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The Parable of the Flower Part 1

Michelle Lesher


The objective of this class is to equip you with details on how you can successfully grow flowers in early spring, summer and fall. Michelle will be sharing her favorite flower varieties and other tips she has learned through her farming experience. Whether you are just starting out with growing flowers or you have gown them for years, you will enjoy this class full of so much lover for flowers.


Michelle Lesher

Registered Dietitian and Registered Nurse


  • January 15, 2020
    8:15 AM
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To have the father we are so grateful to be here today together in this place we know that you have provided all the resources for us to be able to do this and Lord we know that you created the flowers that you have sustained the flowers through all the sin and difficulty that have been in this world since it was introduced you preserve them for us to enjoy and were so grateful for that so I pray that you would help me to glorify you in this presentation and thank you in Jesus' name amen. So I'm doing the 3 hours seasonally we're going to start with spring flowers then we're going to go into summer flowers and then we're going to go into the fall. And then the very last class will be how to make bouquets and sort of more about a little bit more about like marketing the flowers so the theme here knows the theme of the conference yes a living parable so parables are pretty amazing things there not just for young people but they're for adults too we we continue to learn in the garden so much every day so Larry and I have been farming for 13 years I'll give just a small interjection. When Larry and I 1st met neither one of us were Christians and the Lord brought us together we were married in a Sunday keeping church and then we met Adventist I was going to graduate school in Seattle Washington and that is where Larry 1st interned on a farm and through the process of a wonderful testimony the Lord introduced us too. 7th Day Adventist beliefs in doctrine so are God's truth however you want to say it. The reason why I tell you that is because all these many years of farming we never grew flowers I toyed with like some mix you know just a pollinators and I put them out and it was great I've planted sunflowers maybe one or 2 times but the the whole time Larry was working as a farmer I was a nurse and a dietician so I was what I would do is I would work 40 hours a week and as soon as I came home I would work on the farm as much as possible which would be about 24 hours a week or something like that so the Lord blessed us and I've been full time farming for 2 years now so we've been growing flowers for 3 years and the flowers have been such a blessing and our production on the farm it's actually really boosted our income to the the degree that we are fully sustainable now we do it as a full time job the both of us at home so that is such a blessing so our desire is to share with you all the values in farming and gardening and the flowers who here knew that Ellen White loved flowers did anyone know that has anyone read that instead of prophecy she talks about the flowers such a cool thing I have just a couple quotes here just to kind of get our mind set in the right place so this is a Spirit of Prophecy quote from review or herald Herald in Review June 1871 Part 2 it says our flower gardens are now repaying us for the attention and labor we have bestowed upon them the flowering shrubs that live through winter. Are many of them pleasing To i by putting out their buds and blossoms the seeds we have carefully put into the earth are making their appearance while others are thirsting for the gentle showers to awaken them to life all of the beautiful beautiful in nature seems to be upon a strife to see which can vibe with the other in contributing to our pleasure and happiness by their buds and blossoms of every Hugh this really spoke to me because flowers are easier to grow than produce and I feel like she's kind of saying this a little bit in this. This message and I'll go into that a little bit more here as we continue on this reading is from 7 l t m s. And it's $92.89 Part 3. Letters to ministers thank you 7 letters to ministers l t 9 to 892 part 3 I think our location is favorable we have a house separate from other houses we have a large garden abounding with flowers when we come here for months 4 months ago the whole place about one acre of land was grown up to tall weeds in the garden everything except the geraniums were dead the girls went to work in the garden pulling weeds making flower beds sowing seeds for vegetables. It was very dry so we bought a hose and Marion was chief in the flower garden. With water the flowers spring up Dahlia is the richest beauties are in full bloom. The food floor ish I never saw them blossom as they do here the drain iyam Lady Washington's any men's bunches of the richest colors to delight the eye now the geraniums have mostly ceased to bloom but the chrysanthemums are in their glory I never saw all such abundance or great variety they are just beautiful Marian has an exercise and something to call her out and it has done her good there's so many principles in this quote that really spoke to me so one is everything was covered and we nothing was blooming except what she say the geraniums it's really true this flowers are pretty amazing things that a lot of times things fail and the flowers seem to persevere She also talks about how Marion going out to exercise really did her well and this is a personal testimony of mine in my background I struggle with depression sometimes in the flowers really help to make you feel better partially because you're outside you're in the fresh air in your exercising partially because if you just look here at these beautiful flowers how can you not be joyful because they're so amazingly made they're so detailed the colors are so beautiful and it really just warms your heart to think about how God created these for us to enjoy So just remember Ellen why I really liked flowers so how flowers feed the soul. This is Larry holding a bucket of my favorite flowers they're called renown Kulas and you see this semi smile happening right here. He's holding it back but he can barely hold it back because those flowers are so pretty. Larry enjoys the flowers too and it's been such a blessing on our farm to have them so what is a parable. So I thought it was pretty neat I just googled it oh you know one thing I forgot to mention I'm really sorry I forgot to mention this all of my sides are available on the Agra website so if you were to go there right now there's a on the menu bar it says handouts 2020 and those are my lectures so they're all available there you can download them there or look at your phone while we're going through it or just I thought it would be better not to print them off for 2 reasons to save some trees and also because I think we engage better instead of flipping through notes just so you'll know all the notes will be there for you to download afterwards so don't feel like you have to frantically take notes about what I have on the slides because you can easily download them afterwards sorry I didn't mention that before. So I looked this up I just googled to find parable Oxford Dictionary a simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson as told by Jesus in the gospel is not a lot of definitions in Oxford that say Jesus and I thought. So this picture here don't do you Kathy that picture there we look pretty genuinely happy in that picture that's my mother that's my brother who my mom and him were separated when he was 3 years old and they got reunited this year in October and that is how happy we all are in front of the flowers because the flowers have a part in this whole story so if you want to know the testimony asked me later I'll go into it but flowers. Bring people together in a very special way so when I think of parables in the garden you can go you know pretty simple or you can go deep and your understanding of these things so when I pick flowers I think about how uniquely and wonderfully we all are made every flower is different every single flower is unique and different they're not going to be one flower that's a carbon copy of another ever and the other thing that I see every day I will go out and harvest a bunch of flowers and I think I won't have enough for the next day and I go out there and do you know there's just as many the next day these flowers the more you pick them the more they grow with some of the varieties and will go into that So to think. It's every day there's new beauty growing and we can apply that to our lives you know we want to we want to constantly be growing we don't want to be still we don't want to think we know everything and we don't need to learn anything else spiritually Oh I've got all the doctrines I know all the things I don't need to grow or know any more well we will always be growing and learning new things. And the relationships I touched on how flowers not only with family have really just improved my life but also with our farmers market customers and we'll go into that more too and the health principles Ellen White brought that out in the quote about exercise being outside in the garden you know if we think about it who was the 1st gardener. Just throw it out there who was a 1st gardener. Ok so this is so profound in Genesis 2 it says the Lord God planted a garden eastward and even so that means technically God was the 1st gardener because some things it says in the Bible he spoke it but this said God planted it and we know if God was a gardener and he made Adam and Eve the 1st gardeners on this earth is their job that tending to a garden is really where we're meant to be so. There's so many health principles in the garden. So some of the reasons why we incorporated flowers into our farm so for those that missed it we're predominantly a vegetable farm and I'll go into more details about that but we started growing flowers 3 years ago and once we started at the farmers' market we put the flowers there with all the produce and you would not believe how much it attracts people people love flowers they stop in their tracks and say What is that it's so beautiful I've never seen anything like that and so it brings joy and beauty to the farmer's market in the booth The other benefit is it's going to attract pollinators to your beer garden it's going to bring the bees in the butterflies and all the good bugs that we want to see in the garden. And the ones that we hear buzzing around the bumble bees and all those wonderful things that we we hear in the garden too that attracts all those things. It brought to us a whole new customer base that we did not even know it would do we have been farming in our area now for 7 years we have a good customer base and it brought a whole new group of people to our table that now also buy produce from us because they're coming for the flowers and then they get the produce and I continue to say this because it's true it's our experience anyway they're easier to grow than produce Now I don't want to ever discourage you from growing food because that is necessary to have both we need the balance of both because we need to feed the body and the heart. But there are areas of our fields that don't grow food that well that we will grow flowers in so keep that in mind. Tell me here is anyone here ever never grown a flower raise your hand if you've never grown a flour. So just a few people so and most everyone else has tried it. A little bit at least which is great so you all have some a little bit of an experience with it a couple of you don't and so I'm hopeful what this lecture will do is encourage you to plant a flower seed whether it's a sunflower seed or whatever it is that you want to try this next season. So now I'm going to go into spring flowers and this spring flowers are really unique because a lot of them you plant in the fall and then you let them winter over they tend to need a little bit more protection and it can be a little bit more complicated so as we go into this 1st section it might feel like there's no way I can do this because there's way too much involved just keep in mind this is to get early flowers so it takes a little bit more kind of tools to do that but as we transition into the summer flowers they're much much easier so don't get discouraged if you feel like I don't have the resources to do all this it doesn't mean that you have to I just want to do it seasonally for spring and summer and fall so just keep that in mind some of the benefits of growing a spring flower is the early income that it draws into the farm. People are really hungry for flowers in the spring and so when you bring flowers to the table in the spring it just it attracts a lot of people and it's just nice to have something growing that early we have a hard time on our farm growing spur spring crops because we get a lot of rain in the spring and the flowers have been really amazing at kind of supplementing our income. There's a lot less weeding that takes place with spring flowers because you're planting them in the fall they're wintering over and then you're harvesting them so there's minimal weeding taking place because it's kind of growing in the colder season so you don't have a lot of these weeds coming up. And then if they're perennials a lot of the flowers that are perennials you don't have to read seed so you plant them once you kind of forget about them and then guess what they come back the next year and it's just the gift that keeps on giving and some flowers you have to dig up and replant but some you can keep in the ground and we'll go over that too and so that's some reasons why we grow the spring flowers so this is the zone map it is important to know what zone you live in so you kind of have an idea of what can grow and how and timing and all that and in the end here I'm going to give you all resource of my telephone number and my email because we are here to help anyone with anything they need help with to encourage you to grow flowers so if you have a question whether it's a simple question or a difficult question you can email me or text me or call me and that's what I had as a resource we have Mennonite neighbors that do flowers for a living and I cannot tell you how many times I called her when I was 1st starting out with little questions can you put this flower in the cooler Do you pinch this flower back how is the spacing on this flower and she answered the phone every time and she help me every time and I'm willing and able to do that for anyone as well because that's what you need in the beginning there's a lot of questions a lot of unknowns so. Just remember that so the zone that we grow in is 6 and Florida is an 8 to 10 depending on what part of Florida you're in so as we're talking through some of this stuff just remember we're sick we're talking about preventing zone 6 growth growth. And a lot of it can be tweaked to fit your your zone your temperatures own so these are the cool weather spring flowers that we grow where none Kulas and then I mean this Narcissus are also known as daffodils poppies snapdragons and straw flower. So I had to start with my favorite flower right you have to start with your favorite This is my favorite flower This is called or a nun Kayla and it's so funny because my mom has been trying to pronounce this ever since. She still has our dog she's run number. So they have the funniest name it's an Italian specialty flower they also have varieties that come out of France and we were introduced to these by our Mennonite neighbors and when I 1st saw it I just fell in love with it it's a wonderful flower it's a little tricky to grow but we have been successful at it so we're going to share with you what we've learned and growing these flowers so they're just beautiful. So they are annual zzz technically it's kind of a little tricky some climates people talk about keeping them in the ground and then coming back up We've had volunteers come back up before however the. Nunc un and then to me would be called an industry a lot of them are patented so you can't legally keep it and grow it again they kind of require that you purchase their called corms I'll show you a picture of them not all of them are patented but a lot of them are so you have to keep that in mind and just know which ones you're growing whether or not you can save the core and replant it or just buy new ones every year so there's 2 types of planting for them you can plant them in the fall they like a cold snap and then they'll bloom in the spring or you can plant them in the spring so my understanding is the difference is if you plant them in the fall you're going to get more flowering they have a longer time to establish and grow if you plant them in the spring you the work you're just not going to get as many flowers. So I put here and like I said for anyone that just walked in all my slides are going to be downloadable there right now on the Agora website so don't feel like you have to write every single detail down because you'll be able to access this so these are the 2 companies that we order from the for the Italian varieties it's a Glock nurture at the flower Bolds I'm sorry awnings is the Italian variety so if you want the Italian varieties it's awnings and then for the Glaucon or at the flower bulbs as for the ones out of France. So this little flower you're going to get a core um and you have to presoak it and priest sprout it and I'm going to show you videos on that. This talks about the planting you're going to plant them 6 you can do it 6 to 9 inch spacing and this is where when you're looking stuff up on the Internet you're going to get ranges a lot of times it'll say 6 to 12 inch spacing 6 to 9 and spacing and you're thinking yourself which one is it is it 6 or is it 9 and you kind of just play around with it a lot of times. A lot of times you can make things a little tighter like we tend to go for the lower end of things to pack more in and that usually works with flowers we do. 6 inch spacing with 5 rows per bed. What. So our beds are a 4 inch bed top I'm sorry 4 foot 4 foot bed talk that's why he's here to help with a 4 foot bed top so we do 5 rows per bed 6 inch spacing between them in the row. So protection is necessary for these in the zone 6 we have them in a greenhouse with row cover over room. We're going to talk about the harvesting these store very well in a cooler one of the best things about the vernacular is that they will last for about 2 weeks in a vase you pick them when they're very tight if you can remember what this one looks like it starts up pretty tight like that you pick it and it will slowly open in the vase and even when it starts to wane it's really pretty so you can sometimes even get more than 2 weeks out of them in a vase and they're very high demand flower very high demand. So this is what they look like when you get them in the mail can you believe that makes that beautiful flower. So they come in these bags and you get them and they kind of look like little bunches of bananas and you're thinking how in the world is that going to grow that flower. So you have to presoak them so this next video is showing you the buckets you have to kind of. You can't hear it anyway you have to. So we buy at the store the bubblers that you put in a fish tank and you put them make sure you label them when you put them in the bags because you want to make sure to know the variety name and you're going to be soaking them anywhere from 8 to 12 hours depending on if it's an enemy or an ocular there is a little bit difference there so. You see how plump They look here of this far right picture that's after they've soaked and they're ready to be priests proud it so this is the soaking process they need bubblers going on in this while you're soaking them because they need oxygen flow kind of brings them to life oxygen helps to bring them to life and also prevents rotting So you want to make sure the other method you can do if you don't have the bubblers they're pretty inexpensive to get but if you don't have them as you can do like continual water dripping like if you put the bucket in the sink like some kind of. Sink or something and just have the water flowing that's another way you can do it so you want to make sure they're nice and plump that's what they look like and then you put them into we put them in 1020 flats with our mixture we do coconut coir. Perlite and for make you light and you put that soap Corum in the trays and then after about 10 days it's going to look like this this is slightly too much there sprouted just weren't we pushed everything to the edge we're always like to late in doing things so they look a little over sprouted and they are a little it just makes for a little bit harder to plant because those roots are so long you have to dig a bigger hole it's not going to hurt the plant it just is a lot faster process and planting if you let them just just barely sprout and then you don't have to mess with all those long roots but if it's like this again it's fine you just have to dig deeper hole so that those roots can go in there so that's what they look like once they're pretty spread out and we're starting to plant them so. I'm very very blessed to have a husband that is very supportive of the flowers it takes support and help from the whole family to make this work so and again if you don't have a lot of support because sometimes this might be a new thing for people and maybe not everyone in the families on board yet then I'm your support person and I will help to encourage you and help you to get it going because once they're growing everyone is going to love them and i'll just a little testimony at 1st Larry was not on board Can you believe that. So he was farming vegetables I said I want to grow flowers he says well you can't eat a flower even though we know there's edible flowers out there. He said I could grow the edible far as I said I want to grow old you know these flowers and so he said Wall gave you this spot here to grow the flowers and honestly it was one of the worst spots on the whole farm and I said great you know all of all do it so I planted them and they grew and he was kind of like well they actually grow in that bad it was a spot that didn't drain well and they still grew so then we go to farmer's market and we decided to have this policy where we give one bouquet away a market and I was I would be very mindful of our customers I would really watch and I'll never forget some of these stories one mom you could just tell she was struggling she had her little one with her she was picking out flowers for a bouquet and I wrapped it and I gave it to her and she's like how much to you I said you can just have it and she just started leaping. And I had that story several times where people would just start weeping when I gave them flowers and Larry said to me I have given a lot of tomatoes away and no one has ever cried. Ever he's like there's something about these flowers that were growing and ever since then he has been fully on board but it wasn't like that 1st so we need the support to just get it going and once you see how much they will bless you in your life and your family everyone will be on board you can't look at this beauty here you can't really deny the beauty of those flowers so just remember we're here to encourage and help you and I mean that with people think you're going to give everyone your phone number yes I'm going to give everyone my phone number because we're we're able to do that so this is what it looks like Larry built me a flower greenhouse for the 1st time this year well we'll talk about the bill the one before but it blew away so this is our 2nd flower greenhouse and I just wanted to show you a picture of the greenhouse and then how we cover it with row cover so this is just part of the process with Ron Kulas they like it cold they like it around $40.00 to $50.00 degrees if they get too hot they don't like it so on a winter day and the sun is out you have to go out there and open the greenhouse and uncover cover back up of it's going to be colder than that at night it's a big task because we're constantly covering in uncovering through the winter if you don't do that they will they won't do well so like right now we have a young lady at our farm we're paying her to open and close our greenhouses while we're gone because it's that important this is what they look like as little plants and I've got a few videos here of harvesting them so this is me walking through this is last year we grow a lot of different colors and. Last year was my best year so far this will be going into my 3rd year of growing them yeah 3rd year of growing them so we're really excited about it. So just a few a little bit just to show you the different colors there's so many different colors there are solid colors there striped ones my favorite is that white one that has like a green center to it. And so we'll talk a little bit more about marketing the flowers too you know florist are doing them at farmer's market only but I just want to show you with the 2nd video here how long the stems are because long stems are really great for florist forests like long stem and they're also long stems are great too for making bouquets So my favorite part of the day is going out to pick the flowers Larry has to get me and say come on a major help with the tomatoes and the lettuce and the potatoes stop picking flowers. So I just wanted to give you a little overview of our experience with them so our 1st year growing them which would have been planting and 17 in the fall in the season of 18 would have been the harvest we had in a small Caterpillar tunnel they did just fine in there we had a caterpillar tunnel with Roe cover inside of it we grew about $450.00 of them and I sold every single stem that I grew and you sell them for $3.00 a stem in our area. And the 2nd year because we did so well we decided to boost it up to about a 1000 so I have to tell you the testimony of the flower greenhouse so. The for the 2nd year Larry built me a greenhouse we had the 1000 Flowers in there and they were growing wonderfully and were sitting in the living room one afternoon it was in February and I hear this terrible noise I run outside this entire greenhouse was lifted up by the wind twisted it looked like a d.n.a. string in all the metal and slammed on the ground every single piece of Larry built by hand he drilled each hole the bent each pole it was destroyed and I was in shock and would you believe it every single flower was Ok that was inside of there not a single flower got damaged it picked it up twisted it and slammed it down next to it so he quickly put a makeshift Caterpillar tunnel over them and we had the best harvest we had had despite the green. So this is an amazing thing is a testimony to God and how he sustains things for us of the mist of difficulty so because we did so well we are going for bigger and Oculus this year because they're my favorite flower we're growing 2700 of them in this greenhouse and we will look forward to sharing with you all how they do. When you call me in April and have questions I'll tell you how they're doing so here's just a few pictures so like I said they last about 2 weeks in a vase you pick them when they're really tight and then they will just slowly open. So I'm going to go into an enemy's now and this is going to go a little bit quicker because they're very similar to an uncle was and how you pretty spread out so pretty spread out plan spacing all these things are really the same this is actually I'm going to carefully pass this around because I want everyone to see to see feel it close up so they can see what the flowers are like. So Tara's brought them for me she Grossman on collision and then Emmys and she lives in a climate in Tennessee that's a little bit warmer so they tend to want to come on a little bit early especially when our weather so crazy like this when we have these really warm days. They want to push open so the enemies tend to do that a little bit more even than the renown Kilis so they're so beautiful and like a c. and then to me they open and close with the light so that's kind of where they get their name. So I want to show you all too to think about this leaf set here one of the tricks I've learned with harvesting them is you're going to know it's it's a younger flower if the leaf set is higher up and then it means are ones that you really want to pick every day because they're kind of hard to tell when they're an older flower or a younger flower but you can often look at that leaf set and if that leaf set is kind of farther down on the flower bloom then that can tell you that it's a little bit older of a flower. So again really all of these things are the same as the. As far as ordering them the soaking increased crowding in the protection in the harvest the only major difference is I feel like you have to be a little more aggressive with picking the enemies you really want to make sure it's a younger flower it will last longer that way with the or Nunky was you can just tell easier because the flower is going to be a tighter bloom so it's a little bit easier to tell so are an enemy story is not as successful as hard enough kill a story it's interesting because I've talked to many flower farmers and they're telling me and then to me is are our ways are to grow them or us and our experience has been the total opposite we have really struggled with the enemies the are not Kilis seem to do well for us. We have trouble in the pre soaking and prescribing phase a lot of them rot for us so there's we tried getting different water because we have hard well water we thought maybe that was the problem I tried to soak them less one year and I think it actually made more wrought happen because if you don't soak them enough to kind of make them alive then they don't start the process of priest sprouting and I think what I did the 2nd here. And you see here we decided to go to grow a 1000 and I lost about 3 fourths of the crop from rotting and I think it's because I didn't soak them long enough believe it or not so there's some sort of a learning curve for us here still with the and then Timmy's So this is the tricky part about flour farming you're going to hear so many different things and it's really hard because I've looked up on line some say 6 to 8 hours of soaking for an enemies for as I say 12 I've tried it the less amount and I actually had more wrought than the longer so it's hard because this is where really having someone to call is helpful because we've tried it and we can tell you what we've tried so you don't have to like go through a lot of the things that we had to go through to try to figure some of the stuff out I personally think there's this happy soaking time there the 1st year that you had such success how long did you so come. Right so what she's saying is so the corms that you saw for the uncle was do you see how they went from that dried looking thing to the more plumped up looking thing the enemies they don't look like little bunches of bananas and so they look like little round kind of prunes and so they're real shriveled up so they're not going to plump up as much so you don't see as big a difference so I think we're where we're comparing where none of us with an enemies are actually different and how they look in the prescribing and soaking process and then they also do for different hours so we're not healers you're going to sew for longer with that bubble or and she's also saying that maybe the and then unease need more air ration they're a little more susceptible to Roddy So you want to make sure that their air rating very well so. Sometimes too in life and in gardening certain things just do not work for you some things work really well for you and sometimes we can figure out why so working sometimes we can't and so it's Ok to say you know what we're not grow great for us so we're going to really hone in on this thing that works great and maybe we're going to just either table the enemies until we have time to really figure that out or we're just going to do a less amount of them we want to have a little bit of a different flower but we're not going to invest that much money in it if we keep having failure so that something in or you might be the type of person that's like no I'm going to keep trying and I'm going to figure out what's wrong and I'm going to make it work so it's kind of just where you're at so for us because we have a lot of things going on the farm we just decided to do less of them we're going to just do more because the ridicule is work better for us and so we can you know figure out what is really the issue we're just going to order a smaller amount I'm going to keep trying because I would like to figure out what that happy soak time is for us so this year we ordered $500.00 and I lost about $125.00 so we're still doing the best we've ever done as far as that goes. But still not where I'd like to be so next we're going to talk about the daffodils are the narcissus and this is a bouquet bunches that I made that had the ring on kilos and the daffodils mixed together which I thought look so pretty they come on around the same time Bernanke of those are going to come on a little bit earlier but they they oftentimes complement each other will be coming on around the same time so our 1st year ever doing the perennial folds was just 2 years ago and you're going to plant these in the fall. He may have to protect the blooms if you start getting flowers and then you know a frost is coming and there's actually flower buds on there that you can see the petals you might have to cover those to protect them to get those. I'll talk to you there's also a great way to store daffodils when they're just starting to open but other than that you're going to plant these cover that with the dirt and when they have the little green sprouts Coming up it's fine in a frost it's not going to hurt them it really just hurts them when the flowers actually starting to to Bud So you want to harvest them when they're not fully bloom they call it slightly nodding or gooseneck the kind of looks like a little hook and that will give it a longer base life too so some flowers you can you can pick them before they're fully open and they will open in a vase other flowers you can't do that you have to wait until they're fully open and we'll go into that in the next presentation so. Anyone here ever harvest the garlic scape. So you harvest these like that if you want to get a really long stem you kind of slowly pool at the very bottom and it will like pop and the there's like this much of a stem under the ground that will come out with it so it'll give you a nice long stem so practice it with your wild daffodils for those either have them growing everywhere. Just slowly pull at it and it kind of pools that stem that's under the ground out. And there isn't an that comes out of the bottom of the daffodil Anyone ever notice that like a white substance so I learned from flower flower or other flower farmers that if you put that in a bucket with other flowers that is will actually kill the other flowers so you have to harvest them separately in a separate bucket and then they call it conditioning you leave it in that bucket for 2 to 3 hours then you can add it with other flowers and that's fine you can't then re cut it though so if you have a making bouquets then I have to make sure that my daffodil stems are about the size I want them condition them and then I can add them with other flowers and put them in water together does that make sense and then. For storage they do store well in the cooler and you can dry store daffodils So there are certain flowers that you can store in a cooler without water peonies is another one so what you do is you harvest them when they're in the gooseneck phase So imagine this is the bloom of the flower the bud it's not open it's just starting to open maybe see a little white that's mostly green you pick them you lay them on newspaper and wrap them in newspaper and you can store them on the shelf in your cooler for one to 2 weeks with no water and then I do that like if I know a frost is coming I don't have time to deal with hoops and row cover and all this and there they sometimes are all come on at once I will pick them all and all store hundreds dry storage and then slowly pick them out of dry storage and add them to case throughout the week and they work really well doing that. And for ordering of their special tea Narcissus or. Excuse me daffodils this the 2 varieties that I love are called replete in Petite 4 this is a picture here of. Replete I think this one is replete and this is a so little video that kind of shows you all around how beautiful they are they're the most beautiful daffodils I've ever seen I was just used to the normal yellow ones that we see on the side of the road or the white and yellow ones I didn't know there are so many different varieties of daffodils. And they look really beautiful with the renowned. So just a little note about other flower Bolds. Larry and I because we're predominately a vegetable farm I've kind of streamlined the flowers that work for us and I'll explain a little more about why I chose the ones that I did but we don't really grow to love I love to loves they're beautiful but a to have bowled. You when you're cutting cutting them and using them for bouquets they're not pulling any you to get that long stem you have to dig the whole thing up and that's just not really practical for us we don't have the space if I'm going to do a bulb I want to do one that comes back I don't want to have to keep. Planting them so we don't do 2 lumps even though I love them we do some little ease lilies are easy I would encourage lilies if anyone wants to try to do lilies they can be left in the ground as a perennial or you can dig them up and replant them whatever works best for you. Dutch irises I mean there's so many different bulbs you can experiment with and I would encourage you just to look through catalogs and books and pick the ones that you want to try and see what works best for you so the ones I'm sharing are just ones that we have grown that seem to work best for us. So the rest of the presentation is talking about Hardy Annual is that we grow from seed so all the ones we just talked about are going to be the core arms or the bolts and then the rest of these here are going to be from seed so the timing of starting these so all of these that we're about to talk about like to go through a little cold snap when they go through the cold snap they do better you're going to get more flower production if you plant them in the spring they'll work they're just not going to be as prolific so timing is important you're going to be seeding these in the fall 6 to 8 weeks before the 1st frost. Or winter or early spring so some of my hardy annuals I didn't have time to seed before I came here and I'm going to plant them when I get home and they'll be fine so again this is one of those things where every flowers a little different every zones a little different so I'm here to help if you have questions about your specific zone and when to plant so small Cs can be hard to germinate and I was sharing with a friend yesterday we think of farming and gardening you know there's a lot of blessing that come from it but the thing that Larry and I've learned the most in the 13 years of farming what we believe is one of the main purposes of it is character development because we learn so much about our characters when we fail right and there's some killer that happens in farming and people say well I don't want to do it then if I'm going to fail well we know there's a lot of growth that comes from failing to so. There's a lot of trial and error I've grown I love poppies and they're really hard to germinate for me anyway but I will not give up I will keep trying and keep trying the seeds are so tiny imagine a poppy seed on a bagel or something on bread it's so tiny and they're very temperamental they have to be open to light you can't overwater them so I'm experimenting I've got some tips and ideas about how to try to get them to germinate better but just don't be discouraged if things don't work you have to keep trying because it will eventually work for the most part and certain things are harder than others and whether you want to tackle that or not you have to figure out what works best for you. So the hearty annuals they are ideally like at 70 to 75 degrees to germinate you need grow lights still need shelving and often times you have you're going to have to bottom water so this is why I don't want to stop growing poppies aren't those beautiful they're so beautiful I love them so you are going to start these from seed we talked about them liking a cold snap you're going to plant them 6 to 9 inch spacing they do require require in our area once they're planted in the fall they're going to need a row cover of protection when you harvest them they're also delivered some to a florist last year and she told me this is the most high maintenance flower of all the flowers they call it the diva flower or whatever that means but you have to see how this is cracked like this here you can harvest them like this and it will open slowly if you harvest them like this are not going to last very long the petals will fall off within a couple days also you have to burn the tips with the flame. So. You have to sear the bottom of them for a better base life so a little bit higher maintenance because you have to do all these things to make them last in a vase for a longer period of time but they really are a beautiful flower if you come by my booth when they're open this evening I have more pictures of the poppies and they're just the 1st one I ever grew I think I stared at it for 10 minutes it has designs on the back of it too and this inside part is just so detail this is like a little star in the middle through a really beautiful flower these are snapdragons and these are really fun to grow they're pretty easy to grow and they're a great Hardy annual and they also will grow into the beginning of the summer to here to start these from seed they like a cold snap 6 to 9 inch spacing so these are a flower that you pinch so when they start to put on those few sets of leaves in the beginning you're going to go in there and leave like one or 2 sets of leaves and pinch off the top and that will make a branch and make instead of one big Snapdragon it will make like $2.00 to $3.00 flower stems for you so harvesting them you're going to harvest some 12 to 3 flowers are starting to open at the bottom so you see these at the top here these will open in the basin in the cooler and they store really well in the cooler too I've had snapdragons last a week or 2 in my cooler so they're a good flower because they last a long time and they're great great addition to bouquets. Straw flowers are probably my 3rd flavor favorite flower I think I love straw flowers because these are what's called The Forever flower so you pick it fresh you put it in fresh bouquets or you dry it and it stays beautiful like that forever and I have a bunch of them at my boo so come by and see em because they retain their color once they're dried So you see this subtle smile happening here again. He also models of these holy both flowers he loves the flowers so this particular variety is called copper and the one on the far side is called silver rose and they're just such a cool flower so this is a little video of what the plants look like growing the really tall plants in our area we get a lot of thunderstorms and heavy winds in the spring in the fall and I did not have to stake these there so sturdy they just were nice and tall and I didn't none of them really fell over I'm like This is an Indiana flower because you don't have to stake them also you noticed play that video again. You'll notice here how some of them are leaning over so I called a fellow flower farmer and she told me you want to wait until they're very Staunton up before you harvest them because otherwise they don't do that in your vase or in your bouquet so you wait until they're standing straight up if you can pinch these and it will cause them to branch but I also had other advice not to pinch them if I wanted to bigger flower so I decided to try it without pinching to get the bigger flower and I'm really glad I did because once I picked that main stock and I got a nice long stem these plants are like this tall they branched anyway and I got about 3 harvest out of the this little patch of straw flower I had them all season now the 1st year I planted them in the summer and they did not do as well they don't really they like to have a cold snap 1st so I planted them last year I seeded them in February I transplanted them in April and they loved it they like that cold snap and then they just started branching and they grew all season for me I picked on them until the end of the season until the frost. So highly recommend straw flower and I pretty much set everything on the side so. As far as storage if you want them fresh for bouquets basically what that means is you want this pretty green greenery in your bouquet you're going to pick them and put them in the cooler in water and they do fine in there the flowers will close and open so the clothes in the cooler you bring them out in the light in the warmth in the open some more. If you want to for dried flowers what I've learned is you pick them and do not put them in water just right away hang them upside down in a dark place so our guest room closet is filled with dried flowers so you just have to decide if you want to do in fresh or dried now there has been times I wanted them for fresh and I had some left over that didn't sell and I went ahead and dried them and that's Ok to do too they just dry better or if they're never in the water but they will still dry if you end up putting them in water and then drying them later so I just wanted to touch a little bit on peonies and Lily of the valley and in. The other Lily so when we move to our farm the gentleman that built our farm had planted peonies peonies are the Indiana state flower which is pretty cool. And we had a ton of lily of the valley so this is where as a family start looking around your property because you'll be surprised you'll see some flowers growing here or there try to identify it see what it is you can do a vase test on the flower what you do is you pick it and put it in the vase in your house and see how long it will last some of these wildflowers last well in a vase so so my 1st flower bouquets were the ones of the gentleman had grown there before I started far farming last year. I picked these lily of the valley and put them in little bouquets and they sold like crazy and I mean this is something that just grows kind of wild on our farm and people love them because they smell so good they're very fragrant so I would encourage you to you know if you don't have anything going yet when you get home in the spring you maybe remember oh I know there are some flowers over in that far corner in the woods by the House go check it out and see what it is you never know you might have a flower that's marketable. Oh yes so lily of the value just want to be careful not to eat it because it's poisonous if you eat it and there are some flowers like that so you want to make sure when you're with your children just to educate them about not eating the flowers because it can make them feel so good yes so you also want to be careful and I'm going to talk a little bit more about that but some flowers like the Lily of the valley if I were to dig some up for you and give them to you to plant they're ones that spread really quick so if you have a plot that you don't want something to kind of take it over you kind of have to educate yourself a little bit about what flowers do that and which ones don't and I'm happy to help you with that too but Lily of the valley is one of those that you want to have like a border so you can put like wood borders something to make it stay container otherwise it will totally take over your garden and you don't want living healthy everywhere in your garden and this media was brought to you by audio for years a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about you 1st if you would like to listen to more service leave a visit w w w dot. 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