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How to Improve Your Memory and Intelligence

Allen Lloyd
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  • August 6, 2010
    10:45 AM
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an hour and fifteen minutes for this presentation is why lets you know doesn't necessarily do it justice I high in preparation for this talk I looked at all of these studies that I had saved on my computer that are meaningful in regards to memory and intelligence over the last ten years and there were four thousand and twenty six studies and and so it's and be honestly is a lot of exciting ones I'm leaving out now you have to you have to kind of pick and choose and try to prioritize and say also know your audience knowing that this is a Nassau ASI audience there's other things that I would talk about if it were general public audience but I'm not going to bring up in this audience etc. because I'm trying to see what the typical person would need to to take away from this but many of you have heard are slowly some of you heard how one of my hobbies it actually is one of my hobbies to keep up with the medical literature to me it's a it's a spiritual experience to to understand more expressions of truth the author of truth this is of course our Lord and as we understand more truth we actually understand more about him more about his character and sell lives always been a great hobby of mine to run to keep up with the medical literature MS-Windows four thousand and twenty six studies came from that that were just getting thank you there were just getting a lot glimpse of here today and Erika all right we've also in many of you know us from our depression recovery programs and of course this is I didn't does four thousand and twenty six studies didn't really have to do with depression I would just take a look at memory and intelligence imports is a little bit of overlap what seems to help depression seems to help memory and intelligence as well in general and so there is a lot of is significant overlap in what we have done actually is but on residential programs for peak mental performance as well and we've had some significance of positive effects as a result of that one of the great myths is that intelligence can be enhanced after age eighteen and it actually can be enhanced and we've had individuals with IQs that are in the good bottom five to ten percentile the country outcome to repeat mental performance program who really couldn't even kind of make it through Mission College in six months and of course the others academics with mission colleges college credits etc. or after all but then after coming program in implementing the principles of that program within two to three years they were actually applying for and getting in the medical schools throughout the country and so I intelligence can be enhanced significantly and fortunately memory can as well so let's just get into a definition intelligence is your capacity to learn retain and apply knowledge can hear why don't have the volume but I will try to move this up maybe say that here at least turning it off good right thank you capacity to learn retain and apply knowledge and noticed a lot of people don't think intelligence is necessarily connected to memory but actually it is because you have to not only learn it but you also have to retain in order to apply it you have to have it retained as well as at good people in the back and year that are good I hear the nonce there is often measured by an intelligence quotient test or an IQ test that's kind of the world 's best standard for measuring it and it's not about standard but it's not perfect standard again there are significant instances where it missed people of high intelligence and also missed a people that were of lower intelligence that scored better on the test and of course is related somewhat academic it's not related across the board academic performance because one of the greatest factors in academic performance is actually emotional intelligence emotional intelligence is related motivation IQ has nothing to do with motivation and so if you have a highly motivated individual with an average IQ they cannot actually excel and that's something to keep in mind of course we all get frustrated when we know people have high intelligence but they're not very successful in life and that simply due to the EQ aspect of things now I previously taught at ASI seminars about emotional intelligence this meeting is not about EQ so you might want to get into the archives and get to the to the EQ portion college graduates first job after graduation in this world is found to be linear related to their IQ and so are they higher the IQ the better their job tends to be right out of college however how far in advance and that job is not related to their IQ once again it is related to your emotional intelligence again and not the IQ pardon people with very high IQ who been passed over for promotion repeatedly had told me that the reason why there passed over is because the losses in their workplace don't have a high enough like you to recognize their IQ is that in reality that's not the reason I their motion is being recognized but wasn't being recognized for promotions the emotional quotient outside of things and not so much the IQ side of things there are some advantages of IQ air significant on this was a study in this column a hundred and sixty two men and women followed from childhood starting in nineteen twenty two until nineteen eighty six I like these long longitudinal studies are very revealing in fact there needs to be a lot more in regards to mental techniques and high and the long-term effects of those parental techniques that's that that's an area of study is just starting to be discovered but there's a lot more that could be done researchers found that after the cutoff point of one hundred and sixty three participants risk of dying during a given period decreased as their IQ increase for example Leslie childhood IQ of one fifty had a forty four percent lower risk of death than those with an IQ of one thirty five and I'm sorry for the screen I just noticed you were probably ambulance see the entire references of all these studies inside another references at the bottom of the screen in the bottom of the screen you have to be up front to read those because of the blackberry are there but IQ is very much related to longevity in fact a number of studies are indicating this in their third you know what that pattern are not exactly sure why it's related to however there are some revealing studies some of which I did not put in today that are in our start starting is to give us a clue why IQ is related to longevity is not completely related to this next study but this is one of the reasons for it children of high IQs are more likely to become vegetarians when they grow up so if you have a high IQ as a child you're more likely to become a vegetarian study of more than eight thousand men and women age thirty he's like using measured when they were ten shell that the higher the IQ the greater the odds of becoming a vegetarian for each fifteen point rise in IQ in the study the likelihood of becoming a vegetarian rose by thirty eight percent even after adjusting for factors such as social class education the link was still consistent and celebrate yet higher your IQ as the more likely you are to respond to intelligent information and of course apply remember their intelligence is your ability to learn retain and apply knowledge and so sometimes you know you don't have a lot of time people will notice that your vegetarian and they might ask you why are you a vegetarian you don't have a lot of time he does given the short-term two word answer high IQ is now IQ in children this is a summary of a number of studies this is very critical how long they were in the womb before her in fact this is something as being uncovering the IQ in our country in the Western world is significantly declining average IQ generation after generation in fact this is been going on for for some time are not sure of all the reasons for its own button just might be the carrier ration of the race of overtime on whether for instance the Roman Empire had a pretty good solid evidence that the average IQ of the average individual during the Roman Empire time was one forty and asked up in the top one percentile of our country back and saw the people that were studying and where the book of Romans was being written to and IQs of one forty unless they didn't have the confusion about that book and how many of us Saturday was significantly lower IQs but I'm it has is something that's also declining simply due to the fact that there are more babies surviving and whose brains have not been had the advantage of being fully developed in the world we used to think that the lungs were the last things develop in the fetus we now know that's not true it's the brain that's the last thing the ball and after thirty six weeks it was often thought of as a life there whether you get that baby out or not and sometimes the baby was coming out just due to the convenience of the mother as well the convenience of the physician and it was thought while you now is thirty seven thirty eight weeks around there that's good enough when the lungs are developed on we can go and take this baby out or induce or whatever and that we now know that that has no mistake in in the IQ studies in particular my studies well logs show that thirty eight weeks is a critical time now after forty it can be problematic as the longer you wait after forty weeks the longer for the higher the risk is still worth of the child but you certainly want to try to wait for forty weeks in the problem as the medical world is not totally when the forty week as often we go like days but the ultrasound we've had a lot of bad seems to me that appropriate weight etc. in the size and we thank well it looks like it's getting closets probably thirty eight thirty nine weeks is okay to induce an man we induce and find out the baby weighs five pounds and was probably more like thirty five or thirty six weeks and I'm unfortunately the IQ of that child has been adversely affected for the remainder of his life or her life and so it now is not to say that if you were born at thirty six weeks your enemy mentally retarded not be able to excel in school that's not the case can actually compensate for that not to some degree but the studies are showing not completely also very much related to IQ and chiller is how much omega-3 was in their mother 's diet when they were in the world this is a crucial brain development nutrient it is an essential nutrient and it's a particularly essential for brain development and will go into more about omega-3 and some of the studies also very much related how much love care and caressing they received as an infant and somewhat related and that is whether they were brass letter we know that breast-feeding provides more omega-3 or the developing brain afterburners on because there is only one formula on the market now that has omega-3 unit and it's only one type of omega-3 called DHA on and it's not efficient ACH plant -based DHA because that's the only one the FDA would approve for good reason wireless wireless not approving the fish -based DHA that's right because of mercury and you can get the Mercury completely out of fish oil PC these three supplements that say mercury free fish oil not true on one company course omega-3 yeah that's one of the other difficulties of it yet if omega-3 could be passed it would be the most expensive antidepressant on the market by far the most in the most expensive brain enhancing medication on the market by far simply because it is so effective it helps seventy percent of people with treatment resistant depression long and also helps adolescents get higher GPA scores it helps them in focus and attention helps them a number of different areas but the reason why can be patented as it is because it's in nature and so if you try to patent omega-3 the government will send you a nice letter back saying prior art however one company has figured out a way to discharge a very large amount of their omega three and have it available by prescription and what they did is they patented the process of mercury removal from the fish and saw the three sat very involved process of taking fish oil and trying to remove the the Mercury from and its patented now it's actually available only by prescription the brand name is always a bias leave the nice-looking pharmaceutical representative his been coming by my office to try to get me to prescribe Marlo Meza I said you know I know this is supposed to remove the toxins in the Mercury can you tell me how much mercury is been taken out of well we know most of the Mercury 's been taken out what about all the Mercury well you know maybe all I said well can you talk to your researchers there and send me a letter about how much mercury is out of this product and again they sent me a nice site I have to do that it's one of those government regulations if you have an FDA by prescription only and so they sent me a nice letter saying no now the merger is out and there's no way we get all the mercury out but we know where you warmer throughout in any other way of getting Mercury out and hands so this is some young courses the best we can do with fish oil I think that's that's pretty accurate and that's why there is there charging such a high premium for that however what the general public is overlooking is you can get last Mercury from getting it simply from the plans of the waters and this is where you can get DHA EPA the same oils and on fish oil plants in the waters and of course those companies and forgetting from the plans of the waters is not my prescription is not expensive it's actually very inexpensive so if you want to get omega-3 supplements I would recommend getting deep your world begin DHA the juror has both EPA and DHA and it etc. and it can be helpful if you need to have the omega-3 supplement now what wasn't breast-feeding formula one formula that housing is the vegan DHA yet again is not the EPA which it would be better to have the added as well as a lot in DHA educational environment and the child is also a critically important and of course that has to do with the home because education begins in the home and what type of stimulation as they are what type of the learning environment for the child is critically important in regards to their IQ and whether it's consistent discipline in the home environment as well I want to leave a big factor is is a note in a house with out any discipline is going to adversely affect both the EU and especially I should say both the IQ and especially the EQ of the developing child if you don't have discipline is very much adversely affect the EQ but also adversely affects the IQ in the consistency is one of the terms of coming out is critically important in the studies and also there is an interesting relationship between children that were born into a household of economy self-sacrifice and gladsome service all three of those seem to be critically important in regards and developing brain one of the reasons why in many cases doctors kids do not come out on top in regards to IQ you know their mother and father might be both doctors you know they got great genetics and what's happening to the kids now they're just there not excelling their not having that same type of thing I well what was happening as they were born into a household where they were primitive and everything that they wanted and I didn't have to struggle for finances etc. and there wasn't really that spirit of self-sacrifice and because the busyness of the parents etc. they can always have that gladsome service exhibit as well and saw one of the reasons why sometimes pastors kids and doctors kids and some high professionals have problems and of course we noticed even in the Israelite world that some great people had kids that were not near as great and and had major problems and a lot of it goes back into that household you I think of him even now Jacob 's sons Jacob 's sons were raised pre- much in a dysfunctional environment and one of the things that that I think Jacob will realize in the kingdom is that if his lovely Rachel did not die Rachel would have raised Joseph as a result of Rachel buying and Jacob got out of the field but the work on his designs and personally became responsible for the upbringing of Joseph and Benjamin and we know the outcome in regards to that and so and of course Jacob was limiting on those types of of attributes that Rachel not that Rachel was a real bad person per se but we know the competition the dysfunction they were all on you to be the types of games that they were playing in the household that have nothing to do with the outcome of children etc. and and that of course paid a call and unfortunately those other brothers came around but it was really through them having to take responsibility and work that started their process of turning around our young rats to receive more attention from their mothers perform better on tests of learning and memory such as being able to find their way through mazes offspring who were like less this type of spatial learning and memory 's associate with a part of the brain called the hippocampus ILC that her multiple times that has to do with the memory portion the brain and the temporal lobe later analysis of raising two groups of offspring the rent to have high care mothers versus those who had low care moms show that the offspring of high care mothers and more synapses or connections between brain cells in her hippocampus along with more inputs from other parts of the brain involved in learning and so of course we know that this is even probably more true in regards to the human upbringing than is in regards to the animals also encouraging point for those who may have had low birth weight the low prematurity will know this is can be the next day but children who were small for gestational age scored three points lower in verbal and nonverbal IQ and with an average birth weight it turns out for every week last and thirty eight weeks your IQ goes down by an average of two points may be a low Mormon I think that too is about the words have some thirty six weeks you're how about laying off four may be little more I like you decrease and as it continues to go down you continue to see that second twenty five ninety nine you can see the significant difference our parental factor dominated almost completely overweight at birth I came to predicting a child's IQ so again although we place a lot of emphasis a lot of studies are placing a lot of emphasis on uncaring that baby to term now to try to enhance its IQ I just as important if not more important are parental factors such as the health habits of the parents their mother is problem-solving ability and parental rearing style dominating and influencing a child's IQ and this is from the archives of disease in childhood in two thousand back a little bit more to our omega-3 I got a little had myself omega-3 fats appeared to prevent marriage is gender disorders including Alzheimer's disease these devastating illnesses are associated with decreased brain blood flow and a lot of suggest a compromise brain circulation contributes to the genesis of dementia it is not merely the result of brain deterioration omega-3 fats may be particularly helpful in proving brain circulation and preventing blood vessel changes entertainment studies showing it can have a positive role in regards to a Parkinson's disease as well particularly if it's early enough omega-3 induced hippocampal fax is a tenfold rise I should say among omega-3 induced hippocampal effects of a tenfold rise in the production of transpiring to DTR is vital to long-term brain help by scavenging up or rounding up something called amyloid beta protein the compound accumulates entangles oils fiber brings by gathering up these abnormal protein teacher is believed to prevent the damaging amyloid tangles are aggregates that is potentially staving off dementia and of course is important to recognize the omega-3 in fact when we get to Alzheimer's I'm going to go plant some time discuss this environment in detail because it's a major Colombian major future problem in our country on millions of individuals the one twenty five far more than have it tonight is about four million and have it today but it's going to be probably twenty five three million individuals that have been high by twenty twenty five it's critically important to know how to present it and also potentially excreted but when it comes to Alzheimer's the best we can do at this point is to halt progression of and this is why it's critically important to recognize that early on there are around well for me just when we just leave it at that and go back to omega-3 these are plant foods that have omega-3 almond spinach green so I hasn't mature soybeans but not near as much as the greens on one of the advantages of green soy wheat germ if you're having white bread you're not getting omega-3 of black walnuts English walnuts have even more she is a desert near the top of the list flaxseed is up there as well and these foods have a type of omega-3 called a outlay that is the land plan form of omega-3 alpha linoleic acid is what it stands for there's three types of omega-3 molecules of the brain needs however LA and EPA and DHA I Doctor Fraser has done some preliminary research in Loma Linda and shown that vegetarians have a high conversion rate of a LA to lease VHA and probably EPA as well in other words if we have a ally we can make the other two however the typical median population does not convert a library efficiently to EPA and DHA and that's one of the reasons why that is stalk so strongly of fashion Milo Meza is selling like hotcakes and a couple hundred dollars on a prescription is to call to get the the EPA and DHA without so much mercury toxins that are present in fish today however if your plan is vegetarian and a convert more and and of course the big unknown out there in the world is that fish don't make EPA and DHA they have to get it from their plan or at least other fish that are the most plant foods and so that's that's where you can get the lower toxicity rate is getting it from the plants of video waters now there is also a relationship here between omega six and omega three omega six is another essential fact but is present in the human diet and if you're just eating food in general you get one of omega six particularly animals foods for all plant foods with a lot of fact on this research is one chapter growing body of literature linking low intake of omega-3 fats with manic-depressive illness as of the circulatory effects of omega-3 's it appears a ratio of omega six to omega-3 consumption is important in the mental health arena high blood levels levels of omega six fats as well as low omega-3 levels appear to predispose towards depression bipolar disorder and dementia and so our problem in our society as were getting too much of the Omega sixes and not enough of the omega-3 's and that's because there isn't as enough of my coming there are a lot of foods that are high in omega-3 and there are a lot more foods that are high in the omega six this was a another recent study dietary fat found in margarine water and cheese may increase the risk of mental decline in old age study of elderly men concluded that those who had high higher daily intakes of linoleic acid that's the omega six or two and a half times more likely to have cognitive impairment at those who had lower intakes of dietary fat and so that's a significant yell anything that's twenty or forty percent increased risk is enough to publish a study but when you have a two and a half fold increased risk that is insignificant I think it underscores one of the reasons why some even healthy false otherwise healthy vegetarians can start to experience cognitive impairment one of the reasons maybe not just enough omega-3 that too much of the omega six is their present I merrily in a lot of these foods that tend to satisfy the vegetarian we know what you're going to be more of your high-fat types of foods and particularly the foods that have the free will oils in them on this is one of Grafton takes a look at the ratio between omega-3 and omega six and you can see the walnuts have omega-3 in them but they have actually more of the omega six is not yet the flaxseed that you have a much more omega three omega six or even Spanish even has a higher ratio is one of the foods we we recommend because of its very favorable ratio of omega three omega six and of course this is a fish appear in the list of highest and it in omega-3 is macro on this is the first that has the highest ratio eight oh but if you're getting your omega-3 from plants and water you'll get better than a point and and so again underscoring the advantage of the young plants and waters let's take a look as far as steps in memory a lot of this in regards to IQ has to do with memory and of course I'm loving both of these in together tonight but let's just focus on memory itself there are three steps in memory the first one is an coding that's the process of holding information short-term memory systems twenty to thirty seconds and of course this involves paying attention the material be remembered as a crucial factor a lot of sensory information can bombard the brain at any moment sometimes from all five senses are when you're learning in all of these messages registering the brain but only those with meaning and importance are selected for placement in the memory if you just think about it you're sitting here right now you're probably getting about a thousand different sensory inputs at one time how much pressure is on your left cheek in regards to your right cheek whether your toes are on the ground or whether your heels around the ground you know whether it's a soft seat or not or what you know who is in your periphery in those colors are coming in plus the words that I'm saying plus what's on the screen plus maybe some whispering in some some rustling in the papers etc. so you get there is a whole lot of information coming in if we were analyzing just sitting in a classroom like this probably five hundred thousand points that your brain is actually able to pick up on but hopefully you don't remember all those things are in fact now you shouldn't really remember anything except the meaningful thing and that's part of the encoding part I am coding uses different ways of processing using different ways to process information increases the chance of the information will be an coated in place in the memory encoding is enhancing the information associate with other information already stored in the brain and this is one of the advantages of those that have a good memory to begin with if they have remembered a lot there are actually more likely to remember more one of the old myths out there in regards to memory is that you only have so much faith in your long-term memory and so we have to limit what's in there and we may want to dump some things that we can get some more things in and that actually isn't true in regard to long-term memory long-term memory I seems almost be infinite in regards to our storage capacity in the brain and one of the reasons all of point out one of the reasons is memory all things even phases etc. involved just one single neuron where this is stored so and so the the complexity of one single neuron to be able to recognize one space versus another face it it's just one neuron there and of course we have a hundred billion conservative estimate neurons in the brain and we have of course a lot more cells that we used to think or nonwoven thought processes such as glia etc. that are also there so that long-term storage capacity definitely is it's very impressive but in regard stick and coding this is where limitation is in the in our brain we only have the ability to hold something in memory for twenty to thirty seconds it's probably only three to seven things that are going to end up in the long-term memory when information is processed both visual and verbal modalities and coding is enhanced as one of the reasons why I like to just put the words on the screen even though I'm saying him etc. studies show your hearing them and seeing them you're actually more likely to take that from an coding input it into your permanent memory were utilizing later on sensory images are retained for last the second just long enough to develop perception not quickly uncoated and short-term memory this information will immediately became be forgotten and of course that's a good thing those in all the sensory images that you're getting in right now but hopefully you'll like years from now remembering a new phone number however it also involves that we have to remember it long enough to dial it and that means more than the second we have to be able to encode that and be able to have it therefore on about thirty seconds or so and the encoding of most brains is the limit of it is normally seven items that's one of you management of a seven digit phone number but it turns out we can actually put more than seven items and if we categorize or chunks the information reasons why we can remember phone numbers more recently three nine three nine four were actually chanting and so we can easily remember ten items enough to be able put it in your working memory in an story in your write it down etc. no more remembering the long term if you rehearse it enough some psychologist consider working memory to be the new IQ because we find it working memory is the single most important victory warning the single most important predictor of learning is what working memory that's that area where we have that limitation in regards to how much we can hold on it for about thirty seconds working memory allows people to hold and manipulate a few items in their mind such as a telephone number some compare working memory will box for adult basic box I thought the three to seven items it will grab more than that metal grocery list are likely to forget something studies show so if you don't have it written down on and you have more than seven items on a grocery list studies show it's a very high likelihood probably ninety five percent of individuals will forget one or more items it sells more than seven unless you have the ability to chunk it were your categorizing you know the vegetables are right we need for vegetables all right and Morgan get five fruit and really get five things in cans etc. and then you can start doing more than that but even if your categories no more than seven your then very likely to forget something since there is this one it's important to point in the right thing your relevant information will clutter up working memory studies show working memory allows the reader to remember what is at the beginning of the page when reaching the end of the page people that trouble was active working memory got lost in the middle memory training has been shown to be able to help improve working memory many people with poor working memory are considered lazier Dem but with early identification memory training many of these underachievers can improve studies show and dinner and reality this is the major problem when it comes to ADHD which is the attention deficit the problem there is a working memory is being cluttered by things that are not meaningful and so that's it fills up and there is an inability for them to remember what's at the end of the page are from remember what was at the beginning of the page when they get to the end of the page MSI camp with a logical sequence together and that score score studies show that certain dietary things like omega-3 can be helpful on certain lifestyle things can be very helpful and will get into but also the actual work of memory training to be able to train yourself to encode information that is meaningful and leave out information that is not meaningful analysis and coding occurs than consolidation can happen in consolidation is when the memory is putting out long-term bank on that that is a bank that actually I can last when encoded information is practice a rehearsed or when it has a high emotional content meaning the information can be transferred in the long-term memory by that process called consolidation and noticed the two things two categories of things that cause it to go the consolidation one as high emotional content and meaning and or the other as practicing and rehearsing himself it doesn't have a whole lot of meaning for you you can still get it there in the consolidated long-term memory by practice practicing it and in rehearsing much of this consolidation occurs in the hippocampus during REM sleep this is less labor and are for consolidation and and and we also know melatonin is very connected with that ability to get the REM sleep in for consolidation to occur we'll talk about that in the near future sleep deprivation on the reduction of REM can lead to deficits in consolidation of long-term memories and this is why it's critically important that one of the ways in which you can find out how sleep deprived you are is too on actually be cognizant of when you are going into REM sleep I even though your sleeping for instance someone who significantly sleep deprived as a result that sleep deprivation will actually try to go in the REM 's leap within minutes sometimes seconds of going to sleep it's not a healthy thing it means that your very sleep deprived normally don't take ninety minutes for you to go and REM sleep don't have to go through about three or four stages and then get to that REM sleep and that's the healthy way of doing it but for those of you sometimes if your very sleep deprived this is happening I'm a physician and there's times when I've had to be up all night take taking care of ICU patients in and up the whole next day and then I might have to go to a meeting that evening and be sitting in a chair such as you are at again and then I will love start to nod off and while I'm nodding off REM is where dreams sleep occurs I'll actually be dreaming of something in the room was something happening is not even connected to that room at all that's a sign of significant sleep deprivation you're not have significant problems consolidating anything it'd be far better for you to go get adequate rest it would be to try to sit through that meeting at that point in time and so Augustus one example regards to to that sleep deprivation how quickly you dream after you after you go to sleep long-term memory is you one permanent ice I usually know I reason why it wouldn't be as if you had a head injury or you have a stroke to an area affecting memory or if you have what's called ECT shockwave treatment or if you have repeated epilepsy and other course ongoing treatment is these seizures in the morning but repeated seizures of course can produce permanent memory gaps in the long-term memories won't even have that that ability to retrieve that memory is totally gone from there and of course I saw the disadvantage of ECT that's one of the reasons why people come to our program as a last result resort when they're depressed instead of going to ECT many of them because I don't want to have that those memory deficits the meeting effectiveness of retrieving the information tends to be diminished or lost over time so it's not because it's not there it's just that your ability to retrieve the information tends to be diminished or lost when you're not utilizing that memory and of course that that produces all significant problems rehearsing her repeatedly practicing in reciting the information can help to shift the information from short-term to long-term memory and increase meaningfulness of information also enhances long-term storage in so I think this is one of the reasons why in Scripture the Lord wanted these principal types of instruction it may not have a lot of emotion in meetings at least children are growing up be able to be there so they could be rehearsed and Dustin talked about frequently etc. so that would be able to get in the long term memory also be able to retrieve them more easily apply it on your daily life the retrieval is kind of interesting retrieval is the third step so you have them and coding you have consolidation and you have retrieval but retrieval is not just simply retrieving a photograph like we might I know if I want a JPEG image therein now we just need to retrieve it and we will be able to remember it and an exact details of the form that was there in front of us retrieval of the reconstruction process where various parts of memory or retrieve and strung together in a logical manner they can vary from retrieval to retrieval therefore the retrieve memory is not likely to be an exact accurate recall of the map despite the fact that individuals often strongly believe that their memories are completely true and there've been a number of studies in regards to this some but all I talk about here in a minute various methods such as queuing can help receiving part of the information can help in retriever along the rest of the information presence hearing the first name of the forgotten person can help retrieve the last thing you think about it enough being in the same emotional state is when the memory was acquired also help in the retrieval process and recognition memory is usually better than free recall memory we could go into the difference between those two but a recognition of course has to do with in regards to faces etc. people versus animals etc. previous UserLand UCLA research that found evidence of single brain cells are involved in memory can respond selectively to a wide variety of facial instructions and emotions this is a research as high one cell recently freed he's a neurosurgeon their UCLA and his team found that single neurons in the human brain can differentiate between categories of visual images ranging from animals to photos of celebrities visual images can be generated in our minds I am a absence of actually looking at the MSU set our study reveals of the same brain cells that fire when a person looks at a picture of the Mona Lisa are in fact the same neurons and excite when the person is asked to imagine the Mona Lisa of course how he was able to this is a neurosurgeon and he was doing studies on people that had epilepsy where he was trying to get rid of the epileptic focus my surgery and as part of that they agreed to allow themselves to be subjected to the stimulation of different individual around to see what would happen and these people can actually be pretty awake when this happens and they can actually telling you what their thinking over what images there and then of course it would be brainwave studies that I have to have them imagine a picture of the Mona Lisa and they would see that same area of the brain light up as when they were actually looking at the that the Mona Lisa scientists record the activity of two hundred and seventy six single brain cells known as neurons after asking patients to imagine images of faces household objects spatial layouts cars animal food drawings obtained photos of famous people in complex patterns shown to them earlier the researchers found that no single neurons in certain areas of brain selectively altering their firing rates dependent depending on the images imagine and of course this doesn't say although it started one neuron it doesn't mean that the retrieval is going to be completely accurate and of course the retrieval process involves a lot more than one neuron there that's part of what we're dealing with so vital remember we talked about nutrition physical exercise is vital for memory adequate sleep is as particularly important being emotionally calm there are studies showing that when you are and stayed away on how that's different than helpful way to really know him and how hallways can be okay with memory but it's not okay as far as putting the sun setting on but as far as the best type of brain waves to BN when you are learning something new it turns out they do waves are best in data waves are when you're emotionally call and so being in a state of emotional columnists is very important but it also tends to be enhanced by Green name surroundings since I when you're outdoors and there is a hillside and you're able to listen to an instructor in that setting I think that's one of the reasons why Jesus liked to being out there on the hillside it is teaching something that his father may have thought regards to that but there is of course there's other benefits of the outdoors and negative ions are getting sunlight getting things like that the disadvantage of the outdoor world can be sometimes and that the distractions I can be significant and that can adversely affect the working memory in the world we live in today sometimes the distractions and outdo the benefits and NATO ways and so that's why indoor it sometimes happens to be the best learning environment but in reality it would be good if we can actually do more of that outdoor learning for the foregoing library or having an emotional comments kind of that restful attitude but not sleepy attitude and and that's quite important we talked about chunking is a memory enhancing techniques there is also something called structuring the more structure we have in our environment and the more structured we are the better we tend to be in regards to memory for instance trying to place keys notebooks and other use items in the same place each time you put them away reduces the chance that you will forget where they are and that's part of the structure and then another memory enhancement technique is associating studies show your actually much on more likely to remember two things then remembering one and that's one of the reasons why events are trying to learn someone's name if you can associate that name with something else connected with that person or even another person you're much more likely to remember their name when you come across again because you remember to things about them and not just one and in so that Association phenomenon is critically important also in regards the elevation I'm going to discuss seven types of why call normal member I shouldn't than what the world calls more I don't think they actually are normal but because they occur so frequently in our fallen human condition and I think the world has considered them normal normal is often described what the apparent healthy population can do time to time and because a variant of normal but we know that closely where the average population is under cholesterol level is not normal even though it was normal based on statistics but it's quite abnormal in regards to its increased risk of disease and I think is quite dry talk about the IQ in the Roman Empire I think it's a very clear when you look at the Bible times that people 's memory working memory had much more ability than just seven items that could be placed there are inner consolidation retrieval process was so good that when atoms hold staff what took place south remembered in precise detail and could retrieve it to tell his signs etc. and so you can go down generation after generation and nobody had to write anything down one of the reasons why there wasn't a written language leaving the ability to I mean the only reason to write something down is to remember and if your memory is very good you really don't need to write anything down and sell those individuals had such good memory processes of the transients and the things that we have problems with a systematic problem and finally they got to the point where they were also starting to have problems and that's when Moses recognized you know I'm not real well I've got it down but I'm not sure that previous generations have announced a while with the problems of resurfacing and so that's when he started to write down all the things that humans will instructor course we have this is more clear in the book of Genesis the first quote normal memory problem is transient now transient suggest major tendency to forget facts or events over time individuals are more most likely to forget soon after as learned as a time passes the likelihood for any increases some scientists regarded as beneficial because the quote clears the brain of unused memory making way for newer more useful ones I don't I think this is a problem that everyone does experience transients of memory studies show even those with quality photographic memories will experience transient the time individual suffering from amnesia resulting from damage than hippocampus related structures have normal short-term memory but are unable to firm our new long-term memories and they forget the information soon after I learned as a problem course with Alzheimer's and other diseases of hippocampus is that they don't have the ability to consolidate it and put it into that form this was an interesting study Squires Holly Hughes the O.J. Simpson murder trial verdict as a basis of their study of more than two hundred persons now one of the things that's out there is something called flash memory flash memory for those of you there old enough you might remember where you were when you heard about President Kennedy 's death for instance and you can remember what you are doing at that time etc. in something zircon of emotional and traumatic and meaningful you might remember where you were women when the Challenger exploded in those type of things and so the O.J. Simpson murder trial may not been quite sent out level that there was enough light going on in the nation that people were very likely to remember where they were when they saw the verdict when they heard about the verdict verdict actually was etc. we found that marked changes in memory occurred between one and three years after the information was acquired after fifteen while fifty percent of the recollections were highly accurate and only eleven percent contained major distortions in so these are people asked him to recall regards to the verdict and what they were and other things about the birth after nearly three years less than one third of the recollections were highly accurate and more than forty percent contained major distortions and so you can see what's happening here actually there were more people with major distortions about the event them actually what were true and only a third of individuals actually recollected in highly accurately interestingly individuals who were inaccurate often expressed high confidence in their inaccurate recollections and so they actually express a higher confidence in general than those who recollected it lately accurately and so that's something that you also tendency in memory those that are absolutely firm you know I'm one hundred percent sure that that term when I hear people say that makes me cringe as I recognize it is probably only about thirty percent chance of their accurate at that point but but nonetheless the real confidence that they have is not related to how accurate it actually is all one of the ways of improving the transient memory is getting enough melatonin at night and of course that's involved in a you know if you were to go to bed at midnight your melatonin production would start here here go up here and go down you'll actually decreased near the curb by almost fifty percent by going to bed at midnight versus nine o'clock and this is one of the significant advantages of growing to bed early to rise Brigham Young University to study under forty thousand students I found one lifestyle factor more connected the GPA than any other in our the early Nevada early to rise it wasn't total sleep time it was how early they went to bed I and that is is quite important on Alan Whitesell is about this some time ago sleep is worth far more before than after midnight two hours good sleep before twelve o'clock is worth more than one hours after twelve o'clock and in my studies I change after my freshman year of college and is a result of coming across this statement and a significant difference was made from then on out in regards to my GPA then she says physicians should practice what they teach they should teach that my studying after nine o'clock there is nothing gained that much lost and of course part of this is you are going to adversely affect your REM sleep you can adversely affect that melatonin level and what you think you're learning isn't necessarily be there teach and practice of the time can be systematically employed one duty after another attended to promptly not allow the lives of the midnight hours will not have to be employed and worried studies and so the efficiency and work in being able to get it done early etc. it is also and of course I even grandma taught early to bed early rise makes a man healthy wealthy and wise and of course it certainly the health partners evidence for that in the wise part evidence for that course again those two men obviously becomes more possible also studies are showing a relationship between calcium intake and intelligence particularly among population groups and I recommend just like our US government recommends a thousand milligrams a day in some foods are great food just are very high oatmeal nineteen milligrams lentils thirty eight quinoa medium weight hi one oh two rutabagas one forty seven mustard greens one fifty two that means one fifty four sesame seeds one seventy six blackstrap molasses one seventy six tale is this one one seventy nine but sesame seeds actually a pretty good source just two tablespoons one seventy six linear grains are to be your highest source on turnip greens two forty nine dollars or hazelnuts of the highest knot in it green so I is an excellent source of calcium just ten dried figs three sixty nine are things are coming in Oklahoma in abundance and very tasty a great source of calcium whole milk two ninety amaranth grain two ninety eight skim milk more three oh one collard greens three fifty seven by the way will you absorb more calcium skim milk or from turn dreams fields or more from turnip greens because dreams are an much alone phosphorus content areas iron phosphorus and you don't door and as much of the calcium alleles films on some are fair amount I care about is actually good source one cup three fifty eight and the highest source are lambs quarters now that's not the hind leg of a small sheet that is actually a weed and it's a quite a tender we've been very high in calcium and one that is connected by also you won't be able utilize your calcium unless you have vitamin D on board in both of those probably are related the melatonin study shows you don't have enough calcium or vitamin D in your diet you won't make the melatonin even if you go to bed early you won't make near as much and so those things are connected with your ability to consolidate those memories and vitamins of the long-term aspect of things and I recommend is a general health and you know what your vitamin D level as dental vitamin D twenty five hydroxy level of intelligence bunch of vitamin D stores in a fifty are higher than another important aspect of working with one's own hands in a real-world 3-D environment is imperative for all cognitive and intellectual development on this is something that surface thing is another problem with IQ in the last generation it's not just due to prematurity and other lifestyle factors is due to the fact that many kids today I just know how to work in the 2-D world and what's the reason with one work metalwork craft music or car mechanic classes dropped by many schools in shoulder wanting to play computer games at home the Western world is becoming a software instead of a screwdriver society research is showing the increasing time spent in the virtual world of computers is displacing hands-on play and hands-on learning in our kids 3-D learning allows young people experience how the world works in practice to gain understanding materials and processes and make informed judgments about abstract concepts and so this is a nurse to aspects comments I'm minimally summarizing another group of studies Doctor Eric Sigman is summarizing this study in regards to working with your hands but studies show that your frontal lobe actually works far better if you work with your hands even and on Monday and of sufficient matter manner for a couple hours a day so in other words no washing the dishes you know working with your hands out in the garden etc. enhances frontal lobe activity and function and if of course to get other advantages when you're working in a 3-D world you get those materials and processes as well on this study am going to summarize I just noticed the time is going by fast but well let's not some right Reverend is important compared with men and women who work thirty five to forty hours per week note to work fifty five hours or more showed a greater decline in reasoning ability over five years workers fifty five plus hours per week scored lower on a vocabulary tested both the beginning and end of the study they also showed a greater decline over time in a test of so-called fluid intelligence was related to a person 's ability to reason and problem solve employees who work long hours tend to have higher stress levels attended the sleep blasts they tend to drink more than their counterparts who work the standard workweek however that did not fully explain or lower cognitive tests performance what wasn't just the adverse sleep in the stress and the drinking there seem to be something about overwork itself on the produce problems over time in regards to that really comes out of the transient memory part absentmindedness is the second one this occurs as a result of a lack of close enough attention to what needs to be remembered individual may lose a set of keys simply because he or she did not focus on where they put first-place brain does not get a chance to end code the information securely and so again in a less structured environment where their sensory overload you can be much more likely to have that absent mindedness absentmindedness also involves forgetting to do something a prescribed time like taking medicine or keeping appointed because of lack of focus on things that can serve as cues or reminders the third memory problems blocking blocking is you know that you know it but you just can't think of someone asked your question the answer is right at the tip of your time but you have an inability to retrieve that memory of course this is just a retrieval problem and it can be properly stored but there's usually another memory similar to the one you're looking for is so intrusive that present you for accessing it or because you have an access than such a long time you don't have those pathways clear the other day I sat down to play a piano piece that I hadn't played for twenty years that I have memorized before and I can play the first measure and that was it and I then replay the first major in them the second and the third measure came to me and then I started over again and then more came to me and within about thirty minutes there I was almost able to put the entire piece the what was happening as the circulation activity of the brain had to be worked in the sauce a little bit before the rest of that could come out in the wild memories can start to become unblocked fortunately researchers of the people are able to retrieve about half a block memories within a minute that they just focus and like I was doing and how that area of the brain being massaging work that you're in and actually be able to come through a third memory problem is misattribution of misattribution is remembering something accurately in part with misinterpreting some detail like the time place or person involved at the right memory wrong source would also be as another example of misattribution also occurs when you believe a thought you had was totally original when in fact it came from something you'd previously read or heard that it forgotten about explaining cases of unintentional plagiarism in which a writer pass is awesome and voracious original when he or she actually read it somewhere before so that's this attribution as well the criminal justice system misattribution on the part of an eyewitness can lead to the arrest and conviction of innocent individual is done so and unfortunately tends to become more common with age another major problem is suggestibility suggestibility is a false memory that you develop because some on earth something gives you some key information our suggestion at the same time you're trying to retrieve a memory with the suggestion of bowling your mind into thinking it's a real memory while it be an example of best imagine you saw someone playing from a car as its antitheft alarm was blaring you can get a good look at this phase but another person on the street insisted that it was a man wearing an orange shirt later when the police show you photos of possible suspects are confused until you see a man dressed in an orange shirt menu point to him and I was purely due to suggestibility nothing to do with your actual memory and of course the major problem that can cause is in the criminal justice system in young children suggestibility is a culprit in memories and adults have incidents from your childhood that never really happened studies are demonstrated many children experience anyone has to recollect alleged incidents of sexual abuse several studies with three scores indicate that suggestive questioning by the police or other adults can lead children to assert that certain events occurred when vaccinated and of course that can be a problem as well and enters the problem of bias in regards to memory biases the belief that memory works like a camera recording what you learn with complete accuracy and of course that's a myth memory is filtered by personal biases including experiences beliefs prior knowledge and even the individual 's mood at the moment affecting how these memories are encoded within the brain the previous factors also influence what information is actually called up when an individual attempts to recall a memory study regards to this most interesting examples of people 's recollections are of their romantic relationships in one study couples that were dating were asked to evaluate themselves are partners in their relationships and initially and then two months later during the second session participants were asked to recall what they had said initially the people whose feelings for their partners in a relationship to become more negative recall their initial eval anyway is more negative than they really were on the other hand people 's feelings their partisan relationship to become more loving recall their initial evaluations as more positive than they really were that's called why SMS client and may divorce proceedings you'll see a totally rewritten history of the marriage of things that were not really accurate in regards to what was happening at all individuals as you know why I never really did love you etc. and and it was clear to everyone's eyes including the other spouse if there was a loving relationship earlier on etc. and that's how biased memory can become then another problem can be persistence of traumatic events negative feelings and chronic fears are we sometimes call it when it gets severe PTSD those with depression tend to have it more so are these people are especially prone to persistent upsetting memories persistent negative memories can fuel a vicious cycle of increasing depression while flashbacks which are persistent intrusive memories the dramatic manner a core feature of the researchers shown that persistent memories depend on the activation of those parts of the brain that respond to fear anxiety and emotionally charged information particular the amygdala many people learn to control persistent memories the therapy that helps the patient learn rattling to envision the traumatic incident without the intense fear eventually lessening DSD symptoms which is one of the things we call using cognitive behavioral therapy studies also show that if you have a traumatic event you're much more likely than not going to PTSD if you recorded as a journalist would and then just leave it aside instead of having to feel like you have to relive that time as well and of course study shelf you have a close memory that's much more healthier than an open unresolved memory and that's what this study took a look at a recent study in regards to PTSD the people open memory have more trips to the doctor etc. well I I realize that I talked when it was my up to now two minutes yet I wasn't able to drive to get to all of the things on what time is lunch I want to design your own heart is there another seminar twelve o'clock is no seminar okay you are right what I meant I recommend is that anyone who desires to leave at this point you're free to do so without any offense to me or anybody else here in the group but I am going to finish off some of the information that I have here and in that way you can at least get what we have there is an area of hypnosis I'm just going to go through this briefly but hypnosis decreases the frontal low ability are significantly in one of the ways of hypnotizing is entertainment television entertainment television decreases interest in learning reading decrease in IQ stars academic performance discernment increases daydreaming decrease in creative ingenuity significantly and this is study on adolescence the more they watch TV the lower their IQ the lower they are in regards to having attention problems in school not doing homework being bored at school not finishing high school and hating school fourteen -year-old who had one more daily our TV risk of academic failure the American Academy of pediatrics has really come out in regards to this they're having all the pediatricians put signs up no TV you like no smoking signs etc. on the studies are really conclusive in regards to the adverse effects of entertainment television entertainment movies on the frontal lobe brain music that can have its positive effect as well this negative affect a positive effect is primarily on the traditional classical type of music presented good for all of response large emotional response it can help with memory is one of the reasons why words of Scripture were to be put to music etc. it's very important but the upbeat music is not necessarily uplifting music when it comes in frontal lobe or the memory and a good classical music is also been shown to increase your creativity are significantly and also increase your happiness in general by increasing your eye by producing a positive mood this classical music will actually increase your scores and remote associates has to measure creative thinking you're feeling happy your attentional windows actually bigger it's like looking for a big window versus a small window and Alvin Toffler summarizes a number of studies he's a media expert secular media experts it says constant stimulation of the senses on the other hand shuts down the analytical processes and ultimately shuts down the ability to face life rationally so this of course involves MTV's essential images the syncopated rock 'n roll music all that type of stimulation will actually decrease your and local process leader escape techniques involve withdrawal after the rejection of discipline thinking when face difficult duties and decisions course of brain is a lot like a muscle if you don't use it you're going to lose it and this is part of the problem in regards to as we get older our intellectual training were in school when you're younger were actually we were to be in school for the rest of our lives in fact when were in heaven it's called the school of the hereafter and what happens as we can see that our children memorize their memory verses and were now memorizing our and hand then we wonder why our memory abilities decline with age it may not be a related but is due to the fact that were not utilizing our brains and in the ways that many of our young people were utilizing them in one of the ways the best intellectual training is the study of Scripture and even the memorization of Scripture studies show it can take about three to six months of really working hard at it before it really starts to collect even for a golf and so a lot of times I give up after the first week thanking her memory just isn't near as good as it used to be but if they keep working that area the hippocampus will grow just like a muscle row and you'll have the ability to actually do that now let me talk a little about Alzheimer's imagine for a moment what it would be like to suddenly be transported and all foreign world where almost nothing was comprehensible the people you talk to in the language they spoke everything I it was an unending stream of incomprehensible sometimes frightening activity for many people living with conditions such as Alzheimer's disease this is a daily reality and of course this is where you get to where your stage seven Alzheimer's we can understand what people are saying you know and of course Alzheimer's patients al


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