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Ellen White and the Civil War- Part 1

Jud Lake
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Jud Lake is Professor of Preaching and Adventist Studies in the School of Religion at Southern Adventist University where he has taught since 1997. He is a passionate advocate of Ellen White's prophetic ministry and directs the Institute for the Study of Ellen G. White and Adventist Heritage. Addtionally, he has written numerous scholarly and professional articles, authored the book, Ellen White Under Fire, and edits the website, ellenwhiteanswers.org.

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  • October 22, 2016
    2:00 PM
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On Dr Lake from Southern advantage University on the professor here in the school religion and you know what he had and I think I've had an interview in class. Have I. OK That's right. Yes I teach preaching Adventist heritage a little white studies. Those are my main areas couple of other classes but mainly. In white studies and preaching and this presentation this afternoon is based on my forthcoming book A Nation in God's hands. The Civil War visions of Ellen white and white had a number of significant visions about the Civil War and that has fascinated me and for the last three and a half years I had been buried in the Civil War writing this book and finally I just finished it. It's off to the press it will be out in the spring. So obviously there's a lot of material. We're supposed to go for a couple of hours this afternoon I go for four hours straight in the morning top of that and I assume you guys want to break and we will go straight I think they told me they break about three fifteen. So we'll go for about an hour and then take a fifteen minute break and if you want to hang around for more. We'll see if I catch your attention this first hour and then I'll leave that up to you. Visions of war. Ellen White had for visions about the civil war. Let me give them to you here. Her first vision was in January twelfth one thousand nine hundred sixty one at Parkville Michigan. I will give you the background to this vision this was this took place three months to the day before the Civil War began in that vision she described a terrible war and her second vision was just a couple of weeks into the war after the first major battle on August three hundred sixty one at Roosevelt New York. This was an important vision because it had a lot of elements about where the war was at the beginning stage and she set forth the philosophy of the war and provided a remarkable statement about God's hand in the war that will focus on the. Part of this afternoon and her third vision was January for eight hundred sixty two at Balloch Creek Michigan this vision is interesting because she provided a lot of insights into the war as it was taking place a bit in its first year and a lot of things that happened. She described a lot of the problems the union was facing the union had pro-slavery influences in the Army and she was concerned about things President Lincoln was doing and she discussed this in this vision these were these three visions were published the first three visions were published in testimonies. Number seven. Ellen White her testimonies that we have in the nine volumes of the testimonies. Those were released originally as individual testimony testimony one testimony two. Well this. Particular testimony number seven contained all three of these visions. It was later put into testimonies volume one and then her fourth and final vision took place in November five eight hundred sixty two about a Creek Michigan. It was entitled The rebellion and this was about in the middle of the civil war. This was her last and final vision historians puzzle. Why. Ellen why didn't give a vision or have a vision. Later in the war. That's an issue I discussed in the book that I won't get into now but it's very interesting in this last vision dealt with it was that I should say it was published in January of one thousand nine hundred sixty three and it dealt with some very interesting features such as spiritualism. She said that the Union generals officers were seeking spirits seeking mediums for guidance and battles. I have an entire chapter devoted to that subject in my book. I'm not discussing that this afternoon and also she dealt with the first draft in the United States. This took place during the Civil War at the NIST were pulling their hair out wondering how. Are we going to handle this draft were noncombatants we don't want to engage in this war and the white provided counsel for them and I also have an entire chapter devoted to that subject as well in the forthcoming book but these are her four visions I'm going to focus this afternoon. Mainly on the contents of her first vision and some of the elements in her second vision. Oh and by the way the final vision was also put in testimonies Volume one so all available white civil war visions are in testimonies volume one. Let me set up the background for you. The issue that really divided the nation was slavery historians debate. What was the real cause of the Civil War and mainline historians today. Pretty much acknowledge that slavery was at the foundation of the Civil War there were other factors involved. Of course economical factors but at the heart of it was slavery if you look at the way the North and the South developed in from the Revolutionary days in the stablish one of America it divided into the north and the south and America in beginning had slaves but the North took a different trajectory they became more and of economy based on free labor and so they eventually did away with slavery there were bits and pieces of it here and there. And unfortunately the North remained racist. They always believed that blacks were inferior and that brought on some of the whites great condemnations on the north as well as the South but they basically went a different trajectory than the South did. So the North based its economy on free labor but the South based its economy on slave labor the South became a slave. Social slave state itself. The whole focus was on slavery it was a part of their social fabric. And it became the heart of the South and the north went to different trajectory. And so the big issue in the years prior to the Civil War really the about forty years the Civil War was building for about forty years. You go all the way back to the compromise of eight hundred twenty. If you look at the history the way America developed you had free states and slave states when a new state would be added the South would say was going to be a slave state the Norse there was going to be a free state and they would compromise that by the time to get eight eight hundred twenty you had eleven Free States and eleven slave states and that meant equal representation in the House and the Senate sea and the south always wanted to make sure that they had equal vote voting power and so that was an issue of conflict. So the conflict was at the heart of the capital and the compromise of eight hundred twenty. I will get all the details but it had to do with a new state entering the union and the fight was is going to be a slave state a free state and they had another slave state in her and so they had fourteen states equal half of it. Slave half of it free. Well that continued they developed a compromise of eight hundred twenty but the slave issue continued to fester fester over the years. It really resurrected again in the war with Mexico and this became the heart of what would evolve into the civil war the war with Mexico in the last two years of the decade of the hundred forty S. forty six to forty eight had to do with acquiring the western territories from Mexico. Of course the United States won the war with Mexico and they acquired all those Western territories that we know as California and Oregon today but they were NOT States at that time of just all this territory that now belong to the United States and so the big issue was the North said we're going to make three states out there. The South said We want them to be slave states. So the issue. Power emerged again. And by the time you get into the decade the eight hundred fifty S. they were fighting with one another and they wanted to you know they were slave states Free States and then they developed or they they solved things temporarily with the compromise of eight hundred fifty. Now please note these are called compromises the compromise of eighteen twenty the compromise of eight hundred fifty the north compromise with the South and slavery and what they did in the fight was over California and they gave California as a free state to the north and there were a number of actions passed but the most significant one is the compromise to the south was tightened up the fugitive slave law. You know what the Fugitive Slave Law was that was the marshals had a right from the south to go into the north and go after escape slaves slaves have been trickling to the north over the years through the you know what it was called the Underground Railroad stops along the way were slaves could find aid and help and make it into free territory and so tightening up that fugitive slave law really upset northerners because part of it said that if you if a Marshall was coming from the south and he was going after slave. You don't matter who you are you're a free northern citizen and you're sitting by the wayside and the marshal comes up to even says you're part of my posse help me you were by law about to become a part of that posse and help him track down that runaway slave and bring the slave back to the slave master in the south and northerners were outraged at this this this elicited a comment from Ellen White where she said this is recorded testimony she says we are not to will pay this fugitive slave law. So it's very interesting. I'm not going to get into that that's all in my book and over the eight hundred fifty S. Things escalated the hoss. Still the between the north and the South became worse and there was an interesting book that was written the most popular book and the best selling book in American history by a woman with the name of Harriet Beecher stone she published Uncle Tom's Cabin and it was about a slave family it was a very moving story and it brought Northerners to tears Southerners hated it because it. They felt it exposed their slavery that in-fill it was fair and that caused the hatred to go deeper on both sides. So by the time you get to the fifty's things that escalated to the point where they were ready to fight one another and one of that happened at the end of the decade John Browning to by the ever heard of John Brown in American history. He was an abolitionist I haven't said anything about abolitionists I have an entire chapter in my book about abolitionists and where and when white fits with the abolitionists but John Brown was more of the violent trend of or a violent section of abolitionists he believed that the only way to do it was slavery was by bloodshed and so it took a group of of men and blacks down in the part of Virginia at Harpers Ferry and he wanted to take the armory get weapons to go deeper south and create a slave insurrection and overcome slavery that way and he was taken prisoner by a group of Marines led by none other than Robert E. Lee who would of course become the great general of the Confederacy and Brown was hung some of his men were killed put in jail he was put in jail when he was put to death in December of that. Eighteen forty nine believe you get my dates for it was at the end of the decade. And he was put to death and all the north. Celebrated his death. They thought it was a horrible thing. And when the south saw all the North celebrating John Brown. They thought they were all against us. They're all against us and then the breaking point was the election the election of eighteen sixty percent for damage fifty nine of the IT WAS STILL simmer fifty nine for John Brown eight hundred sixty the election of eight hundred sixty Abraham Lincoln won that election. He was a Republican the new Republican Party was against slavery in the territories Lincoln said I will leave slavery alone in the south but we will not allow any more slave states in the West and the South took that as a threat. He said I'm not I'm going to leave slavery alone where you guys are but they didn't like that they thought if he wins that will be the end of our way of life and so Lincoln won and that many historians believe was one of the key triggers that led to the civil war in the light of all that history of the compromise of eight hundred twenty eight hundred fifty all the events that happened and a lot of things happened during the decade of the eight hundred fifty S. Now Seventh Day Adventist they actually want civil They haven't as yet they would become Seventh Day Adventists during the war years but the Sabbath Tarion administers they were known they were very alert to everything that was going on. If you read the review and Herald which is online and everybody can access it. You read articles about against slavery. They were as they responded to every major political event that took place during this time. So administering very alert very in tune with what was happening around them. So that's the historical context of the forty years leading up to the war in a nutshell I have a couple of chapters in my book that go into a lot of detail on this now Lincoln was elected South Carolina took This is an open threat to their way of life they were the first slaves state to act. And so within weeks after the election they seceded from the union. That's the context in which Ellen White had her first vision of the Civil War took place in January twelfth eight hundred sixty one at Parkville Michigan the little church in Parkville Michigan it was a cold winter morning. All the leaders of the the civil the administers were there to dedicate this little church and as James shared a message and others led out in the program. L M I got up to speak and she went into vision. She had a vision on a number of things but one of them was about a terrible war and here's what she said saw there is not a person in this house who is every even dreamed of the trouble that is coming up on this land people are making sport of the session of secession ordinance of South Carolina. But I have just been shown that a large number of states are going to join that state and there will be a most terrible war in this vision I have seen large armies of both sides gathered on the field of battle. I heard the booming of the cannon and saw the dead and dying on every hand that when many people in the audience heard that there were Republicans there Michigan was a Republican stronghold and the Republicans thought this foolish action of South Carolina. It's not going to become of anything. In fact South Carolina had been fussing and complaining for years and they had developed a deaf ear to it and so they thought nothing would come of it so J. and left borough. Who was in the audience he wrote down his diary what happened. Published in the book years later he tells us that a number of the key Republican leadership their heads like a terrible war. There's not going to be a terrible war. And most of the audience it was just beyond their comprehension that there could be a terrible war between the states. And and large armies and bloodshed booming of the cannon. Nobody believed it at the time she went on to say then I saw them rushing up and gauged in hand to hand combat and love to who wrote recorded this vision. This is not of the Pineville and why it's from J. and luck borough I give all the background of this vision in my in my book he put in brackets bayoneting one another. So the reader could understand there was some band aid in the civil war although that didn't happen very often. Then I saw the field after battle all covered with the dead and dying then I was carried to prisons and saw the suffering of those in want who were wasting away then I was taken to the homes of those who had lost husbands sons or brothers in the war. I saw their distress and anguish then looking slowly around the house she said there are those in this house who will lose sons in that war and of course these men shook their heads looked for a went back to this church a year later he held a seminar in spiritual gifts and by that time the war was underway. And he talked with several men in the audience who were in tears and they had lost sons in the war and in my book I for years we've tried to find documentation of these individuals. I've documented one family on this still working on the others. So what's interesting to students of the Civil War January twelve was to the day three months before the Civil War began with the shell of the Fort Sumpter on April twelfth one thousand nine hundred one. So let's look at the historical events those who first heard this vision. They had to be amazed and surprised as they watched events unfold quickly in the weeks following this vision. Well South Carolina had already seceded and December twenty eight hundred sixty they considered this the break up of the union of the United States the four Americans at the. Point the union of the states was everything and they broke that union by seceding from it and it was a unanimous vote. There was cheering and clapping and there were there were fireworks displayed for the rest of the day everybody cheered late into the night. Looking back on that from our historical perspective if only they knew the horror and the death that they would experience in a few short years with the war. Within weeks of Carolina secession six other lower south south states left the union you had Mississippi on January ninth and Florida and January ten and Alabama on January eleventh I'm an Alabamian a good old Alabama redneck I grew up in Alabama. So that's my home state. If you look at the session documents. Why this is seeded from the union and this is something I discussed in the book because there is some debate that some historians will say that slavery was really not the main cause of the civil war. But if you look at the secession documents particularly Mississippi Alabama. They all Mich and specifically they were seceding from the union states' rights were yes states' rights was a part of it but their states' rights were their rights to own slaves and slavery in those primary documents they Michonne they seceded because they wanted to protect slavery. That's in the original documents the primary sources. So you'll notice this is before January twelfth now may have not had information about the secession of Mississippi Florida Alabama they didn't have the internet in those days and news didn't travel that fast. She may or may not have known about them but she only mention South Carolina in her vision and of course on January twelfth the next day she had her vision so she probably wasn't aware that just in the couple of days prior to this vision that these other states has a ceded. But she said there will be. A number a large number of states a seed. So already we have four states seceding from the union. Now after the vision of January twelfth Georgia seceded on January nineteenth Louisiana January twenty sixth Texas February once about February when you had seven states that it's a seated from the union that was a far cry from what would become the Confederacy the full Confederacy. As you will see. So things looked pretty grim. While the people didn't expect this they still are there still wasn't a war yet but this is session meant the union was breaking up and people who heard Ellen White on that day in the little Parkville Michigan church I'm sure they were watching these events with interest probably as closely as Americans today are watching the election right now. What a crazy election it is it's interesting isn't it. And we're watching it and that's what they were doing here to see the outcome of these things where is this going. They didn't know where the Southern people were going Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated in March for in his inauguration speech he again promised to leave slavery alone in the self. It just would not spread into the West and that still intensified the hostility in the south against the northerners they hated northerners and many northerners hated the south as well. February fourth of March eleven those seven states came together and they called it a second revolution from the first revolution that created the United States they called it a second revolution. And they created the Confederacy and they established their Confederate Constitution interesting story coverage a little detail in my book which I won't now. But they basically took the American original Constitution of the United States and use that as a blueprint for their constitution and they pretty much copied from it but they changed. A few things. There were some small changes. But heavyweight changes. One of those changes was that they made sure that slavery would never be abolished in the Confederacy. That is a big change in the Confederate Constitution and the United States Constitution. Now the United States Constitution didn't mention slavery explicitly but it was embedded in the background that would not be changed into the thirteenth Amendment. When they have eradicated slavery from the Constitution and that would only happen with a constitutional change but the Confederate Constitution spelled slavery out explicitly and then within weeks after this. The Confederate vice president Alexander Stephens gave a famous speech in Georgia. It's called the cornerstone speech he said after the establishment of the Confederacy in its constitution this new nation is our cornerstone is that the black man is inferior to the white and slavery is the foundation fabric of our nation. So you couple all that together slavery played a major role here and it was spelled out in the Confederate Constitution but let me point out right now the seven state Confederacy had no power to wage a strong war against the United States those seven states in the Deep South. They did not have the power or the wealth to wage a strong war. Now there were upper slave states that had not succeeded and when the Confederacy was. Stablish in itself Virginia and our own state Tennessee. They had not succeeded yet they were waiting to see what was going to happen and thought they decided they would not succeed and become a part of the Confederacy and so the the new Confederacy was disappointed because Virginia had all the wealth. It had all the mules the. You need for war. It had some of the future generals that would be major leaders in the war. Robert E. Lee's Stonewall Jackson they all came from Virginia and so it's like things came to a sudden halt and so people who saw her daily winds visions probably scratch their heads. Well how's it going to be fulfilled. Now it doesn't look like there's going to be a terrible war because those that Confederacy right now is not strong enough to wage a terrible war against us we could beat them easy. And that's a fact. Well then things escalated because a federal territory in the southern states and one of them was the fort. At Fort Sumpter Sumpter in the Bay of South Carolina Charleston South Carolina and it escalated and till they anyway I would get all the detail I cover that in the book how it led up to this but the shelling of Fort Sumpter. Interestingly nobody was killed but this was the official beginning of the war when the Confederate shelled. This of course was in southern territory but the union own the fort. They had possession of the fort and the Southern The South Carolina wanted that fort and so it escalated finally into the shelling of the fort and that's when they surrendered it to the Confederacy and that's when the war was on. But here's where things really kicked into high gear April fifteenth several days after the shell in Fort Sumter. Lincoln called for seventy five thousand volunteers. Now those upper slave states were still in the union. So he was asking them to join the Army and go against the South. But these upper slave States said wait a minute Virginia Tennessee and others. We're not going to go and fight our brothers in the south. How dare you tell us to go wage war against our brothers and that began this second way. Of secession in the show you how it works here. Here the seven state Confederacy. All right. And here are the these upper slave states here the the aqua colored states those would never join either the Confederacy or the union they were considered the border states that Lincoln wrestled for so much during the Civil War won't get into that but here's the guys with the power particularly as I said Virginia contained all the wealth. It had more of the mules to wage war than one thousand century. You had to have mules to pull the artillery and so forth and they had as I said all the leading generals there and all the wealth and when they the states finally started to seed in after Lincoln's call for volunteers and they join the Confederacy and so you had seven eight nine ten eleven. Now you had any leaven state Confederacy. That was powerful and could wage a terrible war against the United States now for the first time the Confederacy was a major threat to the United States. So the stage was set for a terrible war. So the North both sides actually expected it would be a short war the north expected especially a B. a short war the New York Times already dogmatize after Lincoln's call for seventy five thousand troops whatever war there is may be easily may easily be made a war at sea a war a blockades a war having forts so object the protection of American property and preservation of American commerce a May for Harper. Harper's Weekly it's a very popular magazine during this era editorially concluded that if Abraham Lincoln is equal to the position he feels this war will be over by January eighteenth sixty two. So everybody expected a short war war with a in store for a surprise. Yes there have been a few skirmishes up to this point but when you come to July of eight hundred sixty one both sides gather to gather around. The city had been asked this for genius for a huge battle and each side thought they would beat the other side and the war would be over. That's not what happened. This was the battle of first bull run it changed everything. It was a bloody war the bloodiest war that the United States had ever experienced it was a major bloodletting. It shocked. Both the north and the south and they realized after this battle. This is going to be a long hard war. Now I want to shift gears and focus on this battle because it is that this battle where Ellen White saw an angel to send and change the course of the battle that's one of the most famous aspects of her civil war visions she saw an angel to sin and change the outcome of a battle and that was the first battle of Manassas So let's look at the vision itself when we give you the. Context for it. Two days after the Battle of Bull Run or masses James in a white left Michigan on a tour and reach Roosevelt New York were in August three she experienced a vision and let me tell you all get into some details of the battle in a moment but this was a loss for the union. So all the union was really with this loss. They were embarrassed humiliated and all northerners were like the weather hands up. Oh no including advantage to you should know that. Our pioneers the admin It's were all loyal to the north they were against the rebellion in the south and they won of the North to when so they were very in tune with this war they didn't want to get in Gage and fight themselves but they wanted to support the union war effort and they wanted soldiers to become a part of the war effort and go defeat the south and so in fact in one of the whites letters. James was at the dentist of that day getting his tooth teeth. A tooth. Getting a tooth pulled. I should say. And now she describes him waiting for James. At the dentist office and I had been reading the war news that was the war news about the battle of First Bull Run that she had a vision about so and one might read a lot of the news about the war her insights gave courage to these church members about this the bill stability of the Union and its armies the vision was timely because the admonition quite fully in the common despair of the North as I pointed out a moment ago this was first printed in the review August twenty seventh one thousand nine hundred sixty one and later published in testimonies volume one. So we have it documented this vision forecasted some things about the war and it is printed in the review and Herald August twenty seventh. That's important because people who see will maybe she said these things after the events already happened. No she said it before there happened because we have that in print in the view of Harold Here is the vision as she wrote it out and published it. I had a view of the late disastrous battle at Manassas Virginia. It was most of most exciting most thrilling distressing scene the Southern army had everything in their favor and were prepared for a dreadful contest the Northern army was moving on with try up not doubting but that they would be victorious. Many were reckless and marched forward boastingly as though victory were already there. As they neared the battlefield. Many were almost fainting through weariness and want of refreshment they did not expect so fierce an encounter they rushed in the battle and fought bravely and desperately. Now I have an entire chapter probably one of the biggest chapters of my book devoted to this battle and I cover each of these sentences like a commentary and give you until show how accurate she was and what was really happening with the soldiers of course and I'll have time to get into that now you can read the book Pacific press at the A.B.C. the spring next spring. She went on the dead and died where. Every side both the north in the south suffered severely the Southern men felt the battle and in a little would have been driven back still further the other men were rushing on although the destruction was very great. Just then an angel descended and waved his hand backward. There's the angelic event instantly she said there was confusion in their ranks. It appeared to the Northern men that their armies were retreating when it was not in reality so and a precipitous retreat commenced it seemed wonderful to me you can censor her all at sea in this event. Now of course the soldiers they didn't see the angel this is just something she saw. But what it's we can do is researchers what I've done as a researcher is go back to the historical accounts of the battle the officers record of the battle. And the news reports of the battle. And it's very clear they all report a sudden retreat of the Union Army. When did this happen in the battle that's what we have to go back and look at the battle. I'll touch some of the highlights for you. So let me give you the background to the battle of the Confederacy a transferred its seat of government from a government that's where the Confederacy was established in the government Alabama. They moved to Richmond Virginia in order. Regina joined the Confederacy because Virginia had all the wealth and so to move the capital of of the Confederacy to Virginia. So it was Washington versus Richmond during the Civil War both sides sought to mobilize men and resources and plot military strategies the North had to mount an active campaign to force the Confederate States back into the Union. Eventually that meant that the North had to invade the Confederacy and that's what caused so much bloodshed it was. That's You've heard that the civil wars fought in their back yards and front yards of Americans literally that was true and that happened at this first battle the Confederacy had the easier task. Shattering the North's move to see the Confederacy they just had to wait and protect their territory but the north. They're the ones that had to actively invade them. And so the Confederacy couldn't bed themselves and wait for them to come and that made it very challenging for the North. It was such a huge territory as well. But to get to. The Richmond you had to come through a certain place any army had to come to a certain place around masses for genius Winfield Scott who was the general in chief at the time at the beginning of the war devised a carefully executed strategy that would take several years invading the South Winfield Scott was the only one that captured the concept of a long and lengthy war. He didn't have a vision like Ellen White about it but he realized her teaching glee. If we're going to defeat them. It's going to take a long time we've got to go and take the whole Mississippi River and we've got to come and make blockades around the coast and then we've got to invade the heartland he envisioned a long hard bloody war very similar to what Ellen White had described Lincoln was under pressure to make it a quick and decisive blow when in the war of course everybody one of the war to be over soon. Monastics junction had attracted the attention of military strategists in both the north and the Self in fact to get to Richmond you had to come through masses. So the Confederates they're going to go hard Manassas Lincoln. Thus in his forces under the leadership of leadership of Jim Irvin McDowell with thirty five thousand men to masses backed up with Robert Patterson's eighteen thousand men the Confederates had gust of T.-Bo regarded Joseph Johnston head in the forces the two leading generals for the Confederacy. But were guard was the key one. Now here is a map of the battlefield. Now what's interesting is the north they describe their battles by geographical into t's in this case they called this was the Battle of Bull Run. Because it was fought by the creek of Bull Run the Confederates named their battles by the closest city. So for the Confederates it was called the battle of Manassas interest in the Elena white called at the battle of Manassas and historians if found through research that while it is generally true that they had the different names the north and the South for their battles. They were also. Exchangeable they would exchange their names as well. And so you will find some southerners calling this battle by Bull Run So Ellen White evidently that was not an issue for her she described it as the Battle of the Nasa's it was fought in three stages here. Looking at my time I love these battles and I may. And if I don't discipline myself I get carried away and spend the rest the afternoon on this one battle but I want to I want to give you a broad overview of all the battles here in a moment. Based on a projection on the white made but let me just summarize it here. So what happened. You have. Meg Dow the Union general brought his union forces around Centerville the Confederates Nessie Richmond is down here. They had to come through here to get to Richmond. So the Confederates had placed all their forces to different Fords or crossings along bull run. So they're all here. So McDowell sed strategize that he's going to send several true several divisions here as a demonstration Well he's going to fake see a lot of fakes world part of the military strategy back instead of direct confrontation. So he said another group back here to connect and suddenly forward and Frank them for I came maneuvers were key in battles instead of going head on you flank them on the left or the right and if you could turn them in get behind them then you come in and you could defeat them. So make DA wanted to flank the. Confederate forces here flank them on their left see but interested in a Beauregard received intelligence that the union. Forces were coming this way so he thought he would flank them at their left and if things had gone according to plan. They both would have fled to each other on the left and they would have danced in circles like a ballerina to the sounds of cannon fire but that didn't happen because McDowell sent his forces off from here at two A.M. in the morning when I want says they were exhausted when they got into battle. She was right. These guys have been going through all this brush here all night long. So most of the hadn't slept at all and he would you sleep on the eve of the first battle. If you were going to be on the front line. Probably not. And so they left at two am The Confederates have been invented here and what happened. Things went wrong. They were. Their timing was off and the demonstration didn't go well and the fly came in over here was discovered by some of the confederates and so they shifted their forces over here. So here's what happened about nine A.M. that morning. They met in battle. There are three heels now the first here was called Matthews heel. So they met in battle right here. Then later that afternoon the battle shifted to Hillary heel right here and then after four in the afternoon the battle ended right here and all the union troops had left the field and they ran all the way back to Washington that night with their tail tucked between their legs. It was a major loss. So let's go back and look at what happened. So they battled on this first first battle in the face of the battle in the morning till about noon make Dal that the union general drove the Confederates back and they all fleet across in retail back here. Now during that time the union didn't realize it but you see the railroad here for the very first time in his. About ALS They transported troops from the Shenandoah Valley up here. So the Confederates had reinforcements the union didn't know that when the Dow ran the troops off the field. He went red road up and down the lines victory as ours victory is our so he waited several hours the Confederates were. Restocking their troops and they lined up along the ridge here and Henry Hill there is a ridge right here with him. Re house at the top that belonged to the Henry family will spot in their front backyard this battle and so they lined up along here and then the battle shifted here. McDowell for its foolishly waited. That was one of the big problems for Lincoln he had poor generals in the early part of the war and that gal was one of them. He should have if he would have pursued them. He could have taken them into the war right there. But the problem with that is that had it had they won they would have left slavery alone in the south God would not have that that's something else. The White said. And she forecasted the the battles. So finally he took his troops and concentrated them down here along the the road and they he sent troops up in waves attacking the Confederate line that went on throughout the afternoon one o'clock two o'clock three o'clock and they were battling back and forth over cannons and it was a terrible thing. And then suddenly in this battle as the union troops were were moving up as they were coming in lines they dispersed and they retreated and then McDowell sent some other troops up here because you had confederates flanking them here and they sit. Several divisions to meet these. Confederates up on chin. RIDGE It was called were belong to the chin family and they suddenly retreated. So the issue for us is where did this vision take place Where did the will to send it. What phase in the battle did the this in my conclusion is that it took place at Henry Hill. That's where the major retreat commenced so. Let me show you picture. I've been to this battlefield many times there is Henry Hill this picture is taken from right here. I was standing facing that way so. That gives you a sense of what the battlefield looks like today by the way every major battle in the Civil War The battlefield is a state park. Now you can visit all of these battlefields you want to do that Gettysburg is one of the most famous but this is very interesting to me because it's where this element had this vision. I've scoured every inch of this battlefield over the last several years it's. It's fascinating. And we've got some major battles right here in Chattanooga which I'll tell you about later on this afternoon the Hinrich Hill belonged to the family that during the battle shells exploded into the house and Judith Carter Henry was an elderly woman her children took her out to get her away from the home and when they went outside explosions are all around them so they went back in the house they bunker down a shell came in exploded in the upstairs bedroom and it hit or it took her foot often wounded her other parts of her body she died later that afternoon. Her son ran outside cling to the grass and shouted They've killed or they've killed or They've killed my mother he was taken of course is that he blamed he was a Confederate or the south. So he blamed that of course on the union but Judith Henry part of Hillary Carter Hillary is the first. Casualty civilian casualty of the Civil War And here is that of the House has been restored today by the park. He. There is the heel. This is where I believe the end. Jelinek intervention took place right in this area as Union troops were were charging and you had the Confederates lined on this ridge. It's actually a little steeper would you when you're actually there but that's where I believe it took place the. Park headquarters is over here. Also another of it took place at this battle which is was well known. Stonewall Jackson Thomas Jackson the most famous Confederate general. Anybody know about Stonewall Jackson about the story. OK Great great story there. Not sure exactly when this took place. Some say it was director that the first phase of the battle Matthews Hill some say it was later in the battle. Phase of the battle and Henry Hill but Officer Bernard B. one point he saw Jackson standing with is on his horse with a line of his soldiers up on the ridge and he pointed to the bridge unions. Jackson was from Virginia. So this is the bridge his route for Jinyan unit regiment and he yelled to his men there stands Jackson like a stone wall rallied to the Virginians and so that's where he got the name Stonewall Jackson if you go to the park today. You can find a statue with Jackson on his famous little horse Jackson was a big man his horse was small. You see his legs dangling over the side of the horse very interesting. So here is a picture of the battlefield A from the that you get when you go to the park the pamphlet that they give you. I put this on the screen and here's the basic narrative from the historians of the park is about four in the afternoon. This is when the battle began to end you have the Confederate lines that are spoken of here. Jackson's. Division all lined up here and they were continue receiving reinforcements and you had the union down at the bottom here and. About four in the afternoon. Sherman who had become famous later in the in the Civil War was one of the the generals at this point any sit several of his regiments up in lines and according to the narrative at that point the Confederates launched a massive wave against the union and it scared them they used the Confederate or that the rebel yell as they called it. You've heard of the rebel yell that started here at the battle first one. Acis I actually believe the rebel yell started at some of the earlier charges not this charge but I've actually heard the rebel yell. I saw a google video of it was filmed back in the early twentieth century where you had some of the elderly Confederate soldiers and they remember the Confederate The Rebel Yell and they gave an example of the Rebel Yell and we want to hear it like this I magine ten thousand men at the same time yelling like that. Thousands of men screaming like that the union said when the they first heard it it made the hair on their many soldiers said it made the hair on their necks stand up. It scared them later on that the Union developed their own. As they were charging the battle they did it differently they was. I magine thousands of men charging all who lose. Like that so very interesting these these aspects of the West white people just are in love with the civil war. That's why I fall in love with it. It is so fascinating. So these union regiments were charging and they suddenly turned and retreated as the Confederates charged against them. Now as I've studied all the details of the battle all the union. Or Union as well as Confederate officer records and they all there's a huge set of volumes that disk. One volume is devoted to this and I've been through it and read all the testimonies of the officers they they were to give their written reports. This is the dominant narrative that you will hear when you talk to the historians there but there are all a number of testimonies that give other stories and there's a consensus of testimony that does fit the narrative suggested by Allen White in what he saw in vision and that of course is the result of the angel coming down and suddenly scary the troops back now I have a lot of testimony that's in the chapter in the book and I want to give you the testimony of one Confederate colonel who was up on the top of chin Ridge and he saw the sudden retreat of the Union lines and let him describe it. He didn't see the angel but he saw the results of that was Debbie Debbie Blackford Colonel Blackford now he was up in this area here that this is his perspective. He was in the kind of the cycle Ramma battle cycle around where he could see everything now these trees were not this is a contemporary picture these trees were not there over one hundred fifty plus years ago when this battle was fought and I have been to this chin ridge and it has a commanding view but you can't see because of the trees so I've been there in the winter and I've climbed the trees where I could see and get a sense of what he saw and it and there are little if you go to certain angles. You can see through the trees and you can see part at least part of what Blackbird must have seen and yet as I looked at certain angles. Without those trees you can see everything that was happening on this battlefield and here's what he said he wrote this down years later he said it was now about four o'clock in the battle rage with an baited fury the lines of blue were unbroken and their fire. Or is vigorous as ever. While they surged against the solid walls of great standing a movable in their front but now the most extraordinary spectacle I have ever witnessed took place. I had been gazing at the numerous well formed lines as they moved forward to the attack some fifteen or twenty thousand strong in view and that was a he overestimated how many there was actually the more than about maybe twelve thousand on the battlefield but it looked like that needed to him and for some reason had turned my head in another direction for a moment when someone exclaimed pointing to the battlefield. Look look. I looked and what a change had taken place in an instant where those well dressed well defined lines with clear spaces between had been steadily pressing forward. The whole field was can a confused swarm of men like B S running away as fast as their legs could carry them with all order organized organization abandon in a moment more the whole valley was filled with them as far as the eye could reach and that's what and once this happened you have all the all the testimony is Universal was the retreat began the officers could not control them they just they were in mass confusion and they ran off the field and then the same thing happened when they the other. Union regiments went on chin ridge they just suddenly broke up and they had lost the morale because the retreat already started and within thirty minutes. McDowell's entire army was retreating and they didn't stop they ran back to Washington. That's the whole story of that retreat back to Washington that night. Thus the panic which touched off the retreat to the Potomac was accounted for by white but graphically detailed by Blackford she spied the backward wave of the angelic hand he since the electric effect of it she proceeded to read into the disaster salvation from greater destruction. He soon. Felt bitterly disappointed because the Confederate leaders failed to exploit their victory. That's Lee use the who did the first major study of this. Battle of the the civil war. Now when white in his master's thesis of course expanded it quite significantly in my study but his was a good study that pulled a lot from it. So what I believe happened here. The Confederate line were waiting. They were watching as the union troops are coming. They were ready for them to clash and suddenly they they were dispersed in fact I read a lot of Confederate testimonies they said how did this happen. Why did they retreat that it was so surprising to them it was like there is no reason for them to retreat and what made this interesting statement. She said if if they had broken through if they'd continued without retreating and broken through this confederate line something terrible would have happened. See they didn't realize it but there were major Confederate reinforcements the division the visions of L.Z. and early they were plenty to flake from behind the Union army here and that would have been disastrous if they'd hit them from behind. If they had broken through this line if the angel had intervened they would have broken through this line and they would probably be back the Confederates because they were at the point where that was about to happen. But while they were fighting right here they would have been flank. From behind and they would have been decimated the Union Army would have been decimated. Which means the Confederates could have won the war possibly Here's what she said and in this battle had the north of the army push the battle still further in their fainting exhausted condition a far greater struggle and destruction awaited them. Which would have caused great Try up in the south. Now this never miss did not happen. You don't find the city the. Civil War history books about this battle because it never happened but if you read the Confederate plan and strategy for this battle Beauregard planned specifically for this to happen but it never materialized. Because they got away. In fact a number of them said this was the greatest escape ever in the history about warfare that they retreated from the field because they knew they were they were going to hit them from behind. So what happened. These. Soldiers here clashed with Howard and ran him off the field that's the third phase of the battle so that they hit here instead of. Flanking them from behind but L.-Y. foresaw this. In fact I read this in the book Beauregard did say if they had pursued if they had not left the field in retreat. They would have been totally destroyed because he had planned that flanking maneuver. But it didn't happen. Here's what she said God would not permit this and sent an angel to interfere the sudden falling back of the Northern troops was a mystery to all you read the newspapers nobody could figure out what one in the north was like what happened to our soldiers. Why would they were treated. Today we would say something like wimps. But back then they were like what happened to them. The sun falling back of the Northern troops was a mystery at all they knew not that God's hand was in the matter. So unlike gives a theological interpretation of this battle that's a basic thesis in my book is that she gives a major feel logical interpretation of the civil war that is valid and fit the events of the war after describing the angel. Here's what she said and this folks. This I believe is the most significant statement in all of her civil war writings. Then it was explained that God had. This nation in his own hand and would not suffer victories to be gained faster than he or Dane and would permit no more losses to the Northern men that in his wisdom. He saw fit to punish them for their sins. There is a forecast. But before I talk about that after the break. God had this nation in his hand. That is the heart of her statements this greatest crisis of the Union. She said God has this nation in his hand. That was good news to those at the NIST in light of this great loss because they thought What's going to happen is the South going to win. Are they going to come up and invade us. God has this nation in his hands and there's an interest in you wants to that God had this when we say God has the world in his hands we think he's going to preserve it. He's going to protect it. God has this nation in his hands. Well the preserving aspect of that was true he would preserve this nation in fact he did this nation is the greatest nation on the earth today because it survived the Civil War But there's another nuance to that having the nation in his hands also meant that he would punish the nation. He would punish him for it since in the same chapter I haven't got to the statement yet but she says God is punishing the north for compromising for so long compromising with the South and he's punishing the south for the sin of slavery. So while she said yes he has this nation in his hands he will protect it. He will give it all to make victory in this war but he will also punish it as well so well. Why it said God has this nation in his hands. She said yes he will preserve and protect this nation but he will also punish you. He will correct it for the sin of slavery. And then she went on to say noticed this he would not suffer victories to be gained faster than he would permit no more losses to the Northern man than in his wisdom. He saw fit to punish them for their sins so she indicates here a pattern of the union battles there would be a pattern of wellness and a pattern of losses. Now that's you find that in any war war war war two. You've got patterns of patterns of losses so that's nothing unique or special. But in this case she says it's related this pattern of the you. Would be related to God's punishment on them for the since slavery but in the end he would preserve them. It would give the multum a victory. So she forecast a series of ups and downs in the union battles and I think I'm going to give you a break now. Let's take a five minute break and then come back those who want to. This is not a class and you don't have to come back. But if you want to and then I'm going to show you the whole picture of the civil war. I'm going to cover all the major battles going as much detail as we did the last one and show you how this pattern fit and I'm also going to trace the history of Lincoln's And that's a patient proclamation and how the war changed from a war to save the union only to a war to end slavery for that momentum that's what gave early part of the this media was brought to you by audio a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio or if you would like to listen to more sermons leave a Visit W W W audio or.

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