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From the Beginning It Was Not So

Clinton Wahlen

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Clinton Wahlen

Associate Director of the Biblical Research Institute (BRI) at the General Conference of SeventhdayAdventists

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  • June 20, 2017
    1:00 PM

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Father in heaven thank you for the privilege of reading your words of hearing your voice and knowing you through the revelation you've given us in the Holy Scriptures and I pray Lord that as we study this morning as we open your word that your Holy Spirit will guide us and help us to understand and know better your plan for us each 1 of us as we study together in Jesus name in Man Now yesterday you will remember that we talked about how. Commentators and Bible interpreters today are replacing the plain reading of the Bible with readings that used different lenses in order to impose on the taxed particular agendas and those are not things that I have. Insisted on. But these were as I quoted from the curriculum for a diverse America they make it very clear that these agendas are being advanced and the same is true with scripture. We can't pretend that we are in a vacuum here and so as we go through the Bible passages beginning today with Genesis $1.00 to $3.00 which will be the topic that we will spend our time with today we will 1st look at how a gender lengths looks at the passage 1 spent too much time on that but enough time so you get the idea and then we will look at what the text actually says. So we want to pay particular attention today to how God created man and woman to relate to each other in the beginning before sin and also after the fall. How did the fall change their relationship if any now if we would look at Genesis 1 to 3 through a gender lens this is what it would look like let's open to Genesis chapter 1 and we'll look at Genesis 1 verse 26 Genesis 1 verse 26. Even those lights as Genesis 2 were looking at Genesis 1. Genesis 1 verse 26 Then God said Let Us make man in Our image according to our likeness let them have dominion over the fish of the sea over the birds of the air over the cattle over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth now according to the gender lens man here in verse 26 refers to both Adam and Eve. Because the last the 2nd half of the verse says them and that might seem logical at 1st but let's think about what the implications of that are so before the rib was taken from Adam's side he was essentially androgenous meaning he was both male and female therefore according to the slants when God spoke to the man about the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil in Genesis 2 he was really speaking both to Adam and Eve likewise according to this view when God brought the animals to be named he brought them to both the man and the woman in the person of this human being who named the animals a gender lens reading also sees even an implied superiority in the way the woman is described because the man in chapter 2 verse 7 it says. The Lord God for man of the dust of the ground so he was formed from dust and the word for man in Hebrew is. That that can mean man or Adam but in this case a Dom He made man from the dust of the ground and that's where we're related to the word for ground I ma hear the similarity i Dom item Ah and so based on this connection to gender land says that Adam could actually be described as the dirt in man but Eve was not formed from the dirt she was built using a different Hebrew word from Adam's rib like a beautiful palace so he got the man who's kind of made of dirt and the woman who's built like a palace structured and constructed from a rib the man the gender lens reading also observes that the Hebrew word used to call Eva help where also refers to God as the helper to human beings and this shows they say that Eve's helper role before the fall was very important also according to a gender lens Eve at the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil shows you know this is in Genesis 3 now and the Serpent is talking to her she shows her intelligence and ability to reason and philosophize whereas Adam is not involved at all after the fall things changed dramatically in 1 consequence of sin according to this gender lens reading is that Adam would be domineering or over Eve This is supposedly the meaning of chapter 3 verse 16 and then also according to this reading by name mean the woman Adam. Is domineering over her and this was not according to God's plan since both the man and the woman were made in the image of God the gender lens argues that the primary goal of the plan of redemption is to restore men and women to a relationship of equals now as we look at what I've just described of Genesis 1 to 3 how many of you for how many of you is that a familiar understanding of these chapters OK I don't maybe 1 hand OK or 2 but most of us have never really thought of these chapters that way I'm sure at least when you read the chapters you don't get this idea at least most people probably wouldn't so where does it come from well as we saw yesterday there is way of reading against the grain or resisting the plain or dominant reading of the passage and they are reading it in such a way to overthrow the usual understanding of the passage Genesis $1.00 to $3.00 Now not everything is wrong obviously that we as I've described it there is some truth here after all when Eve came to the knowledge the tree of the knowledge you know it was not just the knowledge of evil right the tree of the knowledge of evil it was the tree of the knowledge of what good and evil you know the devil. Wants to make sure when he presents his lies that there is some truth to it and so the tree represents the fact that by taking in enough it it wasn't bad tree the fruit wasn't bad it was good right it was the taking of the fruit that was evil because God said don't do it. So in that act it's mixing good and evil but the tree itself according to all the other things that God said in Genesis 1 was good was good is just the violation of God's prohibition of taking the fruit that was evil so likewise when these readings other readings of the text not everything is wrong but it's the mixture of the true and the false that make it difficult and confusing and really dangerous because it's enough truth and enough what sounds right to you know like with Eve looked good for us to take it and start to accept it. And by the way I should mention that when we talk about a plane reading the text that question came up yesterday at the and afterwards well I'll try to leave time today also for questions and answers we don't mean a surface reading of the taxed or superficial reading when we talk about the plane reading it it means to look carefully and study the text but to allow the text itself to speak not to distort the text by superimposing an agenda that we might bring on to the taxed we should not do that so before we look at any text of Scripture it's helpful to have a kind of bird's eye view of the passage and I think we know Genesis 1 quite well you know the various days various days of Creation day 1 through 3 This is days of preparation where God is preparing the environment for the life he's going to create so on day 1 he made light and separate from the darkness on day 2 he separated from from an above and from below on day 3 he divided the seas from the dry land and that covers verses 3 through 13 the 1st 2 verses chorus being an introduction to God's creation and then once the environment is created God populates this environment with living creatures. And with. The you know the sun and the moon on day 4 are ordered as ruling over the day and over the night. And day 5 the fish and the birds were made to fill the sea in the air and on day 6 the animals and man and woman were made to live on the land and that's takes us through to the end of Chapter 1 Then in chapter 2 the 1st 4 verses deal with the Sabbath and then there's a kind of a concluding thought in the 1st part of verse 4 where in verses 123 God rested on the 7th day he blessed it and sanctified I've really appreciated by the way what elder boy brought out about that some some new ideas and I just I think it's very helpful to see how the Bible and the Spirit of Prophecy fit neatly together even where we haven't noticed it for a long time on such a for milieu or passage you know that's an interesting thing for me when you dig into God's Word the deeper you study the clearer it becomes and more things fit together that's for me an evidence also of the inspiration of the Bible Well let's look more closely now at these key verses beginning with Genesis 126 where it says that God made man in he says let us make man in Our image by the way. That is significant that God speaks there in plural let us. And so you have hints of the idea that God is 3 persons in 1 God in Genesis 1 of course also in Isaiah age 6 where he's called and God says whom shall I send and who will go for us and you know you have hints of the of the biblical view of the trendiest think from the theological sort of doctrine through Christian history that has Greek philosophy has at its base we don't believe that but we do believe in the Biblical doctrine of the Trinity and we have that beginning right here in Genesis 126 is clarified by the way in the New Testament because when Jesus comes as the 2nd person the God head and he sends later the Holy Spirit as a 3rd person the Godhead we need to know that God is 3 not just 1 and that's why God reveals those things in the New Testament when they need to be known we need to know who the Savior is when he comes that it's not just an angel but it's God Himself that was. A little extra I. Want you to be clear of where we're going here and I sorry for the digression but there's been many questions that come to us about the Trinity so I thought I'd take this opportunity to just clarify that a little bit but coming back now to 126 let's look more deeply at this I mentioned already that the word man in this verse is what's the Hebrew word i Dom I dial and it can mean. Also Adam so you have the word meaning man or mankind here we would probably translate mankind or Adam the name of the 1st man that was created. And those are the really the beasts you know so you have Adam man and man kind those are really the only 3 ways to translate that word in Genesis $1.00 to $5.00 Adam man or mankind and I say mankind rather than human kind for obvious reasons because you hear a dom it means man it also means Adam this is the way it's described in Genesis 126 Let us make we could save mankind in our image according to our likeness and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea over the birds of the air and over the cattle over all the earth etc So this is 1 of 2 generic uses of the word in Genesis 1 to 5 the 2nd 1 is in Genesis 5 Verse 1 so let's just turn there right now and they kind of form bookends for these 1st few chapters of Genesis. Genesis 126 in Genesis 5 Verse 1 notice what it says this is the book of the genealogy of Adam Dunn in the day that God created man or we say mankind Dummett same word he made him so again it's not referring to to Adam and Eve right it says in the day that God created man he made him in the likeness of God So him is a reference to mankind in general not to specific human beings he created them verse to male and female and blessed them and called them mankind again the word Adama in the day they were created. So I point this out because some people as I mentioned want to kind of particularize the word Dom here in verse 26 to suggest that really it's both Adam and Eve in the Person of the 1st man as some androgenous human being and that's not the intention of the Bible at all where is Eve in Genesis 5 Verse 1 do find her anywhere there Genesis 5 Verse 1 know in verse 2 you have male and female so there is where we find Eve when God created the male and female and that's the same as we find in Genesis 1 it's simply repeating what Genesis $126.27 have to say just like we don't see even till verse 2 we don't really see her until verse 27 in chapter 1 where it says got so God created man in his own image in the image of God He created him male and female he created them so of course mankind generically includes all human beings man and woman in other words we're all made in the image of God and then in verse $27.00 it's particularized as male and female. So human beings in Genesis 126 notice our given dominion let them have dominion over the fish of the sea or the birds of the air over the cattle that refers to all human beings not just Adam and Eve but all of us in the beginning intentionally by God were given dominion over the creation over the animal world and verse $28.00 it's repeated then God bless them and said to them Be fruitful and multiply fill the earth and subdue it have dominion over the fish of the sea over the birds of the air and over every living thing that moves on the Earth so this is a general description of what God has intrusted to us as human beings and that we are made in His image and that we are created male and female Now that's very important to emphasize that God made human beings male and female in the beginning number 1 that means he made them different and there's nothing wrong with that and as Adventists we have a holistic view of the person of the human being meaning we're not just what our body is right as if the body dies and there's a soul inside that goes to heaven when we die or somewhere else but we're a whole person and that means that as a male or as a female we are a whole person our physical our mental and our spiritual. Natures all are given characteristics according to our gender and we relate to God accordingly and he relates to us accordingly it's nothing bad it's the way we were made nothing wrong with being different number 2 male and female it shows that there complimentary. And of course the most obvious way in which we're complimentary is on a physical level but I think it's. Many of us who are married realize that it's nice to have. A companion who is complementary to us I learn a lot from my wife and she learns a lot from me and we help each other we're a team together we're stronger together than we were ever separately and even maybe children can recognize this if you know you have a brother and sister maybe they don't always get along but they can also play together and be happy together and maybe do things you know together 2 are better than 1 The Bible says and and so this complimentary idea is something that's very important for us to recognize being equal and being complimentary are not incompatible with each other they're not contradictory they help each other they they are the way God made us let's notice 1 more thing about verse 27 here Genesis 127 the text refers to male and female in that order OK right God created man in his own image in the image of God He created him male and female he created them so the order is important it's the same order we find in Genesis 2 1st God makes the mand and then from the man's rib God makes or creates the woman the clear order in both Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 is the male is created 1st and the females created next that creation order is very important and Paul points to that later and we'll look at that on Thursday when our Wednesday when we look at verse Timothy Chapter 2 and 3 know yeah we're looking at that 1st simply 2 and 3. So we'll look at that more more in detail. By the way when we talk about. This creation order you know there's been a lot of exaggeration. The idea of headship as if it's some kind of recent and dangerous theology that only come in late last 2 years within the admins church well we'll see tomorrow that that's not the case 1st of all it's a very. Old idea and it wasn't original with our pioneers but our pioneers also believed in the idea of headship because it's biblical Christ is the head of the church right I don't know of anyone who doesn't believe that do you do we all believe that Christ is the head of the church yes is there anyone who doesn't believe that I don't see any hand so that means headship is Biblical Now having said that it also says more about that in in. First Corinthians 11 verse 3 where it refers to. The head of every man is Christ so in a special sense. We follow Christ as as men and the head of the woman is the man and the head of Christ is God So there's a system of headship that is spelled out in those verses will look at that on Thursday more carefully I'm I'm I wanted to bring this out just so you know kind of what's coming next and that because there might be some as I'm going through here saying well yeah but what about this what about that saw I'm I'm hoping that this will be helpful to you so the clear order of creation creation order in Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 is male 1st and he female Next Now when we look at Genesis 2 then it focuses specifically on the creation of human beings and their relation to each other so let's look at that now in more detail and again I'll give a bird's eye view kind of an overview of the Chapter 1st we have in. Genesis to what really is part 2 of the Genesis creation account Part 1 is the 1st about the what happened on each of the 1st of the 7 days of creation week and then that order male and female is unpacked in Genesis to where God focuses on the creation of human beings in His image so. It introduces this section of the Creation account by saying that the earth was created with no edible plants and there was no rain and there was no man no human being. Genesis to verse 7 then begins with the creation of man. And then he is created and the garden is planted and the rivers are divided that carries us up through birth verse 14 and beginning with Verse 15 through verse 18 there is work and food and the law and is given to man and a helper is needed for him and promised for him then in Genesis 219 and 20 animals are named by man and in verses 21 to 25 The woman is made by God she's named by the man and the couple is married by God So it's interesting to me in Genesis 2 you actually have like also if we just look at the whole chapter beginning with Verse 1 bookends you have the Sabbath which is the institution specifically made for man according to Jesus the Sabbath is made for man not man for the Sabbath so the 1st institution begins Genesis 2 and the 2nd creation institution of marriage in the relationship between man and woman at the end of Genesis 2 so you see how how like bookends you've got the 2 creation institutions related to each other. It's important to. Mention that the title man Adama occurs 16 times in Genesis 2 and everywhere in this chapter it refers to Adam it never refers to Eve or to human beings in general it always refers specifically to Adam or the man the only other Hebrew word in Genesis 2 is issue and it's used exactly twice in verse $23.24 and both times it's used in order to define the woman in terms of the man because in Hebrew the word woman is East shot see the relationship each is man is Shah is woman and if you look at the English words it's very much the same you've got Man and Woman OK So it's they're related just like the Hebrew words are related and actually the English usage until recent years was almost exactly parallel to the Hebrew usage of these terms it's only in recent years that that's been kind of broken apart but the connection of the English language with the Bible language is very interesting So let's look at verse 23. There Adam is. Speaking will look at it in more detail but he calls. Her woman it says because she was taken out of men this this refers to the nature of human beings how they are in terms of nature and verse $24.00 refers to them in terms of relationship and that man is to take the initiative by leaving his father and mother and uniting to his wife. But we're getting a little ahead of ourselves let's go back now to verse 7 the Lord God formed man of the dust of the ground breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and man became a living being then verse 15 It says The Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to tend and to keep it so he 1st created man out then he planted a garden Eden and placed Adam there to labor and care for it next God gave instructions regarding the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil to the man versus 16 and 17 and the Lord God commanded the man saying Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat but of the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil You shall not eat for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die and then God brought the animals to Adam and trusted him with naming them in verses 19 and 20 and we won't take the time to read that but you see all the way through the text refers to the man and the responsibilities that God gave to the man and this shows that he is considered by God The leader of the human family now how was Eve created from a rib of the man and that's given in verses 21 and 22 notice the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall on Adam and he slept and he took 1 of his ribs and closed up the flesh in its place so that was the 1st surgery then the rib which the LORD God had taken from man he made into a woman and he brought her to the man like out patriarchs and prophets describes it this really you know the fact that it was from Adam's side. From a rib was taken from him shows the equality also of the man and woman so in Genesis 126 it shows there equality by being made in the image of God in Genesis 2 it shows there equality by being made from the side woman being made from the side of the man and their closeness in that respect trucks and profits paid 46 Eve was created from a rib. From the side of Adam signifying that she was not to control him as they had nor to be trampled under his feet as an inferior but to stand by his side as an equal to be loved and protected by him a part of man bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh she was his 2nd self showing the close union and the affectionate attachment that should exist in this relation is not beautiful I like how it says she was his 2nd self. You know my wife and I. Over the years have drawn so close together that sometimes will even just come out out of the blue saying the same words exactly at the same time and when our daughter saw that the 1st time said that's scary. But you know that's the beautiful thing about marriage closer and closer together really 1 as God says she was his 2nd self showing the close union and the affectionate attachment that should exist in this relation of course referring to the marriage relation now how is Eve described in verses $18.20 it uses the word as are connected Oh for Eve It means a helper comparable to him as there. This shows that. What God's design for Eve was that God intended Eve to help and assist Adam and the word help as are is used not only for God helping his people but also for humans helping other humans in fact it's usually help given to a superior although in this case we have equals and Eve but notice in Joshua 114 won't take time to look at it but I'll just list a few examples here Joshua 1142 and a half tribes help the larger segment of Israel that is 9 and a half tribes conquer Canaan in 2nd Samuel 21 verse 17 Abishai help David against the Philistines again subordinate helping the king in as you kill $1214.00 the helpers and troops of Jerusalem's Prince would be scattered so in all these cases it refers to human beings helping other human beings and actually helping us you know subordinate helping a superior Now that's not the case here in Genesis 1 and 2 because for the reasons I've already indicated but it doesn't indicate any. Superiority of 1 or the other even of the man over the woman that's very important to make that point just because 1 helps another doesn't mean the work of the 1 is inferior to the work of the other and it's important obviously because God mentions it twice once in verse 18 and once in verse 20 and he says I will make in verse 18 I will make a helper for him so for Adam he was created as a helper and in verse 20 after Adam is finished naming the Atta Mills the text notes that even though all the animals were there there was no helper for Adam found among them. Now the word Cannick though is very interesting it means comparable to the helper as Or can it go help or comparable to Adam that word can ago literally in Hebrew means like opposite him it's 1 word but it's like 3 words in 1 like opposite him so it means the woman is like Adam but she's also opposite of Adam and. It's there's a close relationship that it indicates between them so they're equal in the sense of Nature and Value and complimentary even as complimentary in function to Adam all of that in that 1 word cannot go it's not interesting then when Eve is brought to Adam by God verse 22 he names her he calls her woman she's clearly very special because this is Notice in verse 23 the 1st time we hear the man speaking and then if you have a. Bible that has paragraph form like my Andrew Study Bible you'll see that verse 23 is indented which means it's poetic it's a poem and so when Adam speaks he speaks in poetry Hebrew poetry he says this is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of man so Adam just so amazed and in thrall to with the woman that he breaks into poetry and he calls her woman because she was taken out of me and now the word called there by the way in Hebrew is Kyra and it's the same word that is used in chapter 1. If we look at chapter 1 verse 5 let's start with verse 5 it says God called the light Day and the darkness he called night and in verse 8 it says God called the firmament Hemet heaven and then in verse 10 it says God called the dry land Earth and the gathering together of the waters he called Seas the same Hebrew word carajo is used in these 3 verses verses 1 Chapter 1 Verse 58 and 10 as is used here in verse 23 so when Adam called Eve woman he was describing who she is and. How she was made each shot was taken out of each so they're related it underscores their difference and yet also their complementarity they're complementary to each other it was like Adam in nature but opposite in gender and complimentary in function now according to the gender lens let's just briefly look at verse 23 and 24 according to the gender lens because it's important God speaks actually in the last half so you have it actually according to the gender lens Adam speaks only in the 1st half Adam said this is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh period now God chimes in she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of man. Now that's not the way actually the translation understands it because in the new king Jeremy James version in modern versions that's 1 continuous poem and in fact the 2nd half of the verse is synonymous parallelism with the 1st half it's Hebrew parallelism synonymous the 1st half and the 2nd half are synonymous while the 2nd half describing in different words what the 1st half said and so it's a unit unified poem actually in Hebrew it makes no sense to consider 2 different speakers here as the gender lens people would like us to think the reason of course they want that is because they realize if Adam is speaking this and calling Eve woman that gives him a leading role and they can't have Adam can't have a leading role if she's if Eve is equal to Adam if there is some how 1 is a leader and the other is helper that means that 1 must be subservient and inferior to the other and of course that's not the biblical view but according to the way people think nowadays that's the way it is and so they have to insist that the 2nd half of this verse is spoken by God rather than Adam even though the very 1st words of verse 23 are what and at who Adam and Adam said OK I don't know how it could be clearer I don't know how it could be clearer Adam said so he spoke this poem. There is no hint at all here that God spoke the last half of the verse nor is there any hint of it anywhere else in scripture but when we come to verse $24.00 there is a clear change again if you have a Bible that has paragraphs you'll notice that verse $24.00 is not indented it means it's not a poem anymore it's prose so from verse $23.00 to verse $24.00 we moved from poetry to prose and also there is a difference in terms of. The subject it's no longer about Eve but about man and leaving father and mother to be joined to his wife so it's about marriage so there is a change of topic and so this these 2 differences suggest that there is a change of speaker also in verse 24 it's no longer Adam speaking and we know that is the case in fact because Jesus tells us that if we look at Matthew Chapter 19 Turn turn to with me to Matthew 19 I think we'll see this very clearly Jesus quotes both Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 in answering a question about divorce the question verse 3 from the Pharisees was is it lawful for a man to divorce his life his wife or any just for any reason verse 4 he Jesus answered and said of them have you not read that he who made them at the beginning now who is he God so He God made who made them at the beginning made them male and female that's. Genesis 1 verse 27 that we've just looked at and verse 5 and said So who's speaking in God is speaking for this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife and the 2 should become 1 flesh so then they are no longer 2 but 1 flesh therefore what God has joined together let no man separate So God is speaking in Genesis 124 and he's actually putting them together he's marrying Adam and Eve isn't that beautiful God performed the 1st marriage ceremony in the Garden of Eden with Adam many and the words of of consecration of the marriage were here in verse $24.00 that we've just read now in our sinful condition it's hard for us probably to imagine the relationship that Adam and Eve had with each other before sin existed but each 1 perfectly related to the other perfectly helped the other and. Gave joy and happiness to the other it was a relationship of 2 harmonious equals before sin 1 as leader and the other as support of helper but that comes very quickly under attack in Genesis Chapter 3 where the man is absent and for the 1st time the woman takes the leading role and so in we won't we'll skip over maybe the exact. Outline of the chapter I think it's for Miliard to us. But notice the serpents question. In verse 1 Genesis 3 Verse 1 the serpent talks to Eve as. She would as if she were the head. And representative of the human family it says by the way that of course the servants more cunning than any beast of the field and which God had the LORD God had made and he said to the woman has God indeed said You shall not eat of every tree of the garden has not has God indeed said You shall not eat of every tree of the garden so he's relating to Eve and speaking directly to her that's made very clear because it says that he said to the woman he wasn't speaking to Adam and Adam is nowhere here found in these verses. I might explain a little bit more about that in a minute but notice the woman's response she accepts the role given her by the serpent in Acts 4 this as the spokes person of the human family she says what what's her 1st word we we so she's speaking not only for herself but she's speaking for Adam also we may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden she also restates God's command but she adds to it Notice in verse 3 but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden God has said quote You shall not eat it nor shall you touch it lest you die on quote Now is that what God said not exactly it's something like what God said Notice what Ellen White says in the book confrontation page 14 Eve had overstated the words of God's command he had said to Adam and Eve but of the tree of the Knowledge of Good and evil thou shalt not eat of it for in the day that that eat us there that I shall surely die. In Eve's converse he's still quoting in Eve's Conversely with the serpent she added neither shall you touch it here the subtlety of the serpent appeared this statement of Eve gave him advantage what gave the serpent an advantage very important adding to God's word it's adding changing God's Word or changing the meaning of God's word that gave the serpent an advantage here this statement of Eve gave him advantage he plucked the fruit and placed it in her hand using her own words he had said if you touch it you shall die you see no harm comes to you from touching the fruit neither will you receive any harm by eating it unquote confrontation page 14 very important that we don't change or add to or take away from God's word as we looked at this morning yesterday morning from Revelation 22 that's underscored in the spirit of prophecy. Because once God it's word was changed and its meaning changed it was easier for it to be contradicted I'll say it again because it's very important once God's word was changed its meaning was changed and it was easier for it to be contradicted because once it's changed it's no longer the same it's no longer all truth there is some error mixed in and when truth and error are mixed together it may look more attractive to sinful human beings but like the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil It's not only good anymore but it can be used for evil so we find in verse 6 the woman's. Acceptance of it. And notice the focus is on her that she does everything there for specific actions that are described in verse 6 she reasons OK she saw it was good for food was pleasant to the eyes desirable to make 1 wise that's the 1st so she reasons to a decision number 2 she takes of the forbidden fruit she took of its fruit Number 3 she eats it and then in verse 7 sorry the universe 6 she also gave to her husband to the man with her and he ate so it he gave it to she gave it to Adam and interestingly in Genesis 2 It describes the woman as being with him or for him but here it now does so in other words the woman is described in terms of the man in Genesis 3 it's changed it's it's reversed now Eve has taken the leading role she's taken the fruit she's eaten it she's given it to Adam he's eaten it and she takes the initiative and he's described in terms of her she gave to the man with her that's very interesting the total there is a total reversal of roles a total reversal of the principle of creation order leadership that God had established in Genesis to the woman ate the fruit and gave it to the man and he ate it he accepted that change of role and it's interesting we're kind of running out of time here so I'll just skip down to. You know the fact that in verse. 9 when God calls to calls out he calls specifically to Adam. It says in verse 9 the Lord called to Adam or to the man and said to him Where are you and the word you in Hebrew is masculine singular it refers specifically to Adam where are you so god initiate conversation with Adam and this is like an investigative judge and we could go on through each stage of this questioning process and investigation process but at the end then God pronounces the judgment upon Adam and all of this emphasizes the man surrender of his leadership responsibility as the 1st step noticed. When the judgment is pronounced notice what God says this is. In verse 17 because then to Adam he that is God said because you have what he did the voice of your wife and eaten from the tree notice he didn't just say because you've eaten from the tree which I told you not to eat of he he says more than that and it's important that God actually spread with this 1st phrase because you have heeded the voice or obeyed the voice of your wife and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you singular saying You shall not eat of it so rather than obeying God He has listened to and obeyed his wife this is this is the tragic result in Genesis Chapter 3 and then of course the final sentence in verse 19 is pronounced in the sweat of your face you show eat bread to turn to the ground for out of it you were taken for dust you are and to dust you shall return. This is picked up on in the New Testament this role of Adam in Genesis 3 as giving up his role of leadership in the garden by referring to Adam in verse Romans 5 verse 12 through 1 man sin entered the world and it refers in verse 14 to the transgression of Adam in verse 15 by 1 man's offense many died in verse 17 Romans 5 by the 1 man's offense death rained through the 1 verse 18 as through 1 man's offense judgment came to all man and verse 19 by 1 man's disobedience many were made sinner so obviously it's Adam's decision that is here focused on as the key. To. Open the sin into the world and that's why by AS That's why Paul also underscores it again in 1st Corinthians 15 let's just look at that briefly 1st Corinthians 15 verse 21 and 22 it says Paul says for since by man came death by man also came the resurrection of the dead for as in Adam all die even so in Christ all shall be made alive and that's why we call Christ the 2nd Adam. He's referred to as a figure of the 1 who was to come out amiss he's a type of Christ Christ is the new. Kind of initiate a new human race through born of the spirit and redeemed by him so that's why when we believe we are now in Christ rather than in Adam. Notice it does not Paul doesn't refer to Eve at all in those chapters Romans 5 and prescriptions 15 we didn't need a 2nd Eve a 2nd Eve could not save us only a 2nd Adam could save us. I. Just really out of time there's a lot I could say but let me just say 1 thing more the separate roles for Adam and Eve that existed before the fall and this differentiation of roles is not something that the fall created it it was already differentiated before sin and toward and that's shown by the fact that both before the fall and after the fall the roles remain the same the only difference is and I think Elder gala Morris made this point very clearly that sin inflicts pain and suffering it injects as he says pain and suffering into these roles which before held only joy before the fall the man was to tend and keep the garden no problem after the fall he would toil the ground with sweat and thorns and thistles we brought for before the fall the woman would be fruitful and bear children without pain but afterward it would be difficult conception and childbirth would be with pain. Before the fall the man and the woman would have a godly rule over creation Genesis $12628.00 afterward after the fall the man in the woman would struggle to rule over creation it would be a challenge a battle and enmity would be placed between the serpent and the human family. In terms of leadership man as we saw in Genesis 2 was given the leading role and the woman a supportive role afterwards in Genesis $316.00 the woman's desire would be for or it could even be translated against her husband of the man and the man would rule over the woman but that rule is not necessarily negative the same word for rule Michel in Hebrew in Genesis 316 is used of the way the Sun rules over the day and the moon rules over the night so there's nothing evil about that that was instituted by God Nothing wrong with that but the change is the struggle. And the same is true in marriage harmonious before the fall afterward a struggle for rule and subjection of the woman to promote harmony. Patriarchs and prophets page 59 describes it Eve had been perfectly happy by your husband's side in or even home but like restless modern Eves she was flattered with the hope of entering a higher Speer than that which God had assigned her in attempting to rise above her original position she fell far below it a similar result will be reached by all who are unwilling to take up cheerfully their life duties in accordance with God's plan in their efforts to reach positions for which he is not fitted them many are leaving vacant the place where they might be a blessing in their desire for a higher Speer many have sacrificed true womanly dignity and nobility of character and have left undone the very work that heaven appointed them. Those are words that would be good for us to think about in this context Well I have to conclude it's as I said difficult for us to imagine what it's like in the simplest world before the fall in the harmonious relationship that existed between Adam and Eve and between them and God But clearly it was a perfect relationship and a perfect creation order of leadership that was established that was sinful reversed through the fall and through Adam and Eve eating in the Garden of Eden the fruit that God had forbidden these fundamental principles from the Genesis creation account then lay the foundation as we turn to the New Testament and we'll look at that tomorrow at what the New Testament House to say and the rest of the time actually will look at. The plan that God has for men and women in the New Testament and then tomorrow and then 1st Corinthians 1114 we'll look at on Thursday and Friday we'll look at women in the Bible so that kind of sets out the rest of the course that will have the rest of the week I want to leave I think there's maybe time for 1 or 2 questions here in the front My question is Genesis 316 being where it says when God is talking to the woman and he says in pain you shall bring forth children your desires shall be for your husband and then when you look at Genesis 4 verse 7 he's talking to Cain and he is saying. Sin lies at the door and its desire is for you. I guess wondered if you would be able to correlate. Yeah those are very closely related verses actually in Hebrew the construction is almost identical where you have God in Genesis for over 7 encouraging Cain that sin desire is for him but he must rule over it and so the same construction is here in Genesis 316 you're actually it's actually in Hebrew very close you're right. That Eve's desire would be not that there's necessarily any I mean it could be this struggle as I suggested you know the desire for supremacy it's not further defined but there's a hint of that and then. The assurance that he would rule over her not in it wouldn't necessarily need to be a. Kind of subjection or negative sense as I said the word rule Michelle and he were can be neutral or positive and so it depends on whether the man is following Christ as his head that's the ideal and in that kind of ideal situation which we all strive for as as men in the home. Our relationship with our wives would be 1 of harmony and servant leadership. That's really I guess all the time we have I appreciate that question very much I just I see some people moving in getting restless so I don't want to keep any longer Let's just close with. Father in heaven thank you so much for your word and as we delve into it more deeply we see the harmony through and through not only in the chapters of Genesis that we've studied but also in the New Testament and how the New Testament builds on your word in the Old Testament so help us to see through these days more and more clearly your word your role and. Plan for us and how we can relate better to you and to each other we pray dismisses now with our blood your blessing we ask in Jesus name. This media was brought to you by audio force a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse if you would like to listen to more service lead to visit W W W audio verse or.

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