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Take the mystery out of successful blueberry production. How to grow happy plants that will supply an abundance of this delicious and nutritious fruit.

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  • January 19, 2018
    9:30 AM

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They're having the father we just pray will now bless us as we share together and Lord give us understanding Jesus name Amen. OK. Well why barriers Why do we do Barry. I can tell you a good reason we do berries. Because berries or fall in the category of small fruits. And small fruits. Are often easier and quicker to grow than big fruits. OK And quite a few years ago my husband had the burden to. To have. This one. Had the burden to. Start at some time. To start up some kind of. Something that we could do for a family activity because we saw other children where we were living that were running around their parents were concerned about him because what are they doing they didn't have something so this is always been a quest of my husband's to grow blueberry plants from carryings So we went visiting some people and found out how to do it but this is that inspiration here parents can secure small homes in the country and what can they do. Maybe they can cultivate the way in and do what raise. Pledge doubles and small fruits to take the place of flesh meat which L. so corrupting to the life blood OK. This is. Where ever fruit can be grown in abundance a liberal supply should be prepared for winter. And this is one place. And she doesn't list blueberries here but there's but they're small fruit such as currents gooseberry strawberries raspberries and Black Berries can be grown to advantage in many places where other things can be grown and so it's just blueberries are Native American fruit the rabbit I berries are native of Georgia and now so it's something that and they are so good for you. If you help benefits and there's there's many different health benefits from blueberries that chronic diseases associated with aging whole like acid protection against cervical cancer help to prevent your narry tract infections like cranberries you know and they're powerful antioxidant and they're just downright delicious. This is very interesting James White had such a burden. James White had such a burden about growing small groups with the discarding a flesh with a discarding of flesh meats as food by help three farmers has come a need of something to take its place blueberries to take the place of flesh meats we know of nothing so eminently adapted to supply this as fruit so James why I wrote a little booklet to promote small fruits and he. For a wide distribution it was published you have the. Page there are. OK So James White published Battle Creek review and herald back in eight hundred seventy. This book if you have the L N Y C B two thousand and eight edition. Look under James white under the pioneer authors and look under James Y. in the last entry will be that book on small fruits. Where he covers the raising strawberries where he spends most of his you know he concentrates on those that also raspberries Black Berries and grapes and then in the back of the book they have where you can order the plants from Battle Creek the publishing house so they were actually really encouraging it and selling the plants so we. You don't find blueberries in there because blueberries had not yet been domesticated at that time they been around since about one thousand nine hundred they are mentioned just in one spot and it it's in the context of canning the fruits thinking be well canned OK And of course at the end will Yeah they're called Portal berries. W H O R T T T L E one T L E B berries WARTELL berries so you may have read about Wardle berries That's the old name for blueberry and they were wild then OK in our experience of course of the mess to catered varieties which had been developed by then OK Next There you see us in the blueberry patches. It's. It's a beautiful sight when they're in full leaf and pretty and they haven't started you know they're just in full flush with all the berries they start out looking loaded and then if they're good healthy plants they get to looking less loaded because they've grown beyond the berries but they're still in there OK. There we are propagating them there's little IANA. She is. Putting up a cutting and small hands were really good for getting these little cuttings out of the rooting bed and you see the rooting beds there those are. There you see the rooting bed there you see the plants under sprinklers just you know on. OK All right so. That was that was kind of the avocation that we used to keep our children busy some of the time. Go ahead. There's a bunch being moved on a trailer and now we're just for the overview of it. What do we do for varieties and site planning to go going on through the list the it's good to know these things before you start. Right. OK And there we have the name world there. Now in the blueberry realm there are three main cult of ours that is three main three main types of blueberries I should say the Northern High Bush. And the rabbit I northern high bush was a first going to be developed the rabbit I came later and then later on came the southern high bush which is quite recent. Besides that we also have the low bush. Which is in the far north the low bush berries have never really been domesticated but the wild wild cult of ours have been planted and so the low Bush is not so important we have a diverse haven't they all come from four different yes yeah basically the rabbit I Bush came we our experience has been large has been just about one hundred percent with rabbit I rabbit I are. Easier to grow were in the middle of their zone. And rabbit I was developed just like the rest of them from wild varieties they just interbred about four main riot he's rabbit wild rather die and from these four. All the different varieties within the type so there's three types but each type has a number of different varieties that have been developed and are being developed. Things are still going on so now we'll look at. The right the selection within each category the varieties. All right so whether the right is selection within the category gives you that variety selection within a category and each. You know the differences is the berry property is how they ripen when they ripen. When they ripen. And that has that's important because see if you pick a variety that's early and a variety that's mid season a variety of years later you can have blueberries for two months just imagine having fresh fruit available like that all summer long you know that's that's a good thing that's in the rabbit a realm and. Course they have it so here are some examples of northern high place and it tells you the fruits. Of the plant habit is that an upright Bush or more of a spreading Bush. They have comments on it the flavor and then you notice on the left the season OK. There are some examples of Southern high bush and that's. The jewel you know and they they grow Southern High Bush in California a lot. So. One thing about the blueberries is that the. The Northern High Bush and the Southern High Bush are more vulnerable to past and diseases as I understand and so they're more likely to need to be sprayed than the rabbit I So we are very happy to be in the region for rabbit I. Yeah the Southern High Bush and the northern high Bush had thinner skins. And the rabbit well adapted because they have a secure and their flesh here maybe not quite as sweet but I think they're pretty good. And there may not be quite as big but now they're developing even larger varieties of rabbit eye and so anyway we we hardly suggest that you start out with a rabbit eye and go you know if you're in the right region there's something there's some examples of rabbit I and the some of the old standbys I would say are tipped blue and climax and besides that there's premier. Right well yeah right we've had experience with some of these riots premier climax bright well to pollute. Oh yes in theory and. Now here are some pictures of the different berries OK base price taste is concerned I personally don't think there's anything that compares with the little bitty wild blueberries but they're hard to find in one take a long time to pick. Yeah they have a little berries the wild ones like we have some on the corner you know on the edge of our. By our driveway you know we have a wild blueberry plant. Rabbit I and I don't know some of them taste better some of them taste worse. Now on the left you see a cluster rabbit I berries and you notice the blossom into the Berry is flat OK now look at the high bush blueberry on the right see they have a little nose sticking out so when you buy blueberries you can right away tell what kind they are by looking at them. OK OK. All right OK then when the microphone OK. There we go rabbit I blueberries by the way are also shine because they're well adapted to different more adaptable to different soils in fact you don't have to have a quite so acid for them they they do quite well they can do quite well. Now one of the things you want to do is select a site that has some of the basic acquirements and if we look to Christ we bear fruit right how about a plant if they can see the sun they will bear fruit do. They have enough sun so the more sunlight the better you see. Yeah right the blueberry plant It's grow in the woods naturally OK you go on the bare woods and you will find. Very few berries one here one there one there but as you saw in the picture you get big clusters of them in the sun In fact we used to go collect cuttings at a lady's house and she had a wild huckleberry bush that had been transplanted into the sun and had just as many berries as the domestic ones did did. But of course they were they were small so she called her huckleberry bush OK. And of course you don't want the plant to lean then the other thing is you need to see what's growing there if there's some perennial grass or weeds or something you're going to need to do maybe a year prepare peroration to get those weeds out of there if they have you know say Bermuda grass for me to grass is very hard when you're trying to establish a blueberry plant. And so forth and Black Berries and get into them too and you can pull those out. Now it's best to have soil with a high organic competent. As far as how the plant produces You don't have to get have that to get started and I'll show you when you do set up while the plant is there. Another thing is drainage it needs to have good drainage they like air if water is standing they do rather poorly. They just they don't do well at all. The root zone the whole blueberries is very shallow like six inches they have a very shallow roots own and so you need to keep the water and so the way to improve this all is to malts mulching conserve water. And mulching also alternately. Adds organic matter and mulching keeps the weeds away now and we planted some blueberries where we lived at Wildwood only live there after we had raised them there were some pine bark bores that came through and destroyed the pine trees so we cut them down and cleared things out and took a spot where they'd you know pretty well died off almost one hundred percent and we just didn't do much at all in planning blueberry plants but the soil was pretty good and we put you know the soil was a correct PH It didn't have much organic matter being pine woods and they grew anyway but they would have done a lot better if we'd treated them right and we just kept the weeds away because there weren't any weeds there start with. OK. Then it's always good to treat your soil with amendments first and. Calcium is one you might want to have if you're in a place that will just pine woods and for that we use gypsum heard of that now the reason we use gypsum for calcium instead of a line is because blueberries like an acid Ph. Then blueberries also use pot ash and when you put apply potash you can use sulphate of potash or get some natural form of pot ass. They do need some magnesium but it may already be in the soil you just have to find what it needs and then in the spring we do we get them some nitrogen and it will help them out too after you've added your minerals and of course then you have the issue of PH How many have heard of ph and blueberries they like an acid soil. Now there we have a picture of the PH absorption and the thing that's so important to blueberries is iron they they really need iron and as you can see Iron is absorbed better at low ph is but that's not the only thing the that seems to be involved there seems to be other issues too I don't think it's completely understood. BOB GREGORY says that you can he in his experience he they will have a PH is just slightly acid and by treating the soil with instead of the normal twenty or thirty parts for million of iron boosting up to one hundred twenty parts per million that he was able you know he's able to grow blueberries in a more or less acid environment not alkaline but you know slightly acid. Go ahead now and here is what they say for iron absorption with normal iron levels and that certainly is easier if you have a low ph to start with it's very helpful. PH of four to four point five point five for rabbit eye and then less than five for high bush. Again I can tell you though. If it's too low they won't get enough calcium. There are different varieties that vary in their Ph requirements there is a picture of what you get if you don't have enough iron It's called Iron chlorosis where the veins show up a light or it's just called chlorosis that is iron chlorosis but chlorosis can happen from other purposes other reasons too where the chlorophyll isn't there. OK. Now if you do get iron clad roses there's always a stop gap that works quite well and that is key lated iron. Key lated iron is in a form that can be very readily absorbed it doesn't require the acid at all and you can spread directly on the leaves. And so you can you know that's true other things that can cause chlorosis too I had some they had light leaves where we planted their Wildwood after a while and they were losing their leaves prematurely and their problem was when I checked the PH It was right around four I was afraid to put lime on him so I just put gypsum on them and they you know in a year or so they look better so there's other things that can do it too it's sometimes can be a little difficult to figure out all these little details OK. So when your career chooses. It's a good idea to have know what the PH was and if you could tell know the history that is really good if it has been limed for a decade. And you're in the southeast you're probably OK although I know places where I've been where the PH even after that long wasn't wasn't good it's just the PH is important. And one of the can do is look at the weeds some weeds like an acid soil that is some weeds like a low calcium soil they are able to put their roots down to where the calcium as Leach to in the soil and so they're. Able to grow where the rest of them don't in our parts of Tennessee the thing you see with an acid soil the sage grass which is kind of a useless grass the cattle don't like it. Then of course it was recently cleared woodland as we had there at Wildwood then it's probably probably acid and. The. Thing about it is that it's much easier to raise a PH than to lower it but there are methods you can use to lower it with blueberries and like I say give the Meiers to make up for there are things you can do. You really need to get a soil sample get your Ph tested because the other is just guesswork and you know and in our quest for a country place and so forth we've got married at Wildwood lived in a certain one place for a few years and planted a few blueberry plants and then we found a spot in the woods and then it up getting a house built and moved up there and when we did that we tested the PH five point one and I said Good we can grow blueberries. And somebody says you've got acid soil he was pointing to Violet with sorrel and I said What do you see growing next to it a blueberry plant. So you see it's good to know to know your acid loving plants so if you see sorrel that's probably it. OK now here we have some methods to lower the Ph If you add so for it should be at least six months before planting in the fall and they say one pound of so for. Well it's about a two square foot area that you're going to treat and so you can treat with sulphur then and then there are citified for analyzers if you're not going strictly organic. As a leader fertiliser is good and the reason is because it has ammonium so fate. And ammonium sulphate means that the plant takes up the ammonium or the nitrogen and what's left behind so very Cason and you can also get aluminum so fate because aluminum tends to favor an acid soil. But acidifying mulches are really a really good way now there are citified mulches and Outland ising mulches which ones you want to use. Acidifying Well what makes them all to signify and what makes it alkaline Well mulch is and substances that are easily decomposed attacked by the fast decomposers like in a compost pile and that is bacteria bacteria producing Aukland a means. But then there are things like leaves and wood chips and pine straw the bacteria can't read it really digest the lead and lignin Sonos so the bacteria don't really strive on them they are instead decomposed more slowly by fungi and fungi produce instead organic acids and the organic acids make this acid and so of course in the woods you find ass and soil a lot of times if there if that you know if you've got a regular forest. And so then of course that mulch becomes acid and there's that mulch decomposes the shallow roots of the blueberry will migrate up into the mulch. And they'll be growing in an acid media and if you try to take that mulch off you'll find roots in it. Yeah so you keep mulching you keep mulching you keep mulching in the blueberries eventually get mounted. Now once you get a mature plant. Then the leaves of the plant if it's a big plant the leaves of the plant help provide the most too and that helps to suppress that we. OK So when you go to plant them you space them five to six feet apart in rows twelve feet apart and you can kind of see why there can't you. And we actually opted to increase our row spacing the last batch we planted our experience of the blueberries was first we planted blueberries where in the place they put us a while did we got married then later on as our family grew a let us move up into the woods to our dream place and we planted fruit trees and blueberry bushes and stuff all around and. Got a house the way we wanted it. It was. It was it was a good place for blueberries and we ended up with a huge blueberry patch there by the time we left. But anyway I spaced them eleven feet apart in rows three feet apart because I was wanting to have a concentrated patch they would have cuttings right away so we could propagate without having to go somewhere for cuttings and so it certainly did accomplish that but the patch would have been better off later on if in the row every other plant had been cut out. Did that happen. OK All right. OK And of course I always hate to prune for height I think more berries more everything that they do bend over and obstruct the path OK then you want to prepare each site and that means you work up about one foot deep and a two inch dart two foot diameter circle. And. Then you. Work in half a bushel pine loss maybe a buck or a bucket of pine bark fines you know there's three kinds of pine pine bark nuggets pine bark mulch and pine bark soil conditioner you want to so conditioner like nature's helper and. Then. You form a mound of dairy and now the thing about it is is if you're planning a large planting you can just take a rototiller tractor and do with two foot swath and just add your soil your people OS and so forth every you know where are you going to put a bush every five or six feet. And one difference I failed to mention about the difference between rabbit eye and high bush is high bush blueberries get to be about six feet tall rabbit I blueberries some varieties can get up to fourteen feet so that's why you prune them for height you would not normally need to prune high bush for height. But anyway then you plant the root plants now how you plant them depends on how they come. Oh yeah how you plant them depends on how you how you buy them if you mail order them they're going to likely come bare root and the smaller plants then you simply make a shallow dig a little shallow hole put a mound in the middle and just plant the plant and when you plant them you always want to plant them the same height that they were at the nursery and then you can add mulch on top of that and when the plant is small you want to. Use some sort of fine malt you know chop leaves with kind of just cover up the whole plant so something like rotted sot a store sawdust or chopped leaves something or part partly rotted down leaves are going to be helpful. If you are putting in a large if if you're putting in a larger package. The thing that we have found the easiest to do is to take the tractor with that middle master plowing and turn the soil over and then you've got a nice neat row there already you can just tuck your plant in very quickly and it's it's a great deal easier than digging holes holes by hand but yeah another thing is. If you're going to if you have a stablished grasses you might want to pluck turn it the season before and let the grass rot down and then fill it up finer and that would make a nice area because see blueberries when they're small they do not compete well with weeds so you really need to have it properly prepared now how much water. I can tell you Rabbit I blueberries need lots of water and high bush need even more. They need a lot of water. And if you're not going to get enough rain to make them go RIGHT. Rabbit I blueberries there require at least an inch a week and you don't get an inch every week. So when you're if you plant blueberry plants you better have a way of watering and more you're headed for disaster. And irrigation it's essential to successful establishment you know you just you've got to do something and. Then of course later on when the plant gets established Well what people say is a dry summer and my berries are drying up the fruit can dry up you see so if you want good Blue good juicy fruit give them water they really they really do better and good para geisha is the best. Often when the berries when they're when they're in the bearing season we may if we have a dry spell we just may just turn the drip irrigation and leave it going twenty four seven yeah yeah we do sometimes and if you have a less expensive source of water it's very helpful. And then later in the summer after the fruit you're looking at next year's crop the year improving you know a little hands grow. So you know why During is good now the reason drip irrigation is so good is because it gives kind of a continuous water source. OK And there is the drip irrigation and if you want to. Learn about drip irrigation I brought some parts but I don't need to show them to you you can just go visit Allan siders. Table and he he has all the stuff there but yeah over the. Years I don't know have the parts here or not I don't think they do. But just visit him and he'll show you how to do it but you basically just need a few parts you just need to buy roller tubing a punch that makes a little holes. And then they snap right in the middle or snap right in the hole you need a filter so your emitters don't get stopped up and you need a pressure regulator to. Keep the pressure of being too high because there's a low pressure tubing Now sometimes in commercial plantings with the use is drip tape and he has that too and just put that down the road with the drip tape usually last about one season and you know they do that for establishment rather than doing the expense of the emitters and all that OK And then of course the mulch up to the water. If you free to Rose if. Ever you want to pretend these are rows of blueberries here what we do we have a main line going here along this edge and then we have. We tap off of the half of the larger pie and go down each row above ground this is buried here on the end and going down the row is. It's it's just we put like rebar something like that to hold it up until the plants are big enough to support it and that is just a very easy way to do it and it works beautifully. Yeah does. Try to make it you all you always want to bury the main line because you don't want to have to step over it every time you go into the paddling and knowing everything so you try to you know you try to make things convenient and lean OK now pruning is less than three years old and this is for rabbit I believe it lies to the others to what you do is this somebody have the blueberry pot. I hear OK now on this blueberry plant that you just bought OK. You will find in maybe about a month you will find that some of the buds are small and then toward the end of the branch you'll find some big swollen buds that is the fruiting wood so what you do when for the first two springs after you plant them is you go and cut just below the fruiting wood on these upright branches I don't usually worry about filling with holes low ones they don't make up their many berries and that prevents the plant from bearing very much fruit Now this of course is something that a lot of people find kind of hard to take but you'll get more berries in the long run because they grow much faster let me tell you we had some bushes about this tall in the spring of two thousand and seven and in that spring of two thousand and seven we had a very warm March. And then. Guess what happened in April we got down to twenty degrees three nights straight and I don't know if any of you remember it but all over the southeastern states the trees were just dead leaves dead this dead that on everywhere it looked kind of terrible it was just it was a it was a record Frost you know you know something very unusual. No apples that year even or very few. Apples came from Michigan you see. So it was that was that was what happened so we didn't even go in the blueberry patch that summer the next summer when we went in there the plants instead of being like this were out of reach what had happened no fruit What did they do they grew OK so. That was a year last year we lived there at Wildwood and we got a thousand pounds we set a goal of a thousand pounds and we reached it so. Oh yeah well we wanted to we took a we kind of pause for breath in the middle of the season. OK. But then after they're more than five years old then you what will happen is some of the wood instead of being nice and healthy like that gets to be Twiggy and this is an example of Twiggy growth this year this this piece up here goes up like this and goes out like that OK two. You can see two branches to stages right look at this like this up like this and over like that three when you start seeing branches like that what you want to do is to prune them and just go to the next slide. OK And there you can see somebody with pruners OK pruning off that branch like that OK and notice where he's pruning there if you notice. Anyway if you notice there. The. There is a where he has those pruners you see the Twinkie branches hands on but if you look just beyond it. There's a strong upright branch you go down to the nearest strong upright branch and prune off the twiggy branch without putting off the nice young vigorous shoots because those. Are going to be starting over again and you will end up with bigger berries and the best time to punitive courses in the spring are winter or in the fall yeah yeah after they stop bearing you can see best when the leaves are off though. OK Now in the next one there you know and then the next one shows that afterwards and you see the chute that the twiggy branch is gone. And that keeps them young and a good rule of thumb is twenty percent of the wood every year after that on an annual basis. OK Now what about blueberry pests Well fortunately. Rabbit or I are resistant to most pests. Blueberry maggots really don't attack them because they have the. Thicker skin. But the high bush do and such things need to be dealt with and then there are certain fungal diseases that can harm them. But then recently I don't know what year it was but it was not very many years ago. You know with after two thousand and nine. In California the spotted Ringrose Soffa made its debut originally from China I think but it came from Japan and came into California and in less than a year it was through out. Anyway it was a problem and the spotted linger saw for the is a fruit fly one of those little gnats and it has a sharp over positive or on the female that can actually penetrate not just blueberries but Black Berries. Cherries. It's all the soft roots strawberries. You know so now the Black Berries often have a while back where they often have worms them. So it's not so nice and they big problem with the spotted ring to soften the is that it has a generation time of how many days fifteen days so I think it's like fifteen days and yeah they you know they they are three days to the first in Star that means the first molting of the worm you know very rapidly becomes a fly and very rapidly able to do it again so they just multiply and get out of hand all summer long once they start now one thing about the high bush blueberries in the southeast that is helpful here is the fact that they bare their berries in May And you know early June they're earlier. And so they get ahead of the S deputy although the S.W.O.T. is you know it comes along pretty early It depends on the weather. And but of course they also get the rabbit I ones. And so what do we do for a solution Well it turns out. That. Hummingbirds. I have a diet that constitutes about twenty five percent insects and although there's nothing been proven scientifically about this anecdotally hanging blueberry feeders so I mean some of the bird feeders in your blueberry patch. Will can prevent these spotted wing to soften and now you have what you have to do is you don't go out there when there's fruit and hang them you hang them when the hummingbirds start nesting and if you can encourage them to nest in the area then the fact is that they will. Be prevalent there we had a problem this summer because of the most the trees bloomed like crazy on the other end of the road and. So the it's going birds are all attracted over there for cigar blueberries during part of the season but while they were there we were OK We need to do is get what we need is the most is planted by our blueberry plants and this is ideal is if you have some bush or tree that attracts the hummingbirds that's close to your plants they go to this sweet nectar for their doctor the flowers for their nectar and then they go to their to the blueberries to get their protein Yeah yeah OK Yes right. I think it's in April. April Yeah. And there you can see as saying hummingbird feeders and the very pets know how mean birds will have I think about three broods a summer they multiply and not quite as fast is the as the fly as a fly is but they really multiply it's exciting to see all of us said you have a whole bunch of hummingbirds fighting for food Peter. Yeah so you end up with them OK. Now one problem with a lot of blueberries especially the rabbit I know is the frost impact and so what you want to do is when you select a site it's good select a site with good air grain and you can see there that you have a place where the cold night air is going to settle down and fill that low area so planning them on a hillside or some frost free location is very helpful this is. No that would not be a that would not be a good spot right there you see in that slide OK. So what we can do to help control this is we can select according to bloom time select one varieties that bloom later like the climax the big weakness of the climax as it blooms quite early OK and. The then you want to also consider an overhead watering frost protection system because when you sprinkle a plant during freezing weather the water goes on there and it freezes on there and as long as it's freezing it can't get any lower than thirty two degrees because of the heat of fusion of water which is quite a bit and so the water is always warming it up. And. There are some of the scepter susceptibilities. Swelled but it's twenty one degrees but scales drop twenty five distinct flowers you know twenty eight and when they are fully open thirty two. And there you see fully opened flowers OK. And then here's a picture of our frost protection system OK You see those wobblers up there and Allan has those there too some of those wobblers are what we call medium angle senator for Prosperity action recommends the high angle but they're called the Xcel sprinklers and what we have done is you've run a larger two inch pipe flexible pipe along the bottom and then just plug in half inch pipe that goes up above each plant and you simply sprinkle them and then of course you only want to try to protect down to maybe twenty degrees it was going to get colder than that you're lost but there you see the. How the ice forms on them. And looks pretty. We experienced this last spring it's our ways a kind of a stressful time because we're hoping everything will work we use a D. AG gasoline pump out of the creek and just pray that it won't stop because it's disastrous if it does unless God works Americal like he did for the DI singers and down. But. We did experience some broken branches and the like but we. It's successful but it's it's something you want to study very carefully before you attempt to do it because if you don't do it right it's better not to do it at all because it can cause a lot of damage. OK now. In a good overhead watering during Frost is worse than nothing at all in the reason for that is because when the wind is blowing you get wind chill from that water evaporation. And the waters of aberrated instead of freezing evaporation has a heat of fusion of five hundred forty calories per gram if you heat of fusion is like seventy nine calories per gram so you see you're on the losing streak you have to you know and if the wind is blowing hard you shouldn't attempt it you know if the wind is blowing OK Well there's the harvest now who remembers the vision about picking horrible berries. OK when you harvest pick a bush and pick all the ripe berries but there is a difference between ripe ones and not first of all the size of the pruning size of the harvest depends on the. On the on the how big the bush is that I've heard of five gallons off one Bush. A big bush OK. Rabbit I. And of course there we are with blueberries. Now when you pick you pick the ones that are not just blue but bigger you see because berries will turn blue when they're a little bit smaller and then they'll keep increasing in size and so you want to wait till they're sized up and they're more shiny before they're right but they tend to get adèle a look to them when they're sweet yeah that kind of is somewhat variety dependent and it always helps me if I can pick when it And at meal time when I can taste some of the berries which is that there's nothing like eating them right off the plant but then I get just get a handle on which ones I really want to consume Yeah and that's good to have blueberry plants right outside your yard because then after you've had breakfast you can go out and have dessert. It's very wonderful OK And there you can see a few cute pictures that was there we are Wildwood and the children were smaller. And they're friends of friends and go OK OK. So we we did that. OK Well how about questions yes. I for myself it's very difficult for me to pick limit certain times a day when the sun is at a bad angle. If if you're fighting with a spotted winged you saw follow the earlier get you kick them the better vet hopefully you won't have that issue but. Yes Tears OK there. You we you use a pick I mean like a gallon roughly gallon size container I like to. Get out of a strap hang a bucket around my neck or die singers have some really nice picking buckets which are much nicer and yeah tears you know coming. Last summer when we had that really bad infestation of S W D S I said if the hummingbirds can can rescue us now it will likely be really remarkable because they really destroyed a lot of them and then when the mimosa trees stopped blooming the problem just kind of went away which varies and and those S.A.V. like two hundred each one and two or three eggs in one Berry so they just boil a lot of them. And they can end up devastate an entire crop very rapidly. Yeah yes. Whole Japanese beetles. I don't know any solution for the Japanese beetles so. Anything unique other than netting or or. Or some kind of traps or something there is a. Very expensive. Milky spore or you know it is bore you can put on the thing they live on the grass. And by the way they last lesson the last question was how deep you could stack the berries in your bucket. Size about a you know about eight inches. OK there's a mention at the back of sucking them up with a vacuum cleaner I could tell you that we have met people that had problems with Japanese beetles on Strawberry blueberries we personally the Japanese beetles are a problem but not on the blueberries and other things so you might consider planning trap crops to attract them away from the blueberries Another thing I've noticed is that where the blueberry plants weren't all that healthy it seemed like the Japanese beetles preyed on them more but you know if they're good healthy plants a good time a day to get your Japanese beetles is in the evening when that basically when the sun has gone down you can go out to your trees and knock the tree and just hundreds of them will fall to the ground and down. Very good he said he cuts oranges in half and that attracts a Japanese beetle and sucks them up with a Eureka about vacuum cleaner. Yeah she's collecting them in a bucket of water is soapy water is very important if they drop into just plain water they can get away but that soap just immobilizes them I mean from flying Yes Oh much longer than that that's it years eight years to full production thirty years thirty plus years for a blueberry plant. Something that we didn't mention that is often asked is the sectors that come up do you eliminate those suckers no waste we don't the Secor are the ones are going to be producing near your new young growth in your healthy fruit and a healthy blueberry plant should put up three to five new suckers a year and so that's something you want to encourage and not try to eliminate those we have had from some friends they grew their blueberry plants like trees you have to get on a ladder to pick them and it's a pain yet another thing I did fail to mention is the fact that beauty for height makes sense when you consider that the sweet is berries are on the top of the plant. Possibly Epsom salts I know for strawberries if you put epson salt or magnesium on him that makes them sweeter you did. Is it the kind of blueberries you have girl I don't know. It might have to do with how much water they got or whatever the question was that her their blueberry were very sour this year I'm sorry we don't have an answer for that if the absence outs don't help yes. You. You'd better you'd better see is at the table at our booth. You ask me how we take our cuttings. To propagate and that's another subject yes. OK OK you can just come and see us and we'll we'll tell you how we do it OK son you had a question did you. Now she's yes. How do we pay for it yes by hand we hand pick at it Sam It's one of my favorite activities she can do a gallon an hour a good berries Well hopefully happen gallon and harm OK half a gallon is depends on the depends a lot on the on how the sun is sunlight is hitting them yeah I'm not so fast. Yes. We and the chalet when we first need to we haven't how many start out with thank you yeah when we first got married first we had a couple two or three on the edge of the woods they leaned for the light then we put in a patch when we were at Wildwood it was seventy five to one hundred plants some of them never really developed well but that was where we got our thousand pounds probably off about seventy five plants now we have a larger patch and it is currently what is it about two hundred or two hundred fifty mature plants close to one hundred fifty I think two hundred fifty altogether we put into more rows and were planning to put in another row we love blueberries Yeah I should mention when you plant blueberries plant enough to for yourself and for the birds unless you plan panda met them. And I think you know this man and how many yes. I mean western allies how much water they need. How do you determine how much an inch of water per week is that's guesswork have been frayed but you can just check with your hand and see if they're wet it would I think probably Alan could help them Alan Alan may have better suggestions there on actual drip irrigation one thing about watering with grip irrigation is be wary of water with a lot of carbonate in it you know real calcified water that's you may have to treat it with sulphuric acid or something yes yeah we he's talking about the gallons per hour for the emitters we like to use half gallon because it means less water demand to the system OK We're out of time OK. Thank you everybody and we were happy to see you at our booth and remember to. Remember the books that at Agra has to sell their very valuable. Fungal we haven't really had a problem with fungal in fact but mummy Berry I showed you all I have yes it's a real rainy summer but one thing you want to do is if you have fungal problems take the fungus and berries the berries that are rotted and grow up and be sure to sweep them out just to keep the keep the patch clear out of fungal varies OK God bless. This media was brought to you by audio from a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about the universe or if you would like to listen to more sermons Please Visit W W W audio verse or.

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