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Logo of AdAgrA 2020: A Living Parable

Every Seed Sown is a Harvest

Larry Lesher

Description

Healthy transplants make healthy plants! This class will cover everything from soil to seeds including: The effects and conditions of potting mix ingredients; germination and plant requirements before entering the field; and observing the object lessons of our successes and failures.

Presenter

Larry Lesher

Owner of Eastward Gardens in Indiana.

Recorded

  • January 17, 2020
    10:45 AM
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Heavenly Father Lord we just thank you for the day the opportunity to come and learn how to pray that the learning is not of the man but your spirit would have sway in our hearts and minds that you would come between me and these people and you would teach them that I might be a vessel that you could use. That they might be prepared to receive a message from you Lord I know that oftentimes we don't think about these things as being. Spiritual activities or endeavors but you have told us that this is where you walked with Adam and Eve and you taught them and the call of the day Lord we want to come to meet you there we want to understand how to learn from you how to interpret the parables that you set forth that we might have a right understanding of what happens in the garden based on those things we know that the world has a lot of science and a lot of learning that they put forth as truth that we need to have your truth and be able to discern clearly what is truth. So Father I pray as we endeavor into how to start little plants that we would learn from you and we thank you that you've promised to do this and we think you in Jesus' name and for his sake we pray Amen. All right so this is a very practical class but I'll tell you. It's cared of practical things in certain sense. So. Every seed sown produces a harvest so it is in the human life that's from Christ object lesson so I'm not making that up that's not my opinion. Helen might tell this in the science of the Times March 27th 893 in the soil has been prepared for the reception of the seed the sower cast it in and by processes which men cannot control or understand the sea begins to grow and advance in maturity. Ok We're going to learn how to plant the seed in some soil and I can tell you. What fight Tate's are and how we use things to watch the fight Tate's off the very sprout inhibitors and with those sprout inhibitors we will see a plant germinate but it's clear from this statement. That I'm not going to tell you how the seed germinates. It is a miracle of God and so. We're going to do our part all right we have our part to play in this we plow the ground we prepare the ground we put the seed in the ground so let's do our part. We're to look at some of these things here pre-made starts next what they are kind of what they're about. I'm going to show you how I make mine and how you can make your own. Different types of trays that are available that you might use for different types of applications and what I would recommend. Soil blocks what they're all about. Can you run to the car and grab all my stuff. Tools some of the tools that we use to make it easier more efficient quicker some of that would be a political to the farmers some would not be a political to the small garden scale but still they're interesting. If you're on a farm scale regarding scale the paint on the size of the garden you may need starts room if you're doing things in the wintertime even if you're on a small garden you're going to need to understand what is where you can start those things in very early when it's cold when it's really cold out in the fall when it's going to be cold out you may or even if it's really really hot out in the summer you want to maybe a controlled environment for lettuce and things like that that are going to need for spinach if you're going to start spinach to transplant spinach they don't want to be so hot so there are reasons why even a small garden would want some sort of controlled space. We can talk about greenhouses and water and systems and how you water in different ways you can water depending on your scale if I don't hit everything. Hold your questions write them down in income ask me though because I'm probably I farm and so the pictures are going to be of my farm and they might not be exactly a political but you can make it you if you want if you you can transition it to your situation we reason from callers to affect right. So we're going to reason from cause to effect from what a farm looks like to what your garden situation may look like. And then we'll look at the end phase once the plants up and we want to transplant it sounds fair sound like a good plan that what you're here for All right that's what you're here for I'm here to help you. So. From my experience in my research and I've done a lot of research and. I mean a lot of research there is no view you can option that is a functional option I'll say it that way. For a pre-made starts mix that doesn't have some sort of animal product on it if you're going to use an animal product happy for all of it has one that has only bat guano in it and I think Sieberg want to know are nuts Sieber gone. When I use that years ago we would sift it because it has chunks and a lot of times if you don't have a starts next if you have like a potting mix this is a mistake that people make a lot all those big chunks of wood that are in the stars and a potting mix they will suck nutrients and trying to break down and so you want to screen that off. And actually get to a real fine product so that it's fluffy and there's not a lot of what do you material in it and what I would do is I would had do half that half compost because I found that the really unstable they really don't usually go as long they don't really get the plant where I wanted to be and so if you've ever you start mix and it didn't really work for you that's oftentimes the issue and you may get the same kind and they're just not they sit out in the sun when there were ever you get it from even the plant food store the plant stores you know they just sit out in the sun in their cooking and it kills all the bacteria and it's just they're not always the same or always efficient and so if you're going to do it professionally you probably want to go to a place like Deerfield supply or wherever you're at there you. Some sort of a place that would sell on more of a professional level and even if you're doing a garden it's still a better place to go same with your seeds do not go to Wal Mart in these places like the seeds of been sitting there for 2 years or however long they've been sitting on the shelf you want to get good high quality sees you want to go to places like high milling sea bed Coast see I don't know if I listed all those in this presentation so if you want to write those down the audio will be available you can always go back and get these Fed Co seeds time only in seeds while garden see there's a bunch Baker Creek seeds is here for heirloom seeds. These are some places that are more professional level for small scale what I would call market gardening agriculture there's more organic available they're more careful about well the whether or not they'll have things and we're going to if you come to my g.m.o. lecture I'll tell you why you want to be careful about some of the products that even say organic scenes theirself Usia and there are some issues that are going on in the seed industry that you don't really want to buy and these companies that I just named Johnny is one. They are the one most of them taken a safe seed pledge which means they will not use any g m O's and they're now recognizing that there is a process of hybridization called Cell fusion and in when they do that there's. Probably more than you need so anyway there's this product called Cell fusion and they don't carry those seeds and so you can be sure when you buy there you're getting good high quality seeds that will actually germinate. Not talking too fast I'm allowed to not. Know. Yeah you know it's hard for me sorry I will do my best to keep the mike by my mouth. Yeah I think that's what I covered that I didn't even look at it. All right so let's get started so. This is how I do my starts mix. It's a little bit complicated but this is 4 probably more than you would need but you can do the ratios and just make it whatever size you want just. Make each thing smaller proportionately and I'll give you some hunches I change this I've been doing this for a while and I change it and so I'll tell you some of the things that I might recommend that you might mess around with as you're doing it something to know if you want short stocky plants one of the things that you want to do. No matter whether you're getting stuff from the store or not you want to make sure that you have calcium and phosphorus calcium and phosphorus will make short stocky plants if you have too much nitrogen and potassium you will end up with a leg plants and so you want to make sure that your starts mix has enough calcium in phosphorus and it. Now what does that mean I'm still experimenting with some of this stuff and I'll show you what I do and what results I've got and you can decide what how you would proceed forward with that so this makes this recipe makes 100 gallons of Yannick start next so we call it began it because it's plant based and we are it's basically big and people understand that terminology so we use coconut core we don't use. I don't remember the name of it. He Miles thank you very much I knew somebody here would know what I was thinking about I don't use the mosque because if you get peat moss that is adjusted for its ph because Pete Moss is so acidic when they adjust it all comes with a charge which will be animal based material and so if you don't get that then you get stuff that's highly acidic and I haven't experimented with it and I haven't used it but it didn't seem like it would be a good thing to be put into my starts next as I told you want calcium to be at high levels and we don't want the calcium trying to mess with that ph level in that acidic Pete mosse And so we use coconut co-heir which has a 7 ph which means it's balanced now. You can decide how you want to do that. We use $35.00 of the coconut quarter we use 20 gallons of pearl light per lice is basically a puffed rock gives you water retention and porosity and it's a light if it's a lightning agent to lighten the mix because you want the seeds a little germinating seeds you know you don't want to make it a heavy mix that they can pop out through some of the smaller c that specially herbs flower seeds things like that that are really small. We use 5 gallons of or make you light it's another type of rock that is puffed and it's a little different and what we do with that is we put a little bit in the stars mix and then I'll show you when we do the seeding actually cover it with her make you light and it helps with dampening off you never have a start that's growing and you come in and you know it's about this big and all of a sudden you come in it's just flopped over and it's like rotten at the base Most likely you've you've experienced dampen enough so this will help inhibit that and so we put that on as a cover when we cover the seeds that's what we use to cover the seeds so that's a little trick. We have it and our low. Cation a compost called Charlie's compost which is a really high quality compost and so we use this compost in our mix he tests the c o 2 release when he turns it as it tested for biological activity to make sure that it is not and when you talk about compost I should mention this to you guys not all compost is equal. Say save your questions write them down and I will answer them for you either afterwards or at our booth because it's. It'll all be posted all the are all my lectures will be on on the website either at Agra or all of the all of the stuff the powerpoint Yeah I'm talking about yeah so. The compost is. Sent off to a lab to test for the biological content whether it is safe or not and so when you get compost if you're just getting compost so you're going down to the local dump and they have a compost pile where body takes their grass clippings in there you know whatever and you don't know what they're spraying on those glass grass clippings 1st of all and it could be some pretty bad stuff and even if it goes through a compost pile the degradation in the half life of that stuff can often times people will kill their crops even if you're Alan's lecture on soil science but you can definitely mess and stuff up and so you need to be really careful about your compost make your own if you want Be careful though because and I'm not saying it's hard to make your own or that's nest Well it's pretty hard to find good convo so I'll just say that I'll look for a long time and so but be diligent about trying to find a good compost if you're going to use compost in your garden or in your starts next. So we get Charlie's compost we use 35 gallons of that we do a dry fertilizer blend and in our dry for I'm going to go we have videos of each stage of this my wife Michelle was so kind to do this for Instagram. I'm not trying to promote Instagram erase Instagram throw it away don't use it but we have one for our business. And she didn't put it up there for everybody we try to use is educational tool and share things that might be helpful to other farmers so she did the whole thing we're going to go through it so you can see what exactly how to do all these things I'm not just going to talk real fast and run through it I'm going to show you step by step what we do on video so you can see it and I'll talk about the video while we do it. And Michelle does it by herself. And she's a. She's a strong farmer lady so I don't know about it some of you guys might have a keep up with her but. I think everybody here can probably make this is not the easiest thing in the world I'll tell you it is time consuming and it is a little bit inefficient but I think at the end of the day when I go to the farmer's market I can feel very comfortable and confident about what I tell my patrons I've done on their behalf and it's a huge selling point one but 2 I get to sleep well at night and this is a ministry and I want people to understand that we. Can then have this thing began ik what do you mean began it oh well let me tell you about what began it is and let me tell you about our unique Oh yeah oh I can just see the dialogue that happens from the self to great ministry tools well so the drive fertilizer we're going to do one Dalin of kelp mill one gallon of green sand one quarter of Tennessee brown rock which I'm not I'm shifting that will be one gallon of Tennessee brown rock. I changed it now I'm changing of back and she didn't know that she put that she put that on there for me so one down a peanut flour so peanut mill just so you know when they make peanut milk milled is not an American product it does peanuts that are grown generally in South America they use chemically treated non-organic peanuts they press them for oil so these a serf act it when they're pressing the oil so they can get every bit of the oil out of the shell painted everything that's possibly in there and they remove the surf act and then you have this peanut mill and they compost it and they call that an organic peanut nail I did not think that was organic and so I said What can I do and I found this stuff called peanut flour which they use in food so like if you get a protein bar something like that and they want to lecture protein they'll use this peanut mill peanut flour in it and it's super expensive so I called the company and I said hey I'm interested in your product but this is what I'm going to do with it and the lady was like I've never heard of such a thing I said well all proteins can be converted to nitrogen and so when they do there is they have a nitrogen and they converted to protein and that's how they tell you the protein content on the package so we just do the reverse engineering of that not just not genetically modifying it. But we just go backwards and figure out what the nitrogen content is and depending on which roast you get whether it's a dark roast her light roast it's about 6 to 8 percent depending so nitrogen and we do a gallon of alfalfa mill and then we use micro rises in the mix Mike Mike Ross the fungi it is a fungi that has a symbiotic relationship with most plants not all plants where you get a relationship where you're root zone is bigger than euro zone because the the. Fungi the hifi acts as a root for you so we add that to the come to the mix as well we blend it all together and that is the hardest part. We do the wet fertilizer in the wet fertiliser I use a little bit of blackstrap molasses I use a half a cup of blackstrap molasses is the sugar for feeder for the biology and we. Fold the gasket and we don't do the c. 90 anymore have taken the sea salt out of the mix. And then we take a gallon of water probably less than a gallon of water just enough to mix it all up so that it's nice and blend it all together put all that in a big huge watering trough pour that on top and blend it by hand that's how we do it and it's a lot of work I'll show you what we do. We'll skip that So this is Michelle showing you when we make the coconut Coyer. We make it so it comes in a brick is there anybody here not know what coconut oil or is not if you know it did not do not know a case of Coke and acquires the husk off of a coconut like a big coconut shell they take all that often you get the coconut from the store or you get shredded coconut with a break it open and shredded All right so this is the actual husk of the coconut and in this video you'll see she's going to show you it comes in a brick like that and so you have to wet it and it will fill up basically a wheelbarrow so you get this little bitty brick you wet it down and it expands to about a wheelbarrow full. Yeah it's a little bit long 2 to what all the coconut quire. So then we do 5 gallon buckets literally 5 gallon buckets we fill them up and we do 7 of the coconut Coyer. And then we that's what Pearl light looks like the white. Stuff in the buckets on the right there you're right. So this is. All this go ahead and go to this one. So you can see how it's a really light material is everybody familiar with perlite Yeah Ok. That's her Mickey a light kind of a gold silvery type of stuff. So that's her doing the for Mickey lite. So everybody seeing her make you light before. All right so this is the compost we do the compost the same way 7 buckets of compost Now do you see the compost it looks like dirt Yeah that is what we call finished compost if you get compost and you can still see material all in your compost and it looks like some old leaves are still in it and sticks are still in it it is not a finished compost finish compost looks like dirt. So more of the compost those are the buckets for the compost and then this is what the when we do our dry blend of fertilizers we do it in a 5 gallon bucket as well and it just blended all up by hand we put it all in there measured all out. And because of the pain that militates like it smells like peanut butter and you kind of contemplate whether or not you're going to have lunch. So that's what that looks like. That's the wet fertiliser there so we do just a little bit in a bucket so that it can get all mixed up together with a little bit of water so. Does that seem reasonable doable possible Yeah it's not too hard. So again that's the fertilizer and then I'll show you how we do things we. Were a farm I mean we do a lot of produce I think this year we had a lot of water at the beginning of the year and we probably threw away 80 flats that we couldn't get in the field just to give you an idea of the volume that we do in the spring that's just our spring planting but it was so wet they went by and we threw them away so you can get an idea of we've I've never had that happen before but it was so wet this spring I literally couldn't go in the field and so we lost our starts and this is what our starts generally look like when we are successful that what we do they look pretty decent. Give you some idea of what this we use this mix and that's the results we can get and I'll show you kind of might have noticed the racks that they're on all show you some pictures here later about how we go about doing our whole system in our process. What time is this over. Ok We've got 30 minutes are. So as far as trays go so people I've seen people do this in cups they do it all kinds of ways a lot of people will use a tray like this kind of a little bit floppy tray really soft on the bottom maybe if you use is out of it and it's just trashed. If you're like me and you're super Fergal and neurotic then you can make it last probably 5 years but most people use only one or 2 cities that. I'm a particular kind of fellow. So anyway that's a 50 cell flat so it's a flat this size would be for like for me. The Probably tomatoes I would do in this peppers I would do in this. I would do I don't know eggplant I would probably do summer squash winter squash in a cell the size some of the bigger seeds a lot of people use bigger cells if you're trying to use a small space and do as much as you can in that small space it's good to know how small you can go before it's too small. And so that's a good t. cell tray this one is a little different this is called a when stripped tray it's hard. It's not floss I've had this for 7 years and I don't have to be careful really at all but this tray and this is a 72 cell flat. You can get these that from Connor quick more it never seen farm these were not you were able to get these before and since he talked to the company that stopped making these and now he's making them they're expensive. But I'll tell you this if you could come up and you could see it maybe you can see it I don't know but they have slits down each side on on 2 of the corners of these. Yeah I'll just I'll pass it around you guys can look at it and what that does is it air prunes the root so you don't get root route so if you happen to leave them in the tray longer than you should and you shouldn't but if you did it helps you not get root wrap and it helps the plant thrive better I think to paint on the volume you would buy a home in there about 7 dollars a piece. From never seeing farm. They are well worth the investment I'll say that and so they work really really well for us. So that's a $72.00 sell flat I would do broccoli Kaleb collards I do lettuce in that when even they do make a $128.00 sell flat a lot of people do lettuce and that but I like to have a little more room for the roots and I like to pack the roots in there so tight and so I use this for pretty much everything. We do onions and 128 things that you don't necessarily like with an onion you may start an onion in but as a seed you can cut the roots a transplant and transplant it and onions will do actually actually like that and so. Some herbs really really small seeds flowers that have really really small seeds $28.00 cells might be more appropriate. So that's. That's where you would get those these kinds of trees here the Morse these are available at places like Deerfield supply wherever you're at There's probably a place to that wherever you're out in the world there in Kentucky Deerfield supply is they'll ship them to you but shipping is kind of pricey and. The other thing is as everybody does every. Body know what at 1020 flat is a 1020 tray with everybody seeing these this is called a 1020 tray it's 10 by 20 pence it's a 1020 tray and this will hold all your flats unless you have specialty flats there are some flats that are different shapes but generally speaking this 1020 little come solid bottom this is a solid bottom and they also make them with holes in the bottom so if you need drainage you can get these that will drain but if you're using this for instance. Like so. And you're doing this in the house and you want to water it and you don't want all that water to drip all over your house this is a great way to prevent that from happening. But you you know you don't want to over water and have them sitting in water at the bottom of that. So any questions about your oil questions for the end sorry oh soil blog yes everybody familiar with the soil blogs there I seen a soil blocker before so this little thing is you actually press it into the dirt and it will pick up dirt and then you literally will take like this 1020 tray. Right here and you will press this and you see that the little devil are in the bottom it will make a little double for your seed in there different size doublers you can get that pop in and out and that will literally push that soil wash out and it will sit there and you see it and you fill up the tray with those and that is a soil block that's how you would do a soil block so blocks are good for a lot of work. By that 3 of them shifted around because this is the nightmare and name. This will work because it air prunes as well it has the potential the air pressure if you do them really close together and usually they are really close together they can also the roots will grow into the other soil blocks and you have to kind of tear on the part but the idea is if you pick them up every day and kind of open them up the roots will air prune and you won't get your roots won't wrap they'll grow to the air and they'll stop they won't go out into the air they call that air pruning so that's what the soil block is good for that. So you can get that it Johnnie's there are several places online you can get those they sell those in a lot of places and so if you go online and look up soil blocks you can find those they have little mini soil blocks that are like basically 3 quarter about 3 quarter inch little cubes they have a one and a half inch or 2 mention that I think they make it's a 4 inch that's a big one that you can pot up some of the other smaller ones into. So. That is pretty much the choices like I said you can do paper cups and all that kind of stuff but that is really. You might as well invest in some of these things they're not some of the stuff is really inexpensive these are like I think you can get one of these for like I don't know 50 cents or 75 cents or something and so you know relatively don't go to Home Depot and buy it they'll charge you an arm or a leg for something like that but you can buy them for cheap. All right so this is. Way too dark room warned me. They were dark in here. This is our work station I want to point something out to you you see this can you see this door here. That's my front door and I'm telling you I'm a farmer and I'm doing this in my living room. So that's how we started. And we're still there I'm in the process of building something but I can only build so much stuff at one time and so we're still building it I've been there 7 years and we're still building it starts off so I have all the material but takes time so you can do this too is my point if I can do this in my living room you can do this in your living room. Right. Yes you can let me tell you I have a I have a plastic for my greenhouse for a greenhouse plastic that I have and I put it down on the floor and keep everything from getting on the floor. And this is how we do it so I'll run I'll let you see what we do so this is a dibble or I made this developer out of a piece of plywood and some wire nut locks and I drill holes in it I put the wire in a jam the wire nut locks in it presses down on to my flat and now I have holes for every flat I don't have to individually double those this is a vacuum cedar So this has air and it's actually got holes where all those little seeds are rolling around or getting sucked down into the holes and then I just sort of knock any doubles off you can see what I'm doing there there I see that isn't too dark. It's good and then I just flip it over there all the in vacuum seated up into those holes and you'll see here I'm going to flip it over onto the tray. Flips right over slide and then has a little lever there that I cut the air off tap it flip it over the whole See trace done seated over 72 seed bam like that. I have the head lamp on because I'm partially hard seeing it so put light on it I can see it better so I can see little things that's part of the aging process for me so. So that's the dibbler that's the cedar. One thing you want to do Do not be cheap on your labeling when you see something. Label it every time date you want to put the date on it so you know when you see did it what did you see don't do something you know what it is but no one else is going to know what it is don't write it in a way that you won't be able to read it in a month when you're like go on what that's green something and you want to know what's in that flat so that you can plant it appropriately right. And this is what I do it's just me and my wife and so this is the rule date what is it and your initials because if something goes wrong I want to know if it's my fault or your fault. No I don't want to make her feel bad about it I want to remedy the problem what do we do wrong a lot of this not work we want to solve the problem and so we need about to go back and kind of go to you did what were you doing Did you maybe see one you were paying attention you were talking to somebody or friend came over and helped us one day and they did it and they did it too deep and so they're all germinating a different depths and things like this so you want to label them in a way that you can track what is actually going on in that phrase it's actually really important to do that if you do a flat and you're going to have half of this and half of that right I'm going to do some green curly tail and some red tail in the back label it in the front labels out of the front go ahead and put a label on both sides of the tray on that section and I say you need to label every cell in the beginning and the end of the process for that particular variety so you run out of season 3 left at the end you're like well I'm not wasting that dirt and all that space I'm going to put label all 3 of those you know so that there's no question when you get to the end of the process that you know what is in that cell. Does it make sense. Promise you it's worth it those things are like I don't know 20 bucks for over a 1000 of them or something it's just not worth skimping on that. Lights you can use only the lights you can use you know shop lights for your starts you do not have to get u.v. lights and all the super super expensive lights it's maybe better but I don't have any issues really to speak of you want them to be close when you do your lights and you want them all as close to the flat as possible once they germinate you want to back it off a little bit so that the light is more evenly dispersed across the whole flat. I'm talking about early spring starts here if there and side otherwise you would want them outside if at all possible if you have weather that is conducive to them being in the sun the sun is by far the best lighting system you will never be the sun with your starts or anything for that matter and so if you're buying hydroponics that's grown inside under lights just don't buy it because it's dead anyway and they don't really have any nutrient value that's functional so. Racks so we'll look at racks later Web a picture of the rack system that we use and you can decide if that might work for you this is a germination chamber a this is getting more and more popular germination chamber basically creates a certain temperature in a certain humidity that seeds would like to germinate at so they don't dry out and they germinate really really quickly and you get really really uniform germination and they're not staggered over you know different you know when your seed to germinate over 2 week period you want to all germinate at the same time so you transplant them at the same time right. So there's things these germination chambers and you can make them really easy you make a box you box it in with some just like a cell phone you don't talk about that pink or blue stuff you get at Home Depot to mention it probably a one inch thick you box that in put it all in there in the bottom you can do something as simple as you take a crockpot fill it with water put a temperature sensor you can get temperature sensors you plug it in to turn it on and off based on the temperature and a little probe that will tell the kick that that switch on and off and it will literally turn off when it's 75 degrees in it and once it gets down to 70 degrees of kick back on in the water a boil and it will humidify it and keep it warm and it'll be a nice regulated temperature they're not hard to make you got to have time to make these things and you've got to have some you know a little resources but if you're at all mechanically inclined it's a really good tool to get even germination and really really good germination. So these are kind of some of the ways we've done starts so this is a label what I tell you date what is it and Michelle's l.o.l. that's mean. So we see these in the way we do our onions we do them different now we do them actually in individual cells now but we used to do it where we would just spread them a certain forget what else it was that a certain amount of says that I would put down. These are actually leaks they're not actually onions. And we would spread it they germinate and then when we transplant them we just pull them out and we cut the roots and actually with leaks and onions you actually want to cut the tops when they're when they get their 1st believe when they get about this tall just for your information you cut it off and it forces new growth and they'll get thicker that way you can get thicker onion starts and thicker leek starts so you would just cut that right office and scissors and then let them grow back out maybe you can do that 2 times 3 times before you transplant them and they'll be set like this that is your pinky they'll be much more substantial starts. So anyway that's what our onions would look like and we did those in the 1020 trade all we did was put some dirt in the bottom sprinkle of seeds on the top kind of covering lightly and that's the kind of germination you get so this is our rack system so I just buy these rocks from Home Depot put them on casters so they have wills you can see the wills down here we do to just regular shop lights 2 lights in each one so we have 4 lights total and we do daylight lights. If you want to do chew you can do 2 different kind to get more spectrum of light spectrum I've done that before I don't see so much of a difference so I just do the one. So anyway that'll do for Trey's 1234 trays on each one and you've got 12345 So 20. Flats it's vertical it makes it really efficient if you have it in your house or in a garage or wherever you might want to put something like that if you have to do it in a in a small area and you can get a lot of starts in a small area that help Ok so this is kind of dark but this is what our living room looks like in the spring. We usually have about 120 or so something like that starts go in in our living room and I'll show you this is this is me working on you can see this is the cell. They call it cell insulation it's like a cell phone insulation and I'm building our start house right here this is a room that we will have that is where we will put all those racks and they'll live in there and it'll be a small room that's heated off of our washed ation does everyone know what a wash station is that's where I was doing all of the mixing that's where we. We have a barn for all intensive purposes with a concrete floor that when we harvest all the harvest comes in there and goes into the water and then we put it in our walking cooler and so this is off the side of that building and it will be tempered so in the winter time it will be heated in the summertime it'll be cooled and will act like a room for our tomato crop where you don't want to put those in the fridge but you also don't necessarily want him in the 90 degree heat of the summer we'll put them in there about $5560.00 degrees and it will be a nice room for tomatoes because that's a high dollar crop so this is how I started when we 1st bought our farm 7 years ago this little Quansah hut that the dealers everybody here no matter. When they moved to the Black Hills and took over the work at the Black Hills that I was doing they packed their car with all kinds their van their truck as a $24.00 foot Ryder truck packed it full of all their stuff well they didn't pack it full of all the stuff they left a bunch of stuff there and they packed a bunch of stuff in there to give to me to help me start my farm. And that of blessing. When you step out in faith people just show up and they say we we want to support what you're doing and he gave me this caterpillar tunnel and that became I started south and so you can see our little table back there and this is me outside doing in the starts our 1st year and so this is me inside there with the starts in the little caterpillar tunnel so you don't have to have everything I mean when I started the very 1st. Church or the when we started when I started farming in Seattle me and 3 people put $500.00 together $1500.00 we bought seeds and started stuff we put them in flats we had cinder blocks on a asphalt road in the back of this farm and we took it and put a piece of plastic over top those cinder blocks and cinder blocks on top of those cinder blocks the hole that plastic in place and that's where we put our 1st starts I'll tell you this that year 3 people $1500.00 we grow say $3000.00 on that farm 1st year. So. You don't have to have a lot you have to have a willing heart and you have to be willing to go do it and then from there you can build doesn't always work that way and move to this farm everything turned plant that about I don't even know thousands of brassica plants that spring they all turn purple and grow another leaf I made $4000.00. So it doesn't always work the way I just said. So the Lord humbles us to say that to encourage you because me and my wife do full time farming she quit her job and we full time farm that's all we do on that same piece of ground that made $4000.00 after I planted probably $80000.00 worth of crops and it got $4000.00 back. And we didn't have any money we came from self-supporting work with no money. The Lord provides you just put your foot in the water you just do what you're called to do you do what he told us to do and you don't have any choice anyway so just go do it and he will pay for it's his problem it's not your problem you do your part you don't do your part it's your fault you do your part he'll take care of you you don't have to worry about it not working and if it doesn't work you need to learn something so just get back up your You're going to get up sometimes right. Ok this is a little this is our starts house that we have so once it's warm enough to bring all that stuff out of our house in the spring we go into this greenhouse here and this is our starts house when I was building it. It's really nice to have been elation it starts house because you really don't want to get overly hot and it starts Alice and it will get hot even in the early spring it will get really hot in there so we have a roll up here that we can vent out the top on this particular greenhouse we've got these greenhouses at an auction of a $5000.00 this greenhouse is 25 feet wide by 75 feet long this green house back here that you see that's $120.00 foot by 30 foot $5000.00 I paid for both of those by plastic and a few things to you know after I took it down from the place that the auction was but you know the Lord provides He makes a way so that's our start house this is what it looks like inside of a little tables like this that we set all the flats on I do a little hoops in them because that way I can cover them with floating row cover and things like that if it's going to have a cold night I can put a blanket over him that makes sense and help and you guys and I going too fast Ok. It's 1136 I've got to rush here all right so this is how we watered for years and I knew this was totally inefficient but this is our resources this is what we had solid hand water you can see how many flats are there right that's a lot of food and we would hand water that pretty much every day you take about 2 hours every day maybe twice a day on really hot days and so it is time consuming when you're trying to manually manage that much food and so this is what they look like you can kind of see how it works you can see what we've done here you see this that's a sprinkler now and so now we have overhead sprinkler it takes me about 2 seconds to turn a knob that has a timer that turns itself off sooner or later will have it on a time system that I don't have to do anything I'll tell you a story though out a friend automated beautiful wonderful greenhouse power went out everything died so don't get too reliant on technology by the sweat of your brow. No it doesn't say that you know whether your face my forehead sweats easy my face does not. Keep that in mind so that's what they look like in this greenhouse we have 25 feet of it that we do our starts and then these are peppers in the back so we have multi-purpose use of that greenhouse. All right so this is me and you can probably this is dark this is the 1st time we turn the water system on and Instagram in again unfortunately or fortunately if you're out there in the world and can be useful to you but all these little things and you can really see it not really you can kind of see see all the water there's just water forests. And everything it's water. That save does in and mince amount of time so if you have a farmer you're thinking about farming that is should be high on your list time is is very valuable on a farm. So this is how we start we have all those starts everything looks good I'm going to tell you something if you're planting a start that's over 6 inches tall you have missed your window of opportunity. If you're planting tomato plants that have fruit on them if they have if they're over 6 inches tall if they've got flowers on them you are missing your whole 1st set that is the most important said and so you do not want to plant plants past their time you are missing that's that's the you're already setting them back and this is the start you never want to start at back at the very onset. Soon as you can get those little plants in the ground they have enough root system to hold that that thing in place that's when you want to put your starts out if you're doing a past that you're going to miss so much economic opportunity in those 1st Brax in those 1st whether it's your cucumbers your your. Can a lope. You know you can have candle of said it's going to set way out here now because your 1st blossoms have already fallen off they couldn't they didn't have the the soil they have the nutrient Bank to separate they drop flour right so you want all that initial food onset right away so we used to do this you can see this is brutal I mean we planted a 100 and whatever I think in our onions been out there with this plan and here is brutal up in faith worst faith there state she's planted on it's on my arm to doom it about 6 inches facing That's $200.00 per row 4 rows a lot on and takes a long time it's brutal and so that's how we started. I'm listening to sermons there through my earphones a good time to to listen to the Lord you can get the object lessons from the ground right in front of you. This is another thing this is Chris Hall and he just bought the farm he used to work on it Wildwood he was helping them at their farm he just bought a farm down in Tennessee he worked with me and this is what we would do once we got a little bit better off with a little faster all these little efficiencies will help you so this is transplanting I think is a broccoli maybe. You're on the back. Of. This is our farm and what we do on our farm looks fun. All right let's say a quick prayer close the south Heavenly Father we thank you that we're able to share our experiences but I pray that you would bless the efforts that people put forth I pray that as they put their hands to this plough that you would do what only you can do that you would fill in for our deficiencies that you would fill in for our ignorances in our lack of pray that anything that I said that was not of a benefit or wouldn't be true is not according to your. Your laws that you would cover that in that you would fill in for my deficiencies Lord I pray as we do this that we recognize that we are brothers and sisters on this journey and ultimately all this is to grow as a knowledge of who you are and that the side effect is that we have the opportunity to labor with those in our communities our family our friends and that we can make a living doing it and then we can show them a better way that we ourselves would see a better way that we might glorify you to be fit for your kingdom I praise Jesus name for his sake we pray in. This media was brought to you by audio post a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio version or if you would like to listen to more sermon leave a visit w w w dot audio Verse dot org.

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