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Succession Planting

John Dysinger Joshua Dysinger

Description

Do you struggle with too much garden produce at certain times of the year, and not enough at other times? Succession planting is the answer. In this class we will look at crop planting dates to keep the veggies coming all year long!

Recorded

  • January 17, 2020
    9:15 AM
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Our Dear Heavenly Father we thank you for this beautiful morning we think you for the encouragement we have already heard. And we thank you for each one who is here we asked for your blessing on this class we asked that you would give us wisdom to make it clear and succinct. And I pray for those who listen that they would be encouraged and empowered these things we pray in Jesus' name amen Ok so I am going to just do a little bit of an overview on. Why why we should you know why you want to do succession planting my dad will get into more. Of the ins and outs especially for the summer season and then all touch on the fall and winter again at the end which is. A little bit more confusing and difficult but I will try and at least point you in some of the. Right directions so why succession planting you can see some success from planting in this picture at least a couple there the peas. Because the classic You can only use so much zucchini and squash in July I mean it just seems like your eyes are always bigger when you go to apply you know it's like to squash plants you know that's nothing but when it starts producing you know you really can't he's that much so. You. Spread your you spread your. Produce out through the. Through the season my dad found some funny. Side to his their zucchini car making out to figure out something to do with all your all your stuff. And. You know you're from the south and you only lock your card and zucchini season. So the other another reason it's more. Efficient more your garden space is used more efficiently because you're not putting. Everything in at once so you don't need as much space you know at least around us it's like. You know I guess. Late April beginning of May people put their garden in and that's like yeah like I got my garden put in and you know they do it all and everything planted all and then it grows until it's either full of weeds or gone or whatever but. You know with the with the succession plans you don't need as much space you just plant you know a little bit half a row of Ludus and a few squash plants and you're as those are coming out you're putting more in and so you don't need as much space and you've got the stuff that's growing the stuff that's in transplants. Keeps eating fresh year round so those one of our. You know end of maybe getting of June t.s.a. boxes and then this is one of our probably end of December or January boxes. Makes the garden more mandible manageable which is. Pretty much the same. As the efficiency in space because you're not. Everything's on a smaller scale because you're not putting it all out there once which makes it just feel. Much more much more manageable and so now we're going to go into. The more nitty gritty and this is this is general guidelines. And especially in the winter Ellie's our winters have just been all over the place. So every year is different you can't. You can't count on every year being the same but I will try and give you a good ballpark. And. At least give you some good. Overview on succession planting and try and simplify it so so I just wanted to emphasize a couple things that Joshua was talking about. You know many of you in fact I know there was a class I don't know if it's today or it was yesterday on canning right in preserving many of you preserve food and that's great and there's nothing wrong with that but I think most people would agree that preserved food is not as healthy as food pics straight from the garden right isn't that as a general rule I think that's true so you know when when you just plant a big summer garden and then you've got all this work of canning and preserving it's it's a lot of work all at one time so we do actually very little preserving Now we do applesauce we can tomatoes because we don't like to buy tomatoes in the wintertime. We do freeze like our berries strawberries and blueberries but that's hardly preserving that's really simple. And we do some peaches but the Literally that's about it. And so the point is that's all work we don't have to do and then we're just we just eat with the season. You know when when it's summertime and we have a lot of Tamino sandwiches and corn on the cob right and green beans and squash and all those good things that come fall we're eating broccoli and kale and you know all the root crops and in the wintertime We've got lots of salads and cooking greens and carrots amazing carrots so. In many ways it just seems simpler right. You just go out every day and say Ok what's for dinner what's in the garden what's right so that's kind of in my mind the biggest beauty of succession planting. So. To try to simplify this what we are encouraging you to do and just to back up a minute or for a 2nd Joshua was saying you know it's it's not an exact science in this is what makes what makes gardening so challenging. And as Elliot Coleman my kind of my gardening mentor says it's the mountain that you never summit can you imagine for somebody who's into conquering how how challenging that is every year you're saying Ok this is the year we're going this summit the mountain and you never summit it. No matter how long you live every year has enough challenge to it and it's enough different that you don't get it all right. So that can either discourage you or it can just push you on man we're going to do this. And so the saying that. You know with with all the. The weather changes that we have nowadays you know we can give you these guidelines but the only way to ensure that you're always going to have something ready to harvest is to do what what I call the shotgun approach you know you've got a if if this is you know if like for us for our winter carrots we did experiment ing in the early years and we decided August 24 was the target date for planting our winter character and those stay in the ground all winter but because every fall is different some are cold like this year this was a really weird year that. You know we had this really cold snap in the fall which really shuts down the growth of the plants and then it warmed up again you know and it's been warm ever since pretty much but. So you know our carrots didn't size up like they I mean they're now slowly sizing up but they didn't get the size we wanted him to because that cold just shut him down. So you see what I'm saying it's it is a little complicated but anyway let's just get into it here so. We're going to suggest because we're trying to simplify this in and even on our farm you know commercial growing I have one seeding day a week. Monday is my seeding day. And you know that as just was said in the fall that really is not enough because the plantings the bunch up in the fall but we'll get into the little bit more but anyway I think for a home gardener one. Day a week is good but but you just have to put it on your calendar today I'm going to see. And so there are some crops that you do on 7 day intervals and again you know on a home scale you may not even want to grow all these things but on this chart can you see this. Well again we will we will be making copies but. And also we're going to try to get all these on the attic or a Web site so 7 day interval crops are mainly. Direct seeded crops pretty much I mean we pretty much direct feed all these baby leaf lettuce baby leaf greens so that would be all your other baby stuff like a ruby. There's lots of Asian kinds of Mizuno tatts soy. You know many greens that you can see and these are just growing small so you have to see them often and these like as they are direct seeded we actually. Discourage direct seeding because direct seeding will discourage you if you don't have your weeds under control and that's that's what the next session is about so we do very little direct seeding almost everything we do is transplanted with the exception of these so on this page just to kind of show you how it's set up the 1st column we have the crops and the intervals then the 2nd column has some planting recommendations. And this is 1st so I'm going. You know we give some some guidelines 1st 1st so I. And then so up to so your 1st sowing in this case is 6 weeks before the last frost and then your last sowing would be 4 weeks before the 1st frost does that make sense 1st frost in the fall and last frost in the spring. That makes sense for us that and again these are averages you know it can vary a lot but this is the average last frost in the spring and the average 1st frost in the fall for us in middle Tennessee average last frost is April 15th an average 1st frost is October 20. And you'll notice and we won't we don't have time to talk in depth about all of these but you'll notice. Our planting recommendations for most of these and these are cool weather crops we don't recommend sowing more than 6 weeks before the last frost in the spring and this is outdoors I I need to also point out if you have a protected environment like an unheated heap Powells you can start you can push these back like at least a month or so rather than 6 weeks you could go 10 weeks so the 1st of February is when we start seeding in earnest and by all that stuff is going to go in and in a hoop house an unheated who pals anything going outside would be the 1st of March would be when we're seeding it. Does that make sense the only exception I think there's one or 2 exceptions spinach. You know in the seed catalogs they will say as soon as the soil can be worked. That's a famous line you know as soon as the soil can be worked well that can vary by months you know depending on the year but the key there is to actually work the soil in the fall and you just have it ready sitting and ready to go in the spring. And then the 3rd column I have some notes and if it's direct seeded if we direct seed it it's going to say so in the 3rd column. Ok so baby leaf lettuce baby leaf greens radishes spinach So launch Roe are all crops that we would see it every week so for you you know that might be just a foot or 2 of Roe you know if you're wanting some baby lettuce just sprinkle a few seeds just a couple feet probably for a home garden so this is you know you're not having to prepare big spaces or anything. Same with radishes you know I mean depending on how much you like radishes just a short amount and radishes you know if you have any experience you know that in the heat of summer they get really high right. So a lot of people don't even like to touch grow radishes through the summer spinach The challenge with spinach and I point out here is germination temperatures you spinach will not Germany well above 70 to 75 degrees so if you're going to try to push the spinach season you've got to get those seeds germinated somewhere other than outside where it's too hot. Ok any. Well maybe we shouldn't ask any questions because we won't get through it all so then we go to just 14 day intervals so this is every 2 weeks so this would be things like full sized head lettuce Now again if you notice a picture earlier there was a picture in our greenhouse with lots of lettuce little lettuces see our lettuces spend half their life in the greenhouse there we so them in soil blocks are now we're actually using a lot of paper pot but that's that's not for home gardeners. We sell them in soil blocks and they grow there for about 4 weeks and then we put them out in the garden for another 4 weeks and then they're ready to go but what we like to do I point out in the notes is have different varieties you know so so Tourist 3 different varieties maybe you want to remain in the in the butter head I love the butter heads that something is hard to buy in the store. And those you know there's enough variance in the different varieties that that will give you a continuous supply of lettuce. Now what do you do about lettuce in the summertime. That's a whole different challenge and it's one word tackling there's a guy up in Tennessee who's actually done a lot of experimenting on this and we did have lettuce all summer last year. But again you have to kind of a way that the work you know for a home gardener you know involves covering once you put it in the garden you have to immediately cover it with shade cloth and you need some kind of timer for really hot days the. The sprinklers will come on and that you can do this it's not rocket science you know for 10 minutes or so every couple hours just to. To get it wet enough that there's going to be evaporative cooling. And so if you do that during the really hot days and then after about 10 days you take the shade cloth off and let the lettuce finish in the. Without the shade cloth then it works. But again you have to choose the right varieties I can tell you the the most heat tolerant lettuce variety that I'm aware of at this point is called Muir Ammu I r you can get it from Johnny's and I'm sure from a few other places as well. But any of the summer Chris or Batavia and varieties are much more of heat resistant then most lettuce varieties so just a few tips but again you may or may not want to hassle with trying to grow lettuce all summer because it is work for a market garden or it's work that's worth it because. Joshua we I don't know if I had asked for 50 copied but I think. They may have only made 30. What's that. I'm saying probably just one per family or whatever. We'll see how far they go if you don't get one. We will have saved one copy that we can have up here that people can take pictures of or else we'll put it on the website. Ok so full size lettuce full size Asian greens is so this would be things like. Well there's a lot of them you know there's a there's a really good one Tokyo but Qana is a really nice tender bright green Asian green and there of course you can do Tut's Sawyer or you can a Savoy all these can be full size as well as be. Tokyo because Ana b. ek in Asia. So those and again the notes will tell you but any of the bras that because once the weather starts warming up you've got to deal with flea beetles Does everybody know about flea beetles. Their tiny little black bugs that will just. It looks like the leaves have been shot with a shotgun all these tiny little holes in the leaves you know. There's It doesn't make the leaves in edible or anything it makes them hard to sell you know people don't want to buy stuff that looks like that but as far as home eating we're not afraid to eat it. But anyway you can keep those off with either flow floating row cover or insect covers other 14 day crops wheat corn bush beans beets scallions turnips and dill. So what we do with sweet corn is that we. We actually have gone to transplanting all are sweet corn and we don't do it acres of sweet corn you know we do. We do 3. $3000.00 foot. The streets 1000 square foot blocks of sweet corn in each of those 3 is divided in half so there's a $100.00 foot beds in in a $3000.00 square foot block so we do 6 plantings of corn. And we'll do that every 2 weeks and it works really well you get us solid stand of sweet corn and to us it's worth the extra effort of transplanting But again if you just have one variety of sweet corn and you're wanting 3 corn every day during the summer. Which you might not want. You will probably need to plant 2 different varieties at the same time you know every 2 weeks but some of one variety and some of another that has you know a different days to maturity and that will fill in that gap is this is this making sense you're not getting glazed over anything. Or Ok so this week corn you know a lot of them are like 70 days to maturity but then you can have one that 77 days so I would plant like a 70 day and a 77 day at the same time so that it would be maturing even more often than every 2 weeks. Now 11 other little tip on sweet corn and this is a bit more challenging for home gardeners You know sweet corn needs pollination and you really need kind of a block of sweet corn you can't just plant 5 plants and expect good pollination unless you're going to hand pollinate you know. You can kind of break the tassels off in hand pollinate it we also transplant our beats this is something that most Well actually most market gardeners do transplant beats now it seems because for some reason I don't know if you've experienced this but beat you direct see them and they come up and then they disappear have any of you had that experience you know we figured something out this year this was bad we it really messed this up in the fall but goldfinches. Love to eat beets tops you know when they're like really little so we were not even directs eating them we were paper putting them and you know you still have to do those when they're pretty small we were putting him out and they were just disappearing. And we finally figured out the goldfinches really eating. Our beets and we I mean we really didn't have much of any beets this winter because of the. Planting at took us too long to figure it out we couldn't figure out. Yeah. Ishaan here. One of our one of our interns had planted sunflower plants right next to where the beets were so of course you know it wasn't his fault we didn't we didn't know he's the one that helped us figure out what was going on so the goldfinches were coming and eating the sunflowers you know the seeds once they've ripened and then it was like oh look what's for dessert. Ok what if they disappear under a tunnel Well it's not just birds I mean it seems to be all kinds of you know voles or insects or it's also beats that that family beat since was started are very. Very prone to damping off so they can many times if you're over watering or any of those kind of things they will just keel over and so we like to get a little bigger b. plan that we put out and we'll put 2 seeds in each block and if you know anything about beets beets may have 2 or 3 plants in the sea right so we're shooting for no more than 4 beats per block. So this is kind of a different topic here we don't want to get to sidetracked but. Ok so let's go on to $21.00 day crops so some of those would be carrots. So let me just say this you know on the 2nd column it tells you this is the 1st sowing in the last sowing you have to determine whether you want to try to keep cool whether crops are going through the summer you know that. As I said with a lead is there are ways to do it you know I feel like beets were pushing beets more and more and it seems like beets can actually do fairly well in the summer as long as you can keep the tops healthy which is a challenge because they have get this care cost for a leaf spot which. Often does ours in beets can handle the warmer weather from our experience and scallions we had great great success with scallions this last summer going all summer so those you know the alliums are cool weather crops but you can push them. So I guess what I'm trying to say there is just because I'm saying. This can be done doesn't mean you're going to have a smashing success especially if you're from Florida. If I was telling somebody if I lived in Florida I don't know that I'd be even I'd even try to grow in the summertime I just grow spring and fall through spring and you could grow all kinds of good stuff down here that time of year. Ok So carrots is one of those again we're pushing I think from from my experience if you can keep the carrots well hydrated and they have a really loose loamy soil. They can handle the heat better and the key is you know you got it keep planting them you don't you know they will get old and tough and kind of not taste so good but you keep planting them every 3 weeks and give them your best soil it's got to be deep and loose and keep a more ice and I think you know we're because carrots are a big seller for us so we want to keep pushing the limits on that Mel Once again you know you just keep planting these don't don't just plant him once. And then there's summer squash and zucchini. Oh wait so we're on to monthly ones now here so not only. Is is this a way to to give you a continuous supply of summer squash and zucchini but it's also a way to deal with the myriad of bugs that like that to curb family you know here in the south we've got the squash bugged and we've got the cucumber beetle and we've got the squash by. And bore. And you're all nodding your head you're you've become. Familiar with those right. And and they're all a menace in my opinion the Q Courbet family is the biggest challenge as far as pass for the South from from my experience cucumber beetles can be terrible they can't because they transmitted viruses that can do your plants so. One way to combat that and that's how we do it is just keep replanting and ideally move them around and so you're breaking out you know you want to pull Well the old plants before the squash bugs can complete their life cycle you know because they lay their eggs on the leaves and then they they hatch out and so if you keep planting and moving them around you can try to disrupt that life cycle. Ok this class goes til 1030 right Ok we're good thing. I guess we'll go ahead in finish this and then we can have a few questions before Joshua goes on to so you know making these charts it's a it's a little bit. It's a little bit tricky because there's no defined line between spring and summer and fall and winter they kind of blend into each other so in addition to these you know either weekly or bi weekly or monthly plantings we also do a succession planting in the spring and fall you know we have broccoli in the spring and in the fall. Cabbage in the spring and fall kale and collards potatoes. Even you know potatoes we have we have much better potatoes I think for fall then in the spring and I'll tell you 11 good thing about that and for us you know it means planting potatoes. The last half of July. And then they mature in the fall and if if you let the frost kill the vines. And leave the potatoes in the ground this is what they do up north often times as I understand that the Skins will harden up right and so when you go to harvest you don't you don't bruise them up and mess up the skins so much but in the spring you don't have that luxury you know in fact for us if we don't get them out of the ground quick. They end up rotting there's it seems like very often we get we get a lot of rain in June right when the garlic in the potatoes need to be harvested in that rain can take a good crop and rot it very very quickly so any way we you know you can have really good success with fall potatoes. And the only challenge well to challenges I think that I wrote down there. Well use uncut seed from our experience if you plant a cut potato piece in July it will rot every time. But if you plant a whole potato. It doesn't rot. You. Know I'm talking about Irish potatoes or white potatoes whatever you want. I guess they should be called Peruvian Batavia those or something. The 2nd thing I wanted to say on potatoes and again this is kind of pushing the limits of our our topic here but. The challenge is finding seed potatoes in July so you really need to order or get your seed potatoes in the spring and then just keep them in the cooler. And tell the July and you know chances are they'll be you know sprouting and stuff but you know it when they start sprouting you just take the sprouts off and you just have to keep taking this for else off and then they'll stay much. More solid. Well yeah yeah it's fine to have sprouts when you go to plant them but I'm saying if they're sprouting 2 or 3 months before you're wanting to plant them you don't want to let those sprouts go. Ok. Ok And I'll just point this so. You know we have not had good success we don't plant much cauliflower period because. It's a waste of space in my opinion it's actually not even as healthy for you as you know broccoli and broccoli at least you get side shoots that you can use if you want cauliflower takes a lot of space in the garden you get one head and that's it I mean it's for market garden is it's not a money maker even broccoli is not really a money maker but. We have also never had good success in the spring with getting nice. White heads you know you get these really these heads that you're embarrassed to take to market you know and again for a home gardener. Yeah you can eat them there they're not bad but they just don't look nice but in the fall. You can have beautiful heads of cauliflower amazing heads of cauliflower same with Brussels sprouts I mean I would not even ever encourage anybody to grow Brussels sprouts in the spring I think it's a waste of your time. But fall Wow And the key with Brussels sprouts is forget the sprouts just see the greens everybody says they're the best greens out there Brussels sprout and greens are amazing so whether they make heads or not just grown for the Greens. And celery again we just you know we keep trying but we never had a good salary in the spring but boy we've had some beautiful celery in the fall. Ok and then the other the only other crop we have here is is tomatoes because we do succession plant tomatoes how many of you have had the experience you plant your tomatoes in spring and by. Middle to end of July they're gone. And you know you're still in the middle of summer and you're wanting to Mayville sandwiches. And you can't bring yourself to go the grocery store and buy them so you're just out of whack. So you do a 2nd planting a succession planting of tomatoes I'm suggesting and again this is going to vary on your location but. Mid to end of May. May end of May is really pushing the envelope. But the trick here is you don't even have to do a 2nd planting you can take suckers a few original ones and plant them you want to plant them you've got to baby them a little bit you've got to keep them in the shade keep them well watered for a few days but those suckers will roots and you've got your 2nd planting of tomatoes it's a way to save money too if you're buying expensive tomato seeds you know a lot of greenhouse tomatoes or dollar or more perceived. So you can get around it there Ok well that's enough. On that but I just want to point you to. The links here I guess Joshua So this chart we adopted a fair bit but we've got the the bones the framework from Johnny's Johnny seeds has a lot of information on their website that I would encourage you to look up. Ok so. The link the link on here for when turned over winter and growing guide is what we gave out the most of your God I think the front row here didn't get but hopefully you'll be able to see and you can take pictures so what I would say. The 1st key for your winter season is you have to think about your winter season when it's not winter and like. Some of the most probably the most critical month is September but August through October you're critical months for seeding and in August you know. Not really thinking about winter but if you don't get stuff in. It's not going to be growing so I think the 1st thing. Is Yeah so this is what you all have. And this is just a basic. Guide to. A lot of different crops and. How many weeks before your last 10 hour day and so also this is a good web site and it's also. On your the multiple page pamphlet at the end it's got this website on but you can just go on there type in your. You know your nearest town city whatever and it will give you. Obviously your current sunrise sunset you can go through the whole year and you can see you know your 1st 10 hour day your last 10 or a day yesterday. Are your area yesterday we just went above 10 hours so we're back back to that but. You got to be able to figure out you got to figure out when your last 10 hour day is in the fall and I mean here that doesn't even go below 10 hours so you may be lucky but so it gives. Just I think it's important to know that the basically from Elliot Coleman's research when plants when the day length goes below 10 hours plants pretty much stop growing so you want to work back from that to make sure they get enough growth before you get to that last 10 hour day yeah so I think that the. General consensus you need your plants at least 3 quarters growth before you drop below 10 hours so that's what this is kind of showing you so you know for tail 13 to 15 weeks before your last 10 hour day that way your so goes through the hole that you know and they most all of them have a few week variance. And then it's got also overwintering for crops that you would plant in the winter in the fall winter to get early spring and some of them are not like carrots and I don't know if it's just a mistake or what but carrots on the planting dates for winter is the same as the planting dates for overwintering. But we plant carrots. And dad just planted some but it was kind of late I think the last year he did it unlike what November 2nd week in November those were great early spring. So that that chart will give you a basic. Basic outline on getting crops and then once you know at least for us and if you're in somewhat of a corner climate plants you know once it gets below 10 hours once it's getting colder they don't they're not growing very much so if you plant like. A bunch of lettuce in what in the. Timeframe that it's saying here it doesn't it's not just going to become mature and then Bowl you know you can you can be harvesting it a little bit early you know whether it's not like it has to get to maturity obviously if you're selling it you want it but. And then it can just kind of sit there and. You can just use it through the winter I mean it's good to have some succession and it also is depending on you know if your home garden or your if you're trying to be providing for a c.s.a. or something but we are trying to focus on the home gardening so for most of these crop succession plan thing is a little bit less necessary I guess in the winter because in the you know in the summer it's mature and then it's gone you can't you can't just leave your lettuce in the ground. Ok so there's that So here's another chart and this is from Elliott Coleman's book and if you're. If you're looking to be doing more than just home gardening in the winter this is from his winter harvest handbook and it's a really great. Great book for the winter growing and he's in Maine which I think he's like in his own 5. So everything's a little you know quite a bit more drastic up there as opposed to even where we are in Tennessee which is owned 7. And this is his this is his chart for. And yeah I mean you can kind of see it but it's kind of hard to see but for his winter winter planting this is for a 40. 40 days to maturity crop. And it's for a cold house and a cool house and his cold house is just a layer of plastic in his cool house he heats a little bit to keep it to it's not freezing so that you can see a drastic difference in that we don't have we don't have any that were heating at the moment but just so you probably won't be able to read the dates here but just to give a so this is your fall this the line here is your harvest day and then the line here is your planting date which you may not be able to read but I'll just show you here. So these dates are every 2 weeks so this is September 19th and October 12 weeks apart but your harvest here is. November 25 and January 4th which is like between 4 between 5 and 6 weeks I guess so you're your. 2 weeks different in planting came out 6 weeks different harvest so you've got a drastic. Change in the fall that. Affects if you're trying to if you're trying to keep stuff even longer through the winter. Or before you know even before the dates before your 10 hours you're planting you know you may be planting lettuce every week or twice a week. But it's going to be maturing you know spaced out by a couple weeks and I've got another chart here that. Shows his. Planting. Schedule so me see here on like a regular So it's got his outdoor planting which he says and that's in Maine. The outdoor fields they harvest until early November. You know we can we can go later than that and then they do an early greenhouse a late greenhouse and then a cool house which is his somewhat heated. So the top the top on a regular He's planting it. To September I guess September 4th 8th 12th 16 that's 4 days apart. For plantings in a row that are 4 days apart you know that's a lot. Really quick but his harvest is going to be spread out by a couple of weeks. Let us let us hear his plan I'm not. Assume this is had led this but I mean it doesn't. Make a big difference but he's planning is a lot of 2 days apart. October not October Aug 29 September 2nd 4th and 6th and then he's jump into his. Hoop those are for the outside plantings so that just gives you a. You know a visual of how. Critical your fall planting seem to be like you know if you're gone for a week and you can't get stuff planted you come back and you know you plant right before you leave plant if you can so you're Ok well it's a week apart you know but in the fall you know that stuff you planted before is going to be ready and then you're going to have a 56 week gap. But again. In the winter and hold on for a year for home gardening you can you know you don't need to be planting as you can be planting twice as much a little bit further apart and just kind of be holding stuff. I'm not sure if I have any I don't so those are the. The. Charts I have for the winter. For Yeah like I said for the home gardener it's not as critical and this is this is all just based on his for me and it's hard to. I don't I should have better like. Parting of what I do I just kind of know like you know. August is getting the carrots and beets and you know September we're starting to do lettuce twice a week you know October we're trying to let us 3 times a week and I don't it's so it's hard for me to like just give. Specific dates on everything this is this is a good charting here but it's also not probably not for most of your area. But you can you can find plenty of information. Based on your zone to kind of figure out your own charts and schedules for the fall this media was brought to you by audio verse a website dedicated to spreading God's word through free sermon audio and much more if you would like to know more about audio verse if you would like to listen to more sermons lead to visit w w w audio verse or.

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