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4-Deconstruction & Analysis

Alistair Huong
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An analysis of the Bible study entitled "Make Disciples" in light of the principles discussed previously in this series.  This study also continues and applies the principles in several other passages of Scripture.

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Alistair Huong

Executive Director of AudioVerse

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  • April 25, 2015
    2:00 PM
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Father in heaven we ask that you will be with us as we once again delve into this most important subject may you quicken our minds after a filling meal. We pray that you will help us to remain alert and our minds to be clear as we contemplate the deep things of your word me your Spirit teach us. Now we pray in Jesus' name amen. So let's review what are the three styles of Bible study that we discussed this morning. Anyone want to venture a guess exegetical topic or an allegorical and what is the significance of the order in which they are listed. It's a linear progression you want to start up here and move your way down because we get into trouble we start down here work away because reading the Bible as it reads form the foundation to make sure that what we are understanding is actually coming from God from the Bible rather than we are inserting our own thoughts into it. Very good. What are the three questions that we need to ask. In our Bible study was the first one. OK Very good. What does it say. And this corresponds to observation gathering the facts gathering the data. All right what's the next question what does it mean. That's all Another word is interpretation. Generally how many interpretations are there for a given passage. Generally there is one. There are dual applications once in a while but usually the Bible will tell us one is that way by the way I'll just throw this out there Matthew twenty four when Jesus was sitting on the Mount of Olives and they said he was saying that not one stone will be left upon the other in the temple. The disciples said when shall these things be meaning when shall the temple be destroyed and. Of the end of the world. So Jesus goes on to describe in Matthew twenty four the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of the world you see he time are two different things at the same time and the Bible tells us when that's happening. OK third question What was I let the cat out of the bag. You already knew the answer. What does it mean to me or to us or to whatever group that we are seeking applications for and the illustration was that you might have an interpretation of a certain tool or object. That's what it is. A nail is a nail the tooth brush was a tooth brush but the uses application for what that is might be varied but toothbrushes not just brushing your teeth right. I mean we use it to clean the small places around the sink and you know it you can do it. Use it for different things but you know what it is. So before we go any further I felt impressed just now to go back to a verse that we did not look at this morning. It's found in Isaiah Chapter twenty eight. And this is in relation to what's on the screen right now. It has to do with the three questions on the right as well as exegetical topical study and you'll see why this text has so many applications to us right now on so many levels. In a minute let me flip it open in both Bibles and we'll see how they compare. Well the good news is that both of these both versions actually use a similar words I just read from the King James is basically the same as the Chapter twenty eight we're going to reverse nine in ten and this is a common verse used to teach us how to study the Bible. Tell me if you've heard this before verse nine. Who shall he teach knowledge and whom shall we make to understand. Them that are weaned from the milk and drawn from the breasts for precept must be upon precept precept upon precept line upon line line upon line here or there or here a little there a little. Have you ever heard this verse before particularly verse ten. So how do we normally explain this verse. We say the proper way to study the Bible is a precept upon precept what the precept what's another word for precept teaching but more specifically the word precept is another word for rule. OK rule upon rule precept upon precept line upon line line upon line. What do we understand line upon line to me just like one verse after the other right. That's how we interpret it and then here a little there a little. This is where it gets really fun right. We say Oh so that means we need to pick verses here a little there a little but doesn't that sound a little dangerous to be sound like proof texting right. So we use this verse to teach how to study the Bible but the ironic part is that we misinterpret this verse. That's an irony that's why I felt impressed to go back to because we can analyze this on several levels. Number one when we look at verse ten in isolation there is certainly sound that way. Here a little there a little. So if I just pick a few words out over here and I find a few words over here here a little there a little That's what the Bible says. But is that really what the Bible say. Let's look at verse nine verse nine and says whom shall he teach knowledge in whom shall we make to understand doctrine. So is are these verses actually talking about God teaching God's teachings making us learn and his instruction is this. Yes it is pretty clear. Where is talking about but he's asked a question to whom shall he teach knowledge and whom shall he make to understand doc and who are the people that God is about to teach. Tell me based on verse nine of them that are reading from the milk and drawn from the breast. What kind of people are we talking about here. I love babies. What does that have to do with anything. Think with me. What is what is God saying Are you saying how am I going to teach my people knowledge how am I going to teach them doctrine to whom am I teaching. They're like little babies that have just been weaned from the milk and when you wean a baby from the milk what do they start eating solid food. Right. And that's what Paul later on says you still have need of the milk of the word when you should be eating the meat. That's another connection there. But this is fascinating because it's within the context of verse nine that God is actually saying I am going to teach you knowledge like I'm going to teach knowledge to a child who is growing up a baby that's been weaned from the milk in the growing up process and how the how do we do that. Well versed can explain when there's a child and you're teaching them first you just tell them the rules precept upon precept don't go out in the street don't touch the hot stove don't eat between meals. You just tell them the rules. That's how you train and then line upon line meaning you educate them to read. Educate them through the writings of the law. And then here a little there a little what that means is when the child is. We had to learn. As when I was in teaching my instructor would say look for the teachable moments so the children the child will have a teachable moment here a little teach them and then they're going to be going out and they're going to hurt themselves or scrape their knee very little teach them some more. When you wake up in the morning teach them within that context. When you're out in the field working with them when you're playing with them hear a little teach them what I'm trying to give them the knowledge and they're a little if not talking about proof texting. It's illustrating how God teaches his children as a parent teaches a child who has just been weaned from the milk. Does that make sense yes or no. So what is this thing. Does this still actually give us counsel on how to study the Bible. Actually it does. It tells us that there are certain times in our Christian experience we just need to follow the rules. We may not understand but sooner or later we will if we continue the growing process just like a child and then you need to study line upon line. Study the text read the scriptures and here a little there a little as you continue in your journey with God. God will instruct you here a little in this unique experience that he's brought you through you can instruct you there a little when you go through that other experience he'll teach you a little bit more. Do you see the big big difference in how we interpret this verse. It's still applicable. It still teaches us how God educates us but this is no blank statement allows us to willy nilly proof text. That's clear let me hear you say men are very important. It's ironic that the verse that teaches us about how to say the Bible we misapply using improper methods. All right. So let's continue here. That's where we'll continue. So this morning our message was a Bible study so I want to ask you which of the three words which style was it an accidental sermon or buy I would say with a topical with an allegorical. How many of you think it was exegetical No I can't. Topical. I see like two and a half like allegorical about the same number. Most of you didn't vote OK so maybe before I give you the answer we need to think through this a little bit exegetical sermon. What should it have looked like it would have been a verse by verse matter right. I take a passage and I just want to break it all down. We did do some of that right. But it wasn't just one passage. Right we had a number of passages and all of the passages were connected together right. What was the topic of our Bible study. Making disciples of discipleship and do we have any strange symbolism. We do have strange symbolism but we did have some symbols right so we had the branch and the vine but generally so I can sort of see where your confusion might be. But in general the approach that we took was a topical approach so that it was a topic of saying look at what does the Bible have to say about discipleship. Jesus says this make disciples. Now what else does the Bible have to say about that. So it's it was a topical study but yes indeed. Just like we said this morning in order to do proper topical study you must do some exegetical work on the passages that you're putting together to make sure they're actually. Same thing. And yes there were some allegory because Jesus was actually using the symbol of the vine and the branch to illustrate the abiding experience so yes there were all those elements involved. But in general this was a topical Bible study. OK So let's take a look at the topic was discipleship and what I have here are just the four main passages. These are the four main passages of our Bible study and basically I'm going to give you in like fifteen seconds the whole sermon and you're going to be like could you have just done that and spared us the forty five minutes or whatever. But here are the passages so Matthew twenty eight he was twelve. John fifteen Luke fourteen those are the main passages that form the structure of our study right. And this is what I did. I studied each of those passages and I extracted the key points one of the key points that link up with all the others. Matthew twenty eight nineteen or twenty. Obviously there's a lot more to it than this but I said I saw there that the command to go make disciples. OK how we may decide to teach him to obey and all that kind of stuff and he was twelve five eleven the purpose of God's discipline is to help us bear fruit. All right and then John fifteen one three tells the abiding crowd leads to fruit bearing which is an evidence of discipleship. So all of a sudden these three verses just got come connected together and then Luke fourteen we take a look and to see what Jesus had to say about the cost of discipleship. What does it cost us to follow Jesus and that's it that's the whole mess in the end. So it sounds very simple. When you look at it summarized like this. But what we're doing here is we are taking a large amount of information from all of these passages and distilling it. So the process of you have a lot of information coming in. And how do you organize it how do you systematize it how do you get the framework in your mind so that the outline works to see the connection. So the illustration I gave this morning was each one of these stories or these passages are two dimensional plane it's like a sheet of paper and then you stack the four sheets of paper and you're looking through all four of them to see the connecting points. And so what I want to do this afternoon is to take one of these passages one of these passages and we are going to let me go back here. We're going to do some verse by verse study together and then we're going to take a look at an allegorical study of that same passage. All right because we've done the topical so we're going to do the other two. So that's what we're going to do the balance of the time this afternoon and the passage that we are going to zero in on is Hebrews chapter twelve. So let's go there. Hebrews Chapter twelve you can turn then your Bibles we're going to be spending quite a bit of time here and we are going to take it verse by verse. But before we do that let me get my Bibles here. Turn to the right pages and we're going to ask a few preliminary questions to get ourselves in gear. So Hebrews Chapter twelve is found in the book of Hebrews. I think we already knew that. But here's a tougher question. Who was the author of Hebrews. OK Paul I hear Paul does a book of Hebrews itself tell us. Who the author was. It doesn't and there is actually quite a debate ongoing for a long time about who the author of Hebrews is what. So I'm not really here to settle the conflict. However I will mention this the reason why I believe that Paul was author of Hebrews because I'm Weiss's so I don't that's not a cop out answer really. There are other evidences of other evidences that you can look at that seem to indicate that. But let's just go with that. I tend to trust a white Pretty Pretty much so most likely it was Paul. OK So that tells us something about who the author was and Paul we know the history of Paul we knew who he was what was his background he was a fair city right from where. From Tarsus he did not grow up in Jerusalem. What race was he he was a Jew obviously he was a fair city. What was his historical impact on the Christian church or was it all good. It was good and bad right and you look at his biography and you can look at his life and it will inform a great deal of what he has to say in the book of Hebrews. All right next question who was his audience. The book of Hebrews as the Hebrew Salo Yes but this is actually very significant because all of the other epistle that Paul wrote were true gentiles I heard right to the Romans Corinthians the Asians kolache in Philippians. What is the difference do you suppose between writing to a Gentile audience and writing to a Jewish audience do you think there's a difference. Right I mean I think you probably have a lot of thoughts in your mind so I'll take your silence as you have so much information to share you don't know where to start. OK. So the audience a gentile what kind of foundation do they have in terms of understanding the gospel to the Gentiles. Really nothing right. But the Jews they have Old Testament Plus they have the Jewish ceremonial system which is a double edged sword because the Hebrew sanctuary service points to Jesus and it gives a foundation to say look you have been studying this all you've been doing it all throughout the generations and here is a fulfillment of Jesus but at the same time there is still clinging on to the old ceremonial system because we've done this all our lives we've done this for generations how can we get rid of it just because Jesus came along. Right so there's a dynamic going on here with the Hebrew Christians and you can read in the book of Acts again historical context to see even within the early Christian church we had a big debate about circumcision. We've done this all our lives in fact we go back and Moses was almost killed by an angel for not circumcising a son. This is serious business and now you're saying we don't have to circumcise the Gentiles. How can this be right. This whole context is the backdrop just by asking Who was the audience of the book of Hebrews. So we come to the book of Hebrews and we read it we begin to realize there is a real mill you of issues going on in which this author is speaking into and this one of the background the context All right. And that's actually World Wide a skip skip ahead to historical context what happened. The Temple and Jerusalem in eighty seven it was destroyed was it foretold was the destruction of Jerusalem we're told. We mentioned Matthew twenty four earlier right. Do you think the author of Hebrews whether is Paul are not a believer of Jesus one who stated probably do you think they understood what was about to happen to Jerusalem that I believe. So there is a context here in the book of Hebrews of who Paul is writing to and what circumstance he's writing in today. OK So these are some of the questions that we can ask when we are doing. Exegetical study before you even get in there to protect yourself get your bearings. What's my context what is going on. What is he saying Who is he talking to. What might be some of the issues. All right so a couple other items here. Let me just before I go any further under historical context. Something happened right at the at the cross there became to Israel's. There was a literal Israel and there are spiritual Israel. There was an earthly Sanctuary have a sanctuary and this dichotomy. These types of issues form the backdrop of all the issues of the book of Hebrews because I'll just spoil a little bit spoil a surprise. Spoiler alert. Whatever they say in the book of Hebrews is all about the heavenly sanctuary the reality and heaven being better than that which is on Earth. Jesus is a better high priest then the Levitical priests. We have a better sanctuary than the earthly sanctuary. Christ was the better sacrifice than the blood of lambs and goats. The heavenly is better than the earthly there. That's the theme of Hebrews and the sanctuary service and so this is a fairly significant background information as we dive into Hebrews Chapter twelve because it gives us the context of who Paul is talking to. So let's go now to Hebrews Chapter twelve Hebrews Chapter twelve and we will start in verse one. And so Hebrews Chapter twelve will begin reading in verse one. So earlier we were focusing on verses five to eleven and you'll see that verses five to eleven sort of go together. But we want the context a little before a little bit after to get a bigger fuller picture. So chapter twelve begins verse one with the word wherefore That's the King James version in the E.S.B. it starts with the word therefore to mean the same thing. Therefore seeing we are come past about with such a great so great a cloud of witnesses. So when do you use the word therefore at the beginning or at the end. At the end so I would I like what one evangelist used to say if whenever you see the word therefore in the Bible you ask yourself what is it therefore so therefore see we are compatible with so great a cloud of witnesses who are the Cloud of witnesses. Chapter eleven is that right. We are familiar with he was Chapter eleven. We don't need to go through all the details but we did talk about Abraham briefly this morning in Sabbath school right. He's one of the faithful few that's mentioned in Hebrews eleven. The Hall of faith as we have coined it. So at the conclusion of he was Chapter eleven after all. All of evidences of faith that Paul has outlined he says Therefore seeing we are compatible with such a great cloud of witnesses. These people figuratively speaking there are dead in the grave but figured simply speaking they are witnesses they are witnesses of us and I can't help myself. But let's go back one verse. He was eleven he was eleven verse forty thirty nine and forty. Hebrews eleven thirty nine and forty because they all go together they work chapter divisions before. So then in these all having obtained a good report through faith received not a promise. And these all meaning all those listed and he was eleven. They have a good report meaning gonna have good things to say about them they have a good record in heaven however they have not received the promise. What's the promise. Well you had to go back some more and the promise of the Heavenly King Kingdom heavenly city. Verse forty is key. God having provided some better thing again that we're something better some better thing for us that they without US should not should not be made perfect therefore therefore we are surround with such a great cloud of witnesses let us let us lay aside every way and the sin which easily beset us and others run with patience if you're a sesame force. So what is Paul saying here look at all of these wonderful people of faith they have a good report but they're still dead in the grave having not received the promise. Why because they need us. Verse forty they without US cannot be made perfect. Therefore because they need us because they need us remember this cloud of witnesses. Abraham and Isaac and all of the able in all of those people mention it. They're watching us because we need to finish this race because until we finish the race they're not going to get the prize. You see where we are so far in Hebrews Chapter twelve or one. That's the context he was eleven he was twelve. Bridging the Gap let us run with patience the race that is set before us. I'm getting ahead of myself let me just continue reading verse two looking on to Jesus the author and finisher of our faith who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross despising the shame and the set down at the right hand of the throne of God. Let me just read the whole passage and we'll come back through verse three for considered him to endorse such contradiction of sinners against himself lest he be wearied and faint in your minds you have not yet resisted unto blood striving against sin and you have forgotten the exportation which speak it unto you as of the children my son despise not the chastening of the Lord nor faint went out rebuke to them chasing again same word as discipline. For whom the lower lever to chase net and scourge of every son whom he receives if he endure chastening God deal with with you as with sons. For what son is he whom the father chased and if not for V.B. without chastisement wearable all are partakers then you are bastards and not science. Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us and we gave them reverence. Shall we not much more rather be in subjection to the Father of spirits and live for they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure that he for our profit that we might be partakers of His Holiness. Now no chastening of the present seem to be joyous but grievous nevertheless afterward yield at the peaceable fruits of righteousness where unto or unto them which are exercised thereby. Wherefore again there's that word wherefore therefore. Lift up the hands which hang down and the feeble knees and make straight paths for your feet lest that which is lain be turned out of the way but let it rather be healed and will pause there we're going to emphasize we're going to focus on these thirteen versus So let's go back through this verse by verse Hebrews Chapter twelve hours one we already sort of gave the outline of this verse. It's connected to Hebrews chapter eleven we have a cloud of witnesses those representing He was eleven watching us because we need to finish the race because if we don't finish it they don't get the prize. But notice what it says how are we to run this race. We are to run this race by casting aside certain things every weight and what UPS and the fence so easily beset us let us run with patience. So one of the things that we need to cast off in order to run this race is two things. Weights and sense. And then verse two tells us something else we're supposed to do. Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of our faith. And now when we hear the word faith we remember the whole previous chapter eleven talks about faith. Jesus the author and finisher of the faith is not up to us who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross despising the shame and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God That's all nice and good. Jesus is the goal of who we are to look to. All right we'll come back to this point a little later. But the context here is casting off sin casting up weights and running this race. That's the context of Hebrews chapter twelve. That's how we begin. Jesus is the one that we're looking to see the finish line he's that all right and he's the one that's going to strengthen us. So let's look at verse three Verse three and four. OK I'm going to switch over to the E.S.B. here because I think it makes a little bit clearer verse three says consider him who's Him Jesus the same one that we're looking on to consider him who endured from sinners such hostility against himself so that you may not grow weary or faint hearted. So what does weariness and faint heartedness have to do with the race. Are we not told that we need to run the race with patients or with insurance. So what is he saying here. We're looking back now connecting the versus Hebrews twelve years one says you need to run this race with patience and verse three says. Consider Jesus who endured from sinners such hostility. So there you won't be weary or faint hearted meaning if you get if you lose invariants if you lose patience what should you do. Look at Jesus in your verse for in your struggle against sin you have not yet resisted to the point of shedding your blood what the shedding of or what does resisting against sin have to do with running this race. But give us one. What are we supposed to do with our sins. We're supposed to cast off our scent and verse four tells us what might be necessary in order to cast off. What kind of effort is going to take the calf upset or to resist shedding of blood. Well now you understand why we need to look to Jesus if we get thinner. Hearted or weary because what we are told here is that run this race finish this race and the only way you can do it is to shut off your weight and your sins and it's going to be hard it's going to be hard work but if you get faint hearted if you get weary don't worry. Look to Jesus why. Because he's done it before. And how did he do it. To resist sin. He resisted to the point of shedding his blood. And this might be referring to him going to the cross but I believe this actually refers to the Garden of Gethsemane because that's when he was really tempted right he was tempted to say enough. I don't have to deal with this. I can go home to my father I can call upon him and he'll send all the angels to defend me. But no the weight of the world was upon him and he was resisting the temptation to walk away and what happened what happened to the sweat coming out of his brow he sweat as it were great drops of blood. So what does this tell us what is it what does it look like to run this race to shut off our sins contest really speaking if you like. Five K. guys you have us raise some money is that is that what kind of race we're talking about this is a long arduous race. Hard hard fought mile after mile it is going to be difficult but what does the Bible say Dejesus to run this race and then we get to verse five. So that's the lead up to what we were talking about this morning. Right. And verse five and have you forgotten the exhortation that addresses mice as addresses us sons verse five my son do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord nor be weary when reproved him for the Lord disciplines the one he loves and chastises. Every son whom he receives Now this is quoting Proverbs Chapter three verses eleven and twelve. So why is it now based on this context we need to run the race the run the way so we need to sacrifice or to resist sin and to resist sin requires bloodshed effort to the point of shedding our blood. Why is it then now that it's so significant that Paul brings up this point that guess what. Don't be weary when The Father in heaven disciplines you because what's the purpose of discipline. Yeah he shows us that he loves us but what does discipline tried to drive away from the person being disciplined. Would it be fair to say that if we are trying to help a child to stop sinning to start obeying that the means is discipline. So Hebrews Chapter twelve verse five through eleven now is actually set within the context of God is trying to help us to overcome sin so that we can finish the race so that all of the people sleeping in Jesus from he was eleven can finally reach the reward. You follow the contextual reading of these verses now. Let's continue. And by the way Paul's quoting from the Book of Proverbs here do you think this would have been significant if he was writing to a Gentile audience. Proverbs hoo Solomon I don't know but he's writing to the Hebrews So he's calling from the Old Testament and saying look you know this you've read it you've memorized it. I'm just bringing back to mind the scripture that you learned in the synagogue. Continuing verse seventeen it is for discipline that you have to endure. God is training us sons for was son of their whom his father does not discipline. If you are left without discipline in which all have participated then you are illegitimate children and not sons. Besides this we you are illegitimate. I'm sorry Besides this we have had earthly fathers who disciplined us and we respected them shall we not much more be subject to the Father of spirits and live for they disciplined us for a short time as it seemed best to them but he disciplines us for our good that we may share in His holiness we read through this this morning that's why I'm sort of going through this quickly for the moment all discipline seems painful rather than pleasant but later it yields the peaceful fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it and. The trainee that word comes up here. For what are we train do we not have a race that we're training for. We're training of a child yes that's the context immediately about training them to do what's right to obey to have righteousness. Yes but it's also training for the race we're going to come back to that on just a moment. Verse twelve therefore OK so where can we connected now from Hebrews the end of he was eleven. Run this race with patience. Catherine and consider Jesus He's the example to now God is disciplining you to help you get rid of sin and it's evident that he loves you and this is how he does it. Therefore now verse twelve. Having said this having made these comparisons and having made this point therefore what should we do now. Verse twelve. Lift up your drooping hands and strengthen your weak knees and make straight paths for your feet so that what is lame may not be put out of joint but rather be healed. Why is it important to lift up the drooping head. On the strength in the wheat meat because you can't finish your race very well when you're like this. Does that make sense. The mental picture we should have at the conclusion of these verses verse twelve and thirteen. Paul is nothing. Therefore stop being so downcast. Stop being so far Jake in your motions. You yes you have sin in your life and you have weights in your life and I think his audience probably recognize that and he saying yes you might have discipline in your life but don't be discouraged by it. Rather pick up your arms pick up your knees make your paths straight and run this race because we have Jesus who is not only our example he's our Auckland fringe of our faith and don't worry when God disciplines you it is a training for you to cast opposite him in the way of the so easily be set up to finish the race. You see the flow of the current context the reading of this passage now. All right so. Let's continue. So what do we do. What did I do here. I simply outlined this is one of the techniques I mentioned this morning by observation. We want to outline the book or the chapter the portion that we're reading. So verses one and two I just said run a race we need to run the race and when I see an outline you can make it as descriptive as you want this is not a homework assignment that someone's going to grade It's whatever works for you. The point is just to use your mind in such a way to organize the facts in your head. This is just how I do it you can outline it differently. So verse one and two I see as a block verse three and four striving and. That's particularly looking at Jesus how he strove against sin and the verses five through eleven I see it as a block of talking about the discipline of God's children why he disciplines us how he does it what his goals are and then verses twelve and thirteen strengthen the drooping hands weak knees were running a race and this ties right back to verses one and two. All right so that's my outline. But now I want to ask the question Does Paul speak of running a race elsewhere. Remember we're looking at contextual reading which means sometimes we have to expand and say OK what other information do we happen related books. And when we talk about related books it could be books of the same genre books of the same historical period books by the same author or the Book of the same topic like prophecy for example. So I want to think specifically of that historical period. Early Church Paul apostles. Does he talk about running a race somewhere else I think there's a scripture song so you might know it I don't know it off the top of my head but I know I've sung it. They want to venture a guess. There's one place that I could think of there might have been others. You know it's got it first it is nine. Let's go there first Corinthians nine twenty four to twenty seven. So what we're doing here is to say OK what else has this author said about the subject to see if it can enlighten broaden our understanding of what we have discussed first going in chapter nine beginning in verse twenty four. Again I mean the E.S.B. version it says Do Not Do you not know that you know. A race all the runners run but only one receives the prize. So run that you may obtain every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath and imperishable So I do not run aimlessly I do not box. As one beating the air. But I discipline my body and keep it under control. Left after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified. Are there any relationships between what Paul is talking about in first going to step in line and what he saying in Hebrews. Oh he says in a race all the runners run but only one receives the prize. So run that you may attain no force in this race that he talked about in Hebrews Chapter twelve he is not saying that you are the only one who's going to win but what his point is is don't be lazy. If you're going to run run with all you've got. If you going to do it make it count and what is it going to take what is going to take. Self control discipline keeping his body under control not running aimlessly temperance is what the King James version uses. So here are some key words we need to have determination run that you might obtain. We must have temperance self-control and hear that word again. Discipline. So you see the word discipline is you know we actually use that when we talk about athletes right the limpid athletes they really are disciplined in what they eat when they train how they sleep. All of that he's saying for us to finish this race. We need the same thing. And how does God help us. He disciplines us. He disciplines his children to guide us to teach us the values and how to walk or to run this race. OK So that observation we're just looking at what Paul says in other places. All right another thing I mentioned this morning. A helpful way to help us in observation is to simply paraphrase what we just read. So we're back and he was Chapter twelve and here is my paraphrase. I just paraphrase a different bullet points. You can paraphrase this in other ways I think to finish this race me to cast off our sense we need to look to Jesus who is our example of how to resist sin. He resisted sin to the point of blood. Don't be dismayed when God disciplines us it is evident that we are His children True Children. Elsewhere Paul expound on the discipline needed to win the race. That's my paraphrase. Hebrews chapter twelve. Here are some of the key points. Here's how I read it and this is what stood out to me and of course again I want to reiterate this your paraphrase will not look the same as mine and that's OK as long as you are sticking with the verse and you're not just going all over the map. As long as you're just rewording what is stated in your own words as good and. I do want to pause you to mention one thing and that is all I'll mention it here on this on the slide. We're moving in the interpretation moving into interpretation. So now with all of these facts that we've gathered to paraphrase we put into our own words we have an outline. We know what this is actually saying and we know what Paul says and other places. Now we want to synthesize together to see OK what does it really mean. I mean the meaning is pretty obvious in this passage I have to say this is not the most difficult passage which. Well sort of by design but there are some things that we need to stitch together to synthesize for a clearer broader picture. First of all I want to remind ourselves who the audience was who was Paul writing to primarily. It wasn't to us per se. The Hebrews. So when he said Look to Jesus is he not saying Look to the Messiah who has already come. Look to Jesus not for him as another Messiah or to the earthly temple. Paula things look in until Jesus the author and finisher of our faith is saying Look to Jesus as opposed to another Messiah to come or to the earthly sanctuary and perhaps casting off our sins and weights in this race. We all know what sins are but why does he use the word weight. Perhaps it's because they are weighted by the ceremonial law. They're looking at the sanctuary and they are chained to it. They can move beyond it. It's a way that's keeping them from finishing the race and Paula saying yes there are things in our lives that individually we need to repent of and confess and give up but there might be waits which aren't necessarily things but they're holding us back. So to the Jews to the Jewish Christians you saying there are certain things we have to leave behind. Look to Jesus not to the sanctuary and then of course Jesus is the example resisted unto blood striving against sin and Jesus has such discipline to resist and even to the point of blood. So Jesus demonstrates to the discipline that needed like an Olympic athlete that's going to win the gold medal. Jesus he was soulful. Look at least he was so in the zone that he was willing to suffer the sweating of blood to resist the scent. All right. Discipline is necessary to be a better runner in the spiritual race because it will help us to overcome sin. That's another application or rather interpretation based on. He was Chapter twelve but specifically to the original audience. The nation of Israel has Israel been disciplined before in history so many times so many times right. Babylonian captivity the Syrians came the northern southern kingdom was rent and then of course Egyptian captivity earlier on. And then Roman captivity. But then again they are to be discipline again because Jerusalem was to be destroyed. But what is Paul saying don't be weary of his correction. The Temple might be destroyed Jerusalem might be sacked but don't despair because God disciplines as our earthly parents disciplines us we or those who are of the Jewish Christian faith. They have a chance to learn from the discipline that God imposed upon their nation. This is interpretation. These are some of the things that God was trying to communicate to them. OK so let's move on the application so this these online applications that I glean from my own study. But you want to have different applications for yourself. OK so based on what we just read and applications that we have come up with or interpretations rather my application of pluck up my courage and pick up my pace as Ray stop being so easy. I'm too lazy in the morning I don't want to get out of bed I don't want to spend enough time studying the Bible I'm afraid to spend so much time in prayer whatever we need to finish the race. And so I need that discipline in my life. So I just wrote here. Imagine you're running for a gold medal in the Olympics the determination and the discipline needed. That's the mindset that this passage now is instilling within me in my Christian walk my Christian experience a Christian race rather I need to have that kind of determination run that I might obtain the prize the discipline to have self-control and temperance and be willing to actually put in the effort because this is not just a stroll in the park. We have a whole cloud of witnesses depending on us that they without US should not be made perfect you know in a sense I like how. I've heard this described in that it is like a really race and they're passing the baton down through history passing the baton of where the last leg. If we don't cross the finish line the whole team loses. That's the kind of race we're running and I don't want to let my team down. So that's my application. Stop being so lazy and let's pick up the pace. OK another application I can respond with confidence in spite of trial suffering persecution by looking to Jesus and remembering what he suffered for me. He resisted to the point of sweating drops of blood. He he was twelve verse two it says he endured the cross despising the shame and I sat down at the right hand of the throne of God he did it for me. So what am I call to suffer for him. It's nothing compared to what he did and moreover a couple applications pain is only a stepping stone to greater things. I ought to meditate on the sacrifice of Jesus application based on he was twelve. OK another one running this race with patience means enduring discipline and overcoming. I'm sort of mentioned earlier there is going to be an ongoing effort required. It's not a one time exertion. You don't run a marathon by just exerting yourself for a short period of time. It's a sustained sustained effort. OK So this I threw in here because of this because of the stage in life that I'm at. We're about to have children or a baby. And so reading about how God disciplines his children now has a different application in my mind when I read it and say last year when no baby was on the way. So here is what I found as an application disciplining my children is to lead them to holiness and to bear fruits of righteousness. So when I discipline my children. Or let me just finish reading here my role as a parent in raising my child is informed by God's plan for us. So I look at Hebrews twelve and I say what is God's purpose in disciplining us and it is to help us become holy to cast off our sin and the weights to run with patience to be able to be the disciplined runner and so when I am in the role of quote unquote the role of God right to my child now my responsibility is to work in partnership with God's plan and disciplining ups that make sense and so this is a principle now when I look at my my child I hope to remember I'm not disciplining them for my own convenience. My discipline must be in harmony with how God intends us to have characters developed in his likeness and not saying that I've got it all figured out but that definitely is a goal to strive towards. OK So this is just a small sample of is there a question in the back. OK Just just one minute. We're going to be finishing the second real quick so we're looking at. Exegetical study the verse by verse method. So with the observation interpretation application just focusing on this one passage and now when you take a step back and looking at the topical study you see that we just pulled out one piece of it in the discussion of discipleship because disciples happen to be those that actually run the race question in the back. OK Repeat the question for the recording so the question is. Hebrews Chapter twelve hours one it's referred to as the sin which doth so easily be set us and the question is is that referring to a particular sin like say sin of pride or somebody or something like that or if it's just the sin that we ourselves individually know about that we need to get rid of. Here's how I read the verse and I know I didn't dwell on this a lot because I was going through other things. It's simply the sin which so easily beset us. So whatever sin it is that we said to you that's the Senate. So that's the way I read it and in other places and Speer prophecy she may not be commenting it may not be commentary on this verse per se but there is a term called our besetting sin and it might be the way I see it is that particular thing that might be different for each person that one sin cherished will neutralize a whole power of the gospel. So I don't see it necessarily as one sin that all of humanity faces however. It's one of those places where I don't feel like there's a conclusive hears of a state of war. I don't know that helps but I am not crazy. Well I usually go to the city but I will counter any commentary last. It's really the spirit of prophecy. It's outside resources. I look at the concordance. OK so you look at all of the different places where the word besetting and sin might happen or a concept of a sin that trip someone up. OK might be like the sin of a can. He had a besetting sin sin of J. Judas Speer prophecy actually have something to say about that. The sin of covetousness in Judas is heart led him to actually betray his Lord and in the spirit prophesied this is one of the things I did not include in the seminar because that's more like how to study the Spirit of Prophecy. But there's no substitute I realized to just reading a whole lot of the spirit of prophecy because looking through even the CDROM the search is almost impossible to narrow down unless you already know what phrases you're looking for and more than the Bible. She's not just using the same words over and over but what I would do in your specific question is I would look up besetting sin and then there's a topical index in the sphere of prophecy. You can look it up. I will start there. And what usually happens as I read the chapter and she uses that word and surrounding it. It's in the context of this. Getting some Bible character or some incident and then I go and I study that out and then I realize all of that is what she's talking about. So that's the path that I would pursue that helps somewhat. And as I mention Friday night no pain no gain. The study of the Bible there's no shortcut. It's going to take time and we're in a society now where we can just you know find an instant answer with Siri on our fallen or google it don't work that way in the Bible unfortunately or fortunately however you want to look at it it's a great question. I added a few tidbits there about researching spirit. See I know we could talk a whole day or weekend just about that because your prophecy in some ways is is a different beast similar but not the same art. So this morning we did a topical study that used Hebrews Chapter twelve and then we just now we went through a literal exegetical study so we went through verse by verse which neither of which are exhausted by the way I'm not saying that we've unearthed all there is to say is just an example for the time that we have to go through it. So now I want to look at the prophetic interpretation and Hebrews is not a prophetic book. I am not here to tell you that Hebrews Chapter twelve verses five through or one through thirteen is a symbol of something you know that means something totally different that's not what I'm here to tell you but I am going to show you how having done this study prior helps us when we study the prophecies of Daniel revelation. So let's look at Revelation Chapter three Revelation chapter three and I will read in the E.S.B. again. And just off the top of her head anyone know what he was Chapter three verses fourteen and twenty two is speaking about. I think he said akin to Revelation Chapter Three yes Church of Laodicea that's what he said. Well you are absolutely correct this is the message to Laodicea in Hebrews or rather Revelation Chapter three. So let's read it together. I'm going to read in the King James and I'll read it in the E.S.P. it says and unto the angel of the church at the latest scenes write these things saith Amen the faithful and true. It miss the beginning of the creation of God I know that it works that our neither cold nor hot. I would that were cold or hot. So then because they are lukewarm and neither cold nor hot I will spew the out of my mouth because thou sayest I am rich and increased with goods and have need of nothing and no it's not that they are wretched and miserable and poor and blind and naked I counseled you to buy me gold tried in the fire that thou mayest be rich and why Raymond Domenech be clothed and that the shame of the nakedness do not appear and annoyed by noise when I sat down in a seat nineteen as many as I love I rebuke and Chaisson be zealous therefore and repent. Behold I stand at the door and knock if any man hear my voice and open the door I will come in to him and will sup with and he with me to him that overcome as will I grant to sit with me in my throne even as I also overcame and I sat down with my father in his throne he to have an ear let him hear what the Spirit say if into the churches. Reading through that were there a few words that sort of rung a bell a few phrases Yes' he says and I'm going to skip down a little bit not read the whole thing verse nineteen. Those whom I love I repeat reproved and discipline so be zealous and read and we read about God disciplining as an evidence of His love somewhere before. Hebrews Chapter twelve chapter three. OK Right before that it says you need to anoint your eyes to have annoyed your eyes with ice so that you may see is there something that we need to be looking upon. Yeah and then verse twenty one he who conquers that's in the ears of the King James overcomes I will grant him to sit with me on my throne as I conquered and sat down on my father on his throne. Is there a throne that we're supposed to be looking towards. Is there a destination where is trying to get to. At the conclusion of our race. So here are some key words we need to have ice out so we can see when you have discipline. God will discipline those of us whom he loves. It helps us to overcome and as we overcome we get to sit with Jesus in a throne. Hebrews Chapter twelve verses one and two just to review it says wherefore we are seeing where come past that was so great a cloud of witnesses let me just read it real quick. Let us lay aside every weight and the sin which so easily be set us and let us run with patience the race that is set before us looking on to Jesus do we have trouble with our eyesight looking into Jesus. But where is Jesus. Begin to Jesus the author finisher of our faith who for the joy that was there before him endure the cross despising the shame and I sat down at the right hand of the throne of God so why should we look to Jesus or Jesus. Yes he helps us overcome. But Jesus is the finish line and if we finish the race to overcome we get to sit with him on his throne and then verse three and four of course we talk about resisting sin and then verse five through eleven discipline as many as I love it. You can choose. Look to the finish line. Jesus on the throne he was Chapter twelve is relevant for later this year. So we come through the study of the prophecies of Revelation and we come to a revelation of the three we look at later Sia and we wondered to ourselves what does it mean when it says as many as I love I would be you can chase and we go RIGHT HERE TO YOU WISH up to twelve. Why does Jesus say if you overcome you can sit with me on my throne. Well he was Chapter three tells us how to overcome and why we're looking to Jesus. It's on the throne. So Hebrews Chapter twelve now helps inform our prophetic interpretation when we get to the Book of Revelation. So you see you see the progression exegetical study and then we can use in our topical study and then even in a prophetic study three steps same passage. And so that brings us to the conclusion of our time together. Let me just run past you. I'm sorry about that. Our last review for the weekend so Friday night ten principles foundational principles. That Shaped our preconceived ideas assumptions preconceived ideas or presuppositions rather as we come to the study of God's Word we need to manage those carefully or else we end up someplace we don't want to be. Three styles or approaches to Bible study exegetical topical allegorical in that order foundational down here and more literal down to more symbolic up there and then the three questions we want to ask what does it say what does it mean what does it mean to me. Observation interpretation application. And if we spend our time right here observing gathering the data being disciplined in our Bible study interpretation and application tends to flow out naturally. So our last quote for the weekend. First like the messages page eighteen paragraph four brethren cling to your bible as it read and obey the Word and not one of you will be lost. Wonderful promise. Let our heads together for prayer. Father in heaven we are thankful that you have given to us a word that is rich in life and ability to transform our lives. More today as we spend just a few moments practicing and demonstrating and thinking together we realize that we truly have a lot a long ways to go to better understand what you have cut and what you would have us to understand. I pray that we will be diligent students we will be diligent disciples and that we might truly run this race as you have commanded us to and to look to Jesus who is the author and finisher of our faith and so Lord we thank you for this weekend we've been able to spend together mean beat us in the coming week ahead we will be faithful students of your word and I think you know we pray in Jesus' name. This media was brought to you by Adil purse a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about our universe or if you would like to listen to more servant leave it is it. W.W.W. dot audio purse dot org.

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