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Colossians 2:16

David Shin


David Shin

Pastor, Hillside O'Malley Seventh-Day Adventist Church in Anchorage, AK



  • October 5, 2019
    12:15 PM
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Father in heaven we thank you for this Sabbath and this opportunity that we have to rest in the assurance that we can't make ourselves holy it is gone who makes us holy We want to rest in that reality today bless us as we open your word and you speak to us when we ask these things in the precious name of Jesus Amen. Today I want to reference back to an illustration that I used last Sabbath to trying to show us the challenge that we have in biblical interpretation for those of you that were here last Sabbath your days I write an e-mail to the hillside O'Malley church in 2019 and the e-mail says we are having haystacks for lunch this Sabbath and if you're joining us and a guest and you're not a part of our community of faith well come just if you know want to know haystacks is a glorified taco salad and that's uniquely known within administering also we're having haystacks for lunch this Sabbath and the community of faith understands what I mean when I say that go forward 2000 years imagine life that long and they're still human life on planet Earth a researcher in 4918. Imagine what life would be like then 4019 is going through the digital archives and comes across this e-mail from an obscure preacher in Southern Maine courage that says we are having haystacks for lunch this Sabbath. There is a lot of room for misinterpretation. Remember one member came to me after church and said This researcher could have come to the conclusion that we study the Book of Daniel don't when Debby can never ate grass for 7 years and so this group ate straw for church on Sabbath stacks of straw and you can see that there is this hermeneutical interpretive challenge in going back 2000 years and trying to understand what I meant when I think that we are having haystacks for lunch this Sabbath now we go to the challenge that we have in interpret ing Paul's letters Paul wrote a pistol's occasional letters to the believers in Corinth and this is known as Corinthians or the believers in f a says no and if visions he also wrote personal letters to Timothy Titus Philemon and they are preserved for us today and we need to go through this process of understanding what it meant 1st so that we can understand what it means today its 1st God's word to them and then it is God's Word to us and so if we go to understanding what it means today without understanding what it mentalistic an example of this in 2nd Corinthians chapter 13 verse 12 the Bible says greet one another with a holy kiss. Now if a person takes this and goes through the interpretive process of trying to understand what it means today what out understanding what it meant in the 1st century and who signs on a Sabbath morning to follow Paul's exhortation to greet everyone with a holy kiss it's going to be a lot of people that come in the front door that's in for a surprise when they're right like what are you doing well Paul said to green one another with a holy kiss well if you go back to try to understand what it meant then it was a form of greeting back then and so the principle would be that we are to engage each other and greet each other in a holy way and so the modern equivalent today would be to greet each other with a holy hug needs to be holy in holy hug or a holy handshake and so that would be the equivalent we need to go through this process now this seems rather innocuous but there is a passage and this is the focus of our study today that has been quite problematic for 7th Day Adventists Sabbath keepers those that uphold the 7th day sabbath it's kolache and chapter 2 verse 16 and this is the only reference in the theological section of the New testament to the Sabbath here it is Colossians to 16 so let no one judge you in food or in drink or regarding a festival or a new moon or Sabbaths Now before we go into our study to understanding what it meant and then understanding what it means I want to read to you some of our evangelical scholars commenting on what they think this means and I would go through them very quickly here this is from Anthony Buzzard the New Testament witness in cautions 216 is powerful against the obligation of Sabbath keeping. This is from Larry half plea one can understand why kolache ns to 16 is the only one of those references that says the Sabbath is not binding he concludes that 7th Day Adventists. Are condemned by the text of kolache ns to 14 through 16. Are a Tory commenting on cautions to 16 says this passage is a death blow to all sex who observe the 7th day sabbath h.-m. Rigol here is a clear positive statement that the Sabbath taken out of the way nailing it to the cross and therefore no one has a right to judge us for its nonobservance this single declaration of Paul's refutes all the theories of sabotage Ariens. And here is Walter Martin the renowned Walter Martin from questions on doctrine. Regarding collages to 16 he says in light of this crypt alone I contend that the argument for Sabbath observance collapse is Allah so here we are now please don't leave at this point stay with me don't be like oh or. But this shows us there are different interpretations of collections to 16 now let's look at it in your own Bible I didn't put it on the screen because I wanted you to read it in your own Bible and let's read a few verses before and a few verses after and get a little bit of the literary context of what Paul is saying here and let's pick it up in collage in chapter 2 verse 8. Beware lest anyone cheats you through philosophy and empty deceit according to the tradition of men according to the basic principles of the world and not according to Christ for in him 12 is all the fullness of the Godhead bodily and you are complete in Him who is the had of all principality and power in him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands by putting off of the body the sins of the flash by the circumcision of Christ buried with him in baptism in which you were also raised with him through faith in working of God who raised him from the dead and you being dead in your trespasses and uncircumcision of your flash he has made to live together with him having forgiven all your trespasses having wiped down the handwriting of requirements that was against us which was contrary to us he has taken it out of the way having nailed it to the cross having dishonored principalities and powers he made a public spectacle of them triumphing over them so or Therefore let no one judge you in food injuring regarding a festival or New Moon or Sabbaths which are a shadow of things to come but the substance is of Christ. You notice that Paul begins his argument by saying you have been circumcised. Spiritually through baptism so you have no need of physical circumcision and then he proceeds with his argument now an important thing to do in understanding any letter because this was written to the church in Colossus a member it's 1st God's word to them then it is God's Word to us and it's like listening to one half of a conversation you're writing he's writing a letter to a specific group a community of faith in the 1st century and he's writing for specific reasons and we can put together the historical context of the early church and some of the issues that they face and this is an important thing to do when you read any of Paul's letters is to put it against the backdrop in the narrative of the book of Acts because it tells you the circumstances that arose in the inception of the early church as we noted in an earlier presentation the early church in Acts Chapter 2 was 99 percent Jewish I would say for all intents and purposes 100 percent Jews. Those people that came to Pentecost were making a pilgrimage from all parts of the world they were Jewish they were they were for the day of Pentecost and the reason why the tongues were so important is because every Jew heard their language from the region which they came in so they had this mass baptism Can you imagine the church goes from 122-3000 in one day and every one of those Now there may be have been a Gentile that slipped in there but I don't think self it was probably all Jewish Ok So 3000 Jews become Christians in one day and the church experiences exponential growth. All of these Christians were circumcised all of these Christians kept the Jewish holidays in fees they were very familiar with the law of Moses and what happened after that because of Paul the church began a radical demographic transition in which Gentiles began to come into the church and the scales begin to tip any time you have and ethnic homogenous group and then other people start coming in it's Ok as long as the there are the minority but once the tip the scales of ethnic population begin to tip in a certain favor there are problems that arise and so in Acts Chapter 15 you can see that the Jewish Christians had a problem with the Gentile Christians and here it is accepted 15 verse one and 5 certain people came down from Judea to Antioch and were teaching the believers unless you are what. This is a radical teaching these are Jewish Christians unless you are circumcised according to the custom taught my Moses you cannot be why you can't be saved these are Jewish Christians going to the Gentile Christians saying look unless you go through a surgical procedure you're not going to make it into heaven. That's heresy heresy and this was a huge issue in the early church the Jewish Christians looked at the gentile christians and says look you're not the real thing you need to prove your fidelity baptisms not enough you need to be circumcised Paul and Barnabas stood up and said that's. Huge issues took place in the church verse 5 says then some of the believers who belong to the party of the Farriss fairy sees became Christians but they held on to some of their early presuppositions they stood up and said the Gentiles must be circumcised hand required to keep the Law of Moses huge issue in the early church and so Paul began writing letters as he was raising churches up in Gen and Gentile churches in Asia Minor the these churches were coming up and there was this constant push by certain Jewish Christians to hold the line of circumcision in the Law of Moses and you can see this in his letter to the Galatians he says it doesn't matter whether we have been circumcised or not why is he writing that because of the context of the early church it doesn't matter whether we have been circumcised or not what counts is that we have been transformed into a new creation Now this was not only a lay issue but it became a leadership issue as well as 2 of the most prominent apostles in the 1st century Paul and Peter went head to head here it is relationship to tuberous 11 through 14 but when Peter came to Antioch I had to oppose him to is face confrontation. For what he did was very wrong when he 1st arrived he ate with gentile believers who were not circumcised but afterwards when some friends of James came Peter wouldn't eat with the Gentiles anymore he was afraid of the criticism from these people who insisted on the necessity of circumcision as a result other Jewish believers followed Peter's hypocrisy and even Barnabas was led astray by their hypocrisy when I saw that they were not following the truth of the gospel message I said to Peter in front of all the others since you a Jew by birth have discarded the Jewish laws and are living like a Gentile What did he mean he was saying look you don't hold yourself to the Mosaic Laws and rituals anymore why are you now trying to make these Gentiles follow the Jewish traditions it was not only a lady issue became a leadership issue and this was a central point of contention in the early church as the demographics went from a Jewish population to a gentile population at the heart of the matter was circumcision and the Law of Moses This is an important historical context for us to understand kolache ns because cautions was not written in a vacuum there was a context to it and like I said it's like you're listening to one half of the conversation you don't know all of the circumstances when you read the Bible in the book of Acts you can put together a biblical reconstruction of the issues that are taking place they were not struggling with whether or not to keep the 7 day holy they were struggling with how to apply Moses is law and specifically circumcision. Now the point that comes up here is the word Sabbath in collage in chapter 2 verse 16 so let no one judge you in food or drink regarding festival or New Moon or Sabbaths when you look at the context of collections 2 this is specifically in relationship to Judy Judaism and Jewish tradition and Mosaic Law Mind you the New Testament had not been written yet it was being written at this time and let's examine the word Sabbath when you look in the Old Testament and analyze the Hebrew Bible the word Shabat occurs 111 times in the Hebrew Bible the Old Testament this was all they had in the 1st century their scriptures were the Old Testament so when the word referred to the word Sabbath the Sabbath had specific connotations and implications so $111.00 times in the Hebrew bout Bible the Hebrew word Shabat occurs in $94.00 cases out of the $111.00 times it refers to the 7th day sabbath. Now how we come to a conclusion as to which Sabbath it is because I go into detail as to the other Sabbath that the worship can refer to is there are certain contextual markers and many times there are markers such as the article the the Sabbath in the Hebrew or my Sabbath. So when the Bible talks about the 7th day sabbath the article that is used and also my God says it is my Sabbath let me give you a couple examples of this the heart of the 10 Commandments written in stone by the finger of God Exodus Chapter 20 verse 8 remember the last Sabbath day to keep it holy 6 days shalt thou labor and do all the work but the 7th day is the Sabbath of the Lord by God This is a marker that comes up repeatedly when you study the 94 cases out of the 111 which the word Sabbath is used also in Exodus Chapter 31 verse 13 you see the possessive pronoun My speak also to the children of Israel saying surely ma Sabbaths you shall keep for it is a sign between you me and you throughout your generations that you may know that I am the Lord who sanctifies you or makes you holy so in review out of the $111.00 cases $94.00 of them refer to the 7th day sabbath and many times there are contextual markers that give us a clue as to which day it is the 7th day sabbath and the the the word the article vi is used or the possessive pronoun my is used. Now. Out of the 111 cases 17 times the Hebrew word is used to reference something else not the 7th day sabbath but it can also refer to sabbatical weeks this is found in Leviticus Chapter 23 verse 15 the weeks between the wave sheaf offering and the day of Pentecost were known as sabbatical weeks. The day of atonement the 7th day of the 10th month in the fall Leviticus Chapter $23.00 verse $32.00 was known as a Sabbath as well and then you had years of Jubilee these were known as sabbatical years this is in Leviticus Chapter 26 for 64 it's interesting when you do a study of these 17 verses in which the word. Refers to something other than the 7th day sabbath that it's prefaced by the word it or your Sabbath or her Sabbath Now remember when we talk about the 7th day sabbath that's referred to as the Sabbath in the Hebrew or my Sabbath but in the 17 cases is referred to a ceremonial Sabbath which is given an indication a marker it's Sabbath your Sabbath or her Sabbath I want to point these out this is the sabbatical years the Year of Jubilee Leviticus Chapter $23.00 verse $34.00 then the land shall enjoy its Sabbath see the difference the 7th day sabbath is my Sabbath God Sabbath or Thus Sabbath but the Year of Jubilee in which the land rest is referred to as its Sabbath as long as the lines desolate you are to you and your enemies the land then the land shall enjoy its rest and its Sabbath. Now here is the reference to the day of atonement the 7th day of the 10th month they can fall on the 1st 2nd 3rd any day of the week but it was to be a Sabbaths rest once a year the Day of Atonement it was a Sabbath rest and notice the word that is used before the word Sabbath it shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest and you shall afflict your souls on the 9th day of the month from evening to evening you shall celebrate your Sabbath you see the difference here gone 7th day sabbath is my Sabbath or the last Sabbath but the damage element is your Sabbath the Year of Jubilee is its Sabbath and here it isn't 2nd Chronicles Chapter 36 verse 21 to fulfill the word of the Lord by the mouth of Jeremiah until the land had enjoyed her sabots as long as she lay desolate she kept Sabbath to fulfill 70 years so this is the sabbatical that the land of Israel took during the 7 years of captivity under the Babylonians now in review in 17 out of $111.00 times it refers to something other than the 7th day sabbath and there are certain contextual markers it's referred to as it Sabbath her Sabbath or your Sabbath and this is the summary I give here on the screen in the question is which one is kolache in chapter 2 verse 16 referring to is it gone Sabbath my sadness thus Sabbath or is it your Sabbath and this is important for us to consider because kolache in Chapter 2 was not written in a vacuum is written to a specific situation specific circumstance and so my point simply is this when we read the works Sabbath in kolache ns to we can't automatically assume that this is the 7 they set out with. Because a study and exhaustive study of the Old Testament reveals that not every time the word Sabbath this refer to is the 7th they Sabbath it can refer to a ceremonial Sabbath the nan you'll Sabbath a weekly sabbath or a Sabbath rest on the Day of Atonement now. It's interesting because in collage in chapter 2 verse 16 there are there's a triad that emerges here that Paul used he says so let no one judge you in food drink or in festival or New Moon or sabots he lists these 3 in a specific order Festival New Moon or Sabbaths Now let me touch on the new moon this one is not in controversy at all every month with the with the change of the moon with the new moon that emerges there was a burnt offering in sacrifices that took place once a month in the Jewish calendar it was the Festival of the new moon now the term festival here is a unique term and in order to understand this you have to look at the Book of Exodus to understand specifically in a narrow sense the way that festival was used in the Hebrew mind and you find it here in Exodus Chapter 24 verses 14 through $163.00 times a year you are to celebrate what. A festival to me so in the Jewish calendar these were 3 feet 3 festivals that were separated from the rest celebrate the festival of Unleavened Bread Passover celebrate the festival of harvest with the 1st fruits of the crops you sow in the field the 1st fruits celebrate the festival in gathering Tabernacles at the end of the year when you gather in your crops from the field 3 times a year all the men are to appear before the sovereign Lord these were unique feasts they were a joyous celebration and they were the 3 feet in the Jewish calendar that every male in Israel was required to make a pilgrimage to the temple These were different than all the rest this was different than the Day of Atonement this was a joyous occasion that all males in Israel had to make a pilgrimage to the Temple in this case Jerusalem and this is a scholar New International Dictionary of Old Testament theology next a-g. says that backs up Exodus Chapter $25.00 it says the term festival hog is used to refer to 3 annual Israelite festivals the feast of booze Passover unleavened bread and feast of firstfruits that required making a pilgrimage to the Temple in Jerusalem now you may be wondering all what's the big deal in regards to the festival and feast the point is when the work when the term festival is used for me in Jewish perspective it referred in a narrow sense to 3 of the annual festivals it did not refer to the day of atonement. These were celebrate Tory fees and so when when Paul says festival and when you cross reference it with the Old Testament he could be and I believe very specifically referring to these 3 Jewish we feast referred to in the Book of Exodus. Now in summer and the term festival refers to 3 joys celebrate to a pilgrimage feast in Jerusalem or in the Jewish annual calendar festival of Unleavened Bread Passover festival of in gathering which was 1st fruits festival of Harvest which was Boots note the term festival did not refer to the Day of Atonement which was considered the Sabbath of self-examination and afflicting your soul in Leviticus Chapter 23 verse 32 now it's interesting because when you look at Paul's writings he paraphrased much of the Old Testament but he specifically like in the book of Romans quotes from the book of Hosea. Now when you look at Hosea chapter 2 verse 11 it's interesting because Hosea says I will stop all her celebrations referring to Israel in other words there will come a day in which all of the festivals and feast will come to an end and notice what he says after that there is going to come a day when all the festivals come to an end and notice the earlier that Hosea Lewis the festivals here they are. Yearly festivals. Or New Moon and her Sabbath days all are appointed feast. Festivals Now we noted in an earlier slide that there was a distinction between her sabots and my sabots memory that. And so judging by an exhaustive study of the ways she bought was used in the Old Testament you can know that here Hosea is not referring to the 7th day sabbath he's referring to the ceremonial Sabbath her Sabbath he didn't say my Sabbath or does Sabbath he said her Sabbath so it's interesting because right here Hosea gives a list in order surprisingly similar I'd say identical to caution Zz 2 of festivals new moons and her Sabbath days now what emerges here is what they call an inverted parallelism a form of Hebrew writing structure is this I will stop all or celebrations her yearly festivals annual pilgrimage feast the 3 that we noted her new moons the monthly fees her Sabbath days which were the annual ceremonial Sabbath this was a form of Hebrew writing and there's other examples in the book of Hosea where he doesn't inverted parallelism so so here Hosea goes and you will monthly annual inverted parallelism parallelism for nearly festivals annual pilgrimage feast her new moon monthly fees her Sabbath days annual ceremonial sabots. You cannot deny from reading a Hosea chapter 2 verse 11 that he's referring specifically to ceremonial soundness and he goes in a structure and you won't monthly annual This is the way the Hebrew mind worked in parallelism Now Paul was that you. He was a theologically trained you that quoted from the book of Hosea specifically in the book of Romans so he was familiar with this book I want you to notice the uncanny similarity to Colossians 2 here it is he has taken it out of the way having nailed it to the cross I was in chapter 2 there will come a day when all the festivals and peaceful seas has taken it out of the way having nailed it to the cross so let no one judge you in food drink regarding Festival New Moon or Sabbaths exact same order as Hosea Chapter 2 Festival New Moon or Sabbaths Now some people may say How do you know that Paul used inverted parallelism like the Hebrews did in the Old Testament because he used it in his writing specifically in the same chapter of Colossians 2 Here's another example just a few verses later Paul uses inverted parallelism here do not touch cannot take sed do not handle. And don't touch some translations say Do Not Touch do not taste Do not touch Ok so this is inverted parallelism where the parallels the 1st part with the last part with the middle in between and here the biblical evidence supports this reality that Paul in collage in chapter 2 verse 14 through 16 is not talking about the 7th day sabbath but he's talking about her Sabbath a ceremonial Sabbath he's using inverted parallelism here a festival or New Moon or Sabbaths a festival the alkie annual pilgrimage fees or New Moon the monthly fees or sabots the annual sabots in other words because of Jesus we don't have to keep the festivals feast or Sabbath days any more and in the context of the book of Acts this makes perfect sense. Now there's another term here that gives away what Paul is talking about and it's in caution chapter 2 verse 14 it says having wiped out the handwriting of the requirements that was against us he has taken it out of the way having nailed it to the cross so let no one judge you in food drink regarding festival or New Moon or Sabbaths the term against us is a direct quote from Deuteronomy Chapter 31 here it is Deuteronomy Chapter 31 take this book of the law and put it is beside the Ark of the covenant of the Lord your God that it may be there as a witness against you. Paul says the requirements that was against the people was nailed to the cross and in Deuteronomy Chapter 31 verse 26 it says the Law of Moses was against the people a direct quote of Deuteronomy Chapter 31 What was against the people the Law of Moses and then he says Let no one judge you in food drink sabbath days and so forth the ceremony of Sabbath Now it's interesting this is a photograph from a science mansion which came a few weeks ago and look at this replica of the Ark of the covenant it remember in Deuteronomy Chapter 3126 it said that the blog this was placed where beside the Ark of the coveted and look at this replicate here on the screen you notice behind me that is a replica of the scroll blob Moses and notice this location it is placed at the side of the Ark beside the ark notice what's inside the ark the 10 Commandments and what is the 10 Commandments written on stone what is Moses is law written on it's a scroll the difference in material is notable and also where is the location of the 7th day sabbath the Sabbath my Sabbath as in God Sabbath isn't on paper or is it on stone its on stone inside the ark where are the ceremonial sabots on the paper this distinction we cannot overlook which was of a passing nature and was against the people it was most this is law and what was the controversy in the early church it was about circumcision and Moses Law. So let no one judge you in food drink festival the Alamo annual pilgrimage feast New Moon the monthly fees or sabots annual sabots such as The Day of Atonement and the Bible goes on verse $17.00 Paul writes which are a shadow of things to come but the substance is of Christ now this is not indicating that the Law of Moses casts a shadow but notice the whole term it says a shadow of things to come in the original this is literally foreshadowing. Foreshadowing is an indication of future events and that's exactly what the annual ceremony and feast did so Passover foreshadowed the crucifixion the unleavened bread poor shadow of Christ in the grave the 1st fruits the resurrection you can go down through the annual fees Jesus has fulfilled is fulfilling all will fulfill them all every one of the annual fees is a foreshadowing of what Jesus has done is doing and will do and Paul says look we don't have to keep these annual festivals and feast anymore the substance is of Christ they are for shadowing praised the Lord that 3 times a year we don't have to get a flight to Jerusalem Hey man I man that's expensive especially from Alaska you know it's to grow all the way over there for this annual program pilgrimage Paul says look that's been nailed to the cross we don't have to keep those anymore they were handwriting of ordinances that was against the people and I want to close with this illustration because some people may be like a what's the practical application and here is a photograph of a sculpture of Aristotle one of the most renown and seminal philosophers in Greek thinking Aristotle 300 years before the time of Christ maybe you've heard this illustration before noted that a spider is an insect with 6 legs and for 2000 years no one bothered to count spiders are accessible to everyone not just Aristotle 2000 years now think about the implications of that 2000 years from 300 b.c. all the way up to the year 7900 to 7900 where a gentleman by the name of Lamarck had the audacity. To check Aristotle. Ah here's a Spider let me count and let's do 812345678 can you imagine that Aristotle was wrong the point is this Let no authority or scholar be a replacement for your own personal examination of scripture Amen just like we have access to spiders we have an access to the Word of God right examined for yourself don't trust me and your man you will hear me say that very much but anyway. What I mean is don't take my word for it I could be leading you all astray go examine for yourselves and here it is be a burglary in Sam in the Bible for yourself this is this is a remarkable text Acts Chapter 17 verse 11 now the Berean Jews who are more noble character than those in Beslan Nika for they received the message with great eagerness now who are they receiving this from Paul if Paul gives you a Bible study that's pretty. That's pretty compelling. I would be inclined to need to check that out I could come up just just just bring it on this tell me more but with these periods had the audacity to be heard from Paul and then they went back to the scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true. And Paul says look these are more noble This is the Protestant heritage the biblical heritage that we all have don't take any persons authority above your own personal examination of Scripture a man. Let us go to the Word of God for ourselves and study if these things are so I want to challenge you whether it's this topic or any topic go to the Word of God Amen Let's bury heads as we pray Father in heaven we thank you that we have a shorter word and we thank you that we can study the Word of God for ourselves that it's accessible in so many forms what a day that we can live in what a privilege it is that we can read the Bible help us father to read to study to meditate on your word to study to show ourselves approved unto God rightly dividing the word of truth from us these things in the precious name of Jesus a man this media was brought to you by audio verse a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse if you would like to listen to more servant leader visit w w w audio verse or.


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