Favorite Sermon Add to Playlist
Photo of Whitmar McConnell

Soil: Environmental Influences

Whitmar McConnell

Description

This class looks at the other half of every growing system, the weather and external influences. 

Presenter

Whitmar McConnell

Owns and operates Golden Moment Farm in Means, KY

Sponsor

Recorded

  • January 27, 2017
    10:45 AM
Logo of Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 (US)

Copyright ©2017 AudioVerse.

Free sharing permitted under the Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 3.0 (US) license.

The ideas in this recording are those of its contributors and may not necessarily reflect the views of AudioVerse.

SPONSORED

Audio Downloads

This transcript may be automatically generated

Father in Heaven with thankful. Again for this beautiful day we're thankful for the reality that you desire that we have life and we have it more abundantly. We just asked if you would help us to understand how to have that jesus name in that. OK We're going to come to shoot through environmental influences here have just left once live on here. So that we can get to biology and so biology. Somebody asked me when I was coming in. How I came to be what doing what to do and so maybe I'll just give you a little quick rundown of that I I was exposed to the administration when I was twenty five years old and the thing that blew me away when I was the health message. You know I had been asking questions like I grew up in the Church of Christ. I've been asking questions about why do they. Why do the Jews worship on Sabbath and Christians worship on Sunday and why is Easter not fall on Passover and I knew enough about some things and. Ended. What about this eternal torment that just didn't sit well with me with. With a loving God It just it just I was these questions were you know the Holy Spirit is put in these thoughts in your mind and everything like that. I was at the dentist. Having some work done on my teeth in there was a card there for and Bible stories you know Cole Porter. Stuff and I sent that in any way to speed the process along I got a spare prostate books the Bible stories I got the health books I got everything and. But I was especially blown away by the health message and I mean this the spiritual message was it was pretty profound too and it answered a lot of those questions for me. So I decided that and I didn't know why this stuff wasn't taught in public school I said Somebody ought to be teaching this stuff course. I was a little naive at that point. And that reality of things and so anyway I went back. College I was going to studying go to go into medicine and. Do any Ph D. so I could do public health and educate people and everything. So I went back to school and I took a I grew up around agriculture so I was familiar with it. We spent on our summers my brother spent summers on one family's farm or relatives farm or another somewhere. So I know how bad it honestly was and I really wasn't interested in I want to it's going to do something else but so that this kind of thing wasn't on my mind anyway I went back to school and started studying you noted doing all the Finish up undergraduate stuff so I could apply to medical school. Of course I'm twenty seven years old now and it's a little late to start that process but. Better figure was late and better late than never. And I took an agriculture class organic gardening class while I was there was the last act culture class taught last year University Farm closed down that year. But the way the man taught the class it just it just impressed or something. I mean it just did something to me. And I started to think well maybe there is a better way to do this and. But anyway I was still in the process of planning on going to medical school and got just a priest pressed me very strongly. I want you to be a farmer not a doctor. And I said no thank you. Yeah but that that kept being impressed upon me and I. And the clincher was I was planning on doing a Ph D. in public health and so that year they shut down the public health program the Ph D. Public Health Program at Loma Linda and I took that as a final OK when I get it. So I figured well. I went home and I was going to a look at a school to go back to study. So science agronomy and God just made it very clear to me. No I will teach you. I don't want you going back and doing it I will teach you. And I said OK we'll start teaching because I didn't know I was around for agriculture but like people in agriculture farm but that doesn't mean I know anything about soil and. And that type of thing. Anyway. I went wild when I studied natural therapies there and see what might come out of that very thing and then after I got done there I met my wife there and we got married and I got a year later and we moved to a place that was about halfway between my parents and her parents far enough to have your own space close enough to be able to visit. Then after doing that for about a year we decided we really wanted to do something new in the to work with the mission of the church and everything and. I'll skip some of the steps that happened but I went up that ID out of the valley. After a few other stopovers and a man who knew. Stephen Joel Meyer that they had been acquainted with Neil Kinsey and they had invited him to do a basic training course it in Valley there this is before he became so popular that he could do any more. We actually got him twice and then after the book came out it was impossible. Again to do any more of it. I was sitting. I remember sitting in that class listening to him talk and very distinctly God said this is what I want you to learn. And so twenty five years later. That's where I am because I didn't know I didn't know I was reading about stuff and everything like that. I know about you know the main things about agriculture but I didn't know the science. Of growing things. And most people don't. And so that's kind of the short version of it. There's more details to know everything and so that's where I where I am. I'm I believe God led me the right direction and gave me the right foundation and I hope that you'll use somewhat agree of. If what I'm saying makes any sense. So. OK we'll go on to that they are environmental influences here that's the other half of a growing system. You know we live in a world where we don't have control over all the influences that impact our lives we can we can separate ourselves it's to some extent mentally spiritually emotionally even physically distance wise. But God doesn't call us to isolation. That's not a separation is separation is is placing yourself in a position where you're oriented to the truth rather than oriented to error and but you know in spite of the fact you try to separate yourself. You still live in a world. You may not be other if you live in it and those influences are continually impacting you. And much of the time you had little say in what those effects are you just have to try to endure. And so you can avoid this is what I'll say before I start going into any of these is it no matter what these impacts like you can't stop the rain from falling. You can't stop the wind from blowing you're not going to stop the sun from shining your lack of sunshine when you're you've got too much cloud cover. You're not going to stop all those factors like we have here you're not going to stop those from visiting you. And so the real the real way that you deal with these influences which will just touch on your A little a little bit. Is with the soil is the condition of the soil the soil like the character will be what's going to buffer all of these influences and these influences are getting more and more erratic aren't they. They're getting more. More unstable and you need to becoming more stable becoming more anchored because that's what's going to keep you from being blown away by the wind and washed away by the rain. And that's that's how you deal with these difficulties. Now obviously you could build climate modification facilities and we do a lot of that from low tech stuff up to higher tech stuff we know. My inclination is been to move further and further back to very simple means because I realize that people are just not going to have. Are going to be able to afford or are maintain super technical and expensive facilities so. I appreciate seein the high tunnels and the caterpillar tunnels and everything out there that would allow people to buffer some of that influence. But in buffering that influence you sometimes create other problems same time like for example you put something in a greenhouse when it's cold to help keep it warm but then when it gets warm it gets hot in there. And you put it in there or you put it in there to protect it from rain. And then you don't put enough water on. I mean that you know you have the responsibility of making sure. So even the climate modifying practices have to be you have to be mindful about what the impacts of those are too so it still comes back to the soil and making sure that the soil is in it is in optimum condition to deal with it. I think so. So let's look at these weather is one of those influences sunlight and you'll see the sunlight Why would you have to worry about sunlight in Colorado where we were at seven thousand feet elevation in the summertime we got ten thousand foot candles a light plants only need about three to four thousand. GROSS So we were getting almost you know two and a half to three times as much light as we needed and I forgot to put this Spirit of Prophecy quote in there were she talks about you know the. Knowing the requirements of the plant. Protecting you know even from the sun that you remember that I care a camera exactly how it goes. Now it's slipping my mind but being mindful of all of these things. Well in a greenhouse where we were diffusing the light and reducing it a little bit our plants actually grew better than a degree outside we grow berries are very very plants outside and they get four or five feet tall. I had we had issues with water quality we had sodium in our water and some bicarbonate and we had to contend with that but I had I had a yellow raspberry that was an extra plant. And we had had growing in a bag and it got out of the bag the roots got out of the bag it was sitting over on end wall of the green else inside. Most of my berries inside were taller. But they were having stress because of the sodium that was coming in the water bicarbonate. But this one yellow raspberry planted. It got out of the bag into the ground and on the wall of that the greenhouse condensation would come down there on outside the inside to get keep moisture right there but we weren't irrigating it with that water. So it basically getting clean water from for just from the condensation. And that raspberry grew twelve feet tall and the stem the main part of the cane was that big around on the bottom and I'm not kidding we got about five or we got about five or six points or raspberries over that one at one plant. So what it was getting as it was getting the fertility We're putting down. It wasn't being damaged by the influence of a bad spirit as I call it the water quality. And it was getting a reduced level of sunlight to diffuse it diffuses the light the plastic would diffuse the light. And so when you're getting direct rays. You can raise the leaf temperature really high in a hurry. So it's not it really doesn't matter what the air temperature is to the plant it matters if you ever been out. It's a cold day you're out in the sun. And you feel warm anyway. Well that's the way the plant feels it. So it's a it's what the leaf temperature is not what the air temperature is in its laws a leaf is warm. Then it doesn't matter but we have direct radiation it can heat that it can raise the temperature of those leaves up way beyond what they prefer to be a hurry. So when you diffuse it with the plastic then that scatters the white it comes from all different directions and it's it's a lot more better light because you get more light into the canopy. And in that case now in Kentucky where we are now where you get so much cloud cover. You can get so much cloud cover and a lot more gray days and everything. You may know you might have that like well you don't have that luxury. And so you need to be you're better off going outdoors in the full sunlight as much as you possibly can. So we had twenty three thousand square feet of greenhouse Colorado which we sold we changed the style a greenhouse that we're building in Kentucky where the roof completely opens sides. So we can in essence grow outside but we can we can close the top if if I we want to protect it from rain or we're too much solar intensity we can raise sides in and we can put different things together to try to create those favorable conditions that we can with that. I like the caterpillar tunnel out there by the way because you can move that it's very simple very inexpensive. And you can actually pull that plastic away down to the side and allow those place to be growing fully out in full sunlight or you could keep it up on the top kind of like they had it and just pull it up on the sides that kind of protects from rain. If you need to do that. We're putting ours in so we can protect it from rain more than anything. So we can actually go in and prepare a ground and and. And put stuff in and we've had a lot of issues because they've got you know almost record rainfall in Kentucky for two of the last three years and so trying to get anything done and. Having ground prepared planted has been a challenge for us. So that's one of the reasons we're putting in is to protect it from rain not from the sun and also that extend the season. We thought about growing year round and we do actually grow some stuff year round for ourselves but you have to have a break. If any of you farm for any length of time you're It's not a nine to five job. It's a sunup to sundown job. Six days a week. Most of the time when you're when you're going and one of the reasons agriculture is a good lesson book is because when it when the window of opportunity opens you better be ready for it and be able to take advantage of it is not going away for you to say OK I want to just take care of this person I'll be back and you know people are used to a nine to five job where they can turn a light switch on and go to work and turn it off and go home and that's not how that's not how life works in reality for a witnessing to people either. When the window. We call our farm golden moment farm because there's a quote in the spirit of prophecy about if you were to do anything you do it at the cold a moment and that's when the needle moves just enough to give you the indication you need to be ready to move and act and you know timely action is will determine the success of the failure of the whole thing. And so that's why we named it that that way but agriculture teachers do that to be in season out of season and you need to be prepared to deal with the life as it happens not not in a timeframe you'd like it to happen. But anyway. We decided to that it was we needed a break. We need to have time off. We homeschool or kids in one of the reasons we decided to do that. Besides you know the hazards of sending them to a public school was we're often a winner and everybody else is on. And then when they're off in the summer where the busiest business is so we're able to. We wanted to be able to take even a little career and we produce about nine months out of the year so by the time you get everything cleaned up put to bed and you've got about a month and then you're getting everything out and planning and getting everything ready to go again. So you're about year round. Anyway. Where they gave us at least a good month that we could we could have often do family things and. We in Colorado. We were only farming an acre. We're going to do a little bit more here. We're going to we were thinking about five acres because we're going to put berries in everything but our My philosophy is to do things small and do them well you don't need we need that the more space you start taking on the more work. It is and you get to it and we're trying to keep it within our family scale because when you get bigger and bigger and the demand for labor and everything gets higher then you have to look at starting to hire people and honestly after twenty five years. There's just not a lot of people out there that want to work and and the people. If you can find work. If it's you have to find somebody who really interested to do a good job to really in that's themselves and the process and to know you want to know how this is supposed to be done so that they can do a good job for you. So a lot of people when I say a lot of people want to work with a lot of people want to paycheck they just don't want to work for so that's not that's not to say they were not interested in helping people learn that was that would be one of the things we want to do. We're trying to get infrastructure in so we can do that. But we would rather take somebody on and like train them. And study hiring people and trying to work at that scale but like there's more than enough people making huge amounts of money off of an acre and a family should be easily able able to support them. Cells and have surplus left over to use for other means. At a small scale like that that's not to say if somebody is using it doing larger acreage is or whatever you just have to pick what scale you're going to be at because everything every decision you have is going to be dependent on that like what kind of equipment you're going to get in and how you're going to manage it and what kind of crop you're going to grow. You know if it's of labor intensive crop and you start going up to five acres or ten acres something like a labor intensive crop there's no way you can handle it as a family. One of the things we decided to do with berries. You know berries are labor intensive like blueberries and raspberries and picking. One of the things we do to spread it out so you know if you're preparing for a market you've got to go. I mean I've been in a situation. I mean value where we're picking five hundred points or raspberries. To go to a market. And it takes a lot of people to get that done in a short period time but we spread it out what we do is we just freeze the fruit and rather than go to the market and sell ice cream we go to the market sell it like a fruit ice or something like that will take frozen pears which works well with fruit to keep let the fruit express itself but as work OK too. But then you get a lot more stronger and add a flavor with it but you can take it to the market and sell that people are more willing to pay more for prepared stuff than they are for unprepared stuff and so we can spread our labor out over a wider stretch of time and still be able to market that we're also hoping to get a commercial kitchen certified kitchen so that we can preserve some and sell it so that we can sell it over a longer period of time rather than have to try to squeeze it all in and get all that labor but these are the kind of decisions you have to me about you know what's going to be what are you going to grow and what you're going to take to do that in order to do it successfully. OK So would we look at light some of the as it should with light not enough light which we talked. The last touches and I was asking about using sugars too to enhance the energy in a low light levels. You're not going to be photosynthesizing at optimum levels if you have prolonged period low light. That's going to that's going to put more time on your production time. And so you need to be mindful of whatever you can do to maximize like we have broccoli and kale and stuff growing in our hotel right now for us. And we have covers on it. So in the wintertime we have a second floor rope with covers on it to give it an extra layer in the winter time and we can we grow stuff through the winter for us ourselves cool weather stuff we don't try to grow. Summer. You know warm weather stuff like tomatoes and stuff like that we have value weighted the cost of that it would cost so much money to do that and when you get into the shorter time each season. This is another issue with the light is the time of year that you're going to try growing over winter in the daylight that Daylight's gets really short the sun is low in the sky your plants go into this like slow down mode and so you're barely getting you know your. Unless you want and then you have to start spending money on lights and stuff like that you're going to thousands of dollars in heating expenses and operating expense and everything like that. They keep going on thinking it's you know it's time to grow. The problem is they're not getting enough light they're photosynthesize fans to be interesting to read it. So you have to be you know you realize that if you're going to grow on into the fall or winter is your day like this getting shorter that everything's just slowing down is not going to be as productive and so we did the math on it just for the amount of work. It would take if you're a commercial greenhouse and you're growing and supplying commercial customers and everything you need to keep continuity then then that's a different story. Temperature. To warm to cold again you can use climate modification for that. What's problem is when it's too warm and then too cold like in the spring in the fall we have a lot more of this. Up in Kentucky than we did in Colorado. It was either. It was either cold or wasn't and as it worked its way out into the fall or into the spring. Where's here we've had these really warm stretches and then it goes to the really cold stretches and that's really hard on. Plants. Because they're not sure this book supposed to come out of the sat close to start flowing here and then it stops along a step where they start on the SAP it gets cold it damages the tree because the sap freezes. Underneath the the bark or whatever. So you have to take into consideration. And these things are getting more erratic like I said So you have to take into consideration what season you're growing in and whether they're going to need protection by the way this is it will give you good illustration of how the soil a good healthy soil mineralized oil will have a buffer this. If you're if your plants are highly mineralized the freezing point is lowered from thirty two. They won't be damaged. You can go down sometimes as low as twenty five degrees. And they won't be damaged by frost and so that's one good way. If you've got a tree fruit it's going to blossom potentially early that's it that's one of the problems they have in this part of the country. You see when you get that erratic stuff like that near those trees it want to they have a low chill requirement which is they have so many cold hours below a certain temperature and once they get those hours then they're ready to grow and so if they have a low chill requirement. They may be ready to go early and you get that balance like that. And so if you can. Put. Get that freezing point down lower than you're more likely to get across like cherries an apricot something like that that's going to going to bloom early and potentially be lost or peaches those type of things and like I said these things are the variability and all this stuff is getting worse that there is climate change going on is just not the way it's represented that there is more it's instability in the buffers in nature being destroyed and as a result. You know whereas when come from wind comes from temperature variation. And where does temperature variation come from temperature variation comes from from Oyster variation. And moisture variation comes from from lack of education or vegetation moisture vegetation in the moisture the holes and moisture sink vegetation is a moisture saying if you can stabilize moisture you can stabilize temperature and then you can stabilise when but that's all becoming more erratic because it's become an unstable and so you're having all of these you know wide swings and you see the same thing in people I mean I do where you've got these wide swings in behavior and emotions and everything else because the same thing. The buffers are being destroyed in the in. In your body and your mind in your physically in your body and so you're getting more and more erratic swings. Nobody whenever I hear people talking about climate change. They're not talking about those things are talking about charging you carbon credits to do. For another tax. OK So this is this is kind of going to be the same it's the same picture for each one of these these these issues moisture you know too much too little. Another way that the soil buffers. Moisture is won by developing good prosody there you develop good drainage of that soil so excess moisture will drain on through and. In a miser the risk of you know having a roof standing in water because the waters but so is water logged and. Humus. Is a tremendous water holding material you can hold a five percent humus content can hold five to six inches or rain. It just soaks it up so can you see if you went into a month long drought but you had five to six inches of water stored up at least in your humus content that can be released back out how that would buffer that erratic situation and that's that's what happens. That's the type of thing happens. And now if you have a human's content of one percent or one unhappier set you not going to you're going to get as much of a benefit off of that. Another interesting thing that I have up here. It's a buffer when when the seeds are sown. And they germinate they send out suppressants. Hormonal suppressants out of the roots the suppress any other sees Germany around them in a typical saw heiling you think that effect last. And last a few days. How long the last A healthy so. Last about four to six weeks in a healthy so that gives the plan a tremendous head start on suppression competition. But it when you don't have those kind of conditions and you don't get that advantage for very long. It just doesn't get the strength of that suppression is just not sufficient to to carry that. OK So when we talked about the same thing when out in Colorado. We had tremendous We had wind every day it was just normal. And you were surprised when you didn't have wind not a big deal here. So you can see where your location is and where you're trying to farm these things are going to be different. Windus desiccate ng to a plant it can also be if it's not too hard. It could be beneficial because if you've got a high humidity that helps to remove reduce the humidity in the canopy of the plant. It also helps to bring in fresh air into the canopy to bring in fresh supplies of C O two in there by the way the. A C O two level in the soil in it. Well so with plenty of humans in it. I'm trying to remember the unit of measure. It's about three to three to five thousand. I'll just give you that in the numbers and you'll get the idea I can't remember the unit they measured it. That in and so with good humans content is going to have C O two levels of three to five thousand and ambient air levels are about three hundred fifty or so and C O two is heavy. So it doesn't make its way. So it gradually makes its way up as it as it returns to C O two. It makes its way up out of the cat and works its way up through your plant canopy and so if you have high famous levels there you're maintaining a higher level of C O two in the plant can it be so you get more much more rapid growth that way it was now it's coming to from the breakdown of our Derek matter in the soil. You know what what's Yeah the bacteria fungi bacteria tend to break down simpler compounds fungi tend to break down more complicated. You know more difficult ones to break down so that the bacteria will break down sugars and some carbohydrates whereas the fungi will break down fats like we saw earlier and that progression oils and Lebanon's more more complex carbohydrates the fungi work on that. That's that's why they call the Smoky Mountains and you guys familiar with the Smoky Mountains that's why they call it Smoky Mountains that's that's smoky color in the air is from all of the debris being broken down underneath those two. Reason the carbon dioxide. Coming up out of the out of the canopy is what gives a date that blue is coming here because it can increase concentration. Yeah good Hasim levels and good C O two levels that what he was saying was that with if you have good C O two levels the tomato don't open as far and and so you get better water use if you still get transpiration to get water less water's been transpired so you get lighter. That's a bit better water use efficiency. Plus you're taking up more C O two to get more photosynthesis. So you don't have to transpires heavy in order to get the better photosynthesis. OK And the last one I put on here was pressure parametric pressure barometric pressure. It's subtle enough anybody this had a knee injury or something like that or has arthritis my daughter in her brilliance. They were told not to jump from bed to bed. We had bunk beds and everything and she chose to jump from the top of the bunk bed over to her bed one time and missed and hit the metal frame on the bottom returnee opened and had to have it also it up and everything but ever since then you know you get scar tissue in there and when the bear metric pressure changes you can always anybody with those types of things their joints start to ache or their injuries like that start to ache and everything so they feel that changes even though we don't necessarily feel that subtle change consciously it happens in the same thing happens to plants and so as you get this when you get the higher pressure. It pushes pushes down more on the on the soil and pushes air down into there. And when you when it lightens up then it. I mean it compacts it. So you have higher. It's like a turbo charger in a kind of compact compressed air limit where you have higher density Whereas when it's a lower barometric pressure it releases up on that thins out that. The pressure this is this is a subtle thing that you know it's it's. I haven't done. I haven't done any research on changing the size of the air and I haven't I don't know anybody that's that's come commented out that that the reason that's put down there is to allow that. So to breathe it creates like a long a fact where air can go up and down and that's that's what you want to Erick's change in the soil. It might my. Well this heating of the heating of the atmosphere that's where you get when from if you don't have the moisture to absorb moisture absorbs heat it could Zorba tremendous amount of heat and that also buffers temperature by the way that's why a more sure sink is so valuable. It can absorb heat and so it was sort of a lot of heat which were reduced wind and then that heat is given off at night back off at night and that buffers the temperature and that helps to reduce that yeah because solar heating although that's buffered too because what does the air exchange is more gravitational pull and barometric pressure is it expands and contracts but it's really though the gravitational pull in which which gravitational pull has more influence Dizzee earth gravitation there is gravitation pulling heavier and so pulling it down or is it the moon's gravitation that's pulling up on it and pulling it up. It's like tides. With the water was aired errors. Does the same thing. So if it pulls pulls it up and down by the way that's another side having heard of planning by the moon playing by moon signs. Well there's a legitimate science to that there's and there's another side of it too but I'll just give you the legitimate side of it and the scientific side of it is is that gravitational pull. When huge so seas you can see there's short germination seas medium germination long germination if you time when you sew them so when they germinate you want the Earth's gravitational pull dominating to get a root established because it'll it'll encourage the roots to grow down and as the moon cycle cycles around in it and the lunar gravity starts pulling heavier then it encourages top growth and so you get you get more top growth at that point and that's what planning by the moon the moon is is it's not some Saudi axons or you know some of this other stuff that people have added onto it is just a it's assigned to a physical phenomena that actually helps occur is the right. You want to establish a good root system first and then if you time. If your life short medium or long term you just time it so that it hits those cycles the way that you want it to this is a one I call it a one percenter there's more basic fundamental things that need to be done address first but as you start refining things you can add these little things then it may gain you a couple days a few days. In growth time and so that you come in a little bit earlier because you've got them up and out better. Well as to as the moon is waxing or waning that's really the in the gravitational influence how it's how it's pulling in the same thing. The effects tides why poles the tide and why. Let's it out. It's a it's a real physical phenomenon as a real physical impact the rest of the stuff you know. People often decide what they think that on their own you know the real science is that part of it is is that their. Influence or gravity. They this is the almanac for the moon and everything. If they if they correlated to that John Jevons in his book How to grow more vegetables out of a book has it more. Correct. With you know actually known what the lunar cycle is and everything. OK. The other the other thing you have to be concerned about is contaminants. You know they blow in with the wind they come in the water in the rain. They come in the street the surface water that you know waterways that you might be utilizing to irrigate with. Some of you're not going to have any control over it all but like I said in one of the other classes. You're not going to want to buy a piece of land it's downwind from some major industrial complex. That's generating massive amounts of contaminants because I can assure you that you're going to. You're going to have problems further west you go. I honestly I said somebody this and I don't mean anything derogatory about the east but I think that these the eastern part of the US A sick. You go further out in the West where you get away from a lot of the industrial stuff and everything in areas cleaner and fresher and. I went to pick up a tractor southeast Minnesota as I was driving up there through Iowa and even other drone G.M.O. corn up there and everything that you're getting away from industrial activity and everything and I was stopped in the morning at a rest area and I got out there's a gentle breeze blowing to play this feels alive up here. And everything but anyway it's just it. The further you go there's more stuff fall in with the rain because that's the way. The weather patterns go from west to east and so you just have that reality to deal with it is to be mindful of that not everything you can you know going to stop everything that's why I say there's no such thing as clean soil. There are contaminants everywhere. There was a guy in Maine whose family had farm naturally organically whatever term you want to put out they hadn't used any any pesticides herbicides or any kind of stuff they hadn't even used any commercial fertilizers on their farm ever. And he had read an article about the common blood contaminated contaminated there in most people's blood and so he thought I'll get my blood tested because I don't have any of those because we haven't messed with it around within those kind of stuff. And so he went got his blood tested to see what could Hannity had in there and when he got his results back he had ten of the top twelve contaminants in his blood. Even though he had not you know consciously chosen to to expose themselves to those things. That's the sad reality of the world we live in it's a it's a it's a world groaning under the curse of sin and so the best that you can do again is to make sure that the condition of the soil is such that you can preserve the internal environment that's when things plants can actually go or if you if you re store a balance to the robot zone then plants can actually put roots down to disobeying a thing that is known to be toxic with heavy metals or other industrial contaminants. And it can exclude those you can go down and selectively pull water selectively pull nutrients and exclude those other things that the Bible talks about in terms of the heads being broken down when the hedges restored the wall is broken down in the walls rebuilt. That's the character of God restored in the life that restores that protection. That selective control over what comes in the internal environment. So again. It always come out you're going to see it's always going to come back to making sure that the condition of the soil is such that the when a plant grows on it it that that health is conferred to that plant and then the immunity that it is necessary will protect it and the last one here is vectors and what I mean by that there are insect factors that are going to vector in diseases and. And viruses and and a variety of things you're not going to stop that either that again. At least I've never seen anybody build a wall high enough to prevent that from happening. You know when does it also a vector and blowing and weed seeds. On your land. Not because you know I'm going to stop you not going to stop or say you know stop the rain whatever it's carrying. And stuff so it comes back again it's always going to come back to the condition of the soil. If the condition of the soil is such that it's fully contained balanced then it will it will be give you the best advantage against every every one of these things you know in the Bible talks about a thousand of all your right hand and ten thousand of all your left hand. But it won't come near you. Well that's what it's talking about the character of Christ is fully filled in your mind and in your heart and in the life and that's that. That's where your protection comes from it's not from putting an armor on on outside. It's from having an armor on the inside to protect you from those things. OK So I mean any questions about those will will leave it at that you guys can pursue that a little bit more on your own if you'd like just so we don't lose the opportunity here to. OK so we'll finally get to the stuff I've been I've been asked multiple times about the class has been done on biological farming and everything I know is going to come. And in fact prior to. Prior to our oldest we're not counting on it but anyway I've had no less than a dozen people asked me today. You know what I thought about all of that. Let me just say that. I think there's a priority here that it all works together. You can't separate out any one of these aspects and say. That this is it and it'll solve all your problems it. There is a priority though. And what I see typically happen is people want to avoid accountability and what I mean by that is they don't want to standard that they have to meet measure up to. And so you wind up having you wind up having people avoid in the mineralization part of it is a consequence of that. That you're fat. That's your foundation right there. You know I don't know people consciously realize it that what they're what they're doing or not but after twenty five years of this I. I've seen a lot of things and people get fired up about a lot of things and. And I always go back to my biblical principles and say you know how does this fit with those principles. And. I want to avoid saying it's not important because it is important you know this is this is where you get most of your benefit from. And so you just want to create the conditions so that that can function the way God intended to function for you. So so I would just say that I don't I don't agree with the idea of that being the primal approach that should be your first priority but it can certainly be used all the way along. It's just that you can you can introduce biology to a soil. That with poor condition and it's not going to stick around. You'll have to continue to apply that and can it help. Sure can help. I was going to show pictures somebody was asked me about that you say and they they were shown pictures of this. Side of and then looking at the other side. How much greener it was and how much better was I forgot to put it on size but he Yeomans his son took photographs of a pasture in Australia and all they did was all they did was subsoil that one side. So they got more air. That's it just so there was more air in that soil and you took took a photograph of it about a month later. And this one side here was just green as could be and you know was about twice as tall as those are the other so I was kind of a yellow or green and not doing too well in everything and all they do is just put air in the soil. So is that a you know that's one of the first two priorities and so if air gets down to near the microbes can work better that are already there making available nutrients that are there so that things can grow better. So. I what I would just say they did to be careful of the evidence presented until you put it in with the entire picture to see how it is so. So it is very important. I just think it needs to be in a sphere in connection with everything else. And certainly can be used all the way along. OK So this is what's called the soil food web and you'll see the different levels of what the first level is the photosynthesize years. The grasses and actually some of the. Allergies and sign a bacteria actually I think can produce and fix nitrogen as well. They're the photosynthesize years they're the ones that are the producers they're the ones that produce the food source. We all depend on these producers none of us survive whether it's you know it's. Animals or people because we depend on these to capture that solar energy that sun energy and produce and store it in and be able to have life grow from it. This is a good honest. Ration of how we depend on the Sun of Righteousness Without doubt if you separate from it. Every The whole OTHER rest of the system falls apart and got up holds a life continually and we have to receive that or we can grow and live. But that's the first level is just photosynthesize yours and then. The organic that the living biomass and the organic material the waste residue and metabolize from plants animals and microbes are then utilized as food sources by the second trophic level which is decompose decomposing Michalis pathogens parasites root feeders will talk we're going to look at individual into a second that would include bacteria and fungi primarily some nematodes. And then you move up to the third trophic level which are the shredders in the predators in the grazers that would be protozoa nematodes in arthropods. And then you move up the next level which is the fourth level and higher their higher level predators and in fifth higher and higher levels are the higher level creditors going up the smaller animals and birds in an on off in there where the plant gets. Works with this this food web here is your first levels they're the bacteria in the fungi they're going to be your primary consumers and in there they're going to plant like I said earlier. They're going to try to explode those populations by giving them the food resources that they need to expand their population and that is a population dies down later then there's a bank account built of of nutrients organic organic for nutrients for the plant to grow from and so what happens is as that as the bacteria and fungi are consumed by the second level the arthropods the protozoa nematodes there's more nitrogen there's not some certain compounds in those that is in the excess to what those in the next level needs and so those are secreted out into the into the soil and in the plant to take them up and you. Allies him as as food and of course you go up from there and that process is is really producing the the conditions in the soil so that life can grow. So we're going to look at well just look at them as individuals here real quick and try to find some pictures that were interesting pictures of them. Of the Sun is it really anywhere there's a different types of bacteria there's a I think that's a micro as a hifi coming from fungi that one line coming through there. These are different forms of bacteria there. They're nitrogen fixing bacteria. The rise opium that I talked about which are the symbiotic points that work with then you have the Izzo back there. The saya bacteria they all fix nitrogen the these two these are the factors in the sign of bacteria and even acting on my C.D.'s which you see down there can sometimes synthesize nitrogen. You have the night your fires they want their aerobic they require oxygen. To and they pay them metabolize nitrogen in and make it available to the plant. The day night your fires are anaerobic and they actually cause a loss of nitrogen is because they'll actually convert it back to nitrogen gas and it will go back into the atmosphere. And then you have decomposers primarily acting in my cds in what they're just they're just breaking down organic material. And then you have fungi the fungi is this white you can't really see it in that picture because the spin and wash of it you'll see this white filmy kind of stuff they were saying when you picked up leaves you see all that white stringy kind of stuff here this that's fungi you can see it it's around and this is actually surrounding the roots of this grass this week grass here. The bigger lines are the are the roots of the wheat and you see all this white coming off that that's that's fungi there. They're sacrifice or sacrifical fungi they break down organic matter. You have mutual lists like them. Fungi that stands for the secure there are bus killer. Mike arise all find giant. They basically establish a relationship with the plant root some of them are endo which of the van fungi I think and the ecto ones they surround the instinct and in case the root the the end of the Endo is the echo ones actually go into the cell itself and then Eyrecourt find Jerry the ones that are SAT was a relationship with Eric A She's plants like blueberries and rhododendrons and Israelis and cramped cranberries. Well they actually kind of go in and around through through the cells they don't go and they don't actually penetrate the cell wall but they go in and between the cells. Whereas the other is just an envelop the outside of the outside of the root. The plant trades them photos into it's again energy compounds for water. They're good fungi are really good at it. Foraging for phosphate and bring it to the plant and member I'd said in one of the classes people will get will like treat growers with fruit tree grows well it will be told of just fertilize they just tend to fertilize the drip line part partly for economics they don't want to spend money to cover the whole area but they're told that you know the plant roots go don't go beyond the drip line of the trade. Well plant roots that the roots of the tree can go fifty to one hundred percent further in the drip line but he. And if it didn't the fungi goes everywhere. That symbiotic with the roots of the tree. It spreads out and goes everywhere looking for resources and so this is one of the reasons when you're doing tillage you want to you want to be sure that what you're doing is what you need to do because if you go in and you just fill up all that. So again all of these micro arise all networks and everything get all tore up and and damaged and had to be reconstructed so you want to be sure if you have structure not to not to mess it up. You don't need to go to till just so you tilt. Yeah you need to you need to check your soil see what the conditions are an area thing if you've got to go in and tear it all up again and that's why when I was sharing that about that research could squash why they you came in three weeks earlier because you didn't disturb all of these microbial networks in and communities that had been established because you didn't work the soil this. Well no it's not deeper than two inches but I mean sometimes if you have to go and prepare a seed bed then you can go in and prepare the seed bed you may do a little bit of damage tear up the whole the whole thing you don't mess up your structure and mess up all that you know disturbed tillage is it is disturbance. But it's sometimes a necessary disturbance because you need to break up follow ground you need it you need to open it up and you get it in. Now if you keep going and telling and telling until you put in a lot of air and of the cell depending what kind of tells you're doing. I mean this is a lot of thing that skill that people need to learn what type of tillage to do. How much are you going to put into that. So when you do you stimulate the mike the bacteria and with the all the oxygen they got may start you know consuming organic matter and sometimes you miss it. There's not enough organic matter. It's not humus they'll start consuming it and you'll start losing you lose structure you lose you lose the humus it actually helps to do structuring. And so you want it. That's why this type of intervention if you just keep doing it. You're going to wind up like feral. You know it eventually just hard your heart to the point of this oil just get worse and worse and worse. So while tillage is necessary to break up and open up that soil. You need to be at the same time addressing the conditions there with the minerals there and getting the structuring the porosity that's so constructed based on chemistry and then you know hopefully you're getting it through organic materials and everything to in the microbes gluing and structuring things. But it's not just something that has to be gone out and done routinely without any thought put into you know why you're doing what you're doing. Well not necessarily because when you raised it up. You probably put more space in it than in it and it really needed to be there and so it settled back down and if the chemistry was good it will settle back down the preserve structuring anyway. I mean you don't want these big giant pot. I say giant noise of I mean it. You know a little you want to make sure that it settles down and in fact a lot of times if your credit planning fine seeds. You need to go and roll that bed and fern that. So back down you'll see you'll see farmers in their poll and packers all across the field deferment back down to make sure that you've got a firm in a sea bed too to. Make sure that there's that there's contact with moisture and other things. So you can put too much space in a pill and that's that that's not a good thing. Well you might every every day you might every two or three years you evaluate it. If you've got good structure there's no reason. I mean the whole idea of put it making a raised bed is why you make a raise but it's just grown to the ground level. You see people are making raised beds to make the raised bed to get better drainage or to concentrate fertility if they've got poor fertility. If you've got good fertility you got good drainage you know you might need it. That way if you've got these could but if you're correcting those conditions then eventually. I just try to avoid work I don't have to do. Yeah. So I mean if that's the reason you're doing it then you know why you're doing it just as long as you take into consideration the reasons why you're doing something you see is it necessary. You know this media was brought to you by audio first a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse. If you would like to listen to more sermons lead to visit W W W dot org.

Share

Embed Code

Short URL

http://audiover.se/2nHO4mp