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Using Business as Mission

Dr. Braam Oberholster
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Businesses have mission statements—that is “business with mission.” Some business people work to support mission—that is “business for mission.” But what does a business look like that is “business as mission?” Why does God need people willing to commit to business as mission? How can we as mission supporters back the niche entities operating with a business as mission approach? 

Presenter

Dr. Braam Oberholster

Professor of International Business at Southern Adventist University in Tennessee. 

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Conference

Recorded

  • August 7, 2015
    10:45 AM
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Before we start I want to just quickly introduce myself to you and the know what bias I come worth. My name is Brahma brought or I am from South Africa. I've been working at Southern administer university for twelve years teaching an area of international business and so on the one hand I'm passionate about international business. On the other hand as a Christian I'm passionate about sharing Christ. And often people ask me what's the overlap. Well I hope that today you'll see where the overlap is and that's that's where I'll try and focus my my comments before we saw that to have a prayer in talking about the seminar. Father thank you for your presence here. When my two Holy Spirit not only to be present but to press upon us and the relevant thoughts that you'd like us to to ponder and to impress upon us what action we can take based on how we are led by your spirit. Provide me with the ability to clearly explain and keep us attentive as my prayer in Jesus' name amen. No only two thousand and six my family and I were. Living in Indonesia and during our vacation times it took quite a bit of time travelling among the islands in the eastern part of Indonesia and I understand in the media is as wide as it is from Washington D.C. to Washington state. But it was just a forty thousand islands. And on the western part of the can nation there is a very strong Islam presence on the eastern part it's more mixed. In the news is the most populous Islamic country in the world but its population is on the eighty five percent Muslim. So a lot of mix in the east and more sparsely populated. We noticed something that really intrigued me. And they surely as if this is that many of the islands we would find that the towns the cities that were on the shore were predominantly Islam. But as you move up into the highlands the people were predominantly Christian. Fascinating. And the more I tried to look into what would result in this it dates back to history and then the Asian islands where the spy silence and they were called the Spice Islands and the Arab traders with their dollars would move from from there rather than main Shila and trade in the bays and the harbors of in the media and with time set up trading posts for spies and were able to influence the people with the Islamic message. When the Christians came Christian missionaries came several centuries later they could make little headway in the on the edges of the island with. A strong Muslim communities. And they didn't want to live in the in the hot areas down there they rather move into the Highlands where it was cooler and so they moved into the highlands and of course had their influence in bringing Christianity due to the people in the Highlands. And so you have this but of a dichotomy a little bit of a a two way approach where people don't want to move them and parts of the country in but on the Christian another part of the country purely based on the graphical reasons. That's when I got the first idea. If business trading was so successful and bringing Islam to the communities on these islands is it possible that we today can use business as a mission. And so what we want to talk a little bit about is the relationship between business and mission. We often talk about business with mission and when we talk about business with mission we think about having black cards against the walls of every corporation stating what is their purpose what is their vision what is their mission. Why do they exist. I don't want to talk about business with mission. We can also talk about business formation. This is the idea that the business is run to make a profit and those profits are used to fund mission activities. I'm not interested in talking about business from mission today. I want to talk about business as Mission where the business entity itself is them. No it has to be both business and mission together. And so in the dressing business as mission we want to talk about some of these kinds of questions that that arise. What is business as mission. Why is business mission so important. How does it align with other business and mission and they should. There's programs that we already run and how can we as a as I members become involved in business as mission is and addressing these questions. We're going to kind of look at four topic subtopic SEO I first want to establish very clearly why I believe business has to be involved in mission. Secondly I wanted to look at some of the challenges that we face in fulfilling the Great Commission. Then I want to explain what business this mission is and will represent with making some suggestions as to how we can move forward and become involved. So starting off with that and trying to understand our commission let's understand the found the fundamental reality of life. God created this world. He created man and he created man in His image and because God is a relational God He created man as a relational being and when you have four relationships the primary relationship is of God Creator. We're there to glorify him to serve him through out thoughts our words actions. When to experience the father joyfully. Then we have a relationship with ourselves. We've got to recognize that as a being created in God's image we have self-worth and that we are inherently have dignity and that we need to keep that in mind as we consider who we are. We have a relationship with other people. We have a community and we to love and love and a loving relationship with people in that community. We we've all heard this saying no man is an island. We've got to be part of that community and then we have a relationship with the rest of creation where we've created that's a period or being to the rest of creation and we've given the responsibility of stewardship over that creation. Well that's the perfect will it was great that sin did happen and all of these relationships are broken they've broken in a variety of them ancients will act with spiritual intimacy that we need with God when we put other things as high a priority in terms of our souls we have pride or we have such a low self-esteem that we don't recognize ourselves as being God's image. Our relationships with others like community we form friendships because of what we can get out of it. And as we look at creation we recognize that even our relationships and our role is to Woods have been less than perfect but God has reached out to reach for those relationships back to the original design. Colossians one says for God was pleased to have all his fullness develop in him. Referring to Christ and through Christ to reconcile himself to all things. But more than that he's invited us to be part of that reconciliation. Second Corinthians five all this is from God who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation. It's not just something Christ is doing where partners it doesn't. He is also and he has committed to us the message of reconciliation we are there for Christ ambassadors. So how do I tie this in with business. Well let me share what I believe. I believe that if every human being has this role of bringing about reconciliation of these relationships I think every human entity has to be also part of it. And therefore I see that every day. But this entity as a reconciliation agent of God I don't see that business is bad to make money only. It has to be making money. It has to make a profit for sustainability but its primary purpose is that it has to play a role as a reconciliation reconciliation agent. Every non-profit organization every government entity every church every human entity that we shape has to ultimately play its role in reestablishing at reconciliation and so with that as foundation as that's being our commission. Let's Next Next look at him on one. So share some some forty eight from is you either forgot about this the essential lesson of her content that in the stream in the necessary duties of life is yet to be learned by many Christian followers. It requires more grace more stern discipline of character to work for God in the capacity of a mechanic a merchant a lawyer or farmer carrying the precepts of Christianity into the ordinary business of life and the labor as an acknowledged missionary in the open field. She goes on the later on page sixty four of them God's amazing grace. Religion and business are not two separate things. They are one powerful statements. So how we've done to deal with the the challenges that we have in the world as we try to bring about the reestablishment of those original relationships. Well we have a lot to be proud of as a Seventh Day Adventist Church were present in two hundred twenty seven countries and territories out of two hundred six countries and sixty seven territories. We have eighteen point five million members we opened two thousand five hundred churches annually. One about every three and a half hours. And we've added one point one million members just last year. But there's more to the story of the total world population of six point seven billion. Only one third Christian two thirds of this world are not. But we don't want to just look at people we want to look at people groups the Josh Project has identified about sixteen and a half thousand people groups and they reckon that about six thousand eight hundred of those people groups have not been introduced to the Gospel. So there's a lot of work that needs to be done. Eighty six percent of those on the rich people groups fall within the ten forty window. And you can see in the graphic what are the predominant religions within that and forty window. Ninety percent of our mission work is among people who have already been rich with the gospel. Ten percent is to that ten forty when those ninety one percent of all Christian outreach eventually targets other Christians. We've often heard people talk about sheep stealing. If we look into the future. A Pew Research has suggested that Christians will be able to grow at the same rate as what the world population will grow. But look at the growth rate among Muslims much more rapid growth is projected to twenty fifty while other faiths will not grow quite as fast. If we look at Mission funding eighty seven percent of our money is going to where people are already Christian. Another twelve percent is for work among people who have not accepted Christ but are living in areas where Christianity is prominent. Only one percent of our mission funding is going to under-aged an evangelist people. Now this is reality. Without passing judgment. Look at our own list of projects we're going to fund during this conference. Much of it is aimed at reaching people who are already been exposed to the Christian message. Sixty percent of the enriched people groups live in countries that are close to North American missionaries and there are some eighty six countries where missionaries Western missionaries are restricted to oil even prohibited. The second challenge that we face is that much of the world's population. Fifty four percent have moved into centers. And when the surprise of that will increase to some sixty six percent of the next five years. Mega cities are emerging. These are cities with ten million or more inhabitants. Back in one nine hundred ninety S. there were ten of these cities. Today there are some twenty eight of these cities and by twenty thirty fifteen years time this will be some forty one mega cities in the world and if we look at where these are located you'll notice a big overlap between the ten for two window the countries that are closed and where those major cities are one of the approaches that we've used to enter into countries where traditionally close to missionaries is two years. But these seven countries just in the last year have put up legislation to make it more difficult to operate in those countries. Comment by the economist just a couple of months ago a study to N.G.O.s is not new law is it unique to Asia but is getting more intense and pervasive in that region including among the muck received by the regulations is leading to a clampdown on outfits and governments This alike. So we're seeing that our traditional ways of trying to reach out the doors are closing. We have to look for new approaches to get into these areas where we can send missionaries and we can send humanitarian assistance anymore. A couple of comments and questions. Not non government organization a non-profit organization A types of organizations that's all that help people. Yes. For Adventists at his address. That's an example. But but they are many. Some of them have religious roots or affiliations others not many times in Joseph's seen as representing a political agenda. CIA or something along those lines. So we have a number of challenges. We have too few people to fill the resources that are being focused on underage people. We have urban centers exploding with population and our traditional eleven years of using N.G.O.s is no longer necessary. The easiest way. So how are we going to meet the contextual challenges of furthering God's kingdom. Well there's probably multiple answers. We could have frontier missions. We can have centers of influence like we've seen developed over the past few years in the middle region. Middle East North Africa region. We've seen that the ideas of having World Vision students sponsoring students to go and study at universities within the pen for the window as a means of developing friendships and sharing the gospel through that. We certainly have radio and T.V. which are means of trying to get there and the Internet measure is a boundaryless Arena for us. The share the gospel. But is it possible that this is that mission is also a response. Keep in mind that we're looking for a approach that targets the whole be the spiritual the physical means psychological means we're looking for an approach that focuses on rich people's particular within the ten forty window. We're looking for an approach that is active in urban centers. We're looking for an approach that is welcomed by authorities. Every country wants to grow its economy create jobs for its people have a profitable entity that can pay Texas that can link up on to the global trade they welcome business and an approach that will add financial resources that will not draw on the shrinking base of financial resources that we see formation. Something that will touch virtually every person on the face of the planet. Everybody is involved in business. You have to buy food. You have to engage in business to live. We're looking for an approach that bold flesh and blood relationships using God Christ method of mingling with man the stablish in those relationships. Modeling what Christianity is. If you're working with the. People eight hours a day they get to see who you are how do you handle stress. How do you handle things when they go bad they get to know who you really are and we can model the gospel. And I realized I think I want to suggest a business this mission addresses all of those key points as an approach to share the gospel in two and reach people. It's not an approach to be used everywhere. It's what I would refer to as the mission approach. As part of the a multi-pronged approach it could be on the front line and they surely but they will be many other approaches that we could also use a model for businesses mission is the story of a quilt. Purcell I'm sorry I missed that comment. Paul was a job taker. He was a job taker. He went and took a job from Purcell inequality they call him Priscilla where the job makers. They went out and they created the business in Corinth. So they came from Rome and started the business there and we know from reading in their acts that they later moved to Syria and then on to Turkey. But they use business as a means of having a name. Influence in the community and they were creating jobs for the people they were into printing. Whereas Paul was a missionary. He sustain themselves by taking jobs at different places and so we had to make a little distinction between tent making and business his mission then making instead that you take a job in Dubai and have an influence in your workplace versus somebody going and creating a business in Kazakhstan becoming him into printing or employing people and using business as a platform formation. Others will use the same model include the world in C. and missionaries from the great controversy the spread of Christ as a missionary spirit. The very first impulse of the or near the heart is to bring others also to the Savior. Such was the spirit of the world in missionaries I know how to pronounce that word so I'll substitute that OK with English as my second language. Excuse me but I'm going to substitute substitute. They felt that God required more of them than merely to preserve the truth and its purity in its own in their own churches that a solemn responsibility rested upon them to let their light shine forth to those who were in darkness by the mighty power of God's Word they sought to break the bondage which Rome had imposed the Golden Tee and ministers were trained as missionaries. Everyone who expected to enter the ministry first required required first again and X.. Periods as an evangelist. It was just three years and some mission field before taking charge of a church at home to have made known their object of their mission would have ensured its defeat. Therefore they carefully concealed their real character. Every minister possessed a knowledge of some trade or profession and the missionaries to prosecute that they work under cover of secular calling. Usually they chose that of merchants or pedler they carried sulks jewelry and other articles at that time not is a leap purchasable save a distant MOTs and they will welcome those merchants where they would have been spun this missionary's all the while their hearts were blessed that the God for wisdom to present the treasure more precious than gold the gems and whenever the opportunity presented itself they would share the Scriptures with their clients and customers using businesses mission is not a new idea. We may have forgotten about it and shows you the story of what happened in Namibia among the him the people. Some of you may know the Peterson's who spent some fifteen years as Adventists frontier missionary is among the people trying to understand their customs trying to find ways to reach the the people and to make converts. Unfortunately with very little success of any not aware of a single among them the people really struggle. In two thousand and fourteen one of the chiefs needed to have a well dug village. So he asked around if there was anybody that could do the work. Well somebody referred him to Karoly over person this from a different tribe. And after negotiation they set up a verbal contract and growly started doing the work. When Friday arrived as a courtesy he informed the chief that he would not be working the next day and the chief wanted to know why an opportunity to explain and to share a girl either not work on Sabbaths was back on Sunday continued with his work. Time came for Friday. He again informed the chief he would not be working. The chief was observing very carefully what is happening and how he was doing his work. Towards the end of the work we do share more with him. Within the next couple of months that Chief and several of the members of that village are going to be baptized. Business on the forefront of mission. So let's define business mission. It's a for profit commercial business venture that is Christian led intentionally devoted to being used as an instrument in God's mission to the world. There's operated in a cross cultural environment either domestically or internationally. So let's check that just a little but cross cultural. Some of you may recall the. Christina's kitchen interview that we had on Wednesday evening and I listened to it with great interest because she was explaining Bam buzzers mission here was a group of people that were culturally quite different. Here was a group of people that they had spent five or more years becoming part of the community. It was incarnational they live in that community and try and become part of them to understand them and then they started using buzz and that's as a means of reaching more of the people in that community. It's domestic It's was in the eastern part of Kentucky. It doesn't have to be international. Of course we need to seriously look at that then for the window and I will probably emphasize that part more. But we have to recognize it can be with a cross cultural context. We have multiple places in the country here in a city areas where you go into and it feels like you're in a different planet. I love taking students on to others. And one of the places I tour with students is New York City. I got this figured out to a tee already. Certain subway line I take from part of a part of New York Manhattan and on a bus. But think of the station we pop out from underneath and every sign you see is in Chinese. It's durian and Peking duck and everything Chinese and it's as if you've moved from one country to another country by subway ride and it's always fun for me to watch the student expressions as they try and get accustomed to. Is this America. So we have we have many of these communities these these cultural enclaves that we have maybe not been able to reach. But there's also multiple people groups in the tent for the window. It's a long term. We're not just looking here at a six year mission time. We're looking at decades we're looking at a lifetime in fact in some cases I think it may even be multigenerational. We have to learn the language we need to understand the customs. We need to be bold credibility. Every group of people who see outside the scum are going to ask the question Who are these outsiders. What is their agenda. Why are they are they here to exploit us. It's here to spy on us. What is their agenda. And it takes years to figure that agenda out because they will always be this bias against foreigners. And so it has to be long term. It has to be holistic Christ's life was a holistic mission. He wanted to take the whole Gospel to the whole man to the whole world. It has to deal with the spiritual needs of people emotional needs of people the physical needs the psychological needs. I just just think what it means to be poor. Many of the societies that we need to reach them many people in poverty. And an interesting book to read is by covert then sent to go on helping without hurting. And they indicate that many people of this a nation of poverty is an economic definition. But when they interviewed the people in poverty they find that their definition is really a psychological definition. It's this idea that we're not worthy to be part of. And so by providing jobs providing economic growth in the Konami context system we're able to provide people with more than just physical needs economic needs. We can actually get them to feel better and use in that part of the the holistic approach. It has to be incarnational. We can't just have the idea of well we can go there for a few weeks and try and make a change. It has to be something that takes over time where we are with the people that they can see that we are like insiders. We work alongside them as equals and with there to help them. It has to become to actually appropriate. It has to be harmonious with the existing cultural context but it also has to be a harmony with the Bible so they can be accepted by. That we can be accepted and the message that we give is accepted by the people there and it has to be a real ministry to meet people's needs. I recognize that this is going to take place at two levels. We got to minister to people that we reach through our business. So we're going to have influence over a work force. We have influence on their families. We have influence on our customers on our suppliers. If we bring money from the bank we have an influence there. So anything at the business end that the itself has an influence on. That's one level of ministry. A second level is the community being coming to gauge the community at multiple ways to have them recognize that we are a business that does things differently and some of the characteristics of a business is mission is that we've already talked about that being a holistic. But it is done with a kingdom perspective and what we mean by that is that we don't look at business as a means of making a profit. We see business as a means of bring about that reconciliation we talked about earlier. It must be a real business. You have to be able to make a profit. People are going to ask serious questions if they can't see that you are likely to make a profit. This is not to be a facade that we used. We can gain a visa into a country that has to be a real business and we have to have that same time be involved in a real mission because our definitions said this is an intentional I'm just going to start a business there. This has to be intentional and it's got this idea of having multiple bottom lines. I'm going to have the bottom line of a profit. I need to have the bottom line of being ecologically. Being a good steward of of the ecology I have to have the bottom line of helping the community. I need to have a bottom line for our ministry. So it has multiple bottom lines to the Consider it comes in all shapes and sizes. It can be a small business like Christina's kitchen. It can be a large multinational corporation like its MIT illustrate it shortly do you. It can be something that is starting up in the industry and it could be just a simple retailing outlay. Some of the hour. I think I missed one point here. It's different in a number of Christian based ministries that we we run into. You may have run into a number of workplace ministries that operate. Anybody familiar with the crisis at work which is a network of Christian business people. We have another group that call themselves. He's business. Yes He's business limit that's the number of these workplace ministries where Christian people coming together for fellowship and support as they tried to use their businesses as a means of bringing about change. It's also different than ten making we made that point here. This is about jobs making about job taking. It is different in business formation is not about making money so we can give money and to support missions. The entity itself is a mission. So some of the impacts that this mission can have and then just see what my time is here. I want to make sure I we have another thirty minutes. I'm about right. Good. So we have now thirty minutes and it has the obvious impact of the economic stimulus. We create jobs. We will be able to improve living standards. We become part of the. Because I think multiplier effect so that there is a common growth and economic prosperity with within the community. We pay fair wages not trying to get by with a minimum remember we are muddling Christianity. And when I talk about modern Christianity I want you to think what the experience is for people in many of the ten forty when the countries so many times and we just had it recently I was in China and we were visiting a university where they have a museum of of ethnic minority clothing and there were a few English speaking Chinese students that took us through the exhibits and in our conversations they were starting to talk about the United States being a Christian country and must be so wonderful to have to live in a Christian country. And we started asking them what do you mean. Well everybody says that you and I say the Christian countries everything that we see from the United States must be Christian including everything it comes from Hollywood. That's their image of Christianity. So when they talk about Christians being infidels they are right because the image that's been cemented in their thinking is quite different to what we have and so when we talk about modeling Christianity we have a huge task to set right the record. And so we have to go in. As a business entity they had to pay fair wages we cannot be seen to be exploiting. It has Community Transformation impact. We are modeling Christ our working conditions where we offer our employees the professional development that we offer our workers the the modeling that we do. When we face difficulties keep in mind that you're not going to necessarily have a complete team of Christians making decisions in that business. You're going to have some of your senior leadership team could be people from the local country that are not Christian but are not necessarily opposed to Christians. And so you'll be modeling the opportunity for them to see what how Christians behave when things become stressful. When did lines need to be met. It has a universal development dimension. It's not just something that applies to the ten forty when though we have many of our you know city situations where it can also be relevant. And it is a shitty mission. We've got to be able to share the gospel and the salvation that Jesus Christ brings to a world that is hurting many of you have may have come across the little book by Philip some on Christ method alone. If you have not is really worth reading. And he bases his whole book on this quote from ministry of healing Christ method alone will give true success in reaching people that save it. Mingled with men as one who desired the good he showed his sympathy for them. He ministered to their needs and won their confidence and then bade them follow me. What recipe for a business is mission and they ever make Will this man show people that you there to to do good for them that you have sympathy. You win their trust and then you can share the gospel. Rita Chung worked for Texas Instruments for some thirty years. When he is American he founded F M I see. Back in two thousand and basted in Shanghai China by two thousand and eight it become the largest chip maker in China and the number three chip maker in the world foundry of semiconductors in the world. They had several facilities in China not just in Shanghai. And when he was asked why did he choose to bring his business to China. His said We call to China to share God's love. About two thousand and eleven. They sold the company also says public company doesn't quite have the same Christian leadership and the same overarching business its mission objectives. But they use this company to establish multiple churches and at one stage it was estimated that about one thousand that has twelve thousand employees had become Christian. When asked Isn't that problematic that you should run a overtly as overt as right wing quite active Christian business in China. His response was there's no conflict between the party's goals and the question is do we contributing to the comic reforms. There are the business people in China do exactly the same and we have a Korean dentist who ran a business in Beijing to make a metal tanks. He's also left recently Richard John is not an Adventist by the way insistence just Christian button. Yeah we have we have we have very few much for your Adventist business is missionary business as mission missionaries. Then what I observe from from other faiths it seems like this is something that's the face of be much quicker to take up. But if it works it's something I that's been very effective. Another thing to try and illustrate. Another way of understanding business is missions I want to try and develop a little topography and we start off with two dimensions. The dimension of economic independence and the dimension of the Gospel intentionality. And we look at N.G.O.s and religious based humanitarian organizations and workers. You'll find that they are very dependent on getting money from donors so they are on the pin and side here and they on the low to medium range in terms of intentionality to share the gospel. Now there will be exceptions I'm kind of generalizing here to get a get a feel for some companies are independents but Christian companies are not necessarily intentional. And then we have Christian workers and that's not showing up very clearly over there on the left hand side. This could be all missionaries and having been in the mission field mouse cell for some thirteen years. I can tell you that they are people that are very intentional with their mission outreach and there are others who are quite happy to see it as a job as an expatriate job that they perform in another country and are very low on gospel sharing intentionality marketplace ministries somewhat in the pendant and they range in terms of how intentional they are in sharing the gospel and then when we talk about tent makers or we have a whole range of different types of tent makers starting off over here with thirty one pit makers one these up. People that are hired within the United States or their own country they are then sent to another country. They operate as a Christian worker in the country but their primary objective of being in that country is to have a full the job requirements and they are just modeling Christianity so it's not very intentional. T. to is somebody who's actually taken some missionary training and when they are sent abroad for their company they are intensional actually have mission training and the mission plan in spreading the gospel. Then make a three has missionary training and business training and they use the the job to access a group of people. But they are often part time or they also represent attending mission organization and that's why we see them moving a little bit more to the dependent because sometimes they are subsidized by attending church so they may have a job that's fifty percent employment fifty percent commission then banker for people who work for international non-profit organizations N.G.O.s that specifically have a humanitarian agenda and then take a five up in the right or left corner. More traditional missionaries who use business as a cover to get a visa into a country we sometimes refer to these as the job fakers. They don't have a real business job. They faking it and. I have issues with that personally may cause I think that that portrays this honesty and when we're trying to model Christ I don't think that would be appropriate but. But there are people that that choose to use that method. And so they're very intentional but they bury the pain even though they are supposed to work for A.B.C. trading company they're actually sponsored by A.B.C. church and they didn't make it six. The spouses of tent makers who are going there and will get involved in missionary work. And I kind of put them in the center because yes they in the pin and but they also kind of depended on the spouse to to support their selves financially. Then let's move on. We have markets place Christians people who are active in the marketplace. They're very intentional about that but they're in the pen. And if you've run into David Keim I think he's presenting sometime tonight tomorrow. He is an example of a marketplace Christian that is very intentional very active in sharing the gospel in his workplace. And then we have businesses mission where we are completely independent financially as a business but we're very intentional. Now I think this the top right hand corner. I want to expound that a little bit more and so I want to look at two more dimensions. Location being either a home culture or a cross cultural context and what is the relationship to your job as are you a job taker or a job maker. So. Then makers are takers. Working across cultural context marketplace questions in their home country. Taking a job marketplace ministry's. Sometimes these people are actually C.E.O.'s and they make jobs but they can also be people who are job takers working in their home country Kingdom professionals. Well we find them all over the lake either at home they were abroad they job takers they job makers business mission. These are situations in organizations that make jobs you know looking across cultural. So kind of gives you an idea of this is a very specific niche for business as mission this isn't for every situation. And if you think of the impact this will have on your family and on your life not everybody is likely to sign up for this type of approach. But I think it is important for us to recognize that we need to encourage into paniers able to take it up. Let's briefly look at some of the challenges and I'm going to be very brief on this because I need to take care of a few more things before our time is up. It has. We start off by trying to find a business opportunity as well as a mission opportunity. Recognize that we're going to be running a business. So we've got to find a market opportunity. We a good market science where we can run a unique business so that we can have competitive advantage within that context. It has to be financially viable. This has to be a hundred percent business. So you think business has to be a business but we've got to look at this business opportunity and try and know the leopard also with a mission opportunity where are we able to go and reach people that have not been reached by the Gospel. We need to put together a mission minded business team a team that has multiple different scales you're going to need to have people who have experience in starting an enterprise to wrap up the ramp up the business to exit the business and into paniers it know how to to run that type of arrangement. You need to have people who have different disciplines so that when it comes to decision making they're able to give different perspectives but they also have their mission minded. They have to have a very strong spirit show experience with Christ and keep that alive. We need to deal with overcoming the liability of fairness. When you go into another country you know you lack understanding of the way that the political system in the bin the system and the legal system runs. How do you go about promoting in that market how do you collect your debts. Now we know how to operate in the U.S. could be quite different than other countries so there's a moment amount of learning it needs to take place. If you don't have the context you don't have a network of people that you can call on to give you advice. You're a foreigner and your coming was a disadvantage. Having a bias against you because you're a foreigner so there's this real obstacles in overcoming that liability of foreign. Another time just the velour pay support an advisory network. We need people who are lawyers accountants technical experts government officials that can provide you with guidance so you need to develop that network. Again that's something it will take time but you also need to have a team of people at home that can provide you with prayer support. This is not something we can go out in the law. If you understand how lonely it gets when you're going into a country where you may be the only Christian you're very dependent on a home support system. They can provide you a regular contact. You can just show frustrations with that status that you can rely on to give you support. And then there's the the adjustments for the family and they expect traits of the worker themselves. You need to understand language you need to know how to shop you need to get accustomed to what kind of recreational opportunities they are. You need to learn to enjoy the food. All of these adjustments that really can be a challenge. And then we have got to recognize that just as we are. See in first Peter we're all part of the priested. There is no hierarchy of calling when we get to heaven it's not the missionaries that get to go in first followed by the pastors followed by the doctors and nurses and the teachers and maybe the last people that will get in this profit seeking business people. There's no hierarchy like that we're all part of the priesthood in the same way every type of outreach program an organization is doing the same work but his mission is not some special group of people going to be going into the kingdom first followed by missionaries followed by N.G.O.s in Exeter where all part of the same team. We need a multi-pronged approach and that's an important mindset to maintain so that people don't get to get skewed ideas. Shows you the story from is picky son. Do US families had undergone missionary training had worked in Project Stan and Dickie stand for for several years. But their their agenda was discovered and they were put out of the country. And because of their experience as a serial into paniers their mission training their experience in a Muslim country they decided that after some prayer to move to make each gun and the not. No what they were going to do. They had been involved in business mission previously so they moved into this country and they started looking for business opportunity scarred the hard way to go. But that's what the what happened in this particular case. After some months of looking around there then you find a business opportunity. All the eggs that were being sold in this biggest con were being imported from Russia after it was removed from the supermarket shelves in Russia and I was they were outdated they were old and so they figured that if there was no poultry industry maybe that would be a place to start. So they basically developed the poultry industry in a sticky stuff. They start off of bringing in chicks they started developing a formula for chicken feed. They brought in equipment they had in the training of of how to run the poultry business for local people and they actually started these small little poultry farms and getting lots of people involved and then set up a distribution network so they would become the wholesaler in this tribute or of of eggs. So it really developing the whole poultry industry from from scratch there came from Russia where white eggs white shelled eggs they were able to fine tune their formula for the chicken feed so that they were able to produce cream colored eggs and be able to distinguish their eggs from from the imported eggs and start marketing it as a more nutritious egg. And so if you anything about poultry if you. Don't give chickens the proper feed they just oddly enough eggs. So people have to keep buying your feed which means that they want to buy their feed because they could get a premium price for the cream colored eggs. And as a result they were able to establish a pretty profitable business and they used the training as a means of sharing the gospel. They brought these farmers in on a regular basis to train them and new ideas sharing new approaches and telling them about what was happening in the industry. And this became a network a community of of the poultry industry and it was led by a group of Christians who were using it as a platform to share Christ. So now the interesting example of where business is mission has worked well in another Adventist. Where can we as a as I members go with the concept of business as a mission. Well I'd love to be able to see a dozen or more people from from this audience say I'm an Independent or I want to go. Unlikely but there may be some people here and that would be something that we could do we certainly can encourage and I'm very active encouraging it among our students. I teach international business. You can see how it fits in trying to get students to say go. I try to get them to do to be intentional about thinking along those lines but probably one of the best there is and I think it's going to be easier for us to. Two to get involved in is to stop thinking of ourselves as possible angel investors. Many of us have investments in mutual funds or stocks or other types of investments. Is it possible that we could put up together a fund where we can provide financial investment money available for people who are interested in going. Many times these people will not have sufficient funds to be able to start the business. We can add a new dimension to being an angel investor which is the technical term used in business for venture capitalist. So it could be angel investors you know from a new dimension. But if if if we could recognize that we would need to be patient investors. We would need to be people who we expect a return because this is an investment but it doesn't have to be a ten percent return we may be quite happy with three or four percent but we do expect a return and we may be willing to wait recognizing it will take time for new ventures to really take root. Now if if you have an interest in new year and you've looked at venture capital you know that these people are asking fifty to sixty percent return. Now if if we if we can get a venture capitalist to accept anything less than that it's a miracle. But why not be patient investors recognizing that our return is not just a financial return but there's also a mission return. You're talking about I see an issue. It's I guess that's an idea I hadn't thought of but yes that would be I think it. And let me share with you how my time is going here my time is up to let me share with you just one possibility here. This this is an idea two months ago I ran into data slee his day in the New Year from Shanghai China. He he ran a business in South Carolina. Boats bought out an old factory that was going to be closed so you got it pretty cheaply turned it around made it a huge success and then sold it off to the U.S. investor again. China is a unique situation. His children are getting to a stage where they need to go to school and he is saying I don't want to send them to government school I should I say as a child not his children. Some of you may be aware in China they have a one child policy. Think about it. Two parents have one child that marries another child and has a grandchild. This third generation child has six adults that has all their hopes for their legacy encapsulated in one person. Now they also show by mentions about interacting with others that we could talk about but the amount of attention the amount of hope that these adults placed in the single child is just enormous. So they want the best education for that child to give them the best opportunity in a country that has one point four billion people. It has enormous competition for the. Actions that are available in this occasion system is also an education system that is godless. There is no religion in there and it's based on RAP learning. Big groups and I've been to these schools and I walk through past the classrooms and you just hear the whole class from seeing this written recitation reciting things. So what if we had a whole incorporation start international schools English medium which would provide real advantage for those kids where we have no connection of the church. We don't profess to be Christian but we bring in the Brickell principles as part of the curriculum. There's no relationship so they can't think that this is proselytization which is against the law in China and will be able to reach hundreds of kids. What's with this whole incorporation could have a hundred schools it would take a large amount of money to invest. Of course she was taller than one school of course but I'm thinking beyond the next two years I'm thinking twenty years down the road if we have a hundred schools. Just think of the impact we could have in building the Kingdom of God in that country. Could be. So in conclusion. When reminded about selves that our calling is to be partisan with God to bring about the very transformation of the relationship to God recently created us with. Now we're not just that there are areas of this world where we have not had much reach particular in the ten forty window and we realize that one approach to to reach these people could be through business as mission and as we look forward we need to consider ourselves taking an opportunity to become into paniers in a business as mission venture or possibly becoming investors in a business in such an entity. Thank you for your attention. Time is up and I will be happy to address any questions that you may have either as a group or individually. Thank you very much for being present your attention now with the wonderful blessing during the rest of our conference. Ok media was produced by our users services and industry. If you would like to learn more about time please. W W W W W Do you verse or.

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