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4. Stumbling or Standing at the Cross? (Hebrews 8)

Clinton Wahlen


Clinton Wahlen

Associate Director of the Biblical Research Institute (BRI) at the General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists



  • January 1, 2015
    3:00 PM
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are in this message was sent to you I seems than sequencing from Phoenix Arizona and other resources like this visit us online at www. USC another seminar seminar number four sorry getting from the things they know this interaction we didn't have has been difficult for questions this will tell but I'm determined that we won't have time for questions and John Baxter had some questions also week by John God just you know raise them and if others know you come to I come to a point that you have a question please raise your hand and I'll try to recognize you on hopefully I will have some time at the end I did and quite finish seminar number three of the cross and leadership and so I like to just finish that off and just very quickly as you know in its synopsis and second Southwest I spent almost an hour covering in Hebrews chapter five Jesus called apostle and high priest he is the apostle and sensitive use from the author and as he was sent he established within twelve apostles and sent them out on mission and there are specific leadership principles that we looking at that even Jesus himself was not self-appointed that it was the father who appointed him and sent him he was not self-centered it was also does not have witness of himself but the father Scriptures John the Baptist in the works themselves that he didn't bore witness that he was him he said he wants come from God and we looked at some principles of leadership also in connection with the Old Testament and challenge to the leadership of Moses Aaron and how God dealt with that that we can learn from those lessons as we've seen in previous well God has written this history so that we might learn from them despite the fact that it's unusual for that to happen we can should we must really great but before we can begin with our heads from our father in heaven thank you for your words thank you for Jesus for all he means to us all he's done for us and as we open it we can ask for guidance teachers we pray Jesus three how far is the gift of leadership recognized just by way of summary again Jesus of the twelve he prayed on it for guidance and ordained them replacement for Judas McCrea and cast lots and ordained of replacement as the twelve apostles the seventh deacons is going on selected by the church they prayed for and were ordained by Imus and Saul or Paul through the gift of prophecy fasting and prayer were again until he was through the gift of prophecy ordained also by the hands of Paul and the elders Paul says so in other words the principle is from these examples a divine indication is needed is someone his call to leadership position maybe the also some answers question the we see that in terms of policy and seeking God 's clear will through prayer and sometimes fasting God calls the person and will make that clear if we seek his will how do we know God 's will through the Scriptures and God 's providential working were told in first Timothy five twenty two not to lay hands on anyone suddenly or hastily we must beware of those who claim to be called by God but do not submit to his word second Corinthians eleven twelve to fifteen savanna talks about false apostles deceitful workers transforming themselves into apostles of Christ and no wonder for Satan himself transforms himself into an angel of light therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also transform themselves into ministers of righteousness of course they're not anything like that who's and will be according to their works so the deceptions and then persist that were warned against them Jesus said that if it were possible the very elect would be deceived so we know them by their fruit and by the Scriptures by providential workings number four we should look at issues of power and control to nature to want to be in control but spiritual power and control is not centered in us or even in the church Christ surrendered control of his life completely to the father the one who sent it for followers of Christ actually were not in control even church leaders are not really in control God 's in control this is the safest position of all because God in the future was beginning its his church is not our church or your church or my church it doesn't belong to us God raises up she is its hat and he will see it through I like the statement found in the semifinal Bible commentary page nine fifty six Christ is in the middle of the seven golden candlesticks walking from church to church from congregation to congregation from heart-to-heart cubic even Israel neither slumbers nor sleeps if the candlesticks were left to the care of human beings how often the light flicker and go out but God has not given his church into the hands of men Christ the one who gave his life for the world that all who believe in him may not perish but have everlasting life is the watchmen of the house she is the warder faithful and true temple courts of the Lord so as we saw in seminar one and also in a number that this last seminar it was Jesus surrender of control to his father that led him to the cross he didn't want to go there but for the joy that was set before him endured Hebrews twelve verse two but skipped the conclusion of similar number three because we didn't have time to finish it I do get a little bonus here Jesus as apostle and high priest illustrates in his own life what true spiritual leadership in the church involves spiritual leadership is based on the qualifications that God has set forth in his words and all spiritual leadership is based not on natural gifts and talents or even educational qualifications as important as these are but on the gifts given by the Holy Spirit for the bottom-line is that leadership in the church is based on self sacrificial service service to God and not on self-seeking were striving for position by having the mind and attitude of Christ to equip God humbled himself and became obedient even to the point of death on the cross is the attitude that all will have who are called by God to serve his church it is this attitude that connects us with God and enables us to be his hands and feet in the world and to go where he sends us so that concludes seminar number three we will go to some more number four stumbling or standing at the cross look at Hebrews seven eight but before we do that I just want to give the opportunity we covered a lot of material first into six chapters of the book of Hebrews basically and if any there any questions now is the time to raise a baby you've had some questions before you know there were things that I didn't make so clear if you don't have requested we can move straight on to Best Buy I want to give that opportunity because I wanted wanted had a chance I'd love the opportunity to ask your questions asked in I will take the silence to mean you wanted to come to the seminar number four stumbling instead of the cross so let's move on I think with this topic we need to put ourselves in Israel's place actually we've had to do that already quite a bit in the seminar and think about what it must have been like it's much easier for us from our standpoint looking back to believe in Jesus because we have the witness of the entire New Testament we see the significance of the torn veil in the Temple we see the prophecy of Jesus about Jerusalem's destruction that was fulfilled in a him wrong invaded and destroyed the temple and the city but remember that even at the time Hebrews was written I believe was written by Paul too many correspondences between his other writings and this one to think of another author related to the candidate anyway so Paul is the logical option for authorship even at the time this was written probably in the sixties and sixties maybe just before Paul was killed martyred in Rome the Temple was standing even more glorious than in the same in the time of Jesus as the sons of Herod the great continued paras building plans on the Temple and ironically the Temple was only completed very very shortly before it was soundly destroyed by the year two before it was destroyed it once they finished construction saw thousands teen factoid Hebrews chapter eight versus three two five we read for every high priest is appointed to offer both gifts and sacrifices therefore it is necessary that this one also speaking of Jesus have something to offer for if he were on her he would not be a priest since there are priests who offer the gifts according to the login another example of the Temple seems to still be in use who serve the copy and shadow of the heavenly things as Moses was divinely instructed when he was about to make the tabernacle for he said see that you make all things according to the pattern shown you on the mountain the gifts and sacrifices being offered were offered in accordance with the laws of Moses this was a great argument the Jews had against Christianity Israelites thought they were fulfilling God 's law after all and he told them to offer the sacrifices when the priests instituted by God himself through Moses that is why Stephen was rejected in acts six and seven we read pack six eleven fourteen and he was speaking against Moses against God against this holy place and the law and that Jesus he said would change the customs which Moses delivered to us according to his false accusers the book of Hebrews shows several things one yes things have changed Jesus is high priest in the sanctuary in heaven the true tabernacle which the Lord pitched and not man yes the earthly sanctuary is just a shadow of the temple were sacrifices are being offered at the time was written is now meaningless and the sacrifices themselves meaningless because Jesus offered himself on the cross as the fulfillment of all the sacrifices but how do we know that how do we know that it seems that Israel was doing what God had told him according to the Scriptures and yet Hebrews says we know that based on the Scriptures on what God had already said would happen we saw that constantly in connection with Jesus and also in the last seminar number three about him as high priest according to the order Melchizedek it was based on the Scriptures that God had already said this would happen we don't simply accept a claim because it makes sense in Amos chapter three verse seven just reviewing what we set saw before surely the Lord God does how much nothing but humor be was a secret unto his servants the prophets as we saw even Jesus himself did not ask the Jews to believe in him based on his own claim he pointed them to the fourfold witnessed one the testimony of John the Baptist to the miracles he did by God 's power through the voice of the father at his baptism and most important of all savings strongest reason for last the holy Scriptures they are paying which testify of me so Jesus himself emphasized that his messianic ministry was confirmed by God in a similar way Hebrews emphasizes that these changes in Jesus ministry that the side effects these priestly ministry the changes from Levitical high priest to Jesus 's priesthood was according to what God said would already happen in the Old Testament Scriptures in Chapter seven we see a change of priestly ministry the end of the Aaronic priesthood and the beginning of a new priesthood after the order is not his attack in chapter eight describes the heavenly sanctuary in contrast to the earthly sanctuary in both cases Paul makes it clear that none of this would be or should be surprising God had already indicated that this would happen in his word so in looking out to Bible texts given already in the last seminar Hebrews five verse five tower I sign today have I begotten the quoting Psalm to verses six and seven in the context of Psalm two Israel's King is called God 's son but under inspiration David is writing in such a way that it becomes clear he speaking of the ultimate king the ultimates messianic King Jesus we see that if we would look carefully at especially versus a twelve talks about Blessed are those who question him there's a phrase is only used of God is used over and over and sounds of God and yet here is applied to the messianic king 's son would come to Hebrews five verse six he quotes some one hundred and ten verse four dollars a priest forever after the order of novel is a deck and we could notice also of course which was quoted earlier in Psalm one ten verse one where God says the Lord gave Friday says the Lord sadly Yahweh said I sent out my right hand tightening in his eye footstool so God the father is speaking to God the son you are a priest forever after the order of milk is attack in Hebrews seven the second passage Psalm one ten is dwelt upon at length showing what it means that Jesus was appointed by God as high priest according to your knowledge his deck shoring also how this royal priesthood is better than Levitical priesthood according to Aaron notice the comparison is made between up his attack and his history we can read in Genesis fourteen verses seventeen to twenty this is the passage that seems to be dealt with here in Hebrew selling and with Jesus Christ and song one hundred and ten of course as well as Hebrews seven versus one to six focus back is called the king of Salem which this word essay on shalom in Hebrew means peace Jesus was called the Prince of peace in Isaiah nine conference six and seven because he had not yet come as a son of Adam and one that all through the notorious life-and-death on cost savings still claimed the world as his former six but Jesus didn't accept him as king of this world thus he referred to the devil only as the prints or temporary ruler of this world John twelve verse thirty one Jesus was really the true King of peace Prince of peace then number two thirty not because that was the priest of the most high God and Jesus is called high priest according to the order of knock his deck the fact is that milk is a deck was both king and priest and in fact Nokia spec itself the name means King of righteousness on he is accused son of heated doesn't have a father or mother no genealogy according to what we can find Jesus and like Jesus himself who's really without beginning without ending but Jesus human descent is through Judah not through the vine coming just to come back to the number three three about Jesus being the king of righteousness Psalm seventy two deals with that and you'll recall that Jesus was qualified to be king because he came from Judah Genesis forty nine verse ten refers to the scepter that would come through Judah and David of course to being from the tribe of Judah and Jeremiah twenty three versus five six speaks of the coming Davidic king is a king of righteousness the silence of Scripture can teach us meaningful things you Scripture doesn't speak it speaks this is the case where in connection with baptism we don't know who his father or mother once asked me have one he had one but we don't know what wise and so the silence of Scripture is significant there is no genealogy that establishes not present as priest he didn't have to be established as priest according to his physical genealogy of physical descent this is what differentiates the priesthood of milk is back from the vivid Levitical priesthood which of course all those priest had to be sons of Aaron and they have to be able to prove their genealogy geological heritage back to Aaron this is why the genealogies were so important to be maintained there's evidence against an outcome to it in just a moment so at the Levitical priesthood was based on physical descent but noticed that priesthood did not need that for its dissent this is the key point and then knocked his back is without beginning or end neither begin days nor end of life well at least as far as Scripture 's consent because he cut it appears then he's gone we don't see anything left of him before after there's a great silence but again here is the silence of Scripture speaks to us according to Paul and the fact that there is no mention of where he came from or when he died points forward to Jesus who has no beginning and no end and who thus has the power of an endless life unlike the Levitical priests who died and whose authority had to be passed on to their descendents if you were selling for sixteen note has been represented Jesus on earth but he was not himself Jesus all my rights in letter one ninety nineteen oh five which is published in the first line Bible commentary page ten ninety two eight God has never left himself without witness on the earth all at one time not because they represented the Lord Jesus Christ in person to reveal the truth of heaven and perpetuate the law of God and then in the handout that I gave an earlier seminars and you'll notice down this is the one from review and Herald February eighteen eighteen ninety paragraph ten right at the top of page two it was Christ that spoke through milk is that the priest of the most high God Melchizedek was not Christ but he was the voice of God in the world the representative of the father and all through the generations of the past Christ has spoken Christ has led his people and has been the life of the world so Melchizedek was not Christ but he was representative of Christ and also the father and this to provide the coming of Jesus as a priest after the order of Melchizedek Melchizedek priesthood is better according to Paul in the Levitical priesthood for a number of reasons and again he bases this on Scripture and Abraham paid time to knock his attack therefore love his back and his priesthood is greater than a retirement of course Abraham was the assessor of the Levitical priests have Levi and Levitical priests and so therefore if Abraham had to pay five options of Jack Benny case priesthood must be greater than the descendents of the political descendents of priesthood because he's greater than Abraham therefore he's also greater than Abraham 's great-grandson Levi who was the great-grandfather of air the father of all subsequent priests not only did Abraham pay time to milk his deck but not his deck blessed Abraham and the Hebrew seven verse seven says on this basis without all contradiction the last is the last of the greater are the better and so on again it's a witness that because milk is the last Abraham he must be greater than him and grade his priesthood greater than that of the physical priests so to summarize key points the priesthood of milk 's deck is better than the priesthood of Levi and since Jesus has been appointed by God 's high priest according to the order knocked his deck his priesthood supersedes the priesthood of Aaron but now comes the singer in Hebrews chapter seven first twelve notice what excess fat for the priesthood being changed of necessity there is also a change of law change of the law how can that be well this is this is a question that you might wonder enough in the lobby changed the law of God is not changeable its external as God himself well this important recognize it in the Bible that are various kinds of loss and pain in the Old Testament I think it's important to notice that the differentiation even in the New Testament we have differences that are mentioned although some people overly influenced by Jewish scholars like to call the law New Testament or as if they whenever the laws mentioned in the New Testament refers to all five books of Moses in their entirety there are several good reasons to question whether this is really right first for Jews the whole Torah is finding so does that mean that we have to keep all six hundred and thirteen laws of built customers which is classified down all the laws of Moses this was of course a discussion in the early church asked fifteen installations we read about that one Paul quotes portions of the Lobdell when he quotes portions of the law it's interesting to notice that he always quotes from a specific part of the law namely the ten Commandments he never quotes any other law in the Old Testament as a basis and calls the law he he quotes it as Scripture as you know it is written but not as a law that we must keep the only exception to that his like here where he is discussing the difference between the old and new tenant covenants him and him when he quotes the law is always ten Commandments is when you say he's quoting specific law and however when Paul quotes from the books of Moses he closet Scripture except when he's talking about the difference between the old and new covenants as here so why is there a change in the law well it is not a change of course in the moral law and commandments that's eternal they don't change but a change in the ceremonial law of the Bible Jesus life is so much greater than that of earthly priest because there priest and was according to a fleshly commandment Paul says that that is it was based on their physical dissent from here while Christ's high-priced priesthood was based on the power of an endless life it was seven sixteen and S Hebrews points out the laws dealing with the sanctuary and sacrifices are only a shadow pointing forward something greater let's look in more detail at the ceremonial law and its fulfillment in what way were laws of Moses only eyeshadow I think as we all know the sacrifices symbolizing point for the sacrifice of Christ on the cross the earthly sanctuary itself as we read in Hebrews eight verse five and verse one to were patterned after the heavenly original and we'll talk more about that in our next seminar number five tomorrow morning with Christ's side Faisal across the reality to which all the sacrifices in the old covenant pointed was fulfilled Hebrews eight versus six and thirteen say but now he is obtained a more excellent ministry inasmuch as he is also a mediator of a better covenant which was established on better promises in that he says a new covenant he was made the first obsolete now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away and if we would read the intervening verses by the way he is a very lengthy quotation that is given from Jeremiah chapter thirty one that about the covenant the old and new the new covenant being one that God would write in hearts he said I will put my laws into their mind right in their hearts first I will be to them God initialed between a people problem with the old covenant it says is that it was not captured in verse nine because they continued not in my covenant and I regarded them not says the Lord so the problem with the old covenant was that it was imperfect it was temporary and it wasn't even very well kept by Israel more than this even the Jewish festivals themselves I like the sacrifices point forward to Jesus and his sacrifice the festivals of the Old Testament were prophetic pointing forward Israel tended to look back at them at at these vessels as marking significant points in their history for example the Passover they look back at as you know 's commemorating their deliverance from Egypt and you know when they are him forefathers painted for your post or their doors in Egypt with the blood of the Paschal Lamb as a protection for their first born during the tenth and final play of feature so Dave tended to look back you have the festivals as pointing backward looking at their history but God intended them also to see a deeper prophetic significance in these festivals in reality the Spring Festival pointed to evidence surrounding the first advent of Christ while the fall festivals pointed to events surrounding the second and and so we could look down at the spring festivals those that were connected with Christ's first advent the Passover as we read in Leviticus twenty three five which describes the Passover we see that this according to the New Testament pointed to the death of Christ who offered himself at the time of the Paschal sacrifice Passover sacrifice this may clear very clear John Chapter nineteen as well as in first Corinthians five or seven or Paul says Christ our Passover our Passover Pam was sacrificed for us so the Passover pointed forward to the time of Jesus sacrifice on the cross which was in fact at the time of the Passover lamb was killed so it perfectly fulfilled in a literal way at the time of the sacrifice of Christ was at the time of Passover showing that the coincidence showing it not that it was Clinton's but the court coinciding time showing that it was the fulfillment of this prophetic type of symbol him and him case of unleavened bread is described in Leviticus twenty three sixty eight pointed to the new covenant and the change of makes in our lives Pauline again in first Corinthians five verse eight refers to this he says purge out the old leaven verse seven that you may be even as Christ is even as ye are unleavened and then birthday letters activities not with the old leaven neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth so that this festival points forward to the new covenant and the difference and change the newness of our alliance with Christ likewise the firstfruits described Baker's twenty three fourteen two Christ and those resurrected and ascended with him to heaven as the beginning of the gospel harvest is an finally Pentecost Leviticus twenty three fifteen to twenty one pointed to the initial harvest ingathering of the early church and of course as we know I asked to the Holy Spirit was poured out back on the very day of Pentecost as the beginning of this wonderful harvest in gathering now turning to the vessels of the Ottoman fall festivals the blowing of trumpets Leviticus twenty three twenty three to twenty five pointed to the great second Advent movement announcing the second coming of Christ and the pending judgment revelation chapter ten the day of atonement Leviticus twenty three twenty six to thirty two two the judgment phase of Christ's ministry in the most holy place of the heavenly sanctuary to getting in eighteen forty four and Daniel eight we had Corelli 's health will not long ago feeling very well have coffee David Tomlin imagery represented in Daniel eight fourteen and Revelation fourteen six and seven referring to the power of God 's judgment beginning I then in finally the feast of Tabernacles festival Tabernacles Leviticus twenty three thirty three to thirty six plan to the putting on the heavenly tabernacle that we will have at cry secondhand and Paul refers to this insect computes five versus one to four so the festivals of the spring and autumn fall on us for really prophetic of what God was due to Christ as his first advent and in connection with his second just when we come to the conclusion and then we'll have some time for questions just as Jesus Mezey messianic mission was foretold in prophecy so was his high priestly ministry according to the order of milk has a deck someone ten in which it we need to recognize that the ceremonial laws connected with the earthly sanctuary are fulfilled in Christ through his death on the cross and through his post- resurrection ministry both on Earth and in health and three the primary purpose of the Jewish festivals like the sacrifices that were offered on these days is prophetic of significant actions of Jesus in connection with his first advent and secondhand so that kind of wraps up this seminar will look and seminar number five at the connection how the cross connects in earth and heaven and in particular Hebrews nine ten which have been very conversely chapters in our recent him when I was a student at the time of Pacific Union College one one professors there called into question and I think there's some very important issues there that we need to look at in order to understand clearly why we believe what we believe about the sanctuary and judgment and Christ ministry there in heaven so now it's time for questions we have a few minutes finally when I was able to finish in such a way that provide for some questions are there any questions over either seven or three or seven number four or actually any of the seminars of recovered nonwork kinds two thirds of the way through John one slide back to the fall festivals well revelation ten is in connection with the blowing trumpets in the book of Revelation and so it is connected but it's connected in particular you know because of the blowing of trumpets in Leviticus twenty three and an historically in Israel's experience in history was as a call for people to prepare for the day of atonement that the damage was coming this was the first day of the seventh month in the day of atonement would be on the tenth day of seven months and there was a period of preparation that they were to half and to get ready and so it was kind of a warning that the judgment and the day of atonement is coming it was looked upon throughout the Jewish history as a time of judgment time of introspection and examining oneself out as it says in Vegas twenty three they were to afflict their souls to is really the only apparently Bill him us today specifically commanded in the Old Testament as a day of fasting is the day of atonement in order that we might examine our our lives as before God so therefore the in a similar way the second Advent proclamation millwright movement was a call for people to care for judgment now course that was a little bit of that not unlike actually the confusion of John the Baptist if you recall she said that Jesus would comment he would compete with the hot fire burn up the chaff and so on and he he didn't exactly understand the difference totally between Jesus first and second Advent either and even he sent his disciples to Jesus saying are you the you know after he was imprisoned by Herod are you the one to come or do we look for another and so similarly young there was a little bit of confusion as they were searching the prophecies and between the beginning of the judgment and Christ second coming they thought to cleanse the earth was Clinton's sanctuary by fire this was not correct but there was a beginning work the of judgment preceding Christ's second had and that's something that we will deal with more in the next summer seminar number five where yes is yes they do while witnesses and really seminar revelation just very briefly I can say that the trumpets that are given the seven trumpets in Revelation are warnings and indicate God 's judgment on on on his people who are and are not doing according as they should in the world in general and that through these judgments he's calling people to him in repentance to repent and to turn to him and so it's it's kind of a warning and a call at the same time as well as judgments that prefigure future judgments that will take place in the Plex this distinction and book revelation between the first health book which is basically historical in the second half which is eschatological deals with the end time and so right in the middle you have these chapters twelve ten is part of this historical period which is connected with no right move but beginning with chapter twelve thirteen and fourteen which is kind of the apex of the book revelation it's the high point in which the first part of points forward to an sick part of the point backward to know you have this key contrast between the woman clothed with the sun on the one hand and the remnant that rises as the remnant of her seed will rise to proclaim the three Angels messages and you have the market-based that is is given to those who are not wishing who's not receive the seal of God and so there's this kind of this is the dividing line in the book of revelations of the judgments and and look forward to that last it's introducing revelation already revelation ten but expand upon Revelation twelve fourteen visit here Aaron and then in front should him well you know I would guess that the key probably was an ancestor of nonconsecutive know exactly I would guess that you know if you look at the godly line of sham that that this but you know all of the patriarchs included sham would have been offering sacrifice in the sense whether I guess you could say maybe it was according to consider but not in the same sense as Jesus and our high priesthood today was more in terms of each family had offering sacrifice and being spiritual leader on it was not according to dissent obviously but it was so it was in that sense like Melchizedek but unlike doctors acted because it points for really to the New Testament we don't yes yes it was not Jesus we know that she was a human being he did beginning in the inscription we don't see that as so even silence was his guide thanks for the question yes question here presented most high God well the fact is that there's only one priest and New Testament and that's Jesus and so he is by default the high priest but I is according the order knocked his back because of the reasons we've mentioned for now that's right and yet the thirty sanctuary Earth was kind of a mirror of the sanctuary heaven so there is that connection between Jesus has high priest following along in the sense as I high priest on earth kind we can look at the ministry the high priest and learn about Jesus priesthood have well thank you so much since I'm glad we had finally some time for questions lovely with you tomorrow where will look at Hebrews nine ten and delved into more detail about what this ministry of Jesus is in heaven and more importantly how it affects us on her I think you'll be hopefully very practical not just theoretical about what's he's doing but there's a close connection between earth and heaven I hope we'll see thanks again to you listed was included keywords twenty fourteen Phoenix Arizona Jean Lexi supporting the teeth of the Seventh-day Adventists seeks to inspire young and vital faith question of so many Christians download Texas other resources like this stuff online at www. 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