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Tools of the Trade: Tools and Equipment to Increase Ease and Efficiency

John Dysinger


John Dysinger

Bountiful Blessings Farm




  • December 1, 2017
    9:30 AM
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But we'll start I want to start by reading a quote from this book counsels on agriculture. And this is a very fascinating quote To me this is from for A S G. Page 155 I don't even remember what a this is. The case of that spiritual gifts of mine for a. This is really interesting to see what you think of this the greater the length of time the earth has lain under the curse the more difficult has it been for man to cultivate it and make it productive Would you agree with that. We all know about that as the soil has become more barren and double Labor has had to be expended upon it. God has raised up men with inventive faculties to construct implements to light to labor on the land groaning under the surface. So that's really interesting guy that has raised that man with inventive faculties to construct implements to life and labor on the land running under the curse Now that's that's fascinating but it goes on and says But God has not been in all man's invention. Satan has controlled the minds of men to a great extent and has hurried men to new inventions which have led them to forget God. So I I'm not going to claim to know exactly which inventions fall into which how to Glory's I have my own theories about it but a fascinating. Quote saying that God has has helped man to come up with inventions to help us continue to make the land productive. But on the other hand say. As hurried men into new inventions which have led them to forgive. You know in my mind it's about contact with nature. So I think Satan is behind the air conditioned tractor. Because it's. I mean I I say that a little bit facetiously I would never want to. To accuse. Anybody who has an air condition have that you know I think any time where we isolate ourselves from time with nature. We're missing out less. But I like to think that some of the tools we're going to be sharing this morning because they're basically almost all hand shool. They can increase efficiency while at the same time not. Taking you away from God. So we're going to get into that now just 1 last caller anybody not get these recommended resources for the market gardener yesterday. OK. I have a few more copies I can make more. But I. Want to make sure you get that if you're interested in market gardening to me this is the most important thing I can give you in this seminar. OK Well let's go ahead and have a word of prayer and we're going to dive right in his I'm sure we've got more. We can talk about than we have time to talk about it so let's pray. Your family Father we thank you for the night's rest we thank you for the NEW DAY We thank you for what we've learned this morning about dominion and how you want us to exercise our dominion in the garden and so we pray that you will teach as blessed as we spend this time together may you be. In all that we do and say and made your name before by we create in cheeses name Amen. OK I'm going to just ask the owl it's just the 1 she today right. And we're going to look at. Tools that we have found it strangely effective and productive even though many of them are very simple tools and making our time more efficient so I begin here by saying high quality well designed tools give me your work so much more efficient and enjoyable how many of you are involved in some other kind of manual trade besides farming in. Nursery is that what you said OK yeah. And I'm sure you have certain tools that make that job more efficient right I mean I think the construction trade you know can you imagine framing a house without. A circular saw or a nail gosh. You know yeah you can you can pound the nails in by hand but. It's a much much slower right. So it's the same way with farming market gardening those efficient jewels and and they're not cheap you know this is a niche market this is you know they're not making. Tens of thousands of the. You know these are many of them kind of. Hand produce so that makes them more expensive but I think you'll find there they're well worth. The money in the long run. So we'll start by trying to divide it out into into kind of different sections fieldwork and by that I mean you know national breaking the side kind of kind of field work. If you're doing it on a small area there's nothing to keep you from doing it by hand. With a spade you know you can cut the. Peel back. Here make sure anybody coming in late you want to copy of this market gardening tool kit so that I'm suggesting that if you're if you're doing over a half acre year probably going to want to invest in something that's going to. Mechanize it a little bit are you familiar I don't know how popular B.C.'s is are in Australia are you familiar with C.F.. Is a good question it's a name brand it's. It's what they call a 2 wheel tractor or a walking tractor. Right. Well it's what. You said a rotary How old is it what do you call a road killer. Car A road filler. OK A lot of people think of B.C.'s is just a fancy road killer but it might be more than that B.C.F. And again I wish I had pictures but I've had problems with I can't if you're here my computers were right so using the Asian. Yeah they have a lot of walking is there they actually buy I don't know if they were originally developed in Europe but B.C.S. is how you and there's a lot of the how you. Drive these Ferrari actually Ferrari make wine. I don't know if it's the same company as. There are here. Which 1 is it will be the best even be a good. But I do know there are 8 in Asian brands out there well but basically if it's a self-propelled tractor most of them be the handlebars can be turned around so you can have an implement on the front or the back it's got a key Theo does everyone know what have P.T.O. is. Power take it off and it if it's all gear driven Nobel it's just a bridge very high quality machine but just much smaller and more maneuverable than a tractor and more affordable so if. I took a. Well. OK Well that's good to the know that that's probably true that there's more the challenge with tractor equipment is. Depending on where you are there is there's a fair number of specialized pieces of equipment that are not really available especially use at least that. But I find even in this state for market gardening there are certain implements that are really hard to find we have what's called reciprocating Spader for our tractor which is a really nice implement. There so uncommon that. Just you know you. Get it for her for initial tillage it's supposed to be the closest thing to hand baiting the Guard you know rototiller just does this in a beat up the soil a spade or has individual spade that go in and flip and go up and it hits the flips it up and kind of hits the back and you know breaks it up and then it falls down it doesn't mazing job. Of working in a cover crop. But but it's much more gentle on a story over. Anything that is a reciprocating spade ours is fall F.A.L. see that again you're Italian there's. Some other varieties. Right after A L C Very expensive all just warn you about that in the States there they're least a $1000.00 per foot with. So you see. Anyway I don't want to get too much onto the tractor implement because that's not really the focus. Of our market garden you know we're trying to say you can do it without all this fancy stuff. So with the B.C.S.. And I'll just say J.M. and John are for D.N.A. This Book. Did more for B.C.'s than anything I mean they should have paid him. A $100000.00 in royalties because this book sold thousands of B.C.'s tractors as his whole system and basically he said you don't need a tractor all you need is a B.C.'s and he really focuses on these 3 gentlemen here does everybody have. 1 of these market gardening tools and I think this is the last 1 we want. To do that he does somebody else need 1. OK all. Right. I'll print more. Paper You know I did I printed on for a few more unfortunately the printer ran out of paper and so I did there's 1 I have 1 more from yesterday the resources did anyone not get that. Right maybe. OK We've got another. 2 OK 1 today was OK. Some people were just taking pictures of them were to anyway. If you want to learn more about using the B.C.S. in the garden this is a great book because like he said he he bases his system on that the 3 tools that he uses we have them all and I have used them along the road every plow is really fascinating it looks like a screw a vertical. Through big through and you just go down and I was F. 1st very hesitant about it because it seemed to me like it was just going to beat up this you know destroy the soil kind of like a road killer but actually when I thought being used and when I used it myself I was rather amazed at how little it beat the soil so it's turning like this it shooting this soil to the side. And you can actually plow I cover crop I've seen video of people plowing you're covered grout in you know this tall with this road every cloud you know what. It's not very wide obviously what that means is you're going to this is going to take a lot of houses but what J.M. uses it for mainly in the main thing we do that for is making a raised bed. If you want if you need a raised bed and we haven't really talked about that much the question is do you need it. And if you have very Western oil. That's the main reason I think of using or if you're trying to get a really early crop a raised bed will get you an earlier crop because you're getting the soil warmed on the sides as well as the hot. Those are really the to mean you and I can think of a rate that Jay and I do think that because where he is. The oil a very wet in the spring you know when you have the ground freeze you probably I don't know any of you know about. What happens if the ground is frozen really in the spring for for. Month or 2 it's just my. Call. I think that. Mel. Yeah yeah I don't think still we don't have that either as well we have a very minor league but anyway so the rotary practically Now you just go down 1 side of the bed and it shoots the dirt out here you go there on the other side in the queue that up there and you have this nice raised bed pretty handy very you know much faster than doing it by hand the rotary Carol what So once you raise your bed the rotary herro you there is 1 that just over 30 inches wide it's got fingers like this. Rather than a road Tiller it's just spinning like this and working in you know if you put on some amendments or something and it's got a roller on the back that you can adjust so you can adjust the height or the depth of how how much those fingers are going the end and it's just breaking out the claws and working and near your amendment and when that roller goes over it you have this beautiful seabed really nice it's pretty nifty quick way to. Make a knife the bed and then the 3rd when the flail mower are you all familiar with flail mowers. What we call a bush hog in the state I don't know what a rotary mower do you call them Bush hogs. Slashers. That what what a slasher does is throw all your stuff to the side and you end up with these windrows which if you're mulling a pass through that fine brain here mulling a cover crop you want that material ready evenly so a flail mower spin this way and it has usually little kind of blades on chains that will will cut out the material very fine and lay it right there which is really nice in the flail mower you know you can it's really amazing how we're you know you can have. A bit of broccoli and you know broccoli gets pretty big it's a pretty substantial plant you just run the whale Moamar down over the bed of broccoli just chops about in line. Like it. Or mole. It sounds like the same thing all right. OK OK so you're familiar with that so obviously. Run I've never seen a tractor powered rotary well but that you can get rotary arrows and of course well mowers for a tractor. So if you've got small acreage and you don't need a tractor I would encourage you to think of a V.C.S. if you have larger acreage and you've got stuff you've got a slash in and maintain you need a tractor I'm suggesting you look at. A small tractor and this is kind of the new. I knew friends here in the market gardening world actually BEN HARTMAN with the lead car was the 1 that opened my eyes to this you know in my mind I have 2 simple mind I think but I had never thought you could use a tractor was 30 and the head just seemed to say you know who did it how and how did you get attracted to that but BEN HARTMAN found the tractor a combo to you know 3400 I think he's using that they've now got a 3300 or 3900 in maybe the numbers the models may be different here but you can just the tires the straddle 30 and bad and the tires depending on whether you have. What kind of tired you have are either 12 or 15 years why those go down your pathways and wow. You know it you can mechanize all the things you're doing by hand. And then of course having a bucket on the tractor I tell people a bucket on a tractor is the most useful tool on your farm you use that for every tree I've been made and then of course you can most of them you can interchange input on how it works and and you know you get an order on a truck you can take a pallet on. You know if it can straddle your bed you can fill it with compost or whatever you need to put on the bed and you just drive slowly 1 person in the front shoveling it out of the bucket onto the bed pan it's wonderful So if you can afford a tractor if you have space and need a tractor there are neat things half. Binning. Weighted using tractors BEN HARTMAN has what he calls an under cover bar. That goes on his tractor and when it comes to harvesting carrot I mean it's just a bar that said a little bit of an angle so it pulls down into the soil and just lifts the soil enough lift those here and not that rather than digging him out you just go down pull them out. The hole and then rather than using a drive forward which will talk about in a minute here you just have some shank. On the back of your tractor that rip down the bed without mixing up the soil shark you just air raiding the bed and so again I think this is exciting in fact I don't think I said this the other day my son Jonathan has just been with with Curtis Stone and Curtis is 1 of my sons to start developing tracking tools he's bought 811 acre farm in the starting to develop the farm. And it's going to be based on using a tractor a walk a boat track. So like I say this is kind of a new frontier I don't want to talk any more about that because I want to make sure we have time to cover these other let me me after I know what time is the total And actually I guess this is the 1 where we go. It's something of just. 2 hours here $930.00 or. So any questions quickly on either the V.C.S. or a tractor for market gardening. OK Well you know let me just say this initially why Eliot call the man and J.M. kind of fear people in the direction of the B.C.S. rather than the tractor was number 1 at B.C.S. can turn around much quicker you know you don't have to have a lot of room if it ends of your bed to turn around it's not as heavy so it's not going to be compacting the soil as much it's cheaper initially maybe although you know that could be in question it's easier to maintain you know. Trying to change the transmission on a tractor can be done in a lot of people but if B.C. gas you know you with with simple and tools you can take it apart. And work on it with a much more manageable but. Now we're thinking more about tractors So this is Freida I found these By the way that these will go into these here right here the Easy Rider on who to a friend of K 2 a tractor and you get a bunch so look for a 2 wheel tractors. 2 Wheel tractors OK So let's talk about sort of preparation now I actually don't have a digging for it with me but I think all of you probably know what we're talking about their. Standard You know usually a D. handle and. Very strong and I haven't really seen what you have here in B. not. The best ones that I've ever seen are mating game with their hand forge and. They'll last a long time I have 1 that is my favorite tool I. Had it war well worth 20 years right now to handle the wooden handle actually broke because of misuse. So I'm waiting to get a replacement bill that will last for ever properly and if you have a hard soil you're going to need to use that to loosen it initially how many of you know about double digging. And be OK. There for a while and there are some people that really encourage downhill digging which means you're actually you basically take out the top 12 inches of soil and then loosen the next 12 inches so you're really going down to the. I've done a little experimenting on my own and none of these people we've talked about the marquee gardening expert none of them. Are really record and. I think it's not necessary for my theory if you loose in the soil 12 inches deep that's plenty for. All vegetable you know. Obviously a tree or something is going to need deeper soil but so so if you're so well as hard you can use of running. Nationally and just you're going to bend the time it's not going to work something smaller like a if digging fork is tool of choice for for initially losing 1 and then. Once it's been loosened. If you're being careful not to walk on it then you can use a broad for it now this is a grunt work there's too many versions of death. To wind the ones we use actually have 2 handles on either side rather than the center handle which I prefer to handle because I can pull back more you know deaths I can only pull back if my belly gets bigger I can't pull back from our. But basically you know you're you're pushing this down and you don't have to hold it way back really to come under criticism or suggest you only have to pull up back so you see the ground cracking. And then you move it back 6 inches push it down then up depending on your saw you know some people you know jump on it and really get to the end. But it's it's not. It's not really hard I mean it is exercise in the down you go more exercise is but it's a really nice way I don't know how and why this 1 is we have them 1 that 30 inches wide which is really high for 30 in bed. But I will say if it only really works well a few If your soil is really good shape the more clay and hard it is the harder that it will be to work but the point of this the point of this tool is that I think everybody understands that roots in the air. And they need to have loose soil ideally to work and so this is loosening the soil and buried in the soil without turning the soil. That makes sense. So why not basically said this is the only 1 he knows of that. Available in us for being made in Australia right now there's probably. 15 different varieties being made us Eliot Coleman in his book The new organic growers have some guidelines for what he thinks to me the perfect drive for and Johnny select and he is making that brine or that the 1 we have well we have a few of them. That's the 1 we prefer. But they all do basically the same thing done may be a little more urban home than others so that's the broad for the 3 choose cultivator and some of these we don't have here but I've got a cow and here where they all are and you can't really see here. You can look afterwards this is a 3 tooth cultivator right here it's just got 3 teeth and. The main thing we use that for is working in amendments if you're putting on compost. Or other things in you want to just lightly work it in you just scuffle that over the bed and work through them and it's also good if you're if you're soil the Clyde for breaking up the Clyde. And then the 3rd thing is it can be helpful for is if you have a very crafty thorough. Kresty soil is usually. A result of not working properly but the 3 tooth cultivator can break up that crust. Yet the weight of the hit and small Yes a little weight coming out. Of it quite plain and you. Know I'm all for you Brian so cultivator can also work for weaving and we will now we're going to be talking about that in the next session I guess is when we hype about weed but actually the term we like to use in market gardening is cultivating ready you should ideally never have and we cultivating is dealing with the leaves when they're small. OK. So moving on until 3rd. Again we don't have. Round I'm not going to take time to try to find all these things but it's health or it. Is like a miniature road to where but the difference is it's only telling just the very surface of the soil and it's its design to ride with a cordless drill as the power source. And it's wide enough that it takes 2 passes for a 30 inch bed but a lot of these market gardeners I have 1. Our soil is not well I don't know if I can some places I think we could use it now but it will not work if you have rocks bigger than this in your bed it will jam up and so that's why I kind of got frustrated with that it kept jamming. Were you know we're continuing to get run out. If it does a very nice job of preparing a very fine seed. So. If you're going to transplant. Your thought it have to be nearly as fine don't don't waste your time trying to get it perfect if you're just putting in transplant if you're going to direct seed to till there is a nice tool again at this point. It's only. Available from Johnny's you know in the beginning you can order those things but you'll pay a fair bit for shipping my son actually has on his list of tools to develop a 30 inch wide hill there that will straddle the bed and do the whole bed 1 time but again it's different than a row. Filling in that you're just working in that very top surface. OK any questions about these soil preparation tools. If not let's go on to transplanting in seeding. Yeah. You're asking earlier. That's a good question that sounds like a tool that needs to be developed. Oh oh oh oh. Oh oh oh yeah I of course with the tractor you have are you with a raised bed made here that basically pulls the dirty end forms it into a nice raised bed and there are B.C.'s walking tractor attachments that kind of do the same thing where the ones I've seen are with disks filling desks and then it chain that kind of level without. So there are a few other options but not a lot. If you have Yeah and I Not that I'm aware of I will say that this tool development for small farms is a big. Big thing right now and as those of you who are here yesterday I share little bit my son and we believe God lead in that my son has been. It is on the cutting edge of that he developed this tool here and now has just developed a flame leader and has a bunch of other tools in the pipeline. And it's amazing you know I work for him on the side and. You know I'm reading all these emails and can't wait to see what he come out with next you know we think you know really you're doing a market gardeners this is you know this is making their job. Doable you know it's turning a market harm from drudgery ensure actual productive. Enterprise is. Yet. Bliss might be a little bit of. A now 30 atmospheric preparation rate now I think. This is a nifty will will show you well I should just show you this well these are online this is my street in hey wait. A little bit I'm head so it's very light. This is Rod Actually it was mine I let him take it back to a shell you. And by the way I don't know if if word has gotten out of this boat ride has just put in the order of tools from place through the Switzerland and he's hoping it's coming day so a lot of the Who will do anything from glace or this is actually not well I think maybe now it is made by placer glacier bought this company but this is this is a wonderful tool because it's the right with for the 30 inch bed and you know for raking on dirt for rocks and for just smoothing it out it's wonderful but then Elliot Coleman he in his ingenuity came up with the idea of these we actually Rudd said this is not readily available here this is what we use in the States for our water right now we call X. height. So. We bought a 100 roll of this and cut it all up for him to bring over here so what this does is marks your bet. So you just drag it down this way depending on your plant spacing and then do it this way and you have a grid for Markey which is amazing it's speeds up you know there's no using a tape major or whatever it's very quick and efficient and when we talk about systems this afternoon I'll share with you what we've done to make it really efficient. So this isn't if the things these just popped off and you've got your 8. Of them in your back pocket so I I would highly recommend this tool. The head is just the wall for getting that angle you like. He's got I guess this is a Handle This is not. Very good tool I I have I have had 2 of these for 20 years I've somebody broke off 1 of the outside of his. Ears. OK what's next. Glace or writing go trowel I don't have 1 of those either so basically you know you're trying to be fast with this and being fast you can be sitting or quality although I can't stand all the time but you know the fastest way for transplanting is straddling the bed and somebody setting the plants out on their grid and you're just going down and ideally if your soil is how it should be just use your hand you just you know. You know just you just don't want to fall out just doing that way but if you're sort of it's not where it needs to be if it's still kind of. A little hard incline the the right Ingle trial has has the handle here in the front of like this so you're just. You know doing that kind of thing whereas with a regular trial you're I guess you can you know hold it this way and pull it back but the normal way to hold it is really awkward you know. So the writing the trout is just a little more ergonomic least we found we prefer it. To a standard trial for transplant. OK. Paper plot transplant I am hoping that you bring your computers this morning. In my OK I don't know if anybody has Internet access is this is something that. Is hard to describe but amazing to see if he Some of you know about the paper but transplant or. Is it came out of Japan. And it really is amazing in fact I would say the paper plot transplants are right now is the tool that. Changing people's. Time Jane is different Jane is the cedar Jane from Korea. The favorite by chance planners out of Japan ridiculously expensive work that it's called a paper pot transplant are. OK If somebody has internet you can just google that and find a short video we can show just the demonstrated in action but basically there's some things I don't like about it we don't have 1 yet I'm sure we'll get 1 but. If I may she depended on buying these paper high. Which I don't really. We like that dependency but it comes to flatten and it's life. OK There you go a paper of honeycomb you've got this special tool to pull it apart fits in a special tray So imagine this paper honeycomb nothing no no bottom on it it's just cylinders but it sits on this trade and then you fill it with your soil. Your potting mix and they've actually developed this cedar. Just a simple mechanical Cedar that will see the whole flat out once. And so you let it develop you can't let them get as big maybe as normal transplant. But you get them started and then. Somebody will get a picture here so I don't want to write too much but then you put it in this this thing you Paul and the amazing thing is this 1 person bed Hartman in his book says he can do it now in 40 seconds in 40 seconds 1 person can plant 264 plants. Can you imagine what that would do to a fish in the garden I could probably 100. OK I try something down with technology to show us a picture of a trans Lander. And it's done from a standing position you're just holing you like it. So rather than bending over and you know I would say. Somebody who can really fast I mean it takes 2 people really at least ideally 3 people you have 1 setting out into plan by. 254 plants or. Maybe in and if you're doing that. 3 people 10 minutes. So imagine 1 person doing it in less than a minute. OK now he's he's going into the whole thing of how how it set up. You can we can watch a little bit of this but I don't want to take too much time with it you can just see how he pulls apart. OK. Well just like. Yeah let's see if we can work. OK well you work on Will. Keep going and when you get pulled up so like I said this is probably. A small thing. This is probably the tool hardest tool right now. Market chloramine but to buy the whole set. OK Here we go. He's planting onions their. Way. He's going into all the details. Very. Well obviously he's here he's demonstrating here so it's taking more time than normal. But. Once you once you know what you're doing you can change trays really by. The. Way yeah you're right. Here. You know I would encourage you actually Curtis Stone has has a vested interest in this now because he and partner are selling these. But still it is he has a good recommendation for it. OK question on the organic certification that's a good question and. Many served by ages these are served by their son who have it but they're really working with them to to get that because apparently it's pretty inert. Paper material. OK So there you see it now again he's not he's not speeding very fast but. You see the idea. And they come in 3 different spacing. I 66 facing off or and and 2 and. So and then weapon Hartman is doing is it is when he sees that you can you can use tape in cover certain holes and so just seating every other 1 so you're actually getting 12 feet and. So he's feeding all his lettuce that way has less. So he was when we went to his farm. He has gone almost totally to pay for plastering. Everything in fact he's even a mini with care. Taker posture here. Because they're Well there's obviously there's some real advantages with speed but the other thing he has when it comes to plant thing you know germination is is the most critical. Part of getting plants to grow so if you can use a germination chamber or some you know I controlled environment to germinate you obviously get much better germination still there doing that all in this intro environment and then getting them out with this thing and doing amazing and for efficiency OK that's enough to give you an idea and all you have to do Google and you'll find all sorts now that I think thank you for doing that. Sometimes a picture's worth a 1000 words now when it comes to Cedars So those 1st 3 you know are really talking about transplants. So when it comes to Cedars you have a number of choices. And again I wish I had more pictures of these but there is something I don't know if you have been in this country the earth way Cedar. Yeah it's really kind of. Cheap both in price and quality although I mean it's really not cheap in all of the it's just to me the underlying thing is it's never been improved if. You know it's a designed been the same for probably 30 or 40 years this is a picture of it here this plastic and aluminum. The nice thing is the $100.00 and it comes with a different seed plate that that on there and it's much faster and then hands to. Some things that works really well on like. And core the bigger seeds the smaller seed can be a little annoying as they get hot. I don't want to try to describe how word but anyway it's a step in the right direction and if you're on a budget again you might pay as much getting it over here if they're not in this country or you do OK good so many times you can find a used door for cheap so that's kind of the 1st step then if you want to go the next step there's a few other choices that Jane see here is what Curtis uses. Here's a picture here and I realize you all can't see that very well yellow see there it is made in Korea. And. You buy these different rollers for different seeds size and so on. The thing is you know when the cedar itself is $400.00 and then the rollers are. $20.00 to $25.00 a piece so you know that as you're going to pay $6.00 or $700.00 for that. Again you know it could easily be argued that Keith in the long run. The nice thing about the Jane is that it's very fast in fact I've seen Curtis demonstrate it were he was literally running with it. Running and it's very ergonomic it's very easy to push it's got an adjustable handle as you know you're you're walking on your bed but you're sitting here so it's really nice that the handle can be adjusted so. You're staying off your bed. If you really want to be fancy you can game them together is pictures here and it can be either used with a tractor or by hand and you can see. I think up to 6 rows all at once the beauty of that is when it comes to cultivation they're all exactly the same with the part. If you're doing it by hand which is what Curtis he just eyeball that you know runs down this guy back this side down the middle and then depending on how many how many passes he's doing better you know you do the outside too then you do a mill 1 and then do either 1 between those on either side for 5 rows or 2 between 7 rows on yes quite Is it doesn't have to be perfect you know different temperament. Depends on how close the you are you know about O.C.D. here and I'm really OK. So I I actually. That's a cedar that I started using We said we bought many years ago and I tried to use it on pellets I care and I got so frustrated with it it literally sat in our barn for years. And Curtis. So highly of that and how it would have been the best 1 out there I said you know I give it another key. So I got it out dusted is on and used it this last year and I actually decided I liked it and I think the problem was early on the recommendations for the rollers were not correct if you get the Ron roller size and the really frustrating but if you get the right roller thighs. It works really well and I enjoy using the last year. It's very adjustable it's the urge ribbon you've got different. Here COX So for adjusting the distance. It's a very nice Cedar. And then the 4 row 10 point see here again if you're on a budget there's this it comes from Germany. This 1 just has a shaft with holes in it if you look here these different size holes and so you would just do you just adjust the shaft side to side and get it centered here it's got brushes on each hole to to adjust you can get really accurate with deaths as far as just letting 1 see drop at that time and this you call the nose little teeth you know give it. And traction in the oil just for the want this. It's and you adjust the deaths basically by how you hold the handle so obviously it takes a little bit of practice to figure it out but you know I think this is 250 years something so compared to some of the other seeders it's fairly reasonably priced a lot of people including Elliot Coleman and Connor create more this is their Connor loves it because he said they're cheap enough he just leaves them all over the farm and there's always 1 nearby where he wants to see them. Now 1 thing I don't like about this is that it takes a couple extra steps you need to roll the bed with some kind of bed and roll it before he had to firm it out and then it really doesn't have anything to close your furrow after you see so you really need to roll it again afterwards. So that adds a couple additional steps to your seeding process and the other thing is this takes 3 passes. What you do this kind of is making marks on the bed so the next pass you. You run your furrow right down where this was Does that make sense so actually this this 1 is going where you just see that you would think that with method out. It doesn't it doesn't seem to be your. Own body what you have to put in the bit before we use that is if you close those. Close to him probably yeah it will tend to Sly Herb you know it needs a little bit of firmness the kind of give it some traction. So like I say this is an option where we're at and again this is huge of course you can step holes and do just 6 rows per bed but this is used mainly for your your baby salad crops that we're talking about yesterday here your roof or your rock it here your. Baby kayo your hat stories as soon as in the of those those salad green that are small. Then there's another 1 that was supposed to be an improvement on this some people think it's an improvement others don't. It's called the 6 year old cedar which there's a picture of here it obviously has 2 more rows but it also has a front in rear roller. Which is nice some of the things that where I see it as a real improvement number 1 is the rollers number 2 that front roller is your depth adjustment it's got a couple knobs to adjust the height or the depth of the furrows. Secondly it's got 3. Pulleys 4 different you have a. Belt that goes on the pulley so you can adjust it to see everyone to insure for it. So that's really nice and then it's also much easier to empty the way you get the seat out of it it's time in the if the the way it works so those are all improvements but the wind the Kellys feel of it is that if the bat is not the right conditions that rear wheel which has the belt on it will just slide. And that's really frustrating and that's why a lot of people have kind of gotten away from that because you know if you don't have your bed just perfect Now what I've learned is I can just run over the bed just lift the furrow or run over the bed with this just rolling it with the seed roller and that firms it up and that then I can go back in the To. Go places yeah OK. Yes let's see what have been we covered. Yeah you can well. I mean that cult finally. Thing really. Yeah I'll try to go through that quickly. OK Well we're ready for talking about cultivating. So again day to day with your we did in we're going to talk about this a lot more in the next hour is. Giving them small. In fact ideally your cultivating before you see that we just knowing that they're there that they germinate. So if they get this big man well you you. You just made it John for yourself so there's 2 homes in peculiar that are just place your views I love them. I'm just seeing he has all replaceable Blade 1 this is called that the colinear hole this is a Elliott Coleman design. The point of it is to be able to use it like this. You know traditionally howling has been kind of a back breaking job here if you like this. Very inefficient because if you're like this you're chomping the weeds most of the time your hose not even in contact with the soil how efficient is that you know plus like it's a back breaking so with death you're standing in Elliott in this book tells you exactly how to hold it in your bones it's like a weed broom just like you're sweeping. Or he even talked about. D.N.C. in the garden with your coat he said as he put it on you put on some smoke and. That we have never been more civil and 100. So so the point is you know you just use it short little throw getting around your plants back on Johnny's website there's a there's a short video of Elliot using this code which is worth watching. Because he's very fast. But just a pleasure to use now this only works if your soil is loose you know if it's a hard crust the soil is not fine but if your soil is like it should be out I mean this is 1 of my favorite jobs in the garden and honestly I would love to do this all day because it's brainless your mind can go wherever it wants to go you know you can commune with the Lord or you can. Plan your time. And I go through conferences. And this is wonderful now I mentioned this he has the 1 with the replaceable plate. You would think that would be the 1 you want to yet elevate himself as told me that he doesn't like this because it's not as efficient as you know when you're doing this a lot though those 2 bolts create a lot of drag. And so he just likes the 1 with the non-replaceable blades if you if you sharpen in the lives of venture that blaze going to disappear obviously. I'm weird in that I never sharpen them I feel like they're sharp enough. And so you know last for years now I'll tell you. I've in 20 years I've never broken a blade. But we've had plenty of broken blaze by a premises that men use them the minute you try to use it like this and dig out a week you're going to break this blade it's just not designed for that. If you use it properly it'll last for years comes into to where it's the narrow line. Is really nice for tight plants spacings like I use maybe order or the. I don't. Look at it here oh. Yes That that's. Right you're just standing underneath so you're just having off those roots but again when that winter wheat is this small That's all you need to do I mean you're really just disturbing the soil. Now obviously when they get bigger. Death may not heal on this specially if the soil is moist as you're kind of on off and then if it's just sitting right back down there you'll just read grow the you never Ideally you'd never cultivate when the soil moist. You want it to be dry you want to be a sunny hot day ideally. This is the other 2 all. I need to talk to Ron about keeping his tools clean. They work so much better when there's no dirt on them. To create resistance this tool works better or for harder soils. And in here you do again have to bend over a little bit your bones are down but it it cultivates on the course and the whole. Yeah you can take those in fact you can take that you can take this this is just a smaller version of this. It actually comes in 3 sizes that's the small There's a medium and then there's a large That's about this wide. So in your pathways or if your soil is not where it needs to be this 1 will work better on hard soil and you're just slicing those we don't you wanna work trackways backwards down the path so you're done stepping on the weeds and. Planting them back at all right. This is a stirrup hoe in the yes is why. The. Hell. How often do you do that well we'll save that for next session I think actually we should be going into next session Yeah. So let me down about then we'll hope the we'll home is the they're at home on steroids. This is amazing tool used mainly for for your walk ways. But you just. Perched that can down the row and you can cover a tremendous amount of ground in fact if the waves are small and the soil is good you can just literally walk with it down or run with it like that so you can imagine how much ground you can cover quickly with that if the weeds are bigger and the soil is harder doing it like this. Not only on quads in the weeds from here but it also gives you that added momentum of your of your walking and so you know you're walking and you're moving your arms like this so it doubled and it doubles your power as you do it and this. Has offset brackets so you can walk in your bed and cultivate here here I mean walk in your aisles and cultivate your bed it also. Has all kinds of different widths of hollows and you can put 2 on them and you actually have to you have to get 2 wheels if you can do this that they sell that at a price. So you can straddle a row and adjust those those knives those stirrups to come in really close to your claim. And you vision that in vision that. So and it also has her words that has the 3 prong cultivator that you can put on here very this is an amazing tool for market for her this is by the way sir I know Rod has 4 of these coming I think at least 1 is already sold. But I highly recommend the wheel Oh. There's 2 other companies that I know of so this one's from Switzerland there's 2 other companies in the states that make we own hose there's a hoss and I gave the website their highest in the Valley Oak I have the dream of being able to. Comparison side by side in writing and give people my thoughts on it but that hasn't happened yet OK we've got to keep moving here so that's that's cultivating. For harvesting this is the game changer or for harvesting baby greens Unfortunately we don't have a drill here but if you have a battery powered drill you just stick that on there and you hold it like this and he just go down and this turns we had time we can show you video that you can go on my son's website and see the video this spending and gently pushes the Greens against the blade and then as the blade the blade reciprocates back and forth you can see the way it goes blade cuts it and then this question is the green back into the basket and then you just dump it in your container and go down. Way way wait wait wait. In the video going on we're going to go driving. Was that Curtis forget who was probably heard it does a good job of selling these. Every day you got to go Yeah well that's. That's in the works about it it's much more complicated because then you have to have a conveyor to take this stuff and drop it in that has accompanied New Zealand that might that low I harvest in. A can buy into a into I think there's American ones now for $10000.00. You know this 1 is $550.00 you know I think if he can make something simpler that we do hold then. Even for a couple 1000 it would. Yeah so that's the goal I'm. OK. So you can look. The other thing we use for harvesting is just ready to handle Victorian separated NY you have big 2 are not here with a knife they're quite cheap and very good you can get a little. Sheath to fit on your belt to hold it and most market farmers have 1 of those on them all the time for harvesting. Other tools just as. I think you know about all these other ones I would just mention them Mr blower this steel mess mower I know you have steel here I don't know how you pronounce the. Studio. You'll be still OK still. It's a German company and this war is basically a leaf blower with a tank on the back. That will mix whatever's in the tank with the air coming out and the beauty of it is it's much faster then backpacked pump hand pump sprayer and it's much more effective in that if it blows the leaves around and if it gets your material whatever your frame on the top and bottom of the lead so if you're doing more than half a name here I would highly recommend investing in 1 of those. You're not sheet in the States I think I paid $700.00 or something but it'll quickly and you know if it works for a leaf blower to just dump it in the water you. Know if it does double duty. Look like I saw a. Well you you can adjust the throttle so I mean honestly sometimes you feel like you're missing the leave. Because it definitely blows them around. My hand. 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