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More than “Just Dirt”: What Makes a Good, Healthy Soil

Edwin Dysinger

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Edwin Dysinger

Work on development for Bountiful Blessings Farm

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Conference

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  • November 30, 2017
    11:45 AM
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So we're we're going to talk about soil and. Just some some spiritual connections 1st what was man made out of. Dust the soil and and. When when Adam and Eve sinned and God gave the curse what did he said what did he say would happen to them when they died they would return to the dust. And for for the period of our lives in between when we're born and when we die we we are not. Dust but we are living on the dust and our lives are coming to us from the dust does that make sense. OK so the dirt dust is very significant for us in fact. We like to say that it's more than dirt it's more than dust it's soil. And there's. I feel like there's there's a lot of significance to. You know soil makes land and there's a lot of significance to the land or or place in. The Bible. There's. A thread of. A meaning all the way through the Bible about what what landed me. What the earth means and. There is. You know got when God when God made out and he put him in a particular place. That place was was called the Garden of Eden it was it was a special place that Adam was to manage and. You know that the goal as we as we said at the beginning this morning was that that place would be replicated in other places each as a place you know occupying land in. The. You know have. Somehow in the Garden of Eden. Food was important you know they they have the tree of life and that was that was something that somehow gave them eternal life but that did not make food irrelevant you know God God told Adam and giving you every seed bearing plant and every tree which has seed in its fruit it will be food for you so food was important even in the garden and. I'm still trying to understand I've got some ideas but I'm trying to understand exactly what that meant but. The food you know our life the food that we eat that gives us life comes from the land and it's that and you know originally it was it was the land that we on that we cared for that gave us our life. So there was something significant about the place were present lived and when when the children of Israel went into the land of Canaan God God gave every family a piece of land. And. You remember there was there was something almost sacred about that piece of land because it was never allowed to go out of the family's hands number it could be you couldn't sell it because Reese it to somebody but at the at the Jubilee after 50 years it would come back to them so it was always there is there something sacred. So there that land and places is very special and. You know I know I have and I'm sure you have experienced the same thing where you have lived you develop a special attention to that place you know I grew up in Southern California and whenever I go back there it's like America just the atmosphere the smells the feel it place you know it's home from that's you know and. I you know I don't experience that in another place it's all a mix of plants you know Vironment everything. You have an attachment that I believe all of this is built into us by God and. So the in the Bible like I said there's this thread of meaning connected. Making a spiritual application for land all the way through the Bible. Remembering the parable of the sower. Jesus in Matthew 1319. Jesus said that when anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it the evil 1 comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. OK And this is the connection it's all through the bible it's a connection of the heart to the to the 1 so. Good. And while Another example is German for $3.00 and $4.00 for those says the Lord to the men of Judah in Jerusalem break up your foul ground and so not among thorns circumcise yourselves to the Lord remove the force in your hearts. OK there is a scan action between the noun and the heart and in Hosea $1012.00 so righteousness for yourselves reap the fruit of unfailing love and break up your unplowed ground for it is time to seek the Lord until he comes and showers righteousness on and it doesn't say it explicitly there but it's obvious what is he talking about when he says break up your unplowed ground. Yeah he's not talking about your fields he's talking about your heart so. There's this connection all the way through and actually from the very beginning you remember when when when Eve ate the fruit what was what was happening in her heart. There it's discretely from God doubting God. That's the kind of you know. Yeah yeah but anyways this is this was something taking place at the heart level right. And what happened you know God what it got. As a result of that he said that the. Plan wouldn't continue to bear like it and that it would produce the cells and forms and that they would have to eat by the sweat of their brow so there was a connection between what happened in the heart and what happened on 1. When God looked down. And saw that that the earth was corrupted your breathe magination man's heart was evil. And he found 1 righteous man. You know what did he give you. Again the. Earth was cursed. Because of the spiritual problem with people's hearts. And. You know when the children of Israel went into the land of Canaan God told them if you follow me and if you will in my ways. I will bless you. Bless your fields in your need in bolts which is you know a brother comes out of your fields and your animal it's you know everything I'm going to bless you and I'm going to bless your land but if you if you don't follow me. I'm going to curse you and you know be all the land to a large extent and if you persist in not following me I'm going to take you out of the land. And he said you'll be taken exile and. And so that's what happened you know when the Northern Kingdom. Persisted in worshipping idols God send Alija. To King A and he said. There's going to be no more room for 3 years. The land was cursed because of the spiritual problem and so this is this is. A meaning that runs through Scripture there is a connection between our hearts and our land and I think we can safely say that the land is a picture of our hearts and maybe vice versa also our hearts are in the picture of the land. That's there. That's a spiritual meaning of the land it's a very deep meaning there goes with it so you know I know what Moore is talking about that in. So soil composition. Soil is is made up of. 3 and. There are 3 primary constituents of soil. So we have. Well what do you think we made of sort of what. You tell me Well what makes US soil. Sample good so well when all that mineral. Material and so there's there sand and there's also sand is the largest kind of mineral particle and then you have clay and those are the smallest and of mineral particles so. If the plate particles are erks trimly small you can't see them except within the whole of trying microscope. In course since you can easily see with your eye so then we have everything in between all agree. So that's the mineral part of the soil. What other babies will we find soil. Organic in her so that this are you. OK And. You know and then. And then over here what would now be your. Water plant. And what else aired you know. And so I didn't put a dividing the line between air and water because you know that that's something that fluctuates. And. As water decreases then you creases and vice versa so. If of these components is necessary for the soil. That you know. Let's talk a little bit more about organic matter what does organic matter made out. Decomposing organisms Yeah plant material So basically anything that was alive. And is no longer alive on forms organic matter it's not only humans to go back to dust but everything does. Your thing. Yes animal and vegetable. If it you know strictly speaking when when scientists make sure you would murder that that will actually even include a lot of living things you know like there might be live roots and. Live the soil is this full of microorganisms bacteria from God And so there are organic herders composed both of the living and the dead things. When really. You know that the bigger the bigger the organisms get that the less likely we are to include them in that new novel strictly speaking it might be there the less likely will include them because they are big an object scape. From our nation it's you know a little. What do you have picked up burrows in the ground you know we have morals and walls and gophers things like that that I did on that 1 that's. Getting. A rug was telling me about some some rats that is for them on mice that that burrowing anything even roots. Public public or goes where they need. All the Pretty good. On. So yeah I mean all of those things strictly speaking would be organic matter but. Like I said they usually are able to excrete here are. Our efforts to make sure that. Worms definitely aren't. So oh so. If you do. So I'm going nuts here I mention sand silt is is something in between sand and clay and then Clay and. If. If you had. A bead see if that was representing a piece of a particle of clay then then. Then the beat. Beat itself would represent silt and. A wheelbarrow would represent sand that's the kind of. Ratio it would look here. So. What what is it that that makes the organic matter. Break down don't like it. You know if you when you if we you just look at in the forest dark you're right outside the doors here. What do you see on the ground. Lot of leaves Yeah so it's that's intact organic matter basically But if you kind of separate those leaves aside what we can from. Oh. Yeah oh. Yeah you'll find that that they're not they're not so intent They're gritty dam and in the deeper you go the more broken you'll find it right. You know until you get to the actual soil itself but there's kind of an gradations all the way through but so you know we talk about soil layers and. This suction saw. This organic matter the surface and it's. Been. Coming down into the. Soil. Covered all the life. So. This isn't the top soil here and then you have. A secondary layer that has very little woman. And then you might have over the years rock. But but this area here is what we're particularly interested in and I just want to note that. This is is the natural way things work. And who set that up got it. So he set it up so that it works this way and so therefore you know if we can if we can try to replicate this work with our in a way that replicates this the closer we can we can be to do God's will working with things move better it's going to work right so. So what is so we started talking about with what is breaking these leaves the so that the beaches become corporate into the soil bacteria anything else. Worms. Rooms are whole heard. That is helpful also in fact that's why in hot places that's it's really a challenge to get organic matter in the soil because the he turns to. See. That and we know that can be helpful that it's actually you know. We're we're discovering that how you know hot is very beneficial. Just Yami Well I just want to come on or just finish this 1 by 1 come down to this there's 1 other thing that plays a key role in breaking these this down and that's fungus. OK So so it's it's bacteria and fungi and it's it it's interesting in the natural world. What you'll find here you know in the under under the forests. You're you'll find that the soil has a higher proportion of fungus than bacteria. But when you're when you're in fields and grasslands it's the other way around that you have a higher proportion of bacteria and salt and so. 11 thing. 1 kind of. Color the lesson or just the 1 thing we can gather from that is that it seems that you know it in a culture of perennial it's. A fund of dominated soil seems to be preferable but in a culture of annual it's. Maybe a Dutch area dominated soil is this is preferable. It In both situations It's not want to go there you have bacteria and fungi in the forest and you have bacteria and fungi in the fields but you know there's just. A change of roles of dogs so. You know taking that to the garden. Your fruit trees from pretty straight. And so you know you're. Here you're looking at developing a fungal dominated soil under your fruit trees with your vegetables. They tend to mostly be. And so you don't want them to really deal. With them. And you know for certain extent that's just something that will naturally take place. So you know if we were you were asking about getting rid of the organic matter again. We're tending to do less and less of that I mean 1 place that we have traditionally. Really tried to work are going to matter in life when we grow out of the green manure cover crop that's a a crop grown for the purpose of proving the sort. Of him. We've tended to fill that in a bit. A lot of farmers are even getting away from. This lady that you live in this is slow. Because what happens when you when you what organic matter sit on the soil well I'll just give you an example. We lived for a couple of years in Arkansas watching Hills academy and at that. We were living in a small trailer and the ground around us was it was very rocky and clay and it had a just a very sparse grass growing on it and. A neighbor was able to to get a couple of big brown hay bales you could do the big round maybe else you know so he was able to get some from a farmer that were. Sitting out in his field for a couple of years and so they were starting to rot and weren't really useful to him and so we got them and. He you know he got 1 for himself and he gave 1 to me and I I spread it on this ground that was that was hard and just a little bit of grass growing. These rocks and Clay shone through and I spread it on really thick about like this and then. Left for I think for a couple of weeks anyways when I when I came back and went out to check the well I wanted to drive in some posts for to meet up stakes and. As I was driving those posts into the ground. Earthworms were just popping up every time I knocked a post is like they were going to dance you know it's really amazing but I don't do that the soil had changed completely underneath it was softened more and stand for a while for us so. Just. Putting on paunch on top of the soil can really make a big difference and what happens is that. Instead of you digging in the soil you have all that wife in a sort of digging at 40. That makes sense you know God God placed us you know when when God placed Adam and Eve He particularly gave them dominion over the animals you know on encourage you to read Genesis 1 again but it's very specific over the last you know and and then and then God said you know to you I give every every treatments every plant and see it every tree seed in its fruit and then he said into the animals every plant and so I think the way I'm taking note is that God specifically gave us dominion over the animals but. You know Dominion means making sure that they have what they didn't eat and so we're home watching. The plant world because that's our food supply and it's food supply for the animals that we're supposed to be watching over. So many ways of. Where was I going. Well you know the it is there yeah and so so that you know that the creatures are working for us that just happened to be you know rhythm. We're utilizing them. To. Do labor for us instead of having to do it on our selves Oh the icy part not that. Young. You can do that. In fact. It's kind of an ideal thing to know. She. Sucked the sub in the fall and then. Let it sit over the winter and then by spring you've got a really nice you know something to work with. You can do that as well yeah it's just that if if it was if it was done before then your soil has had time to to you know develop these populations of fence. But you know if you've already got your garden in and you want to do just that don't don't wait you can you can go ahead and start now and you know the sooner you do it the sooner you'll start. Growing the populations of microbes that you want. OK So so it's the microbes that are breaking down. On a commuter you know and basically we can say that don't work Yannick matter is is the food. And the housing. For for microbes and so if you don't if you have a soil that has very little organic matter and then you have very little food and housing for the microbes OK And what's significant about down. The significant thing is that. Here So you have a plant here or. Roots and then off of these roots are smaller roots. And small root here. If if this was a. Microscope looking at. A very small root here. You would find that there is a an area I am very close to that route but but around it that is on. It's it's full of exit it's from the plant these are these are mostly starch and should exit aids that come out from the roof and. That zone there is is full of microbes because they are they are flying in this this. And that should you know the start exits so that's where they grow it multiply Yeah I'm just I mean there are elsewhere in the soil with. Just a very gently or right around the root cause a lot of analysts. It is those microbes in that layer around the root that that effect that the transfer of of minerals and nutrients into the brooch. So those those microbes come into that zone around the root and they die and when they decompose those nutrients are available to to the root. So. Basically that I mean the basic idea here is that. If you have if you have a limited microbial population your soil. Your plants are going to have a more limited nutrient uptake does that make sense it's. Very. You know it depends it depends on the plant there are some that are very deep rooted in others you know most. By a time you go down 2 feet you know wassup with the plants are going to be in the area but most of the roots but you will have some weeds particularly from some plants that do then you saw you know this this profile. Can be different in different places but. Most of the roots are going to be topsoil Yeah and that's where most of the activity place. So what you know by by putting organic matter on your soil and your need to to do that every year you know that again that's what nature does right is there there's that constant litter of leaves coming from the trees and so if you're going to replicate that in your garden you need to apply something you're here. But you know then you're going to be building in topsoil and like I said you providing food and housing for microbes who are providing nutrition to your plants so. That's the fundamental cycle. Air and Water. Are very important because. That's what life needs right. Those microbes need air and water and so. The structure of your soil is is really significant for that reason if you have a contact and soil. It's not going to let much Carol water through. The find compacted soil. Are low and working like matter. Just like you. So that's. The primary reason for predicting when. You know air and water can be more available. We're going to. Worry you're allowing. The microbes mortgages and then your soil to do the killing corn you're. Going to be introducing a tool that we like a lot called Rock work. Without actually turning. You know traditional farm. Down here. That. Converts the soil and. That's that everything back. So we're not on the. Difficult whole natural system that has this normal over. 1 exception to that. In order to have on well developed deaths that have you know a good amount of good soil when I. Plant. Something very fishy on the surface. You know like like baby. Who drew up a whole 30 inch. Thick with baby. House when you're wanting to read her thoughts for the for the something off on. Your government. Map of. Writing. And it's it's not that easy to. Prepare the half so. I have tried flipping. Because it's already well. I mean the way we've done it otherwise we will. Hold and cut all of those right below the surface and then you're taking out a lot of work. And dirty. Company to hopefully it's not all off but it's a lot of labor. The other way is a lot of labor to be. Trying to hook. The 1 thing about using mulch like this. On the surface of a. When you're when you're planting crops like you know if you're doing something like a degree where you're direct CD things it's really hard to work with them. When you're direct. And so just for practicality we. Use a system like this a system like this if you transplant. And we prefer transplanting or direct seed so whenever we have an opportunity to transplant. And so that this kind of system can work with that but when you're executing it's a lot easier to have a clear their. Work so I know that you can direct seed into and so in that instance well will want to add organic matter you come to something like that we were preparing to see that before we direct C. because we've taken off all the organic matter simply yet something that mixes. OK. So a healthy soil is is made up of our bridges. Mind. Essentially trying to find something else and that. You use. If you pick up a soil and and it's dry and fine. Doesn't it. You know a healthy soil should have a crumb kind of like a good cake on 1 case. And that the scrum is what we call aggregates. And. What. What makes those candidates. You know they're small. Clumps of soil stick sticking together and so what is it that makes it like that out. Is that if you. 1 of the dangers of using a border filler for example you've got leads going through the soil quickly. It'll break up those aggregates. And that makes doubt doubt will. Encourage the land compact. And reducing the full water to those aggregates allow the land you have this 1 to have air pockets and places for the air and water. And after. All. You know what I mean when I when I'm speaking about you you see the knot in soil OK So that that's what you want and what what makes those aggregates is. There are accidents from. From from the bacteria and the at that that are kind of like glue that glues soil particles together and then that and then the fun guy often have hifi you know like very small strings and grooves hifi help to hold the soil together and. So again having having a healthy microbial population in your soil will help your soil to have a good structure so that it's so that the air or water can pass through it easily. There are about 70 elements. Are needed by plants to grow well. Having those those elements in the right balance is is very helpful you know where when they're not in the right balance things obviously somehow managed to grow good but having them in the right balance facilities really a lot. Not only for the plants but also for the life in the soil so on our human bodies need about 27 different elements. To grow and where do we get those elements from. Our food. You know so they come into us so and so basically what I'm saying is that. The plants don't need as many minerals as we do right. It is going to need about $27.00. But all of those elements need to be in the soil and they all need to be taken up by plants for there are sick and so 1 thing on the same with this is that there it's. We are just coming on to the edge of the farmer's thinking about growing plants for human consumption. You know for the most part farmers are growing plants for the sake of a healthy plant I mean they know it's going to be food that there are they're focused on on the basic minerals that they need to put in the ground for the plant to grow. But. There is hardly anyone growing. Trying to make sure that whatever humiliates is is in the soil and available to the plants is that that's kind of a new idea out there better and I feel like it's something that we need to start to move because you know we know that the soils are all tired and. The nutrient composition of the produce today at least in America Nugent compositional produce today is not what it was 50 or 60 years ago and they were testing it down through their testing it now and there's a significant difference and it's no more. So we you know what it is important for us to do and 1 of the minerals that we need to do. You know and home even beyond just the. Cultural ties with. This media was brought to you by audio 1st a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse if you would like to listen to more sermons lead to visit W W W audio verse or. So word we're going to talk about soil and. Just some some spiritual connections 1st what was man made out of. Dust in the soil. And and. When when Adam and Eve sinned and God gave the curse what did he said what did he say would happen to them when they died it would return to the dust. And for for the period of our lives in between when we're born and when we die we we are not. Dust but we are living on the dust and our lives are coming to us from the dust does that make sense. OK so the dirt dust is very significant for us in fact. We like to say that it's more than dirt it's more than dust it's soil. And there's. I feel like there's there's a lot of significance to. You know soil makes land and there's a lot of significance to the land or or place in. The Bible. There's. A thread of. Meaning all the way through the Bible about what what land me. What the earth means and. There is. You know got when God when God made out and he put him in a particular place. That place was was called the Garden of Eden it was it was a special place that Adam was to manage and. You know that the goal as we as we said at the beginning this morning was that that place would be replicated in other places each as a place you know occupying land and. The. You know have. Somehow in the Garden of Eden. Food was important you know they they have the tree of life and that was that was something that somehow gave them eternal life but that did not make food irrelevant you know God God's told and I'm giving you every seed bearing plant and every tree which has seed in its fruit it will be food for you so food was important even in the garden and. I'm still trying to understand I've got some ideas but I'm trying to understand exactly what that meant but. The food you know our life the food that we eat that gives us life comes from the land and it's that and you know originally it was it was the land that we on that we cared for that gave us our life. You know. So there was something significant about the place were present lived and when. The children of Israel went into the land of Canaan God God gave every family a piece of land. And. You remember there was there was something almost sacred about that piece of land because it was never allowed to go out of the family's hands remember it could be they couldn't so they can reset to somebody but at the at the Jubilee after 50 years they would come back to them so it was always there is there something sacred. So there that land and places is very special and. You know I know I have and I'm sure you have experienced the same thing where you have lived you develop a special attention to that place you know I grew up in Southern California and whenever I go back there it's like a minutes just the atmosphere the smells the feel it place you know it's home from that's you know and. I you know I don't experience that in another place it's all a mix of plants you know Vironment everything. You have an attachment that I believe all of this is built into us by God and. So the in the Bible like I said there's this thread of meaning connected. Making a spiritual application for land all the way through the Bible. Remembering the parable of the sower. Jesus in Matthew 1319. Jesus said that when anyone hears the word of the kingdom and does not understand it the evil 1 comes and snatches away what has been sown in his heart. OK And this is the connection it's all through the bible it's a connection of the heart to the to the 1 so. Good. And while Another example is German for $3.00 and $4.00 for those says the Lord to the men of Judah in Jerusalem break up your foul of ground and so not a month or Ince circumcise yourselves to the Lord remove the force in your hearts. OK there is a scan action between the noun and the heart and in Hosea $1012.00 so righteousness for yourselves reap the fruit of unfailing love and break up your unplowed ground for it is time to seek the Lord until he comes and showers righteousness on and it doesn't say it explicitly there but it's obvious what is he talking about when he says break up your unplowed ground. Yeah he's not talking about your fields he's talking about your heart so. There's this connection all the way through and actually from the very beginning you remember when when when Eve ate the fruit what was what was happening in her heart. There it's discretely from God doubting God. That's the kind of you know. Yeah yeah but anyways this is this was something taking place at the heart level right. And what happened you know God what it got. As a result of that he said that the. Plan wouldn't continue to bear like it and that it would produce the cells and forms and that they would have to eat by the sweat of their brow so there was a connection between what happened in the heart and what happened on 1. When God looked down. And saw that the earth was corrupted your breathe magination man's heart was evil. And he found 1 righteous man. You know what did he give you. Again the. Earth was cursed. Because of a spiritual problem with people's hearts. And. You know when the children of Israel went into the land of Canaan God told them if you follow me and if you will in my ways. I will bless you. Bless your fields in your need in bolts which is you know the brother comes out of your fields and your animal it's you know everything I'm going to bless you and I'm going to bless your land but if you if you don't follow me. I'm going to curse you and you know be all the land to a large extent and if you persist in not following me I'm going to take you out of the land and he said you'll be taken exile and off and so that's what happened you know when the Northern Kingdom. Persisted in an arm worshipping idols God send Alija. To King A and he said. There's going to be no more room for 3 years. The land was cursed because of the spiritual problem and so this is this is. A meaning that runs through Scripture there is a connection between our hearts and our land and I think we can safely say that the land is a picture of our hearts and maybe vice versa also our hearts are often a picture of the land. That's there. That's a spiritual meaning of the land it's a very deep meaning that goes with it so. I know what Moore is talking about that in. So soil composition. Soil is is made up of. 3 and. There are 3 primary constituents of soil. So we have well what do you think we made of soil. You tell me Well what makes US soil. Sample good so well when all that mineral. Material and so there's there sand and there's also sand is the largest kind of mineral particle and then you have clay and those are the smallest kind of mineral particles so. If the plate particles are erks trimly small you can't see them except with the left from microscope. Course since you can easily see with your eye so then we have everything in between all agree. So that's the mineral part of the soil. What other things will we find soil. Organic in her so that this are you. OK And. You know and then. And that over here what would now be more. Water. And what else air. And so I didn't put a dividing the line between air and water because you know that that's something that fluctuates. And. That's water decreases and creases and vice versa so. If of these components is necessary for the soil. That you know. Let's talk a little bit more about organic matter what does organic matter made out. Of all the. Decomposing organisms Yeah plant material So basically anything that was alive. And is no longer alive on forms organic matter it's not only humans to go back to dust but everything does. Thing. Yes animal and vegetable. You know strictly speaking when when scientists major organ would matter it that'll actually even include a lot of living things you know like there might be live roots and. Live the soil is this full of microorganisms bacteria from God And so there are organic herders composed both of the living and the dead systems. When really. You know that the bigger the bigger the organisms get food the less likely we are to include them in that new novel strictly speaking it might be there the less likely will include them because they are big an object scape. From our nation it's you know little. What do you have picked up burrows in the ground and we have morals and walls and gophers and things like that. That. Get. A rug was telling me about some some rats that is for them on mice that that burrowing anything even roots. Public public or goes where they need. All the Pretty good. On em. So yeah I mean all of those things strictly speaking would be organic matter but. Like I said they usually are able to excrete here are. Our efforts to make sure that. Worms definitely aren't. So oh so. If you do. So I'm going nuts here I mentioned San silt is is something in between sand and clay and then the clay and. If. If you had. A bead see if that was representing a piece of a particle of clay then then. Then the beat. Beat itself would represent silt on. A wheelbarrow we represent sand that's the kind of. Ratio it would look here so. What what is it that that makes the organic matter. Break down dark it. You know if you when you if we you just look at in the forest dark here right outside the doors here. What do you see on the ground. Lot of leaves here so it's guts intact organic matter basically But if you kind of separate those leaves aside what we can from. Yeah. Yeah you'll find that that they're not they're not so intent They're gritty dam and in the deeper you go the more broken you'll find it right. You know until you get to the actual soil itself but there's kind of an gradations all the way through but so you know we talk about soil layers and. This suction saw. This organic matter the surface and it's. Been. Coming down into the. Soil. Covered all the life. So. This isn't the top soil here and you have. A secondary lawyer that has very little woman. And then you might have over the years a lot. But but this area here is what we're particularly interested in and I just want to note that. This is is the natural way things work. And who set that up got it yeah so he set it up so that it works this way and so therefore you know if we can if we can try to replicate this and work with our in a way that replicates this the closer we can we can be to do God's will working with things move better it's going to work right so. So what is so we started talking about with what is breaking these leaves the so that the being which it become incorporated into the soil bacteria anything else. Worms. Rooms are whole heard. That is helpful also in fact that's why in hot places that's it's really a challenge to get organic matter in the soil because the he turns to. See. That and we know that can be helpful that it's actually you know. We're we're discovering that how you know. Is very beneficial. Yami Well I just want to come on or just finish this 1 by 1 can go to this there's 1 other thing that plays a key role in breaking these this down and that's fungus. OK So so is this bacteria fungi and it it's interesting in the natural world. What you'll find here you know in the under under the forests. You're you'll find that the soil has a higher proportion of fungus than bacteria. But when you're when you're in fields and grasslands it's the other way around that you have a higher proportion of bacteria and salt and so. 11 thing. 1 kind of. Color the lesson or just the 1 thing we can gather from that is that it seems that you know it in a culture of perennial it's. A fungal dominated soil seems to be preferable but in a culture of annual it's. Maybe at that period dominated soil is this is preferable. It In both situations it's not 1 of the other you have bacteria and fun going in the forest and you have bacteria and fungi in the fields but you know there's just. A change rolls of dogs so. You know taking that to the garden. Your fruit trees from pretty straight. And so you know you're. Here you're looking at developing a fungal dominated soil under your fruit trees with your vegetables. They tend to mostly be. And so you don't want to bacteria down. With them. And you know for certain extent that's just something that will naturally take place. So you know if we were you were asking about getting rid of the organic matter again. We're tending to do less and less of that I mean 1 place that we have traditionally. Really tried to work are going to matter in life when we grow out of the green the recover crop that's a a crop grown for the purpose of proving the sort of. Work with him. You know we've tended to fill that in a bit. A lot of farmers are even getting away from. This lately that you're cutting it and letting this it slow. Because what happens when you when you what organic matter sit on the soil well I'll just give you an example. We lived for a couple of years in Arkansas watching Hills academy and at that. We were living in a small trailer and the ground around us was it was very rocky and clay and it had a just a very sparse grass growing on it and. A neighbor was able to to get a couple of big brown hay bales you could do the big round maybe else you know. So he was able to get some from a farmer that were. Sitting out in his field for a couple of years and so they were starting to rot and weren't really useful to him and so we got them and. He you know he got 1 for himself and he gave 1 to me and I I spread it on this ground that was that was hard and just a little bit of grass growing. Rocks and Clay shone through and I spread it on really thick about like this and then. Left for I think for a couple of weeks anyways when I when I came back and went out to check the well I wanted to drive in some posts for to meet up stakes and. As I was driving those posts into the ground. Earthworms were just popping up every time I knocked a post is like they were going to dance you know it's really amazing but I don't do that the soil had changed completely underneath it was soft and want instant and full of life for us so. I just. Put in a points on top of the soil can really make a big difference and what happens is that. Instead of you digging in the soil you have all that wife in a sort of digging at 40 that makes sense you know God God placed us you know when when God placed Adam and Eve He particularly gave them dominion over the animals you know running courage you didn't read Genesis 1 again but it's very specific over the past you know and and then and then God said you know you are given to every tree variants of every plant and see it every tree seed in its fruit and then he set into the animals every plant and so I think the way I'm taking note is that God specifically gave us dominion over the animals but. You know Dominion means making sure that they help with the eat and so we're home watching. The plant world because that's our food supply and it's food supply for the animals that we're supposed to be watching over. So many ways of. Where was I going. Well you know the it is there yeah and so so that you know that the creatures are working for us that just happened to be you know rhythm. We're utilizing them. To. Do labor for us instead of having to do it on our selves Oh the icy part not that. Young. You can do that. In fact. It's kind of an ideal thing to know. She. Sucked the sub in the fall and then. Let it sit over the winter and then by spring you've got a really nice you know something to work with. You can do that as well yeah it's just that if if it was if it was done before then your soil has had time to to you know develop these populations of fence. But you know if you've already got your garden in and you want to do just that don't don't wait you can you can go ahead and start now and you know the sooner you do it the sooner you'll start. Growing the populations of microbes that you want. OK So so it's the microbes that are breaking down. On a commuter you know and basically we can say that don't work Yannick matter is is the food. And the housing. For for microbes and so if you don't if you have a soil that has very little organic matter and then you have very little food and housing for the microbes OK And what's significant about down. The significant thing is that. Here So you have a plant here or. Roots and then off of these roots or smaller roots. And small root hears. If if this was a. Microscope looking at. A very small room here. You would find that there is a an area home very close to that route but but around it that is on. Its it's full of exit it's fun the plant these are these are mostly starch and should exit aids that come out from the roof and. That zone there is is full of microbes because they are they are flying in that is this. And that should you know at the start exits so that's where they grow it multiply Yeah I'm just I mean there are elsewhere in the soil with. Just a very gently or right around the root cause a lot of analysts. It is those microbes in that layer around the root that that effect that the transfer of of minerals and nutrients into the brooch. So those those microbes come into that zone around the root and they die and when they decompose those nutrients are available to to the root. So. Basically that I mean the basic idea here is that. If you have if you have a limited microbial population your soil. Your plants are going to have a more limited nutrient uptake does that make sense it's. Very. You know kinds of it depends on the plant there are some that are very deep rooted and others you know most. By a time you go down 2 feet you know wassup with the plants are going to be in the area mostly roots but you will have some weeds particularly from some plants that do then you saw you know this this profile. Can be different in different places but. Most of the roots are going to be topsoil Yeah and that's where most of the activity place. So what you know by by putting organic matter on your soil and you'll need to do to do that every year you know that again that's what nature does right is there there's that constant litter of leaves coming from the trees and so if you're going to replicate that in your garden you need to apply something you're here. But you know then you're going to be building in topsoil and like I said you providing food and housing for microbes who are providing nutrition to your plants so. That's the fundamental cycle. Air and Water. Are very important because. That's what life needs right. Those microbes need air and water and so there are the structure of your soil is is really significant for that reason if you have a contact and soil. It's not going to let much Carol water through. The find compacted soil. Are low and work like matter. Just like you. So that's. The primary reason for predicting the soil when. You know air and water can be more available. We're going to. Worry you're allowing. The microbes Morgan is in your soil to do the killing corn you're. Going to be introducing a tool that we like a lot called Rock work. Without actually trying. You know traditional farming. Went. On down here. The thought that. It converts the soil and. That's that everything. So we're not on the. Difficult whole natural system that has its normal over. 1 exception to that. In order to have on well developed deaths that have you know a good amount of good soil when I. Plant. You know something very fair on the surface. You know like like babies. Who drop a whole 30 inch bed thick with baby. Have when you're wanting to read your thoughts for the for the something off on. Your government. Map of. Writing. And it's it's not that easy to. Prepare the half so. I have tried flipping. Because it's already well. I mean the way we've done it otherwise we will. Hold and cut. Right below the surface and then you're taking out a lot of. Dirt and putting the company to hopefully it's not all off but it's a lot of labor. The other way is a lot of labor to be. Trying to who. Don't know 1 thing about using mulch like this. On the surface of a. When you're when you're planting crops like you know if you're doing something like a degree where you're direct CD things it's really hard to work with them. When you're direct. And so just for practicality we. Use a system like this a system like this if you transfer. And we prefer transplanting or direct CD So whenever we have an opportunity to transplant. And so that this kind of system can work with that but when you're executing it's a lot easier to have a clear their. Work so I know that you can direct seed into and so in that instance well will want to add organic matter if you come to something like that we were preparing to see that before we direct seed because we've taken off all the organic matter simply yet something that makes a nice. Head. So a healthy soil is is made up of our bridges. Mind. Essentially try to find something else and that. You use. If you pick up a soil and and it's dry and find. The tainted. You know a healthy soil should have a crumb kind of like a good cake on 1 case. And that this crowd is what we call aggregates and. What. What makes those candidates. You know they're small. Clumps of soil stick sticking together and so what is it that makes it like that out. Is that if you. 1 of the dangers of using a border filler for example you've got leads going through the soil quickly. It'll break up those aggregates. And that makes doubt doubt will. Encourage the land compact. And in reducing the full water. Those aggregates allow the land you have this 1 to have air pockets and places for the air and water. And after. All. You know what I mean when I when I'm speaking about you you see the not in soil OK So that that's what you want and what what makes those aggregates is. There are accidents from. From from the bacteria and the at that that are kind of like glue that glues soil particles together and then that and then the fun guy often have hifi you know like very small strings and those hifi help to hold the soil together and. So. Again having having a healthy microbial population in your soil will help your soil to have a good structure so that it's so that the air or water can pass through it easily. There are. About 17 elements that. Are needed by plants to grow well. Having those those elements in the right balance is is very helpful you know where when they're not in the right balance things obviously somehow managed to grow good but having them in the right balance facilities really a lot. Not only for the plants but also for the life in the soil so on our human bodies need about 27 different elements. To grow. And we're to reveal who has elements from. Our food. You know totally coming to us so and so basically what I'm saying is that. The plants don't need as many minerals as we do right. It is going to need about $27.00. But all of those elements need to be in the soil and they all need to be taken up by plants or over there are sick. And so what 1 thing on the same with this is that there it's. We are just coming on to the edge of the farmer's thinking about growing plants for human consumption. You know for the most part farmers are growing plants for the sake of a healthy plant I mean they know it's going to be food that there are they're focused on on the basic. Minerals that they need to put in the ground for the plant to grow but. There is hardly anyone growing. Trying to make sure that whatever humiliates is is in the soil and available to the plants is that that's kind of a new idea out there better and I feel like it's something that we need to start to move because you know we know that the soils are getting the old tired and. The nutrient composition of the produce today at least in America Nugent compositional produce today is not what it was 50 or 60 years ago and they were testing it down through their testing it now and there's a significant difference and it's no more. So we you know what it is important for us to do and 1 of the minerals that we need to do. You know and home even beyond just the. Cultural ties with. 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