrow morning we're going to look at some general principles of the Reformation and tomorrow afternoon we're going to look at some other stories and other principles that we pull from the Reformation that I believe provide a foundation for us today and can inspire us in the lives that we live today Rome declared there were two Instrument two causes of justification baptism a birth. We call it a christening Adventist a dedication doesn't know any of the same but is that was that birth Sacrament of Penance and it was by the sacraments that justification was given now. The reformers however spoke differently so they said you have to have this baptism and this penance of wits indulgences was to be justified the reformers came along the set and on is different we believe in Justification by Faith what alone and there in lay a huge difference the idea that faith rather than the sacraments would be the instrument that we are linked with Christ and receive the grace of justification was the revolutionary new idea the idea was maybe it has to be about size and then you have to have a constant life of confession indulgences confession indulgences in order to be saved Martin Luther and the reformers insisted that the right is this that justifies us was one that was insta Tia extra not meaning a righteous ness outside of what us what we believe that I meant is a right as this that is given to us by Jesus Christ as opposed to one that we generate ourself by whatever that we do to roam the rights of Christ is not imputed but infused to the believer and when the believer cooperates with the infuse righteousness the believer then possesses an inherent right as there is with them the ground of justification so wrong had this different view that obviously we hold today the Council of Trent fifteen forty five to fifty three said those who through sin have forfeited the grace of justification can again be justified when moved by God they insert themselves to obtain through the Sacrament of Penance the recovery by the merit of Christ with the grace lost for this man of justification is restoration for those fallen which the Holy Father has aptly called the second plan. So the penance was the second plan that they stood on they have lost it and now they have to do penance to get justification back this was all Martin Luther was standing against when he said the just live by faith they say catechism. It is going to go in baptism the sacrament of faith it confirms to us the right of that God who makes us inwardly just by his power of His mercy Martin Luther was objecting to this the ology that was being taught and he said we're justified by what faith alone and he would have some significant events in his life when this would be debated when he would stand on and debate these things this is in the in Worms the Diet of Worms you probably heard that is not too far from that spot where the statue is where he stood on the ground and made his stand where he defended his theological teachings and the famous phrase at the end is when he said Here I stand I can do what no other. But he was defending theologically his view on justification we remember his view on conscience and being true to conviction but he was just spending his view now this idea that we are slowly. Saved by grace or soley saved by faith how does that match up with like the view that we have fruits of repentance ever thought about that. The Catholic would say that you have to do something. Penance to earn your salvation. As a Protestant we say no you don't have to do anything. Forgiveness comes from hope we're saved by grace through what and not of yourself it is a gift of but what about when the Bible talks about the fruits of repentance. So have fruits meet for what. Repentance does that imply you have to do something to earn your repentance if you repent of something but there's no contrition is it genuine repentance yes or no no. But the question is what point do you receive forgiveness there's a bag on this they don't know if there's anything in it worth anything but let's just say as I go home today or steal that bag. Take it with me I've done something wrong and when I'm home I'm feeling guilty that I took the back. Of my back. So before I go to bed tonight I kneel down and say Lord forgive me the question is Am I forgiven Yes honor. Am I forgiven when I kneel down by the bed tonight it's a lot forgive me for stealing that back does God forgive me tonight before I go to sleep so kind of gets kind of gauge how Adventists or Catholic we are. Does God forgive me before I go to sleep. But I still get the bag in my room. Some people say you only forgive until you get the bag back but I'm a forgiving want to ask for forgiveness. Technically I'm forgiven straight away and I asked for forgiveness. Now stuff forgiveness in me or the spirit of whatever you call it repentance is genuine it will lead me then to what come back tomorrow morning at nine am on time for church someone say amen. And bring the bag and give it back to wherever the baggage is. However if I don't bring the bag back down I kind of go back into a state of what. Is kind of weird not weird but is which point are you forgiven now the Catholic view is your only forgiven until you've done that at the church at the end enough forgive. We believe don't know you're actually forgiven when you ask God to forgive you the fruits meet for repentance is not a prerequisite it is not a precondition but it is a it's a fruitful result it is a different way of looking at it. True repentance brings forgiveness before restitution is made however while restitution satisfies the command of God to pay our human debts it is not the ground of what justification. The Council of Trent held the work before justifying grace cannot marry Grace but after justifying grace the marriage final grace. The Protestant Reformation challenges hold legal history at scheme by contending that no Christian can merit God's favor they say we need to work to merit God's favor they said no no it's actually the way around we cannot marry God's favor by our works for Rome grace makes human marriage possible for the reformers grace makes human marriage what impossible a very different way of looking at what was a key belief at the time we believe you're saved by grace what through faith and that it's not of yourself it is a what it is a gift of God Martin Luther himself said these arguments of the sky last week about the member of Congress and worthiness are nothing but a vain Figment and dreamy speculations of idle folks about worthless stuff yet they form the foundation of the papacy and on their be arrested this very day for this is what every monk imagines by Observateur the sacred rules of my order I can earn the grace of Congress but by the works I do after I have received this great I can accumulate a merit so great that I will not only be enough to bring me it's our life but I can sell it to other people as well like that's the view we've got to work so hard to earn my own and then I can kind of start give it to the people too. He says no. The just shall live by what face that one text would feel back all these layers of darkness. And Adventist would be well for us to remember that the just live by faith Luther went on to say there is no such thing as marriage but all who are justified are justified for nothing ratties and that it is credited to no one but the grace of God for Christ alone it is proper to help and save others with his merits and works the works of others are of benefit to no one but to themselves either for the statement stands the just live by faith for faith ground us on the works of Christ without our own works and transfers us from the exile of our sins into the kingdom of his righteousness this is faith this is the gospel This is Christ. The just shall live by the Roman Catholic view was that faith plus works equals justification for the reformation and you would come along and say no faith at least the justification works follow one would say it's a precondition one would say works was a fruits our works should be the fruits of the relationship and Christ abiding in us our works are not the precondition of Christ saving us. So day we still wrestle with this whole concept we still wrestle back and forth as the what it means for wrong justification rests on sanctification for the reform of sanctification flows out of by necessary connection their justification. I pray that we would have a clearer understanding of the righteousness of God and a clear understanding of what it means to live by faith. This concept caused theological ruptures in the medieval church. And today some would like to say that this was all a misunderstanding you know Rome today still says that the view we had in the Council of Trent is the same view we have today nothing's changed nothing's changed God's word hasn't changed either the way men. And God's word when it was written thousands of years ago is still the divine truth that stands for us today and still lays the groundwork for how we should live our lives I like this quote though of Martin Luther. Because it kind of brings it back to home. Because it is easy to study the Reformation and get caught up in history as easy to study the Reformation and get caught up in theology or get caught up in dates but I love this text by Martin Luther because he kind of brings it back down to the personal aspect of himself and by Richard but by extension ourselves as well he said I am more afraid of my own heart than of all the pope's And Cardinal. For I have with in me the great pope self. It's easy for us as Christians or Protestant so Adventists or whatever term you want to live by point and say Catholics pope Reformation those are the earth. And forget have it really applies to us today you can study year in year of grace and faith and soul of this and soul of that but at the end of the day. Look first fear should be our fear as well. We should be more afraid of ourself than of anyone else and of anything else for in US lies the greatest of pope's And that is the pope's self. And only when we surrender and die to it all of whatever we may have spoken about make any sense to us today I pray that that may be our experience in our lives as we walk with Christ like invite you to bow your head as we close. Father in Heaven Lord I pray as we've looked back in the past as we've seen prophetically or historically how you have led just a snapshot of your people Lord we thank you for that in times of great darkness the light never fully went out. And today alone as we're living in a world of great darkness again I pray Lord that the light in our lives may not go out. That your words may abide in our hearts. And that we may be an example and a witness for you. Bless us Lord we pray. I may these closing words be our experience that we may not allow self to rain on our heart. But that we may be surrendered to you. And. We ask in Jesus name and this media was brought to you by audio verse a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about the universe or if you would like to listen to more sermon Please Visit W W W. Dot org.

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