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Logo of AdAgrA 2018: Something Better

6. Market Gardening: Finding the Perfect Farm

Alan Seiler Aubrey Seiler

Conference

Recorded

  • January 17, 2018
    4:15 PM
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So. A perfect farm finding the perfect farm it's. Actually Ellen why don't you share with them you're saying about a perfect farm do you remember it. You're all right I'll remind on of his saying a perfect farm if he often uses the saying about there is none righteous no not one. Well that's the same way when it comes to a perfect farm. We have concluded that on this earth the land God curse the earth for a reason so perfect farm is not doesn't exist How ever there are a lot of things that we can do when looking for a land or trying to figure out how to best use or land that can really save us in the long run. We've gone through we went through about. Of five four to five years of looking for farmland before we found the land that we were actually the Lord opened up and that we were actually rolling to willing to go with and during those sort of five years we learned a lot about what to look for or how to look for it when TO LOOK FOR IT tools that can save you time looking for it. Because there's one thing to just jump in to it and then be like wow I really wish this had happened and I really thought about actually what I was getting into. Me obviously you can think about it so long that you overthink it in the Nothing ever happens but there are there's a lot there's a lot of really good there's the so basically we're doing in this presentation is going over the check glistering that that we used in looking for our land and that we found really helpful in helping us navigate because it can get pretty tricky when you're trying to compare. And yes yes so. Can we go to the next one is OK so this looks nice and there are things about land this looks this is our this is our old farm so this is our first this is our prototype experiment it looks pretty looks pretty great on the surface doesn't it right but underneath you found things like this. And this was actually all rock that we hand removed from our fields like that. Yeah little by little inch by inch you know and you know how the Great Wall of China was built anyways something like this I guess but the thing is is that we want to help prevent you from making these types of mistakes going and buying a lot of land and then finding out that it doesn't have what you want Yeah I mean not that this was a mistake this was land that our folks purchased when we moved to Oklahoma just two acres my folks never dreamed that they would farm maybe have a garden but never farm and so. Thinking about what kind of land was not on their radar is just this nice little country piece of land two acres perfect place to bring a house but they didn't realize that the place only has like seven inches of topsoil and then you've got this bedrock limestone So even though the top might look great just a few inches below the service could be not great at all so these are things to to we're going to walk through to help you kind of go into it with your eyes open so we're going to look at four point OK quantity location and land resources Internet tools and on site test OK So quantity What do you need OK so for a small scale this is our oh yeah this is actually an aerial view of our farm before we purchased our aerial south of satellite which I guess is aerial anyway. So this is kind of the scale that we see. So for a country house with a family garden and fruit trees one to five acres is probably sufficient if you're going to do a small market garden to sell produce five to twenty acres is what you're probably going to be wanting to look for anything twenty to fifty acres a large market farm and there are some of those actually there are some really large market farms fifty acres that's a lot of vegetables and then one hundred plus acres model crop not necessarily though we are out in California and we visit a farm called the route zero brothers and there are mixed vegetable production where they grow a thousand acres of mixed vegetables it's amazing it's crazy but it's not exactly small I mean they send their product to Japan yeah they're doing a lot of good or but it doesn't just because you have a lot of acres doesn't mean you can't do that that's what they're doing and I just wanted to point that out there so but we're definitely within the five to twenty acres that's what we're shooting for here OK. OK Sean where should it be World Pool galaxy augury and you want to when you talk about your. Location where should be as we talked about earlier Earth is a good idea. Thinking about access I know Larry Michel briefly touched on this a little bit as well how far are you from an urban area because you have to think if you're doing it for market you're going to have customers so how far are you from a potential customer base are there passable roads all time zone of the years. Do you have access to utilities or does it need to be off the grid. Do you have cell service. What are your internet options they should be doing online marketing that's a biggie Yeah Internet is a really big thing for us is kind of funny because with our new place. They didn't think we could get the local Internet in that area and fact my mom called them and asked them and there lay. No sir we don't provide there and so she just was like OK they don't provide their so we don't know a phone we don't have internet and we did have cell service from certain parts of the property so we're using our. Hotspots to get our Internet well that. Quickly realize that was not sustainable for us because between doing the farm and then the projects that I'm involved in the projects that my mom is involved with and my dad works remotely sometimes. As the data was just like gone and so we're just like not been what do we do so we had some guys that do satellite internet not satellite dish Internet come in not dish as in dish but like they use a dish to get Internet not a you know a dish and so. They get out there and they get in their big list crane thing and they're like what a up and they're like nope who you know we really should be getting some connection here that's kind of strange like right over there there should be something that we're getting access to and so the guy down the ground calls headquarters and he's like hey we've got this point right why are we seeing anything and they're like oh well we just turned that off because no one ever used it. And he's like. Do you have plans of turning it back on you know well sorry guys the dish isn't going to be an option and so we're just like oh my God that wasn't an option because he was a way out there where he would have to reach and I'm like so we have to put Additionally up there he's like yeah at least eighty feet I think we have to build a tell all this case. Though you know well my dad is a wonderful man he's like you know what it's never going to take no for a first answer I'm going to call the local Internet company again and talk to them again so we called Talk to someone else that my mom didn't talk to and talk to them and talk to them and talked and they're like oh you know what you just said at the end of our. Yeah our service so we can make this work for you so a couple couple weeks later they were out there putting in the line and everything and we are praising the Lord we were yakking was like oh I don't know no Internet Internet Options yet that this one is very pertinent I will say one thing really quick as far as how farm your far how far from an urban area is your farm this is really important because sometimes we feel like we need to get out of the cities and be gone and the reality is is that it's clear from the Spirit of Prophecy that we're not supposed to live in the cities but we're supposed to be close enough to them to reach them and so in my opinion people that move out beyond in are going into situations where they're just trying to sell preserve themselves for one thing it's a very selfish motivation and secondly how are they going to reach anyone for the Gospel So two big things right there well it makes it really hard to market farm when you live six our market farm it's hard to be do anything be an influence or anything like that. Anyways it's a pet peeve obviously. So how far are you from to potential market sets like kind of the same idea from how far from an urban area. Allan do the toxic waste OK So this is very important toxic waste are there factories near your land what is the byproduct. Are there feed lots or chicken houses oil rigs or fracking rigs are there human waste treating facilities nearby What are they doing to the water what are they doing to the air a lot of this can be resolved by good observation and that's called Google Maps going around because sometimes you can get sometimes you can't see these places we're going to talk about that but here here's the thing is that do you really want to be at a place where you're smelling chicken all the time like not chicken isn't roast chicken but as in poop chicken type of thing and the oil rigs and fracking rigs it's a little bit in Oklahoma that's a big deal and what they're doing to the water situation the quality sometimes they make mistakes and they will conclude an entire awkward for with salt water and contaminants So these are things that we need to be aware of go in with our eyes open so that we make sure that we're not going to be affected by it and then of course factories and stuff can have byproducts that they're just pushing into rivers that can contaminate Aqua firs and if you're using that as your primary drinking source and irrigation source it's a big problem so good observation on that yeah G.M.O. crops is another thing that can be a little harder. To to manage but yes that's a good point as well natural risks so take an assessment of the natural risk of your areas things like flooding drought hail wind tornadoes hurricanes ice snow fire earthquakes mudslides volcanoes and of course the meteorites. These are all things that you want to take into consideration just so you know what you're having to deal with on the on or other presentation on the I look at image off to the to the east side there is a slew of tiny white box on the odd OK image that's our storm shelter we currently live in a fifth will and a bumper pool camper and we do get tornadoes in our area we had one just a couple years about five miles north of us that got a mile wide Yeah a mile wide tornado like these things are real thing so we've got to think OK well you got to understand what's kind of going on around us it's becoming seeming to become more and more pertinent as well if you've been paying attention to the news. I do have to say a funny thing about the volcanoes though so we all were involved in this land search and for the first maybe two or three years Mom and I were hopeful that maybe possibly we could find something that wasn't in Oklahoma and I had my heart set on the Pacific Northwest I love the Pacific Northwest I there's just a lot of things and I have so I kept looking for land in the Pacific Northwest and. Compared to land prices in Oklahoma. It's a lot different and so I think Bush just knew how we're going to swing this one like him so much money and then I was on oh what's that one website starts with a Z. that you you know yeah I was. That one and I found this farm just south of Seattle oh a twenty acre farm with it's already this own orchard how unlike an older but nice looking farmhouse on it and it was like one hundred fifty thousand dollars for the whole thing and it was like Alan Alan look at this like this is in the pictures are just gorgeous and just like. In the in the picture there is like this mountain kind of in the background and Alan's like let's do this we'll one survey on that and so I was like OK so we did a swell web survey and I'm just like getting a site like one hundred fifty thousand dollars like some of the out like this is the answer to prayer and the slew of survey came back volcanic ash. Like resilience a while like. I don't know everybody who live there is going to vote yeah so this will was all like volcanic soil and. Yeah it's roots greed soil but Alan has this thing for a living right underneath active volcanoes that he just I don't know that bothers him for some reason I thought it would have been great but I mean it's so natural it is reasons why we didn't yeah and I was so excited and just didn't work out OK volcanoes sorry yeah so natural risk good to keep into consideration so you know what you're dealing with isn't right and you're never going to limit all natural risk it's just impossible but the idea is that you want to go in with your eyes open and count the cost because if you have like a lot of hail or a lot of wind in an area those are going to be additional expenses expenses to compensate for and we're actually we can talk a little later anyone has questions about what we're doing as far as infrastructure to help mitigate hail on our situation because we've had a. Issues with it pretty much every year so easements and right away as. In this is this is really interesting because when you're looking at land it's not always apparent what are what is actually on that land so for instance you can be out a land and there might be it might be completely open there might be nothing on it no power lines no pipelines but the thing is is that they could have already requested an easement to go across that land and the reality of the matter is is that they might still have easement even though they haven't yet put something in they might still have legal easement So it's very important to do your due diligence to know what what is coming with that land because they're not going to advertise it and you have to go whether it's your county courthouse your local government should be able to tell you what easements are where and if they cross your land because you don't want to like if there is an easement issue on that land you could build your house right in the middle and if it's in the easement you don't know about it they will destroy your house and they won't pay you anything for it so this is a very important thing to know pipelines and gas lines you might have them crossing your land Personally I don't really like that or they might be coming in but the thing is is that pipelines can be dangerous. If you hit them if you don't know they're there if it's a historic area that house a lot of pipelines sometimes they don't have the mark sufficiently and there have been several people in Oklahoma that have been killed because when you hit a pipeline it's under so much pressure it basically vaporizes everything within a certain radius and so these are these are hazards that you need to think about electric lines. Yeah that is the Okie dig so. One of the things that you can do I'm not sure if it works when you're looking at land or if you have to own land I don't think it really matters but the thing is is that OK Did you get eight one one that's an Oklahoma I'm sure it's I don't know Texas digger I'm not sure what it actually is but it's a number you call and basically all the municipality. And the municipal companies electrical and gas they have to come out there within a certain period of time like two days and mark all their lines for you before you do any type of digging and so that can be a great thing as well to check into but do your due diligence make sure that you're clear because you don't want to run into these guys are very wealthy and they're not going to be very nice. Necessarily. OK you want to do this when you want me to go OK resources and a lot of us we talked about a little bit about this before but all land has certain resources. So water seventy eight gallons per minute is pretty good for a house well but of course it's not going to be sufficient for a farm so twenty to twenty five gallons a minute is what we have here and that's what we're thinking for our numbers are a little different one point five acres Anyway as you remember what I said before rule of thumb fifteen gallons per minute per acre of irrigated land using drip tape which is what I said which is that lower limit twice that much for overhead test for pot ability this is a very important thing it needs to be drink a bull if you're going to use it in your wash house especially if it has to be clean water and test for irrigation quality and I think this is where I have this. Thing is that I was talking to a guy I'm not sure if he's here but he was from Arizona and especially an Arab states not necessarily in all Arab states but especially in Arab states you can be dealing with sodium in the water and potentially sodium at levels that really can't be compensated for by any type of treatment so this is one thing you need to take into consideration when you are looking for land. And we recommend I'm not sure if we're going to get to that here or not but we would definitely recommend if that's if you have land and it doesn't have a well that's producing the water that you want it you by all means drill a well first and most people will let you come in and drill a well before you buy that land a test hole because you have to know that you have the. Water and then you can take a sample out of that incident off to a lab and make sure that water is up to specs because if it's not you're going to have a terrible time growing if it's not good now as far as interpret in those tests it's Greek to me but these guys be consulting they're out in California so they deal with a lot of questionable water situations it's one hundred dollars an hour for the consulting and it's usually thirty three dollars or so for a test a water test no necessarily specific lab but you want it for irrigation water quality and. It's well worth it to make sure that you can actually use that water for irrigation. It's well you know isolate it well worth it to get that Anyways moving on. But. Not all soils are the same. There's clay loam and sand and these are things that we need to consider. Also oils can be worked with but it will just determine how much it takes to work with it I definitely recommend a soil test before you buy a property. See here and I'm going to go into that a little bit here in this next side OK so here are a few things that we want to test for. I'll mention that here I don't think I have OK So that's on the next slide OK So as far soil on the property OK I want to know how many inches to bedrock. I'm sorry I'm reading this I should be reading this this is the live one OK so how many how many inches to bedrock. My ideal is three feet I don't really want to see anything less than that now we were in a situation where it was less than that and that's really not a good situation you really want some death to work with so I wouldn't do anything less than three feet if you have a choice if you're in a situation where you've already bought land and you don't have that we're going to have to work with it right but if you do have a choice these are these these type of perfect these ideals that you want to be looking for another thing is how high is the water table this is another thing even though it might have a great soiled there can be situations where that water table might be high at certain times of the year and you can't grow anything with it because it's so saturated quick example we went and saw a piece of land in Oklahoma and we drove out there and we called the guy and he said Tell us a little bit about the land and he's like well it's a sandy loam which is a fairly well drained soil usually. In the amazing thing is that I have five ponds on this property and they never go dry in the worst seasons these things never go dry they're amazing ponds sounds pretty good anyway so we were driving around driving around and these ponds you know. I think of a pawn that won't go dry during the year I'm thinking of a fairly good sized pond right well I start looking in these ponds are like. You know maybe you know the maybe like thirty by fifty These are not big pawns you know when you're thinking of upon like Man how these ponds stay wet so much there was another one another one and they were full he was right anyway so we we try to turn the car around and we start spinning this is this is this is well come to find out the water table there it's kind of a slightly lower even though it didn't look low it had a clay layer a fairly thick clay layer in the water from this hill nearby came down and kind of ran under that and it kept this clay hydrated and the water couldn't drain that's a big problem so even though your top layer of soil might be a good quality what's under it that's restricting it from draining out and so we just turned around and well it was quite an endeavor we got stuck in we were pushed in and we almost not didn't get off the property but these are things that you need to think about how far to water how far is the water table and at what time of the year is it not going to be able to be grow bill so that's that's the thing there the next thing is. Of course that talk I guess that addresses to what is the soils during class and work there are different soil drain classes there's a B. C. and D. D. is by far the worst A is the best it's like it just falls out type of idea and the thing is is that depending on your soils drain class health quickly it drains will determine things like how much drainage ditches will you need to build into your farm how much earth work are you going to need to do to make sure that your fields don't flood Larry mention this by putting that drain tile on his field and these are not things that are unsurmountable but these are things that when you think about working your budget you're thinking oh I'm going to pay so much for. And then I'm going to grow on it well what else has to be done to this because drain tile inland in a large way is very expensive and it takes specialty equipment and so really what you can do to try to limit that expense overall expense is going to be really important not insurmountable but think about that as a possible additional cost the next thing here is. How do things go on a are there any dead zones OK And there there are lands that you might go out there in the soil might look close OK but there's like these bare patches and the first thing that comes into my mind when I see bare patches or things won't grow or they grow very thinly I'm very concerned about was there anything dumped there is there any type of toxicity here do I need to be concerned if that seems to be a situation throughout you know I want to see something I don't it doesn't necessarily need to be uniformity over the land but I don't want to see bare spots because bare spots means or something fundamental wrong with that soil where there might be toxins there that you might not be able to account for so a test would be able to help with that. Which is the next thing the soil test and if you are buying I have some friends that live in. When actually cashmere the whole west side of the Cascades Cascades in Washington. East side of the cascades which is a dry area and they grow there's a lot of orchards historically it's been a high orchard area Well the problem with orchard is is that historically speaking pesticides used a lot of heavy metals on those orchards and so you want to make sure that especially if you're buying land that has historical crop as historical crop land and you know that the crops grown there had heavy metals applied to them there might be a residual in the soil that you might not be able to get rid of and so those are things that you will want to consider as well and of course there might be dead zone. Because of that in an orchard area but not necessarily. In the course I have the test for heavy metals on there which would be a residual from an orchard situation and that's if you suspect it right if everything's going well if it's pretty uniform I would necessarily be worried about it but yeah the more history the more that you can have on that land the better decision you're going to be able to make if this is an appropriate place for you. And. Can the agricultural service and Whitmire McConnell They're both here at the conference these are their prices for that and their contact information if you want to take pictures these would definitely be guys that if I'm going to be taking a saw test I don't want them to interpret interpret it and help me out making those decisions because the reality of the matter is is that we can't all be professionals at everything we have to bring people along side us to help make better decisions OK. You know talk about this or do you want me to talk about. I can try OK slope soap is a big thing to take into consideration partially because it can really complicate how you have things laid out if you have extreme slopes. When you're doing. Farm production What is the percentage of slope on the property and I think the ideal you don't want to go over five percent slope starts getting out of that and it starts getting a little steep. Do you see if we drive a tractor on a land on the land that's a really good question I know and I've heard a lots of people getting in problems with flipping tractors and you don't generally flip tractors on flat land it can be done it's probably possible but you know. It's a lot less likely than if you're driving like this and you flip or like this and you clip or whatever. I'm not even actually allowed to drive on the little bit of slope that we have on our property I get to drive the tractor on the flatland and then everything that tell you like let me take it OK no problem with me. Anyways we'll talk about this later does you in what direction does the slope on your land face that can have a big influence on how things run as it fits north as it faces south as it faces east as it faces west I think ours while ours is pretty much flat but ideally bit of a north face you know on ours but just very slight so slight It doesn't really make a difference I think the South is probably preferred right. South facing can be preferred I know that I don't know if this makes much of a difference or not but I know that people that try to push let's say orchards or something especially the stone fruits like peaches apricot things like that especially when you're growing in the south the idea is that you want to have a certain amount of days of cold. So that those plants can recharge I don't know it's something about these types of crops but the idea is that if you can keep them cold for long enough. They will do better but the thing that we have is in Oklahoma is that we have these killing frost that come late in the season well if it's cold and then it warms up and you never have a back killing frost that you know that's fine everything works out well but if if you're on a south facing slope and you planted your orchard on a south facing slope and then it's going to warm up faster because that slope is because it's facing south is going to warm up so your trees are going to come out of dormancy a lot sooner they're going to bloom and then they have a more likelihood of being killed by a frost and so if you have it on the north side it's colder it keeps them cooler and hopefully keeps them dormant for longer until you get past that period where you're not going to have frost I don't know how effective it is but that's what I that's probably the only situation that I could think of where someone might want to have a north facing slope. And especially in a northern context in the Sari in a southern context in a northern context I think it's pretty much always south facing is primary. Makes sense to me either hills or on the land that would shade it in the wintertime how much sun exposure do you get in the wintertime is probably another way of stating that question does the engine is only with how it slope or does the lighter tend to sit in congregate in areas the hills around it we went to a farm I think it is in Virginia and this guy it was a beautiful land but he had this hill to the south of them a fairly large hill to the south of him well in the winter time your sun so low on the horizon he basically would only get in direct sunlight all day it was not a good situation because this hill was so tall and so this is one of the things that you want to consider is that in the winter time as well as in the summertime in the summertime it wasn't such a big deal because it went over more you know overhead like this but I want to time when that sun moves farther to the. Are you still going to have that full sun exposure to your property. When protection this is probably a bigger deal in Oklahoma and the plains than other places it's definitely a big deal for us how much does the wind blow How fast does a blow How often does a blow Oklahoma where the when comes sweeping down the plane and the waving right so that's something to keep in mind because when the Qin really stress out your plants not only stresses us out but it can stress out the plants so that's something to keep in consideration do you have hills or trees to protect you from wind if you don't have these natural windbreaks What are their options are there. We looked at this one piece of land that was completely exposed and the guys were like it was only it was almost literally behind our old house like just over the hill and actually there's a video of the sun here I think that's right and not of this exact situation but Allen and dad were kind of pushing to us we were together they were desperate and they're like This is such you know we could make this work there's US tree on the property and it's kind of like up on up on a little bit of a roll so just like the winds come through there. And mom and I are just thinking you know we understand the convenience factor it's just you know a five minute drive maybe but this is not a nice place the wind is is insane and then the guys are talking well we get telephone poles and put them up and stretch these wind barriers and so we're imagining like this you only see those driving ranges in the city that are these giant things a moment are just like you know you guys can we like think fully the perk test failed on that property which we're getting to the perfect test in this it failed and we didn't get the land so we're very grateful because I. You could just imagine great we don't find doesn't work and we decided to convert it into a driving range and that led to me and that's why I'm sore spots you know extreme and so do you have at least five acres of wood for heating How important is privacy to you I mean these are literally questions I just pop up in my our minds not all of them are important necessarily to everybody but they were things that were important considerations to us so I think that got us through our resources. Internet tools to save you time you start with the good OK Google maps are fantastic when it comes to. What do we use the Google Maps for. We use OK I mean I mean what I do is google me we use the Google maps to help us plot to know how far we are from these different urban locations where we might be selling to and what is the transit time between them that's very important and what are the roads like and you can zoom in and you can tell a lot about our Is there a chicken house here is there a factory here you know what's the situation here there just a great I in the sky before you I would not if I was interest in a piece of property I would not even go see it until I had consulted Google Maps to kind of get a feel of the land and it's just a great resource you can measure things on Google Maps it's a great resource for a resource for for farm hunting. When you talk OK so a web survey this is this is a service an amazing service provided by the United States Department of Agriculture it is free and says they do have a Canadian version I've used it they have a soil web server in Canada I don't remember the Google thing I mean address but it's exact same thing just you can see here what would it be for I'm not going to try for Canada. Whatever OK So on a great resource and we're going to. Sean if you were my friend and I would let you but since you're my friend. Exactly where you are on it really. You come up here real quick and mention it so for people on audio verse can hear you know I'm not sure what I mean. OK so the file type that Google Earth three Sean just come up in OK I'll try OK the file type that Google Earth reads is called A K M L file. Or K.M.C. file and you can export the file from. You can download the can all file. Off off the Web site all survey and then access it on Google Earth so that you can be standing in a certain place and know exactly what the swells like under your feet. Very good OK Did everyone get that. If you have cell service and. If you don't contact Sean and he will maybe be. So. I feel so well then the next week is the absolutely hear me OK well. Yeah so this is what we're going to be looking for. In an ideal situation and then we're going to show you how to look this up on the soil web service so apparent material lower sandy loam that's an ideal that's a preference that I like to see topical profile with no bedrock within thirty six inches that's a three foot limit that I talked about a one to three percent slope I feel is ideal someone else might want soapy but that's that's what I'm shooting for and then class drainage B. or C. OK is what we're looking at and then no flooding ever OK this is a situation it's really nice with the saw web survey is that it actually will tell you if it has any historical flooding whether it is perpetual situation where you're always going to have flooding whether it's infrequent flooding and then it will say no flooding so it kind of takes you through those those three scales and it's pretty downright accurate actually at least we found it very accurate so this is what the page looks like does it start playing oh so you're going to click on that little green button that everyone see that. The little green button. OK. You're going to click on the little green button and it's going to load the page OK Can I pull along in the Sauber. I think you can. And then it's going to load of course the United States in K. in the situation and you're going to go over to the address button and put in the address if you don't have the I just button you can also zoom in to where you are so. You just put in your what is it doing. I don't know I can't control this anyways so in this case we're presentation do you want to take it out because when it's just a single file I was able to pull through it and that will be a lot faster. OK There we go so so we it loads the United States OK And then you can put your address in there or you can come up here and do the zoom buttons on the little feet and so I'm going to zoom in to where we are in Oklahoma. OK And we're getting down to where we are OK So this is our property. And you come up to the top here and you do an ale why which stands for area of interest and you can either do a rectangle or you can do a poly gone option where because not all land is perfect squares right so you can either square it out. And once you get that it makes this little green it's there's this little greenish net over a property. And then it tells you it tells you a few things it tells you that this is twenty two point four acres. That you did. And then you can also do a poly gone that's just showing that there's just those two different buttons there now we're going to go up to a soil net which is another one of the tabs up there and it loads this page and on the left hand side here it has all the soil types and has them see those little orange lines that's the less soil type boundary lines and sometimes those boundary lines mean completely different soil types sometimes they just mean soil at a different percentage of slope OK so it doesn't necessarily mean it's a different soil just a different percentage of slope so we have. Here we have three types of soils represented on this land and it tells us the actual a courage of the. Soil So for instance let's say when you're looking at land might all of it might not be grow a bowl or primary growing land so you want to know what the relationship is between the land you can actually use for growing in the land that's not usable for growing and that's really great on here so. And then we can come over here and we can click on these soil types and it starts out and it kind of tells tells us the slope for this quantifying sandy loam tells me a map national map it tells me elevation it tells me the mean annual precipitation as far as how much land it tells me the average air temperature frost free periods and the farm class and this says all areas are prime farmland that you see how it's the little red tab up on the top kind of left hand side the first tab says ale why area of interest the second tab so soil so you start out you start out with us. You start out in the first tab you have to go to the first tab to draw your net and then you go to the second tab to create your to actually see see the Soil Map then you click on the soil types on the left hand side can you point out the soil types of it you're going to click on those on the print there and it's going to open up this profile of the soil so going down the profile it tells us a lot of information the first part but then it starts help us on the setting of the land land formation land position down slope across slope that's all for you know. What's the word topography and then the topical profile down here this one where my house is tells us the zero to eight inches fine sandy loam eighteen to sixteen inches fine sandy loam sixteen to sixty four inches sandy clay alone and sixty four to eighty inches fine sandy loam so it goes it gives you a profile of the soil unless you hit bedrock down to eighty inches and then it will say bedrock below eighty inches or something like that so that's this is where you can get that topical profile so you know with that you're within the three foot limit right then the next thing tells us about the percentage of slope it. Tells us the depth to restrictive layers which could be Clay could be rock and then this says of course it's a well drained soil it tells us it's runoff class is low so it means that most water that gets onto the soil is not going to run off where maybe a clay soil would have a higher runoff class sandy soils that the soil actually penetrates through the profile it doesn't beat up and run off the land so this land drains really well. And then. Down below that says frequency of flooding none frequency of ponding because it's a high it's a high it's a class is a Class B. drainage the high call hydraulic group says it on the bottom there that basically is why the frequency of ponding doesn't happen is because it drains well so this is an invaluable resource. For for a farmer that's looking for a new farm because you get a tremendous amount of data that you don't have to be there to experience if it says no flooding it's not going to flood I mean it is very accurate and we've we've used this on probably four or five different pieces of land we're looking for land and they are pretty spot on it's amazing supposedly to divide that the way this information came to be is that they divided up the project among counties and then counties went out and basically surveyed their entire land by a surveying process and then they put it into this database and this there's very few areas except for military areas that you have information on this media was brought to you by audio for years a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about the universe or if you would like to listen to more sermons Please Visit W W W audio first or.

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