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Leaning & Increasing Efficiency on the Farm

Matthew Dealy

Description

We will explore practical steps to simplifying farming methods and developing simple systems, enabling the farmer to work smarter, not longer.

Presenter

After working at several different farms since 2008, Matt and his wife, Deidre, are currently in the start-up phase of their own small farm in the Black Hills of South Dakota. Their primary goal is to establish a lean farm, enabling them to homeschool their four children and make time for family and ministry. 

Conference

Recorded

  • January 18, 2018
    9:30 AM

Series

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Dear Lord I pray that you would be with us as we. Learn more about your plan for our lives or to ask that we would. Strive to be more and more efficient not so that we can do more of what we want to do more of what you have called us to do. We pray that you would forgive us for. Some of our. Lacking in following your plan and temperance and some of the things that we do and Lord I just again ask that you would send your spirit to be with us today in Jesus name and. Say how many of you guys have looked at different leaning principles or read books or heard things. You write. So I'm not going to cover some of the things that they cover I'm going to cover some. Different angles that apply more to us in our in our walk. To my name is Matthew Dealey I'm from South Dakota I've been there a year and we're just in the process of getting our farm up and going. So this is a couple of my kids here out in the tomato field. This is Hosanna and Hannah. And this is another one of my little girls a desk at a farmer's market. And that's just. So there are an integral part of our of our life here this is my whole family and we're living currently with. A couple they're in their mid seventy's they started up a farm when we left South Dakota before so they called us back and we're partnering of them for a few years and they're kind of handing over the operation so it's greenhouse the you see here we just built this year. You know everything's kind of new. So while laying. For something better that's the topic here. So I got some quotes here that maybe maybe you've heard maybe you haven't. This one says We each have a work to do for God Whatever may be our occupation those who are on their farms are not to think that it would be a waste of time for them to plan to go out and visit their neighbors and hold out before them the light of the truth for this time for even if this does seem difficult to leave the farm work yet we shall not lose financially because US been in time and helping others there is a God in heaven that will bless our labors. I say there's more there's more to being lean than you know making more money or having more time having more time is good but there's still a purpose for that time there's another one but farmers themselves must get educated to give heed to the laws of life and health by regulating their labor even if there is some loss in their grain or the harvesting of crops. Farmers work too hard and too constantly and violate the laws of God in their physical nature this is the worst kind of economy for a day him a complex more yet in the end he is a loser by is ill management of himself. So it would probably stop right there. Instead of rendering to God the means he has placed in their hands many invest in more land this evil is growing with our brother and they had before all they could well care for but the love of money or desire to be counted as well off as their neighbors leads them to bury their means in the world and withhold from God his just dues. Can we be surprised if they are not prospered if God does not bless their crops and their disappointed could our brother and remember that God can bless twenty acres of land and make them productive as one hundred they would not continue to bury themselves in land but would let their means flow and the gods tracery. So another purpose of being living so that we have more to give to God not to keep increasing our own farms. Take heed said Christ lest any time your hearts be overcharged a surfeit him and drunkenness and the cares of this life Satan is pleased to have you increase your farms and invest your means and worldly enterprises for by so doing you not only handle the cars from advancing but anxiety and overwork lessen your prospects for eternal life. So. Say likes it when you are temperance when we have more than we can handle. Right. But by anxiety and overwork we lessen our prospects for eternal life. So here is another angle watch in your family don't speak a cross word don't raise the ire of your children when you should not because this will not reform them take time aside to converse with them and pray with them and read the Scriptures to them what a work this this this is what you want to do take time for it you may say my farm yes but cannot God bless your farm better if you have a united family to speak the same things to work the same order and will not the Lord let his rich Grace rest upon you in wisdom and righteousness. So Another benefit is that you have more time to take aside and spend with here with your kids with their family. The Lord have all who are in a service to be learners the tillers of the soil the mechanics the men who have learned their trades are still to be learning better method is expanding and large and their ideas those who do not think they can learn anything are not the ones who can be a blessing in enterprises in which they are engaged those who are willing to learn are wanted God is continually leading and instructing. Sorts to be ever improving ever learning new things. There will be a new presentation of men as breadwinners possess an educated trained ability to work the soil to advantage their minds will not be overtaxed and strained to the uttermost with a study of the sciences such men will break down the foolish them to men's They have prevailed in regard to manual labor and influence will go forth not in loud voice oratory but in real and colocation of ideas we shall see farmers who are not coarse and rough and slack careless in their apparel and of the appearance of their homes but they all bring taste and the farm houses. The cultivation of the soil will be regarded as elevating and a noble and pure practical religion will be manifested and in treating the earth as God's treasure house the more intelligent a man becomes the more religious influence should be radiating from him and the Lord would have us through the earth as a precious treasure lent us and trust to. This kind of reminds me of what Bob was talking about last night you know how the farms represented their character and how they did everything and this is what God is looking for here is a well ordered group of farmers. So I proposed leaving the farm is this and this is just a few things. But allowing the farms only control a priest portion of your life. So the time isn't this is what to do it's not going to control everything because farming isn't everything. Or gardening or anything you do. Looking at every step of your operation and asking how can I better bring glory to God. And then getting rid of all excess so that you can be a multi-purpose tool forgotten. You know we've heard that agriculture is the A.B.C.'s of education right it's the foundation but it's not the whole it's not the whole house right. You've got to have room for. Medical missionary work for you know there are so many different aspects and if you're on the farm just pulling carrots and tomatoes or you know you can miss out a lot of opportunities. So farming is a tool it's not the tools not the only tool we have and farming can be a tool to teach temperance or can teach and temperance. It can teach the laws of health or it can teach you to violate the laws of health. And it can help to unite the family or can break it apart. And they can teach you financial stewardship or self gratification you can be continually grasping for more and more land or. Time management and balance it can be a Christ classroom or can be the devil's laboratory. Especially with our with our kids you know if you over work over work over work. You can you can have a well ordered family or you can be disorganized So we talk a little bit about eliminating waste. Here's a few different ideas of waste. One is. You would do some purging this this winter and we got rid of a lot of stuff you know and I believe one thing you don't hear in the wind farm in books so many different things is you don't really see the family aspect of it it's just the farm and for us. You know you can't have a lean farm without a lean house you know it's all one if you're going to Farmer's Market and delivery and all these things and you come back in your house as a. Chaos that you know that's how you're going into with it it's got to be a whole whole unit so this one so we've been really workin a lot to make our house more efficient. So we're getting rid of waste getting rid of clothes we're not wearing and the kids had a lot of fun with us so the. Another form of waste is you see the strawberries here that we got like a six inch hail storm and it wasted everything so. You know the picture of just stuff. So some different types of waste overproduction. Overproduction in here doing because it causes all kinds of other waste down the line too many varieties this one's very tempting to most farmers especially this time of year when they get the pretty catalogs. Over harvesting is caused by a generally over production over processing defective products motion you know just how you farms laid out how you do things and even production you know so you have a lot of stuff one week two weeks later you're out and you come back in the market with a bunch of stuff. And you can see over production leads to. Over harvesting you know when you over harvest when your horse and things that you haven't sold they sit in the cooler. And then you have to throw them away you know so. There's lots of waste. Overproduction is obviously very very easy to do and it affects every area of your life not just on the farm but. You know in your other life as well and I think that this is one of the farmer's biggest temptations it's been. Definitely struggle in my experience as as I learned I'm definitely trying to cut back on that. So that this picture here is a beautiful cover crop right. Wow. This is the field that we want to go and then I felt really bad because there was stuff down there so we weighed it which was probably more foolish. But it's character building so we did it and this is the picture you know there's there's brass goes in there scale and. There stuff there but. Anyway that's not lame. But it happens and the goal is to not let it happen. So another another form of waste is defective products you can see here in this picture there's like. Really bad germination and really bad germination and you know if you have half a train having to carry the whole Try out there it's just slows everything down it weighs spacing your starts house it's a mental drain because you are having to plant these plants that are you know they don't have nice root balls they're just a pain. And it makes you produce access to make up for your lack you know in your start so and there's lots of defective just now starts all over the farm if you let it. So here is some value adding. Activities and non-value outing and obviously the non-value activities are what we would consider waste. So one example I have that hopefully you understand where I'm going with this is folding sheets OK in my opinion and there's probably some people that whatever but I think you're wrong probably is that folding sheets adds no value to my sleeping experience right. If I fold them and put them in the closet or even worse if I fold them and then put them on the bed doesn't add any value so. For me I thought hey this is cool folding so we just have ones that are sheets we wash it with dry it we put it on the bed and. You know I don't wake up in the middle of night thinking Man These sheets are full of they're really nice. Does not evaluate to me. And we're talking about adding value here we're talking about the customer you know paying more money so weeding you know I can go in my customer and say you know you should come out of my farm and look how we did it is you know there's no way it doesn't they're not going to say why let me pay you more. Opening closing the greenhouses doesn't add new value. Harvesting tomatoes that obviously adds value or if they were to come out and harvest it they would pay me a certain amount which I I don't do that but they obviously pay more if I harvest it so those are the things that I want to increase my time in in the value adding activities watering in the rain obviously doesn't on the value display in that market if you have a really nice display that can add more value to your product changing oil on the delivery van. Your customer doesn't care. Unless you're paying him to change oil. Listening to me right now or this is where. Anyway. You can't you can't say your customer you know I want a list of this cool guy you know. There's value but not you're not adding value to your product looking for your fork to dig or carrots people don't care washing your carrots right that adds value. You guys get the idea here right. So there's things that you have to do that add value but the goal is to eliminate the things that. Don't add value. There's things that you have to you have to weed you have to water but the goal is to eliminate as many of those steps as possible. So talk a little bit about farm. Farm design. And this is obviously very condensed You know this I've been to listen Hart been Hartman for eight hours one day and other people and it's a very broad topic that's hard to condense here but. We have. Currently we're growing I'd say on less than an acre. We have a half acre greenhouse which. Is lane and it's not you know depends on your situation. It's it's living in the sense that I can open and close one greenhouse very easily compared to multiple multiple small items but if you're starting out and you didn't know what you're doing I wouldn't recommend it because if you know. You can be a lot of money. So tools you want to keep tools where you need them not where you thought you put them there's some pretty basic stuff here. But. You know we have the same patient to have a really nice tool shed somewhere on the farm and we put all our tools there and every time we go to harvest tomatoes we have to go to the tool shed to get our tool and walk back and forth and it would be way better if you just had a tool for your tomatoes where the tomatoes are you know if you have multiple greenhouses you know keep what you need in that greenhouse you're not having to walk back and forth all the time because you can waste a lot of time and motion. Keep the tomato tools with a tomato it's not in the tool shot across the farm cetera. So you want to start small and you want to get smaller from there. Right. This is what is one of the hardest things to do but if you look at the really successful people in agriculture right now. You know you hear them not I've not heard one but a lot of them are talking about getting smaller and smaller. So you want a movement to a minimum you want to locate the packing shed in a central location you want to keep fields close together you want to keep materials recovers etc close to where you use them against their not having to walk back and forth every or. Bigger greenhouses are easier to manage than lots of small ones but again this depends on your. Application. Here's an interesting one you guys can do you can pay a friend to come over and track your movements for a day or half a day whatever you want to do and they can make a map and they can just draw a line everywhere you go right and then you can start trying to eliminate as many of the lines as possible you know if they see you walking back and forth to the till you know you're it out if you're packing shed you're going in circles everywhere you just sit on a logical you start trying to figure out what you can do to make it better and like leaving as it's a constant process you're always trying to make things better. You don't arrive I don't think you'll ever arrive. Here's another picture of just you know small space you can see there over there we keep it right where we need it. And when. I try to edit it but that's reality. A lot of when there are sometimes. Standardise ation you want to make all the bad the same size as possible so on our farm in our in our greenhouse we have everything a seventy foot beds seventy foot long to thirty inches wide. Outside their hundred foot the way it worked out but we have two sizes all are just the same size all row cover everything. You want to make irrigation irrigation easy to switch around and move if need be the goal be that you would have. The irrigation where you need it when you need it so you're not having to move it around but. The goal isn't always reality. And make us and you can grow in incremental steps so an example of this is when I put in the air a Geisha and I knew that I wanted overhead Eventually I could afford it but I put in the water so that all I had to do is hook it up to go there I couldn't afford the whole thing but I did what I could so I didn't have to redo it later. Start small. So a good principle here is build one greenhouse Once you have it maxed out and efficient and operating well then build another one and so on that the temptation is to put up lots of them and. Be half good at all of them and that's not the goal but that's often time what happens. Don't borrow a bunch of money and experiment. Put in your time learning from somebody who is really good at what you want to do and invent Hartmann's book he says ten thousand hours is kind of where you start to get good so it's not very hard for farmers it's like one here right. Now. Figure out your soil your market your limitations access to it except you're a master them then move on. And market your market is obviously he's wrong. So here's a few ideas for seeding the transplant. One thing that I've really tried to do on my farm getting started is do the best that I can with what I have the first time. So instead of having my seed bench on a table and my trays on the floor and. Mice and I mix my soul mix somewhere else and you know I've done it in my living room it all over but here we you know I said I'm going to build a bench I can't take any more time than I want to do but then all see is. I'm going to be happy because all my my seating tools are right there my trays are right there I can makes my SO I'LL right there move on down the line on the far end up there you can see I have some slats that I can see and then I can water and then I have a germination chamber logo right there so I can just write down the line into it. And everything is right there. I can afford a double or so I made one this is just a piece of plywood jolt a bunch of holes but the wire nuts there it took a grinder come off the back and screwed a piece of plywood on there and it's really faster making holes you can buy on but there are the paper watches for like two hundred fifty dollars so. Things like this drastically speed up time before I was doing of my finger and then you get different finger sizes and different Depp's you see these are different apps things don't germinate as well so. You can see that the one on the left compared to the one of the right this is the kind of germination you want right you want hundred percent germination is the goal. The other one is just frustrating. So the goal is that every seed germinates these are kind of the. You know this is again most of us just obvious common sense but we usually we're so busy trying to go through all the steps that we don't focus on getting really good at what we're doing. So we want to do what it takes to get healthy starts so it's creating the right environment you want to store seeds properly or you can have all the right steps but if your seeds are sitting out in the sun and you go to transplant to see them and they don't germinate the problem is you don't find out tell it's too late you voice that a whole bunch of soil your time. And other want to start and seeds at the proper time. Use a germination chamber helps a lot I had a problem the summer with. It was too hot so I built a germination chamber and stuck it in my garage and was able to control the temperature. This time of year I use a small greenhouse that I built inside my big room house that I can heat waves here. Which helps a lot and you want to water properly and there's a lot more steps but these are just some ideas. So here's the germination chamber that I built I went down to a rough part of the of the of the city you know where you don't want to go during the daytime and I found this fridge and I gave it to me for free. And I got the shelves for Menards and I built a generation chamber and got a temperature sensor in there I even put a cool light on there so when the. Humidifiers on I can see that it's on and on the top it's set up for I leave the light so I can put. Her head lettuce and I think that once light. Soldier made it better. I think this thing probably cost me two hundred dollars to build. Not too bad and you can find plans for this on line and there are fifteen dollars. So this is the grow box that I've built and I have. I have a saw the legs open up with a drill. So in this box I had all my tomatoes in there and six by twenty four feet long and when it was twenty degrees or it will colder I had a little heater in there there's like this big and it would keep it it would keep us sixty five degrees in there. Which is pretty amazing for South Dakota. Cold nights so that's the kind of thing that I'm trying to figure out so I don't have to heat the whole thing. It's another thing. With. If you want to give crop space to grow it's really easy to say you know just lay down the seeds you know just we're going to government they're going to grow good but it's better to take the time to make sure your crops are spaced properly you know so if you give a beat three or four inches to grow it's going to grow a lot faster than if they're half inch apart they all got to fight for space right. So you get more airflow and less disease and more isn't always better usually it's worse right. Remember you want every seed to germinate to get to maturity so if you're paying for a seed and you're taking the time to put in the ground you're taking the time to water and everything you want to germinate. Things are faster to harvest and pack when they are a consistent size. Right so if all your branch of the same size it's a lot easier to fit in the container you've got a bunch of small ones and a big one you know just gets. It it's harder so. So this is one way that we do it to keep things consistent in our greenhouse we have no tractors. We have broad forks and a little tiller and eventually we're going to tell ther but there's no tractors in there so it's easy to. Standardize our beds and we've put in a system so that. We always have stakes in so that we can set up strings quick and easy we keep our line straight. And this is totally contrary to my nature I'm the kind of Let's Get er done guy but I'm learning that this doesn't really take any more time and it's faster. Just faster actually and it looks WAY nicer and it's a pleasure to be around straight rows that. Space nicely it's easier to cultivate. Everything so. There's a broad fork is there a killing machine this year we had a little bit of problem because we had to drive on our greenhouse space with. You know fifteen thousand pound equipment a lot which wasn't good I don't recommend that but I had to get the greenhouse up so we had to do you compact our soil but. These things are amazing these are from Vashon Island Washington their lifetime broad fork if you ever break it you'll you'll probably be broke into. A meadow lark I think. So I think they're like two hundred dollars or something but. These go like fourteen inches this is the. The manly one we have another one that's for everybody but this is like. You know metal creature Yeah and I made a lark that's a bird. So here we have you can see some of our permanent beds with our stakes. You see the stakes. As user imagination but they're there and it's really nice because you don't trip on you don't fall we had we had stakes that I put in and I didn't like them because we have little kids and we have older kids that have a hard time seeing and you know older you get less you look at your feet and I don't want people falling on them so I made a little system so that you don't have to do that and that's the beauty of Wayne right so the go all the way I see it is when you look at all these books and all these ideas not to just copy them I could actually take the principles and try and make it better for what you're doing. So I will be here you can get the idea that I put in stakes underground and when I need them I just uncover the SO I'LL or you can put in a ground level and they're always there. I really didn't think that long when I do it normally. And I'm not using rebar I'm using empty and it goes in there better but. There you go. So I have I have two sticks in each corner. Like that you can put them at ground level I kind of thought it was fun to have underground. But. It's funny. I made them myself. You know and so I just took a like a sixteen inch piece of pipe or twelve know what it was but and put it in a vice and powder in the ground and I took a socket that fits right over a nice and tight so you can bang on the socket and doesn't mess up the pipe. Any way I like it so far. So with that you know I have my my pipes that stick out and I made these pieces of wood that slide right over on and you can put up your string for the outside perimeter and then I have nails on the boards for different layout so if I'm doing one row I can put the string down the center if I'm doing three rows four rows whatever you want to do and it makes it really quick if your hand transplanting to transplant straight rows and the only way I can do this is because I'm not telling right I'm not taking the tractor in there and drop it down and ripping through it if I was doing that I'd most likely hit the stakes and wouldn't work. So there's an idea those are those been planted for a little bit but you can see they are nice and straight. And I didn't have to use a road marker or anything so I mean you guys heard about the paper pot transplant or all the cool people are doing it right. And I thought I'd try it it works really good socially for us because we have a lot of younger kids and. I think they'll be more excited about this I know I am so it's extremely fast it's economical compared to labor it allows for earlier plantings in the spring because I can take my trays and put them in that box that I was growing in and have had lettuce that's this tall and transplant it right. Whereas if it was outside it would take a long time to germinate for style temperatures to warm up and I don't have a lot of experience of that with that but people like BEN HARTMAN And some of these other guys are cutting their time in half in the spring to get their first crop so. It's easier to control germination in a tray than in the field it's simple technology. And it's a whole system that's really fast you can get the seeding. Apparatus you can get everything you need to make it fast so there's a lot of video I know it's not as good as the ones online but this is real life and. I haven't mastered everything so and here I am planting a bunch of onions that have three or four onions personnel I think these are probably three inches apart or something so so my back is nice and straight. Really like that. So it's just a paper chain poles I'm down there. So hard my daughters work and. So you can see my strings there so I put my strings up and then I when I do it the first time I'm following us during my my changing stay super straight and if I'm there I can just move over. So I have my tools right Ryan need them. So that you know. The idea you get you guys catch a letter too fast. You know all right. That's the paper pot transponder. But this one cost me I would say like three thousand dollars for everything I needed for the first. Two years. I got it from small farmers so. There's there's more and more people selling now but once you get the initial machine. You're just buying the pots so you know they're kind of expensive when you look out on but if you think like each beat or whatever you plant there you know I think it comes out to two or three cents per cell. So you know I can take three or four beats and put a bunch and sell it for three dollars so and the end is not really that expensive. So there is another picture of my grow box what I'm planning on doing this year is putting radiant tubes under my starts so that I can put a temperature sensor in the starts and try and keep them at the optimal temperature instead of heat in the air. Which I think I'll get a lot better results. So one of the reasons that we you can see in the sky here we get a lot of storms in South Dakota and. So that's why we put up large greenhouses because there's no sense and growing something is going to be destroyed. So that you know there's another thing and lean is not putting all your work into something that is probably going to be destroyed you know if you have. A lower area the fields of water every year you know deal with that issue if you have we had in one storm we had six inches of hail and rain really hard before and made a river right down the center of our farm and took out our care our fall planting of carrots and three by the salad mix and beets and continue to go right through the greenhouse and took out. A bunch of stuff so I have to get that remedy this year it was a good little experience because now I know what's going to happen so I can fix it. This is a heater that. I just put in last week I don't fully done but it's a wood stove with corals on the top that I can then pump up to this tank and keep the water at one hundred sixty degrees or something and then from there I can circulate it out to my start bench. And also this fan has a fan on the bottom little blow hot air out. And then I can also take the hot water from the tank and take it where I want and put in water you know fan heat exchangers So these are the kind of gems that you need to look for right whenever you're out about you see somebody what you might consider junk in some ways are to stop and ask him and see if they want to sell it I got this whole set up analog splitter that's like a beast of a machine for a thousand bucks and. You know this tank alone is worth more than that so. So harvesting to selling. You want to put in the work before you harvest right so when you're out harvesting salad is not the time to be weeding. Especially if you're using the salad Harvester. Good idea. You want to keep your tomatoes prune so they're easy to pick you know you guys know as I'm sure most of you have been like in a jungle of tomatoes where they're like coming over your head and your hair's getting all green and sticking and you're trying to get the tomatoes and it's not fun nobody enjoys that. That's made of stone he would enjoy it. And. Use the right watering method so that everything is not covered in dirt you know we have some of our greens outside and you get a thunderstorm that comes through and it pounds everything and now you've got to like triple wash your triple wash it's taking a lot of time so. Trying to get things watered right. Keep things we did that you can use the appropriate tools like the salad Harvester. Now the thing is you know make sure a character moist before you harvest It's not fun digging rock hard carrots so the stuff most all the stuff is common sense but we get so used to just doing it and doing it because we've got to do it and we just keep go and stop and think what you're doing here's some beans that we transplanted you know three inches apart and they're pretty much all the same size really easy to harvest You look beautiful you know the leaves are wilting and everything. There are some charred. You know that think about how you harvest that some people will harvest everything on the field and take it in Washington bundle it and some people do it on the field and. You know you have to find what works for you but there's lots of theories out there. So there are some tomatoes that we had. In Israel like three weeks two weeks before they were held on and destroyed so. We had to go to church and we left the greenhouse open a little bit and we had a big hill storm but. So this kind of tomatoes are fun to harvest right. You can go down there Webster a you know you can pick one hundred pounds and no time flat and. It's enjoyable to be that environment right. Now and that's what the Lord has called us to high standards. These are rebels I think. Well these are the ones on the right or cosmonaut in the one to the left a rebel. You know the rebels. Are nice firm tomato and they hold their firm yes they'll stay on the vine so. Right he obviously has a big part to do with it here. Here's some landscape fabric that we burnt this can aid in weeding in keeping your greens clean you know the dirt can splash up on them they're quick to harvest. So lots of different methods we can also do it with a paper pot transponder which we do. You know but then you have to weed it so you kind of have to. Decide what you're doing is a little bit of both right now because we're trying to figure out what we want to do. There's some other head lettuce. You know here we have it in the I'll wait everywhere so there's no way it's you put it down once it's done. Here's some of our kids this is a few years back but. It's cute and everything but this is sometimes what we do right is we get out there in our latter and we're trying to get to the top of our overgrown tomatoes and it's not safe it's not quick. You know so we want to. Keep things that good so we keep all our Charles as a foot tall I can reach a foot. Which rolls our cucumbers our tomatoes our zucchini our summer squash or pole beans are cherry tomatoes. That's about it right now and I actually didn't know you could trail US economy or summer squash until I was that Whitmarsh house and I saw him do it and I thought he's a genius so I started doing it. And it does more good doesn't give space for squash bugs to hide under the big leaves and takes that way less space it's not prickly because it's all good. You've got to make sure your string can handle it. Staff ladders of much as possible and harvesting sort we have all our Charles wire eight foot and eventually I think we'll probably get there's a new system it's not probably new but it's new to me it's called the clipper system and it has a stainless steel rod it's three foot long and. You know you can write it down check it out but that allows you to work basically three feet lower than a foot and you can. Clip or it's like Q L R. And it's like they can go up to two dollars a plant for the wire in the hooks. But it's a really good system from what I can tell. So there are some of our tomatoes early on you can see the trellis wire at eight foot tall. Strings the everything. So another part of being living in my estimation is trying to use whatever you have available to get the job done. So here we had a moving truck so I had a friend. And it's kind of fun doing this stuff too so it helps but we took it off and we made this our packing shed this year. And it's. Seven half or eight by twenty four and there's plenty big for what we're doing and then this will probably last for a good year or two maybe. So there's kind of our arrangement we put in. Water to every sank to the washing machine or a spinner style and. We put in power for lights we got a shelf there for our totes and the big tub there is where we wash our. Simple. Quick we had it so it was quick for us we got a cooler from a friend it was still in their garage and we stuck. In it with a cool bot in there. And you know probably took me two or three days to get the whole thing up and go and so. Try and try and use what you have to find something local. Water another problem we have in South Dakota is. Gets really cold. And it gets really cold in the winter so. We either have to put our pipes a six foot deep or figure something else and I don't have money to dig six but dead ditch is now actually the people that put the broth and water in before they had to bring huge excavator out and jackhammer through solid granite and it cost them a lot of money so I put all my pipe eight inches down roughly. And put it on a slope so that in the winter I can turn one valve two valves in the whole thing old right now. In about five minutes and the same water goes to my packing shed so if I need to go out and. Wash something in the winter I can turn the water on let it fill up do what I need to do drain it and. So it's not ideal I'd rather have it all six foot down and try to turn on whatever I want but this is what I got it works good. What to grow. Again pretty basic stuff you want to grow your customers want. We have a hard time with us because we grow what we want to grow and then we try and push it onto them so you know we'll grow a cucumber that's yellow and kind of weird shaped because it tastes really good. But ninety percent of customers that come by and look at say it's wrong without thing you know it's not right birds overripe or something you know you really got to sample it and try and push it. And there's room for that but. You've got to be careful. I think you're trying to cut down your varieties. Maybe five rowdies of tomatoes instead of thirty five. Don't be a jack of all trades master of none. Before I got an agriculture I was a home builder and I enjoy doing every aspect from excavation to the roofing to plumbing everything and. You know you've all heard that phrase right. Jack of all trades master of none and we kind of put it with. The construction people and we kind of make you know it's not a good thing generally speaking right. But when it comes to farming. We don't really think of it that way we think the more the better and I don't think that's the case I think you want to get really good at what you're doing. So you want to find markets and let them pull the food from you instead of you pushing it on them. Yes if we have restaurants that want to buy a lot of sell next. You know if I like growing salad makes and grows well that's what I should do you know if they want tomatoes if they want carrots. So that's what we're doing we're trying to really grow what people want. Do them well do more of them and one thing that you can do. Which I think helps a lot as you can have your own little garden but you can grow all the varieties you want to grow you can test different crops. Or you can set aside maybe twenty percent of your farm assignment this is the most I'm going to do with new varieties or unique things because I think you think things are good but when they start encroaching everywhere on your farm that's when you get in trouble. So you can have a budget of uniqueness. You can grow crops in the shoulder season so that you can change and charge a premium. So the one thing that been Hartman does it I think is unique is that he'll grow early in the spring in line in the fall and he actually has a C.S.A. but in the summer he'll take two or three weeks off of the C.S.A. he'll stop it going the case and do different things and come back and pick it up so. You don't have to do what everybody does usually there's vanished not doing that. So put it all together. Organize you go home get rid of your junk. Get rid of time wasters like tools you don't use. Put things where you use them and make a system to make sure they get put back so some people like conduct more you know he has systems to where at the end of every day he had a systems in place to make sure that every tool is back and there's a checklist of people responsible if it's just you know. There's a fifty fifty chance you'll do that right there's a fifty chance you'll leave it on the field or put it back but. When you have employees or kids I think all times are similar. You have to have systems so that the tools get back where you put them now unfortunately I wasn't really raised doing that so I'm having to learn this now or this is something that we should be teaching our kids. It's not any different you know if you're in the house and you're looking for your. Pizza counter you know. It's nice if it's where you put it you know and it's always there. You can find it again farmer and give them all the stuff you're not using anymore. And they'll be like a kid the candy store because I'm sure you have stuff that would help them. If you haven't used it in six months my me time to migrate it out. So one thing you can do is on your farm have a room where you put stuff you're not using And you know create your own system is there for five months and you're not using it you get rid of it you can also have a room where you're keeping stuff for experimentation making tools or different things. Perjurer life right again this is not just farming it's it's a way of living. I think we should reset our priorities I think we should seek the Lord and see where you are out of balance and begin to change now and these are small incremental changes just do something. Make boundaries and stick to them often time restraints can be a big blessing maybe you can only work forty five hours during awake in the summer which might be kind of hard right but if you say you only have this amount of time to do it you're going to be more efficient than if you say I got tell sun down right and you're just out there doing it. And you live in the moment because the moments fly by. And these kinds of things won't be there. So have fun. These are some of the old states that I had I didn't like. I but she's our our product taste tester and every time we have new customers come to the farm she's always given like half eaten peppers and. Tomatoes and people people love it so. Here's a saying I heard a long time ago and it says how you do anything is how you do everything. So if your house is there any There's a good chance your car is dirty right if. If you're. Well you get the idea right. So what. You want to start doing everything how it is how you want to do everything so you want to start keeping your house cleaning your car claim you know you want to. Keep the farm clean you just want to do all to the glory of God and when I think of people in the Bible that were lame you know I think of I think Joseph was probably pretty lean you know and Daniel and the children as are all now in the desert those that tight ship right and. I think the thing that we need to do. Is seek the Lord and see what he has planned for us and see what systems we have here is an idea of systems in the house we're do homeschooling and. We had a problem with crayons and things getting on the floor and I'd step on and break them and vacuum them and all kinds of stuff so we made a board and there's a checklist there you know if you want crayons you have to check it off right and if you want to rule or you got to check it off or a pencil or pen and. This isn't like torture for the kids it's it's lip. Because when they want a crayon or scissors or tape they know right words they go in they get it and they check it off and. I'd like to think that always happens but you know if you're not diligent things will start disappearing Yes And then all you do is you go back to your system and see what do I have to do to tweak this right and maybe if they don't put it back it just disappears for a week you know or. You know you make up whatever you want to do but you just you keep noticing the little things and keep improving keep improving zero out at the end of the day. So you know idea of this is you want your washed ation clean and ready for the next day nobody likes coming back and having to wash everything and clean everything before the harvest all tools put back and ready for action. So one thing we've done in our house is we've started to try and zero out the whole house at the end of the day so. It's all hands on deck it takes us about half an hour and we vacuum all the dishes are clean counters are clean everything's put back and it's really nice waking up ready to go. You know when you get back from market make sure things cleaned out so that next time when you're loaded up you're not looking for the scale or making sure the batteries you know just be diligent. Make systems. Make a system and when an improvement comes along tweak it and keep going. This is. What you do don't be afraid of failure. Just do something then stand back take a look at it and improve it keep doing this and it will only get better and better and it won't get worse. Be a team farming is a lifestyle help with all aspects. So don't be the guy that expects your wife and kids to come out on the farm and help all day. And then expect her to go back and cook all the males and do all the dishes and do all the housework like be a team work together. Teach your kids by example. Don't be a fraud Don't be afraid to step away from the farm for a day if need be. Don't be afraid of trying things so this is as a whole I made because I got tired of bending over and it's just a piece in T.V.. You can see oh. I'm kind of going to one spot just you can see the idea here but. There's like a ten foot handle I think. There's just keeps going and going. And I have to bend over. Supervisors to. Get the idea it. Just have fun with it and try new things. So it's me and my wife working on put the plastic up. Work hard and don't forget to have fun I think this is a big area that we have a hard time with you know it's not all work you need to play and there here we are at the beach we have this really nice beach it's about an hour from us and we go down there a lot because there's nobody there it's really nice. So let's purpose to be ever improving. Allowing us to allowing Christ to teach us new methods and I think you know Bob was talking about this a bit last night is. Don't just look at what the world is doing and copy them I think this is a. Thing that I need to really improve on is looking at every step and asking the Lord what it is that we can what I can do to improve it not just taken what the world has done and do it now that they don't have some good methods in there but. Creating the appropriate size farm's to have a balanced life. Setting limits and boundaries for our work as to not give the devil a foothold. Slowing down enough to hear God walking and talking with us in the garden. At the garden doesn't serve his purpose if we're just screaming around on a tractor. Day in day out. Using the garden as an appropriate tool to further the work that God has given us to do. And here's a few books. Use the Bible and why it counts as on agriculture or some other books on the back there so that we have mostly the books back at the birth at Agra. There's a lame farm by Been Hartman he's got a new one I'm growing vegetables there's a market gardener by John Martine. There's a course or now that never sink is doing. It's kind of expensive I think it's like two thousand dollars now. But it's worth I'm taking it I didn't pay that much but. It's worth every penny that I've. Seen so far. So. You know I get on the journey start the process and. I think this is an attempt learning. So we got a few minutes if there's any questions before the next session. So the question is how does the on the paper about transpire How do you get the seeds in there and when you buy it it comes in a little tiny. Paper chain and the it opened up like a honeycomb. And then it has two hundred sixty two cells or something so it ends up being like a regular kind of ten twenty tray which sells and you really you grow it right in the paper. Or your favorite. I think the paper bought transpires one right now. So the question was How do you get students high school students to be efficient and then how do you detox your mind for the Sabbath and I think with the students I think that I would encourage is to put give them responsibility and give them you know put it in their cart to make things more and more efficient so whatever they do when they get done for. They ask them how they can do it better you know and then have them do it tomorrow and then just keep asking that and I think for the Sabbath I think the best thing you can do is prepare early you know put time into thinking what am I going to do so that the Sabbath I don't have to do it I don't have to be out there working and. Use your brain yes. So I want. What one more question. But it's all so the question was my my planting my packed house would only last for a year enough because I mean I'll grow it I have too much stuff come in and know I'm not going to wear it out but. It won't. You know so that you know the next Also reminder the next session which this one is currently over is on Lane farm in just around table so we can all discuss ideas and ask questions so. I don't have a website but all this information will be on the at our website so you can look at it thank you. This media was brought to you by audio first a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse or if you would like to listen to more service lead to visit W W W. Dot org.

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