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Pardon Me, Your Weeds are Showing

John Dysinger


12 Tips to Avoiding Embarrassment: Weed control is one of the greatest challenges for both home and market gardeners. Come learn simple, yet effective strategies to keep your weeds from showing.


John Dysinger

Bountiful Blessings Farm



  • January 19, 2018
    10:45 AM


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Dear Heavenly Father we thank you for this opportunity to meet together and we thank you for weeds we know that you allowed them for our character development and we pray that. We would learn the lessons from the weeds that you would have us to learn so that not only our gardens but our hearts would be cleansed of all weeds. Thank you for hearing and answering this prayer in Jesus name Amen. OK How many of you enjoy weaving. Yeah well I do too in fact I love it. It's one of my favorite things to do honestly. And I don't care whether their little little is easier of course because you can stand we'll talk about that but big weeds so satisfying to pull out we'd soon have. And the thing that I love is its mindless work. So you know what that means your mind can be other places. Talking about walking with God in the garden weeding is one of the best places to walk with God in the garden because you can just meditate pray whatever you want to do so we're going to talk about twelve tips to him and avoid the embarrassment of having your weed showing today. And I want to start with this quote. To kind of give us perspective he who tells the soil is to make his work and object lesson of the careful thorough work which must be done in the culture of the soil of the heart. Review and Herald June twenty seventh one thousand nine hundred seven Do we understand what that saying. He who tills the soil is to make his work an object lesson of the careful thorough work which must be done in the culture of the soil of the heart. So. How many weeds do we want in our heart. Zero. How many weeds do we want in our garden if our garden is an object lesson of what we want God to do in our hearts. We need to learn how to control weeds are right. So let's jump right in so I will try to go through this fast enough of that there's time for questions at the end I'm sure you have questions number one and I've tried to do these kind of in order of ease starting with the simplest things and you might not think this is the simplest but and then getting to the more high tech complicated things towards the end transplant as much as you possibly can this is actually one of the biggest keys to market gardening success transplant as much as you can why well actually there's many reasons which go beyond just weeds this morning so I won't go into it too much but think about this it immediately gives you a three or four week or more head start on the weeds. If you plant. Jointed think of a simple example plant a beet seeds in the ground beets don't germinate super fast you know depending on the temperature and so on it'll be. You know six or seven days probably before they come up in you know there are these tiny little things and as we all know we've germinate faster than the good plants right how many of you had this experience you tell up this beautiful soil and you go out there and you make all your nice rose so your seeds water good and you come back the next week like where did they go. It's just a green everything is green right. So. Transplanting you know exactly where your plants are you can weave from day one does that make sense it makes so much sense you never have issues with spotty germination you know where Rose you've got just a few plants here or there you've got consistent rows of sturdy hardy plants it's huge and like I say there's many other reasons for doing transplants in fact we need to have a seminar on growing transplants because that's. Put that down on your survey tomorrow night and we'll make sure it happens because that is a bit of an art. OK use tight plant spacings to shade out we it's. Best we need is another plant right because once the soil is covered. Weeds just don't grow as well they won't germinate as well because there's not so much light but even if they do germinate they kind of just. Do their little thing but they never really I mean there's exceptions to that but for the most part tight splat plant spacings will shade out a lot of your weeds and the key here is plant you want your plant leaves to be touching at three quarters of mature size so let me just say this is why most market gardeners and even home gardeners we would encourage you to plant in beds thirty inch wide beds. Rather than just single rows because if you have single row. Rose you're you're going to have a lot more bare soil expose you're going to have a lot more weed challenges when you plant in beds like this is lettuce Actually this is. Is baby lettuce I think so this really doesn't quite illustrate perfectly but if you're doing head lettuce you plant three rows in a bed depending on the variety bout ten inches apart both ways and when they're three quarters size they cover the whole bed and you don't have to cultivate any more. OK Does that make sense. OK third thing now this is a big one if you go away with nothing else I want you to to go away with this one use a stale seed bed what is a stale seed bed. Well what you do as you prepare your beds for planting two or more weeks ahead of time and this is just about planning you know all so so you go out there instead of just going out and telling up your soil and I say telling generically I'm not really in favor of killing but working up your soil. And then we plant immediately well as we just talked about the weeds germinate faster than the plants and you're in trouble from the get go a stale sea bed you prepare the bed you put all your men mints on everything you're going to do rake it out smooth and then leave it. For a couple weeks. Watter it's. What are you going to do you're going to you're going to get all those weeds to Germany and then there's a number of different ways you can deal with that but probably the simplest thing is you take a hoe and we'll be talking more about those in just a minute. Just lightly you know as soon as you see those weeds coming up the best time to weed Well there's a saying cultivate don't we cultivate is just stirring the soil weeding is pulling out you know weeds you don't want to ever have to we fact I'd tell people the minute you get on your hands and knees if you're a market gardener you've just lost your profit for that crop. So the key is to stay off your hands and knees when it comes to dealing with weeds so when they're super small you can just if the soil is dry if it's a sunny day just disturbing lightly scratching the soil those weeds are done. So ideally if you're really on top of your game you would do that you know two or more weeks ahead of time let the first flush of weeds come up you knock those back and the reason why you're wanting to do it very shallow is because you're not wanting to bring more weed seeds. And then watered again do it a second time you're going to get rid of the vast majority I am and I don't have any scientific measure of this but I say at least eighty percent of your weed pressure will be gone so that's a huge one very so. Again. Well sure but I mean at least a week you so you would you would prepare your beds water them wait a week scratch the soil disturb the soil kill those weeds wait another week do it again and then you know depending on how on top of your game you are now I will throw in something that complicates this a little bit. And this is something you just have to learn through experience but there are cool weather we and there are warm weather weeds and so depending on the time you're planting your garden. You may be getting rid of a lot of your cool weather weeds and then your stuff is coming up right as it's warming up enough that the grasses the warm weather weeds are largely grasses which are real pain. So yeah I don't know you just have to know your area you know for us they really start taking off in May The grasses really start germinating and everything if you're earlier if you're starting an early spring garden you're going to be dealing with your purse lain in your hands bit in. Some of those kind of weeds. So that does complicate it a little bit but the point is the more you knocked those back the less Swedes there are in your soil. OK use specialized cultivating hose and you know. I'm kicking myself that I didn't bring some of these because I wasn't doing. Like the market gardening seminar wasn't even thinking about it but. Let me just say you know most people if you just have a standard garden hoe and you're using that for weeding it's very very inefficient number one you're bent over number two you're chomping at the weeds and most of your energy is going into a hole that's not even touching the ground. You know the tools I'm talking about are very efficient this is only a Coleman actually showing us one of his newest. Inventions why are we to are colinear Ho do you know what a co-linear hoe is. OK I'll just point you to the resource table out here the free resources Johnny's catalog We've got ten boxes of them you know we want you to take Johnny's catalogues for all your friends as well because we've got hundreds of them. They sell all these colinear whole is something developed by Elliot COLEMAN There's actually one you can't really see one here on his wall. But it's just a flat blade a thin blade but the key is the angle that it is you literally you hold it like this so you're upright the blade is is. Horizontal. No it's just a flat it's about well you can get in different sizes but I think it's seven or nine inches wide and you just it's like sweeping the garden you're standing straight up so you're not all bent over and you're just you know doing little stirring motions and. Just slices through that top level. Really nice and easy it's it's it's a very specialized tool in that if you start hacking at weeds you're going to break it. We've had a few broken by overzealous apprentices I've never broken one in twenty years market gardening because if you use it properly you won't break it. So that's a wonderful tool now I will say that one is best for beds that are well prepared if the soil is really hard it doesn't work well so the idea another important point with your beds and that's not really the topic of our our thing here but you want to keep the soil in the bed loose you're not walking on the bed you're walking in your pathways so as long as that soil is loose this is you know just as simple as just going along like this there's a great video short video on Johnny's website of Elliot Coleman demonstrating the colinear hole that's worse looking if you want to see how to really use one. So that's the colinear hoe. The next one is the stirrup hoe and I think you can see that. So well but here's a stir up the hole right here I think. You all have seen those they calm hula hose many places it looks like a stirrup that's why they call it it's turbo and. They work really well on harder ground so ideally you'd have a co-linear hoe for your beds and a stir hoe for your pathways course you can use a stirrup hoe on a. On a bed. The disadvantage of a stirrup hoe is it has sides on it your blade is is like this so you can't get really close to plants you know without knocking the leaves on whereas the colinear hole just you know it's got this flat blade with with the thing coming up in the center so it can go under the leaves. But with the stirrup hoe you do have to bend over a little so it's a little more work you're putting pressure on it and the point is you're cutting on the pole and the push. So your blade is all the time in contact with the soil it's much more efficient and you just go back and forth the one that Johnny sells both the colinear hoe in the stirrup hoe are from Swiss manufacturing company placer and they're more Gloster I guess you say. They're more expensive than what you would find you can buy stir up a hose or who love hose at the local hardware store and if that's what you can afford then you do that but these you know you can rip you can buy blade replacements and so on so I think it's. I think feel it's worth the extra money to get a really quality stir hoe in these tools will last forever almost. We'll hose. There's a picture of a wheel hoe right here and i also the next picture will show we'll hold better but you can buy we'll hose with a twelve inch stirrup on it so you can just walk down your pathway if if you're weaves a really small. You can literally just you know as fast as you can walk just go down and it's much faster then a hand stirrup whoa so if you have a garden of. Any size. You know these There's a number of of brands of these I guess I just tell you there's three main ones that I know of the glass or one from Johnny's is the Swiss made it's kind of considered the Cadillac I've been able to use all of them a little bit it's my favorite but it's the most expensive you know it will cost you. I think in the neighborhood of four hundred dollars. Which is crazy but you know it's with. Its air freighted over here it's. Three fifty with the blade or without a blade. OK good yeah three fifty eight she says but if that was with the blade it was with a narrower blade now another nice thing about them is they have interchangeable. Hose so you can get a narrow one and go between plants in the bed the handles offset so you can walk in your aisle and do the beds. A lot of nifty things that they have a furrow or you can use if you're making a furrow for planting potatoes or onions or something so there are a multigrain. There are kind of I guess you could say in a way poor man's tractors something there you know there are a step above hand tools but. Not a tractor. But I love it you know it's great exercise if you're waves are a little bigger you end up doing this kind of motion as you're going because. Number one when you pull back it unclogged the blade if you've got weeds building up on it but secondly as you as you walk forward you've got the momentum of your body plus the momentum of your of your hands going forward and it really puts a lot of power into the blade and you can you know you can cut off big weeds. A new thing that I don't have. Is disks for the wheel hoe Johm or time Forty-Eight who you've probably heard about from somebody the market gardener he just was I just saw something that he put out on discs that anybody who's you. Tractors with with farming knows that with some crops like corn and stuff YOU YOU LIKE TO HELL it up a little bit and not only does that strengthen the corn from falling over in a storm or something but it also Smothers any in Roe we see if they're small so they now have disks for wheel hoe that you can do the same thing he uses on his beats just goes down. To do this and I don't want to get bogged down in all these details but you have to have one with two wheels so it's traveling your bed and pulling the dirt in OK so I'm just exposing you to these things you'll have to do a little more research or asking questions this is a wire we need or that he was showing. That's not available from Johnny's yet but there is a company oh I forgot to tell you the other two brands of wheel hoes hoss hoss is the cheapest one H O S S It's made in the US out of Georgia. And then the third one is Valley we'll hoe made in California. There it's kind of in the middle so the hoss is the cheapest the glass or is the most expensive. They. Valley OPEC Valley we'll hoe. You know they they all have their plusses and minuses OK yeah and Tara tech is Terra Tech is a French company that Johnny sells as well I feel like gets a little bit different category in that it doesn't use the stirrups but it it has some other specialized attachments I've never I've never actually used to have you. OK He's saying that. He found it finds a glace or glass or more ergonomic I will agree with that I think that the hoss is not as adjustable The handles aren't as adjustable and. But it's half the price so you know that does count for something. Why are we dears The nice thing about The Wire Wieder again this is for your loose beds this is not for trying to hack out we this is really just disturbing the soil but the nice thing is because there's no sharp edge on it you're not going to cut your plant you know if you get over zealous with the colinear hoe you can cap or take your broccoli. When it's small whereas the wire Wieder And if you use drip tape this is not going to cut your drip tape like a co-linear hoe would. And then there's another thing that I haven't really used much yet but flex time Wieters Johnny sells one brand but this the company that sells the wire Wieters right now also sells the flex time weed years it's called To Bad Cats to Bad Cats out of Maine I think they've got a few unique tools it's a father and son. Business but basically flex time weed is their use quite a bit by big vegetable growers they have all these flexible tines and you actually run right over your crops it's amazing how it works and you know you don't want to use it on everything in it's for using when they're small but like a carrot you know a carrot puts down. In the Taproot right away and so you can run this flex time thing over it and it's not going to hold the carrot up it's not going to disturb the carrot but all your other little germinating weeds it'll just pull them out. So it's kind of a neat thing that I would like to use more I really have very limited exposure to it. I don't I'm sorry. But you can go on the website what time do we end here eleven forty five right OK. Yeah I apologize I should have had actual Well our car was pretty packed I don't know. OK here's a picture of a wheel hoe this is the gloss or we'll hoe. And this actually is making furrows for planting potatoes but now I will say what you don't want is one of those you've seen the big wields wheel hose. Ergonomically they're very poor. And Elliot Coleman makes a but much better explanation than I can in the time I have in his book The new organic grower basically you see the energy here is going straight into your tool your force is going right here whereas with the big wheel hoe where the handles are up here year it's just not from a physics point of view it doesn't make as much sense and I have used one of them and I would never recommend one that is the glace. G.L.A. S E R. OK So this this is huge scheduled time for cultivating. And you know I could start out this lecture by saying. We control is simple. There's nothing to it it's just a little attentions often repeated. If you never let the weeds get big. It's not even hard it's fun. So it really is about doing it faithfully and the problem is you know especially if you're not haven't spent a lot of time in the garden you're thinking oh well they're only this big you know I can't wait till next week now you can next week if it's summertime they're going to be this big and you know there's another quote I love. By Peter Henderson who was a New Jersey market gardener. In the eighteen hundreds he says you know one man can do in a day the same amount of work as a man if you get them when they're small you know it's just so much more work so much more work so this you know just OK Every Sunday we're going to weed the garden cultivate the garden. You know and then it rains and it's like oh well. We'll have to wait till next week no you better not you better just reschedule for Monday or Tuesday. Tell you the worst thing for Weeds is a rainy stretch that that can do you in OK use shallow Taylor No till this is a picture of a tell ther which is another tool that Elliot Coleman developed and is sold by Johnny's it's it's like a miniature rototiller But the difference is it's only it's only telling us the very surface of the soil so what it's doing is preparing a nice seed bed if you're going to direct seed stuff but what it's not doing is you know rototiller is bringing out the last twenty years worth of weed to the surface to germinate. And there's other reasons why. I don't really like using a tiller. But by using shallow Tiller no till. And no till is not what. Conventional farmers talk about no till in conventional farming no till is using round. In organic farming no tail is just not disturbing the soil deeply. Now I know I heard a little bit of another lecture yesterday that might. Contradict that. And. All I can say is study for yourself study to show yourself approved. You know I don't know everything so it may be in a year or two I'll be contradicting myself. But you know Nature doesn't kill but nature is also broken so we can't just we can't just look to nature as. The answer. We need to look to God is the answer so you want to keep weed seeds from being withdrawn from the weed see bank this is one bank you don't want to. Withdraw from. You know there's like I say there's there's weeds that can be in the soil for years and years and years just sitting there waiting When will somebody come in till me. OK use plastic or fabric mulch Now again this is a little bit of controversy all. And what can I say. In an ideal world I would not use plastic or fabric mulch what I can tell you is that we about lost their shirts. When we started out farming because we started out as a Gannett strawberry farm and we were trying to grow strawberries with straw and. And without using any herbicides or anything and. We just couldn't make money at it and it was so much work and it was only when we started using it well we first started using fabric molds and then plastic that we were able to actually begin to make money at it. So I guess. I would say it's a little bit of a compromise we know that that plastic is nonrenewable you know non-sustainable. But I guess from a commercial point of view. And again I hope I'm not rationalizing justifying But you know if if people go to the store and buy strawberries I can guarantee you they were grown on plastic and not only were they grown on plastic but they were grown with did you know strawberries are the number one most toxic fruit and vegetable don't ever buy strawberries from the store. Unless there are Gannett. So you know I feel like we have a we can offer people a better choice even though it's maybe not the ideal fabric mulched you know what that is they call it landscape fabric it's not what you buy at at the hardware store which is kind of a felt kind of thing this is a woven fabric. I wish I had a good picture of it it will have stripes every twelve inches down it it's years they use it outdoors like if they're growing mom's or something you know they put down this black fabric it's used in nurseries it will last for many many years that's the that's the upside to it you know you can reuse it pull it up and reuse it again you can buy it anywhere from like three feet wide to ten feet wide or more. So you just burn holes in it or cut slits in it and plant your plants in there now what I'll tell you is this with these is to follow the sixty day rule if you have a crop that's going to be in the garden for more than sixty days I think it's worth your time to put down some mulch. Because otherwise you're going to spend a lot of time weeding cultivating something so so that's good if it's going to be in a now quicker you know like lettuce we well my son's trying to convince me that we should use mulch fabric mulch for lettuce but at this point we don't because it's in a now you know the first half of the lettuce is life is in the greenhouse it's only in the garden for a month. And it's out. So. Does that make sense. DEWITT is a brand name for for the fabric mulch and again I don't want to I don't want to promote my son's business too much because that sounds self-serving but farmers friend does all this fabric mulch you can buy other places as well but it's you're not going to buy it like I said at a at a hardware store you're going to have to go to a nursery supply house now we should be getting I hadn't even looked to see if it came some catalogs from Deerfield supplies it's a Mennonite company out of of Kentucky so you're not going to find them on the internet but they were supposed to be sending some catalogs they are go to source for most of our supplies because they're very you know Mennonites Amish they they're fair you know they they don't get you so it's going to be cheaper there than most anywhere else Deerfield supplies again you well you probably could get their address by googling but you're not going to find a website but look on the resource table because they were supposed to be sending some catalogs. OK moving on use organic mulch you know you're I'm sure you're thinking well why use plastic mulch if you can use organic mulch Well that's a good question but there are some reasons. There are some potential drawbacks of organic mulch depending on your climate and location so by organic mulches we're talking about straw we're talking about leaves we're talking about grass clippings what else. Would shit wow that's a whole nother topic. As a mulch only if if it stays on top of the soil I would say wood chips are are good. If but it's hard to leave them on top of the soil and so when when you start getting him worked in they can really. Rob the soil of nitrogen plus. Other challenges we tell you where we use woodchips is on all our perennials are blueberries love it it's wonderful and blueberries and we were even experimenting with it in our asparagus mulching our asparagus with wood chips. We don't use them in our garden but so obviously the advantage of organic mulch is that you are building your organic matter it's going to break down in. And help your soil that's a good thing. The disadvantage is let's see well what other advantages are there. Keeps the soil cooler it like a straw mulch will keep the soil cooler if you know it will hold the moisture in. So those are all good things about organic mulch bad things are or the negatives are price and number one you know. You're going to pay a lot more for straw and to cover a garden than you are to put down fabric mulch which is going to last for ten years. Strong looks better in my opinion you know it's more natural but it can be very expensive and then other things oh spoiled hay people put down you know you can get bales from farmers that have been ruined you know by rain or whatever and use that course that has a whole nother set of issues with weed seeds and stuff. But some other issues are if you live in a more wet climate Humid wet climate you can get a lot of disease issues you know like if you have your mulch up against your plants you'll get problems with the stands molding rotting that kind of thing it can encourage slugs and other bugs that you don't really want they love to hide in that mulch so I would just say you know in a drier climate I think I'd be more inclined to use. Organic mulch as if I had a good source. But you know again finding them bringing hauling him spreading him out it's work now you know gardening is work so I'm not trying to discourage work but I think you can imagine if you're growing on an acre or more trying to cover it with anything you're talking about dump trucks and dump trucks of material it's just not practical. OK Number Nine use Sila just hearts. I wish the lighting was a little better in here can you see that. Oh well we should have done that earlier so this is this is our farm and we have we have divided into these forty by one hundred acre plots an asylum TARP is just a heavy duty U.V. treated plastic that on one side is black and on the other side is white and I can't tell you why it's white on one side and black on the other. Except that it does have some some unique uses. But what we do is. We will. The best time to use this in my opinion is after your spring crops and the classic example is beets so we plant our beets you know we use three rows per bed and we can cultivate for the first few weeks but be leaves tend to kind of lay on the ground and so very quickly it becomes very hard to cultivate with colinear hoe or something and they also tend to be maturing right as the grass saying you know right as that starts taking over so by the time we've finished harvesting our beats we tend to have weeds there I'm embarrassed to say but we are and have weeds in the plot. So in the past you know once we pull out the beats we'd be out there we'll hoeing all that and if you were in math class on leaning the farm you talked about how we ting is the Japanese term is moot it's waste I mean you're not you're not making any money by weeding. Of course we know what happens if you don't weed so that's not an option either but the point is it's a waste that you want to eliminate as much as possible so rather than wheel hoeing empty pads we just make sure the soil is wet nice and moist cover it with a silent tart weighed it down around the edges with sandbags and let it sit for a month and I'll tell you it's it's amazing what you see when you pull that TARP back. You've got this loose more east soil begging to be planted. It's amazing if you have good earthworm activity. The earthworms love it under there now again I realize you know with plastic there are some. Who would say you know that you're poisoning the ground with toxic chemicals from the plastic I've tried to do some research on. And I have found very little out there on that So at this point we're going by by what the earth worms say and they seem to love it I first saw this demonstrated that J.M.S. farm in Canada and when he pulled that TARP back and there were these huge earthworms all over the surface of the soil they thought this was heaven because it was more ice it was dark in there was all this organic matter for them to eat they just loved it so they come up pull that all down loosen it up and literally when you pull that tart back. You're ready to plant. Not only does it to kill the weeds because you know it gets warm under there with that black. Beating down but it also germinates weed seeds because most most seeds like cool warm. Dark temperatures are environment for germinating so they germinate and they're like OK where's the light. And it never comes and so they die yes well we're going to save questions sorry but we've got to get through this heavy duty U.V. resistant black or white plastic black on white sorry. Boy I'd love to there are a lot of other uses we have for the silent start it needs to be down for three or four weeks so that could be a disadvantage if you're really trying to get fast turnover and I will say it's the closest thing I've found to know work bed preparation now I know every you know everything has its downside as well as its ups but. It's revolutionize our farm in that we don't have to spend all summer. You know cultivating empty pads because actually we grow more in the fall in spring and well not yeah fall and spring are our big seasons we don't grow as much in the summer and in the winter it doesn't take up its as much space either. OK Well let's get through it and then we'll come back. Try flame weeding now obviously well you can get home single torch flame Wieters pretty inexpensively you know just with a little propane canister So what flame weeding does is. Actually you're not trying to burn the weeds into oblivion you're just trying to. You have to do is heat I'm up for a seconds. And it bursts the cells you know the moisture in the cells of the plant expand with the heat and it just bursts the cell and within a few hours. Everything's going to be dead. So it's actually a something that that farmers and market gardeners have use for many years actually back before World War two It was very popular and then the chemicals came out more and it had kind of gone into. Disuse but now it's getting. More popular again and again it's only really effective if the weeds are small. And it can be combined really well with the stale seed beds so rather than cultivating your bed shallowly like we talked about earlier you just run to a flame Wieder over it and you don't even have to disturb the soil at all. So you know this commercial flame Wheater like this is going to cost you more money than any home gardeners going to want to spend. But like you say you can buy little home. Units they often use them for like killing weeds in cracks in the sidewalk and stuff or melting ice multipurpose. But you can use them for for killing weeds number eleven use clear plastic for solarization. This is one that I'll just tell you I've actually never done I've seen it. Demonstrated and I guess the bottom line is I've never had enough time and energy to do it but. What you do rather than using the the black plastic you use clear plastic again you need to make sure the soil is moist temperatures must be hot so you want to do it in the summer time and then the edges must be sealed so you need to kind of dig a little trench all the way around lay this out put it in the trench and put dirt around it so you're sealing it totally And basically what you're doing is cooking that soil down to a depth of three or four inches. And you're killing everything in that top three or four inches and you know the first thing people say well what about all the good microbes and stuff you know what I've heard is that number one you know they're going to kind of move away from the heat. But the bigger thing I think is that they multiply very quickly and so once you kill the weed seeds because that will actually kill the seeds in the soil those first few inches. That they tend to repopulate very quickly so I can't you know I'm just going by what I have. Heard from others on that I have never used it but it is an option. And I have seen results of a farm that use it not only does this kill weeds but it kills pathogens if you're having issues with soil borne pathogens you can do this and it's supposed to do quite a good job on that number twelve never let weeds go to seed that's not really a technique but that's a philosophy. One year's seeding is seven years weeding. If you just keep that saying in mind it'll send you to the garden. With the fear of of the results of the seven years weeding but it's really true. You know if you read I think I think I've read that pig we do you all know it is it's a horrible we but that one puts out like forty thousand seeds her plant on average something like that so you can imagine one plant multiplying by forty thousand it doesn't take long if you don't keep weeds under control so ultimately what this means is that if you have to get out there with a mower or a weed eater do it. Better to cut down the last of your broccoli then to let the weeds go to see. You know cut it down water it put a tarp on it and when fall comes man you'll be ready to plant some more. OK And I have a bonus. Farmers doesn't. You know. You always want to give people more than they expect so when you go to the farmers markets you give thirteen instead of twelve in your dozen So you smother crops to outcompete we. This is a picture of buckwheat a great summer smother crop Buckwheat grows so fast that it will grow it will outcompete the weeds and you know the weeds can't can't thrive. There's other options summer I recommend Buckwheat soybeans cowpies work really good for us very vigorous sorghum Sadan grass Now the reason I put these last is because home gardeners have a challenge with covered crops What do you do with them at the end of their life cycle. You know there hasn't been a lot of good ways to work them into the soil on a home garden basis winter wheat rye Vetch Crimson and Clover. I would recommend seed thicker then then the recommended rates you know if you go to the co-op for something and asked them what's the rate for sowing Buckwheat they'll give you a number and you know just double it or something because you want it really thick but it is a good way you know if you're going on vacation in the summer you're going to be gone for an extended vacation a month or something just so your garden to buckwheat or something it'll mature in a month rather than just let the weeds grow for a month. You never want to leave your soil just bare that's just bad bad stewardship as well as bad for. For. Weeds and everything else so I would just say view these tips as tools in your tool chest all may not be relevant for your situation but the more strategies you use the better the chances of keeping your weeds from showing. Keep in mind that it is very short sighted to allow other farming activities to take priority over cultivating you know when you've got to be harvesting and you've got to be doing this go in the market it's easy to say well I'll do that tomorrow but. All financially profitable farms that I know of have their weeds under control. That's just part of the equation and ultimately a weed free garden will be a much more enjoyable place to be nobody likes to be out in a weed patch so you'll avoid it it may be subconscious but it's like I don't want to go out there it's discouraging right but if you can stay on top of it it's like oh let me go to the garden regain my composure you know that's what mothers need to do when you're home schooling OK I'm having recess you all study I'm going to the garden right. OK That's all I have to say I mean that's not all I have to say but that's all I have time for. Questions do I know you raise your hand a long time ago. OK So she's saying that when they lived in Maine they would just put the garden to bed under plastic in the fall you know again I don't feel like I'm I'm really qualified to speak to that I mean I know it works well as far as results but how good it is for the soil to keep it covered long term I'm not sure that I could say you know I would much more encourage somebody to put it to bed in the fall with a covered crop so some rye on it or something that way it's staying I don't know it just seems better to me but rather than the plastic the plastic you know ideally in my opinion. Three or four weeks is good with the plastic but you don't want to leave it on all season although I will say if you're dealing with something like Bermuda grass or some really really noxious grass noxious weed you may want to do that put it down for a whole season because that's that's the only while not the only way but that's a good way to try to get rid of some of those bad grasses OK question here and then back here. I'm happy to go longer but if you need to leave that time is. So just leave if you Neal. Which list. Oh I'll just go through them again. I didn't have a master list I'm sorry but you're welcome to come up here in look through it if you'd like OK. Wayne Newton is going to help us upload them so bug him and now I don't think he's going to need bugging but he just actually offered to help make that a reality so. Yes. Here. Here. With the white side that. Way yes. Well. Yeah so. Soledad. You know very. Green. So yeah he was saying that so I would start ups are being used for for hastening care germination we actually went to raid Tyler's farm. After he had done that for the first time and it was impressive he had some really good care at germination so I haven't done it again the key there is you're going to have to really be vigilant because if if those Germany in you don't get that tarp off soon enough you're going to kill them. So but that's another you know there's there's a number of other uses of silence I think back here so. Well I think what I would recommend this question is about dealing with new past you that they're trying to put into garden this year. You know I would just recommend starting small and doing enough that you can just stay on top of it yeah you're probably going to have to till you know I don't know if what you can find to to initially work the soil but you have to do whatever you have to do but then once you've done that you know these methods of cultivate it's just a matter of. Vigilance diligence little attentions often repeated you know those grasses if it's like orchard grass or something they're going to be kind of in clumps you know you're going to be going through and pulling out those clumps but if you do. Well Bermuda you know any any we can be conquered but some are going to take a lot more diligence Bermuda grass obviously is a real challenge but it just means you got to be out there every two or three days you know. In and out. This is this is part of the character building right I mean this is why we're this is why we're here OK there was a question up heres somewhere I don't know I have been having a hard time OK here. There's my hand. Yeah that's a good point. You know what So the point was that a lot of weeds have nutritional value my definition of a we just the plant in the wrong place. So obviously that means that good crops can be a weed if they're growing where you don't want them but yeah it's true that many We purslane you all know purslane I mean we actually sell that to the chefs that's a pretty good deal you know we go out and weed and then sell it. So. Personally good lambs corders dandelions. Chiqui. OK good point. Johnson grass no we have not found another use for Johnson Yeah. Boy that is a good point she's saying that in Texas the fire ants love the silent stars yeah they do but I'll tell you what this is something I've tried a little bit but I know it works I just need to do it more. You know this is one of those things where you can go to the Lord and say Lord you know how do I deal with this and he impressed me you know how my going to cleanse the earth with fire so fight fire ants with fire you if you have your You've done that and did it work. Yes well so I'm saying just use a flame weed or you know go to the hardware store and get one of these so you have one person disturbing the nest and the other person just. Firing him. Giving them judgment OK question over here. Yeah so. The question is you know how do you control weeds in large areas. You know if you're going to use a tractor plant to you need to have a tractor cultivator that's the bottom line and you know I'm just thinking there's another one I should have put in here and that is to don't plant more than you can weed. You know that the big temptation with gardeners or farmers is you know the plantings the easy part. Maintaining it is the challenge so you planted too much you know if you didn't have the ability to control the weeds you planted too much and that's why again I think it was in Matt session yesterday I heard a little bit of he's talking about how market farms are getting smaller and smaller you know that's our farms doing that at one point we were farming close to seven acres we're down to last year we're down to two and a half this year we're actually resting the land so my son's just doing a little bit on some other land but next year we're going to be down. To two acres and we'd like to keep shrinking it if we can because the less you do. Do. There's another saying farm the least amount of pocket of land as possible but farm it the best you can. You know you can you can manage a small area much bigger than a large area. And actually make more money and get more produce because you're managing it. It's intense. OK Well thank you all for your time this media was brought to you by audio first a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse if you would like to listen to more sermons lead to visit W W W audio verse or.


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