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Isaiah and the Assyrian Terrorist Threat

Michael Hasel

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Michael Hasel

Director of the Institute of Archaeology at Southern Adventist University

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Conference

Recorded

  • September 20, 2008
    3:00 PM
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to talk about I say I need official title that I gave this topic in your program will different no one am on the board I'm a little bit more careful now because the title it's in your in your programs I gave at a venue one time I talked about the Syrian terrorist threat and I need to be careful because there are American citizens who are who are from Persia from ancient Persia I mean for modern Persia which is what country Iran and they call themselves Assyrians and I certainly didn't want to imply anything by that but I have some people the back of the auditorium that day on the edge of their seats the point is though that of course during this time there was some major threats towards Jerusalem were to talk about that today let's go ahead and jump right into it in the year that King was iodide so the text begins in Isaiah chapter six this was a very traumatic time for ancient Judah because the king was dead it was I was one of the more powerful Judean kings that reigned up to that point in time he had expanded economically the borders of Judah and at that time again in Israel he continued to two of you have strong economic policies that caused a resurgence probably not since the time of Solomon did you experience such a surge of activity but then the king dies and that leaves the country in a vacuum and with huge questions what is the future hold what is going to take place down the line and particularly regarding the Assyrian threat that was looming in the background this was a big question that people were asking about time thanks to an Adventist scholar Edwin Pillay who was a professor at Andrews for many years we have a definitive work now on the numbers of the Hebrew came so that we can date precisely based on the biblical evidence and extra biblical evidence precisely when these this event took place when that year was the need that we have that kind of corroboration Edwin Feely wrote his dissertation at the University of Chicago 's Oriental Institute it was later published by the University of Chicago press and is still in print today even though it was published in the early nineteen fifties it still is the definitive work on the subject that I just read an article that came out this last week describing this for us was IL-4 as awry as he is called in another passage of Scripture live from nine six seven ninety two to seven thirty nine BC so the year that King 's iodine was what year seven thirty nine so were talking about two thousand assess seven hundred and forty seven years or so ago the demise of Israel which Isaiah saw in his own lifetime took place in seven hundred and twenty two BC just a few years later and is in the year that King Uzziah died then in chapter six we read about Isaiah 's vision and his call I referred to it this morning in my Sabbath school class remember when she sees God high and lifted up seated upon his throne with the Sarah theme on either side singing one to another holy holy holy is the Lord of host that's what he sees and he's trembling at the ship trifold when he is asked the question or when God asked the question to the universe whom shall we send and who will go for us Isaiah responds that called immediately you can hesitate like Moses did more like Jeremiah did he jumps on his feet and he says Lord what send me and he then is told what he is going to expect now that is a hell that he's accepted the commission to be an ambassador for for the Lord it won't be an easy track ahead of him why well be a Syrian empire is encroaching on Judah 's message at first is directed to Israel but Israel does not see Isaiah 's methods or God 's message through Isaiah and so Israel is decimated and its population is carried off into captivity in seven twenty two BC Isaiah sees the fulfillment of that prophecy in his own lifetime and now as the powers that would be via Syrian empire moves further and further south it encroaches on Judah and there is in fact only one thing that is holding it back from its real goal and that is to get down to Egypt and conquer Egypt itself Judah is in the way and of course that but that the geographical reality of where God placed Israel right in this land bridge between the major empires meant that it would be a territory that would be fought over over and over again as the centuries went by God knew that he needed to place his people in a place where they could be a light to all the nations and he puts them right smack in the middle so that when the Egyptians had to go into trading with the Mesopotamians they had to go through Israel and when they are Mesopotamians the Assyrians the Babylonians and others to come down they had to go through Israel and so Israel was right at the center of the then known world the Assyrians were known for their blood thirsty military tactics and you read through them today you can read them in English they've been all translated you read them today and you see the images on the reliefs that have been found in the palaces of the Assyrian kings such as this one here you can see that they used every single military tactic possible to defeat their enemies you can see a guy that's tunneling his way into the city and others that are climbing up on siege ladders and later on your see others coming up with battering rams that is not a skateboard by the way that is a battering ram that would've been filled with several soldiers in this case there is one soldier that is larger-than-life than any other soldier in the scene right it's the King and by the way is not only the Assyrians that show the king and there are this way the Egyptians do as well for the King again is always shown larger-than-life use the center of attention for these campaigns so here you see the siege ramps they been built up against the mountains of these cities and you can see the various tactics employed to gain entrance into the city here's another scene again wouldn't you hate to be this guy right appear on a man in your hands not until very much put up a shield you know but obviously this is from the Assyrian perspective in the hands by the way is not up to protect his face it's up in attendance symbol of surrender in this particular stance in the battering rams going against the city wall here but we see all kinds of gruesome images of torture and in fact the Assyrians were known to flail the bodies of their victims while they were still alive and and and glory in that they were also often shown in paling bodies on on on on steaks and so forth crucifixion doesn't start with the Roman Empire goes all the way back to the searing empire they were not all so sorry about the German Gibran city that's what it says there cities are burned and I hear you can see this guy that's not a pitchfork he is caring up to go up against the brigade they are that's a firebrand K and use taking it up to the city and is ready to out like the gate on fire so this was a real aspect in here of course in the city you can see them all running up to the city gate with torches right alike to get on fire but you can see the flames are ready spelling out the top some art historians have interpreted those his antlers I beg to differ but anyway not that I think is fire ready consuming the city as well but I chapter thirty six as we jump forward in Isaiah thirty chapters after the call of Isaiah and Chapter six in verse one and just ignore the second half of that you will learn little German you can compare the two okay not came about in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah 's inaccurate king of Assyria so here we have a name of the King right not just simply king of Assyria now like it was king of Egypt or the Carol's daughter this time we have a name given so knackered king of Assyria came up against how many all the fortified cities of Judah and sees them that's what the Bible says in Isaiah thirty six one but we have extra biblical evidence as well we have the presence of sin acrid like this particular one this is one that's broken apart quite badly from the Israel Museum in Jerusalem we have another much better preserved whole prism that doesn't have a crack in it at all in the British Museum and also one at the Oriental Institute at Chicago as well but this is what Sonata grids analysts say about the same event in history the very same event and as stated by the way to seven oh one BC forty six of his strong walled towns now notice how much precise grid this he wants to make sure that everybody thousands of years down the road knows exactly how many cities in Concord and Judah it wasn't just you know all of them it was forty six strong walled towns and how many the innumerable lab bit of exaggeration there are smaller villages in your neighborhood I besieged and conquered and he goes on to describe what kind of a tactics were used in those tactics by the way mirror very nicely what we are ready of semen release a few moments ago Isaiah thirty six first two continuing in the same chapter and the king of Assyria sent Rob shakeup of this is not the name of the individual this is the title of the individual this is an official who was kind of the spokesperson for the king of Assyria from lucky east to Jerusalem to King Hezekiah with a large army so there camped out first at Lucky 's but now they are being sent to Jerusalem with a large army there you can see my quiche we look at Lucky snapper moment and here is Jerusalem like quiche was part of a series of cities you see the city is right here noticed this part is green in this part is kind of a let mustard color this is the borderland this is the chef they lower the low country this is the area Felicity over here we mention Ashkelon moment ago in the years and they were not the stela in Ashdod over to Philistine cities gaffe were Goliath came from these are the cities the Judean cities the regarding the the valleys leading up into the hill country and leaving up in the Jerusalem though the guardian fortified cities the Bible tells us that Rehoboam the king of Egypt we fortify those cities after shy shacks campaign the Egyptian king and so offer me Farrell coming from the south and hang to Jerusalem the city 's ones that are right in here within the ones that guarded the entryway into Jerusalem because Richlands located in almost almost three thousand feet above sea level these are all down in the valleys down below so locations where the king went now we know a lot about location from the excavations in Nineveh Nineveh is located near the city of Mosul in Iraq we've heard a lot about that city as we've heard about the war of the last five years or so and most sole organ of the a whole huge palace the Palace of sin that group was excavated by Henry Austin Layard the famous British archaeologist and you say here you have a large courtyard and then the screen area here where the inner rooms of the King all of these walls were were covered with these beautiful relief some of which we just saw some of which weren't so beautiful basically showing the game going on lion hunts going on military campaigns and bringing back the material for for the Syria interacting with the gods and so forth here we have an artist depiction of the magnificence of this palace the height of the palace on the viewer then to the British Museum and the Louvre in Paris and you've seen these huge huge monuments that are found in other places as well in Persia and other locations that's standing right here right at this entrance and you're looking back into the inner room over here this is known as the luckiest room like quiche the city of location was the second most important city after Jerusalem in Israel as the one we just saw circled up on the on the map there so if you look from here on courtyard and you look through all these areas this love feeds the lucky humans call the lucky Sharon because they are a series of eight panels were found of relief depicting the seed that's inaccurate hat against the city of lefties just as the Bible describes here is an artist depiction you can see the infantrymen here you can see them with aryl bows and arrows you can see the slinger is yes they had slingers as well and I wish I could've brought one of the sling stones with me today we have two of them in the museum they are about the size of a baseball and they are also a picture in a moment they're huge and ends and in terms of you know what we think of think of sling stones and they were carved specifically to be perfectly round man of very dense flint like Locke that weighs between two and three pounds that could be hurled at a hundred and twenty miles the length of a football field and a half with deadly accuracy Roman medical records actually indicate to the physicians of that time how to remove sling stones from the body because if you weren't wearing armor they would penetrate K Soviets were in and you remember what the Bible says and Samuel about the slingers the left-handed slingers of the tribe of Benjamin that could aim of those stones within a hair 's breath case of these are the sling stones were talking about right here we got two of them in the museum here and I used to take them with me when I gave this lecture at different places but I got tired taking what we call the list is through airport security so I don't do that anymore too much explanation required anyway so this shell is one of the reliefs here you can see the siege ramps being built up using all of them one to three four five six seven this is only one panel ORC brands and more siege engines are depicted against the city of Las Vegas than any other relief from any other palace in the Assyrian records that we half the city was the focal point of some major major attack and you can see in these scenes by the way a number of things that people are ready leaving out of the city gates it's kind of a how shall we say it it it doesn't have a frozen moment in time but it shows kind of the sequence of events that takes place in this narrative art that we have here so you see not only the attack in the defense but you also see the end result is the cap as the as the inhabitants of the city leave and as the Assyrians carry off the spoils in the captives as well here is what it looks like in person by the way these are the British Museum now they are to question all these back to England on ships and you can see than they are today in London noticed this particular image here you can see the defenders on the city walls you can see the shields they are in the towers the Windows what are they throwing down what are these things are gone to another pictures close up what are these things that are being thrown down this is kind of on the side of their torches just like the torches that the people running to delight the gates on fire basically the inhabitants of glycation are throwing torches of fire down so that they can what burn the battering rams that are coming up to destroy their city walls as a defensive mechanism but the Assyrians aren't stupid they got not only archers defending their siege engines they got a fireman right over here with a long stick behind him and adored flying water over the ramp CNN so you can study this actually seems quite quite for some time and and and pick out these little details these are planks of wood by the the way that were used to build these siege ramps that led up to the city walls and so we have a very very detailed description given here on the walls of Nineveh which is by the way the same city that Jonah fled from remember that story if you understand a little bit about how vicious the Assyrians were in their military tactics and their reputation around the Middle East at that time it's no longer as no wonder that Jonah headed as far as he could in the opposite direction because from a human point of view there was nothing that was good that that was to come that was good to be good out of Nineveh that was what Jonah thought anyway and of course when he got to that wicked city he didn't like the outcome that God had planned either we go to the ancient city lefties I love visiting the site and still visited today this is the mound of ruins of location these are multiple layers of cities superimposed one on top of the other there are fifteen cities superimposed on top of each other here at location and you can see the outline of the wall here around the top part of the towel we call this a tell which in Arabic or Hebrew means mound of ruins this is the area that the soldiers enough soldiers but the inhabitants we walked up in order to enter through the city dangers the city gate right here this is the road up in the city gate into the city here and here there is a a kind of a bridge a land bridge between the noun which was defensible clearly on all sides with a shell over here on this side covered in this forest and according to the Assyrian records according to the release 's inaccurate to set up his camp shearers so that he could watch the city attacked from a safe distance light across the valley we look at it from another angle K here is again the lock and here's the gate and outer Dave and an intraday here are the remains of the walls of the city some of them being covered up this is just a dump of the archaeologists overhear the skill that's how much dirt has been removed just from the British excavations of the early nineteen twenties and so this is the whole city of location the second most important city in Judah second the Jerusalem that is talked about here in both the Bible and also in some Akron 's campaign is that nice young artists around I can reconstruct what it really looked like in ancient times so here we have the city we have this huge Temple Fork right in the middle of the city and we have a double wall here's the outer one city wall again in the inner-city by the way when you're approaching the city you're approaching it from the side right walking up like this and if you're right-handed like most of us are rivers restored RB he arrived where the archers they are where's your shield arm here so you're automatically a disadvantaged approaching the city from this angle if you're right-handed which most people are and most people work because your shield arm is over here in the archers can easily get you without you walking like this the whole time I so also they had the nest the general approach that you have in these agencies there always from the same direction or most the time anyway so there there's an here's the flank right over here now in excavations is not even a nicer one I had to get this image from Munich I had to make phone calls to get this image so we can use it our library and I'm sorry in our museum and down we had a question of money for this image but anyway here's the outer outer gate and in the inner gate over here so this is the city today there is the outer gate right over here you can see how impenetrable the city would've looked from the outside as you come approaching with an army now we've gotten I saw this on barb wire those are those are vineyards in the foreground and this is worsened that Cribbs camp would have been now in the British excavator they are years ago in the nineteen and the teams in the twenties and thirties they uncovered a huge amount between that place worsen Acrobat 's camp in the city it was huge amount of rubble and stone the material that you know what it was with them until Tel Aviv University under David usage can begin excavating there in the seventies that they figured out that this was in fact the ancient siege ramp that the Assyrians had built up against the city wall the only one to exist from the Syrian in the entire ancient world now we have a role in one that was built against the city and the side on some of you abandon the site on you you've seen that Roman siege ramp that was built against the fortress of Herod the great but this one was built by the Assyrians hundreds of years earlier and it's amazing let's look at some of the statistics here it was made of stones weighing twenty five thousand times and it was estimated by one person but if the worker could carry forty five kilograms an hour a distance of three hundred meters I know we have to convert benefits to our terminology ten thousand workers could have completed the task in about three weeks twenty three days that want you to imagine your inside the city as a Judean watching while this is taking place we don't know if they use the Syrian soldiers to build the siege ramp not they many times did at least the Romans did this with Mossad according to Josephus they use Jewish slaves that they had captured from other cities to build the siege ramp so that the inhabitants wouldn't kill their own people in the progress would go much faster so you know that they would they be thought strategically about all of these things but on this seems rather area around this siege ramp area we have found hundreds of these things gone through they are just described to you hundreds of them you can see here they are the Assyrians with their sling stones appear to have a pile of the next to them and I wasn't mad and I tell my students and I grew up in Michigan up in the North we have snow I know you think you have snow down here but it's really not I'm always amazed when the schools you know cancel congested at the hints of any kind of floors are anything but anyway is probably good thing that they do but up up in the north we've just snowball fight you know out the playground at school timing and what what what would happen if you got a snowball thrown at you and you are so fortunate to catch it before it hit you what would you do it draw it right back right so on and it's it's likely that these sling stones would be cast back and forth between the defenders of the city and those on the inside even if it struck home with one of the soldiers so you can think about those kinds is very different than our modern warfare you can't reuse bullets very well unless you not melt them down or something that takes a lot of time the archers there wearing armor around them even around their heads and mail around their chests and here they are with their bows and arrows in their quiver is filled with more error roles behind and yes we found hundreds and when I say we had an excavator in the feces of the archaeologists are just include myself in them there were hundreds of arrows that were found there mostly iron but even some made of other materials like bone and so forth as well this is what WG schist and wrote and by the way the four volumes of the find the final report volumes on the wiki six divisions have just been published last year we happen in our library here are fantastic the city of level three was on the ground by the Assyrians by the way the Assyrians always make this claim they say we captured I capture this look at things as I captured by plundered I carried away the spoils I burned and raise the cities to the ground that's precisely what we find in the cities we don't find any just little burnt spots here and there the cities are completely decimated their actually are picked apart and and basically raised the ground in here you can see the men in this scene up above with crowbars with pics doing precisely that is the as the bricks and as the beams are falling down on this agency said of the decision says buildings namely the palace for the gay complex as well the small dwellings and shops and the inhabitants of the inhabitants are like quiche were consumed by fire so the city was completely destroyed now location is located here but it was not the focal point of the attack against Judah what was inaccurate really after after all Jerusalem the capital right that's where he was adding my kiss was one of those necessary space to the day before he got to Jerusalem and so that's precisely what the Bible says he wanted to go to Jerusalem he was heading for Jerusalem what happened we read about again Isaiah chapter thirty six and by the way you can read parallel accounts in Chronicles and kings as well in Kings it's almost identically written as it is in Isaiah he sends his rep shakeup first of all this guy was the spokesperson of the King and Rob Jacobs stood and cried with a loud voice in Judean notice does he speak to them in Assyrian or Acadian now what would the point of that day nobody could understand and say right so he makes sure that all the soldiers that are guarding the city walls around Jerusalem can understand what he's saying so he speaks Judean in the local language and he said here are the words of the great king the king of Assyria thus says the king do not let Hezekiah deceive you was Hezekiah the king of Judah for he will not be able to deliver you nor let Hezekiah make you trust in the Lord saying God will surely deliver us this shaded city shall not be given into the land into the hand of the king of Assyria so what is rotate the same don't trust Hezekiah don't trust what he says about God because the Lord will not protect the city from the king of Assyria and he goes on to argue and uses fairly conclusive logic here look at this do not listen to have the Kia for thus says the king of Assyria make your peace with me and come out to me and goes on by the way in this text to say that any of the other gods while that's that's coming down beware lest Hezekiah mislead you saying the Lord will deliver us as anyone of the gods of the nations delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria and my friend the answer that those people standing on the walls of Jerusalem would have to answer is no there is no one left we are the last ones before this mighty Assyrian army lucky she's gone and how many forty six of the walled cities of Judah have already succumbed to the king of Assyria and what about the other nations what about Israel the Northern Kingdom earlier so from a human perspective is Missouri arriving absolutely and he is using that logic for the people what would you do if you were inside Jerusalem that day and you had been the king what would you have said how would you have reacted to that particular challenge well Hezekiah sorry Hezekiah in verse thirty seven chapter thirty seven verses sixteen or seventeen praise that was his reaction he prayed and prayed to the God of heaven and this is what he said it's one of the most beautiful like the whole thing that we did some time for the most beautiful prayers in Scripture old Lord of hosts God of Israel the one who dwells between the chair of the good Hezekiah no Isaiah what did Isaiah see thirty eight years earlier when he received the call to be God 's messenger he saw God high and lifted up seated upon his throne with the Sarah theme which I believe are the same as the chair of the on either side of God 's throne singing one to another holy holy holy is the Lord of hosts and by the way the Hebrew word posts when we use that term means armies the host the armies of heaven K so he is praying to the same God whom Isaiah saw thirty eight years earlier undoubtedly he had heard of Isaiah 's experience and of Isaiah 's call and he says you are God you alone what the drug takers say none of the gods could protect all the nations that continue mysterious conquering love them could protect against the king of Assyria 's view of God are alone of all the kingdoms of the earth you have made heaven and earth is acknowledging his leadership incline your ear old Lord your member to member what would God told Isaiah would happen when he received the call in chapter six that the message would fall on what heavy hearts and tears fears that would not hear member that heavy hard spears that would not hear and eyes that would not see Jerry says incline your ear all Lord and here open your eyes oh Lord and see and hear all the words of Senator grip which he has sent to reproach the living God Hezekiah new that this was not an issue about Jerusalem and about his dominion is King but it was the God of heaven that had been directly challenged by the king of Assyria and by his messenger this was not a domestic issue this was a heavenly issue it was beyond what was they are in front of his eyes and so he approaches the living God and you know it was one of those cases that's well it's continue reading about that later truly lord the king of Assyria have laid waste all the nations in their lands they had cast their gods into the fire for they were not God 's but the work of men's hands wood and stone the next period were to be talking about some of those gods therefore they have destroyed them now therefore O Lord our God save us from his hand that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you all Lord you are the Lord you alone by the way when it's capitalized in the bar I will now all R&D Yahweh is God 's covenant name is the same name that God revealed to Moses at the burning bush the IAM the one who was who is and who is to come the one who has always been you are the Lord you alone so what we read what happened your member that what happened as a result of this well immediately immediately Isaiah comes and Isaiah ideas the king was the wonderful Isaiah gives the king in immediate message from God in answer to his prayer and he says that's enough grip will not shoot an arrow in this place for as inaccurate has called so will he go so you remember what happened CNET grid comes to the city how many hundred and eighty five thousand bouquet becomes either siege of Jerusalem and what happens during the night the Bible says the angel of the Lord came and in the morning when the camp when the sun came up that camp is filled with the bodies of the dead Syrian soldiers this is what's inaccurate says in his prism as for Hezekiah Christie in order some critics out there just bothers me sometimes they say that you know we have all these names in the Bible and we haven't found a lot of them know we haven't found we just talked about Moses we really haven't found the name Moses is in the Moses of the Old Testament we found his name and in other contexts write topmost and ramblings and so forth but we haven't found a direct reference to Moses that a few years ago somebody said David really exist because we haven't found any evidence that David exists that was in nineteen ninety two that was Philip Davies while the following year at the site of tell danwei in the north of Israel light on the Lebanese border a stela was found and guess what it was the campaign of an Aramaean king against the house of Israel and what the house of David the house of Israel being the northern kingdom of Israel house of David being southern kingdom of Judah and so you can't say that anymore I'm I'm working on a project right now run documenting at least sixty names of individuals that we know from the Bible that we have found archaeologically in the archaeological record and just a couple of the most recent ones this past summer in Jerusalem they were excavating a lot Lazar was excavating there and she uncovered the name of get allied out one of the last kings or governors of of the of the territory and we find these things on a regular basis so here he says as for Hezekiah the Judean who did not this is Hezekiah later on his annals as for Hezekiah the Judean who did not submit to my joke I surrounded and conquered his strong walled town but he goes on to describe how we did that and so forth and then he says he himself I shut up in Jerusalem his royal city like a bird in a cage punch like that I love that reminds me of Tweety Bird you know stuck in her little cage but he describes this he describes as iced he doesn't say how long the Bible says one night he doesn't say that he defeated Jerusalem their silence about that he doesn't say that he destroyed the conquered he raised to the ground he carried us boils like all the other cities none of that is said about Jerusalem simply that he shot Hezekiah like a bird in the case and if you read the annals of the Assyrians and you see how they love to brag about their conquests the silence in this inscription and the other inscriptions that had been found like it are deafening in what they really say after all what happened Isaiah thirty seven thirty one two three five four out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant and those who escaped from outside the seal of the Lord of holes will do this therefore this is the Lord concerning the king in this area he shall not come into the city nor should an arrow therefore before which yield more build a siege mount against it by the way that he came by the same he shall return and he shall not come into the city says the Lord for I will defend the city to save it for my own sake and for my servant David's sake there'd been a covenant with David that his descendents would sit on the throne of Jerusalem and he honored that covenant because of the faithfulness of Hezekiah it's interesting to me that when you look at the palace at Nineveh what do fine you find Jerusalem depicted as the focal point of that palace relief architecture walls to go into the very throne room of some act of the King what is the focal point of those beliefs like quiche the second most important city of Judah Jerusalem is not mentioned at all could it be that the Bible is it describes the events that took place on that particular local time and location could be that the Bible is telling the whole story it doesn't spend much time on my quiche but it surely expands on Jerusalem Ms. expands on Jerusalem until also about what got accomplish their where the questions that often come up is what about lucky why was it defeated and why were some of the other cities around it defeated as well it's interesting that in the relief the relief set that to pick my keys at the British Museum from Nineveh that one of the release show the spoils that are leaving that particular city being carried by a Syrian soldiers in some cases also the inhabitants of the city themselves and us as adults boils are carried out to a Syrian soldiers are shown tearing something over their shoulders that we as archaeologists recognize immediately there about this tall from the ground okay there ornately decorated on all sides and it is very clear that their incense burners what were incense burners used for they were used mostly in the context of temples and cultic places and they were not used like we use incense to make our houses smell nice bank they were used as the way they're used in in in Asian cultures and temples and so forth to cute you create a kind of ambience for the gods what was one of those were two of those incense burners doing coming out of lucky where did God say his temple should be only in Jerusalem right in our next presentation were to talk specifically about that but could it be that some of the other cities many of the other cities did not follow the reforms that Hezekiah carried out in Jerusalem and did not follow to the extent that God had called him to and suffer the results in the hands of some background the King is another lesson here though as well sometimes in our lives we think that we are surrounded by so many challenges and sometimes those challenges seen in pop also sometimes we feel like were surrounded by the armies of Sinnott Renaissance like there's no way out like like their financial difficulties or there's there's marriage difficulties or there's there's problems that you seem completely insurmountable there's there's school death I know many of you are dealing with some of those issues right now but the story that is depicted in the Bible here basically says that we serve a God who is in heaven a living God who is able to overcome all obstacles no matter how impossible they seem humanly God is able to protect is able to provide an as he did when the city of Jerusalem was about to be conquered he was able to defendants his faithful servant Hezekiah and the people who had been faithful to him there some forty six ten is one of my favorite verses it's in the context of the passage that talks about the Lord is my strength and refuge a very present help in trouble but it goes on and end at the end in the middle of that passage we have a statement that I used to have business screensaver on my computer screen in the short form be still and know that what I am God I will be exalted among the nations I will be exalted in the earth the Lord of hosts is with us the God of Jacob is our refuge we believe that today we need to rest no matter what crisis comes upon us in the times in which we live in we are living in the end times God will be a refuge that's the only security that we have is the only sense of money I I don't know how to prepare for the end times of trouble but I don't know if I can unless I am constantly steeped in God 's word and in preparing that way and I'm close to God because he's coming soon was time to break again and our next presentation will focus on the gods and goddesses of ancient Israel what happened when Israel turned away from the God of heaven what can we say about their religious practices back then let's talk a little better about that in our next session it's vividly illustrated through archaeology today thank you for your attention

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