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Little-known Miracles of God's Creation, Part 2

Matthew Priebe

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Matthew Priebe Naturalist

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  • March 19, 2011
    4:30 PM
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so is a couple of the little announcements to start out our meeting like she said Rosie you want to get a hold of my previous meeting I did hear winners or three years ago on animals ethics and Christianity it's a very good place to get it because that was one of the first places that it needs new expanded form and whatnot so audio versus a very very good place to find that for those of you who are listening to this on audio verse two are not seeing this person that you will want to know a couple things we ask the animals website actually is that has hyphens in between each of the words so if that actually AES K CAG A and I am ALS sufferers ask the animals and so make sure you do that when you type it in that is a reference site for our ministry my wife and I is ask animals productions is what we call it and that I deals with our major presentations as well as our animals ethics and has the price lists and whatnot and information how to contact us and so that is a good source for those of you want to get some are material so those of you who have heard in my previous presentations in past years and heard me this morning will know that I talk about animals and I talk about animals all the time that is my focus and that's my area of expertise and on the lot exchange since I was here three years ago for me I got married since then and I've been traveling around with my wife and family since then as we go across the United States were traveling usually half of the year six or seven months of the year and that he should we generate a different church in different places we go from here to there and everywhere online with my father Dennis Brady and he holds his meetings I hold these creation presentations wherever we go and so on speaking virtually every week as we go around the United States so as this vessel stopped out of illness stay here all day and have a full day 's meetings into brand-new material so it's something that sounds them forward to all spring and now were going to get on with the rest the car presentation that we started this morning so those and from service zero this morning but there were his enemy continuing on with the animal world showing how the animal world is a wonderful demonstration of God 's creative power in all the different ways that he is made as of now yes after this point never had look at the Journal notices and other unusual animal than most people who may have seen before in a nature film the need not to her the name and say a strange name and it's not a very familiar name to most of us it is a type of African antelope and it is cold here not which is a native name from over in Africa that means giraffe that and so it's very obvious why they get the call that is a very long neck much longer than most antelopes of similar size they're not a very large envelope actually quite small and they actually never eat grass and sky right here is surrounded by absolutely no food he can't eat any of that that's not his food even though a lot of antelopes delete grass out in the African savanna 's this guy is not actually do any that easily looking for leaves on trees the nest 's sole source of nourishment he goes around with Susan and needs all the lower leaves off the bushes and that's where he gets his food source notices plenty trees around there is great but there are of course other envelopes which are out there eating the grass and the leaves and whatnot and pretty soon you know everybody's got a competing for the same bit of leadership reason you're running out of leaves from the lower branches of trees at that point most of the other aloes with this but their head down and start eating the grass it's no big deal for this guy can only leaves and so it leaves run out he's got to be in trouble so this point his special gift exam because once the leaves are gone from the lower reaches of the trees he does something no other aloe can do and that is standup scenarios standing up bracing himself against the tree trunks region leaves higher than any other antelope of his size and reach extra longneck extra long reach of his whole bodies able to reach in the event of horizons of these trees and stuff that's most other animals cannot get a notice here that he is a single long rod from his feet all the way up through his hips through his and his art on his torso and up to his neck to the top of his crown one long straight rod and gives imperfect balance and so not only can he stand up here and able on the leaves with perfect balances ease their braced against a tree trunk but once the leaves near the tree trunk are used in only the leaves out of the outer branches are available at that point no problem he just simply walks away and starts eating branches out farther he has such perfect balance that he can balance himself on a ballerina on his tip toes and work his way around the outside of the tree work is lazily outer branches and they are able to get all the leaves of anyone doing about him getting since the French is that nobody else can reach such an amazingly well-built animal is able to do this no other animal has this particular scale and so again another example of the ways that God has made an animal very different and very special and unique solutions into his particular habitat niche and is able to do so in a way that is quite unusual from other creatures one other odd little thing that has nothing to do with what we've been talking about these guys never drink any water and so they never need to go find a waterhole they simply are able to get all the moisture they need from the plant 's leaves they are able to extract moisture from inside another interesting animal that most people have heard of or know much about if I have seen it in an unmanageable now offense now first of all here is a couple of penguins from the southern hemisphere they are very familiar animals to us because we've seen lots of documentaries on the lots of major programs once the movies made about England seems like things are extremely popular animals and their little tuxedos they seem to be quite adorable they waddle across the icy landscape and somewhere were very familiar with the penguin moreover they only live in the southern half of the world and only found in the southern hemisphere even though not all of them live in ice and snowy conditions and living quite warm conditions whether all found south of the equator but up north we've have a completely different Burgess is the living and stopped up north we have a completely different bird that is very similar to the Penguins of the southern hemisphere and there are quite different a number of ways but they're basically the equivalent of penguins they live in the north in the Arctic Ocean and they are the profits now there are three species of puffins found around the coasts of North America Europe and Asia and they are found in rocky coastal areas and they swim in the water they will waddle along the land is like a penguin does and they are brightly colored and black and white and a lot of facial colors and whatnot there are three times one of them is called the horned puffin is called the tufted puffin and then you have the Atlantic puffin and so these three kinds of Conway North much farther than we are you will come down the coastlines and read along Northern California during the summertime but mostly have to go north and see him much closer to the Arctic they live in a rocky area where they can then land on the shoreline and they will then dig a burrow into the soft dirt and they will work their way down until he got to grow three to nine feet deep at the end of this girl they will lay their eggs and that's where they will hatch out the checks and they look always come in and feed their checks in these boroughs and so they're always time to the shoreline and the sea because the food is in the ocean and the young will be raised on the shoreline now you notice that these guys have webbed feet and this allows them to swim very easily in and that is like a duck swing through the water enables propel them this is the same as with the penguin may have the web feeds allow them to take their way through the water very efficiently as a both are built very similarly in terms of being able to swim around in the water surface the one big difference is that offense can fly may have wings that are kind of studying had a short they are able to power their way through the year that flap really quickly but that enabled actually fly very well no problem whatsoever which is quite different than a penguin which has no ability to fly whatsoever things are the masters of the underwater ocean areas swimming underneath the water like no other burden the world may have a very large horny bill which they used to catch this and in the end underneath the water and just like that the Muslims have a large horny bill which serves the same function catching fish underneath the water surface as a winner ready to fly out for the shorelines are going to take off at all to see and when they get far enough out there they land on the water service and I'm underneath they are a very buoyant burn unlike Penguin which dives underneath the water is quickly underneath is there so heavy and and intense these guys are very buoyant almost like a duck which is in a pop up to the surface very quickly and so they can have to need to power their way underneath and so the developers they have their webbed feet which will help for some underneath the water than I like an individual soak up the water so they have to constantly force themselves to stay underneath the water surface so here is flying underneath the water basically powering his way through the water with his wings as a basically what they're doing is flying underwater as well is flying above water with their wings that are looking for these fish right here to catch this is their typical food sources small fish of your schooling underneath there when they find one they are going to eat themselves they will catch it and they will start thrashing about it until they've succeeded in killing it and then they will swallow it down and Aaron and very satisfied with official Dave Scott however if they are saving it for their chicks that they need to take it back to their chicks to feed the chicks at that point they will catch it they will not scratch it up but will start at the back of their bill against their automobile they will put it underneath their tongue basically hold it in place and then they'll go off and catch another fish after they tell that one they will then lay it against the first fish with her tongue over and hold it down go out and catch another as late as the first to first and on and on it goes until he caught and stored in their league and twelve little fishes stacking them up a little rose with their heads and bodies picking out for me to sign a bill very neat and orderly once they filled up their bill with fish at that point they will then take off from the water surface and fly back to their Berlin feed their young in this way they don't have to make multiple trips one trip or fish that are able to carry as many as possible and available in this way and in and make it as efficient as possible similarly Lebanese birds and they're going about their business kitchen there are fish and going about about the underwater lifestyle basically what you're looking at is a penguin which has the ability to fly because of basic lifestyles the same they basically have the same diet and habitat requirements but they are basically able to do what the one thing that penguins are unable to do and so they have the best of both worlds and in terms of personality I watch these guys off the coast of Alaska in their flying around in the ocean and on the seashore and they are the most winning personality they are really charming little birds is a squawk to each other and carry-ons and tumble about and they are just adorable little creature and so they had a lot of personality to them they are often called the sea parents because of their vocal on this and their colorful lesson and whatnot and like I said they have the one ability that the famous Penguins lack and that is the ability to fly as well as slim now to send their is a has been nicknamed the honey bear now we'll think of bears going out eating from the honey combs and whatnot and a lot of bears love honey but these guys really love honey this event is one of their main sources of food they love Heidi they love these they love the large motherly love termites and in these types of nesting material nesting insects they just love to pillage their nests and get all the honey in an environment that they cannot buy you notice they are very short referred and like the Bears were more used to North America and that is because these guys live in a very hot climate they are found in India and in Asia and so they live in very hot tropical areas of sleeve short Fern ordered meal to keep themselves in overheating and getting to the place where they can be so sweltering and so that's why the first a much shorter but the most noticeable thing about these guys is their pigeons out when they are walking along each foot they put in front of him is just about stepping on each other and it doesn't look very well-designed it doesn't look like I came up with a real winner on this one because when you walk along with these and very lumbering gait on the ground there very awkward looking and it just doesn't seem right so maybe gotten quite make the best creature he got up with this one but then he realized these are not really designed to be on the ground there's supposed to be up in trees and that's where they spend most of their time they like to climb up and down trees they rest in trees they sleep in trees they get their food from trees from the nests of insects and termites and so when they put their pods around the tree trunk all of a sudden it's perfectly well-built to climb up and down a tree trunk this patient shows exactly what they need in order to feel the dig their claws into the trunk and be able to Vince shinny up and down the trees very efficiently and easily and so when you see them in a zoo they don't look very efficient they all look very well-built when you see them in their natural habitat going about their way that actually they are intended to they are in fact extremely well-built in fact God made them just right for what their lifestyle is a enormously long claws and that again is helping dig into the art of trees as their climbing as well as digging open the and termite colonies and be able to rip them open in that way using those very long on this very long claws their time is also extremely long as about eight to ten inches long and once they both cracked open a nest and they can stick that long tongue in there and get all the insects that live out of it and that's how they are able to reach these things of being would never be able to do there also fruit eaters which they seems strange for America they will go up and find nothing for you and are able to crack open an entire shell of a young not with their jaws made enormously strong jaws with which they're able to do this as everything that is just incredible far more than you ever think so again another example of God 's ways of making animal special that sometimes we look at him superficially we can attend the bank assets let's eventually see them the latest most of the air in fact a very well-built and put together now for those of you who love little creepy Crawley things you love this next section because running a look at some of the ones that are found in our backyards in our woods and fields that some people find just absolutely repulsive and graphs but when we look at some of these little creatures like this we see some of the most amazing designs God is ever come up with and this is one of my key things when were talking about animals it doesn't do as much good sometimes to talk about just that mammals and the birds and whatnot sometimes when you look at the insects and the other invertebrates we find some of God 's greatest creations that you could possibly imagine so here we have a slot at a snail crawl along here with us shall in their very famous because they carry their home on their back and are the ultimate creature able to have his moving transport because they live inside their shell and the crawl along wherever they need to basically their entire body is one long foot that allows them to glide forward along the surface of whatever they're crawling along and their able in this way to move wherever they need to up down upside down on vertical surfaces whenever ancillary will basically one long foot with their face appear in their body tucked away inside the shell there shall actually gets bigger as they grow they start out with a very small shell the center they keep adding segments to the shallows they get bigger and so they are actually increasing the spiral of their shell as they get older and older may look to the shell allows nice big shell is actually half the size of a dime and since very tiny shell is his assailants found will one Mountain Arkansas and as he only plays in the world unless as other very specific ranges for some of these creatures that they are found in only a few very narrow areas number one rule about these guys may have to stay moist they have to stay in places where they're going to keep their bodies wet at and at all times and so that's what Michelle because he gets too dry they can retreat into it but when it gets wet enough for them to be active they can stick it out and crawl around on the ground and there's no problem whatsoever as long as they stay moist enough the skin has to stay moist or they will die so here they are crawl along doing their thing they had their eyes at the tips of these long stocks when I first stopped and able to wave them around he can see very much that it is only conceived right in front of them light and dark they don't have very good vision but they do have good eyes for what they need now they're going around looking for plant material is the vegetarians and so they're looking for any kind of live or dead plants that they can use to eat and they will come across the plant and they will start to rasp it was a very rough time on the other side of their mouth and here's their time right here here's basically their Bigfoot and ears antenna and right here is whether to mouth and tongue is and they will scrape that sound against whatever plant material they are eating and pretty soon it's all raw step to the point where it's coming into their mouth and here is one eating and yours worked a hole in the inside of this plan is that you go back and find in your garden because all the leaves been eaten by your sales back there because as what they been doing scraping off the vegetation to build a digestive now in places where it dries out for a good long for a good chunk of the year these sales have the ability to basically hibernate estimate in their shells until wet weather comes again this one I photographed in big band and in Texas and right near the Mexican border and it gets very hot there it's a desert area and so whenever it gets too hot for the meal the function they withdraw themselves into their shell they basically secrete a glue around the outside of the shells of they will themselves to be underdogs on whatever there is still no moisture escapes from their shell or from mesons sealant on the front and then they will wait it out until the rain comes again and moistened that the sealant allows them to build break out again and go about their business because now the wet time of year has come again very much dependent upon wet conditions whether it's for part of era during the night here wherever it happens to be they have to say wet at all times now the one thing that another ill another thing the gardeners notice when they go on their backyard and look around and see all these snails holes in their plans they will also notice something else where the snails have been crawling around during the night and that is a glistening trail of slime that has been left behind by these guys wherever they happen to be going and that is not just because they leave a mess because they're annoying but this is actually a vital component of their existence as they are crowing about everywhere they go they leave behind a lot of slime this is because as they are moving forward their underside of their foot is actually exhibiting slime it is actually filling in all of the minute depressions on the ground in front of them which allows them to glide their body over the slime trail and avoid the kind of roughness that would normally occur if they didn't have the slime trail and so is there moving forward then you can see here he's creating his own highway that he has left behind here as he's moving forward is basically the same principle as if you are driving your car along in your car is automatically filling in the potholes for you as you drive this would be a valuable function a lot of us would really pay some money for it we had available in cars and these guys have that built into them automatically because whatever their crawling their filling in the difference in front of them wherever they happen to go and so this is great for them because there able to smooth the path in front of them but that's a lot of energy is a lot of resources are putting out wherever you go wherever your crawling to you putting in this line of are our resources so if they can conserve their slime may well answer whenever they lay down a trail of slime they tend to come back the same way and others liked snails come across these slime trails and they use them themselves and they don't have to put downs lining up to waste any material of their own and so it always nails are reusing each other 's trails not only that but they're also putting down chemical signals down under these trails are that the next sailor comes along can read in the slime trail who has come before it someone is ready to mate if it's a larger smaller sail whatever different species they are able to communicate with each other using their slime trails so instead of having a phone to communicate a talk with line that seems very weird and disgusting to us but that's the way they were made and fell with the snails group of creatures we have a very interesting way for these guys to function which is very alien to us and all of its different parts now the second group of animals were to look at here the slots now salons are basically the same as snails except for the shell has been removed they don't have a shelter retreat into and so they're completely exposed at all times their entire body is open to the elements and so these guys have to be able to stay moist and they have nowhere to retreat to so these are much more dependent on moisture conditions they have to be in an area that stays wet for most of the time or else they're not good to be able to function these guys are very very sensitive to how much moisture is in the air how much moisture is in it will enable always take off and head for shelter before they get through dried out because they don't want to die out there because the dry out and so here we have our very famous banana slug this is the slide that is our largest slug in North America the native slug it's found in our Pacific Northwest forests it's found in the redwood forests up along the coast from all the way to California we just saw one in the Big Sur area runaway down here and they are just wherever you find redwoods you find banana slugs now when researchers were looking at banana slugs a few years ago you said I want a banana slugs reading the daily ramblings and they started to put up with the plot up of little baby redwoods and eight enclosed much of slums in there with them to see if the slums would be the baby redwoods and they found that the slugs ate everything but the baby redwoods they would not touch the redwoods at all and so with banana slugs going about their business there are actually helping to read what's there giving the redwoods a head start in life because the on trees do not have to compete with all the other plants when it's annual seedlings because the slugs have eaten all those soon we see these three hundred foot trees of the redwoods in the Pacific Northwest and Northern California we can thank the banana slug gardeners for that because they're the ones who are helping these redwoods get a head start in their life that they would never get otherwise a very good job in the now when we look at these slugs again have the same sort of body structure that the sales do they have the antenna sticking out of the front that the tips of which are their eyes here is one who is using his rasping tongue to scrape away at the underside of a mushroom using reading this plant material Sunday material and so they are able to see using these little pinpricks aspects of eyes in the tips of those things but underneath those just like a sale that have another pair of dealers which point downward the ones of the eyes point outward through the these down your point downward and others do not have any icebox at all they cannot see with those but those are chemical receptors just like the fish that we are looking at this morning chemo receptors are able to actually analyze what's going on in front of them using these little feelers touching whatever is in front of them on the ground and so they're able to feel just like the sales and with their feelers knowing what is happening around now this is something that is hidden by the shell of snails right here is how they breed nine normally can see that in a sample of this slug it's very obvious that a large hole in the side of their body which they can open or contract of any of how much oxygen they need and that will allow oxygen to pass five years where they are able to use it to breathe on the inside that's basically them along on the side of their body and in equivalent seven and they are able to expand it when they need to bring in more oxygen and or contracted when they need to close it off and so that's another unique feature of snails and slugs that most animals have quite a different system from this writer 's call of thorough slide because he has these very furrowed looking back at variable to an almost like tool projections sticking out there this is not native to North America but it's very common up in the grounds of trees up in the Northwest and this is the same type of animal solid black very strange little animal because when he gets into trouble when something comes along and bothers him he actually contracts himself up as tight as he possibly can until he is a tight little arched ball and then he begins to sway side to side for no apparent reason just waiting for the danger to go away not sure how that's a good defensive tactic but they always do it when anything ever bothersome but this right here is the best defensive tactic of any slug I come across these are called tail dropping slugs they are found north of up in Oregon and Washington and British Columbia very dependent on the very wet forests up there they are a native species and if something attacks them and goes after them right here at this point they can actually self amputate their tail and they can leave it behind for the predator to eat and enable people to crawl away and escape from the predator and allow themselves to regrow their tail another day or they can then start over and grow the new tail and that he will live to survive until the next summer predator comes along to Jackson so it is very useful defensive measure just like lizards who will lose their detail and be able to escape in the same process so it would look at the snails and slugs for treating crawlies out of the woods on our gardens and we always assume they're just the worst ever creature you could possibly imagine we are seeing in fact a very intricately but well-built located little creature that most of was never even dreamed to have are as intricate as vacant as they actually are now sea otters are a very charismatic creatures found in the oceans of the world now this right here is not as the honor this is a river otter now there are some quite a few different species of freshwater otters found around the world they are variety of sizes some of them are quite small some never quite large they all have the same basic behavior and made the same diet of fish they swim around in freshwater rivers and ponds and lakes looking for fish to catch they are extremely playful animals always playing with each other usually in family groups they are very active so animal some of the smallest are like this one found in Asia there only like a foot and a half long and full-size some of them are quite large some of the ones in South America get to be about seven feet long including a very long tail is about the longest and largest freshwater owners we have all of them understand easily function the same way just a matter of where each one list but they have a relative in the ocean which is quite different because he's living in saltwater sea otters that are found in the world seawater areas are extremely different from the ones found on the laugh and they will have a lot of different characteristics because of one major difference they live in salt water eleven incident living in freshwater and that affects everything they do as we will see here's still a river otter here is a CR of these guys are enormously click cute animals they have a very large size or about thirty two hundred pounds depending on the individual they are there is only one species of sea otter found in the world they are found along coastlines along our California coast all the way over to Russia there are very these to be extremely common Telford trading cable line killed off most of them they virtually were extinguished except in a few isolated spots they have rebounded very well off the coast of California in a week and a half ago the Lisa and I were on the point Lobos State Park just south of Monterey Bay and we are watching these guys playing in the surf and having a good time and swimming around in diving and was really having a wonderful time is the best place to watch the honors anywhere icing on the West Coast very very good place to do it but they are extremely furry animals they are much freer than their cousins on land and the in the freshwater areas a sea otter has one million hairs per square inch is the densest furred deferred animal layout of any mammal in the world it has denser than any normal in the world and so that is an extremely dense plus code and that is to keep the more because mostly animals like seals and whales and whatnot of blubber to keep them warm the water is very cold in the ocean receding out all the warm out of a mammal and so these guys have to be able to stay warm in order to build a function and so the area or areas with his kinsfolk or conifer and so dance of the water never touches the skin and this prevents them from losing any body heat to the outside and so they don't get hypothermia like we would insane situation but there's a problem with that because a mammal at all times is good to be losing his first usually a lot of the time as anyone with a cat or dog knows that shedding season and all of a sudden you got cat hair everywhere and so that is because of losing at all because it's getting warmer they need to redraw and so I mean that's a very serious problem if you're this guy because if you lose all your firm welding in antifreeze adapting a time to regrow your firm so like any other mammal these guys are actually losing a few hairs of the time all year long there constantly shedding a little bit of the times they never lose all different ones and so God is given in its ability be able to learn blues and effort one time to be able to survive the cold all the time the other problem with this whole system is it has to be kept very very clean and so a good chunk of their time each today is grooming therefore as there always cleaner for licking it off making sure it's wireless boundaries no dirt is on it now allows him to keep it clean and and and hypothermic ladle repelling the cold at all times in such a very useful thing for them to do now once they are ready to eat they're going to die down underneath the water swim down to the bottom of the NL collected down out down there never these crabs abalone is also the shellfish cloud crabs that's what they get their food but a lot of those regions have really thick shelves and really stern defenses which are not really get into unless you're able to break it open and so when they come up to the surface with their food if they know that an entity to crack it open they will also grab a large flat rock food in one hand flat rock in the other arm and they will swing back up to the surface within the U the flat rock on it just and enable take the food and crack it until classes open and just last week we are watching was a smashing is because he couldn't water splashing everywhere he was very energetically smashing his food bits and if they break it open if they are wanting if it was really good rock if it really fit well and often hold it under there are no finds more food morning drop it and so there actually a tool using animal that they are able to in this way to get their food get there too old crack it open and use it for later very intelligent in that way they are going down there using their positive crack open to pry off at various shellfish off the bottom of the floor the retractable claws they are very sensitive pads on the underside of their feet with which they're able to pick off me food from the sides of the Albania Florida once they are ready to go to sleep they do something else that's quite unusual they go to the service and before they go to sleep they wrap themselves up in attempts of the kelp fronds that are attached to the bottom account runs a big anchors down there they trail up to the surface of the water and the Robert L Franz around their body until there tied up very nicely anchored to the sea floor and then they will go to sleep and they will be guaranteed of waking up pretty much where they started because it's like an anchor holding them down enough to worry about getting out to see when the babies are born to the mothers in the springtime they are so bland and so lightweight they can even dive under the water they cannot get themselves operate the water surface and when the mother dies down to get food she wraps them up until it ties into the seafloor so that she can come back to the exact spot fine where they are otherwise you never know where to look because it would be scripting off through the oceans when we're at point Lobos we are watching little babies with their mother one of them was swimming by owner back in the baby was sitting on her chest and traveling often the place is very very enjoyable day watching these guys do their thing so we look at the Sea otter we see what difference the fact that they live in salt water affects everything they do their behavior their physical structure the way they go about their daily life they are able to drink seawater saltwater as their kidneys are so well built as a filter out all the sound salt out of it aloud and then to use that now purified water to be able to function without that they were there no access to fresh water so all of these features built into them allow them to function in the sea which none of their land living cousins would be able to do and then in the process they are actually one of the most engaging enjoyable creatures to be able to watch anywhere that you can imagine Reisenauer back to landowners and was found in freshwater areas of the of the world and the other thing that it has become very interesting with the sea otters is something that we actually were able to witness ourselves back before people came to North America and started killing them off they were a short down creature they actually lived on the shore they would swim out and get their food they would raise their young in the store they were very what on Lancelot but once they started to be killed off by all of the first traders who wanted to use them for further pals actually in order survived became a totally aquatic animal they never came to shortly gave birth raising young out of the ocean they never functioned again on the land now that they have been protected now that their numbers are rebounding now at this point the sea otters are actually returning to their old ways very slowly and very erratically a few are being seen on short leaving having their young I'm sure something different things like that but it's not very often you see that in a week ago my wife and I watch that happen is one crawled up onto the shore clean himself off and curled up and went to sleep in the sunlight it was something that the people department never even seen themselves it's a very rare occurrence to be overcome across that but is a very special thing showing off how they will adapt their behavior to meet changing circumstances of outside forces right now we look at a bird that is found throughout the world called Aji it's not really found in North America although just barely but Nicholas down in the corner of Texas but that these guys are found in South America South America Africa Asia there called Chicana they are basically awaiting bird like 's sandpipers and so shorebirds and that sort of thing that you would notice the first thing that they have enormously large feet much longer chosen you'd expect this is their normal habitat out of the middle of a swamp or marsh where there's a lot of water lilies growing up on the water surface of the water lilies here are not very sturdy allergist you know strong enough to support themselves on the water service but is an animal tried to walk across the discuss link underneath the water service announcement to be very efficient and crosslegged across them but these guys have such enormously long toes that it actually distributes their weight so evenly that they are able to walk upon the Lily pads without thinking them and so they walk all across the Lily pads is basically the same as walking on land for them for these birds and able to reach all the story and all the service in sex than other birds which cannot be old to walk out there would yell to reach an center from walking all over these lonely paths everywhere they go thanks to their feet their feet are what makes them special and makes them unique and allows them to move to places that other birds would never have access to now when breeding time comes in these birds lay their eggs most birds like this are to be forced to go to the store and lay their eggs on an island or something in the middle of the marsh for this bird actually builds a nest attached to the floating plants and a billet in such a way that if the water level raises are false the nest raises or falls with it they tested loosely to the plants that can go up and down with the raising or lowering of the water level now they lay their eggs inside that nest in a garden they are protected just like any other bird but every once in a while something will happen away evil buyer some disturbance or an alligator might somebody not been asked or something will happen and they eggs will get knocked out of the nest for most birds that is going to be a fatal incident it's going to kill the eggs because the eggs are actually observing oxygens through their shells and serve you put in a underwater the chicken side will die you can't breathe inside her even though it's done in one zip is absorbing the oxygen through the walls Michelle for this egg is quite special when it falls into the water it floats above the water surface enough so that it is able to prevent itself from being submerged and the oxygen is still able to enter the shelf until the parent arrives in time to see that it's a exhibit knocked out and it is able to scoop the example to back in the nest and go about incubating it as if nothing ever happened and so unlike any other bird which would normally have the same problem these birds are able to have eggs that float and allow them to survive in this very specific and unusual habitat pseudo- scorpions as a major notice pseudo- scorpion is nobody knows it is serving as our first moment of scorpions because this is something we all are familiar with these guys are very distinctive Hervé knows what a scorpion looks like they are found in the deserts of the world they are found in the forests that various parts of North America we are having a lot of different species of scorpions their favorite habitat is the desert and they all have very distinctive shapes they got their long claw arms sticking out here the head 's up here and they have their aid there immediately is on here and of course their very famous scorpion stinger that they have the very end which contains a ball the minimalist was able to defend themselves or attack their prey so this is their very distinctive shape it were all familiar with they have their eyes right here is a little black dots set at the top and their mouthparts are appear was able to feed upon other insects they go about taking other insects that cellular food and here is a scorpion underneath a black light this is when you signed the black light upon this work and it will blow the surface of the skin reflects the light in such a way that you have this very distinctive glowing a color to it and actually this is how you go about finding scorpions in the desert you take a black-white review shine on the ground whenever you see some glowing you got yourself scorpion and so it's very interesting way to find an animal it's usually nocturnal and hard-to-find this right here is the same exact animal that this one is under normal lighting is the same one that I photograph of normal lighting as well as photographed with it under black light and says what a difference it is when you see them with natural light as opposed to blacklight so this is an animal we're all familiar with knowing what the shapes are good here we now have a pseudo- scorpion and it is called a pseudo- scorpion because it mimics a scorpion it looks like a scorpion and that's what its name means it has the same kind of picture arms that were are reaching out forward has the same kind ahead and over here however it doesn't have the same tail there is no stinging tail sticking out here and that is their major difference that this sets the apart from a regular scorpion now Acer has Guardian is poisonous but for two reasons is not dangerous to us the reverse reason is that it has no interest in causing the damage it's too small to do with damaged and here you can see one next my fingernail and this is a fairly large pseudo- scorpion on photographing your they are so small that they had no capability of causing us any damage they can I appears her skin they cannot inject any venom into us and therefore they are totally harmless to people people doing us any damage they are however very voiceless to their prey which is instead smaller than themselves now we think about that that's a whole amazing miracle in and of itself but there's anything smaller than this guy but yes there is there going around catching insects that they are actually smaller than AR they do so with their front arms in these of the same looking type Barnes as the scorpion however this is where these guys store their manner right here and right here they keep their venom in their cloth hands and when they grab a smaller insect they injected venom directly into the insect with those clients and I will paralyze the food zealot in the middle be able to even without any kind of a struggle and so they are very much a aggressive predator two but they just on such a smaller scale than we have a hard time even relating to them or even noticing when they're around actually quite common but most of the places that they live in we must never really looking around for social creatures and we don't easily notice them now some of these guys are blind some of them have two eyes some of them have four eyes and can see quite well and so when you come across one of these little creatures if you move your finger toward them and they back away you know they can see you if they don't even move you can pretty much figure they are blind and can't seal and so they have a very this difference thing on the species also they have silk glands in their mouth area with wood same as the stem cells like a caterpillar like a spider and they use that to build themselves a little homeland able to put themselves together will shelter and unable to crawl inside those shelters and go about their business advertising of sleeping on our dinner and protected from predators and that's how they move around and get themselves a place to live by spinning silk in their galleries now here was a mock that I was photographing in Tennessee I was taking pictures of a variety of different moths species on the walls of the night lighted buildings and after I took this one picture I was looking at the picture on my camera and I said what is that little weird Bob and I blew up my camera and I noticed they are sitting on his hind leg attached by one arm was a pseudo- scorpion hanging on the right hind leg of this law now he's not training a Bismarck these not trying to poison him he's not injecting any venom into this model he's just holding on because when this monster flies off this guy becomes a flying taxi for this little pseudo- scorpion they fly off to a whole new spot and install guide goes with them and lands in a whole new array that he would never be able to reach otherwise and so they are a very high well built to fly along with this one guy hanging by one arm for dear life until the mock lands on his next spot is not something you normally expect to find hanging from the side of a month but this is their way of transporting themselves and I decided truly amazing pictures of I didn't realize when I took the picture now here is a click beetle there are these guys are found across North America this one I was looking at was found in the Sierra Nevada and I was watching this clip you'll take the pictures of the click beetle everything was female normal insect fine that's nice at the point when I was done with them I let them go he raised up his wing cases which covers entire rear abdomen in his wings a little lives when sticking out there raised up his wing cases and started to spread his wings to take off and writing that moment I noticed there was something very strange underneath his wing cases I immediately grabbed and held on to you look underneath which I really couldn't do because if you try to lift these things out there so tight against her body in a break inside and want to do any damage so I just waited a few moments let them lose again raised a puzzling cases about flying and I realize that what I was saying was covering his entire abdomen from here to here about a colony of about thirty to forty pseudo- scorpions living underneath behind wing cases of this large beetle now what are they feeling under there are they are parasites are they causing them problems what is their purpose under their lives research and found out that these guys are a very beneficial aspects of this particular type of beetle because they need the tiny parasitic mites that live on Beatles and so this guy provides shelter and transportation for the pseudo- scorpions and in return as soon as guardians keep this guy free of parasites and so it works well for both parties and so is very strange thing identifying a doesn't seem like a very fun lifestyle the live underneath the wings Mobile flying from place to place but that's what these guys call home so when we look at the tiny creatures and they are never to find more tiny creature than the pseudo- scorpions you are seeing another way that God has made intricate and amazing detail and some of the smallest animals we can imagine and this is why I love the look of the small creatures I love to investigate the tiny little animals found throughout the world because some of them have the best and most amazing designs of any animal we could care to mention a lot of people study the big animals because they're easier to find and whatnot but these guys can find everywhere in your backyard and they have some of the best and most amazing specializations of God is ever made tadpoles now last time when we talked about the six-foot well it's five thirty ready I went really fast okay how about that I'm actually it actually skipped forward on this is whenever you have enough time and was not one of keepers here too long I tried remember Dino is using the one asked questions anyone look at pictures will vote yes you want to be here till ten o'clock to I will do one more and then will skip Erickson on our last time we talked about the gods amazing miracles of creation we talked about butterflies and moths and butterflies must transform themselves into the adults from caterpillars and it's one of the greatest miracles of God 's army ever imagine I was in her previous presentation three years ago but they hide themselves when they transformed inside cocoons inside chrysalis they don't like to see what's going on in his transform where nobody can see them in the way frogs and toads go through virtually the exact same miracle transformation the butterflies and moths do however they let you watch them do it and so they are very accommodating and so it's quite an interesting thing to watch this process take place when they start off the mother will come along and lay her eggs near a wet source whether it's water freshwaters of some sort out of those eggs will hatch tadpoles and all temples look basically the same with each other it is very hard to tell species apart but Allen is basically round oval shape of the tail sticking out and I streets handful classic shape now they can be quite common in a river or pond or whatnot wherever they happen to growing up they get bigger as they grow they get larger but they basically say as soon the same shaping of early change until they're ready to transform some places you get high density like you can see right here now when the time comes they gather enough energy to gotten old enough now it's time to transform themselves into their adult version of themselves as at this point now the miracle transformation starts making it quite large this point ready to transform at this point little ones began to appear right at the base of their tail and pretty soon those but start to grow out and they assume their hind legs shake even though there is still quite Estonian small as a layout right now to sign legs and is still swimming around details there's still breathing with deals because her underwater all the time and they're going about their business still even though this is now turning to ground freezes in the legs are getting fairly well-developed and at that point little buds form appear along the sides of their body and pretty soon out of those old buds grow the front legs as now you got the hindlegs basically ready to go the front legs are coming along and now the head and body began to transform themselves into the adult shape at this point now it becomes flatter there consumes more like the adult look to their face and whatnot and also one last transformation partner detail starts to shrink because the actual cells of their Taylor being basically cannibalized by the baby to transform into the legs in the feet and whatnot because of transforming inside their body moving cells around moving energy around from place to place until they can transform their entire body also at this point they are now growing lungs inside their body because of the Arab breeders very quickly and pretty soon they stick their nose up out of the water start to breathe a lungful of air and they will never need to use their jails again and from this point forward there deals shrink and die away and disappear and now they're going to be a fully air breathing creature their legs are fully drawn out their tail shrinks to nothing and now they be assume the adult shape that they will carry the rest of their life at this point some leave the water some will stay in the water and depending on the species but they are all now adults ready to go about their life so they go through this entire miracle transformation in front of us they transform themselves step-by-step allowing us to see how a very specific type of animal can transform itself into a very very different type of animal right in front of our very eyes and this is truly a miracle that God is worked out he has made these animals to transform it it is also one of the big problems of evolution how this sort of an processing of all were two totally different animals basically are able to evolve from one common stock very serious problem in the revolutionary ideas but these are guys and a lot of personality a lot of charisma and they allow you to watch and transform themselves from one stage to another network to skip down to the end because we do not want to go to law anyone he wants to see the entire presentation including the one Thanksgiving that will be available tonight is a DVD so that is something for those of you who want to see everything I write this right here is a miracle of memory when we look at this bird is for Clark's Nutcracker is found in the tops of mountains the tops of the Sierras the tops of the Rockies cold areas very active in cold-weather areas they are looking for tying Steve specific types of pine trees and when the pinecones are right giving off their scenes for their own reproduction that's when these birds get their food because they store these scenes by the thousands now they come across I'm going to have a pouch on their inside of their throat where they are actually able to swallow up to eighty seeds into their throat the whole in the pouch and then they fly off every filter pouch up and they start to cash these thieves in hiding places around their territory in the territory of a pair of these birds about twelve square miles into that territory they will start put down cash is about five to ten seeds per they will then laughter but if you are down I got that going to the hide a few more until they run out of steam so the Latin collect another batch of seeds start to go off and hide it again in this way they go around collecting seeds and stashing them in this process they will establish up to nine thousand five hundred caches per pair of birds up to thirty three thousand seeds will be stored over the course of the summer time I collecting so all of this is a very high volume of material and they are now putting down once they put it down all right now they go back and more in all there is no more the season stopped producing it's the end of the season producing time for the scenes so this point now you're out of luck if you have no seats available somehow they go off and start looking for the seeds of the attached now you have to remember where you stored nine thousand different caches in your twelve square-mile territory and answer your memory is a better kick in or else you're going very very hungry enough to survive very long so now you're going out to get collecting is these your caches and out wintertime comes in the snowfalls on the ground and now your stores your stored seeds are hidden underneath three feet of snow but that's okay because they can find and even hidden underneath Reese peters now they can recognize the places where they have cash them and they are able to in this way find all the seeds of a store Ya I may have to memorize that okay the question was how do they know I have what is their memory coming from they are remembering the location there murmuring the tree shapes the belt holders the rock shapes so they are actually remembering what the place looks like simply of a mental picture of it in their head and the look in the general location that they know they stored seeds and so they have to basically a photographic memory you are the pine seems that's a very good question I don't nutritionally have an answer for whether or not the pine seeds increase your memory and whether it's helping to help them in their memory I can't even begin to answer the nutritional requirements of that could very well be so now they lay down the stores are finding all winter and now springtime comes now springtime is important on your server is because it's now time for them to reproduce now at this point they lay their eggs just like any other burn mother sits on the angst is like any other bird and she has a blue patch on her just like every other bird and this is where the feathers on her chest will disappear during the breeding season and allow bearskin to come in contact with the eggs so that she can then transfer her he directly to the cold eggs keep the more this is great because all female birds have missed that need to keep their eggs warm but male birds don't have that and so the males out looking for food he gets all the feeds if you can find because he's cast all the seats but she is cashed out the seeds and he doesn't know where she's Castor half of the seats and so if he was the only one out getting food they would probably run out of food because she can't help him cat to find the seeds that she is store so this is a very serious problem that has been solved by God 's providence the male bird comes up to the female the female gets often as she flies away looks for her seems that she is start the mail sits down and with his own brood patch he keeps the eggs warm is one of the only male birds in the world that has brood patch that can keep the eggs transfer warm continuing even though he's the mail and most male birds cannot do that and so God has given to these animals the ability for them both to share the duty equally of collecting food raising the young keeping the eggs warm and so it's a very evil partnership that they are able in this way to provide enough food for themselves and be able to raise their young in the springtime yacht it could be not sure if they have the male has a bruised pattern on that side got that could be I have never investigated that the mail has the brute passion that our rights and others one thing that some people come to my meetings complain about too many greedy crawlies too many insects too many snails and slugs tell me oddly little animals we need more pictures of cute animals not enough mammals not enough birds come on his show is that cute animals as let's have more to animals out as their complaint I often get from some people so for those people who feel that way we are now going to look at one of the cutest animals you could ever imagine this is a tight and this is a relative of rabbits it doesn't have long ears like a rabbit it has very short years because it lives in cold climates when he's a retainer teeth but is actually a very small relative of the rabbits this guy right here is found in high mountain areas the singular places that the Clark's Nutcracker is found often find the two together very cold rocky areas in places that have a lot of open rock slopes where they can find their homes they live underneath these older slopes they go crawl underneath the rocks and that's where they will find their place to live now these guys are very sensitive to warm weather they cannot live where it's warm at all if you expose one of these creatures to temperatures higher than seventy six degrees for more than a few hours they are going to keel over dead they have to stay cold all their life in places that are very rugged and places that are very exposed to the winter elements now when they're running around in the summertime there's plenty of green material available because that's hate it summer there's a lot of growth everything is great and so they're collecting as much food as possible to eat but in wintertime which last about eight or nine months of the year that green vegetation is not going to be available and so they're going to need to have food sources to last all year or they're going to need to move away like other animals will migrate or there do need to hibernate going to sleep like a Margaret Seville sleep out the cold winter months these guys do neither of those things they do not hibernate they do not migrate they have to have enough food to last them through the whole year so if you're walking amongst like a habitat using their shrill calls receive a passing hydrogen here there you want to look for this particular feature does this is called a haystack a pike a haystack you will notice some of the visitation here's Brown's on the screen and that's because I has been collecting green vegetation as much as he can carry and they are very facile bounding creatures running around mouthfuls of green vegetation as they pass about women and they will child up and these haystacks they will pile up into a big mound exposed to the sun and they will let it cure in the sunlight it will each out all the moisture out out of it with while still retaining the nutrients it's exactly the same as a farmer putting together a haystack hearing it in the sun and then storing in a barn so that if animals can have food throughout the winter months the fluid content is still there just the moisture is removed and if the moisture is removed it will not rot if you try to store this without tearing it it's going to rock the moisture is in a closet to decay and you're not going to have any vegetation to eight but if you care at first and then you started at that point you have plenty of food to last you through the winter months so these guys are collecting greenery there running with the greenery piling in a haystack all day long and then when there'd haystack dries out there carrying a brown vegetation down underground where they can store it away and so these guys are constant activity constant motion and here there everywhere up down sideways moving around as quickly as we possibly can to try and cut collect as much as they can in the two to three months in which they live and so it's a very very busy little animal first three months of the year and the rest of the year there underneath the rocks covered with ice and snow eating their story vegetation waiting for springtime months and months and months away to come again sitting there underneath rocks in the dark so just like God has given foresight to a farmer to allow him to know that lean times are coming in so you don't have to store up food for the winter because at that point you do not have enough new green Springtime summertime growth God has also given to these little animal also the ability to plan ahead and give them the foresight they need to know that if they don't work hard if they're not industrious if they don't collect enough food to make it and so they are very very active little creature going about their business in the tops of the mountains they are very sensitive to temperatures and that's why you sent me national Park which is kind of the limit of their range they are actually dying out because they are the very tops of the mountains and Yosemite national Park and as temperature changes of climate change of the effect various places it's getting so warm that they are actually losing their habitat and their dying out of the park because there's nowhere for them hired to go everyplace lower is warmer and visit the temperature on the top of the mountain gets warmer they are actually dying out and present their pride will be any tigers left in Yosemite and other places in the Sierra where they live so I hope you enjoy the cute animal section I hope you enjoy this very adorable little creature going about his business and that is because for the conclusion of our program to finish up tonight 's meeting we are going to look at one of my favorite animals the hog nosed snake Alsace get a bad rap because everybody considers them to be out to get us and whatnot even though that's not really true they consider them to be slimy even though none of them are actually slimy they consider them to be aggressive at all is anything even though very few of them are that way and so they get a lot of bad rap that doesn't actually have any basis in truth these are actually one of your best friends to keep your area rodent free eight farmer whose drawing is cross is going to lose twenty five pounds of grain per year to each live mice in his crop field twenty five per mouse and a snake alive safe out there is going to eat thirty of those mice per year so a single life snake in a farmer 's field will say that farmers seven hundred and fifty pounds of grain per year this is a very useful animal have around because they are very much helping us to keep the rats and mice for overpopulated and causing is lots of problems now were to look at a very specific type of snake behind no snake now you can

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